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  • 1. Province of ROMBLON 1 Philippines Fourth Progress Report on the Millennium Development Goals using CBMS Data - Province of Province of Marinduque
  • 2. Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 3. Foreword Republic of the Philippines PROVINCE OF ROMBLON OFFICE OF THE VICE-GOVERNOR I personally take recognition of the work and dedication spent by our Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) Provincial Team in making this document, the Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data (Province of Romblon). This report gives every reader the 2007 general situation of the province of Romblon and its municipalities vis-à-vis their achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. It presents not only the threats and weaknesses we have as a community, but also the equivalents strengths and the opportunities we can pursue. Specifically, this report pictures to us how have we specially faired in the following eight (8) develop- ment goals set by the United Nations: 1. Eradication of extreme poverty and hunger 2. Achievement of universal primary education 3. Promotion of gender equality and women empowerment 4. Reduction of child mortality 5. Improvement in maternal health 6. Combat of HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases 7. Ensuring environmental sustainability, and 8. Developing a global partnership for development Towards the end of this report, the reader is led to the proposed programs, projects and activities, and their equivalent project costs. It also strongly suggests for the continuous updating of our CBMS. This document therefore can be a great resource for all development institutions, workers, and specially our local and national leaders whose love for the development of Romblon and its people is real, sincere and overflowing. This can help them decide what programs, projects and activities will they commit to fund and undertake; how much fund and when will they give. Then we can be able to project what of these plans are achievable first, until 2015, and then beyond. Again, sincere thanks to our Provincial Team, Dr. Celia Reyes and the PEP-CBMS Network, UNDP, NEDA-SDS, the municipal governments in the province, the provincial offices and agencies, and to all those who supported the preparation of this document. ALICE CAPA-FETALVERO Vice Governor 2 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 4. Preface The province of Romblon is blest with abundant natural resources yet has difficulty harnessing development due to limiting factors such as being archipelagic in nature. Foremost in the agenda of the Local Development Councils is the eradication of poverty and upliftment of the socioeconomic conditions of all Romblomanons. To achieve this goal, we need massive financial resources and technical inputs to overcome our geophysi- cal constraints. In our pursuit of the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), aligning our meager resources in support of the universal development thrust will enable the province to respond meaningfully to the challenge. We particularly need to strengthen local governance and pass local legislations to effectively implement national policies. This report aims to present the status of the province and its component municipalities in terms of the MDG targets based on data generated from the first implementation of the Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS). The data revealed that we have a very good performance in combating malnutrition and promoting gender equality. We need to maintain or even surpass what we have achieved so far while devising innovative strategies to improve on the other indicators which are lagging behind. There is a need for a concerted effort to engender a paradigm shift regarding the environment including climate change if we want an immediate response to reverse environmental loss. Poverty continued to be our vulnerability as majority of the population is below poverty threshold. This is our greatest challenge. With the MDG report, we believe that the Local Chief Executives and the Local Development Councils would realize the necessity to act now by prioritizing plans/programs/activities that would enable us to make a decent improvement in the lives of the people and make headways in achieving the MDG targets. OSCAR VICENTE L. YLAGAN, JR. Provincial Government Department Head Provincial Planning and Development Office Provincial Development Council Secretary 3 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 5. Acknowledgments It has been a great honor and opportunity that Romblon was among the nine provinces in the country chosen to participate in this laudable endeavor and come up with this document that shows our status on the Millennium Development Goals. The preparation of this report is made possible by the PEP-CBMS Network through the support of the United Nations Devel- opment Programme (UNDP) and the National Economic and Development Authority-Social Development Staff (NEDA-SDS). We would like to express our deepest gratitude to Dr. Celia Reyes and her Team in concep- tualizing this project. We are also thankful for them in relentlessly providing us with technical assistance and coaching sessions in generating the MDG indicators. For their patience and understanding, and for being with us all the way, until we finish the report, we are heartily grateful. A million thanks also goes to the UNDP for supporting this undertaking and for the unique experience we encountered in preparing the report. Finally, we would also like to acknowledge the contributions of the Municipal Planning and Development Coordinators (MPDCs), the Municipal Health Officers (MHOs) and other pro- vincial offices and agencies, in sharing with us their insights regarding data analysis at their areas of concern as well as their best practices. The CBMS Provincial Team OSCAR VICENTE L. YLAGAN, JR. Provincial Government Dept. Head – PPDO CBMS Provincial Lead Person jylagan_ppdo@yahoo.com EVELYN M. MAGAYAM GEMMA M. ETIS Planning Officer IV Project Evaluation Officer IV CBMS Focal Person CBMS TWG Member billy_ppdo@yahoo.com gem_ppdo@yahoo.com MELODINA M. VILLALUZ LIANY G. ROMERO Project Evaluation Officer III Planning Officer II CBMS TWG Member CBMS TWG Member mellie_ppdo@yahoo.com gian_phil@yahoo.com 4 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 6. Message The preparation of provincial MDGs reports is a critical step that Local Govern- ment Units (LGUs) have taken in the overall effort to localize the MDGs. As it is often said, the MDGs will be ‘won or lost’ at the local level given the conditions of uneven progress and disparities across regions and provinces in the country. Beyond the national averages, one can see wide disparities on the gains in poverty reduction, universal education, child mortality and maternal health. This situation reinforces the notion that the progress of each province is just as important as the achievements of the country as a whole. After all, the Philippines’ progress towards the MDGs, is the sum of the efforts and gains of all LGUs. By preparing provincial reports, LGUs are provided vital information on the status of the MDGs in their areas of influence. These reports are important sources of information for planning, resource allocation and priority setting that LGUs are tasked under their mandate of effective local governance. Likewise, in the course of the preparation of the reports, the capacity of LGUs to collect, monitor and use data for decision making has been greatly enhanced. The reports also show how far the Community Based Monitoring System (CBMS) that UNDP has supported can go in terms of its use. Against the backdrop of renewed optimism emanating from the new political leadership, this first set of nine Provincial Reports on the MDGs is a timely and important milestone. The reports provide crucial insights on how to overcome the constraints in achieving the MDGs locally as the country gears towards the last stretch to attain the eight goals by 2015. They also emphasize the important role of active collaboration of political leaders, stakeholders, and donors in achieving the MDGs. I wish to commend the nine Provincial Governments that prepared their reports – the Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Biliran, Camarines Norte, Eastern Samar, Marinduque, Romblon, Sa- rangani, and Siquijor Province – the Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) Network and the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) for working together in bringing about this important accomplishment. With this initiative, it is hoped that other provinces will follow suit to attain nationwide support for the need to accelerate the pace of the achievement of the MDGs by 2015.s Dr Dr. Jacqueline Badcock UN Resident Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative 5 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 7. Message Republic of the Philippines PROVINCE OF ROMBLON OFFICE OF THE GOVERNOR The Declaration of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by member states of the United Nations including the Philippine Government (PG) has posed a great challenge to the country and to the Local Government Units (LGUs) as well. At the onset, the absence of baseline data at the grass-root level and the lack of local monitoring tool to determine the status of the LGUs in terms of the MDG targets has been a hindrance in setting local targets. The Regional Development Council (RDC) Region IV-B (MIMAROPA) initiative to implement a common database system in the region and the subsequent implementation of the Community- Based Monitoring System (CBMS) in the Province of Romblon has proven to be a very provident endeavor. With CBMS, the availability of data at each geo-political level—barangay, municipality and province—has been a great help in our assessment of the demographic and socioeconomic condition of the province and its 17 component municipalities as well as the indicators monitored under the MDG. Since this is the first round of CBMS implementation in the province, we still cannot track our progress in attaining the MDGs. What we can offer instead is a glimpse of where we stand at present, and strive to contribute to the achievement of the national target. Our current status can also be our benchmark in monitoring the impacts of projects being implemented and gauge the effects of the general services provided aimed at improving the general welfare of our people. The province and its 17 component municipalities have agreed to update the CBMS database this 2010 and we are very optimistic that the data generated will provide us insights as to our response to MDG challenge as well as the impact of our services to the lives of our constituents. This will help us a lot in focusing our interventions to where and whom it is most needed. Hopefully, the preparation of the provincial MDG report can provide us with meaningful analysis not only on the MDG indicators but also on our general situation and shall be the basis in formulating development plans and strategies that would be responsive to achieve our objectives as well as the MDGs. The MDG Report will steer us to our quest for a better fut s future and will further aid us in our quest for a unified, self-reliant and ecologically-balanced province. d provin v NATALIO F. BELTRAN III Gover Governor 6 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 8. Table of Contents Foreword Vice-Governor Alice Capa-Fetalvero .................................... 2 Preface Provincial Government Department Head Oscar Vicente L. Ylagan, Jr. .................................................. 3 Acknowledgments ...................................................................................... 4 Messages UN Resident Coordinator Dr. Jacqueline Badcock ................. 5 Governor Natalio F Beltran III .................................................. . 6 Table of Contents ....................................................................................... 7 List of Acronyms ........................................................................................ 9 List of Tables .............................................................................................. 11 List of Figures ............................................................................................ 13 Executive Summary ............................................................................. 14 Part I. Provincial Profile 1. Brief Historical Background ............................................................... 22 2. Geo-Physical Environment ................................................................. 23 3. Population & Social Environment ....................................................... 24 4. Local Economy ................................................................................... 26 5. Infrastructure/Utilities/Facilities .......................................................... 27 6. Local Institutional Capability ............................................................. 28 Part II. Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 1. Goal 1 - Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger ....................................... 30 2. Goal 2 - Achieve Universal Primary Education .......................................... 41 3. Goal 3 - Promote Gender Equality .......................................................... 48 .. 4. Goal 4 - Reduce Child Mortality ............................................................. 55 5. Goal 5 - Improve Maternal Health ......................................................... 61 7 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 9. Table of Contents 6. Goal 6 - Combat HIV / AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases .................................... 66 7. Goal 7 - Ensure Environmental Sustainability ..................................................... 71 8. Goal 8 - Develop Global Partnership for Development ........................................ 79 Part III. Meeting the 2015 Challenge 1. Priority Programs and Policy Responses ........................................................ 85 2. Financing the MDGs ..................................................................................... 88 3. Monitoring the MDGs ................................................................................... 90 Explanatory Text .............................................................................................. 91 8 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 10. List of Acronyms ADP Annual Development Plan AHYD Adolescent Health & Youth Development AICS Aid in Crisis Situation ALS Alternative Learning Service BBB Buntis Baby Bank BEMONC Basic Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care BHS Barangay Health Station BHW Barangay Health Workers BLR Botika ng Lalawigan ng Romblon BNB Botika ng Barangay BNS Barangay Nutrition Scholar CBFM Community-Based Forest Management CBMIS Community-Based Management Information System CBMS Community-Based Monitoring System CDA Cooperative Development Agency CEMONC Comprehensive Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care DepEd Department of Education DMFDH Don Modesto Formilleza District Hospital DOLE Department of Labor and Employment DSWD Department of Social Worker and Development EC European Commission ECCD Early Childhood Care & Development F1 FOURmula One FIC Fully Immunized Children GAD Gender and Development IAD/U Internal Audit Department/Unit ICMRM Integrated Coastal and Marine Resources Management IRA Internal Revenue Allotment IRS International Reference Standard ISF Integrated Social Forestry IT Information Technology LCE Local Chief Executive LDC Local Development Council LGU Local Government Unit MDG Millennium Development Goals MDH Malipayon District Hospital MHO Municipal Health Office MIMAROPA Mindoro, Marinduque, Romblon and Palawan MOA Memorandum of Agreement MPDC Municipal Planning and Development Coordinator 9 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 11. List of Acronyms NEDA National Economic and Development Authority NGO Non Government Organization NPC National Power Corporation NSCB National Statistical Coordination Board OPT Operation Timbang OTELCO Odiongan Telephone Corporation PCS Provincial Communication System PEP Progressive Economic Policy PG Philippine Government PHIC/Phil-Health Philippine Health Insurance Corporation PHO Provincial Health Office PIPH Provincewide Investment Plan for Health PNAO Provincial Nutrition Action Officer PNC Provincial Nutrition Committee PPAN Philippine Plan of Action for Nutrition PPDO Provincial Planning and Development Office 4Ps Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program PTWG Provincial Technical Working Group RDC Regional Development Council RDH Romblon District Hospital RHU Rural Health Unit RIC Rural Improvement Club ROMELCO Romblon Electric Cooperative RPH Romblon Provincial Hospital RSU Romblon State University RW3SP Rural Water Supply Sanitation Sector Program SEDIP Secondary Education Development & Improvement Program SEF Special Education Fund SPED Special Education SWMP Solid Waste Management Plan SUC State University/College SWMP Solid Waste Management Plan TB DOTS Tuberculosis Directly Observed Treatment Scheme TEEP Third Elementary Education Program TELOF Telecommunication Office TIDH Tablas Island District Hospital TIELCO Tablas Island Electric Cooperative UN United Nations UNDP United Nation Development Programme VAWC Violence Against Women and their Children 10 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 12. List of Tables Table 1. Summary of Findings of MDG Indicators, Province of Romblon, 2007 Table 2. Demographic Features, by Municipality, 2007 Table 3. Number of Schools and Enrollment, SY 2007 – 2008 Table 4. Participation and Completion Rate, SY 2007 – 2008 Table 5. Magnitude and Proportion of Households and Population Living Below Poverty Threshold, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 6. Magnitude and Proportion of Households and Population Living Below Food Threshold, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 7. Poverty Gap Ratio, by Urbanity, by municipality, 2007 Table 8. Employment Rate, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 9. Magnitude and Proportion of Households and Population who Experienced Food Shortage, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 10. Magnitude and Proportion of Underweight Children Under 5 years of Age, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 11. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 6-12 Years Old Enrolled in Elementary School, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 12. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 13-16 Years Old Enrolled in High School, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 13. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 6-16 Years Old Enrolled in School, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 14. Literacy Rate of 15-24 Year-Olds, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 15. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Primary Education, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 16. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Secondary Education, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 17. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Tertiary Education, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 18. Ratio of Literate Females to Literate Males (15-24 years old), by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 19. Proportion of Seats Held by Women in Municipality and Province, by Municipality, 2007 Table 20. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 0 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died, by sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 21. Magnitude and Proportion of Infants who Died, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 22. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 1 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 23. Magnitude and Proportion of Women Deaths Due to Pregnancy-Related Causes, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 24. Magnitude and Proportion of Couples who Use Contraception, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 25. Magnitude and Proportion of Couples Using Condom Among Those who are Practicing Contraception, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 26. Magnitude and Proportion of Deaths Associated with Malaria, by Sex, by Municipality, 2007 Table 27. Magnitude and Proportion of Deaths Associated with Tuberculosis, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 28. Magnitude and Proportion of Households and Population with Access to Safe Drinking Water, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 29. Magnitude and Proportion of Households and Population with Access to Sanitary Toilet Facility, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 30. Magnitude and Proportion of Households and Population who are Informal Settlers, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 31. Magnitude and Proportion of Households and Population Living in Makeshift Housing, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 32. Magnitude and Proportion of Households and Population Living in Inadequate Housing Conditions, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 11 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 13. List of Tables Table 33. Magnitude and Proportion of Households with Landlines/Telephone Lines, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 34. Magnitude and Proportion of Households with Cellphones, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 35. Magnitude and proportion of Households with Computers, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 36. Estimates of Funding Requirements Table 37. The CBMS-MDG Indicators and their Definition Table 38. Poverty and Food Thresholds 12 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 14. List of Figures Figure 1. Location of Romblon Province Figure 2. Proportion of Population Living Below Poverty Threshold Figure 3. Proportion of Population Living Below Food Threshold Figure 4. Poverty Gap Ratio Figure 5. Employment Rate Figure 6. Proportion of Population Who Experienced Food Shortage Figure 7. Prevalence of Underweight Children Under 5 Years of Age Figure 8. Proportion of Children Aged 6-12 Years Old Enrolled in Elementary School Figure 9. Proportion of Children Aged 13-16 Years Old Enrolled in High School Figure 10. Proportion of Children Aged 6-16 Years Old Enrolled in School Figure 11. Literacy Rate of 15-24 Years Olds Figure 12. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Primary Education Figure 13. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Secondary Education Figure 14. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Tertiary Education Figure 15. Ratio of Literate Females to Literate Males Aged 15-24 Years Old Figure 16. Proportion of Seats Held by Women in Municipality and Province Figure 17. Proportion of Children 0 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died Figure 18. Proportion of Infants who Died Figure 19. Proportion of Children Aged 1 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died Figure 20. Proportion of Women Deaths Due to Pregnancy-Related causes Figure 21. Proportion of Couples who Use Contraception Figure 22. Proportion of Couples Using Condom Among Those who are Practicing Contraception Figure 23. Death Rates Associated with Malaria Figure 24. Death Rates Associated with Tuberculosis Figure 25. Proportion of Population with Access to Safe Drinking Water Figure 26. Proportion of Population with Access to Sanitary Toilet Facility Figure 27. Proportion of Population who are Informal Settlers Figure 28. Proportion of Population who are Living in Makeshift Housing Figure 29. Proportion of Population Living in Inadequate Housing Condition Figure 30. Proportion of Households with Landlines/ Telephone Lines Figure 31. Proportion of Households with Cellphones Figure 32. Proportion of Households with Computers Figure 33. CBMS Coverage in the Philippines (as of May 12, 2010) 13 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 15. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The endeavor to prepare a provincial 2.3 percentage point away from the 100 MDG report was a result of a collaborative percent target. effort of the PEP-CBMS Network Coordinat- • Ratio of girls to boys in elementary is ing Team, the Provincial Government of 0.9 but this is due to the higher popula- Romblon and the UNDP-Philippines which tion of boys than girls. In high school and aims to track progress towards the achieve- college, ratio is higher in favor of girls ment of MDGs in the province and create a attending higher education at 1.0 and 1.1 document that would increase awareness of respectively. local stakeholders regarding the universal • Ratio of literate females to males age development thrust. 15-24 years old is lower at 0.9 accounting for the higher male population than females The report utilized the result of the 2007 in this age group. CBMS survey and other administrative data. • No HIV/AIDs case in the province. • The proportion of informal settlers in The result presented in this report suggest- the population was low at 1.3 percent and ed that there has been some good news, those living in makeshift housing was 2.1 and not so good news in some indicators percent. but there are those that pose a great challenge for the remaining five years until Not so good news: the 2015 target. Without doubt, there is • Proportion of population who experi- a need for a concerted effort among all enced food shortage was minimal at 3.0 stakeholders, from the national down to percent. the local level, to make urgent response to • Employment rate was high at 97.7 achieve the MDG targets that would make percent although employment opportunities a better life for every person in the province. provide low economic returns. • Poverty gap ratio was moderate at 0.3. Good news: • Proportion of children’s death at age 0 • Prevalence of underweight children to less than five years old was 0.6 percent, under 5 years old was 8.12 percent which is infants at 1.8 percent and those 1 to less already below the national target of 17.25 than 5 years old was 0.8 percent. percent by 2015. • Proportion of women deaths due to • Literacy rate among the 15-24 years pregnancy related causes was 0.2 percent. old was high at 97.7 percent and was only • Proportion of population with access to 14 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 16. safe drinking water was 76.3 percent and children aged 6-16 enrolled in school the proportion of population with access was 88.5 percent which is more than 10 to sanitary toilet facilities was 71.4 percent. percentage points short of the 2015 target • Proportion of households with landlines/ of universal education. telephone lines was a meager 1.2 percent • Only 26.4 percent of women held but this is due to the province’s geophysical elective positions in the province at the characteristics. barangay, municipal and provincial levels. • Proportion of population with cellular • Contraceptive prevalence rate phones was 27.0 percent but increasing. was 32.0 percent while the proportion of • Proportion of population with computers couples using condom among those who was low at only 3.34 percent because of the are practicing family planning was only 1.4 difficulty in obtaining internet connection. percent. • Prevalence of death rates associ- Posing great challenge: ated with tuberculosis was high at 46.68 • Proportion of population below poverty percent. threshold was staggering at 68 percent • Proportion of population under and those below food threshold was inadequate living condition was 43.1 55.7percent. percent because of the water and sanitation • Proportion of children 6-12 years old component. enrolled in elementary education was 77.1 percent, those 13-16 years old enrolled in Here is the summary of the status of the high school was 78.4 percent and those MDG indicators based on the 2007 CBMS result. 15 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 17. Table 1. Summary of findings of MDG indicators, Province of Romblon, 2007 16 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 18. Table 1. (Contrinued) Source: CBMS Survey 2007 17 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 19. To achieve the MDG targets, the conver- the potential of our vast surrounding seas gence of service providers from the national and develop industries based on marine down to the local level is required. Likewise, resources. the concerted efforts of all stakehold- ers, including participation of NGOs is 2. Achieve Universal Primary Education necessary to overcome the great challenge, It is noted that completion rate for both particularly on poverty and education. elementary and high school is quite low. The prioritization of our meager financial Strengthening the Early Childhood Care resources to engender the desired results and Development (ECCD) program/ will help in the realization of our targets but daycare services and expanding the we still need to seek outside fund sources to pre-elementary education services of the be able to implement the myriad strategies Department of Education (DepEd) would and projects essential for the attainment of help the students for the transition into the the MDGs. elementary education system including their readiness; hence will reduce dropouts. Recommendations Intensify the Alternative Learning Service for the areas very far from educational 1. Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger institutions and provide additional Special To make an inroad in conquering poverty, Education (SPED) classes for those children the national and provincial governments with special needs. The Tuloy Aral Walang together with the LGUs must align provision Sagabal (TAWAG) program of the Depart- of interventions needed to uplift the ment of Social Welfare and Development socioeconomic conditions. Microfinancing (DSWD) should be expanded to cover and small scale industries could trigger all municipalities. Improvement of school progress coupled with strengthening of facilities including provision of books and marketing linkages, particularly for the instructional materials will also inspire marble and coconut based products. It children to study. We also need to provide would be advantageous if each LGU can scholarship programs for deserving but put up one industry to boost and increase poor students. Local School Boards should the earning power of the people. look deeper into the issue of low participa- tion in both elementary and high school. Due to our geophysical characteristics, it Reasons for dropouts must be evaluated is desirable to promote the tourism industry for proper strategies and solutions to be that could create job opportunities. To implemented. provide alternative sources of income we should encourage our students to take 3. Promote Gender Equality and Women technical/vocational courses. To enhance Empowerment agricultural production, our Agricultural There is a pronounced trend that fewer Technologists must go out of their way to males attend secondary and tertiary teach the marginalized farmers with innova- education. Provision of livelihood projects tive farming techniques, including use of to augment family income and short term modern farm inputs. Likewise, we should tap technical and practical courses would 18 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 20. encourage some of them to at least finish the area of governance could make them high school. To address this concern, a realize that they could also make a differ- study must be made to determine the real ence and contribute to the well being of the reasons so that adequate policies and community. interventions could be put in place. 4. Reduce Child Mortality For women empowerment, provision Institutionalizing the facility based birthing of livelihood skills training with gender through upgrading of health facilities into advocacy could increase their self-esteem standard Comprehensive Emergency and will enable them to be productive Obstetric and Newborn Care (CEMONC) members of the community. The establish- facility in the case of hospitals and for the ment of a One-Stop-Shop for victims Rural Health Units (RHUs) into a standard of abuse and the Women’s Desk will Basic Emergency Obstetric and Newborn encourage more women to report cases Care (BEMONC) facility. Improve services of atrocities. Information and dissemina- of RHUs to include regular weekly/monthly tion of the VAWC law will help decrease visit to remote barangays. Implementation marital abuses including maltreatment of the Responsible Parenting Movement of children. To encourage more women (RPM) through parents association could to seek elected position and serve their generally encourage couples to practice communities, women’s success stories in birth spacing using whatever method is 19 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 21. acceptable to them. Provision of Adoles- laws must be adhered to stop the degrada- cent Health and Youth Development tion of our environment and start reversing programs would also address the issues of the process. Approval of the Sangguniang teenage pregnancies. Panlalawigan of the proposed Environmen- tal Code is a priority to guide us in our quest 5. Improve Maternal Health for environmental sustainability. Involvement and active participation of all stakeholders, particularly the Municipal Expansion and establishment of fish Health Officers (MHOs) can make a lot of sanctuaries, rehabilitation of mangroves difference, particularly in service delivery and regular coastal cleanup can improve and implementation of innovative program our marine resources. Reforestation of all interventions. Utilize the Barangay Nutrition forest lands, including Mt. Guiting-guiting Scholars (BNS) to monitor pregnant women Natural Park and support the Integrated in their areas and encourage them to Social Forestry (ISF) and Community- submit themselves for prenatal check-ups. Based Forestry Management (CBFM) Replicate the innovative practices like the programs to hasten the recovery of our Buntis Baby Project of LGU Cajidiocan forest cover. Immediate attention must that encourages mothers to seek prenatal be made to rehabilitate our watershed consultations through a savings scheme areas to improve current water sources. for use at birth. Continuous information, Strengthen the implementation of the education, and communication (IEC) on Integrated Coastal and Marine Resources Reproductive Health and encourage would Management (ICMRM) to cover all areas be mothers to submit for prenatal checkup. so that all economic activities could be monitored. Proper mobilization of “Bantay 6. Combat HIV/AIDs, Malaria and other Diseases Dagat” agents to apprehend encroaching Be vigilant to maintain the situation by commercial fishing vessels in municipal providing the much needed information waters and strict implementation of fishery dissemination campaign on the prevention laws and fines to discourage them. as well as providing medical examination to suspected carrier or infected individual. On For the informal/illegal settlers, establish- tuberculosis, encourage all RHUs to seek ment of housing projects for their reloca- accreditation to be a Tuberculosis Directly tion including provision of livelihood Observed Treatment Scheme (TB DOTS) opportunities will dramatically improve their facility to better respond to the challenge socioeconomic condition. For waterless of providing treatment and cure to TB families, improvement of water system positive patients. Provision of a sustained facility and provision of toilet bowls for IEC campaign to encourage client to submit those without sanitary latrines would ensure for sputum test and take complete treatment their health. coupled with advocacy for a tuberculosis-free LGU. For those living in makeshift housing, expanding the core shelter assistance of 7. Ensure Environmental Sustainability the DSWD would address some of them Strict implementation of environmental together with the provision of skills training 20 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 22. and livelihood assistance. Expansion of the Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA), hence, 4Ps (Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program) the 20 percent allocation for develop- would significantly improve the conditions ment projects of the provincial govern- of the poorest of the poor. ment is a meager P80M yearly which is further allotted to social services sector, 8. Development for Global Partnership economic services sector and general Provision of career options particularly public sector, including payment for loan for our younger generation could bring in obligations. development because of a highly educated labor force. Priority is the establishment of a The estimated funding requirement for Research Facility for research studies in any the proposed plans/programs/activities field, particularly, on the endemic species for the next six years for the achievement and biodiversity found in Sibuyan Island, of the MDG targets in 2015 is around and high value agricultural products suited P560M which partly has to be sourced to the province’s unique land characteris- out from funding agencies including tics. Official Development Assistance (ODA) for the province to realize local targets. Improvement of internet access including relay stations for cell signal to increase For the health reform program, the communication within and even outside province received a grant from the the country is a must. Encourage all High European Commission amounting School Principals provincewide to include to P77M and an additional P35M computer literacy in their academic curricu- from the Department of Health (DOH) lum for students to be ready for college and counterpart for a total of P112M health their chosen field in the future. package under the Province-wide Investment Plan for Health (PIPH) for a four-year implementation period which Funding Requirements is not reflected in the proposed plans/ program/activities found in the latter The province including the component part of this report under Financing the LGUs are highly dependent on the MDGs. 21 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 23. Part 1. Provincial Profile 1. History The Negritoes were the aborigines of the The Japanese Imperial Forces maintained islands comprising the province of Romblon. a garrison in Romblon during World The Mangyans were the first settlers. Today, War II from 1942 until the Naval Battle these groups of inhabitants are almost extinct of Sibuyan on October 25, 1945. The with only a few of their descendants living in islands became the center of considerable the mountain of Tablas and in the interior of resistance movement under the direction of Sibuyan Island. A great portion of the present General Macario Peralta, Jr. from his Panay population descended from the Nayons and headquarters. One of the most exciting the Onhans who immigrated to the islands incidents of the Pacific War took place from Panay and the Bicols and Tagalogs who in the waters of Romblon, the Naval Air came from Luzon as early as 1870. Battles between Japanese Admiral Kurita’s Fleet from Singapore and Admiral Halseys’ Romblon was created as a regular carrier planes from the American Third Fleet province in 1901 but due to insufficient then stationed east of the Philippines. income, it became a subprovince of Capiz in 1907 until December 7, 1917, when Act The province of Romblon was liberated on No. 2724 reestablished the former province March 12, 1945 by units of the 24th Infantry of Romblon. Under Commonwealth Act No. Division under the command of a Colonel 581, enacted without executive approval on Clifford. On January 1, 1947, Romblon June 8, 1940, the province was reorganized regained her Provincial Status through the with four towns, namely: Tablas (embracing passage of Republic Act No. 38, which Odiongan, Looc, Badajos, Santa Fe and was sponsored by Congressman Modesto Despujols), Romblon (comprising Logbon, Formilleza. The law not only repealed C.A. Cobrador and Alad), Banton (involving 581 but also restored the regular provincial Simara and Maestre de Campo), and government and the Municipalities of Sibuyan (with the towns of Cajidiocan, Romblon and created the municipality of Magdiwang and San Fernando). Santa Fe. 22 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 24. Figure 1. Location of Romblon Province 2. Geo-Physical Environment its 17 municipalities, nine are located in Tablas Island (San Agustin, Calatrava, The province of Romblon is strategi- San Andres, Odiongan, Ferrol, Santa Fe, cally situated at the center of the Philippine Looc, Alcantara and Santa Maria), three Archipelago. It is composed of three major in Sibuyan Island (Magdiwang, Cajidiocan islands (Tablas, Sibuyan and Romblon) and San Fernando) and five (Romblon, San and seventeen minor and small islands. Jose, Banton, Concepcion and Corcuera) It is surrounded by deep waters, and is are island municipalities. bounded by the islands of Masbate in the east, Mindoro in the west, Marinduque The province is generally mountainous in the north and Panay in the south. It with about 40 percent of its land area is approximately 187 nautical miles and having slopes greater than 50 percent. Only 169 air miles south of Manila. The islands 4 percent of the total area has 3 to 8 percent are dispersed and accessible only by sea slopes while a sparse 10 percent has 0 to 3 transportation except for Tablas Island percent inclination. Narrow strips of coastal where a domestic airport is located in the lowlands, low hills and plains typify the municipality of Alcantara. topography of some of the islands. The total land area of the province is The major locations of areas that are approximately 1,355.9 sq. km. represent- highly productive and buildable are ing about 5.30 percent of the total land basically in Tablas and Sibuyan Islands. In area of Region IV-B (MIMAROPA). Of Tablas, these maybe found in Odiongan, 23 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 25. San Andres, Looc and Santa Fe. All three municipalities in Sibuyan Island on the How Romblon Got Its Name other hand, have substantial level to gently A legendary tale tells of how Romblon got its sloping lands. Overall, good developable name. When Loarca’s expedition touched sand lands represent only about 13 percent of in Romblon, one of the soldiers rumbled in the the province’s total area. beach. Tired of strolling, he felt thirsty, went up a house and asked for a drink. The low-built The province of Romblon falls under Type hut where he went up was a primitive one-room shelter. Inside it was a hen’s nest somewhere at III of the Corona’s climatic classification the top of a post near the window. A hen was system. It is characterized by no pronounced hatching eggs therein. The Castillan soldier in- wet and dry seasons. Generally, the wet quired if he could get the chicken for free. The season is from June to November and house occupant, a young woman, did not com- sometimes extends up to December when prehend what the visitor said so she answered in the southwest monsoon is predominant. the dialect “nagalomlom”, meaning the chicken The dry season is from January to May that was brooding. Perplexed, the Spanish soldier left the house muttering in disgust the word “naga- is sometimes interrupted by erratic rainfall. lomlom”. Then when he returned to the ship he was asked where he had been and he answered 3. Population and Social mockingly - “nagalomlom”. Environment When the Iberians left, they named the island Population “Nagalomlom” until it was corrupted to Domblon, As of Census 2007, Romblon has a and later on modified to Romblon. population of 279,774. It ranked 4th Since then, the group of islands scattered in among the five provinces of Region IV-B the surrounding water area was named Romblon. (MIMAROPA) and had about 11 percent share of the total regional population. The most populous municipalities in the province Population density for the province stood at are Odiongan, Romblon and San Fernando. around 206 persons per sq. km. Population Combined, these three municipalities density is highest in the island municipalities accounted for 36 percent of the provincial of Corcuera with 465 and San Jose with population. 326 persons per sq. km. The least densely The municipalities with the least popula- populated municipalities are Calatrava and tion are Concepcion and Ferrol with only Magdiwang with 112 and 115 persons per 4,166 and 6,595 population, respectively. sq. km. respectively. Population growth rate for the province was registered at 0.78 for the period 2000 to Health Services 2007, the second lowest in the MIMAROPA There are eight hospitals in the province, region. The municipalities that showed the all of which are government-owned. The highest population growth rates are Santa hospitals in Tablas Island are the follow- Fe and San Jose with 1.99 and 1.90. Two ing: Romblon Provincial Hospital (RPH) in municipalities registered a negative growth Odiongan (75 beds), Tablas Island District rate, Concepcion with -1.60 and Corcuera Hospital (TIDH) in San Agustin (25 beds) with -0.90, both island municipalities. Don Modesto Formilleza District Hospital 24 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 26. Table 2. Demographic Features, By Municipality 3.3 Education Based on the report from the DepEd Division of Romblon for CY 2007-2008, there are 477 schools offering pre-elementa- ry, elementary and secondary education in the province. For pre-elementary, a total of 200 schools of which 18 are private and 182 are public serves the province. For elementary, a total of 226 schools, 11 of them private and 215 public schools. For secondary, a total of 51 schools are available, 10 are private, 38 Source: NSO, 2007 Census of Population are public and 3 are under State University/College (SUCs). Enroll- (DMFDH) in Looc (25 beds) and San Andres ment for the same schoolyear totals 8,307 District Hospital (6 beds). In Sibuyan Island, for pre-school, 51,995 for elementary and the Sibuyan District Hospital in Cajidiocan 27,122 for secondary. The report further can accommodate 25 in-patients. In the shows that almost 95 percent of the basic island municipalities, the San Jose District education enrollees in the division are in Hospital in San Jose has 10 beds, the public schools, as can be gleaned from the Malipayon District Hospital in Corcuera has table below. 10 beds and the Romblon District Hospital in the capital town of Romblon has 75 For elementary school participation rate, beds. The total bed capacity of the eight Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER) or those hospitals is 251 or a bed to population ratio enrolled in elementary regardless of age of 1:1,115. Table 3. Number of Schools and Enrollment Data, SY 2007-2008 25 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 27. for CY 2007-2008 is 98.7 percent while Net Due to the geographical condition of the Enrollment Ratio (NET) or those enrolled in province, crops and livestock production is elementary age 6-12 is only 80.22 percent. generally deficient as compared to the food For the same year, elementary comple- requirements of Romblon population. To tion rate is recorded at 68.05 percent. For meet the rice requirements, Romblon relies secondary participation rate for the same on imports from the neighboring provinces period, the division recorded a GER of 72.8 where vegetables, poultry meat, vegetables percent while NET or those enrolled in high and fruits are supplied mostly by Luzon. school aged 13-16 is only 52.3 percent. Completion rate for secondary school Coastal Marine Resources for the same period is recorded at 72.22 percent. Fishing industry can be a major enterprise as Romblon is surrounded by bodies of 4. Local Economy water. The fishing ground of Romblon is a migratory path of fishes from Sulu and Agriculture and Livestock Visayan Seas passing Tablas Strait, Sibuyan Sea and Romblon Pass. The waters also Agriculture is the main industry in the abound with demersal fishes due to the province. Coconut is the number one crop coral reefs surrounding the islands. with a total planted area of 58,270.44 hectares. San Agustin has the most Because the province has a great potential extensive area with coconut plants followed for aqua/marine development, the province by Romblon and Cajidiocan. Rice is the implemented a coastal and resource next crop being produced particularly in management program. Each municipality Odiongan, Looc, Cajidiocan and Santa established a fish sanctuary and passed Fe. Other crops grown include root crops, laws on fishery. The use of compressor in vegetables and fruits. Odiongan, Banton the municipal waters was regulated and and Magdiwang have the greatest areas banned altogether in some municipalities. planted with root crops and correspond- ingly, with the highest volume of production. Mineral Resources Vegetable production is mostly for home consumption and grown in small scale. Marble is the most significant mineral deposit of Romblon and is the most Livestock development and poultry renowned product of the province. Based production is a viable smallscale enterprise on statistics, Romblon is the second biggest for farmers in the province. The provincial provincial marble producer of the country government maintains breeding facilities next to Bulacan. Romblon marble is of very in strategic locations provincewide to high quality and comes in shades of white, encourage farmers to engage in livestock green, pink, red and black. The Mines and poultry production to augment their and Geosciences Bureau has estimated income. Livestock and poultry manage- that Romblon is endowed with about 150 ment training and seminars is provided to million metric tons of marble. At current interested clients. rates of extraction, the supply may last for 26 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 28. three more centuries. Tablas Island is also percent of these road networks are located believed to have vast reserves of marble. in Tablas Island. By road category, majority are national roads with total length of Marble quarrying and processing are 311.046 kilometers, followed by provincial major activities in Romblon. Among the roads with 239.005 kilometers. There is no most common marble products are catego- available data for municipal and barangays rized into the following: novelty items (gifts, roads. By surface type, most of the roads ashtray, table bars), furniture (dining tables, were paved by gravel/earth, portions of baptismal fonts) and construction materials circumferential roads are also concrete as (tiles, balusters, marble chips). well as most roads in Poblacion. Other mineral resources with consider- The primary modes of land transportation able quantity include nickel ore and gold in the province are jeepneys, motorcy- mostly to be found in Sibuyan Island. cles, mini-buses and tricycles that serve Gold panning and smallscale mining is a inter-municipal movements and linkages. lucrative undertaking in the municipality of Motorized bancas provide transport means Magdiwang. from island to island. At present, there is an available domestic flight in Tablas Island Tourism to and from Manila three times a week. Romblon’s exotic blend of sun, sea and Roll-on/roll-off (RORO) ships facilitate forest, together with its peaceful and friendly movement outside the province via the port people make it an enchanting destination for of Batangas. nature and adventure travelers. Both local and international tourists can have their pick Water Supply of diverse and interesting places and activi- Out of 17 municipalities, 14 have Level III ties they can find in our 20 islands and islets. water supply systems serving about 32.57 The province has white sand beaches, secret percent of the total provincial households. coves and serene islets, waterfalls, historic Level III has a reservoir with house-to-house sites, old churches and caves believed to connections. Majority of households in the be ancient burial sites. Mt. Guiting-Guiting province were serviced by Levels II and I Natural Park in Sibuyan Island is a famous water system. Level I category is a common site for mountain climbing. Moreover, it is a facility where the community members get center for plant diversity and home to many their water supply from shallow wells and native, endangered and rare and vulnerable deep wells while Level II has a reservoir birds, mammals and reptiles. with communal faucet. Based on the 2007 CBMS report, the proportion of population 5. Infrastructure/Utilities/Facilities with access to safe drinking water is 76.28 percent. Road Network The coastal roads traversing the major Power Supply islands of Romblon, Sibuyan and Tablas Power supply is generated by the National Island form the backbone of the road Power Corporation (NPC) and serviced by network of the province. Roughly 70 two electric cooperatives. 27 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 29. Tablas Island Electric Cooperatives 6. Local Institutional Capability (TIELCO) serves the power needs of Tablas Island including the island municipality of Romblon has been reclassified as a third San Jose. As of 2006, TIELCO has a total class province as of CY 2002. A lone of 21,097 house connections. congressional district, it is made up of 17 municipalities and 219 barangays. Below Romblon Electric Cooperative is a list of the municipalities, the number of (ROMELCO) supplies the capital town of barangays and income classification. Romblon as well as Sibuyan Island. As of the year 2007, ROMELCO has 5,288 1. Romblon – 3rd class, the capital town house connections in Romblon and 5,150 comprising 31 barangays house connections in the three municipali- 2. Alcantara – 5th class municipality with ties located in Sibuyan Island or a total of 12 barangays 10,438 house connections in their franchise 3. Banton – 5th class municipality with 17 area. barangays 4. Cajidiocan – 4th class municipality with The Islands of Banton, Concepcion and 14 barangays Corcuera are attended to by the National 5. Calatrava – 5th class municipality with Power Corporation (NPC) through the 7 barangays municipal governments. 6. Concepcion – 6th class municipality with 9 barangays Telecommunications 7. Corcuera – 5th class municipality with The province has several operating 15 barangays telecommunication exchanges, namely: 8. Ferrol – 6th class municipality with 6 Kayumanggi, Romblontel, Odiongan barangays Telephone Corporation (OTELCO), the 9. Looc – 4th class municipality with 12 Telecommunication Office (TELOF), barangays Telegram System, Liberty Phone, Public 10. Magdiwang – 5th class municipality Calling Stations under the DOTC and the with 9 barangays Provincial Communication System (PCS) 11. Odiongan – 2nd class municipality radio transceivers and receivers. SMART with 25 barangays and GLOBE telecommunications have 12. San Agustin – 4th class municipality relay stations in the three urban centers of with 15 barangays Romblon, Odiongan and Cajidiocan. Most 13. San Andres – 5th class municipality areas in the province are already connected with 13 barangays through cellphones except in some places 14. San Fernando – 4th class municipality were the signal is weak or non-existent with 12 barangays because of towering mountains that block 15. San Jose – 6th class municipality with the signal. The triple peak in Santa Maria 5 barangays has a relay station for GMA, PLDT and 16. Santa Fe – 5th class municipality with Liberty Phones. 11 barangays 28 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 30. 17. Santa Maria – 5th class municipality with 6 barangays There are several banking facilities in the municipalities of Odiongan and Romblon. Rural banks facilitate loans and savings account in the municipalities without commercial banks like San Agustin, Looc, Alcantara, Santa Fe, Cajidiocan and San Fernando. Based on the latest report from the Romblon Police Office, the province is considered one of the most peaceful in the country with a minimal volume of crimes. It has maintained the peace and tranquility of the place and never contributed to the destabiliza- tion of the country. The local communist movement is hardly felt in any part of the province with no atrocity committed against government personnel or establishment. Syndicated crime groups and criminal gangs continue to be non-existent and crime incidents are more often non-index crimes. 29 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 31. Part 2. Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger Target 1.A : Halve between 1990 and Based on the report from the National Statisti- 2015, the proportion of people whose cal Coordination Board (NSCB), Romblon income is less than one dollar a day. ranked 10th poorest in 2000 (52.2%), 25th in both 2003 (37.5%) and 2006 (41.9%) among A. Status and Trends the 81 provinces of the country. According to the 2007 CBMS data, the proportion of Proportion of Population Below Poverty Threshold population below poverty threshold is a staggering 68.00 percent. The underlying The province of Romblon belongs to the 10 cause of widespread poverty in the province poorest provinces in the Philippines in 2000. is due to low economic returns as majority 30 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 32. of the people are marginal farmers Figure2. Proportion of Population Living Below Poverty Threshold and fishermen with very little income generated in traditional farming and fishing. By municipality, the LGU that posted the highest proportion of population below poverty threshold is Ferrol with 80.47 percent followed by Magdiwang with 78.93 percent. Ferrol is a 6th class municipality and most of the employees working in the LGU are residents of the neighboring more prosperous town of Odiongan. The municipality that recorded the lowest proportion in this indicator is Odiongan with 56.27 percent. Odiongan is the only municipality classified as second class LGU, and where the only SUC in the province is located. Table 5: Magnitude and Proportion of Households and Population Living Below Poverty Threshold, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Source: CBMS Database 2007 31 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 33. Figure 3. Proportion of Population Living Below Poverty Threshold Proportion of Population Living Below Food Threshold More than half (55.68%) of the Romblon’s popula- tion are living below food threshold. Ferrol ranked highest with 71.67 percent followed by Magdiwang with 68.96 percent. Odiongan has the lowest with 43.55 percent. Table 6: Magnitude and Proportion of Households and Population Living Below Food Threshold 32 Source: CBMS Database 2007 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 34. Poverty Gap Ratio Table 7: Poverty Gap Ratio, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 The poverty gap ratio or the mean distance separating the population from poverty line is only 0.34. This suggests that the people of the province are not without hope of overcoming poverty if they were to be given a perfectly targeted intervention to improve their economic status. On this indicator, San Andres posted the highest ratio of 0.6 while Corcuera and Santa Fe posted the lowest ratios of .26. San Andres is basical- ly an agricultural area with farmers and tenants. On the other hand, Corcuera is an island municipality where most inhabitants engage in fishing activities. Figure 4. Poverty Gap Ratio Source: CBMS Database 2007 33 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 35. Table 8: Employment Rate, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Source: CBMS Database 2007 Figure 6. Employment Rate Target 1.B: Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people Employment Rate Based on the 2007 CBMS data, employ- ment rate for the period is high at 97.73 percent for the province. Although most of the people in the province are employed, their jobs offer very little economic return. The LGU that posted the highest employment rate is Banton with 99.70 percent followed by Corcuera with 99.39 percent. Both are island municipalities whose major economic activi- ties are farming and fishing. San Andres has 34 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 36. Table 9: Magnitude and Proportion of Households and Population who Experienced Food Shortage, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Source: CBMS Database 2007 the lowest employment rate with 84.78 Figure 6. Proportion of Population who Experienced Food Shortage percent and posted the highest poverty gap ratio in the entire province. Majority of the people employed in San Andres are tenant farmers with very low income. Target 1.C: Halve between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger. Proportion of Population Who Experienced Food Shortage Based on the 2007 CBMS data, the province recorded a proportion of 3.02 percent of population who experi- enced food shortage. Considering 35 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 37. Table 10: Magnitude and Proportion of Underweight Children Under 5 Years of Age, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Source: CBMS Database 2007 the high proportion of poverty incidence, Prevalence of Underweight Children it is interesting to note that only a scant Under 5 years of Age proportion of the population experienced food shortage. This is due to the fact that In the case of the province of Romblon, the Romblon is blest with abundant natural indicator on the prevalence of underweight resources. One can get food in the forest, children under five years old shows a rivers and the vast surrounding seas. very promising trend. Based on the data from the Office of the Provincial Nutrition The LGUs that posted a two digit proportion Action Officer (PNAO), the malnutrition in this particular indicator are Magdiwang prevalence rate in 1991 for the province with 16.19 percent and San Fernando with was recorded at 20.02 percent. The figure 10.32 percent, both in Sibuyan Island. These had steadily gone down since. However, two municipalities have indigenous people with the implementation of the International living in the mountains and are dependent Reference Standard (IRS), a high 19.04 on traditional farming. The rest of the LGUs percent was recorded in 2003. Data from posted zero or a low proportion of below the PNAO record of the yearly Operation 5 percent. Timbang (OPT) has shown a gradual 36 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 38. Figure 7. Proportion of Underweight Children Under 5 Years of Age decrease on the malnutrition prevalence B. Current Policies and Programs rate since then. The elected officials of the province are Based on the 2007 CBMS data, prevalence very much aware that Romblon is among of underweight children under five years old the poorest provinces in the country. is recorded at 8.15 percent. The national Hence, most plans, program and activi- baseline data on this particular indicator ties prioritized in the 20 percent Annual is 34.5 percent and the national target for Development Fund (ADF) were geared 2015 is 17.3 percent. The current statistics towards the upliftment of the socioeconomic shows that the province’s data is below the condition of the people. The province and national target and will likely maintain this the LGUs have targeted the marginalized trend. At the municipal level, Magdiwang sector and provided them assistance in the registered the highest prevalence of form of livestock dispersal, vegetable seeds underweight children under five years old distribution and other livelihood opportuni- based on the 2007 CBMS data with 16.93 ties to help eradicate extreme poverty and percent. It was followed by Alcantara with hunger. For those people in crises situation 16.53 percent and Ferrol with 16.07 percent. and those affected by disaster or calamities, The municipality with the lowest prevalence the provincial and municipal governments rate is San Jose with only 1.52 percent. provided them with financial assistance 37 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 39. and materials to help them overcome their ent weather. Coupled with the fact that the dire situation. However, due to financial province is generally mountainous, develop- constraints, the provincial and local govern- ment initiatives are limited to smallscale ments can only provide very minimal economic enterprises, not enough to spur intervention and cannot really sustain the massive economic growth. Because of these effort as other priority needs have also to limitations, the province does not attract be given preference. outside investment that could generate more job opportunities for our people. The National Government has also launched the Hunger Mitigation program Another hindrance in our efforts to allevi- which the provincial and local governments ate poverty is the meager income derived is trying to institutionalize in their local from local sources. The province has no programs to help achieve national target. tax base to generate income aside from real property taxes which is scant; hence C. Challenges the province is very much dependent on its share of the Internal Revenue Allotment The primary challenge for economic (IRA). Because there are not enough funds development and the eradication of poverty to pursue relevant economic initiatives or and hunger is basically our geo-physical even provide pump priming activities for environment. Being archipelagic in nature, short term relief, the province and most accessibility to some island municipalities LGUs are hard pressed to make do of what is very difficult particularly during inclem- they can with their limited resources. 38 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 40. Supplemental Feeding Program for Malnourished Children Mrs. Gloria Elizabeth M. Merida –Nutrition Officer IV while holding the pot, while Mrs. Ara M. Magallon-Engineering Aide and Mrs. Estrella M.Galindez-office helper , watching. Although the province is technically poor implementation of the seven (7) because of the low income of most people, it is Philippine Plan of Action for Nutri- very pleased to report that malnutrition is an tion (PPAN) impact programs and area given priority and attention resulting to its facilitating activities were opera- low prevalence. This can be attributed to the tionalized provincewide. Under this relentless efforts of the provincial government, program, the Provincial Nutrition LGUs, as well as barangay officials in providing Committee was formed. Some of supplemental feeding for malnourished children. the facilitating factors that helped Feeding programs in the province are a concerted improve the malnutrition situation are: effort among stakeholders, thus, usually achiev- 1. Deployment of Barangay Nutrition ing the desired effect. The annual Nutrition Scholars (BNS) in all barangays Month celebration has proven to be an effective 2. Provision of prescribed salter-type advocacy mechanism that provides information weighing scales to all BNS province-wide on health and nutrition related issues. The local 3. Active involvement of PNC members Mr. Joey B. Morale-PNAO, watching the children falling in line to get „lugaw‰ 39 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 41. Mrs. Gloria Elizabeth Madali Merida (holding the banner)-Nutrition Officer IV, Mr. Joey B. Morales-PNAO (peach uniform) and others who cooperated/helped during the Mass Feeding including NGOs like the Red Cross and the Rural Improvement Clubs (RICs) in the ac- tivities 4. LGUs initiative to provide supplemental feeding to target pre-school children and pro- vision of financial assistance/income generat- ing project materials to prioritized families with malnourished children 5. Annual monitoring and evaluation of local level plan implementation in all municipalities 6. Active organization of Rural Improve- ment Clubs 7. Provision of Nutri-noodles, GRO biscuits and iodized salt to underweight pre-school children in all municipalities Children eating „lugaw‰ as prepared by the nutrition committee and staff 8. The parents of nutritionally deficient children were taught how to prepare simple yet nutritious food using locally available vegetables like malungay and camote tops. to correct imbalance diet. 40 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 42. Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education Target 2.A: Ensure that, by 2015, 12 years old were not captured. The male children everywhere, boys and girls proportion is slightly lower at 76.12 percent alike, will be able to complete a full compared to the 78.08 percent for girls. This course of primary schooling. means that more boys than girls do not attend primary education. There is no pronounced A. Status and Trends difference on data based on urbanity when it comes to elementary education. The munici- Proportion of Children Aged 6-12 Years Old Enrolled pality that registered the highest proportion in Elementary School of children enrolled in elementary schools are Looc and Alcantara with 81.40 and 81.08 Education data for Romblon has been percent respectively. Both municipalities erratic as the figure tends to go up and down are located in Tablas Island with relatively and vice versa for the past two decades. flat to gently rolling terrain. The lowest In 2007, data from CBMS reveals that the proportion was recorded by Cajidiocan with proportion of children aged 6-12 years old 73.6 percent, a mountainous municipality enrolled in elementary education is 77.06 in Sibuyan Island. The difficulty of going to percent. The low proportion could be due school by those living far from school is one to the specific age group, hence, those in of the reasons for the low participation rate elementary school whose age are above in this municipality. 41 41 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 43. Table 11: Proportion of Children Aged 6-12 Years Old Enrolled in Elementary School, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Source: CBMS Database 2007 Proportion of Children Aged 13-16 Years Old Figure 8 .Proportion of Children Aged 13-16 Years Old Enrolled in Elementary School Enrolled in High School For high school education, the propor- tion of children going to school age 13-16 is very low at 62.52 percent. Even if we consider those in high school whose age are more than 16 years old, the data is still low. Males in high school comprised 56.16 percent compared to the 69.49 percent females. Based on this data, a consider- able number of males in the province do not attend secondary education. The reason could be due to poverty - they opt to find work early to contribute to the family income, rather than continue higher education. In urban areas, there are 70.18 42 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 44. Table 12: Proportion of Children Aged 13-16 Years Old Enrolled in High School, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Source: CBMS Database 2007 percent of 13-16 years old youth who go to Figure 9 .Proportion of Children Aged 13-16 Years Old Enrolled in High School school while in rural areas, there are only 60.79 percent. This data also shows that more 13-16 years old in the rural areas do not attend secondary education. One reason could be the distance of secondary schools in the rural areas as each school serves about an average of 4 barangays (only 51 secondary schools serve the 219 barangays provincewide). The accessibility to the schools coupled with lack of pocket money could be the deterring factors for most 13-16 years old to attend secondary education in the rural areas. The municipal- ity that registered the highest proportion of participation rate is Concepcion with 81.67 percent, an island municipality farthest from 43 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 45. Table 13: Proportion of Children Aged 6-16 Enrolled in School, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Source: CBMS Database 2007 the provincial capital with gently rolling terrain. Four municipalities registered less Figure 10 .Proportion of Children Aged 6-16 Enrolled in School than 60 percent participation rate in this age bracket, Calatrava (52.66%), San Jose (55.10%), San Fernando (56.04%) and Cajidiocan (56.33%). With the exception of San Jose, the three LGUs are generally mountainous while the former is very near Boracay Island, hence, some youths are drawn to peddling goods to the tourists in the area, rather than continue their second- ary education. Proportion of Children Aged 6-16 Enrolled in School The proportion of 6-16 years old children enrolled in school is 88.86 percent. There are more schooling children in the urban 44 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 46. Table 14: Literacy Rate of 15-24 Year-Olds, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Source: CBMS Database 2007 areas (90.86%) compared to the 87.93 percent in the rural areas. Accessibility to Figure 11. Literacy rate of 15-24 year-olds school is a factor causing the disparity of enrollment. The town of Banton has the highest percentage (94.51%) of 6-16 years old schooling children. This is an island municipality with gently rolling terrain. The municipality with the least proportion is San Fernando with 84.54 percent, a mountain- ous municipality south of Sibuyan Island. An indigenous community is present in the island. Literacy Rate of 15-24 Year-Olds For ages 15-24 years old, the province recorded a 97.71 percent literacy rate, a bit higher than the national baseline and 45 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 47. 2003 figure of 96.6 percent. There is no On education services, the Department pronounced disparity for the urban and of Education also provides specialized rural areas when it comes to the literacy programs that cater for those with special indicator. The municipality of Alcantara needs, such as Special Education (SPED) registered the highest proportion for 15-24 for children with disabilities. However, SPED years literacy rate with 98.73 percent. A classes are only given in major urban areas trade school, Alcantara National Trade and not all special children can avail of the School (ANTS) is present in the municipal- service. Another program of the DepEd ity. Meanwhile, Concepcion hit the lowest Division of Romblon is the Alternative proportion with 93.36 percent. Learning System (ALS) which cater to those children that cannot really go to school for B. Current Policies and Programs some reasons. The education program in the country C. Challenges is national based. However, with the implementation of the Local Govern- The major challenge in achieving ment Code of 1991 (RA 7160) the Local universal education is poverty. Parents Government Units were given authority to who cannot buy the necessary needs of implement education related programs by the children such as bags, notebooks, giving them authority to levy funds in the papers and pencils, are more prone to form of the Special Education Fund (SEF) defer sending their children to school. which is taken from real property taxes. More likely, the children themselves With the national policy for free education would not like to go to school if their for both elementary and high school and parents themselves do not encourage the augmentation of funds from SEF for the them to enroll. With this kind of environ- local government units, the national and ment, the children are discouraged to local government units are empowered study and if they skip school for a year, to provide the necessary intervention to most likely, they would not go to school achieve universal primary education. anymore. There is also the problem of great distance from school. Some parents To achieve this goal, numerous national are reluctant to send their small children and local initiatives were implemented. to school because they have to walk There was the Third Elementary Education great distances and have to wake up by Program (TEEP) which includes construction dawn to prepare so that they will not be of new classroom, renovation of dilapidated late. There are instances that they have elementary school buildings, procurement to climb mountains and cross rivers in of tables and chairs including provision of order to reach school. This is usually the textbooks. There was also the Secondary case for secondary education where one Education Development and Improvement institution caters to around 4 to 5 remote Program (SEDIP) which likewise provided barangays. These aggravating circum- for construction and improvement of stances sometimes led to negative attitude secondary schools with counterpart from towards going to school and eventually the LGU. led to school dropouts. 46 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 48. School-Community collaboration reduces student dropouts and improves academic performance Initiatives on policies and programs aimed to take up concerns with a reduce dropouts and improve academic perfor- parent whose child needs mance are being sustained by the DepEd Division special follow up. Office of Romblon. Initial gains in the improve- ment of student academic achievement as mea- Adopt a Student Pro- sured by the National Achievement Test (NAT) gram. LGU officials, teach- Mean Percentage Score and in the reduction of ers and generous community members help student absences and eventual dropouts are at- avert students from dropping out by providing tributed by the teachers to the much-improved miscellaneous fees, school supplies or lodging learning environment. Modest initial gains in- house especially for needy students from outlying clude 6.2 and 0.6 incremental improvements of barangays. Since the program’s introduction in the MPS in the second year and fourth year NAT early years of Calatrava National High School results respectively in 2006 and 2007. Reduction when it was still Calatrava Community High of student dropouts on the other hand is initially School, on the average, 25 student beneficiaries indicated by a 2.27% dropout rate in SY 2005- are assisted annually. 2006 from 5.0% in SY 2004-2005. Supplementary Values Teaching. To reinforce “Pagpasok mo, bantay ko” (PMBK) is an at- regular values education classes, religious groups tendance tracking mechanism where a student are accommodated to conduct 30-minute teach- leader is assigned as an attendance monitor of a ings offered to students on voluntary basis during particular group of students in a particular subject lunch break. This school year, the Lamp Founda- area. The attendance report is consolidated by the tion has sustained its Monday to Thursday teach- attendance monitor and submitted to the class ings particularly offered to First Year students. adviser who addresses observed problems on ab- sences or cutting of classes. When needed, a case Class Enhancement Program. Additional is a subject of a teacher-parent dialogue during 20 minutes of daily enhancement activities the quarterly homeroom PTCA meeting. PMBK except on Fridays are spent to reinforce ear- was introduced in 2006 and has been sustained lier developed competencies in Science, Math over the last two years. and English. The intention is to reinforce the identified least learned competencies based on Quarterly Homeroom PTCA meetings. formative and summative tests. These are on Each homeroom organizes a homeroom PTCA. top of the regular teaching to introduce and A quarterly meeting is conducted in time with develop new competencies in the three subject the release of student report cards as a forum for areas. The program was introduced as a Division parents to get feedback on their children’s school initiative in June 2002 and has been sustained performance and for the homeroom adviser to over the last six years. 47 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 49. Goal 3: Promote Gender Equality and enrollment in the 6-12 age bracket as Target 3.A: Eliminate gender disparity compared to the female data. The munici- in primary and secondary education, pality of San Jose recorded the highest ratio preferably by 2005, and in all levels of of 0.98 percent while Concepcion the lowest education no later than 2015. with 0.80 percent. There is no discernable disparity for the data based on urbanity. A. Status and Trends Ratio of Girls to Boys in Secondary Education Ratio of Girls to Boys in Primary Education On the other hand, the ratio of girls to With regards to gender equality, the boys in secondary education is 1.03 despite data for Romblon shows that for the ratio the higher male population in the 13-16 of girls to boys in primary education, it is age group compared to female popula- 0.90 because of the higher male population tion. The data reveals that there are more 48 48 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 50. Figure 12. Ratio of girls to boys in primary education Table 15: Ratio of Girls to Boys in Primary Education, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 female students in high school, suggesting that more males in the 13-16 age bracket does not enroll in secondary education or more males are dropping out of school. The municipality that registered the highest ratio is Santa Maria with 1.17 while the lowest is Banton with 0.80. The data for Banton is understandable as there is a considerable number of male population (284 males against 225 females) and enrollment (201 males as against 173 females) in the 13-16 age bracket. There is no discernable dispar- ity in the urbanity data for this particular indicator. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Tertiary Education Likewise, the ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education is 1.14 for the province. Source: CBMS Database 2007 49 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 51. Figure 13. Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education Table 16: Ratio of Girls to Boys in Secondary Education, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 The data shows that more females are enrolled in tertiary education than males. This further reiterates the trend that more boys stayed out of school as they grow old. The municipality that recorded the highest ratio is Santa Maria with 1.86 while Concepcion recorded the least ratio of 0.43. Ratio of Literate Females to Literate Males Aged 15-24 Years Old Another indicator on gender equality is the ratio of literate females to males age 15-24. On this indicator, the ratio is 0.88 for the province. The reason for the lower ratio is the much higher male population for the 15-24 age bracket which is 22,381 males against 19,573 females. The municipality Source: CBMS Database 2007 50 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 52. Figure 14. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Tertiary Education Table 18: Ratio of Literate Females to Literate Males Aged 15-24 Years Old, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 that registered the highest ratio is Santa Maria with 0.97 while Corcuera registered the lowest ratio of 0.74. The data for urban area is slightly higher at 0.94 compared to the rural area at 0.86. Proportion of Seats Held by Women in the Munici- pality and Province When it comes to the proportion of seats held by women in the province, the propor- tion is only 26.37 percent. The municipality that registered the highest proportion is the municipality of San Agustin with 36.92 percent while the lowest was registered by San Jose with a scant proportion of 18 Source: CBMS Database 2007 51 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 53. Figure 15. Ratio of Literate Females to Literate Males Aged 15-24 Years Old Table 19: Proportion of Seats Held by Women in the Municipality and Province 2007 percent. In the political arena, the data reveals that in the province, it is dominated by male politicians. The reason for this is that majority of our women still believe that holding public office is more of a male occupation and that women’s first priority is the home and family. B. Current Policies and Programs Although the current national policy is education for all, there seems to be a gender bias in favor of girls attending education in the province. The preceding indicators showed that more males are dropping out of school and not pursuing higher education, particularly in the 13-16 52 Source: DILG Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 54. Figure 16. Proportion of Seats Held by Women in the Municipality and Province age group and in the tertiary education. The concept of more males wielding In the province, this is due to the fact that power, be it at home or in the work more males opt to work rather than continue place, has been the practice in the to a higher education to contribute to the past century. While equal rights is income of the family. Provision of livelihood enshrined in the Philippine constitution, projects to augment family income and in practice, women submit to men as short term technical and practical courses the country adheres to the Christian would encourage some of them to at least teaching that wives should submit to finish high school. However, studies must their husbands. To promote Gender be made to determine the real underly- Equality and Women Empowerment, ing causes of this trend so that adequate both the national and local govern- interventions or policies can be made to ment units have implemented Gender address this problem. and Development (GAD) projects. The 53 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 55. Gender Sensitivity Training Seminar has ers/virgins or as temptress/sinners in most been streamlined in the DSWD Program advertisement and all their services have gender 5. wife beating, rape, incest, and sexual component. Aside from this, various harassment Gender Advocacy Activities are in place, in order to orient the women on their C. Challenges rights. Gender Advocacy is a bit slow due to accessibility problems in remote Filipinos being God-fearing people and areas that post a challenge to provide steep in patriarchal tradition posed the this type of service. However, currently, major challenge in achieving the goal. In massive efforts to promote Gender most of the rural areas, it is still the men Equality can be gleaned in government who are the head of the family, meaning, initiatives such as the Women’s Desk they decide for the family even if it is the and the Violence Against Women and women who earn the family income. This their Children (VAWC) seminars, up to has been the practice of past generations barangay level. During yearly conven- and the concept of gender equality is tion under the DSWD and Kalipunan still novel. There are still plenty of cases ng Liping Pilipina (KALIPI) program, of women’s abuse such as battered symposium about Gender Sensitivity is women and rape cases all throughout the continually made part of the featured province, hence, there is still a need to activities. This is the ultimate direction of vigorously disseminate gender laws and our LGU to combat the existing manifes- advocate for women to assert themselves, tations of gender bias to wit: particularly housewives who do not earn 1. lower wages, last hired-first fired policy, a living. It is also a big challenge how little or no access to loans to reach these marginalized women 2. women concentrated in low positions in and another bigger challenge how to bureaucracy, few women in policy-making empower them in order for them to be level able to enjoy parity rights with their male 3. child care and household responsibili- counterparts. All of these forms of gender ties shouldered mainly by women on top bias are hindrances to development, thus, of regular working hours outside the home the challenge is to address these issues in 4. women portrayed either as homemak- every program implementation. 54 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 56. Goal 4: Reduce Child Mortality Target 4.A: Reduce by two-thirds, has the highest proportion of 0 to less between 1990 and 2015, the under-five than 5 years old who died with 24 deaths mortality ratio (1.63%) followed by Ferrol with 8 deaths (1.10%). These two municipalities have A. Status and Trends no hospitals and only a Rural Health Unit provides health services to the people. The Proportion of Children Aged 0 to Less Than 5 Years municipalities that registered the lowest Old Who Died proportion of 0 to less than 5 years old who died is San Jose with a proportion of 0.16 Out of the total 29,728 children aged 0 to percent and San Andres with a proportion less than 5 years old in the province, there of 0.18 percent or a magnitude of 2 and were 166 who died giving a 0.56 percent 3 deaths, respectively. Male deaths are proportion. The data for the province is a slightly higher at 0.63 percent than the bit high because of cases of diarrhea and female deaths at 0.47 percent. In terms of some communicable or infectious diseases urbanity, rural areas registered a higher with acute respiratory infection as among proportion of 0.58 percent compared to the top leading cause of morbidity, followed urban areas of 0.45 percent. This could be by bronchitis and diarrhea. Magdiwang due to the accessibility of health facility in the urban areas. 55 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 57. Table 20: Magnitude and Proportion of Children aged 0 to Less Than 5 Years Old who Died, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Source: CBMS Database 2007 Figure 17. Proportion of Children Aged 0 to Less than 5 years old who Died Proportion of Infants who Died On the proportion of infant deaths, the province reported a magnitude of 96 out of the 5,221 children aged 0 to less than 1 year old or a proportion of 1.81 percent. Based on the report from the Provincial Health Office, Sepsis Neonatorum and Sudden Infant Death are among the top leading causes of infant mortality. Again, the municipalities that recorded the highest proportions are Magdiwang with 19 deaths out of 280 children aged 0 to less than 1 year old or a staggering proportion of 6.35 percent, followed by Ferrol with 7 deaths out of 144 or a proportion of 4.64 percent. The municipality that registered the lowest 56 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 58. Table 21: Magnitude and Proportion of Infants who Died, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Source: CBMS Database 2007 infant death is San Andres with 1 death out Figure 18. Proportion of Infants who Died of 225 or a proportion of 0.44 percent. On gender, male proportion of infant death is higher at 2.09 percent compared to the female data of 1.50 percent. On urbanity, rural areas registered a slightly higher proportion of 1.73 percent as compared to the 1.6 registered by the urban areas. Proportion of Children Aged 1 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died On the proportion of children aged 1 to less than 5 years old who died, the province registered 70 deaths out of 24,507 popula- tions or a proportion of 0.28 percent. The 57 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 59. Table 22: Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 1 to Less Than 5 Years Old who Died, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Source: CBMS Database 2007 municipality that registered the highest Figure 19. Proportion of Children Aged 1 to Less than 5 Years Old Who Died death for this particular age group is Santa Fe with 11 deaths out of 1,603 population or a proportion of 0.68 percent followed by Alcantara with 0.45 and Magdiwang with 0.43 percent. Two municipalities registered no deaths aged 1 to less than 5 years old: Concepcion and San Jose. Meanwhile, there is a slightly higher propor- tion registered for male at 0.31 percent compared to the female proportion of 0.26 percent. For urbanity, the proportion for rural area is higher at 0.31 percent while only 0.18 percent in urban area. Again, the proximity of the health facility in the urban area could be the reason for the much lower proportion of deaths in urban areas. 58 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 60. B. Current Policies and Programs (BEMONC) facilities. Municipal Health Officers (MHOs) are also advocating for The provincial officials have prioritized facility-based birthing to avoid unnecessary health services as evidenced by the many birth complications that could reduce, if not health related programs and projects being eliminate, neonatal deaths. implemented provincewide. Currently, the Provincial Government is implementing the C. Challenges Provincewide Investment Plan for Health (PIPH) with a grant from the European The provincial government operates 8 Commission (EC) to finance the much hospitals in the province. Because the needed Health Reform Program. The LGUs province is dependent on the IRA, there are also aggressively advocating for the is a budgetary constraint particularly in enrollment of indigents to the Philippine the provision of medicines and health Health Insurance Corporation (PhilHealth). personnel. The province has to divide Under the PIPH, priority programs are its meager resources in the operation the upgrading of health facilities into a of the 8 hospitals. At the LGU level, the Comprehensive Emergency Obstetric and rural health units are having difficulty in Newborn Care (CEMONC) and Basic providing basic health care because of Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care inadequate health facilities. 59 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 61. Cajidiocan Barangay Health Station (BHS) Full Fix Project The project seeks to revitalize and refur- The project brings into light the impor- bish all BHSs into full functional facilities tance and usefulness of integrating a primary which are able to provide complete basic health care approach, bringing healthcare as health services to the community as well as close as possible to the people and ensuring birthing facilities in identified barangays. availability, accessibility and affordability Key elements of the project are as follows: of promotive, preventive, curative and reha- 1. Establishment of functional BHS that bilitative services. Health workers and ba- meets the health needs of community mem- rangays leaders are now empowered as they bers; are trained and are mainly involved in this 2. Better health outcomes, specially im- endeavor. It promotes maximum community proved maternal and child health indices; and individual self reliance and participation 3. Health-empowered, educated and self- in the planning, organization, operation and reliant community; control of health programs in the barangay. 4. Institution of better, efficient, orga- Ultimately, it will contribute to the attain- nized health and referral system within ment of MDG targets of reducing child mor- communities. tality and improving maternal health. 60 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 62. Goal 5: Improve Maternal Health Target 5.A: Reduce by three quarters, highest proportion of women deaths due between 1990 and 2015, the maternal to pregnancy related causes is Concepcion mortality ratio with a proportion of 1.72 percent while the municipality that registered the highest A. Status and Trends number of deaths is San Fernando with a magnitude of three deaths. Nine municipali- Proportion of Women Deaths Due to Pregnancy- ties registered no deaths due to pregnancy Related Causes related causes. On urbanity, there is no pronounced disparity between the rural and Based on CBMS data, the province urban area when it comes to this indicator. recorded a magnitude of 12 women deaths due to pregnancy-related causes in 2007, Target 5.B: Achieve by 2015, universal registering a proportion of 0.23. The reason access to reproductive health for the high occurrence of maternal deaths is due to lack of adequate health facility and Proportion of Couples Who Use Contraception apparatus, such as life support system and other modern technology that could prevent On contraceptive prevalence rate, the loss of lives. provincial data for the same period showed The municipality that registered the a proportion of 32.08. This shows that 61 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 63. Table 23: Magnitude and Proportion of Women Deaths due to Pregnancy Related Causes, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Source: CBMS Database 2007 majority of the couples in the province do Figure 20. Proportion of Women Deaths due to Pregnancy-Related Causes not practice any family planning method. The provincial data is much lower than the national benchmark of 40 percent prevalence rate in 1993 and 50.7 percent in 2008. The municipality that registered the highest contraceptive prevalence rate in the province is Odiongan with a propor- tion of 46.43 while San Fernando registered the lowest proportion of 19.64 percent. The municipality of Odiongan is a 2nd class municipality with the most number of population as well as the most urbanized municipality in the province. San Fernando on the other hand is relatively parochial with remote barangays. 62 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 64. Table 24: Magnitude and Proportion of Couples who Use Contraception, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Source: CBMS Database 2007 B. Current Policies and Programs Figure 21. Proportion of Couples who Use Contraception The national government together with the local health functionaries is implement- ing the policy of facility-based birthing to address maternal health concerns. Measures have been undertaken to ensure that all deliveries should be attended by trained health personnel. Efforts to train all “hilots” provincewide were facilitated by the Center for Health Development (CHD) IV-B and the Provincial Health Office (PHO) to reduce maternal deaths as well as neonatal deaths. All hospitals under the provincial government are equipped to handle obstetric emergencies including caesarean operations. With the European 63 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 65. Commission (EC) grant under the FOURmu- neonatal deaths. This can be attributed to la One (F1) for Health program, the provin- the inadequacy of modern facilities in the cial government is currently implementing province, particularly diagnostic facilities a provincewide health investment plan and life support system for dire conditions. designed to upgrade health facilities includ- Moreover, the absence of specialized ing the Rural Health Units (RHUs). Under the medical practitioners in times of compli- program, all hospitals will be upgraded into cated situations is another concern as the a standard CEMONC facility and the RHUs province cannot afford to employ them. into a standard BEMONC facility. Currently, On the side of the populace, there are the province has started an initiative on still pregnant women who refuse to seek massive training of medical staff as well as prenatal check-up and engage untrained non-health personnel to enhance delivery hilots during delivery. There is still a need of health services in the province. for massive information dissemination to the community on the risk involved regarding Local initiatives to improve maternal maternal health in order to achieve a 100 health care includes the deputizing of percent prenatal/post-partum consultations Barangay Health Workers (BHWs) to and facility based deliveries. High-Risk monitor pregnant women in their areas pregnancies, including old age and short and make sure that they submit themselves birth spacing also pose a challenge. to pre-natal check-ups. The MHOs and midwives schedule area visits to barangays Although the concept of family planning to conduct examinations on a regular basis. has been institutionalized in the maternal Both provincial and municipal local govern- health care packages and reproductive ment units are also pursuing Philhealth health services, acceptance of the program accreditation of health facilities so that continued to be lukewarm. In the province, health services will be more accessible to most people, particularly the members of the poor members of the community. Enroll- the marginalized sector, still believe that ment to the Philhealth Sponsorship Program children are wealth, hence, the more the for indigents are also given attention so that better, without giving thought on how to the less fortunate can readily avail of health feed them and provide them proper health services/facilities through the Philippine coverage and education. On the other Health Insurance Corporation (PHIC). hand, for those people who wanted to avail of certain family planning commodities, C. Challenges shortage of supply are also noted in certain Family Planning Centers because of limited Despite the efforts of both the national funds of the LGUs to procure these goods. and local governments to provide basic There is also the issue of the church against maternal health care services, there are contraceptives and some elective officials still cases of maternal deaths as well as are reluctant to go against the church. 64 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 66. With the implementation of the Province- wide Investment Plan for Health (PIPH), there is a massive promotion of innovative practices that may be replicated in the prov- ince. The doctors and health practitioners in the province participated in several “Lakbay Aral” to see the best practices and innova- tive approaches on health related initiatives of other provinces. Some MHOs are trying to duplicate these undertakings in their re- spective areas of responsibilities. Cajidiocan Buntis Baby Bank Project The Buntis Baby Bank (BBB) Project aims to achieve better maternal health outcomes by encouraging mothers to avail of complete and quality maternal care thru prenatal check-ups as well as facilitate postnatal visits. BBB functions by assigning a “baby bank” made of bamboo to all pregnant mothers seeking pre- natal care at the RHU. Every visit to the RHU, the mother is reminded to drop their savings to their bank. Relatives, friends, RHU staff, LGU officials or any person willing to drop any amount are encouraged to do so until delivery date. The mother is required to deliver either at the RHU or hospital. Home deliveries forfeit the mother’s withdrawal of the savings. The project encouraged more prenatal visits especially from mothers in their 1st trimester. Risk of maternal mortality and neonatal mortal- ity has been decreased through implementation of facility-based deliveries. The health financing scheme has assisted the mothers financially to prepare for a safe delivery. With the success of the project in the mu- nicipalities, other LGUs are also signifying their intent to replicate the BBB scheme. In the mu- nicipality of Cajidiocan, four (4) barangays also adopted the Buntis Baby Bank Project. 65 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 67. Goal 6: Combat HIV/ AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases Target 6.A: Have halted by 2015 and total 13,379 couples practicing family begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS planning based on CBMS 2007 data. The national statistic is 1.6 percent in A. Status and Trends 2006. The municipality that recorded the highest proportion of couples using Proportion of Couples Using Condom Among Those condom among those who are practic- who are Practicing Contraception ing contraception is Magdiwang with 3.93 percent while the municipality HIV/AIDS cases in the province is that registered the lowest proportion is basically nil or non-existent as there Calatrava with 0.20 percent. Couples in is no case recorded by the Provincial the province are basically not worried Health Office. With regard to data about being infected with Sexually- on the proportion of couples using Transmitted Disesases (STDs) since most condom among those who are practicing of them are faithful to their partners. For contraception, the province recorded urban areas, the proportion of couples a very negligible proportion of 1.45 using condom among those practicing percent or a magnitude of 194 out of a family planning is visibly higher at a 66 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 68. Table 25: Magnitude and Proportion of Couples Using Condom Among Those who are Practicing Contraception, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Source: CBMS Database 2007 Figure 22. Proportion of Couples Using Condom Among Those who are Practicing Contraception 2.17 percent proportion compared to the proportion of 1.29 percent for rural areas. Target 6.C: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases Death rates associated with malaria Based on the report from the Provincial Health Office, the province has been declared malaria-free for several years already. However, CBMS data recorded a magnitude of 5 deaths—3 males and 2 females—out of the total population of 67 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 69. Table 26. Magnitude and Proportion of Deaths Associated with Malaria, by 252,690 or a proportion of Sex, by Municipality 1.98 percent. The reason for this is that, local folks have no knowledge regard- ing the disease and may have associated chills and high fever with malaria and responded to the survey with such belief. According to the MHOs, since it is not an ordinary illness but rather a technical term and needs thorough medical examina- tions, caution should be exercised in asking them survey questions. Death certificates that state the Source: CBMS Database 2007 cause of death need to be presented to avoid misunderstanding. to the attitude of the people of ignoring the Death Rates Associated with Tuberculosis symptoms and not seeking early treatment. Figure 23. Death rates associated with Malaria Santa Maria had the highest proportion with 8 out of 7,163, or a staggering proportion of 111.56 percent followed by Alcantara with 12 deaths out of 12,330 (97.23%). Only San Andres did not register any deaths associated with tuberculosis. On this particular indicator, data shows that there are more male deaths associated with the disease at a proportion of 61.83 percent, almost double the proportion of 31.19 percent registered by female deaths. This is probably due to the fact that more males drink alcohol and take cigarettes than females, and cause to aggravate On prevalence and death rates associat- the illness, resulting to more cases and ed with tuberculosis, the province registered eventually may lead to mortality. The a total magnitude of 118 deaths—79 males current status shows that there is a consid- and 39 females—out of the 252,690 popula- erable magnitude of people infected with tion or a very high proportion of 46.68 tuberculosis as the proportion of deaths percent. The high proportion of deaths implied. But the LGUs/RHUs need to verify associated with tuberculosis is attributed these findings so as to properly document 68 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 70. Table 27: Magnitude and Proportion of Deaths Associated with Tuberculosis, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Source: CBMS Database 2007 the cases—from containing the disease to Figure 24. Death rates associated with tuberculosis curing those infected—and considerably lower the prevalence and death associated with tuberculosis by 2015. For urbanity, the proportion for rural areas is much higher at 48.00 percent compared to the urban proportion of only 40.10 percent. This could be due to the fact that cases in the urban areas are easily monitored than in the rural areas. B. Current Policies and Programs The national government has a long term policy on treatment and cure of communicable diseases including malaria, tuberculosis and dengue. The Center for Health Development provides medicines 69 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 71. and logistics support to local governments this stage, it is already too late. At this point, to combat these diseases. The LGUs on the sometimes death is inevitable because the other hand implement these programs and body’s resistance is already gone. The try to contain cases and provide curative “bahala na” (come what may) attitude that treatment. The RHUs conduct sputum and/ consigns their fate to God sometime hinders or x-ray tests and provide treatment to those the immediate provision of treatment that with positive results. can prevent loss of life. This is one of the tough challenges for the LGUs and the C. Challenges province to surmount, and to effectively provide the necessary intervention to those Although tuberculosis is now a curable in need of medical attention. disease, it is sad to note that there are still plenty of cases of death associated Another challenge relative to the issue with the disease. One major hindrance in is how to encourage the people to submit fully implementing the tuberculosis control themselves for sputum test. People in program is the attitude of the people remote areas tend to be unaware of the themselves, particularly those in remote varied health services provided by the barangays, of ignoring the symptoms government. Likewise, poverty also played associated with tuberculosis. Unless the a major role in their choice of not availing patient actually coughs blood, most people the services as they really have to spend showing symptoms of the disease do not money for transportation expenses and seek consultation and just go on with their minimal amount for the sputum test. These daily lives, as if everything is fine. Hence, if reasons discourage the really poor people the disease is already at its worst stage with to seek medical intervention even if they complications, even if they seek treatment at suspect that they are ill. LGU Health Scorecard With the implementation of the PIPH, there is a massive information campaign on improv- ing health statistics through LGU scorecards that shows each municipality’s past and current standing on program implementation. This en- courages those that do not fare well to improve their standing by closely scrutinizing the causes and reasons for such lower accomplishments and exploring ways to improve them. RHUs are also encouraged to seek accreditation to be a Tuber- culosis Directly Observed Treatment Scheme (TB DOTS) center to better provide rehabilita- tive intervention to patients with tuberculosis. 70 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 72. Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 7.C: Halve by 2015, the The municipality that registered the highest proportion of people without sustainable proportion is Alcantara with a proportion of access to safe drinking water and basic 92.19 percent. On the other hand, Banton sanitation registered the lowest proportion with only 46.63 percent, showing that more than A. Status and Trends half of its population has no access to safe drinking water, followed by Cajidiocan Proportion of Population With Access to Safe with a proportion of 53.41 percent, or a Drinking water population magnitude of 2,379 and 10,591 respectively. The scarcity of water in the CBMS database 2007 reveals that the island municipality of Banton is a perennial magnitude of population with access to safe problem while Cajidiocan has some water drinking water in the province is 192,647 sources but needs massive logistics support (76.28%). For urbanity, accessibility to safe to tap them for household consumption. drinking water is better at the urban areas With careful allocation of resources to (89.07%) compared to the 73.37 percent finance water development initiatives, the recorded for the rural areas. Available data province has a big chance in attaining the at the national level is 80.2 percent in 2004. national target of 86.5 percent come 2015. 71 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 73. Table 28: Magnitude and Proportion of Households and Population With Access to Safe Drinking Water, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Source: CBMS Database 2007 Figure 25. Proportion of Population with Access to Safe Drinking Water Proportion of Population With Access to Sanitary Toilet Facility On access to sanitary toilet facility, the provincial data revealed that there are 180,268 magnitude of population with access to sanitary toilet facility representing a proportion of 71.38 percent. Available national data for 2004 is 86.2 percent. Like in water access, the data for the proportion of population with access to sanitary toilet facility is more than 10 percent higher in the urban areas with a proportion of 81.47 percent compared to the 70.03 percent proportion for the rural areas. The munici- pality that posted that highest proportion 72 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 74. Table 29: Magnitude and Proportion of Households and Population With Access to Sanitary Toilet Facility, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Source: CBMS Database 2007 is Concepcion with 89.36 Figure 26. Proportion of Population With Access to Sanitary Toilet Facility percent followed by Banton with 80.60 percent. Lowest proportion was posted by San Jose with 58.02 percent and Corcuera with 58.36 percent. With massive information campaign on the importance of having sanitary toilet facility to avoid diseases, there is a possibility that we can improve on this indicator to contribute to the national target of 83.8 percent come 2015. 73 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 75. Table 30: Magnitude and Proportion of Households and Population Who Are Informal Settlers, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Source: CBMS Database 2007 Figure 27. Proportion of Population who are Informal Settlers Target 7.D: By 2020, to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers Proportion of Population Who are Informal Settlers Categorically, there are no slum dwellers in the province. What it has instead are informal settlers. The CBMS definition of informal settlers are those living in houses without permission from the land owner. Based on the data, there are 2,854 Romblomanons (1.13%) in 601 households considered as informal settlers. There is a discernable difference in urbanity with the proportion in urban areas slightly higher at 1.48 percent compared to the 0.97 percent proportion for rural areas. 74 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 76. Table 31: Magnitude and Proportion of Households and Population Lliving in Makeshift Housing, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Source: CBMS Database 2007 Magdiwang registered the highest propor- Figure 28. Proportion of Population who are Living in Makeshift Housing tion of informal settlers with 6.39 percent, followed by Santa Fe with a proportion of 2.38 percent. Majority of the informal settlers in Magdiwang can be found along the wharf and surrounding the coastal areas. The local chief executive (LCE) of Magdiwang has already provided intervention of relocating some of these families in a housing resettle- ment area. Corcuera is the only municipality with no informal settlers. Proportion of Population who are Living in Makeshift housing Makeshift housing refers to those houses built from scrap or salvage materials. On 75 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 77. Source: CBMS Database 2007 this particular indicator, there are 5,344 Figure 29. Proportion of Population Living in Inadequate Housing Conditions members (2.12%) in 1,173 households living in makeshift housing. Concepcion registered the highest proportion with households living in makeshift housing with 4.66 percent. Concepcion is an island municipality and farthest from the provincial capital. Most of these people are marginal farmers and fishermen with no alternative or additional sources of income, hence, cannot really afford to buy durable materials for their houses. The lowest proportion in this indicator was recorded at Banton with a meager proportion of 0.37 percent. The reason for this is that there are a lot of members living abroad who send remittances to 76 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 78. their relatives in the province as well as To reverse the loss of environmental resourc- the many professionals in the municipality, es, the provincial government implemented particularly teachers. several programs, such as the Romblon Integrated Coastal and Marine Resources Proportion of Population Living in Inadequate Management for Sustainable Development Housing Conditions (RICMRM). Under the program, each local government unit is encouraged to provide People living in inadequate living for a marine sanctuary and rehabilitate the conditions are in one or more of the mangroves to sustain marine life. Likewise, following conditions: without access to LGUs are encouraged to implement a Solid safe drinking water, without access to Waste Management Program to make sure sanitary toilet facility, living in makeshift that waste are properly disposed and does housing and without security of tenure. not pose a threat to the community and The 2007 CBMS data revealed that the environment. In addition, the province 108,901 of the Romblomanons (43.12%) continuously support the Community Forest are having inadequate living conditions Resource Management Program and discour- of which more of them are found in rural aged the “kaingin system” (slash and areas (46.18%) as against the 26.45 burn) way of farming to preserve the water percent in the urban areas. Due to the resources and watershed areas. problem of water access in Banton, the municipality likewise registered the On water accessibility, the local govern- highest proportion of population living in ments have been pursuing spring develop- inadequate situation (58.96%), followed ment initiatives, including provision of by Corcuera with 56.94 percent and artesian wells to provide water access to Cajidiocan with 55.57 percent. The three most of the households. Every year, the municipalities showed that more than half province allocates a certain amount under of their population is living in inadequate the 20 percent ADF for water supply facili- living condition. However, if accessibility ties and monitors the Rural Water Supply to water and sanitation is addressed, Sanitation Sector Project (RW3SP) program this indicator would greatly improve. The of the national government to rehabilitate municipality that registered the lowest the facilities. On the other hand, sanitary proportion in this indicator is Alcantara toilet facilities are periodically assessed with 25.01 percent. by local sanitary inspectors and are being monitored by the Provincial Health Office. B. Current Policies and Programs All these programs/projects/activities The local governments in the province are being undertaken by the local govern- have always prioritized programs and ments to make sure that their constituents projects that would have a direct impact are well provided with the basic services on the three targets under environmental that would improve the general welfare of sustainability as can be gleaned in the the people and relieve the impoverishment projects implemented under the Annual experienced by the marginalized sector of Development Plan. the community. 77 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 79. C. Challenges local governments cannot afford to embark into massive infrastructure for Inadequate financial resources is the sustainable water facility and this remains major hindrance in providing the basic to be the major concerns of the people services for the people and improving in this areas. With water problem comes their situation. The local government can the sanitation concern for toilet facili- only prioritize certain programs but cannot ties. In the absence of water, the local implement all the necessary interventions government cannot implement an effective to make life easier for everybody. In campaign for sanitary toilet facilities, as the case of island municipalities, water they go hand-in-hand. For municipalities scarcity is almost a year-round problem, with water problem, these two indicators particularly for those households whose are the challenges that need to be given main water source is rain collector. The solution. Waste Segregation Management The municipality of Odiongan The Sangguniang Bayan of Odi- heeded the call to give priority to ongan passed several ordinances the environment by implementing a to wit: waste segregation scheme as early as the late 1990s. Biodegradable and • SB Resolution No. 2009-13 non-biodegradable waste were col- and Ordinance No. 2009-5 – or- lected separately on specific sched- dinance prohibiting plastic bags ules then brought to a controlled on dry goods and regulating its dumpsite. Later, the LGU was able utilization on wet goods and pro- to establish a sanitary land fill, an hibiting the use of styrofoam in organic fertilizer plant and several the municipality and prescribing materials recovery facilities. To date, penalties thereof. Odiongan is the only municipality • SB Resolution No. 2009-24 – in the province with a Solid Waste ordinance creating the Municipal Management Plan. Waste Management Board Contributed by: Rosebi Agaloos, MPDC, LGU-Odiongan 78 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 80. Goal 8: Develop a Global Partnership for Development Target 8.a: In cooperation with wigan of Romblon passed Resolution pharmaceutical companies, provide No. 02-2009-12 embodying Provincial access to affordable essential drugs in Ordinance No. 2 series of 2009, institu- developing countries tionalizing the “Botika ng Lalawigan ng Romblon” (BLR) to make sure that A. Status and Trends affordable essential drugs can be readily accessed by the poor. In the Providing accessibility to afford- LGUs, the establishment of the “Botika able essential drugs in the province ng Barangay” (BNB) is gaining ground is a priority program of the provincial and is now a very visible presence in government. The Sangguniang Panlala- remote and far-flung areas. 79 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 81. Target 8.F: In cooperation with the „Staying Alive with private sector, make available the BNB and Running Over‰ benefit of new technologies, especially information and communication People in the municipality of San Agustin used to depend on the available medicines that could Proportion of the Households with Landlines/ be provided for free by the Ru- Telephone lines ral Health Unit and the adjacent Tablas Island District Hospital. T With regard to access to the outside It has always been a big problem, world, the province has communication especially for poor families, where to get pre- facilities, though only a small percentage scription medicines when it is not available at of the population actually utilize them. the health facilities, or whom to approach for financial support. Based on CBMS data, the households with landline/telephone lines in the province is To solve this dilemma, LGU-San Agustin a meager 1,069 households or a propor- initiated the establishment of “Botika ng Ba- tion of only 1.21 percent. Understandably, rangay” (BNB) through the DOH-CHD IV-B majority of these households can be found in 2005. It was piloted in one of the remote in the urban areas. Odiongan posted the barangays and because of its success it grew to highest proportion of households with a total of eight BNB outlets at present. The landlines/telephone lines (4.47%), followed presence of these BNB Outlets has ultimately increased the access of the poor people liv- by Romblon with 2.81 percent. These two ing in the barrios to commonly bought over- LGUs are considered the growth centers the-counter generic medicine and selected for economic development in the province. prescription drugs, particularly antibiotics at The municipality that posted the lowest much affordable prices. The project also pro- proportion is Ferrol with 0.37 percent. motes community involvement in safekeeping, Understandably, urban areas posted a utilization and financing of medicines, giving higher proportion of 4.27 percent as against them sense of ownership, thus, making them more responsive and responsible individuals the 1.35 percent proportion for the rural accountable to its sustainability and to the areas. health needs of the community. The result, is that it eliminates unnecessary morbidities and Proportion of the Households with Cellphones mortalities resulting from inability to buy or acquire common medicines. Along with inten- Data reveals that there are 15,241 sified preventive measures, continued health households with cellphones or a propor- advocacies, appropriate lifestyle modifications, and much stronger support for health initiatives tion of 26.96 percent. Again, majority of by the LGU as well as cooperation of NGOs these households are in the urban areas and other worthy organizations, the BNBs will with 39.82 percent compared to the 24.02 surely be instrumental in improving the health- percent in the rural areas. Looc registered seeking behavior of the poor people and would the highest proportion of households with pave the way for healthier communities. cell phones at 34.18 percent, followed by Odiongan with 33.49 percent. The Contributed by: Dr. Deogracias S. Muleta, MHO, LGU-San Agustin low percentage of rural households 80 0 with cellphones was due to difficulty in Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 82. Table 33: Magnitude and Proportion of Households with Landlines/Telephone Lines, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Source: CBMS Database 2007 accessing network signals. Corcuera Figure 30. Proportion of Households with Landlines/Telephone Lines has the least number of household with cellphones (16.44%). Proportion of the Households with Computers There are 2,169 households (3.84%) with computers. Again, majority of these households are in urban areas with a (7.28%) as compared to the 3.05 percent in the rural areas. Likewise, Odiongan registered the highest proportion of households with computer (6.28%), followed by Alcantara with 5.44 percent. San Jose registered the lowest proportion of households with computer at 1.38 percent, then Ferrol with 1.48 percent. San Jose does not enjoy a 24-hour electricity which could account 81 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 83. Table 34: Magnitude and Proportion of Households with Cellphones, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 for the low proportion of households with Figure 31. Proportion of Households with Cellphones computers. On this particular MDG goal, the province, with its numerous limiting factors, cannot meaningfully contribute to the country’s target of developing a global partner for development. Nonetheless, the Local Development Councils (LDC) are doing their best to utilize the meager resources available to pursue develop- ment projects toward poverty alleviation as well as enhance the economic and social condition of the people that could lay the groundwork for a more empowered citizenry. 82 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 84. Table 35: Magnitude and Proportion of Households with Computers, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Source: CBMS Database 2007 B. Current Policies and Programs Figure 32. Proportion of Households with Computers The Local Government Code serves as anchor points for the Provincial Govern- ment of Romblon’s development policies and programs toward building self-reliant communities and to further our contribution to the attainment of national goals. Out of the Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA), at least 20 percent is earmarked for development plans, programs and activities. The Local Development Councils (LDCs) prioritized the different development initiatives to be undertaken by the LGUs and most of these are geared towards the improvement of the well being of the Romblomanons. Improve- 83 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 85. ment of access to communication facilities munication relay stations, still, those areas and provision of affordable essential drugs blocked by mountain ranges experience are among the programs financed under the difficulty in accessing better network Annual Development Plan of the province. signal. The current communication servic- es are not stable and do not allow full C. Challenges accessibility for information exchange with only a few being capable to maximize Romblon province is archipelagic in access to the wide range of information nature comprising more than 20 major available in the world wide web. islands and islets scattered at the center of the Philippines. Narrow strips of coastal Another major challenge for the province lowlands, low hills and plains typify the is transportation accessibility. Though it has topography of most of the islands. The ports and motorboats, it is very expensive geographic situation of the province is to transport goods from island to island. basically the major challenge in terms of Bridging the islands together to fully allow accessibility. Although communication maximum movement within the province facilities are available, some areas are for easier and cheaper accessibility of experiencing internet-access difficulties products, resources and even job opportu- and low cellphone signals due to dead nities is one of the toughest challenges of spots. Even after installation of telecom- the province. 84 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 86. Part 3. Meeting the 2015 Challenge Achieving the MDG challenge is quite health and sanitation, food and nutrition, a task that necessitates the convergence shelter, education, even financial assistance of national and local agencies, including for those in crises situation in the form of active participation of the NGOs operating Aid in Crisis Situation (AICS). Provision of in the area as well as cooperation of the basics services drains much of the coffers community. The inadequacy of logistics, of any poor LGU and the dilemma of each particularly funding support to spur massive LCE is how to go about improving the economic growth will hamper some of our socioeconomic condition of the poverty efforts; nonetheless, with the concerted stricken constituents given the scarce efforts of all stakeholders and with proper financial resources. The challenge lies in prioritization of our meager resources, the proper management and utilization of the province hopes to ultimately make an our vast natural resources, particularly our inroad in achieving the MDG targets and fishing grounds rich in marine products, as alleviating the poverty situation province- well as our marble reserves. wide. A. Poverty Alleviation and Hunger Mitigation 1. Priority Programs and Policy Responses Economic development is the key in eradicating poverty and mitigating hunger. Given the socioeconomic condition of the To provide a better climate for the establish- province, including its very unique physical ment of small scale industries, provision of characteristics, the first priority of all LCEs incentives such as tax breaks for the first year is to promote economic development while of operation could encourage new players. attempting to expand delivery of basic To feed this new industry, it is imperative to services. The latter could not be relegated maximize agricultural production by utilizing to the background as it is the primary duty all spare lands. Taxes on idle lands could be of every LGU. The more rampant poverty levied so that owners would be encouraged is, the bigger the need and necessity for the to make it productive. Modern agricultural provision of these services, particularly on inputs and innovative technologies suited to 85 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 87. our land should be employed to maximize should be intensified including provision of production. Marginalized farmers and additional SPED classes for those children fishermen should be given social prepara- with special needs. Likewise, the “Tuloy tion to form People’s Organizations (POs) Aral Walang Sagabal” (TAWAG) program or cooperatives for them to be able to rise of the DSWD should be expanded to cover from economic bondage. Intensify livestock all municipalities. Improvement of school and poultry production so that the province facilities including provision of books and will no longer import dressed chickens and instructional materials will also inspire eggs from our neighboring provinces. The children to study. Local School Boards coconut industry must be given attention; should look deeper into the issue of low improved varieties should be introduced participation in both elementary and high to boost copra production that could be a school, including the case of more boys smallscale industry for oil or soap. Likewise, not going to school. Reasons for dropouts the marble industry could need assessment must be evaluated for proper strategies and for new product development and improved solutions to be implemented. market linkages. Tourism is also a potential industry to look into. C.Gender Equality and Women Empowerment B. Universal Primary and Secondary There is no gender disparity in access Education to primary and secondary educational system in the province. However, there is With the implementation of the Local a pronounced trend of lower proportion Government Code, the LGUs were of males going to schools, particularly empowered to address issues and concerns in secondary and tertiary education. To regarding education through the Local address this concern, a study must be School Boards (LSB) with finances coming made as to the real reasons why, so that from the Special Education Fund (SEF). adequate policies and interventions could The national government likewise provides be put in place. For women empowerment, logistics support for the policy “education provision of livelihood skills training with for all”. Though elementary and high gender advocacy could increase their school education is free, the problem of self-esteem in order to be productive low participation rate remains. This is the members of the community. The establish- challenge that needs immediate attention. ment of a One-Stop-Shop for victims Expanding pre-elementary education of abuse and the Women’s Desk will services of DepEd would help students in encourage more women to report cases terms of readiness in transition to elemen- of atrocities. Information and dissemina- tary. Strengthening the ECCD and daycare tion of the VAWC law will help decrease services and require all 3-5 year old-children marital abuses including maltreatment to attend will help instill the habit of going of children. To encourage more women to school everyday. This could reduce to seek elected position and serve their dropouts in elementary education. For communities, women success stories in those who really cannot go to school the area of governance could facilitate for reasons, the DepEd provision of ALS realizations that they could also make a 86 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 88. difference and contribute to the well-being coastal and marine ecosystem. Strict of the community. implementation of environmental laws must be adhered to stop the degradation and D.Health Reform Program start reversing the process. Approval of the Sangguniang Panlalawigan on the proposed The implementation of the PIPH under the Environmental Code of the province is a FOURmula One for Health program has priority to guide us in our quest of revers- provided a wide array of health-related ing the loss of environmental resources. programs and intervention geared toward Expansion and establishment of fish sanctuar- the achievement of improving health indices. ies, rehabilitation of mangroves and regular To effect the immediate realization of the coastal cleanup can improve our marine program, there is a need to expedite the resources. Reforestation of all forest lands, implementation of all program components including Mt. Guiting-guiting Natural Park as well as replicate good practices. To and support the ISF and CBFM programs sustain the program, there is a need to to hasten the recovery of our forest cover. strengthen the Inter Local Health Zones Immediate attention must be made to rehabil- (ILHZ), particularly the referral system. itate our watershed areas to improve current Involvement and active participation of all water sources. Strengthen the implementa- stakeholders, particularly the MHOs can tion of the ICMRM to cover all areas so that make a lot of difference, particularly in service all economic activities could be monitored. delivery and implementation of innovative Proper mobilization of “Bantay Dagat” program interventions. Most importantly, agents is needed to apprehend encroaching the LCEs, being the head of the LGU must fishing vessels in municipal waters. The strict be in the forefront of this programfor the implementation of laws especially obligations necessary logistics and leadership to make to comply to fines will discourage violators. the health reform program effective and For the informal/illegal settlers, establishment successful. In addition, implementation of of housing projects for their relocation includ- the Responsible Parenting Movement (RPM) ing provision of livelihood opportunities will through parents’ association could generally dramatically improve their socioeconomic encourage couples to practice birth spacing condition. For waterless families, improve- using any given method acceptable to them. ment of water system facility and provision of Likewise, the Adolescent Health and Youth toilet bowls for those without sanitary latrines Development programs would also address would ensure their health. the issues of teenage pregnancies, drug addiction, alcoholism and other juvenile F. Development for Global Partnership related problems to make the health reform program into a holistic approach. With the upgrading of the Romblon State College into a university, the challenge to E. Environmental Sustainability and Improv- provide a globally competitive education is ing the Lives of Slum Dwellers within our reach. Provision of career options particularly for our younger generation The problem of dwindling natural resources could bring in development because of in most cases is irreversible, particularly a highly educated labor force. Priority is 87 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 89. the establishment of a Research Facility ready for college life and for their chosen that could do research studies in any field, field in the future. All these would lead into in particular, on the endemic species and a development that is globally competitive. bio-diversity found in Sibuyan Island, and high value agricultural products suited to 2. Financing the MDGs the Romblon’s unique land characteristics. Likewise, improvement of internet access To achieve the MDG targets, a myriad of including relay stations for cell signal to interventions has to be institutionalized and increase intercommunication within and implemented to engender the desired results. even outside the country is a must. Encour- Below are the proposed programs/projects/ age all High School Principals province- activities geared toward achieving the MDG wide to include computer literacy in their targets as well as improving the socioeco- academic curriculum for the students to be nomic conditions of the Romblomanons. 88 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 90. (Continued) 89 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 91. (Continued) 3. Monitoring the MDGs license software Stata, the provincial CBMS-MDG Teams has been capacitated The implementation of the CBMS in the to prepare this report and in the future can province of Romblon had been a laudable generate similar documents. The province effort of the provincial government and will update the CBMS database this year its 17 municipalities. The availability of (2010) and hope to complete the CBMS grassroot data at each geopolitical level— cycle in the 2nd quarter of 2011. After the barangay, municipal and provincial—has second round of the CBMS implementa- greatly enhanced analysis of the current tion, the province will spearhead the situation, providing insights as to the preparation of the provincial MDG Report reasons and underlying causes of the in 2011 and finally in 2015 to determine condition. The Memorandum of Agreement the impact of the programs/projects/ (MOA) between the provincial government, activities implemented in response to the PEP-CBMS Network Coordinating Team MDG challenge. and the other provinces in the MIMAROPA Region indicated the underlying commit- For the yearly monitoring of the MDGs, ment of the signatories for the updating of the province will have to rely on the the CBMS database preferably every three administrative data generated by the differ- (3) years. ent provincial offices and other agencies to gauge the progress of the indicators being The inclusion of the province in the monitored. This data will provide us with preparation of the Provincial MDG information on a yearly basis the status and Report and with the technical assistance trends, particularly the education and health provided including the provision of the component of the MDGs. 90 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 92. EXPLANATORY TEXT A. Preparation of Provincial LGUs in their poverty alleviation efforts, Millennium Development Goals as noted in a joint World Bank and Asian (MDGs) Report Using CBMS Data Development Bank report, to wit: “the most comprehensive and consistent comparative 1. Background and Justification subnational data (are) is at the regional level although this is simply an administra- The availability of good statistics and the capacity of governments, donors and tive level of government that has no respon- international organizations to systematically measure, monitor and report on sibilities for delivery of social services. More progress in all social and economic spheres are at the heart of development data (are) is gradually becoming available policy and the achievement of the MDGs. at the provincial level, but not at lower levels which are at the frontline of efforts to reduce The Millennium Development Goals Report 2007 poverty1.” While progress toward the attainment In response, the Philippine Government of the Millennium Development Goals has embarked on an initiative to localize (MDGs) is systematically being measured, the MDGs using the Community-Based monitored and reported at the national Monitoring System (CBMS). In 2005, the level, clearly, there must be a parallel effort National Statistical Coordination Board at the local level to bring the MDGs into (NSCB) issued Resolution No. 6 “recogniz- the mainstream of the local development ing and enjoining support to the CBMS agenda. as a tool for strengthening the statistical system at the local level that will generate This is especially called for under statistics for monitoring and evaluation of decentralized regimes where local govern- development plans, including the progress ment units (LGUs) are at the forefront of of the local governments in attaining the policy or program execution. Unfortunately, Millennium Development Goals.” however, national statistical systems have yet to respond adequately to the demand Meanwhile, several approaches are for micro-level statistics that can aid being carried out by the Department of 1 Decentralization in the Philippines: Strengthening Local Government Financing and Resource Management in the Short-Term, 2005 (A Joint Document of the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank) 91 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province Romblon Province of Rombllon v e
  • 93. the Interior and Local Government (DILG) The CBMS’ role in localizing the MDGs in capacitating LGUs to contribute to the was recognized during an Experts Group attainment of the MDGs and uplifting the Meeting on Localizing the MDGs held on quality of life of their constituents. These November 28, 2006 at the United Nations interventions are particularly stated in Economic and Social Commission for Asia DILG Memorandum Circular (MC) No. and the Pacific (UN ESCAP) in Bangkok, 2004-152 “Guide to Local Government Thailand. The Committee on Poverty Units in the Localization of the MDGs” Reduction composed of 24 nation-states dated November 2004, which provides agreed that the CBMS could complement for the: (a) menu of Programs, Projects the official data collection activities of and Activities (PPAs) per MDG goal and national statistical offices and improve the target to guide LGUs in responding to availability of the MDG and other indica- the MDGs; (b) diagnosis of the local tors at the local level. It also agreed that situation using existing local indicators localizing the MDGs through CBMS would and monitoring system; and (c) call for help integrate the goals into the national documentation and replication of good development strategies. It therefore urged practices. other developing countries to initiate and implement similar innovative systems that The CBMS that is being implemented in would help localize the MDGs. the Philippines is indeed well-positioned to track progress toward the attain- As of May 12, 2010, CBMS is being ment of the MDGs at the local level. implemented in 59 provinces (32 of which For one, a number of indicators being are province-wide), 687 municipalities and monitored in the CBMS are included 43 cities in the Philippines, covering 17,848 in the indicators for monitoring the barangays all over the country (see Figure progress in achieving the MDGs. 33). A good number of these LGUs have Moreover, CBMS is intended to be already consolidated their CBMS databas- done on a regular basis and can es and are well-positioned to generate their therefore be used for updating MDG own local MDG Reports. For one thing, indicators and facilitating preparation CBMS collects information that reflects the of regular MDG reports. The CBMS multi-faceted nature of poverty. In addition, can also be used as basis by national data generated by the CBMS can be broken and local governments for costing and down by municipal, barangay, purok identifying appropriate interventions and even down to the household level, needed to achieve the MDGs as well as thereby presenting meaningful informa- for resource allocation. Finally, given tion and enabling deeper analysis of the the large spatial disparities, the CBMS poverty situation. Moreover, the CBMS can can help identify where focus has to be generate color-coded maps showing the given to achieve the targets. poverty status at each geopolitical level. 92 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 94. Figure 33. CBMS Coverage in the Philippines (as of May 12, 2010) 2. Objectives inces between 2005 and 2007 (for detailed information on census years, see Table 38). This technical collaboration aims to capaci- tate nine provincial governments to systemati- In particular, the technical collaboration was cally measure, monitor and report their status carried out to meet the following objectives: with respect to the MDGs. The operative word (i) to track the status on the attainment of here is status since the provinces used their first the MDGs in the identified provinces; (ii) to round of CBMS data in formulating this report. assist these provinces in preparing their Pro- These provinces include Agusan del Norte, vincial MDG Reports; and (iii) to increase local Agusan del Sur, Biliran, Camarines Norte, awareness on how these reports can bridge Eastern Samar, Marinduque, Romblon, Saran- local and national development strategies. gani and Siquijor. The abovementioned prov- inces were selected since they were among the 3. Expected Outputs first LGUs that were able to consolidate their CBMS databases at the provincial level. The The technical collaboration is expected to CBMS Census was conducted in these prov- produce the following outputs: (i) mentored 93 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 95. technical staff of the nine CBMS-partner Presentation and Critiquing of Provin- provinces on how to prepare Provincial MDG cial MDG Reports. This 3-day activity was Reports, and (ii) Provincial MDG Reports of designed to fi nalize the Provincial MDG the nine provinces. Reports and at the same time provide an opportunity for an exchange of views and 4. Capacity-Building possible harmonization of approaches as well as for the provision of consistent guid- The capacity-building of the Provincial MDG ance to all the Provincial MDG Teams. The Teams consists of three workshops and one- expected output from this workshop was the on-one mentoring process. complete manuscript of the MDG Report which already incorporates the comments/ Workshop on Processing of CBMS Data to inputs of the assigned mentor and resource Generate MDG Indicators. This 2-day activity persons who were invited to share their ex- was designed to provide participants with: pertise during the workshop. (i) a deeper appreciation of the importance of the CBMS in benchmarking/tracking local Mentor/Mentee Relationship. In order to progress toward the attainment of the MDGs; ensure a sustained and focused mentoring (ii) a satisfactory level of knowledge in pro- program, a mentor from the Research Team cessing CBMS data to facilitate analyses of of the CBMS Network was matched to one accomplishments versus targets; (iii) some Provincial MDG Team. basic skills on how to incorporate MDG tar- gets in local development plans and facilitate The assigned mentor was expected to set corresponding increase in budget allocation a specific time each week to interact with his/ for MDG-responsive PPAs; and (iv) tools and her Provincial MDG Team and discuss the methodologies in formulating MDG reports. following: (1) review progress in drafting the Provincial MDG Report, (2) set/identify targets Preparation of Provincial MDG Reports for the coming weeks, and (3) draw up an ac- Using CBMS Data. This 2-day activity was tion plan to achieve those targets. In addition, designed to build on the gains of the first the mentor was expected to assist his/her as- workshop by providing technical assistance to signed MDG Team in identifying and solving the Project Teams in (i) processing CBMS data problem areas. to generate the additional MDG indicators and consolidating their data at the provincial Meanwhile, Dr. Celia M. Reyes, Anne Ber- level, (ii) benchmarking/tracking their prog- nadette E. Mandap and Marsmath A. Baris, ress toward the attainment of the MDGs , (iii) Jr. reviewed all partial and final reports. The reviewing partial provincial reports based on technical staff of the NEDA Social Develop- the indicators generated using the first work- ment Staff headed by Director Erlinda Ca- shop , and (iv) finalizing list of indicators to be pones also reviewed and provided valuable included in the report. comments on the reports. 94 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 96. B. CBMS-MDG Indicators Unless otherwise indicated, all the statisti- cal tables, graphs, charts and poverty maps presented in this report were generated using the CBMS methodology. Box 1. Community-Based Monitoring System The CBMS is an organized way of col- It involves the following steps: lecting data at the local level to be used by Step 1 – Advocacy/organization local governments, national government Step 2 – Data collection and field editing agencies, nongovernment organizations Step 3 – Data encoding and map digitization (NGOs) and civil society for planning, Step 4 – Data consolidation, database-building budgeting, and implementing local devel- & poverty mapping opment programs as well as for monitor- Step 5 – Data validation and community con- ing and evaluating their performance. It is sultation a tool for improved local governance and Step 6 – Knowledge (database) management democratic decision-making that promotes Step 7 – Plan formulation greater transparency and accountability in Step 8 – Dissemination, implementation, and resource allocation. monitoring The MDG Indicators, which were estimated using CBMS data, are presented in Table 37. 95 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 97. 96 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 98. 97 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 99. 98 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 100. C. Poverty and Food Thresholds E. Survey Operations Official poverty thresholds computed by All survey operations were undertaken under the NSCB were used and, in some cases, the supervision of the CBMS Technical Working updated to the reference period for the Groups (TWGs) at the Provincial and Municipal CBMS data by inflating these thresholds Levels. They identified the local personnel who using the appropriate Consumer Price Index were trained as enumerators and field supervi- (CPI). The poverty and food thresholds used sors. Technical assistance was provided by the for each province are presented in Table 38. PEP-CBMS Network Coordinating Team, the Bureau of Local Government Development D. Authority for the CBMS Census (BLGD) and Regional Office IV-B of the Depart- ment of the Interior and Local Government The NSCB has issued Resolution No. (DILG), National Anti-Poverty Commission 6 (2005) which recognizes and enjoins (NAPC), National Economic and Development support to the CBMS as a tool for Authority (NEDA) Regional Office IV-B and strengthening the statistical system at the Institute for Democratic Participation in the local level. It also directs the NSCB Governance (IDPG). Technical Staff to initiate and coordinate an advocacy program for the adoption Training was mainly conducted at two levels. of the CBMS by the LGUs, through the The first level training (Training of Trainors) is Regional Statistical Coordination Commit- conducted for members of the TWGs. This is tees (RSCCs), the technical arm of the usually conducted by members of the research NSCB Executive Board in the regions. staff of the CBMS Network and CBMS accred- ited trainors from the DILG, NAPC and NEDA. The NSCB has also approved the CBMS Meanwhile, a second level training (Training Survey Instruments through NSCB Approval of Enumerators) is conducted for enumerators No. DILG-0903-01. who are usually composed of barangay health 99 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 101. workers and students. The members of the These softwares were provided for free to TWG acted as trainors in this training. the nine provinces which formulated their reports under this project. F. Data Processing System The data processing software used under G. CBMS Poverty Maps this project includes the CBMS Data Encoding System, the CBMS-Natural Resources The poverty map for each indicator shows the Database and Stata. provincial map disaggregated by municipality. The CBMS encoding system uses CSPro A simple color scheme is used (green, (Census and Survey Processing), a software light green, pink and red) to represent the developed by the United States Bureau of four ranges of data for each indicator. Each Census for entering, editing, tabulating, indicator, however, used a different range and disseminating data from censuses and relative to the provincial data. surveys. The CSPro-based (Census and Survey Processing) Encoding System converts survey data into electronic data. It produces text H. Limitations of the Data files (ASCII) described by data dictionaries, which adds flexibility to the output data. This While observations are taken from the feature facilitates the interface between the entire population, the user of the data CBMS data and other database systems and presented in this report should bear in mind statistical softwares. that the municipalities in two provinces (Eastern Samar and Biliran) were not able to The CBMS Mapping system employs the collect their data over the same period. For Natural Resources Database (NRDB) for instance, CBMS was piloted in a number of CBMS-based poverty mapping and for storing municipalities in Eastern Samar and Biliran and displaying household- and individual- in 2005 and was implemented provincewide level information, The CBMS-NRDB is capable in 2006. Moreover, due to some difficulties, of creating and storing spatial (shapefiles) the CBMS census could not be carried out in and non-spatial (texts and numbers) data as 1 barangay in Romblon, and 2 barangays well as generating maps, reports and graphs each in Camarines Norte and Eastern Samar. ideal for presentation and analysis of poverty Moreover, data from a number of barangays attributes in the community. This has signifi- in Sarangani are still not available. cantly addressed the need for a simple yet powerful and free geographically-oriented Estimates on poverty and subsistence database. incidence may also be affected by under- and/or over-reporting of income or Meanwhile, the CBMS data presented in reluctance on the part of the respondents to this report through tables, graphs, charts and reveal their true levels of income. As in other poverty maps were processed using Stata, a surveys, the CBMS enumerators may also general-purpose statistical software package have encountered interview non-response created in 1985 by StataCorp. and item non-response. 100 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 102. 101 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  • 103. Available in this series: NATIONAL REPORT • Philippines Progress Report on the Millennium Development Goals 2010 PROVINCIAL REPORTS •Status ReportofonAgusan del NorteDevelopment Goals Using CBMS Data Province the Millennium •Status ReportofonAgusan del Sur Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province the Millennium •Status ReportofonBiliranMillennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province the •Status ReportofonCamarines Norte Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province the Millennium •Status ReportofonEastern Samar Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province the Millennium •Status ReportofonMarinduque Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province the Millennium • Status Report onRomblon Province of the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data • Status Report onSarangani Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of the Millennium •Status ReportofonSiquijor Province the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data