Province of ROMBLON
                                                                                                      ...
Status Report on the
Millennium Development Goals
          (MDGs)
      Using CBMS Data




     Province of Romblon
Foreword
                                Republic of the Philippines
                                 PROVINCE OF ROMBLON
...
Preface


  The province of Romblon is blest with abundant natural resources yet has difficulty
harnessing development due...
Acknowledgments

      It has been a great honor and opportunity that Romblon was among the nine provinces in
    the coun...
Message
                                          The preparation of provincial MDGs reports is a critical step that Local...
Message
                                                Republic of the Philippines
                                      ...
Table of Contents


Foreword  Vice-Governor Alice Capa-Fetalvero ....................................                     ...
Table of Contents




    6. Goal 6 - Combat HIV / AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases .................................... 6...
List of Acronyms
ADP                           Annual Development Plan
AHYD                          Adolescent Health & Y...
List of Acronyms
     NEDA               National Economic and Development Authority
     NGO                Non Governmen...
List of Tables




Table 1.       Summary of Findings of MDG Indicators, Province of Romblon, 2007
Table 2.       Demograp...
List of Tables




     Table 33.   Magnitude and Proportion of Households with Landlines/Telephone Lines, by Urbanity, by...
List of Figures



Figure 1.      Location of Romblon Province
Figure 2.      Proportion of Population Living Below Povert...
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY


       The endeavor to prepare a provincial            2.3 percentage point away from the 100
     MDG...
safe drinking water was 76.3 percent and                            children aged 6-16 enrolled in school
the proportion o...
Table 1. Summary of findings of MDG indicators, Province of Romblon, 2007




16
                 Province of Romblon     ...
Table 1. (Contrinued)




Source: CBMS Survey 2007


                                                                     ...
To achieve the MDG targets, the conver-         the potential of our vast surrounding seas
     gence of service providers...
encourage some of them to at least finish                           the area of governance could make them
high school. To...
acceptable to them. Provision of Adoles-         laws must be adhered to stop the degrada-
     cent Health and Youth Deve...
and livelihood assistance. Expansion of the                         Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA), hence,
4Ps (Pantawid...
Part 1.
                  Provincial Profile


     1. History
        The Negritoes were the aborigines of the         Th...
Figure 1. Location of Romblon Province




2. Geo-Physical Environment                                         its 17 muni...
San Andres, Looc and Santa Fe. All three
     municipalities in Sibuyan Island on the
                                    ...
Table 2. Demographic Features, By Municipality
                                                                           ...
for CY 2007-2008 is 98.7 percent while Net        Due to the geographical condition of the
     Enrollment Ratio (NET) or ...
three more centuries. Tablas Island is also                         percent of these road networks are located
believed to...
Tablas Island Electric Cooperatives          6. Local Institutional Capability
     (TIELCO) serves the power needs of Tab...
17. Santa Maria – 5th class
                                                                    municipality with 6 barang...
Part 2. Status Report
                 on the Millennium
                 Development Goals




     Goal 1: Eradicate Ext...
of the people are marginal farmers                                 Figure2. Proportion of Population Living Below Poverty ...
Figure 3. Proportion of Population Living Below Poverty Threshold                                           Proportion of ...
Poverty Gap Ratio                                            Table 7: Poverty Gap Ratio, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 200...
Table 8: Employment Rate, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007




                        Source: CBMS Database 2007

Figur...
Table 9: Magnitude and Proportion of Households and Population who Experienced Food Shortage, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Muni...
Table 10: Magnitude and Proportion of Underweight Children Under 5 Years of Age, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 200...
Figure 7. Proportion of Underweight Children Under 5 Years of Age




decrease on the malnutrition prevalence             ...
and materials to help them overcome their       ent weather. Coupled with the fact that the
     dire situation. However, ...
Supplemental Feeding Program for Malnourished Children




Mrs. Gloria Elizabeth M. Merida –Nutrition Officer IV while hol...
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon
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Transcript of "MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Romblon"

  1. 1. Province of ROMBLON 1 Philippines Fourth Progress Report on the Millennium Development Goals using CBMS Data - Province of Province of Marinduque
  2. 2. Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  3. 3. Foreword Republic of the Philippines PROVINCE OF ROMBLON OFFICE OF THE VICE-GOVERNOR I personally take recognition of the work and dedication spent by our Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) Provincial Team in making this document, the Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data (Province of Romblon). This report gives every reader the 2007 general situation of the province of Romblon and its municipalities vis-à-vis their achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. It presents not only the threats and weaknesses we have as a community, but also the equivalents strengths and the opportunities we can pursue. Specifically, this report pictures to us how have we specially faired in the following eight (8) develop- ment goals set by the United Nations: 1. Eradication of extreme poverty and hunger 2. Achievement of universal primary education 3. Promotion of gender equality and women empowerment 4. Reduction of child mortality 5. Improvement in maternal health 6. Combat of HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases 7. Ensuring environmental sustainability, and 8. Developing a global partnership for development Towards the end of this report, the reader is led to the proposed programs, projects and activities, and their equivalent project costs. It also strongly suggests for the continuous updating of our CBMS. This document therefore can be a great resource for all development institutions, workers, and specially our local and national leaders whose love for the development of Romblon and its people is real, sincere and overflowing. This can help them decide what programs, projects and activities will they commit to fund and undertake; how much fund and when will they give. Then we can be able to project what of these plans are achievable first, until 2015, and then beyond. Again, sincere thanks to our Provincial Team, Dr. Celia Reyes and the PEP-CBMS Network, UNDP, NEDA-SDS, the municipal governments in the province, the provincial offices and agencies, and to all those who supported the preparation of this document. ALICE CAPA-FETALVERO Vice Governor 2 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  4. 4. Preface The province of Romblon is blest with abundant natural resources yet has difficulty harnessing development due to limiting factors such as being archipelagic in nature. Foremost in the agenda of the Local Development Councils is the eradication of poverty and upliftment of the socioeconomic conditions of all Romblomanons. To achieve this goal, we need massive financial resources and technical inputs to overcome our geophysi- cal constraints. In our pursuit of the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), aligning our meager resources in support of the universal development thrust will enable the province to respond meaningfully to the challenge. We particularly need to strengthen local governance and pass local legislations to effectively implement national policies. This report aims to present the status of the province and its component municipalities in terms of the MDG targets based on data generated from the first implementation of the Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS). The data revealed that we have a very good performance in combating malnutrition and promoting gender equality. We need to maintain or even surpass what we have achieved so far while devising innovative strategies to improve on the other indicators which are lagging behind. There is a need for a concerted effort to engender a paradigm shift regarding the environment including climate change if we want an immediate response to reverse environmental loss. Poverty continued to be our vulnerability as majority of the population is below poverty threshold. This is our greatest challenge. With the MDG report, we believe that the Local Chief Executives and the Local Development Councils would realize the necessity to act now by prioritizing plans/programs/activities that would enable us to make a decent improvement in the lives of the people and make headways in achieving the MDG targets. OSCAR VICENTE L. YLAGAN, JR. Provincial Government Department Head Provincial Planning and Development Office Provincial Development Council Secretary 3 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  5. 5. Acknowledgments It has been a great honor and opportunity that Romblon was among the nine provinces in the country chosen to participate in this laudable endeavor and come up with this document that shows our status on the Millennium Development Goals. The preparation of this report is made possible by the PEP-CBMS Network through the support of the United Nations Devel- opment Programme (UNDP) and the National Economic and Development Authority-Social Development Staff (NEDA-SDS). We would like to express our deepest gratitude to Dr. Celia Reyes and her Team in concep- tualizing this project. We are also thankful for them in relentlessly providing us with technical assistance and coaching sessions in generating the MDG indicators. For their patience and understanding, and for being with us all the way, until we finish the report, we are heartily grateful. A million thanks also goes to the UNDP for supporting this undertaking and for the unique experience we encountered in preparing the report. Finally, we would also like to acknowledge the contributions of the Municipal Planning and Development Coordinators (MPDCs), the Municipal Health Officers (MHOs) and other pro- vincial offices and agencies, in sharing with us their insights regarding data analysis at their areas of concern as well as their best practices. The CBMS Provincial Team OSCAR VICENTE L. YLAGAN, JR. Provincial Government Dept. Head – PPDO CBMS Provincial Lead Person jylagan_ppdo@yahoo.com EVELYN M. MAGAYAM GEMMA M. ETIS Planning Officer IV Project Evaluation Officer IV CBMS Focal Person CBMS TWG Member billy_ppdo@yahoo.com gem_ppdo@yahoo.com MELODINA M. VILLALUZ LIANY G. ROMERO Project Evaluation Officer III Planning Officer II CBMS TWG Member CBMS TWG Member mellie_ppdo@yahoo.com gian_phil@yahoo.com 4 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  6. 6. Message The preparation of provincial MDGs reports is a critical step that Local Govern- ment Units (LGUs) have taken in the overall effort to localize the MDGs. As it is often said, the MDGs will be ‘won or lost’ at the local level given the conditions of uneven progress and disparities across regions and provinces in the country. Beyond the national averages, one can see wide disparities on the gains in poverty reduction, universal education, child mortality and maternal health. This situation reinforces the notion that the progress of each province is just as important as the achievements of the country as a whole. After all, the Philippines’ progress towards the MDGs, is the sum of the efforts and gains of all LGUs. By preparing provincial reports, LGUs are provided vital information on the status of the MDGs in their areas of influence. These reports are important sources of information for planning, resource allocation and priority setting that LGUs are tasked under their mandate of effective local governance. Likewise, in the course of the preparation of the reports, the capacity of LGUs to collect, monitor and use data for decision making has been greatly enhanced. The reports also show how far the Community Based Monitoring System (CBMS) that UNDP has supported can go in terms of its use. Against the backdrop of renewed optimism emanating from the new political leadership, this first set of nine Provincial Reports on the MDGs is a timely and important milestone. The reports provide crucial insights on how to overcome the constraints in achieving the MDGs locally as the country gears towards the last stretch to attain the eight goals by 2015. They also emphasize the important role of active collaboration of political leaders, stakeholders, and donors in achieving the MDGs. I wish to commend the nine Provincial Governments that prepared their reports – the Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Biliran, Camarines Norte, Eastern Samar, Marinduque, Romblon, Sa- rangani, and Siquijor Province – the Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) Network and the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) for working together in bringing about this important accomplishment. With this initiative, it is hoped that other provinces will follow suit to attain nationwide support for the need to accelerate the pace of the achievement of the MDGs by 2015.s Dr Dr. Jacqueline Badcock UN Resident Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative 5 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  7. 7. Message Republic of the Philippines PROVINCE OF ROMBLON OFFICE OF THE GOVERNOR The Declaration of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by member states of the United Nations including the Philippine Government (PG) has posed a great challenge to the country and to the Local Government Units (LGUs) as well. At the onset, the absence of baseline data at the grass-root level and the lack of local monitoring tool to determine the status of the LGUs in terms of the MDG targets has been a hindrance in setting local targets. The Regional Development Council (RDC) Region IV-B (MIMAROPA) initiative to implement a common database system in the region and the subsequent implementation of the Community- Based Monitoring System (CBMS) in the Province of Romblon has proven to be a very provident endeavor. With CBMS, the availability of data at each geo-political level—barangay, municipality and province—has been a great help in our assessment of the demographic and socioeconomic condition of the province and its 17 component municipalities as well as the indicators monitored under the MDG. Since this is the first round of CBMS implementation in the province, we still cannot track our progress in attaining the MDGs. What we can offer instead is a glimpse of where we stand at present, and strive to contribute to the achievement of the national target. Our current status can also be our benchmark in monitoring the impacts of projects being implemented and gauge the effects of the general services provided aimed at improving the general welfare of our people. The province and its 17 component municipalities have agreed to update the CBMS database this 2010 and we are very optimistic that the data generated will provide us insights as to our response to MDG challenge as well as the impact of our services to the lives of our constituents. This will help us a lot in focusing our interventions to where and whom it is most needed. Hopefully, the preparation of the provincial MDG report can provide us with meaningful analysis not only on the MDG indicators but also on our general situation and shall be the basis in formulating development plans and strategies that would be responsive to achieve our objectives as well as the MDGs. The MDG Report will steer us to our quest for a better fut s future and will further aid us in our quest for a unified, self-reliant and ecologically-balanced province. d provin v NATALIO F. BELTRAN III Gover Governor 6 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  8. 8. Table of Contents Foreword Vice-Governor Alice Capa-Fetalvero .................................... 2 Preface Provincial Government Department Head Oscar Vicente L. Ylagan, Jr. .................................................. 3 Acknowledgments ...................................................................................... 4 Messages UN Resident Coordinator Dr. Jacqueline Badcock ................. 5 Governor Natalio F Beltran III .................................................. . 6 Table of Contents ....................................................................................... 7 List of Acronyms ........................................................................................ 9 List of Tables .............................................................................................. 11 List of Figures ............................................................................................ 13 Executive Summary ............................................................................. 14 Part I. Provincial Profile 1. Brief Historical Background ............................................................... 22 2. Geo-Physical Environment ................................................................. 23 3. Population & Social Environment ....................................................... 24 4. Local Economy ................................................................................... 26 5. Infrastructure/Utilities/Facilities .......................................................... 27 6. Local Institutional Capability ............................................................. 28 Part II. Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 1. Goal 1 - Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger ....................................... 30 2. Goal 2 - Achieve Universal Primary Education .......................................... 41 3. Goal 3 - Promote Gender Equality .......................................................... 48 .. 4. Goal 4 - Reduce Child Mortality ............................................................. 55 5. Goal 5 - Improve Maternal Health ......................................................... 61 7 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  9. 9. Table of Contents 6. Goal 6 - Combat HIV / AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases .................................... 66 7. Goal 7 - Ensure Environmental Sustainability ..................................................... 71 8. Goal 8 - Develop Global Partnership for Development ........................................ 79 Part III. Meeting the 2015 Challenge 1. Priority Programs and Policy Responses ........................................................ 85 2. Financing the MDGs ..................................................................................... 88 3. Monitoring the MDGs ................................................................................... 90 Explanatory Text .............................................................................................. 91 8 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  10. 10. List of Acronyms ADP Annual Development Plan AHYD Adolescent Health & Youth Development AICS Aid in Crisis Situation ALS Alternative Learning Service BBB Buntis Baby Bank BEMONC Basic Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care BHS Barangay Health Station BHW Barangay Health Workers BLR Botika ng Lalawigan ng Romblon BNB Botika ng Barangay BNS Barangay Nutrition Scholar CBFM Community-Based Forest Management CBMIS Community-Based Management Information System CBMS Community-Based Monitoring System CDA Cooperative Development Agency CEMONC Comprehensive Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care DepEd Department of Education DMFDH Don Modesto Formilleza District Hospital DOLE Department of Labor and Employment DSWD Department of Social Worker and Development EC European Commission ECCD Early Childhood Care & Development F1 FOURmula One FIC Fully Immunized Children GAD Gender and Development IAD/U Internal Audit Department/Unit ICMRM Integrated Coastal and Marine Resources Management IRA Internal Revenue Allotment IRS International Reference Standard ISF Integrated Social Forestry IT Information Technology LCE Local Chief Executive LDC Local Development Council LGU Local Government Unit MDG Millennium Development Goals MDH Malipayon District Hospital MHO Municipal Health Office MIMAROPA Mindoro, Marinduque, Romblon and Palawan MOA Memorandum of Agreement MPDC Municipal Planning and Development Coordinator 9 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  11. 11. List of Acronyms NEDA National Economic and Development Authority NGO Non Government Organization NPC National Power Corporation NSCB National Statistical Coordination Board OPT Operation Timbang OTELCO Odiongan Telephone Corporation PCS Provincial Communication System PEP Progressive Economic Policy PG Philippine Government PHIC/Phil-Health Philippine Health Insurance Corporation PHO Provincial Health Office PIPH Provincewide Investment Plan for Health PNAO Provincial Nutrition Action Officer PNC Provincial Nutrition Committee PPAN Philippine Plan of Action for Nutrition PPDO Provincial Planning and Development Office 4Ps Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program PTWG Provincial Technical Working Group RDC Regional Development Council RDH Romblon District Hospital RHU Rural Health Unit RIC Rural Improvement Club ROMELCO Romblon Electric Cooperative RPH Romblon Provincial Hospital RSU Romblon State University RW3SP Rural Water Supply Sanitation Sector Program SEDIP Secondary Education Development & Improvement Program SEF Special Education Fund SPED Special Education SWMP Solid Waste Management Plan SUC State University/College SWMP Solid Waste Management Plan TB DOTS Tuberculosis Directly Observed Treatment Scheme TEEP Third Elementary Education Program TELOF Telecommunication Office TIDH Tablas Island District Hospital TIELCO Tablas Island Electric Cooperative UN United Nations UNDP United Nation Development Programme VAWC Violence Against Women and their Children 10 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  12. 12. List of Tables Table 1. Summary of Findings of MDG Indicators, Province of Romblon, 2007 Table 2. Demographic Features, by Municipality, 2007 Table 3. Number of Schools and Enrollment, SY 2007 – 2008 Table 4. Participation and Completion Rate, SY 2007 – 2008 Table 5. Magnitude and Proportion of Households and Population Living Below Poverty Threshold, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 6. Magnitude and Proportion of Households and Population Living Below Food Threshold, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 7. Poverty Gap Ratio, by Urbanity, by municipality, 2007 Table 8. Employment Rate, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 9. Magnitude and Proportion of Households and Population who Experienced Food Shortage, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 10. Magnitude and Proportion of Underweight Children Under 5 years of Age, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 11. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 6-12 Years Old Enrolled in Elementary School, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 12. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 13-16 Years Old Enrolled in High School, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 13. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 6-16 Years Old Enrolled in School, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 14. Literacy Rate of 15-24 Year-Olds, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 15. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Primary Education, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 16. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Secondary Education, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 17. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Tertiary Education, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 18. Ratio of Literate Females to Literate Males (15-24 years old), by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 19. Proportion of Seats Held by Women in Municipality and Province, by Municipality, 2007 Table 20. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 0 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died, by sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 21. Magnitude and Proportion of Infants who Died, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 22. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 1 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 23. Magnitude and Proportion of Women Deaths Due to Pregnancy-Related Causes, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 24. Magnitude and Proportion of Couples who Use Contraception, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 25. Magnitude and Proportion of Couples Using Condom Among Those who are Practicing Contraception, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 26. Magnitude and Proportion of Deaths Associated with Malaria, by Sex, by Municipality, 2007 Table 27. Magnitude and Proportion of Deaths Associated with Tuberculosis, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 28. Magnitude and Proportion of Households and Population with Access to Safe Drinking Water, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 29. Magnitude and Proportion of Households and Population with Access to Sanitary Toilet Facility, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 30. Magnitude and Proportion of Households and Population who are Informal Settlers, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 31. Magnitude and Proportion of Households and Population Living in Makeshift Housing, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 32. Magnitude and Proportion of Households and Population Living in Inadequate Housing Conditions, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 11 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  13. 13. List of Tables Table 33. Magnitude and Proportion of Households with Landlines/Telephone Lines, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 34. Magnitude and Proportion of Households with Cellphones, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 35. Magnitude and proportion of Households with Computers, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Table 36. Estimates of Funding Requirements Table 37. The CBMS-MDG Indicators and their Definition Table 38. Poverty and Food Thresholds 12 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  14. 14. List of Figures Figure 1. Location of Romblon Province Figure 2. Proportion of Population Living Below Poverty Threshold Figure 3. Proportion of Population Living Below Food Threshold Figure 4. Poverty Gap Ratio Figure 5. Employment Rate Figure 6. Proportion of Population Who Experienced Food Shortage Figure 7. Prevalence of Underweight Children Under 5 Years of Age Figure 8. Proportion of Children Aged 6-12 Years Old Enrolled in Elementary School Figure 9. Proportion of Children Aged 13-16 Years Old Enrolled in High School Figure 10. Proportion of Children Aged 6-16 Years Old Enrolled in School Figure 11. Literacy Rate of 15-24 Years Olds Figure 12. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Primary Education Figure 13. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Secondary Education Figure 14. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Tertiary Education Figure 15. Ratio of Literate Females to Literate Males Aged 15-24 Years Old Figure 16. Proportion of Seats Held by Women in Municipality and Province Figure 17. Proportion of Children 0 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died Figure 18. Proportion of Infants who Died Figure 19. Proportion of Children Aged 1 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died Figure 20. Proportion of Women Deaths Due to Pregnancy-Related causes Figure 21. Proportion of Couples who Use Contraception Figure 22. Proportion of Couples Using Condom Among Those who are Practicing Contraception Figure 23. Death Rates Associated with Malaria Figure 24. Death Rates Associated with Tuberculosis Figure 25. Proportion of Population with Access to Safe Drinking Water Figure 26. Proportion of Population with Access to Sanitary Toilet Facility Figure 27. Proportion of Population who are Informal Settlers Figure 28. Proportion of Population who are Living in Makeshift Housing Figure 29. Proportion of Population Living in Inadequate Housing Condition Figure 30. Proportion of Households with Landlines/ Telephone Lines Figure 31. Proportion of Households with Cellphones Figure 32. Proportion of Households with Computers Figure 33. CBMS Coverage in the Philippines (as of May 12, 2010) 13 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  15. 15. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The endeavor to prepare a provincial 2.3 percentage point away from the 100 MDG report was a result of a collaborative percent target. effort of the PEP-CBMS Network Coordinat- • Ratio of girls to boys in elementary is ing Team, the Provincial Government of 0.9 but this is due to the higher popula- Romblon and the UNDP-Philippines which tion of boys than girls. In high school and aims to track progress towards the achieve- college, ratio is higher in favor of girls ment of MDGs in the province and create a attending higher education at 1.0 and 1.1 document that would increase awareness of respectively. local stakeholders regarding the universal • Ratio of literate females to males age development thrust. 15-24 years old is lower at 0.9 accounting for the higher male population than females The report utilized the result of the 2007 in this age group. CBMS survey and other administrative data. • No HIV/AIDs case in the province. • The proportion of informal settlers in The result presented in this report suggest- the population was low at 1.3 percent and ed that there has been some good news, those living in makeshift housing was 2.1 and not so good news in some indicators percent. but there are those that pose a great challenge for the remaining five years until Not so good news: the 2015 target. Without doubt, there is • Proportion of population who experi- a need for a concerted effort among all enced food shortage was minimal at 3.0 stakeholders, from the national down to percent. the local level, to make urgent response to • Employment rate was high at 97.7 achieve the MDG targets that would make percent although employment opportunities a better life for every person in the province. provide low economic returns. • Poverty gap ratio was moderate at 0.3. Good news: • Proportion of children’s death at age 0 • Prevalence of underweight children to less than five years old was 0.6 percent, under 5 years old was 8.12 percent which is infants at 1.8 percent and those 1 to less already below the national target of 17.25 than 5 years old was 0.8 percent. percent by 2015. • Proportion of women deaths due to • Literacy rate among the 15-24 years pregnancy related causes was 0.2 percent. old was high at 97.7 percent and was only • Proportion of population with access to 14 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  16. 16. safe drinking water was 76.3 percent and children aged 6-16 enrolled in school the proportion of population with access was 88.5 percent which is more than 10 to sanitary toilet facilities was 71.4 percent. percentage points short of the 2015 target • Proportion of households with landlines/ of universal education. telephone lines was a meager 1.2 percent • Only 26.4 percent of women held but this is due to the province’s geophysical elective positions in the province at the characteristics. barangay, municipal and provincial levels. • Proportion of population with cellular • Contraceptive prevalence rate phones was 27.0 percent but increasing. was 32.0 percent while the proportion of • Proportion of population with computers couples using condom among those who was low at only 3.34 percent because of the are practicing family planning was only 1.4 difficulty in obtaining internet connection. percent. • Prevalence of death rates associ- Posing great challenge: ated with tuberculosis was high at 46.68 • Proportion of population below poverty percent. threshold was staggering at 68 percent • Proportion of population under and those below food threshold was inadequate living condition was 43.1 55.7percent. percent because of the water and sanitation • Proportion of children 6-12 years old component. enrolled in elementary education was 77.1 percent, those 13-16 years old enrolled in Here is the summary of the status of the high school was 78.4 percent and those MDG indicators based on the 2007 CBMS result. 15 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  17. 17. Table 1. Summary of findings of MDG indicators, Province of Romblon, 2007 16 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  18. 18. Table 1. (Contrinued) Source: CBMS Survey 2007 17 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  19. 19. To achieve the MDG targets, the conver- the potential of our vast surrounding seas gence of service providers from the national and develop industries based on marine down to the local level is required. Likewise, resources. the concerted efforts of all stakehold- ers, including participation of NGOs is 2. Achieve Universal Primary Education necessary to overcome the great challenge, It is noted that completion rate for both particularly on poverty and education. elementary and high school is quite low. The prioritization of our meager financial Strengthening the Early Childhood Care resources to engender the desired results and Development (ECCD) program/ will help in the realization of our targets but daycare services and expanding the we still need to seek outside fund sources to pre-elementary education services of the be able to implement the myriad strategies Department of Education (DepEd) would and projects essential for the attainment of help the students for the transition into the the MDGs. elementary education system including their readiness; hence will reduce dropouts. Recommendations Intensify the Alternative Learning Service for the areas very far from educational 1. Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger institutions and provide additional Special To make an inroad in conquering poverty, Education (SPED) classes for those children the national and provincial governments with special needs. The Tuloy Aral Walang together with the LGUs must align provision Sagabal (TAWAG) program of the Depart- of interventions needed to uplift the ment of Social Welfare and Development socioeconomic conditions. Microfinancing (DSWD) should be expanded to cover and small scale industries could trigger all municipalities. Improvement of school progress coupled with strengthening of facilities including provision of books and marketing linkages, particularly for the instructional materials will also inspire marble and coconut based products. It children to study. We also need to provide would be advantageous if each LGU can scholarship programs for deserving but put up one industry to boost and increase poor students. Local School Boards should the earning power of the people. look deeper into the issue of low participa- tion in both elementary and high school. Due to our geophysical characteristics, it Reasons for dropouts must be evaluated is desirable to promote the tourism industry for proper strategies and solutions to be that could create job opportunities. To implemented. provide alternative sources of income we should encourage our students to take 3. Promote Gender Equality and Women technical/vocational courses. To enhance Empowerment agricultural production, our Agricultural There is a pronounced trend that fewer Technologists must go out of their way to males attend secondary and tertiary teach the marginalized farmers with innova- education. Provision of livelihood projects tive farming techniques, including use of to augment family income and short term modern farm inputs. Likewise, we should tap technical and practical courses would 18 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  20. 20. encourage some of them to at least finish the area of governance could make them high school. To address this concern, a realize that they could also make a differ- study must be made to determine the real ence and contribute to the well being of the reasons so that adequate policies and community. interventions could be put in place. 4. Reduce Child Mortality For women empowerment, provision Institutionalizing the facility based birthing of livelihood skills training with gender through upgrading of health facilities into advocacy could increase their self-esteem standard Comprehensive Emergency and will enable them to be productive Obstetric and Newborn Care (CEMONC) members of the community. The establish- facility in the case of hospitals and for the ment of a One-Stop-Shop for victims Rural Health Units (RHUs) into a standard of abuse and the Women’s Desk will Basic Emergency Obstetric and Newborn encourage more women to report cases Care (BEMONC) facility. Improve services of atrocities. Information and dissemina- of RHUs to include regular weekly/monthly tion of the VAWC law will help decrease visit to remote barangays. Implementation marital abuses including maltreatment of the Responsible Parenting Movement of children. To encourage more women (RPM) through parents association could to seek elected position and serve their generally encourage couples to practice communities, women’s success stories in birth spacing using whatever method is 19 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  21. 21. acceptable to them. Provision of Adoles- laws must be adhered to stop the degrada- cent Health and Youth Development tion of our environment and start reversing programs would also address the issues of the process. Approval of the Sangguniang teenage pregnancies. Panlalawigan of the proposed Environmen- tal Code is a priority to guide us in our quest 5. Improve Maternal Health for environmental sustainability. Involvement and active participation of all stakeholders, particularly the Municipal Expansion and establishment of fish Health Officers (MHOs) can make a lot of sanctuaries, rehabilitation of mangroves difference, particularly in service delivery and regular coastal cleanup can improve and implementation of innovative program our marine resources. Reforestation of all interventions. Utilize the Barangay Nutrition forest lands, including Mt. Guiting-guiting Scholars (BNS) to monitor pregnant women Natural Park and support the Integrated in their areas and encourage them to Social Forestry (ISF) and Community- submit themselves for prenatal check-ups. Based Forestry Management (CBFM) Replicate the innovative practices like the programs to hasten the recovery of our Buntis Baby Project of LGU Cajidiocan forest cover. Immediate attention must that encourages mothers to seek prenatal be made to rehabilitate our watershed consultations through a savings scheme areas to improve current water sources. for use at birth. Continuous information, Strengthen the implementation of the education, and communication (IEC) on Integrated Coastal and Marine Resources Reproductive Health and encourage would Management (ICMRM) to cover all areas be mothers to submit for prenatal checkup. so that all economic activities could be monitored. Proper mobilization of “Bantay 6. Combat HIV/AIDs, Malaria and other Diseases Dagat” agents to apprehend encroaching Be vigilant to maintain the situation by commercial fishing vessels in municipal providing the much needed information waters and strict implementation of fishery dissemination campaign on the prevention laws and fines to discourage them. as well as providing medical examination to suspected carrier or infected individual. On For the informal/illegal settlers, establish- tuberculosis, encourage all RHUs to seek ment of housing projects for their reloca- accreditation to be a Tuberculosis Directly tion including provision of livelihood Observed Treatment Scheme (TB DOTS) opportunities will dramatically improve their facility to better respond to the challenge socioeconomic condition. For waterless of providing treatment and cure to TB families, improvement of water system positive patients. Provision of a sustained facility and provision of toilet bowls for IEC campaign to encourage client to submit those without sanitary latrines would ensure for sputum test and take complete treatment their health. coupled with advocacy for a tuberculosis-free LGU. For those living in makeshift housing, expanding the core shelter assistance of 7. Ensure Environmental Sustainability the DSWD would address some of them Strict implementation of environmental together with the provision of skills training 20 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  22. 22. and livelihood assistance. Expansion of the Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA), hence, 4Ps (Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program) the 20 percent allocation for develop- would significantly improve the conditions ment projects of the provincial govern- of the poorest of the poor. ment is a meager P80M yearly which is further allotted to social services sector, 8. Development for Global Partnership economic services sector and general Provision of career options particularly public sector, including payment for loan for our younger generation could bring in obligations. development because of a highly educated labor force. Priority is the establishment of a The estimated funding requirement for Research Facility for research studies in any the proposed plans/programs/activities field, particularly, on the endemic species for the next six years for the achievement and biodiversity found in Sibuyan Island, of the MDG targets in 2015 is around and high value agricultural products suited P560M which partly has to be sourced to the province’s unique land characteris- out from funding agencies including tics. Official Development Assistance (ODA) for the province to realize local targets. Improvement of internet access including relay stations for cell signal to increase For the health reform program, the communication within and even outside province received a grant from the the country is a must. Encourage all High European Commission amounting School Principals provincewide to include to P77M and an additional P35M computer literacy in their academic curricu- from the Department of Health (DOH) lum for students to be ready for college and counterpart for a total of P112M health their chosen field in the future. package under the Province-wide Investment Plan for Health (PIPH) for a four-year implementation period which Funding Requirements is not reflected in the proposed plans/ program/activities found in the latter The province including the component part of this report under Financing the LGUs are highly dependent on the MDGs. 21 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  23. 23. Part 1. Provincial Profile 1. History The Negritoes were the aborigines of the The Japanese Imperial Forces maintained islands comprising the province of Romblon. a garrison in Romblon during World The Mangyans were the first settlers. Today, War II from 1942 until the Naval Battle these groups of inhabitants are almost extinct of Sibuyan on October 25, 1945. The with only a few of their descendants living in islands became the center of considerable the mountain of Tablas and in the interior of resistance movement under the direction of Sibuyan Island. A great portion of the present General Macario Peralta, Jr. from his Panay population descended from the Nayons and headquarters. One of the most exciting the Onhans who immigrated to the islands incidents of the Pacific War took place from Panay and the Bicols and Tagalogs who in the waters of Romblon, the Naval Air came from Luzon as early as 1870. Battles between Japanese Admiral Kurita’s Fleet from Singapore and Admiral Halseys’ Romblon was created as a regular carrier planes from the American Third Fleet province in 1901 but due to insufficient then stationed east of the Philippines. income, it became a subprovince of Capiz in 1907 until December 7, 1917, when Act The province of Romblon was liberated on No. 2724 reestablished the former province March 12, 1945 by units of the 24th Infantry of Romblon. Under Commonwealth Act No. Division under the command of a Colonel 581, enacted without executive approval on Clifford. On January 1, 1947, Romblon June 8, 1940, the province was reorganized regained her Provincial Status through the with four towns, namely: Tablas (embracing passage of Republic Act No. 38, which Odiongan, Looc, Badajos, Santa Fe and was sponsored by Congressman Modesto Despujols), Romblon (comprising Logbon, Formilleza. The law not only repealed C.A. Cobrador and Alad), Banton (involving 581 but also restored the regular provincial Simara and Maestre de Campo), and government and the Municipalities of Sibuyan (with the towns of Cajidiocan, Romblon and created the municipality of Magdiwang and San Fernando). Santa Fe. 22 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  24. 24. Figure 1. Location of Romblon Province 2. Geo-Physical Environment its 17 municipalities, nine are located in Tablas Island (San Agustin, Calatrava, The province of Romblon is strategi- San Andres, Odiongan, Ferrol, Santa Fe, cally situated at the center of the Philippine Looc, Alcantara and Santa Maria), three Archipelago. It is composed of three major in Sibuyan Island (Magdiwang, Cajidiocan islands (Tablas, Sibuyan and Romblon) and San Fernando) and five (Romblon, San and seventeen minor and small islands. Jose, Banton, Concepcion and Corcuera) It is surrounded by deep waters, and is are island municipalities. bounded by the islands of Masbate in the east, Mindoro in the west, Marinduque The province is generally mountainous in the north and Panay in the south. It with about 40 percent of its land area is approximately 187 nautical miles and having slopes greater than 50 percent. Only 169 air miles south of Manila. The islands 4 percent of the total area has 3 to 8 percent are dispersed and accessible only by sea slopes while a sparse 10 percent has 0 to 3 transportation except for Tablas Island percent inclination. Narrow strips of coastal where a domestic airport is located in the lowlands, low hills and plains typify the municipality of Alcantara. topography of some of the islands. The total land area of the province is The major locations of areas that are approximately 1,355.9 sq. km. represent- highly productive and buildable are ing about 5.30 percent of the total land basically in Tablas and Sibuyan Islands. In area of Region IV-B (MIMAROPA). Of Tablas, these maybe found in Odiongan, 23 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  25. 25. San Andres, Looc and Santa Fe. All three municipalities in Sibuyan Island on the How Romblon Got Its Name other hand, have substantial level to gently A legendary tale tells of how Romblon got its sloping lands. Overall, good developable name. When Loarca’s expedition touched sand lands represent only about 13 percent of in Romblon, one of the soldiers rumbled in the the province’s total area. beach. Tired of strolling, he felt thirsty, went up a house and asked for a drink. The low-built The province of Romblon falls under Type hut where he went up was a primitive one-room shelter. Inside it was a hen’s nest somewhere at III of the Corona’s climatic classification the top of a post near the window. A hen was system. It is characterized by no pronounced hatching eggs therein. The Castillan soldier in- wet and dry seasons. Generally, the wet quired if he could get the chicken for free. The season is from June to November and house occupant, a young woman, did not com- sometimes extends up to December when prehend what the visitor said so she answered in the southwest monsoon is predominant. the dialect “nagalomlom”, meaning the chicken The dry season is from January to May that was brooding. Perplexed, the Spanish soldier left the house muttering in disgust the word “naga- is sometimes interrupted by erratic rainfall. lomlom”. Then when he returned to the ship he was asked where he had been and he answered 3. Population and Social mockingly - “nagalomlom”. Environment When the Iberians left, they named the island Population “Nagalomlom” until it was corrupted to Domblon, As of Census 2007, Romblon has a and later on modified to Romblon. population of 279,774. It ranked 4th Since then, the group of islands scattered in among the five provinces of Region IV-B the surrounding water area was named Romblon. (MIMAROPA) and had about 11 percent share of the total regional population. The most populous municipalities in the province Population density for the province stood at are Odiongan, Romblon and San Fernando. around 206 persons per sq. km. Population Combined, these three municipalities density is highest in the island municipalities accounted for 36 percent of the provincial of Corcuera with 465 and San Jose with population. 326 persons per sq. km. The least densely The municipalities with the least popula- populated municipalities are Calatrava and tion are Concepcion and Ferrol with only Magdiwang with 112 and 115 persons per 4,166 and 6,595 population, respectively. sq. km. respectively. Population growth rate for the province was registered at 0.78 for the period 2000 to Health Services 2007, the second lowest in the MIMAROPA There are eight hospitals in the province, region. The municipalities that showed the all of which are government-owned. The highest population growth rates are Santa hospitals in Tablas Island are the follow- Fe and San Jose with 1.99 and 1.90. Two ing: Romblon Provincial Hospital (RPH) in municipalities registered a negative growth Odiongan (75 beds), Tablas Island District rate, Concepcion with -1.60 and Corcuera Hospital (TIDH) in San Agustin (25 beds) with -0.90, both island municipalities. Don Modesto Formilleza District Hospital 24 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  26. 26. Table 2. Demographic Features, By Municipality 3.3 Education Based on the report from the DepEd Division of Romblon for CY 2007-2008, there are 477 schools offering pre-elementa- ry, elementary and secondary education in the province. For pre-elementary, a total of 200 schools of which 18 are private and 182 are public serves the province. For elementary, a total of 226 schools, 11 of them private and 215 public schools. For secondary, a total of 51 schools are available, 10 are private, 38 Source: NSO, 2007 Census of Population are public and 3 are under State University/College (SUCs). Enroll- (DMFDH) in Looc (25 beds) and San Andres ment for the same schoolyear totals 8,307 District Hospital (6 beds). In Sibuyan Island, for pre-school, 51,995 for elementary and the Sibuyan District Hospital in Cajidiocan 27,122 for secondary. The report further can accommodate 25 in-patients. In the shows that almost 95 percent of the basic island municipalities, the San Jose District education enrollees in the division are in Hospital in San Jose has 10 beds, the public schools, as can be gleaned from the Malipayon District Hospital in Corcuera has table below. 10 beds and the Romblon District Hospital in the capital town of Romblon has 75 For elementary school participation rate, beds. The total bed capacity of the eight Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER) or those hospitals is 251 or a bed to population ratio enrolled in elementary regardless of age of 1:1,115. Table 3. Number of Schools and Enrollment Data, SY 2007-2008 25 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  27. 27. for CY 2007-2008 is 98.7 percent while Net Due to the geographical condition of the Enrollment Ratio (NET) or those enrolled in province, crops and livestock production is elementary age 6-12 is only 80.22 percent. generally deficient as compared to the food For the same year, elementary comple- requirements of Romblon population. To tion rate is recorded at 68.05 percent. For meet the rice requirements, Romblon relies secondary participation rate for the same on imports from the neighboring provinces period, the division recorded a GER of 72.8 where vegetables, poultry meat, vegetables percent while NET or those enrolled in high and fruits are supplied mostly by Luzon. school aged 13-16 is only 52.3 percent. Completion rate for secondary school Coastal Marine Resources for the same period is recorded at 72.22 percent. Fishing industry can be a major enterprise as Romblon is surrounded by bodies of 4. Local Economy water. The fishing ground of Romblon is a migratory path of fishes from Sulu and Agriculture and Livestock Visayan Seas passing Tablas Strait, Sibuyan Sea and Romblon Pass. The waters also Agriculture is the main industry in the abound with demersal fishes due to the province. Coconut is the number one crop coral reefs surrounding the islands. with a total planted area of 58,270.44 hectares. San Agustin has the most Because the province has a great potential extensive area with coconut plants followed for aqua/marine development, the province by Romblon and Cajidiocan. Rice is the implemented a coastal and resource next crop being produced particularly in management program. Each municipality Odiongan, Looc, Cajidiocan and Santa established a fish sanctuary and passed Fe. Other crops grown include root crops, laws on fishery. The use of compressor in vegetables and fruits. Odiongan, Banton the municipal waters was regulated and and Magdiwang have the greatest areas banned altogether in some municipalities. planted with root crops and correspond- ingly, with the highest volume of production. Mineral Resources Vegetable production is mostly for home consumption and grown in small scale. Marble is the most significant mineral deposit of Romblon and is the most Livestock development and poultry renowned product of the province. Based production is a viable smallscale enterprise on statistics, Romblon is the second biggest for farmers in the province. The provincial provincial marble producer of the country government maintains breeding facilities next to Bulacan. Romblon marble is of very in strategic locations provincewide to high quality and comes in shades of white, encourage farmers to engage in livestock green, pink, red and black. The Mines and poultry production to augment their and Geosciences Bureau has estimated income. Livestock and poultry manage- that Romblon is endowed with about 150 ment training and seminars is provided to million metric tons of marble. At current interested clients. rates of extraction, the supply may last for 26 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  28. 28. three more centuries. Tablas Island is also percent of these road networks are located believed to have vast reserves of marble. in Tablas Island. By road category, majority are national roads with total length of Marble quarrying and processing are 311.046 kilometers, followed by provincial major activities in Romblon. Among the roads with 239.005 kilometers. There is no most common marble products are catego- available data for municipal and barangays rized into the following: novelty items (gifts, roads. By surface type, most of the roads ashtray, table bars), furniture (dining tables, were paved by gravel/earth, portions of baptismal fonts) and construction materials circumferential roads are also concrete as (tiles, balusters, marble chips). well as most roads in Poblacion. Other mineral resources with consider- The primary modes of land transportation able quantity include nickel ore and gold in the province are jeepneys, motorcy- mostly to be found in Sibuyan Island. cles, mini-buses and tricycles that serve Gold panning and smallscale mining is a inter-municipal movements and linkages. lucrative undertaking in the municipality of Motorized bancas provide transport means Magdiwang. from island to island. At present, there is an available domestic flight in Tablas Island Tourism to and from Manila three times a week. Romblon’s exotic blend of sun, sea and Roll-on/roll-off (RORO) ships facilitate forest, together with its peaceful and friendly movement outside the province via the port people make it an enchanting destination for of Batangas. nature and adventure travelers. Both local and international tourists can have their pick Water Supply of diverse and interesting places and activi- Out of 17 municipalities, 14 have Level III ties they can find in our 20 islands and islets. water supply systems serving about 32.57 The province has white sand beaches, secret percent of the total provincial households. coves and serene islets, waterfalls, historic Level III has a reservoir with house-to-house sites, old churches and caves believed to connections. Majority of households in the be ancient burial sites. Mt. Guiting-Guiting province were serviced by Levels II and I Natural Park in Sibuyan Island is a famous water system. Level I category is a common site for mountain climbing. Moreover, it is a facility where the community members get center for plant diversity and home to many their water supply from shallow wells and native, endangered and rare and vulnerable deep wells while Level II has a reservoir birds, mammals and reptiles. with communal faucet. Based on the 2007 CBMS report, the proportion of population 5. Infrastructure/Utilities/Facilities with access to safe drinking water is 76.28 percent. Road Network The coastal roads traversing the major Power Supply islands of Romblon, Sibuyan and Tablas Power supply is generated by the National Island form the backbone of the road Power Corporation (NPC) and serviced by network of the province. Roughly 70 two electric cooperatives. 27 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  29. 29. Tablas Island Electric Cooperatives 6. Local Institutional Capability (TIELCO) serves the power needs of Tablas Island including the island municipality of Romblon has been reclassified as a third San Jose. As of 2006, TIELCO has a total class province as of CY 2002. A lone of 21,097 house connections. congressional district, it is made up of 17 municipalities and 219 barangays. Below Romblon Electric Cooperative is a list of the municipalities, the number of (ROMELCO) supplies the capital town of barangays and income classification. Romblon as well as Sibuyan Island. As of the year 2007, ROMELCO has 5,288 1. Romblon – 3rd class, the capital town house connections in Romblon and 5,150 comprising 31 barangays house connections in the three municipali- 2. Alcantara – 5th class municipality with ties located in Sibuyan Island or a total of 12 barangays 10,438 house connections in their franchise 3. Banton – 5th class municipality with 17 area. barangays 4. Cajidiocan – 4th class municipality with The Islands of Banton, Concepcion and 14 barangays Corcuera are attended to by the National 5. Calatrava – 5th class municipality with Power Corporation (NPC) through the 7 barangays municipal governments. 6. Concepcion – 6th class municipality with 9 barangays Telecommunications 7. Corcuera – 5th class municipality with The province has several operating 15 barangays telecommunication exchanges, namely: 8. Ferrol – 6th class municipality with 6 Kayumanggi, Romblontel, Odiongan barangays Telephone Corporation (OTELCO), the 9. Looc – 4th class municipality with 12 Telecommunication Office (TELOF), barangays Telegram System, Liberty Phone, Public 10. Magdiwang – 5th class municipality Calling Stations under the DOTC and the with 9 barangays Provincial Communication System (PCS) 11. Odiongan – 2nd class municipality radio transceivers and receivers. SMART with 25 barangays and GLOBE telecommunications have 12. San Agustin – 4th class municipality relay stations in the three urban centers of with 15 barangays Romblon, Odiongan and Cajidiocan. Most 13. San Andres – 5th class municipality areas in the province are already connected with 13 barangays through cellphones except in some places 14. San Fernando – 4th class municipality were the signal is weak or non-existent with 12 barangays because of towering mountains that block 15. San Jose – 6th class municipality with the signal. The triple peak in Santa Maria 5 barangays has a relay station for GMA, PLDT and 16. Santa Fe – 5th class municipality with Liberty Phones. 11 barangays 28 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  30. 30. 17. Santa Maria – 5th class municipality with 6 barangays There are several banking facilities in the municipalities of Odiongan and Romblon. Rural banks facilitate loans and savings account in the municipalities without commercial banks like San Agustin, Looc, Alcantara, Santa Fe, Cajidiocan and San Fernando. Based on the latest report from the Romblon Police Office, the province is considered one of the most peaceful in the country with a minimal volume of crimes. It has maintained the peace and tranquility of the place and never contributed to the destabiliza- tion of the country. The local communist movement is hardly felt in any part of the province with no atrocity committed against government personnel or establishment. Syndicated crime groups and criminal gangs continue to be non-existent and crime incidents are more often non-index crimes. 29 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  31. 31. Part 2. Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger Target 1.A : Halve between 1990 and Based on the report from the National Statisti- 2015, the proportion of people whose cal Coordination Board (NSCB), Romblon income is less than one dollar a day. ranked 10th poorest in 2000 (52.2%), 25th in both 2003 (37.5%) and 2006 (41.9%) among A. Status and Trends the 81 provinces of the country. According to the 2007 CBMS data, the proportion of Proportion of Population Below Poverty Threshold population below poverty threshold is a staggering 68.00 percent. The underlying The province of Romblon belongs to the 10 cause of widespread poverty in the province poorest provinces in the Philippines in 2000. is due to low economic returns as majority 30 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  32. 32. of the people are marginal farmers Figure2. Proportion of Population Living Below Poverty Threshold and fishermen with very little income generated in traditional farming and fishing. By municipality, the LGU that posted the highest proportion of population below poverty threshold is Ferrol with 80.47 percent followed by Magdiwang with 78.93 percent. Ferrol is a 6th class municipality and most of the employees working in the LGU are residents of the neighboring more prosperous town of Odiongan. The municipality that recorded the lowest proportion in this indicator is Odiongan with 56.27 percent. Odiongan is the only municipality classified as second class LGU, and where the only SUC in the province is located. Table 5: Magnitude and Proportion of Households and Population Living Below Poverty Threshold, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Source: CBMS Database 2007 31 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  33. 33. Figure 3. Proportion of Population Living Below Poverty Threshold Proportion of Population Living Below Food Threshold More than half (55.68%) of the Romblon’s popula- tion are living below food threshold. Ferrol ranked highest with 71.67 percent followed by Magdiwang with 68.96 percent. Odiongan has the lowest with 43.55 percent. Table 6: Magnitude and Proportion of Households and Population Living Below Food Threshold 32 Source: CBMS Database 2007 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  34. 34. Poverty Gap Ratio Table 7: Poverty Gap Ratio, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 The poverty gap ratio or the mean distance separating the population from poverty line is only 0.34. This suggests that the people of the province are not without hope of overcoming poverty if they were to be given a perfectly targeted intervention to improve their economic status. On this indicator, San Andres posted the highest ratio of 0.6 while Corcuera and Santa Fe posted the lowest ratios of .26. San Andres is basical- ly an agricultural area with farmers and tenants. On the other hand, Corcuera is an island municipality where most inhabitants engage in fishing activities. Figure 4. Poverty Gap Ratio Source: CBMS Database 2007 33 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  35. 35. Table 8: Employment Rate, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Source: CBMS Database 2007 Figure 6. Employment Rate Target 1.B: Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people Employment Rate Based on the 2007 CBMS data, employ- ment rate for the period is high at 97.73 percent for the province. Although most of the people in the province are employed, their jobs offer very little economic return. The LGU that posted the highest employment rate is Banton with 99.70 percent followed by Corcuera with 99.39 percent. Both are island municipalities whose major economic activi- ties are farming and fishing. San Andres has 34 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  36. 36. Table 9: Magnitude and Proportion of Households and Population who Experienced Food Shortage, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Source: CBMS Database 2007 the lowest employment rate with 84.78 Figure 6. Proportion of Population who Experienced Food Shortage percent and posted the highest poverty gap ratio in the entire province. Majority of the people employed in San Andres are tenant farmers with very low income. Target 1.C: Halve between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger. Proportion of Population Who Experienced Food Shortage Based on the 2007 CBMS data, the province recorded a proportion of 3.02 percent of population who experi- enced food shortage. Considering 35 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  37. 37. Table 10: Magnitude and Proportion of Underweight Children Under 5 Years of Age, by Sex, by Urbanity, by Municipality, 2007 Source: CBMS Database 2007 the high proportion of poverty incidence, Prevalence of Underweight Children it is interesting to note that only a scant Under 5 years of Age proportion of the population experienced food shortage. This is due to the fact that In the case of the province of Romblon, the Romblon is blest with abundant natural indicator on the prevalence of underweight resources. One can get food in the forest, children under five years old shows a rivers and the vast surrounding seas. very promising trend. Based on the data from the Office of the Provincial Nutrition The LGUs that posted a two digit proportion Action Officer (PNAO), the malnutrition in this particular indicator are Magdiwang prevalence rate in 1991 for the province with 16.19 percent and San Fernando with was recorded at 20.02 percent. The figure 10.32 percent, both in Sibuyan Island. These had steadily gone down since. However, two municipalities have indigenous people with the implementation of the International living in the mountains and are dependent Reference Standard (IRS), a high 19.04 on traditional farming. The rest of the LGUs percent was recorded in 2003. Data from posted zero or a low proportion of below the PNAO record of the yearly Operation 5 percent. Timbang (OPT) has shown a gradual 36 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  38. 38. Figure 7. Proportion of Underweight Children Under 5 Years of Age decrease on the malnutrition prevalence B. Current Policies and Programs rate since then. The elected officials of the province are Based on the 2007 CBMS data, prevalence very much aware that Romblon is among of underweight children under five years old the poorest provinces in the country. is recorded at 8.15 percent. The national Hence, most plans, program and activi- baseline data on this particular indicator ties prioritized in the 20 percent Annual is 34.5 percent and the national target for Development Fund (ADF) were geared 2015 is 17.3 percent. The current statistics towards the upliftment of the socioeconomic shows that the province’s data is below the condition of the people. The province and national target and will likely maintain this the LGUs have targeted the marginalized trend. At the municipal level, Magdiwang sector and provided them assistance in the registered the highest prevalence of form of livestock dispersal, vegetable seeds underweight children under five years old distribution and other livelihood opportuni- based on the 2007 CBMS data with 16.93 ties to help eradicate extreme poverty and percent. It was followed by Alcantara with hunger. For those people in crises situation 16.53 percent and Ferrol with 16.07 percent. and those affected by disaster or calamities, The municipality with the lowest prevalence the provincial and municipal governments rate is San Jose with only 1.52 percent. provided them with financial assistance 37 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon
  39. 39. and materials to help them overcome their ent weather. Coupled with the fact that the dire situation. However, due to financial province is generally mountainous, develop- constraints, the provincial and local govern- ment initiatives are limited to smallscale ments can only provide very minimal economic enterprises, not enough to spur intervention and cannot really sustain the massive economic growth. Because of these effort as other priority needs have also to limitations, the province does not attract be given preference. outside investment that could generate more job opportunities for our people. The National Government has also launched the Hunger Mitigation program Another hindrance in our efforts to allevi- which the provincial and local governments ate poverty is the meager income derived is trying to institutionalize in their local from local sources. The province has no programs to help achieve national target. tax base to generate income aside from real property taxes which is scant; hence C. Challenges the province is very much dependent on its share of the Internal Revenue Allotment The primary challenge for economic (IRA). Because there are not enough funds development and the eradication of poverty to pursue relevant economic initiatives or and hunger is basically our geo-physical even provide pump priming activities for environment. Being archipelagic in nature, short term relief, the province and most accessibility to some island municipalities LGUs are hard pressed to make do of what is very difficult particularly during inclem- they can with their limited resources. 38 Province of Romblon Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  40. 40. Supplemental Feeding Program for Malnourished Children Mrs. Gloria Elizabeth M. Merida –Nutrition Officer IV while holding the pot, while Mrs. Ara M. Magallon-Engineering Aide and Mrs. Estrella M.Galindez-office helper , watching. Although the province is technically poor implementation of the seven (7) because of the low income of most people, it is Philippine Plan of Action for Nutri- very pleased to report that malnutrition is an tion (PPAN) impact programs and area given priority and attention resulting to its facilitating activities were opera- low prevalence. This can be attributed to the tionalized provincewide. Under this relentless efforts of the provincial government, program, the Provincial Nutrition LGUs, as well as barangay officials in providing Committee was formed. Some of supplemental feeding for malnourished children. the facilitating factors that helped Feeding programs in the province are a concerted improve the malnutrition situation are: effort among stakeholders, thus, usually achiev- 1. Deployment of Barangay Nutrition ing the desired effect. The annual Nutrition Scholars (BNS) in all barangays Month celebration has proven to be an effective 2. Provision of prescribed salter-type advocacy mechanism that provides information weighing scales to all BNS province-wide on health and nutrition related issues. The local 3. Active involvement of PNC members Mr. Joey B. Morale-PNAO, watching the children falling in line to get „lugaw‰ 39 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Romblon

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