MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Eastern Samar


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MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Eastern Samar

  1. 1. Province of EASTERN SAMAR 1 Philippines Fourth Progress Report on the Millennium Development Goals using CBMS Data - Province of Province of Marinduque
  2. 2. Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Using CBMS Data Province of Eastern Samar
  3. 3. Foreword We must admit that tracking the progress of the province vis-a-vis the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is no mean feat. This Provincial Report initially attempted to utilize several sources of data so as to assess its progress on the eight Millennium Development Goals but the authors later discovered that different data sources used definitions of indicators that were mostly not congruent with the definitions used for the Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) indicators. Hence, a decision was made to turn this into a baseline report using the results of the first CBMS survey done in 2005-2006 on 22 municipalities and one city in Eastern Samar. After all, changes in progress (or regress, for that matter) would be next to impossible to track without baseline data. Therefore, the value of this report lies in its utility as a basis for comparison with results of later surveys done using the CBMS tool. The province has, in fact, launched its second round of province-wide CBMS surveys in 2009 and is in process of encoding the data gathered. The importance of other sources of data cannot be discounted. While the CBMS is the main source of data in this report, we also turned to other sources to get a richer and deeper understanding of the circumstances of the people covered by this study. The worthiness of CBMS lies in the fact that it can identify who the poor are, where they are and what kinds of interventions are most appropriate given their situations on the 13+1 indicators. Comparisons across municipalities, barangays and urban/rural populations and between genders are possible with CBMS but may not be possible with other data sources. As a management tool, the CBMS survey has already proven itself very helpful, especially when used hand-in-hand with other data sources in planning developmental strategies for the most disadvantaged and marginalized sectors. Overseas development agencies and other funding donors have learned to appreciate the value of CBMS and therefore used its results as bases for the level of assistance they would extend . Since the province of Eastern Samar first conducted its CBMS survey in 2006---16 years after the MDG reference year of 1990---it has to contend with the urgency of having to reach the MDG goals in five years (2015). Keeping track of the progress using the CBMS survey will entail commitment on the part of local chief executives to support and utilize purposively the results of the CBMS data. 2 Province of Eastern Samar Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  4. 4. Message The preparation of provincial MDGs reports is a critical step that Local Government Units (LGUs) have taken in the overall effort to localize the MDGs. As it is often said, the MDGs will be ‘won or lost’ at the local level given the conditions of uneven progress and disparities across regions and provinces in the country. Beyond the national averages, one can see wide disparities on the gains in poverty reduction, universal education, child mortality and maternal health. This situa- tion reinforces the notion that the progress of each province is just as important as the achievements of the country as a whole. After all, the Philippines’ progress towards the MDGs, is the sum of the efforts and gains of all LGUs. By preparing provincial reports, LGUs are provided vital information on the status of the MDGs in their areas of influence. These reports are important sources of information for planning, resource allocation and priority setting that LGUs are tasked under their mandate of effective local governance. Likewise, in the course of the preparation of the reports, the capacity of LGUs to collect, monitor and use data for decision making has been greatly enhanced. The reports also show how far the Community Based Monitoring System (CBMS) that UNDP has supported can go in terms of its use. Against the backdrop of renewed optimism emanating from the new political leadership, this first set of nine Provincial Reports on the MDGs is a timely and important milestone. The reports provide crucial insights on how to overcome the constraints in achieving the MDGs locally as the country gears towards the last stretch to attain the eight goals by 2015. They also emphasize the important role of active collaboration of political leaders, stakeholders, and donors in achieving the MDGs. I wish to commend the nineProvincial Governments that prepared their reports – the Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Biliran, Camarines Norte, Eastern Samar, Marinduque, Romblon, Sa- rangani, and Siquijor Province – the Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) Network and the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) for working together in bringing about this important accomplishment. With this initiative, it is hoped that other provinces will follow suit to attain nationwide support for the need to accelerate the pace of the achievement of the MDGs by 2015. y Dr. Jacqueline Badcock UN Resident Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative 3 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Eastern Samar
  5. 5. Message Republic of the Philippines PROVINCE OF EASTERN SAMAR Borongan OFFICE OF THE GOVERNOR As the newly elected Local Chief Executive of the Province of Eastern Samar, the publication of this report is timely and is very much appreciated. It is a rich source of information that provides a realistic picture of the situation of the province and its constituents. Having been a local chief executive for 24 years, I have learned to appreciate the importance of monitoring tools, among others, in public administration. The value of the Community Based Monitoring System (CBMS) is its unique characteristic of being able to locate specifically who the poor are, where they are and what their specific needs are. This is very important in planning and deciding pro-poor development interventions that are demand driven and relevant to the circumstances of our constituents. I am fortunate that the completion of the second round of the CBMS survey happens during my administration. The results will help us track changes and assess how much we have accomplished and what more we need to do so that MDG goals and targets will be reached, if not approximated, by 2015. My administration will see to it that CBMS will play a major role in the attainment of the vision and mission of uplifting the quality of life in this province. And hopefully this will contribute, no matter how minimal, to the global design of a poverty free world. Mabuhay tayong lahat! HON. CONRADO B. NICART, JR. CONRADO D Governor 4 Province of Eastern Samar Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  6. 6. Message The formulation of the Provincial MDG Report is very helpful in tracking our progress in relation to our commitment to attain the global goals and targets. It drives us to be more conscious of the status of various MDG indicators so that appropriate strategies and interventions will be implemented to respond to areas with low probability of attainment and to sustain those that have already been attained. It is incumbent upon local chief executives and development planners to utilize wisely the results of the Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) survey, together with other sources of information. Development issues are complex in nature that need collaboration in terms of data collection, analysis, and utilization. Best decisions and choices are made by those who are well-informed. The preparation of this Provincial Report on the MDGs based on the 2005-2006 CBMS results was made possible through a technical collaboration with the United Nations Development Programme through NEDA-SDS and the PEP-CBMS Network Coordinat- ing Team. Now on its second round, we will be able to better assess the developments in the lives of our constituents and thereby identify the means by which our vision for an improved quality of life can be fully attained. We are grateful to the PEP-CBMS Network Team for their technical support in the making of this report and to United Nations Development Program (UNDP) for the funding assistance through the Social Development Staff (SDS) of the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) for their technical assistance and support. We also thank the other provinces who went through the process of crafting the same report and provided the inspiration and motivation so that the seemingly enormous task became more manageable. HON. BEN P. EVARD . BEN EVARDONE E Representative, Eastern Samar 5 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Eastern Samar
  7. 7. Preface As one of the 189 countries that committed themselves to the United Nations’ Millen- nium Declaration to combat poverty, hunger, diseases, illiteracy, and environmental degradation worldwide, the Philippines must keep its promise of reaching the goals and targets set forth in this declaration by year 2015. Thus, it is essential that the performance vis-à-vis these goals and targets be monitored periodically and declared. We keep track of where we are and how much more we have to do, what resources are needed, and how much are needed so that the desired quality of life will be achieved. The implementation of the Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) in Eastern Samar in 2006 has facilitated the monitoring of its progress on the Millennium Develop- ment Goals (MDGs) and targets. In 2009, the CBMS was updated province-wide, and results are now in the process of being encoded. With this, a progress report can be formulated. Until then, the results of the first round of CBMS (2005-2006) will serve as baseline data upon which all other results can be compared. The preparation of this Provincial Report on the MDGs based on the 2005- 2006 CBMS results was made possible with financial assistance from the United Nations Develop- ment Program through NEDA-SDS and technical assistance from the CBMS Network Coordinating Team. Nine other provinces who took the same challenge of coming up with their provincial reports on the MDGs based on the CBMS stood as source of inspiration and wisdom. We also thank the stakeholders and partners from the provincial government, national government, the nongovernment organizations, faith communities, the academe, the media and the local and overseas development agencies such as United Nations Fund for Population Activities, the European Commission (EC), United Nations Children’s Fund, PLAN Philippines, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit or German Technical Cooperation (GTZ) Philippine National Red Cross (PNRC), Voluntary Service Overseas (VSO), World Bank, World Heath Organization, International Labor Organi- zation (ILO), Asian Development Bank (ADB) and Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) who are contributing to the attainment of the Province’s MDGs and targets. 6 Province of Eastern Samar Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  8. 8. Table of Contents Foreword ....................................................................................................... 2 Messages UN Resident Coordinator Dr. Jacqueline Badcock ........................ 3 Governor Conrado B. Nicart ........................................................... 4 Representative Ben P. Evardone ....................................................... 5 Preface .......................................................................................................... 6 Table of Contents ............................................................................................. 7 List of Acronyms .............................................................................................. 9 List of Tables ................................................................................................... 11 List of Figures .................................................................................................. 12 List of Maps .................................................................................................... 13 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ............................................................................. 14 Part 1. Provincial Profile A. History ....................................................................................... 18 B. Geo-physical Environment ............................................................ 19 C. Population and Social Environment ............................................... 20 D. Local Economy ............................................................................. 22 E. Infrastructure/Utilities/Facilities ....................................................... 23 F. Local Institutional Capability .......................................................... 25 Part 2. Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Goal 1 - Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger ................................................... 27 Goal 2 - Achieve Universal Primary Education ...................................................... 39 Goal 3 - Promote Gender Equality ...................................................................... 46 Goal 4 - Reduce Child Mortality ......................................................................... 51 7 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Eastern Samar
  9. 9. Table of Contents Goal 5 - Improve Maternal Health .................................................................. 57 Goal 6 - Combat HIV / AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases ................................. 65 Goal 7 - Ensure Environmental Sustainability ................................................... 70 Goal 8 - Develop a Global Partnership for Development .................................. 77 Part 3. Meeting the 2015 Challenge Priority Programs and Policy Responses ................................................ 80 Financing the MDGs .......................................................................... 82 Monitoring Progress Toward the Attainment of the MDGs ........................ 83 Part 4. Conclusion and Recommendations .......................................... 84 Explanatory Text ..................................................................................... 88 8 Province of Eastern Samar Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  10. 10. List of Acronyms ADB Asian Development Bank ARCP Agrarian Reform Community Projects BEONC Basic Essential Obstetrics and Neonatal Care BEmONC Basic Emergency Obstetrics and Newborn Care BHERT Barangay Health Emergency Response Team BHS Barangay Health Station BJMP Bureau of Jail Management and Penology CBMIS Community Based Management Information System CBMS Community Based Monitoring System CEmONC Comprehensive Emergency Obstetrics and Newborn Care DA Department of Agriculture DepEd Department of Education DOH Department of Health DOTS Directly Observed Treatment for Short Course Chemotherapy DSWD Department of Social Welfare and Development ECCD Early Childhood Care and Development ESPH Eastern Samar Provincial Hospital FAMH Felipe Abrigo Memorial Hospital FHSIS Field Health Service Information System GAD Gender and Development GIDA Geographically Isolated and Depressed Areas GOs Government Organizations GTZ Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit ILHZ Inter-Local Health Zone IMCI Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses InFRES Infrastructure for Rural Productivity Enhancement Sector JPMNH Joint Program for Maternal and Neonatal Health KALAHI–CIDSS Kapit-Bisig Laban sa Kahirapan-Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery of Social Services MDG Millennium Development Goals MOVE Men Opposed to Violence Everywhere 9 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Eastern Samar
  11. 11. List of Acronyms MSWDO Municipal Social Welfare and Development Office NAPC National Anti-Poverty Commission NDCC National Disaster Coordinating Council NDHS National Demographic and Health Survey NSCB National Statistical Coordination Board NSO National Statistics Office OPT Operation Timbang PNP Philippine National Police PNRC Philippine National Red Cross RHU Rural Health Unit TESDA Technical Education and Skills Development Authority UNFPA United Nations Population Fund UNICEF United Nations ChildrenÊs Emergency Fund USAID United States Agency for International Development VAWC Violence Against Women and Children VAW Violence Against Women VSO Voluntary Service Overseas WASH Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Program WCPU Women and Child Protection Unit WHO World Health Organization WHT WomenÊs Health Team 10 Province of Eastern Samar Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  12. 12. List of Tables Table 1 Summary Table of MDG and CBMS Indicators (Eastern Samar) Table 2 Distribution of Barangays by Municipality: 2003 Table 3 Population by Municipality: CBMS 2005 - 2006 Table 4 Number and Size of Households by Municipality: CBMS 2005 -2006 Table 5 Proportion of Households / Population Below the Poverty Threshold by Sex, by Urban/Rural Table 6 Magnitude and Proportion of Households / Population Living Below Food Threshold Table 7 Population Poverty Gap Ratio by Urban /Rural Table 8 Employment Rate of Population by Sex, by Urban/Rrural (CBMS) Table 9 Proportion of Households / Population Who Experienced Food Shortage Table 10 Prevalence of Underweight Children Under 5 Years of Age Table 11 Proportion of Children Aged 6 -12 Years Old Enrolled in Elementary Education Table 12 Proportion of Children Aged 13 – 16 Years Old Enrolled in High School Table 13 Proportion of Children Aged 6 – 16 years Old Enrolled in School Table 14 Literacy Rate of 15-24-Year-Olds by Sex and by Rural / Urban Table 15 Ratio of Girls to Boys in Education by Urban / Rural Table 16 Proportion of Children Aged 0 to Less Than 5 Years Old Who Died Table 17 Proportion of Infants Who Died by Urban / Rural Table 18 Proportion of Children Aged 1 to Less than 5 Years Old Who Died Table 19 Proportion of Women Deaths Due to Pregnancy-Related Causes Table 20 Contraceptive Prevalence Rate Table 21 Death Rates Associated with Tuberculosis Table 22 Proportion of Population with Access to Safe Drinking Water Table 23 Proportion of Households/Population With Access to Sanitary Ttoilet Facility Table 24 Proportion of Households/Population Who Are Informal Settlers Table 25 Proportion of Population who are Living in Makeshift Housing Table 26 Proportion of Households/Population Living in Inadequate Living Conditions Table 27 Proportion of Households with Cellphones by Urban/Rural Table 28 Proportion of Population with Computers, by Urban/Rural Table 29 The CBMS-MDG Indicators and Their Definition Table 30 Poverty and Food Thresholds 11 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Eastern Samar
  13. 13. List of Figures Figure 1 Location Map of the Province of Eastern Samar Figure 2 Urban-Rural Population : CBMS 2006 Figure 3. Sex Distribution : CBMS 2006 Figure 4. CBMS Coverage in the Philippines (as of May 12, 2010) 12 Province of Eastern Samar Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  14. 14. List of Maps Map 1 Proportion of Population Below Poverty Threshold by Municipality Map 2 Proportion of Population Living Below Food Threshold by Municipality Map 3 Poverty Gap Ratio by Municipality Map 4 Employment Rate by Municipality Map 5 Food Shortage by Municipality Map 6 Prevalence of Underweight Children Under 5 Years of Age Map 7 Children Aged 6 -12 Years Old Enrolled in Elementary Education Map 8 Children Aged 13 - 16 Years Old Enrolled in High School by Municipality Map 9 Proportion of Children Aged 6 – 16 Years Old Enrolled in School Map 10 Literacy Rate of 15- 24 year-Olds Map 11 Ratio of Girls to Boys in Primary Education Map 12 Ratio of Girls to Boys in Secondary Education Map 13 Ratio of Girls to Boys in Tertiary Education Map 14 Ratio of Literate Females to Males Map 15 Proportion of Seats Held by Women in Elected Positions Map 16 Children Aged 0 to Less Than 5 Years Old Who Died Map 17 Proportion of Infants Who Died Map 18 Proportion of Children Aged 1 to Less Than Five Years Old Who Died Map 19 Proportion of Women Deaths Due to Pregnancy Related Causes Map 20 Prevalence and Death Rates Associated with Tuberculosis Map 21 Proportion of Land Area Covered by Forest Map 22 Proportion of Population With Access to Safe Drinking Water Map 23 Proportion of Population with Access to Sanitary Toilet Facility Map 24 Proportion of Population Who Are Informal Settlers Map 25 Proportion of Population Who are Living in Makeshift Housing Map 26 Proportion of Population Living in Inadequate Living Conditions 13 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Eastern Samar
  15. 15. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Community-Based Monitoring System months prior to the survey was only 0.4 (CBMS) survey, which was conducted percent. province-wide in Eastern Samar during • Proportion of children aged 0 to less the period 2005-2006, indicated a total than 5 who died in the last 12 months prior population of 385,875 consisting of 79,976 to the survey was only 0.9 percent. households, with an average household • Proportion of deaths among children size of five. The results of the survey, as aged 1 to less than 5 was only 0.6 percent. indicated in Table 1, show the status of the • Proportion of the population who are province in relation to the eight Millennium informal settlers was only 2.9 percent. Development Goals (MDGs). • Proportion of the population who are living in makeshift housing was only 2.3 Good News percent. • Around 78.7 percent of the population These results suggest some good news had access to safe drinking water. among the different indicators. Some targets • Proportion of the population with access show promise of being met by 2015 owing to sanitary toilet facilities was 69.5 percent. to the fact that programs and services of the • Employment rate in the province was local government units (LGUs) are focused 77.7 percent. on the needed areas. • Prevalence of underweight children Not-so-Good-News under 5 years of age was only 6.7 percent. • The literacy rate among population There are also not-so-good news as aged 15-24 was 96.6 percent. shown by the relatively poor performance • The ratios of girls to boys in primary, in some of the indicators. These indicators secondary and tertiary education are more also reveal that there is less likelihood of or less equal to 1; either 0.9 or 1.1. meeting some of the targets by 2015. • Proportion of seats held by women in elective positions in municipalities and the • Proportion of the population living below province was 46.5 percent. Majority of the the poverty threshold was 69.5 percent. elected officials in the six (6) municipalities • Proportion of the population living were females. below the food threshold was 59.4 percent. • Death associated with malaria was zero • Poverty gap ratio was 0.4 for the entire (0) since the province is malaria-free. province. • Proportion of women deaths due to • Proportion of the population who experi- pregnancy-related causes in the last 12 enced food shortage in the last 3 months 14 Province of Eastern Samar Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  16. 16. Table 1. Summary Table of MDG and CBMS Indicators (Eastern Samar) 15 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Eastern Samar
  17. 17. Table 1. (Continued) prior to the survey was 13.8 percent. • Proportion of infants who died in the • Proportion of children aged 6-12 who last 12 months prior to the survey was 2.5 are not enrolled in elementary education percent. was 23.4 percent. • Death rate associated with tubercu- • Proportion of children aged 13-16 who losis was about 33 per 100,000 popula- are not enrolled in high school was 43.2 tion. percent. • About 45.0 percent of the popula- • Proportion of children aged 6-16 who tion were living in inadequate living were not enrolled in school was 16.5 percent. conditions. 16 Province of Eastern Samar Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  18. 18. Posing a Great Challenge • More and better quality educational facilities for pre-school, elementary and • Poverty is the biggest cause for high school students must be accessible, concern. The provincial poverty incidence especially for those living in geographically is at 69.5. The challenge therefore is how to isolated areas. provide opportunities for and support family • Information technology and commu- income. nication facilities need to be expanded to • While only 13.8 percent of the include far-flung municipalities. province experiences food shortage, the proportion of those living below food The attainment of the MDG goals and threshold is high at 58.7 percent, indicat- targets depends largely on the political ing that majority are unable to meet the will to carry out the policy directions required food needs. Hunger mitigation and and on the provision of the necessary malnutrition need to be addressed. resources needed in operationalizing the • In the area of health, diseases such policies. For 2010, the province of Eastern as tuberculosis and other endemic diseases Samar has allocated 40.5 percent of its such as filariasis, schistosomiasis and 20-percent Development Fund to social dengue must be contained/controlled. services that include programs, projects • Reduction of maternal and child and activities primarily on health and deaths must be sustained. nutrition, education, water and sanitation, • Provision of basic services such and sports development. For economic as water, sanitation, and adequate living and support infrastructure, 7.1 percent conditions need to be addressed vis-à- and 17.1 percent, respectively, have been vis the need to ensure the protection and allocated. Financial, material and techni- sustainability of the environment and cal resources are expected from local and natural resources. foreign donors . 17 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Eastern Samar
  19. 19. Part 1. Provincial Profile A. History Llorente, Hernani, Gen. MacArthur, Salce- do, Quinapondan, Giporlos, Balangiga, Brief History of the Province Lawaan, Mercedes, and Guiuan. Eastern Samar became an independent The province has 597 barangays. province by virtue of Republic Act No. 4221, Borongan has the most number of baran- which Congress approved on June 19, 1965 gays with 61, followed by Guiuan with 60 dividing the then old province of Samar into barangays. The municipality with the least three separate provinces, namely: North- number of barangays (12 in all) is Maslog, ern Samar, Western Samar (subsequently followed by Balangiga, Hernani, and renamed Samar), and Eastern Samar. A Jipapad with 13 each. plebiscite held simultaneously with the November 1965 general elections upheld Table 2. Distribution of Barangays By Municipality: 2003 the conversion of Eastern Samar into a separate province. Political Subdivision Eastern Samar, a lone congressional district, is part of Eastern Visayas (Region VIII) together with other five provinces, namely: Leyte, Southern Leyte, Samar, Northern Samar, and Biliran. Local admin- istrative jurisdiction set in the Sangguni- ang Panlalawigan divides the province’s 23 municipalities into two districts, District I and District II. District I is composed of 11 northern municipalities that include the capital town Borongan, San Julian, Sulat Taft, Can-avid, Dolores, Maslog, Oras, Jipapad, San Policarpo, and Arteche. District II is composed of 12 southern municipali- ties, namely: Maydolong, Balangkayan, 18 Province of Eastern Samar Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  20. 20. Figure 1. Location Map of the Province of Eastern Samar B. Geo-Physical Environment Location and Boundaries Eastern Samar is the third largest province of Region VIII, next only to Leyte and Samar. It is in the eastern part of the island of Samar. The entire east coast of the province faces the Philippine Sea that forms part of the Pacific Ocean. Eastern Samar's other boundaries are: Northern Samar on the north; Samar on the west; and Leyte Gulf that merges farther south with Surigao Strait on the south. Borongan, the provincial capital, is approximately 550 air-kilometers southeast of Manila and around 65 air-kilometers northeast of Tacloban City, the regional capital. Land Area Eastern Samar has a total land area of 4,640.7 square kilometers based on the land area as certified by the Land Manage- ment Bureau to the Department of Budget and Management. The province's land area represents 19.98 percent of Eastern Visayas’ The province is within the Philippine fault total land area of 23,230 square kilometers. zone that averages 16 perceptible seismic shocks per year. The two major faults in Topography the province are located 4 kilometers east The interior part of the province is rough, of Giporlos in the N40 degree W direction, hilly, and covered with dense tropical and Jipapad in the direction of N60 degree vegetation. At the northwestern part are W to San Roque in Northern Samar. mountain ranges and peaks as high as 783 meters above sea level. Narrow ribbons of Slope plains hug most of the coastal areas and in some instances, the banks of major rivers The predominance of land with more than and their tributaries. The southern bank of 18 percent slope indicates the mountainous Dolores River holds the province's widest and hilly terrain of the province. These types contiguous plain. Quinapondan has a of lands make up three-fifths, or a combined smaller area of contiguous plains. 61.3 percent of the entire area of the 19 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Eastern Samar
  21. 21. province. Approximately 23.3 percent of the Table 3. Population by Municipality: CBMS 2005-2006 total land area or 1,042 square kilometers have slopes of less than 8 percent. Some 697 square kilometers considered as rolling to moderately rolling make up 16.0 percent. Climate Eastern Samar falls under the Type II climate as classified by Coronas, that is, it has no dry season but features a very pronounced maximum rainfall from Novem- ber to January. The northeast monsoon prevails during the rainy months while the westernly winds prevail during the months of less rainfall. C. Population and Social Environment Total Population The total population of Eastern Samar based on the 2007 Census of Popula- tion conducted by the National Statistics Office (NSO) was 405,114 persons, an Source: CBMS Survey 2005-2006 increase of 29,292 or about 7.8 percent over the 2000 census count of 362,324. This individuals were Maslog (3,707), Jipapad accounted for 10.4 percent of the region’s (5,245) and Mercedes (5,805), which total population of 3,912,936. Borongan accounted for proportions of 0.96 percent, registered the largest population at 59,354 1.3 percent and 1.5 percent, respectively. persons, which accounted for 14.7 percent of the province’s total population. This was Number and Size of Household followed by Guiuan with 43,469 persons According to the CBMS survey in or 10.7 percent; and Dolores with 34,522 2005-2006, the number of households in persons (8.5%). Maslog (4,788) and Eastern Samar reached 79,976, with each Mercedes (5,041) were the municipalities household consisting of an average of with the smallest population size. five persons. Borongan City recorded the Based on the Community-Based Monitor- highest number of households in 2006 with ing System (CBMS) Survey, the total 12,362, followed by Guiuan with 8,268 and population of Eastern Samar in 2006 was Dolores with 7,319. Maslog and Jipapad 385,875. Borongan led with 58,389 individ- each showed a number of households uals (15.1%), followed by Guiuan with that was less than 1,000. The rest of the 39,988 (10.3%) and Dolores with 35,047 18 municipalities had household counts (9.0%). Those with the smallest number of ranging from 1,104 to 6,446. 20 Province of Eastern Samar Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  22. 22. Table 4. Number and Size of Households by Municipality: CBMS 2005-2006 Figure 2. . Urban-Rural Population : CBMS 2006 In 2006, the CBMS survey revealed that the rural (70.6%) household population still outnumbered the household population in the urban areas (29.4%). Sex Distribution In 2000 report of NSO, there was a slight predominance of men over the women Source: CBMS Survey 2005-2006 population. Male household population numbered 192,274 or 9,424 more than the Urban-Rural Distribution female household population of 182,850. In 1995, about 30.9 (NS0) percent of the The sex ratio remained the same at 105 province’s household population lived in males for every 100 females from 1995 to urban areas. More than two-thirds, or 69.1 2000. percent, of the total household popula- The province has a relatively young tion constituted the rural population. This population and gradually diminishing distribution was comparable to that of the proportion at successive older ages. In region, where some 69 percent of the total 2000, 65 percent of the total population was household population lived in rural areas. below 30 years old. Of these, 51.6 percent In the last two decades, urban and rural were men and 48.4 percent were women. population grew at an even pace. For the There were more older (60 years old and three census periods 1980, 1990, and 1995, above) women than men. Of those 60 the proportion of population residing in the years old and above in 2000, 52.3 percent urban areas has been constant at 30 percent. were women and 47.7 percent were men. Likewise, the proportion of rural population There were more men than women in remained unchanged at 69 percent. 2006, according to the CBMS survey. The 21 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Eastern Samar
  23. 23. Figure 3. Sex Distribution : CBMS 2006 of the total population. Males had a higher proportion (48.1%) than the females (25.5%). Urban areas had a higher proportion (38.4%) than that of the rural areas (36.6%). The CBMS survey further indicated an employ- ment rate of 77.7 percent. Males had a significantly higher (83.7%) employment rate than females (65.5%). Employment rate was higher proportion of male population was slightly in the rural (79.0%) than in the urban areas higher (51.7%) than that of the females (74.6%). (48.3%). Poverty Threshold and Incidence D. Local Economy Among the six provinces in Eastern Visayas, Eastern Samar ranked next to the Family Income and Expenditures highest in poverty incidence (42.7%) of The province’s average family income families in 2006, according to the National was estimated at 71,527 pesos in 2000, Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB) up by 28.42 percent from the 1997 level of report. From the 36th poorest province in 55,694 pesos, the lowest in Region Vlll. The the whole country in 2003 it dropped to the average family expenditure in 1997 was 23rd ranking in 2006, indicating an increase 47,625 pesos, which increased to 61,742 in poverty incidence. pesos in 2000 (FIES; NSO 1997 and 2000). The CBMS survey showed that the Main Source of Income province had 50,772 households (63.7%) living below the poverty threshold in 2006. More than two-fifth---or 42.6 percent, to This translates to 268,104 persons or 69.5 be exact---of the families in Eastern Samar percent who are classified as poor. A higher derived their income from entrepreneurial or proportion of the males (70.2%) than of the family-operated activities; 24.2 percent from females (68.7%) was below the poverty salaries and wages; and more than one-third threshold. Those in the rural areas had (or 33.2 %) from other sources other than a higher poverty incidence (69.3%) than work such as cash receipts, gifts, pension and those in the urban areas (50.0%). retirement, rental of buildings, spaces and Annual per-capita poverty threshold other properties (FIES; NSO 2000). increased from P11,025 in 2003 to P13,873 in 2006. With this threshold, a family of five Labor Force and Employment members in the province should have a The CBMS survey 2005-2006 indicated a monthly income of P5,773 to meet its food total labor force of 143,530 or 37.1 percent and nonfood requirements. 22 Province of Eastern Samar Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  24. 24. E. Infrastructure / Utilities / Facilities The province is linked to Metro Manila through the Philippine-Japan Highway that Road Network traverses Western Samar to the ferry termi- The main road network of the province nals in Allen and Alegria, both in Northern runs through the major settlements and Samar. Buses of Silver Star Transport Line, along the coastal areas from Arteche to Eagle Star Transit, and CUL Transport Line barangay Buenavista in Quinapondan, travel this route from Balangiga, Guiuan, where it branches west to Lawaan and Oras, and Borongan. The average travel south to Guiuan. The total road network time from Borongan to Metro Manila is 24 had a length of 1,402.09 kilometers in 2005. hours. A total of 876.645 kilometers (62.52%) were Motorized tricycles are the means of barangay roads. Provincial roads totaled to transportation from the poblacion to the 214.571 kilometers that accounted for 15.2 nearby barangays. Public utility jeepneys percent while national roads extended to are the means of transportation between 311.08765 kilometers. municipalities within the province. The interior municipalities of Jipapad and Bridges Maslog are presently not reached by land A total of 125 bridges with a combined transportation because of the absence length of 5,064.1 linear meters comple- of roads linking them to the existing road mented the province’s road network. network. In 2007, there were 99 bridges along national roads and 26 along provincial Air Transportation roads. Of the national bridges, 80 were There are two existing airports in the concrete/steel modular bridge, 18 bailey, province but as of December 2005, there and one timber while provincial bridges were no scheduled commercial flights to had four concrete, three bailey and only the province. The Guiuan Airport, built 19 timber bridges. by the American Navy during the World Concrete bridges had a combined length War ll period, and the Borongan Airport of 4,528.7 linear meters or 55.32 percent of still cater to light private planes, chartered the total bridge length. Bailey-type bridges cargo planes, and military planes. The totaled 249 linear meters (31.6%) while the most convenient airport is at Tacloban City, timber bridges had a combined length of which is about 200 kilometers by road from 286.4 linear meters (13.2%). Borongan. Land Transportation Water Transportation Passenger buses regularly ply the Taclo- Inter-island shipping lines do not serve ban to Eastern Samar routes with final any Eastern Samar seaport. Commuter destinations in Borongan, Guiuan, Dolores, launches loading both passengers and and Oras. Regular travel time from Taclo- cargoes ply the Tacloban-Guiuan route ban City to Borongan via the Taft-Buray daily. Small vessels load cargoes between Road is approximately four hours, and a Borongan and Oras ports and other ports little over three hours via the South Samar like Tacloban City, Cebu City, and Legaspi coastal route. City. 23 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Eastern Samar
  25. 25. The province has 10 ports and causeways. Cellular phone services operated by Borongan Port is classified as a sub-port Smart Communications and Globe Commu- while the ports in Oras, Guiuan, Dolores, nications were available province wide and Giporlos are considered municipal since 2003. ports. Other ports or causeways are located in Arteche, San Policarpo, Sulat, Lawaan, Postal and Cargo Forwarding Services Mercedes, Balangiga, and Taft. There were 19 post offices in the province in 2005. These postal offices employed 28 Domestic Water Supply mail carriers. Borongan had three post In 2006 there were a total of 5,345 water offices and four mail carriers while all the systems facilities. Level 1 facilities, consist- other municipalities had only one mail ing of shallow and deep wells, provided the carrier. Four private cargo forwarders, domestic water requirements of majority namely: LBC, JRS Express, Aboitiz Cargo, of households in the province. This type and Western Union had been operating in of water source numbered 5,055---or 94.6 Borongan and handling mails, parcels, and percent---of the total number of water facili- packages. ties. Other households depended on Level ll and Level lll water systems. In 2006, there Radio Stations and Cable TV were 285 Level ll and five level III water Two AM radio stations are based in facilities. Municipalities with level III water Borongan and operate from 5:00 am to systems were Sulat, Hernani, Salcedo, and 9:30 pm. Both the government-owned DYES Maydolong and the city of Borongan, which Radyo ng Bayan and the Catholic Church- extended water connections to about 3,428 controlled DYVW operate on a power of households. 10,000 watts. There are four FM stations based in Borongan, Guiuan, Salcedo, and Irrigation Oras and have a power of 500 watts. There In 2006, there were 136 irrigation systems is no television station, but cable television in the province with a combined service area services are available in 21 municipalities. of 2,619 hectares. Most of the irrigation systems were fully and partially operational. Power The other systems were non-functional Electricity is directly provided by the Eastern and in need of immediate rehabilitation. Samar Electric Cooperative (ESAMELCO), The National Irrigation Administration has which derives most of its power supply from identified 18,723 hectares as potential the National Power Corporation (NPC)- irrigable area. operated Tongonan Geothermal Power Plant in Leyte. The interior towns of Maslog Telephone and Telegraph Facilities and Jipapad are served by solar-powered Three telephone companies operated in generating sets. Eastern Samar as of December 2005. These telephone companies were Innove Commu- As of August 2006, 398 (66.6%) of all nications (Globelines), BayanTel, and the barangays in the province had been government-operated Telecommunications energized to serve a total of 35,797 (49%) Office (TELOF). of all households in the province. As of 24 Province of Eastern Samar Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  26. 26. December 2009, there was an increase University, has master’s programs in in the number of energized barangays to agriculture, education, and management 463 (77.5%). In terms of households from and doctorate program in educational all municipalities, 45,096 (61.8%) of all management. potential households now have electricity. E. Local Institutional Capability Health Facilities In 2006, the province had 12 government Income hospitals, 10 private hospitals and clinics, The provincial government earned a total 26 municipal health centers, and 104 income of P386,216,737.02 in 2005, which barangay health stations. The government was up by 7.6 percent from its income hospitals include one provincial hospital, level of P359,103,607.82 in 2004. The five district hospitals, and six municipal total amount of income from local sources hospitals. The combined bed capacity amounted to P22,458,807.99, which was 4.9 in government hospitals was 310, while percent of the province’s total income. Tax private hospitals and clinics had 127 beds. revenues accounted for 42.1 percent while The bed-to-population ratio was computed non-tax operating income stood at 57.8 at 1:884. percent. Meanwhile, income from external sources accounted for 95 percent of the Number and Location of Schools total provincial income. Internal Revenue In SY 2005-2006, Eastern Samar had a Allotment estimated at P432,389,658.25 total 469 elementary schools, 458 of which constituted almost all (99.9%) of the exter- were government and seven were private nally source-out income. schools, 66 secondary schools, and eight tertiary schools. Administrative Structure Among the government elementary The provincial government employed schools, 304 were complete elementary a total of 1,101 regular personnel as of and 154 were incomplete elementary and August 2006. Out of this, 47.72 percent primary schools. Incomplete elementary (526) were women and while men comprise schools were usually located in the small the remaining 52.23 percent. The Provincial and hard-to-reach barangays with few Health Office, which has the mandate to enrollees. deliver hospital and primary healthcare services, accounted for 47.8 percent of Courses Offered the total number of provincial govern- The seven vocational schools has courses ment employees. The Provincial Engineer- in agriculture, crafts and home industries, ing Office, the infrastructure arm of the arts and trades, and fisheries. Cours- province, was the second biggest office es in tertiary schools, apart from post- with 167 staff, accounting for 15.17 percent secondary, were baccalaureate degrees of the provincial government employees. in management, education, agriculture, Other big provincial government depart- fisheries, tourism, engineering, nursing ments were the Office of the Provincial and commerce. The lone state college Agricultural Services, General Services in the province, the Eastern Samar State Office, and Sangguniang Panlalawigan. 25 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Eastern Samar
  27. 27. Elected Officials SP 2nd District: During the period 2004 – 2010 the CABACABA, Gorgonio B. governor of Eastern Samar was Hon. Ben SABULAO, Enerio M. P. Evardone. Hon Leander R. Geli was ABUDA, Jonas B. the vice-governor and acted as presiding BALDONO, Jenny G. officer of the Sangguniang Panlalawigan. REYES, Beatriz L. During the May 2010 elections, Hon. Evardone was elected as Representative for Civil Society the Lone Congressional District of Eastern Nongovernment and people’s organi- Samar. zations complement the efforts of government and business in the devel- The Honorable Conrado B. Nicart, Jr. opment of Eastern Samar. In 2006, 10 won as Governor during the May 2010 nongovernment organizations (NGOs) elections. The newly elected Vice-Governor operated province wide by extending is Hon. Christopher Sheen P. Gonzales. varied development services in educa- Other officials who compose the Sanggu- tion, potable water supply and sanita- niang Panlalawigan (SP) are as follows: tion, and healthcare. A few NGOs served as partners of government in SP 1st District: environmental protection, agricultural MONTALLANA, Joji N. development, and policy advocacy. BALATO, Floro Sr. B. In addition, there were 490 registered AKLAO, Aldwin U. cooperatives. Of these, only 96 (19%) CABATO, Celestino A. were operating in 2006. Services provid- SUYOT, Byron M. ed were credit financing, marketing, transport services, processing and other developmental activities. 26 Province of Eastern Samar Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  28. 28. Part 2. Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger A. STATUS Poverty Incidence Target 1: Halve, between 1990 and Poverty Incidence is estimated using the 2015, the proportion of people whose proportion of the population who are living income is less than one dollar a day. below the poverty threshold. 27 27 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Eastern Samar Province of Eastern Samar
  29. 29. Table 5. Magnitude and Proportion of Households/Population Living Below the Poverty Threshold, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Eastern Samar, 2005-2006 Source: CBMS Survey 2005-2006 The official poverty threshold used for the reference period 2005. For the refer- depends on the period the CBMS survey ence period of 2006, four municipalities of was conducted in a particular municipality. Balangiga, Balangkayan, General MacAr- Hence, the poverty threshold used in five thur, and Taft had a poverty threshold of municipalities---namely, Maslog, Jipapad, P13,704 for urban areas and P13,257 for San Julian, San Policarpo, and Sulat---was rural areas. P10,443 for urban areas and P11,638 for rural areas, both of which were based on The CBMS survey in 2005-2006 indicates the survey conducted in 2004. Fourteen that there were 50,772 households, repre- municipalities, namely Arteche, Borongan, senting 63.7 percent, in the province that Can-avid, Dolores, Giporlos, Guiuan, were living below the poverty threshold. Hernani, Lawaan, Llorente, Maydolong, Poverty incidence was higher in the rural Mercedes, Oras, Quinapondan, and areas (69.3%) than in the urban areas Salcedo, had a poverty threshold of P11,566 (50.0%). Of the total population in Eastern for urban areas and P12,659 for rural areas Samar, 69.5 percent (or 268,104) were below the poverty threshold. Of the male Map 1. Proportion of Population Below Poverty Threshold by Municipality population, 70.2 percent were below the poverty threshold while 68.7 percent of the female population fell below the poverty threshold. Among the 22 municipalities and one (1) city, poverty incidence was highest in the interior municipalities of Jipapad (86.4%) and Maslog (85.4%), followed by General MacArthur (82.0%), Dolores (81.6%), and Hernani (81.3%). The lowest poverty incidence was in the city of Borongan with 53.1 percent and in the municipalities of Taft (61.2%) and Oras (63.0%). The poverty incidence of the rest of the municipalities ranged from 66.0 percent to 81.6 percent. This indicates that majority of the members are living below the poverty threshold, as Source: CBMS Survey 2005-2006 evidenced by the provincial estimate of 69.5 percent. 28 Province of Eastern Samar Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  30. 30. Table 6. Magnitude and Proportion of Households/Population Living Below the Food Threshold, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Eastern Samar, 2005-2006 Source: CBMS Survey 2005-2006 Subsistence Incidence Municipalities with the highest proportion of their population living below the subsis- Subsistence incidence is estimated using tence level were Jipapad (80.2%), Dolores the proportion of households and the (75.7%), Maslog (75.3%), and Arteche population who are living below the food (75.1%). Borongan, as the capital town and threshold. commercial center, had the lowest propor- tion of residents living below subsistence The food thresholds in five munici- level: 42.3 percent. The other two lowest palities: Maslog, Jipapad, San Julian, were Taft at 50.6 percent; and Oras at San Policarpo, and Sulat for reference 51.1 percent. Other municipalities ranged year 2004 were set at P8,196 for urban over the 50 percent mark, suggesting that areas and P8,352 for rural areas. With majority of the population were below the 2006 as reference year for Balangiga, subsistence level. Balangkayan, General MacArthur, and Taft, the food threshold was at P9,795 for Map 2. Proportion of Population Living Below Food Threshold by Municipality urban areas and P9,813 for rural areas. Finally, for majority (14) of the munici- palities (Arteche, Borongan, Can-avid, Dolores, Giporlos, Guiuan, Hernani, Lawaan, Llorente, Maydolong, Mercedes, Oras, Quinapondan, and Salcedo), food threshold for reference year 2005 was set at P9,078 for urban and P 9,085 for rural areas. The CBMS survey shows that in 2005-2006, majority (52.9%) of households were living below the food threshold. This translates to a poverty rate of 59.4 percent among the population. A higher proportion of the households in the rural areas (57.7%) were living below subsistence level as compared to those in the urban areas (41.4%). Of the total males, 60 percent were below the food threshold while 58.7 percent of the females were considered poor. Source: CBMS Survey 2005-2006 29 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Eastern Samar
  31. 31. Poverty Gap Ratio Eight municipalities had the highest poverty gap ratio of 0.5; namely, Jipapad, Poverty gap ratio (based on poverty Dolores, Hernani, Arteche, General MacAr- threshold) is defined as the “mean distance thur, Maslog, Giporlos, and Mercedes. The separating the population from the poverty municipalities of Llorente, Balangiga, Sulat, line (with the nonpoor given the distance Maydolong, Can-avid, and Balangkayan of zero), expressed as a percentage of the had poverty gap ratios of 0.4. This was poverty line.” The poverty gap ratio of the followed by San Julian, Lawaan, Salcedo, province is 0.4 with the urban areas having Guiuan, Taft, Quinapondan and Oras with a lower poverty gap ratio of 0.3 compared 0.3 poverty gap ratios. Those places with to the rural area’s 0.4. the lowest at 0.2 were San Policarpo and Borongan. Table 7. Poverty Gap Ratio by Urban/Rural, Eastern Samar, 2005-2006 Target 1B. Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, Source: CBMS Survey 2005-2006 including women and young people Employment Rate Considered employed in this study are Map 3. Poverty Gap Ratio by Municipality those who are 15 years old and over as of their last birthday during the reference period and reported as either at work, or with a job but not at work. Employment rate is estimated using the total number of employed persons against the total number of persons in the labor force. In 2005-2006, according to the CBMS survey, the total members of the labor force is 143,530, which is about 37.2 percent of the total population in the province. In 2005-2006, the employment rate in the province was at 77.7 percent, according to the CBMS survey. Males had a higher proportion (83.7%) than the females (65.5%). Surprisingly, the employment rate in the rural areas (79.0%) was higher than in the urban areas (74.6%). Source: CBMS Survey 2005-2006 Employment rates in 2005-2006 were highest in Quinapondan (87.4%), Can-avid (85.1%), Oras (84.6%), Maydolong 30 Province of Eastern Samar Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  32. 32. Table 8. Employment Rate by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Eastern Samar 2005-2006 Source: CBMS Survey 2005-2006 Map 4. Employment Rate by Municipality (83.4%), Jipapad (81.2%), San Julian (81.2%), and Guiuan (80.7%). Lowest rates were in Hernani at 61.6 percent, Giporlos at 68.5 percent, and Taft at 68.8 percent. Twelve of the municipalities were above the provincial rate while 11, including the lone city of Borongan, were below the provincial estimate. Target 1C. Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger Proportion of Households who Experienced Food Shortage Food shortage is the experience of hunger and not having anything to eat in. The CBMS survey reports that only 12.76 Source: CBMS Survey 2005-2006 percent of the households experienced food shortage in 2005-2006. There were more Food shortage was experienced by in the rural areas (13.5%) than those in the majority of its population only in the munici- urban areas who experienced hunger. Of pality of Maslog (68.9%). This is followed the total population, 13.8 percent experi- by Balangiga (45.6%) and Sulat (38.0%). enced food shortage. A higher proportion Seven municipalities had below 10 percent of the males (14.1%) than of the females of its population experiencing food short- (13.6%) experienced the same. age in the last three months prior to the Table 9. Proportion of Households Who Experienced Food Shortage and by Urban/Rural, Eastern Samar 2006 Source: CBMS Survey 2005-2006 31 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Eastern Samar
  33. 33. Map 5. Food Shortage by Municipality below normal weights were classified as either underweight or malnourished, respectively. In 2005-2006, the CBMS survey shows that 6.7 percent (or 3,055 of 45,347 children) in the province who are under five years of age were underweight. Females had a slightly higher prevalence (6.9%) than the males (6.6%). Those in the rural areas had a much higher prevalence (7.5%) than those in the urban (4.8%). Based on this indicator, malnutrition was highest in Jipapad (64.2%), followed Map 6. Prevalence of Underweight Children Under 5 Years of Age Source: CBMS Survey 2005-2006 survey, with Dolores having the lowest at 5.6 percent. Thirteen of the municipalities had rates above the provincial percentage of 13.8 percent while the rest (around 10) municipalities fell below. Prevalence of underweight children under 5 years old The nutritional status of children below five years of age was determined through the Operation Timbang (OPT) results using the International Reference Standard where children having moderately and severely Source: CBMS Survey 2005-2006 Table 10. Prevalence of Underweight Children Under 5 Years of Age, by Sex and by Urban/Rural Eastern, Samar 2006 32 Source: CBMS Survey 2005-2006 Province of Eastern Samar Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  34. 34. by Maslog (20.7%), both of which are of cattle, 90 heads of carabao, and 254 interior municipalities. Ten municipalities goats were distributed to farmers in different had prevalence ranging from 4.4 percent municipalities. to 14.7 percent. The rest had proportions of malnourished children ranging from 0.2 The Fishery Conservation Project involved percent to under 4 percent, with Can-avid campaigns on fishery conservation on both garnering the lowest rate at 0.2 percent. marine and inland resources. The project While eight municipalities were above the also included artificial reef development, provincial average of 6.7 percent, Balan- fish shelter sanctuaries, and campaign on giga was at par and the rest of the fourteen anti-illegal fishing. To help the fisher folk, municipalities were below the average. the provincial government distributed 200 units of marine engines to fisher folks at low interest rate and affordable down payment B. CURRENT POLICIES AND PROGRAMS requirement. Poverty Alleviation Program Employment Program To respond to the poverty and hunger The Employment Assistance Program issues, the provincial government conduct- of the Provincial Government provides ed the Provincial Anti-poverty Summit in assistance in finding job opportunities, both 2007 and the Food Summit in 2008, which locally and overseas. Since 2004, seven resulted in a multi-sectoral comprehen- job fairs were organized by the province sive collaboration in facing the issues on to provide opportunities for local and poverty. overseas employment. From a total of 2,797 applicants who registered, 1,627 or 58.16 The Poverty Alleviation Program of the percent qualified for employment. province provides for livelihood assistance to cooperatives, Non-government Organi- Since 2007, P2 million was allocated for zations (NGOs), People’s Organizations the Overseas Support Program, a loan (POs) and other community organizations in facility with minimal interest for the place- the form of loans and equipment. Through ment fee of qualified overseas job seekers. the Agriculture Product Diversification and Fifteen recipients availed of such loan at Intensification Program of the Office of the P50,000 each and one recipient has already Provincial Agricultural Services (OPAS), paid in full. the provincial government distributed 340 hand tractors and 100 shallow tube wells In line with this, from 2005-2009, the to individual farmers and associations Technical Education and Skills Develop- or cooperatives at low interest rates and ment Authority (TESDA) has been able to affordable counterparts. train 42,801 individuals and out of which 91.17 percent (or 29,022) had graduated. It Additional income is provided to farmers was able to assess 22,821 applicants from through the Barangay Livestock Breed- various centers and provided certification to ing Loan Program and Goat Dispersal 78 percent (17,759) of those assessed. Of Program. Since 2006, a total of 343 heads those given an assessment, a total of 6,714 33 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Eastern Samar
  35. 35. were reported as employed. There remains Kahirapan-Comprehensive and Integrated more of those who were employed but not Delivery of Social Services (KALAHI-CIDSS) reported at all. project, which was jointly implemented by the Department of Social Welfare and From 2006-2009, TESDA provided schol- Development (DSWD) and the National arship under the Pangulo Gloria Scholarship Anti-Poverty Commission (NAPC) to (PGS) along areas with high employment counteract poverty in the country. From potentials; example, welders, butchers, 2004-2006, the 101 poorest barangays in plumbers, housekeepers,and domestic the municipalities of Sulat, Maslog, Jipapad, helpers. The most outstanding course Can-avid, Balangiga, and San Policarpo is the one for butchers as it produced 29 received economic support, physical infra- graduates who were sent to Canada. structure, basic service infrastructure, and This is followed by welders, which is in capability-building activities amounting to demand abroad and locally in shipbuilding P72 million. The local counterpart amounted companies such as Hanjin and Aboitiz. The to P29.8 million. Provincial Government gave scholarships to 808 TESDA trainees while the Pangulong Cooperatives Development Gloria Scholarship Program supported As of June 2007, there were 513 coopera- 1,412 scholars. tives that were registered in Eastern Samar. Twenty percent were categorized as On the second semester of 2009, TESDA operating after the conduct of a series of focused on helping its graduates land delisting of non-operating businesses which gainful employment through its jobs bridg- resulted in their dissolution or cancellation. ing program. So far, there are three opera- By revitalizing the Provincial Cooperative tional blue desks, or employment desks, Development Council, which was chaired strategically placed in the three TESDA by Governor Ben P. Evardone, capability institutions: ANAS, BNAS and SNSAT. building activities and technical assistance were made possible through coordination Every summer since 2004, the Special with member agencies. Program for the Employment of Students (SPES) of the Provincial Government Through the Cooperatives Savings provides summer jobs for qualified students Mobilization and Capital Build-up Program aged 15 to 25 years. A total of 1,148 (SMCBUP), innovative savings mobiliza- students have already availed of this tion and capital build-up schemes were program for the past 6 years. For this developed by the cooperatives themselves. summer, 250 slots will be made available In 2006, 89 cooperatives in Eastern Samar to qualified students. This is jointly funded generated P8,08 million in savings and by the LGU (60%) and DOLE (40%). almost P3.2 million increase in capital. KALAHI - CIDSS Tindahan Natin Program The most impoverished barangays in This is a poverty alleviation project initiat- the province became recipients of the ed by the national government for employ- World Bank -assisted Kapit-Bisig Laban sa ment generation, livelihood, and food 34 Province of Eastern Samar Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  36. 36. security. The project provides government- 10 farm-to-market roads 60.437 kilometers subsidized quality rice and noodles through long and costing P12.931 million. Three a store jointly identified and endorsed by President’s bridges worth P13.8 million in DSWD, City and Municipal Social Welfare Borongan, Guiuan and Sulat were also and Development Offices of the LGUs and completed. the Barangay Council. This has accred- ited 125 Tindahan Natin Operators and The Infrastructure for Rural Productiv- benefited 28,866 low-income families in 298 ity Enhancement Sector (InFRES) Project, barangays in the province.. which has a long-term goal of increasing rural income in areas with high agricultural This program has resulted in meeting the potential provided assistance worth more demand for quality rice at less cost among than P400 million for the construction poor families in far-flung areas. Qualified of 139.19 kilometers of farm-to-market operators were given the opportunity to roads in Can-avid, Arteche, Maslog, avail of the program and to manage a Balangkayan, Maydolong, Hernani, Sulat, simple business. and Dolores. Infrastructure Support Food Fortification Program Infrastructure support in the form of roads and The provincial government, through bridges are necessary to facilitate development the Provincial Health Office, began in the countryside. A total of 107 infrastructure implementing in 2000 the Philippine Food projects were undertaken from 2004 - 2009, Fortification Act of 2000 or RA 8976. This 56 of which were farm-to-market roads worth law mandates that staple food such as P102 million while 17 farm-to-market roads rice, sugar, flour, and oil be fortified with worth P50 million are still for bidding. From iron and Vitamin A. In line with this, the 2008-2010, a total of 610.62 kilometers of Food Fortification Program of the province barangay, municipal, and provincial roads aims to fight and eliminate micronutrient were repaired, rehabilitated and opened. malnutrition by increasing dietary intake Meanwhile, during the period 2005-2010, a of Vitamin A, iron, and iodine equivalent total of P316.3 million was utilized for infrastruc- to 50 percent of RDA contributed by forti- ture projects, with 72 percent of the funding fied foods. from the Department of Agriculture (DA) in the amount of P100 million, from National Disaster In relation to this, the micronutrient Coordinating Council (NDCC) worth P100 supplementation through the Garantisa- million and from the European Commission dong Pambata service provides a bi-annual (EC) grant of P27.6 million. week-long delivery of a package of health services to children between ages 0 – 71 Agrarian Reform Community Projects months old with the purpose of reducing (ARCPs) funded by the Asian Development morbidity and mortality among them. This is Bank (ADB) constructed 17 farm-to-market achieved through the promotion of positive roads that are 61.231 kilometers in length Filipino values for proper child growth and and costing P137 million. Locally funded development. This period of implementation ARCPs (provincial counterpart) completed started in 1995 and is still ongoing. 35 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Eastern Samar
  37. 37. For its efforts, the province was Llorente, Salcedo, Oras, and Balangkayan in given national recognition as the 2006 and 2007 and in Early Childhood Care Garantisadong Pambata Champion and Development (ECCD) program sites of of Region VIII for a consistently high Maydolong and Guiuan. This resulted in accomplishment in Vitamin A supple- decreased malnutrition and increased in the mentation and deworming of children knowledge, attitudes and skills of mothers in from 2007-2009. the prevention and control of malnutrition. Sources of funds include United Nations Pabasa Sa Nutrisyon Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF), PLAN This is an information-sharing type of activ- International and local government units. ity where mothers of malnourished children are taught how to properly select and prepare Home, School and Community Food Production family meals that are affordable yet nutritious This includes setting up of kitchen gardens for the prevention and control of malnutrition. in homes, schools, and communities; putting This was implemented in the municipalities of up of demo centers and nurseries, distribu- Arteche, Jipapad, Maslog, Lawaan, Balangi- tion of plant materials, small animals/finger- ga, Giporlos, General Macarthur, Borongan, lings and provision of technical assistance Sulat, Can-avid, Dolores, San Policarpo, in food production. Pabasa sa Nutrisyon Cum Supplemental Feeding Program Plus ÂGÊ (PSN CUM SF Plus G) This is a locally ini- tiated project at Brgy. Punta Maria, Borongan, E. Samar, conceptual- ized and implemented by the Barangay Nutri- tion Committee (BNC) through the Barangay Nutrition Scholar (BNS) with assistance from PNC as a strategic approach to address the mal- nutrition problem in the area. The three major program components are: Pabasa sa Nutrisyon, tion prevalence for both pre-school and school Supplemental Feeding and the “G” Strategy children was reduced in 2008 from 20.41% to (Gardening Component). 10.2% and from 22.41% to 5.17%, respectively. The beneficiaries were pre-school and school For this best practice, the barangay was the children, pregnant and lactating women, mothers recipient of a Provincial award as Most Outstand- and/or caregivers, nutritionally-at-risk families ing Barangay Nutrition Committee and the BNS and the entire community. as the Most Outstanding Barangay Nutrition As a result of this best practice, the malnutri- Scholar in 2008. 36 36 Province of Eastern Samar Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data