MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
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  • 1. Province of BILIRAN 1 Philippines Fourth Progress Report on the Millennium Development Goals using CBMS Data - Province of Province of Marinduque
  • 2. Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 3. Foreword This document titled Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data is the first provincial report which the province of Biliran has made with regard to attaining the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It is an embodiment of the aspirations set forth in the Millennium Declaration, with the analyses of the data based on the first round of the Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) survey conducted in the entire province, and the culmination of the collaboration of the PEP-CBMS Network Coordinating Team, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)-Philippines, and the nine pilot provinces. Although this report aims to measure and report on the progress of the LGU toward attaining the MDGs, it does so by comparing the status of the LGU in 2005 and 2006 with the target indicators; it does not attempt to present an annual assessment of progress, which is done in the national progress report. The Millennium Declaration has set 2015 as the target year by which most of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which established the benchmarks for reducing extreme poverty in practically all its dimensions, will have been attained. There are eight MDGs covered in this report, namely: 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger; 2. Achieve universal primary educa- tion; 3. Promote gender equality and empower women; 4. Reduce child mortality; 5. Improve maternal health; 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases; 7. Ensure environmental sustainability; and 8. Develop a global partnership for development. In 2005, the CBMS survey was conducted in the municipality of Cabucgayan as a pilot LGU. The following year, the CBMS survey was conducted in the rest of the seven municipalities through the initiative of Governor Rogelio J. Espina and the Provincial Government of Biliran, with funding support from the Institute for Democratic Participation in Governance (IDPG), a non-government organization, and in coordination with the municipal LGUs, the Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG), and the PEP-CBMS Network Coordinating Team. In October 2009, the Provincial Planning and Development Office of Biliran accepted the invitation of the PEP-CBMS to join the project on the Preparation of Provincial MDG Reports. The collaboration was effected by a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) ratified by the Sangguni- ang Panlalawigan (SP) through SP Resolution No. 312, s. 2009. Thereafter, the Provincial MDG Team was created and composed of Engineer/EnP Danilo L. Bonifacio, Provincial Planning and Development Coordinator (PPDC); Mr. Remigio S. Delfin, Planning Officer IV; and Mr. Oscar O. Borrinaga, Administrative Assistant I, all belonging to the Provincial Planning and Development Office (PPDO). 2 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 4. The project aimed to capacitate selected provincial governments to systematically measure, monitor, and report progress toward the attainment of the MDGs. The objectives were to track local progress toward the attainment of the MDGs, formulate a standard guide or methodol- ogy on how to prepare Provincial MDG Reports, and increase local awareness on how these reports can bridge local and national development strategies. To achieve these objectives, a series of training sessions were conducted, and aptly, the first session was a workshop on Processing of CBMS Data to Generate MDG Indicators. The main report consists of three parts: 1) a profile of the province, 2) progress report on the MDGs, and 3) a brief account on how the 2015 targets can be met. The section dealing with the provincial profile is limited to certain aspects of the LGU that have some relation to the MDG indicators whereas the presentation of the progress report is more detailed as it includes quantitative and qualitative data and information. Under the progress report section are tables and poverty maps that show the LGU’s current status and trends on attaining the MDG targets, the LGU’s policies and programs being implemented, the challenges it faces to meet the targets, and where appropriate, a short discussion showcasing its notable programs and projects. 3 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 5. Acknowledgments The members of the Provincial MDG Team of Biliran gratefully acknowledge the invaluable support to this project by the Honorable Provincial Governor Rogelio J. Espina, MD, FPOA, for his leadership and unwavering support not only in the preparation of this report but also in the conduct of the first round of the CBMS Survey; and by the PEP-CBMS Network Coordinating Team, through its team leader, Dr. Celia M. Reyes, and her staff for the technical assistance and guidance throughout the course of the report preparation. Special mention is made to Mr. Marsmath A. Baris, Jr., who is the focal person of the MDG Mentoring Team for the province of Biliran. The team would also like to extend its thanks and gratitude to the United Nations Develop- ment Programme in the Philippines for the support and advice through Ms. Corazon Urquico, portfolio manager; the NEDA-Social Development Staff (SDS) for providing useful inputs, especially during the critiquing; the participants from other provincial LGUs for the sharing of experiences and ideas; the Municipal Planning and Development Coordinators (MPDCs) of the Province of Biliran, who were responsible for overseeing the conduct of the CBMS Survey in the province, upon which this report is largely based; and to all those who have contributed in one way or another to the completion of this report. Biliran Provincial MDG Team 4 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 6. Message The preparation of provincial MDGs reports is a critical step that Local Govern- ment Units (LGUs) have taken in the overall effort to localize the MDGs. As it is often said, the MDGs will be ‘won or lost’ at the local level given the conditions of uneven progress and disparities across regions and provinces in the country. Beyond the national averages, one can see wide disparities on the gains in poverty reduction, universal education, child mortality and maternal health. This situation reinforces the notion that the progress of each province is just as important as the achievements of the country as a whole. After all, the Philippines’ progress towards the MDGs, is the sum of the efforts and gains of all LGUs. By preparing provincial reports, LGUs are provided vital information on the status of the MDGs in their areas of influence. These reports are important sources of information for planning, resource allocation and priority setting that LGUs are tasked under their mandate of effective local governance. Likewise, in the course of the preparation of the reports, the capacity of LGUs to collect, monitor and use data for decision making has been greatly enhanced. The reports also show how far the Community Based Monitoring System (CBMS) that UNDP has supported can go in terms of its use. Against the backdrop of renewed optimism emanating from the new political leadership, this first set of nine Provincial Reports on the MDGs is a timely and important milestone. The reports provide crucial insights on how to overcome the constraints in achieving the MDGs locally as the country gears towards the last stretch to attain the eight goals by 2015. They also emphasize the important role of active collaboration of political leaders, stakeholders, and donors in achieving the MDGs. I wish to commend the nine Provincial Governments that prepared their reports – the Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Biliran, Camarines Norte, Eastern Samar, Marinduque, Romblon, Saran- gani and Siquijor Province – the Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) Network and the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) for working together in bringing about this important accomplishment. With this initiative, it is hoped that other provinces will follow suit to attain nationwide support for the need to accelerate the pace of the achievement of the MDGs by 2015.s Dr Dr. Jacqueline Badcock UN Resident Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative 5 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 7. Message Republic of the Philippines PROVINCE OF AGUSAN DEL NORTE 6543 Naval, Biliran OFFICE OF THE GOVERNOR First of all, we wish to thank the CBMS Network Coordinating Team for its technical assistance in the preparation of the Provincial MDG Report of Biliran and to the UNDP-Philippines for galvanizing support for this tehni- cal collaboration, both of which have greatly facilitated the completion of this report. Special thanks also go to the staff of NEDA-SDS and the other provincial governments who took part in this project for their valuable insights in the crafting of the document. We are truly glad that there is now a subnational (provincial level) MDG publication so that we may learn from other LGUs’ concrete experiences and best practices as well as share our own in pursuing particular goals. As we move closer to 2015 when the goals and targets that have been set in the Millen- nium Declaration are supposed to be met, the formulation of the provincial report enables the concerned LGU to realistically keep track of the progress it has made in attaining these goals and targets at the local level because the assessment is based on the results of the CBMS survey. Initially, it would be difficult to measure and evaluate how we are faring in achieving the global goals and determining the extent of our contribution to the national commitment based on just a single round of CBMS survey conducted provincewide several years ago. However, we are convinced there is much to gain from this initiative when we have completed the second round by the end of 2010. Furthermore, the publication of this report will help promote transparency in local governance and make us local officials more accountable to our constituents in the pursuit of our own development agenda, especially those that are aligned with the MDGs. The MDG targets will be our guiding posts and, at the same time, serve as the bar by which our efforts—the 6 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 8. services we have to deliver and the programs and projects we need to implement—will be measured. Meeting most, if not all, of these MDG targets would translate, to a great extent, to obtaining our vision of promoting the well-being and uplifting the living conditions of our constituents. Let us put into action the lessons and insights we have gained from this undertaking so that in our own little way we can help liberate our people from poverty and deprivation—by sustaining our own interventions that have proved to be successful; by adopting and replicating other LGUs’/agencies’ strategies to the targets that we find difficult to attain; and by simply attuning our activities to the actual needs of our local communities, which we can ascertain through the CBMS. ROGELIO J. ESPINA, MD, FPOA Governor 7 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 9. Table of Contents Foreword ........................................................................................................ 2 Acknowledgments .................................................................................................. 4 Messages UN Resident Coordinator Dr. Jacqueline Badcock ............................... 5 Biliran Governor Rogelio J. Espina, MD, FPOA ..................................... 6 Table of Contents ................................................................................................. 8 List of Acronyms .................................................................................................. 10 List of Tables ....................................................................................................... 13 List of Figures ...................................................................................................... 15 Executive Summary ...................................................................................... 16 Part 1. Provincial Profile 1. History ........................................................................................ 23 2. Geo-physical Environment ............................................................. 24 3. Population and Social Environment ................................................ 26 4. Local Economy ............................................................................... 29 5. Infrastructure/Utilities/Facilities ....................................................... 30 6. Local Institutional Capability ........................................................... 32 Part 2. Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Goal 1 - Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger .................................................... 33 Goal 2 - Achieve Universal Primary Education ....................................................... 45 Goal 3 - Promote Gender Equality ....................................................................... 55 Goal 4 - Reduce Child Mortality .......................................................................... 59 8 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 10. Table of Contents Goal 5 - Improve Maternal Health ........................................................................... 65 Goal 6 - Combat HIV / AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases ....................................... 69 Goal 7 - Ensure Environmental Sustainability ........................................................ 72 Goal 8 - Develop a Global Partnership for Development ....................................... 82 Part 3. Meeting the 2015 Challenge Priority Programs and Policy Responses ...................................................... 86 Financing the MDGs ................................................................................ 87 Monitoring the MDGs .................................................................................. 88 Explanatory Text .......................................................................................... 89 9 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 11. List of Acronyms ADB Asian Development Bank AIP Annual Investment Program ALS Alternative Learning System ARMM Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao BEMONC Basic Emergency Obstetrics and Neonatal Care BESRA Basic Education Sector Reform Agenda BHCs Barangay Health Councils BHS Barangay Health Stations BHTs Barangay Health Teams BHWs Barangay Health Workers BILECO Biliran Electric Cooperative BNS Barangay Nutrition Scholar BPH Biliran Provincial Hospital BPITLC Biliran Provincial Information Learning and Technology Center BWSAs Barangay Waterworks and Sanitation Associations CBMS Community-Based Monitoring System CEMONC Comprehensive Emergency Obstetrics and Neonatal Care CFSS Child-Friendly School System CHED Commission on Higher Education CHP Child Health Program CIS Communal Irrigation System CMP Community Mortgage Program CNSAT Cabucgayan National School of Arts and Trades COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease CSR Cohort Survival Rate DepEd Department of Education DENR Department of Environment and Natural Resources DILG Department of Interior and Local Government DM Diabetes Mellitus DOH Department of Health DPWH Department of Public Works and Highways DSWD Department of Social Welfare and Development DTI Department of Trade and Industry EAP Educational Assistance Project EC European Community ECCD Early Childhood Care and Development EMIS Education Management Information System FPW Framework Plan for Women GASTPE Government Assistance to Students and Teachers in Private Education 10 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 12. GER Gross Enrolment Rate GOP Government of the Philippines HCVD Hypertensive Cardiovascular Disease HEPO Health Education Promotion Officer HSPSP Health Sector Policy Support ICT Information and Communication Technology IFMA Industrial Forestry Management Agreement ILHZ Inter Local Health Zone IMCI Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses IPHO Integrated Provincial Health Office IRA Internal Revenue Allotment JBIC Japan Band of International Cooperation JICA Japan International Cooperation Agency LAVE Livelihood, Agriculture, Values, and Entrepreneurship LCIP Learning Competency Improvement Program LGUs Local Government Units MCHP Maternal and Child Healthcare Program MDG Millennium Development Goal MDR Maternal Death Review MGB Mines and Geosciences Bureau MHOs Municipal Health Officers MHP Maternal Health Program MPS Mean Percentage Scores NDA National Dairy Authority NDCC National Disaster Coordinating Council NER Net Enrolment Rate NGAs National Government Agencies NIT Naval Institute of Technology (now NSU for Naval State University) NPC-SPUG National Power Corporation-Small Power Utilities Group NSCB National Statistical and Coordination Board NSO National Statistics Office OGA Other Government Agencies OPAS Office of Provincial Agricultural Services PENRO Provincial Environment and Natural Resources Office PEPT Philippine Educational Placement Test PESO Public Employment Service Office PCDP Provincial Comprehensive Development Plan (PCDP) PCWWI Provincial Council for WomenÊs Welfare, Inc. 11 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 13. List of Acronyms PHN Public Health Nurse PIP Provincial Investment Program PIPH Provincial Investment Plan for Health PLDT Philippine Long Distance Telephone POs Peoples Organizations PPMDOTS Public Private Mix Directly Observed Treatment Short Course PSSP Provincial Sanitation Sector Plan PSPIP Provincial Strategic Plan and Investment Program PSWDO Provincial Social Welfare and Development Office PTB Pulmonary Tuberculosis PWDs Persons with Disabilities RDI Rural Development Institute RHMs Rural Health Midwives RHU Rural Health Units RSET Regional Social and Economic Trends RWSSP Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project RYF Responsible Youth and Family SBD School Building Program SBRMS School-Based Repair and Maintenance Scheme SCALA Sharing Computer Access Locally and Abroad SEDIP Secondary Education Development and Improvement Project SFI Schools First Initiative SIFMA Socialized Industrial Forest Management Agreement SK Sangguniang Kabataan SMMEs Small, Medium, and Micro Enterprises SY School Year TB Tuberculosis TBA Trained Birth Attendants TBDC Tuberculosis Diagnostic Committee TEEP Third Elementary Education Program TESDA Technical Education and Skills Development Authority TLV/TVE Technical Livelihood/Vocational Education WHTs WomenÊs Health Teams WORD-KALIPI WomenÊs Organization for Rural Development-Kalipunan ng Liping Pilipina 12 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 14. List of Tables Table 1. Summary of Findings of MDG Indicators, Province of Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 2. Comparative Status of MDG Attainment, Province of Biliran Table 3. Profile of Municipalities Table 4. Vital Health Indices, 2006 Table 5. Performance Indicators in Government Schools, Division of Biliran, 2005-2009 Table 6. Status of National and Provincial Roads, Province of Biliran, 2008-2009 Table 7. Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger, Provincial Summary, Province of Biliran Table 8. Magnitude and Proportion of Households/Population Below Poverty Threshold, by Sex, by Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 9. Magnitude and Proportion of Households/Population Living Below the Food Threshold, by Sex, by Urban/Rural, and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 10. Poverty Gap Ratio, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 11. Employment Rate, by Sex, by Urban/Rural, and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 12. Magnitude and Proportion of Households/Population Who Experienced Food Shortage, by Sex, by Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 13. Prevalence of Underweight Children Under 5 Years of Age, by Sex, by Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 14. Achieve Universal Primary Education, Provincial Summary, Province of Biliran Table 15 Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 6-12 Years Old Enrolled in Elementary School, by Sex, By Urban/Rural, and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 16. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 13-16 Years Old Enrolled in High School, by Sex, By Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 17. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 6-16 Years Old Enrolled in School, by Sex, By Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 18. Literacy Rate of 15- to 24-Year-Olds, by Sex, By Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 19. Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women, Provincial Summary, Province of Biliran Table 20. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Primary Education, by Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 21. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Secondary Education, By Urban/Rural, and By Municipality Table 22. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Tertiary Education, by Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 23. Ratio of Literate Females to Literate Males Aged 15-24 Years Old, by Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 24. Magnitude and Proportion of Elective Seats Held by Women, by Municipality, Biliran, 2007 Table 25. Reduce Child Mortality, Provincial Summary, Province of Biliran Table 26. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 0 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died, by Sex, By Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 13 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 15. List of Tables Table 27. Magnitude and Proportion of Infants Who Died, by Sex, by Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 28. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 1 to Less than 5 Who Died, by Sex, By Urban/Rural, and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 29. Improve Maternal Health Summary Table, Provincial Summary, Province of Biliran Table 30. Magnitude and Proportion of Female Deaths due to Pregnancy-Related Causes, by Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 31. Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria, and Other Diseases, Provincial Summary, Province of Biliran Table 32. Ensure Environmental Sustainability, Provincial Summary, Province of Biliran Table 33. Proportion of Land Area Covered by Forest, by Municipality, Biliran, 2006 Table 34. Magnitude and Proportion of Households/Population with Access to Safe Drinking Water, by Sex, by Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 35. Magnitude and Proportion of Households/Population with Access to Sanitary Toilet Facilities, by Sex, by Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 36. Magnitude and Proportion of Households/Population Who Are Informal Settlers, by Sex, by Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 37. Magnitude and Proportion of Households/Population Who Are Living in Makeshift Housing, by Sex, by Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 38. Magnitude and Proportion of Households/Population Who are Living in Inadequate Living Conditions, by Sex, by Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 39. Develop a Global Partnership for Development, Provincial Summary, Province of Biliran Table 40. Magnitude and Proportion of Households with Cellphones, by Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 41. Magnitude and Proportion of Households with Computers, by Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 42. Summary of Incomes and Expenditures, Biliran Province (2006-2009) Table 43. The CBMS-MDG Indicators and their Definition Table 44. Poverty and Food Thresholds 14 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 16. List of Figures Figure 1. Location Map Figure 2. Province of Biliran Figure 3. Age/Sex Structure, 2007 Figure 4. Proportion of Population Below Poverty Threshold, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 5. Proportion of Population Below Food Threshold, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 6. Poverty Gap Ratio, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 7. Employment Rate, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 8. Proportion of Population Who Experienced Food Shortage, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 9. Prevalence of Underweight Children Under Five Years of Age, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 10. Proportion of Children Aged 6-12 Years Old Enrolled in Elementary School, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 11. Proportion of Children Aged 13-16 Years Old Enrolled in High School, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 12. Proportion of Children Aged 6-16 Years Old Enrolled in School, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 13. Literacy Rate of Population of 15- to 24-Year-Olds, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 14. Proportion of Elective Seats Held by Women, by Municipality, Biliran, 2007 Figure 15. Proportion of Children Aged 0 to Less than 5 Years Old Who Died, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 16. Proportion of Infants Who Died, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 17. Proportion of Children Aged 1 to Less than 5 Years Old Who Died, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 18. Proportion of Women Deaths Due to Pregnancy-Related Causes, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 19. Death Rates Associated with Tuberculosis, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 20. Proportion of Population With Access to Safe Drinking Water, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 21. Proportion of Population With Access to Sanitary Toilet Facilities, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 22. Proportion of Population Who are Informal Settlers, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 23. Proportion of Population Who Live in Makeshift Housing, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 24. Proportion of Population Living in Inadequate Living Conditions, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 25. Proportion of Households With Cellphones, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 26. Proportion of Households With Computers, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 27. CBMS Coverage in the Philippines (as of May 12, 2010) 15 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 17. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Biliran is an island province located was conducted in the seven municipalities in between the islands of Leyte and Samar in 2006 following the successful implementa- Eastern Visayas. From being a subprovince tion of the same survey in the municipality of of Leyte, it became a regular province Cabucgayan in 2005 as a pilot LGU. on May 11, 1992, after a plebiscite was conducted in accordance with the provi- At the time the survey was conducted sions of Republic Act (R.A.) 7160, also (mainly in 2006), the total population was known as the 1992 Local Government 144,238, of which the males constituted 50.9 Code of the Philippines. The province is percent (73,397) and the females accounted composed of eight municipalities and for 49.1 percent (70,841). As there were 30,763 132 barangays and has a total land area households, the average household size was of 555.42 square kilometers (sq km). It computed to be 5 (4.7) persons. The annual is classified as a fourth-class province per capita threshold of Biliran was placed and is one of the poorest provinces in at PhP12,966 (P12,100 for Cabucgayan) for the country. Its lack of financial, material, the urban areas and PhP12,137 (P10,700 for and manpower resources might hinder its Cabucgayan) for the rural areas. The food ability and capacity to meet the Millennium threshold was set at PhP8,948 (PhP8,350 for Development Goals (MDGs). Cabucgayan) and PhP8,786 (PhP7,746 for Cabucgayan) for the urban and rural areas, Despite the constraints, Biliran vigor- respectively. ously pursued the programs and projects that would lead to the attainment of the targets The following presents a summary of the set in the Millennium Declaration. Through MDG report of the province of Biliran using this report, we can determine the extent to the results of the CBMS survey in 2006. which the MDGs have been achieved using data from the local government unit’s (LGU) Good News Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) • The provincial average ratio of girls to survey in 2005-2006 and, where possible, boys in primary education was 1.0, which is compare these levels with the national and/ already the ideal ratio in the MDG. This means or regional levels and targets. This report does that there are as many girls as there are boys not attempt to measure the rate of progress attending elementary school. This situation is the LGU has made in recent years considering almost the same both in the urban (0.98) and that only a single round of the CBMS survey rural (0.99) areas. 16 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 18. living below the poverty line. Proportion of • The survey further revealed that 3,706 the population living below the poverty line, households experienced food shortage; this however, was 70.4 percent, which is equivalent represents 12.1 percent of the total number to 101,667 Biliranons. of households. The magnitude of the popula- • Around 16,217 households were living tion was 19,250, and there were more males below the food threshold. This is equivalent (9,955) than females (9,295) who experienced to 52.9 percent of the total number of house- food shortage. holds. The magnitude of the population living • Also, 10,804 households (35.1%) were below the food threshold was 84,848 or 53.4 living in inadequate situations. percent of the total population. • There were a total of 14,897 children aged Meeting the 2015 Challenge 13-16 in the province, which are composed of 7,846 males (52.7%) and 7,051 females The results of the CBMS survey in the (47.3%). The magnitude of the population province in 2006 give an indication that aged 13-16 who are enrolled in high school some, if not most, of the MDG targets can was around 8,388, representing 56.3 percent. be attained by 2015. Meeting these targets, Proportion of children aged 6-16 who were however, would require initiative and political nerolled in school is 82.6 percent. This means will on the part of the leaders who would that of the 42,946 children belonging to this be elected in the May 10, 2010, elections. age bracket, only 35,456 children found ways In addition, the commitment of the other to be in school. This finding also implies that program partners is necessary in sustaining most of the children who were not in school at a reasonable rate the achievement of the belong to the 13-16 age group. The forego- MDG targets within the remaining years. ing data underscore the fact that although elementary and secondary education in To eradicate extreme poverty and hunger, public schools are free, many other factors agri-fishery production must be improved were preventing children from continuing their by intensifying and diversifying farming and studies, foremost of which is poverty. fishery programs through better production • During the survey period, Biliran registered technologies and the provision of support 93 deaths among children aged 0 to less infrastructure. Increased income of families than 5 years old. Of this number, 54 were and the generation of livelihood opportuni- males (58.1%) and 39 (41.9%) were females. ties can be addressed by developing small, Around 16,761 children belonging to this age medium, and micro enterprises (SMMEs) in bracket. This segment of the population was all municipalities of the province. An efficient concentrated in rural areas (78.2%). marketing strategy has to be institutionalized • There were forty (40) infants who died in and access to credit needs to be enhanced. 2006, 25 of which were males (62.5%) while Developing the local tourism industry 15 were females (37.5%). The number of can contribute greatly to providing more infants then was 2,915, in which 1,500 (51.5%) employment opportunities as well as insti- were males and 1,415 were females (48.5%). tutionalizing the Public Employment Service Infant mortality rate was 13.5 per 1,000 live Office (PESO) and conducting regular jobs births. Majority of the children (77.8%) was in fairs. Sustaining the supplemental feeding the rural areas. program would also require greater partici- 17 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 19. • In secondary education, the ratio of girls to Not-so-Good News boys was 1.1, indicating that girls are performing • The survey showed that there were more well than boys. In rural areas, the ratio was 1.04 literate males than females in the 15-24 age and in the urban areas, 1.13. In tertiary educa- bracket and the ratio of girls-to-boys was tion, on the other hand, the same ratio of 1.1 0.9. This observation apllies both to rural and was estimated. Unlike in secondary education, urban areas. boys outnumber girls in urban areas. • About 451 out of the 1,159 local elective • Proportion of households with access to posts, or 39 percent of the total elective seats, safe drinking water was quite high at 93.6 were occupied by women. The positions percent, covering a total of 28,783 households. considered included that of the SK president. Proportion of population with access, however, • Six (6) pregnancy-related deaths were was 93.5 percent, which is equivalent to a total recorded in the province; one case took place number of 134,890 persons. Urban areas had in an urban area while five deaths occurred higher access at 98.7 percent than rural areas in rural areas. The maternal mortality ratio per with only 92.0 percent. 100,000 live births was 205.4 while proportion • Proportion of households living as informal of pregnancy-related deaths was 0.2. settlers was 2.5 percent, which is equivalent • In terms of the prevalence and number to 768 households. In terms of population, the of deaths associated with tuberculosis, there proportion was 2.6 percent, or 3,726 persons. were 27 reported deaths consisting of 16 • There were around 1,203 living in makeshift males (59.3%) and 11 females (40.7%). Ten housing, representing 3.9 percent of the total (10) incidents occurred in urban areas while number of households. Proportion of the 17 cases happened in rural areas. Proportion population living in makeshift housing, on the of deaths associated with tuberculosis was other hand, was 3.8 percent, representing about 18.7 per 100,000 population). 5,490 people. • Proportion of households with access • Mortality rate among children aged 0 to less to sanitary toilet facilities was 71.5 percent, than 5 is 6 per 1,000 live births. The under-five representing 21,978 households, had access. mortality rate, on the other hand, registered Proportion of the population with access to at 27.1, which was 15.9 points lower than the sanitation, however, was 71.3 percent, which regional average (43.0) and was better than is equivalent to around 102,929 persons. Rural the national average of 32.0. According to the population had lower access to sanitation at National Statistical and Coordination Board 68.2 percent than urban population, with 81.8 (NSCB), the under-five mortality rate of Eastern percent. Visayas (43.0) was the second-highest in the • The magnitude of employed population country, next to Region IV-B (MIMAROPA) and was estimated to be 39,730. There were more the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao employed males (28,877 or 82.4%) than (ARMM), both of which have 45.0 (RSET Report females (10,853 or 62.4%). The employment 2009). rate, meanwhile, was 75.8 percent. • Literacy rate among the population aged 15-24 was 97.1 percent. Posing a Great Challenge • There were no reported cases of HIV/AIDS in Biliran as per report of the Provincial Health • In 2006, 19,941 households (or 65.0% Office (PHO). of the total number of households) were 18 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 20. pation from nongovernment organizations Financing the MDG (NGOs) and the private sector. From 2006 to 2009, the average annual In terms of providing universal education, income growth rate of the province of Biliran the Learning Competency Improvement was only 8.34 percent. The Internal Revenue Program (LCIP) can be strengthened by Allotment (IRA) remained the biggest single establishing functional reading projects in all source, accounting for 90.62 percent (2006- schools and making use of computer-aided 2009), but its annual growth rate for the same learning materials. Also, the implementation period was only 7.78 percent. The remaining 9.38 of the Alternative Learning System (ALS) can percent of income came from local taxes. On be improved by providing adequate supplies the other hand, the expenditures of the province and instructional materials. grew at an average rate of 12.82%. The largest component went to personal services (53.44%), In the area of health, the implementa- followed by maintenance and other operating tion of the Maternal and Child Healthcare expenses (MOOE) at 42.33 percent, financial Program (MCHP) has to be sustained and expenses (1.14%), and subsidies given to LGUs continuous advocacy on a healthy lifestyle at 3.09 percent. and avoidance or prevention of infectious diseases has to be undertaken. Adequate Faced with this tight financial situation, the and efficient water supply and sanitation province needs to develop a workable and facilities in underserved areas should be effective revenue generation plan to improve installed. and increase tax collection. It also has to forge strong partnerships with NGOs and the The lives of slum dwellers can be improved private sector and tap all available assistance through proper planning of settlements. from the national government and foreign Beneficiaries of government housing and organizations so that it can carry out the resettlement projects must be thoroughly programs and projects necessary to achieve assessed and selected, especially for the Core the MDG targets, particularly those that Shelter Project and the Community Mortgage require convergence of efforts and resources. Program (CMP). Monitoring the MDG On reversing the loss of environmental resources, environmental laws should be The CBMS is considered as the most effec- strictly enforced by concerned government tive tool for monitoring the MDGs at the local agencies. The government should continue to level insofar as the LGUs that implemented the provide protective infrastructure to hazard- CBMS surveys are concerned. Other monitor- prone areas, regulate indiscriminate land ing tools, however, may be used to help track conversion to protect prime and viable agricul- progress in achieving the MDGs, particularly tural lands, encourage urban expansion to those tools that have been developed and environmentally compatible areas, and review actually used by line agencies of the national and update the land-use plans and zoning of government to attain their respective specific the municipalities. targets. 19 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 21. Table 1. Summary of Findings of MDG Indicators, Province of Biliran, 2005-2006 20 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 22. Table 1. (Continued) 21 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 23. 22 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 24. Part 1. Provincial Profile History Figure 1. Location map of Biliran Biliran, a fourth-class province, is nestled between the islands of Leyte and Samar (Figure 1). It is one of the six provinces that make up Region VIII in Eastern Visayas. The island of Biliran was originally known as Isla de Panamao but according to folklore, Biliran derived its name from a native grass called “borobiliran,” which was abundant on the plains of the island during the pre-Spanish period. In the 18th century, a group of settlers inhabited the plains of what is now called the town of Biliran. This settlement developed and grew and by 1878, it was formally declared a Figure 2. Map province of Biliran municipality of Leyte by the Spanish authori- ties, the first town in the island of Biliran. This significant event led to the naming of the whole island as Biliran. The island of Biliran was formerly a subprov- ince of Leyte. It gained the status of a subprov- ince by virtue of R.A. 2141, which was enacted by Congress on April 8, 1959. Under this charter, the municipalities of Almeria, Biliran, Cabucgayan, Caibiran, Culaba, Kawayan, Maripipi, and Naval, including all the terri- tories therein, made up the subprovince, with Naval as the seat of government. 23 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 25. On May 11, 1992, during the synchro- Among the municipalities, Naval, the capital nized national and local elections, a of the province, has the largest area (107.08 plebiscite was conducted to ratify the sq km), followed by Caibiran (94.58 sq km). conversion of the subprovince into a The smallest is Maripipi, with an area of 31.71 regular province pursuant to Section 462 sq km (table 1). of R.A. 7160, otherwise known as the Local Government Code of the Philippines. On May 21, 1992, the members of the Plebi- Rugged mountains bisect the entire length scite Board of Canvassers were unanimous of the island. The highest point is Mt. in proclaiming the conversion of Biliran into Naliwatan in the center of the island, with an independent province, to be known as an elevation of 1,340 meters above sea level the Province of Biliran. (masl). There are nine mountain peaks rising more than 1,000 masl. Generally, the steep Geophysical Environment mountain slopes start from an elevation of 300 masl; below this elevation is considered This island province is located about 123 rolling terrain where most settlements can km northwest of Tacloban City, the regional be found. center. It has eight municipalities (seven in the mainland and one island municipality) and Only 3 percent of the total land area of 132 barangays, of which 19 are urban and Biliran is level to gently sloping. These low-lying 113, rural (fig. 2). Biliran is represented as a areas are generally located in coastal areas lone district in the House of Representatives. and along river banks. Most of the areas having gently sloping to undulating terrain The total land area is 555.42 sq km (55,542 (3%-8% slope) can be found in Naval and hectares), which is only 0.18 percent of the Caibiran. Philippines’ total land area of about 300,000 sq km, and only 2.59 percent of the land Rivers make up the inland water bodies. area of the entire Eastern Visayas. Of the total There are 29 identified rivers. Seven of these area of 55,542 ha, 28,600 ha are considered are classified as major ones, namely, Anas, alienable and disposable while 26,942 ha are Amambahag, Caibiran, Mapula, Santol, forestlands. Caraycaray and Bagongbong rivers. Caray- 24 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 26. caray, the major use for which is irrigation, is predominantly of broken pieces and clasts of the largest with a watershed area of 85 sq km. older, weathered, and eroded rocks. In the eastern plains of Biliran Island, particularly in Under R.A. 8550, the delineated municipal the municipalities of Culaba and Kawayan, seawaters of Biliran extend 15 km from the rocks are underlain with alluvial formation. The shoreline. These seawaters are a rich fishing geomorphology is attributed to the underlying ground. The average depth 10 km from the natural activities of rivers and streams. Found coastline is about 50 fathoms or 300 meters in the western coast is a large alluvial plain (m). including fans distributed in the municipalities of Almeria, Naval, and Biliran. These broad The rugged mountains that traverse the alluvial plains consist of river terraces and river entire island are primarily conserved to serve fans which represent the deposition of the river as watersheds rather than as sources of timber. system. Higatangan Island lies in the northern Numerous spring sources thrive in these extension of the western mountain system of watersheds and are the main sources of drink- Leyte. The clastic rocks, which are composed ing water brought down to settlements in the primarily of fragments or clasts of preexisting lowlands. Waterfalls with heights ranging from rocks occur along the western slopes of Biliran 30 to 50 meters also abound in the mountains. and Higatangan Islands. The 35 km long volcanic island of Biliran According to the Mines and Geosciences contains many prominent andesitic lava Bureau (MGB), there are three major minerals domes. The fumarole fields that are scattered present in Biliran—gypsum, sulfur, and white throughout the island indicate the presence of clay. Elemental sulfur deposits in the munici- geothermal energy. Initial exploration showed pality of Caibiran have an estimated volume that the mountains of Naval and Caibiran are of 320 metric tons (MT). The ore reserve has potential sources of geothermal power. Hot a 30 percent grade in the altered zone of springs are present in these areas, and these montmorillonite and quartz. The volume of are also good prospects for ecotourism. gypsum deposits is still to be determined. White clay deposits in Culaba have yet to be Major rivers can also be alternative sources evaluated as to grade/quality and volume. of power. Studies conducted by a consulting firm revealed that a total of 6,900 kilowatts Biliran has Type IV climate based on the (kW) can be generated from these rivers if Modified Coronas Classification of Climate, these are tapped as sources for mini hydro with rainfall more or less evenly distributed power plants. throughout the year. The northeast monsoon prevails from November to February; the The geologic features of the islands and southeast monsoon, from July to September. islets that natural elements have carved over The trade winds, which generally come from time, the pristine beaches, and the rich marine the east, prevail whenever the northeast resources are added tourism draws. monsoon and the southeast monsoon are inactive. In Maripipi Island, the underlying rock forma- tions are clastic sedimentary rocks composed Temperature in Biliran usually ranges 25 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 27. between 23oC and 30.9oC. The mean annual In terms of fertility, Biliran and Leyte have temperature, however, is 27oC. Maximum a projected rate of 3.69 percent for the rainfall usually occurs in December and period 2005-2010, which is close compared January; minimum rainfall, in April. to the regional projected fertility rate of 3.89 percent. The projected life expectancy at birth is estimated to be 67.83 years for males and Population and Social Environment 72.41 years for females for 2005-2010. Based on the 2007 census of population The annual population growth rate of the conducted by the National Statistics Office province from 2000 to 2007 was 0.93 percent. (NSO), the province had a total population of Based on this growth rate, Biliran is projected 150,031. The household population, however, to have a population of 154,261 by 2010. was 149,733, consisting of 76,898 males and 72,835 females or a sex ratio of 105.6. The In 2005, a CBMS survey was conducted in same census showed that Biliran had 32,148 the municipality of Cabucgayan. This munici- households. Thus, the average household size pality was one of the pilot LGUs in Region VIII is 4.7, or about 5 persons per household, and for the CBMS. The following year (2006), the the population density is 270 persons per sq CBMS was conducted provincewide. km. The age dependency ratio of the house- hold population is 83.64. The age and sex The 2005-2006 CBMS survey revealed structure (commonly known as the population that the proportion of households below the pyramid) for the province is shown in figure 3. poverty threshold in the province was 65.6 while the proportion of the population below the poverty threshold was 70.9. Also, the proportions of the households and population living below the food threshold were 52.9 and 53.4, respectively. Further, it was determined that 39,730 were employed at the time of the survey. The males (28,877) outnumbered the females (10,853) in terms of employment. The employment rate then was estimated to be 75.8 percent. Unfortunately, data are not available to corroborate these findings considering that current statistics on employment are disag- gregated up to the regional level only. In the same survey, it was found that the proportion of infants aged 0 to less than 1 year old who died was 1.4, and the number of women who died due to pregnancy-related causes was six. 26 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 28. A general picture of the health situation in were three dentists (1/2), 42 nurses (33/9), the province compared to the regional and 45 midwives (1/44), and 15 medical technolo- national data is shown in table 4. gists (8/7). The percentage of fully immunized clients was 85.05 percent, higher than the region- al average of 81.26 percent. On the nutri- tional status of children aged 0-6 years old, The following are the 10 leading causes of the number of below-normal (very low) cases mortality for the past five years: pneumonia, has declined over three years--536 cases in hypertensive cardiovascular disease (HCVD), 2006, 484 in 2007, and 437 in 2008. cancer, heart disease, pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease The 2009 Regional Social and Economic (COPD), bleeding peptic ulcer, renal diseases, Trends (RSET) report indicates that the simple diabetes mellitus (DM), and accidents. Of literacy rate of the population aged 10-64 the infectious diseases, only pneumonia and years old in Biliran in 2000 was 90.8 percent. PTB were among the top leading causes of This was higher than the regional average of mortality while the rest are lifestyle diseases. 89.9 percent. However, the functional literacy rate in the same year was 79.45 percent, The Biliran Provincial Hospital (BPH) which was lower than the national rate of is the lone hospital catering to the eight 83.79 percent. municipalities of the province as well as the nearby towns and barangays of Leyte. Its As of school year (SY) 2008-2009, the authorized bed capacity is 25. The average province had 128 elementary schools (125 number of in-patients per day is 78 with a government and three private), 18 secondary percentage occupancy rate of about 300 schools (16 under DepEd, one laboratory percent due to overutilization of hospital high school under CHED, and one private services. Bed-to-population ratio in 2008 Catholic school), and one state college—the was 1:6,057. In comparison, there were 81 Naval Institute of Technology (NIT). In 2009, government and private hospitals in Region NIT became a university and is now called the VIII in 2008, and the bed-to-population ratio Naval State University (NSU). Another school, was only 1:1,365. Further, Biliran has eight the Cabucgayan National School of Arts and municipal health centers and 37 barangay Trades (CNSAT), which is administered by the health stations. Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA), provides postsecondary As of 2008, there were only 173 professional and vocational education and training. health care practitioners in both hospital and field health services. Of this number, 24 were From SY 2001 to SY 2009, the teacher-student physicians (16 hospital/8 field health). There ratio has ranged between 1:27 and 1:28 for 27 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 29. public elementary schools and between 1:35 sponds to a magnitude of 134,890. Urban and 1:39 for public secondary schools. areas were better served (98.7%) compared to rural areas (92.0%). Some performance indicators in public elementary and secondary schools in the As to the proportion of households with province are shown in table 5. access to sanitary toilet facilities, 21,978 house- holds (71.5%) had access. The propor- tion of population with access was 71.3 percent, which represents for 102,929 individuals. The rural population had less access to sanitary toilet facili- ties at 68.2 percent The Department of Education (DepEd) compared to the urban population (81.8%). division of Biliran, in its Division Education Development Plan 2006-2010, reported that The number of occupied housing units in there were 2,340 out-of-school children aged the province based on the 2000 census (per 6-14 and 6,411 out-of-school youth aged 2009 RSET) was 27,514. The breakdown for 15-24 in 2006. the occupied housing units by type of build- ing is as follows: 26,592 single houses; 338 The provincial government has been very duplexes; 112 multiunit residential structures; supportive of the education subsector. 55 commercial/industrial/agricultural struc- In 2005 alone, it initiated the following tures; four institutional living quarters; four activities in support of formal basic educa- other housing unit types; and 411 unreported tion: distributed 85 sets of computers types. Considering 27,909 households and a to selected schools; allocated books to household population of 140,174, the ratio of 18 schools under the Governor’s Books households to occupied housing units is 1.01 for the Barrios program; provided cable and the household population per occupied connection for the Knowledge Channel to housing unit is 5.09. six elementary and 16 secondary schools; sponsored literary and academic contests; For its part, the provincial government and provided a service vehicle (multicab) initiated the construction of 100 core-shelter to the division office. housing units in Barangay Larrazabal, Naval, in 2005 and completed them in 2006 with In the CBMS survey, the proportion of funding assistance from the central office households with access to safe drinking water of the Department of Social Welfare and was 93.2 percent, which translates to 28,783 Development (DSWD) and the National households. For the population served, the Disaster Coordinating Council (NDCC). proportion was 93.5 percent, which corre- The construction of an additional 50 units of 28 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 30. core shelters was started in 2009 and will be tion in the same year was 812 MT. Coconut completed by June 2010. This project is being is the second major crop produced in the implemented with funding assistance from province. A total of 20,583 ha were planted the DSWD central office. In addition, 200 to coconut in 2007, yielding a total production housing units are expected to be built under volume of 50,668 MT. Banana production in the Community Mortgage Program (CMP) on 2007 was 15,314 MT from an area of 1,143 ha. a site adjacent to where the core shelters were built. The CMP was started by the provincial Livestock and poultry production remained government in 2008. at backyard-production levels. As of 2007, there were more hogs (44,030 heads) and Biliran is generally a peaceful province and goats (21,301 heads) raised than any other is known to be free of insurgents and rebel kind of livestock, while chicken (245,187 groups. heads) was the most commonly raised poultry in the province. There were 12,107 carabaos Based on the 2009 RSET for Eastern Visayas, in 2007, a slight decline from the population the crime incidence and crime-solution rate of 12,800 in 2006. There was also a decrease in Biliran in 2008 were 138 and 94.9 percent, of 638 heads in the cattle population between respectively. 2005 and 2007. On the other hand, the goat population increased by 5,014 heads from Local Economy 2005 to 2007. Data for the hog population showed an abrupt increase from 2005 to 2006, The predominant economic activities in but the number of hogs quickly declined the Biliran are agriculture and fishery. Most of the next year. people are engaged in farming and fishing, which contribute 35.6 percent to the total family Veterinary quarantine services are being income of the province. Although there are no undertaken at the Naval Port. An animal large agri-industries in the province, a lot of quarantine officer inspects vessels and issues the people are into agri-related livelihood veterinary clearances to animals shipped in and trade activities. Local small and medium and out of the province. enterprises (SMEs) are mostly agri-based. The two slaughterhouses are located in Agriculture, Fishery, and Forestry Naval and Almeria. Out of the total land area of 55,542 ha, Biliran is surrounded by rich fishing grounds, approximately 29,240 ha (52.6%) are agricul- namely, the Biliran Strait, Samar Sea, Carig- tural lands. ara Bay, Lamanok Sea, and Sambawan. In addition, the marine waters surrounding the Major agricultural products in the province islands of Capinahan, Dalutan, and Higatan- include palay, coconut, corn, cassava, gan serve as major fishing stations for the banana, sweet potato, fruits, and vegetables. province’s fisherfolk. In 2008, Biliran ranked second among the provinces in the region in terms of average In 2007, the province registered a total yield per hectare (4.6 MT/ha). Corn produc- production volume of 7,600 MT from commer- 29 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 31. cial and municipal fishing, including aquacul- nothing from mining and quarrying. From 2001 ture production. to 2005, there were 181 registered estab- lishments that could be classified as being As of December 2009, there were 10 engaged in manufacturing activities. There operational fish sanctuaries in the province. are other manufacturing activities that are not Two shell sanctuaries will also be established. registered due perhaps to their small-scale Seaweeds are also being cultivated. operation. Although a large portion of the provincial Only four commercial banks operate in land area is taken up by forests, there is no Naval: the Land Bank of the Philippines (LBP), major forest-based economic activity in Biliran. Philippine National Bank (PNB), Metrobank, Forest products like abaca, nito, rattan, and and Green Bank. In addition, there is also a timber are abundant and are used as raw rural bank and a number of lending offices materials for handicraft, cottage, or small that are based mostly in Naval as well as industries. Other forestry products are lumber, credit cooperatives in every municipality. charcoal, and firewood. Infrastructure/Utilities/Facilities Service Sector Biliran has access to trimedia facilities. It has In 2007, Biliran registered a total of 499 a radio station based in Naval, Radyo Natin, establishments engaged in wholesale and which operates on the FM band. Owing to its retail trades. geographic location, strategic areas in Biliran can receive radio and television broadcasts Transportation within the province, especially from stations based in other provinces like within the capital town of Naval, is dominated Leyte, Samar, Cebu, Iloilo, and even the by motorcycles and tricycles. Of the total Bicol region. National dailies and tabloids 6,833 motor vehicles registered in 2007, 4,882 are distributed in the province via Tacloban are motorcycles and tricycles, 1,313 are utility City. Daily tabloids and weeklies of regional vehicles, 45 are buses, 162 are cars, 424 are circulation are also distributed in Naval. There trucks, and seven are trailers. are two local cable TV operators, both of which are based in the provincial capital. The tourism subsector is believed to have a high potential for boosting local economic Further, each of the eight municipalities growth considering that Biliran is endowed has one or two cell sites. A local telephone with plenty of beautiful scenery consisting of exchange, Globelines, provides landline white beaches, water springs, waterfalls, rice Internet service as well as long-distance calls. terraces, caves, and dive sites that can be It had 1,332 subscribers as of the latest count developed into destination options for tourists. in 2009. Public calling offices of the Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company (PLDT), The industry sector is the smallest contributor Smart, and Bayantel also provide basic to the provincial economy because of the very communication services. Each municipality low share coming in from the manufacturing also has a postal office. Additionally, two and construction subsectors and virtually entities provide courier services. 30 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 32. The existing road network in the province Nautical Highway (Eastern Seaboard) Project provides sufficiently easy access from one that links the country’s islands and aims to spur municipality to another and facilitates local development in the countryside. and interprovincial circulation. Existing rural roads consist of 46.547 km of The circumferential road, which is 110.712 municipal roads and 227.254 km of barangay km long, links Naval to the other municipali- roads. Municipal roads are 85.75 percent ties. The 19.730 km Naval–Caibiran cross- concreted. country road links the two municipalities located on opposite sides of the island. It Power supply comes from the Leyte Geother- serves as the shortest route between Naval mal Power Plant in Tongonan, Kananga, and the municipalities of Caibiran and Leyte. It is distributed by the Biliran Electric Culaba. The Maripipi circumferential road Cooperative (BILECO), which maintains a is part of the provincial road; it links the 15 5 MVA substation. BILECO serves the seven barangays in the island. municipalities in the main island while a local multipurpose cooperative supplies and The 250 m Biliran Bridge serves as the vital distributes electricity in the island municipal- link between the province and mainland Leyte. ity of Maripipi under the National Power Corporation-Small Power Utilities Group Biliran has a 1 km air strip that can be used (NPC-SPUG). All barangays in the province by small aircraft. are already energized. All municipalities have seaports. However, The Naval Water District supplies water in some serve only as small-scale fish landing the capital town. Other municipalities have ports while others are nonoperational. Only piped water systems provided by their respec- the Naval Port is considered the major port tive LGUs. in the province. It serves as the gateway or the provincial port of entry for tourism, trade, As for irrigation, the National Irrigation and commerce. Administration (NIA) for Region VIII reported that in 2008, it assisted 22 communal irrigation The municipalities of Naval and Maripipi systems (CIS) in the province with a total area have roll-on/roll-off seaports that were of 3,365 ha and served 16 irrigators’ associa- constructed as part of the Strong Republic tions with a total of 1,138 farmer-members. 31 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 33. In addition, other government agencies The provincial government of Biliran consists (OGAs) had assisted seven CIS with a total of 17 regular departments/offices, (including service area of 563 ha while the private sector the Office of the Governor and the Office contributed by serving four CIS with a total of the Vice Governor/Sangguniang Panlala- service area of 280 ha. wigan) and a provincial hospital. In December 2009, there were 873 provincial government Local Institutional Capability officials and employees. Of this number, 13 were elective officials, 354 were permanent Biliran is only a fourth-class province based employees, and 506 were casual or contrac- on the income classification set by the Depart- tual/job order employees. ment of Finance (DoF). As such, it has to use its resources wisely and prudently so that the To achieve local development goals, the outcomes of the projects and services that provincial officials and employees work in it has implemented would redound to the cooperation with the national government greater good of the constituents. agencies based in the province or their regional offices, the component municipal For the calendar year 2008, P224,846,219.30 governments, the NGOs and people’s was appropriated for the annual budget of organizations, and the private sector. In the province. This amount was higher by addition to the local special bodies and 9.17 percent than the 2007 annual budget government-assisted groups that have been of PhP205,963,671.64, and 18.76 percent organized, NGOs like the Rural Development higher than the PhP189,326.145.31 budget Institute (RDI-Leyte); Biliran Parents Associa- for 2006. The province also allocated tion for Development, Inc.; Convergence PhP40,559,948.20 for its 20 percent Devel- of Marginal Folks/Pagtinabangay Founda- opment Fund in 2008, which is used for tion, Inc.; Women’s Organization for Rural projects and activities identified in the Development-Kalipunan ng Liping Pilipina Annual Investment Program (AIP), and (WORD-KALIPI) Provincial Federation; and passed nine supplemental budgets amount- the Biliran Provincial Union of Cooperatives, ing to P87,936,423.86. The supplemental among others, extend development assistance budgets were intended mostly for social to local communities and help in the attain- services and infrastructure development. ment of societal goals. 32 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 34. PART 2: Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger Target 1A: Halve between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose The total population was 144,238, of which income is less than one dollar a day. males constituted 50.9 percent (73,397) and females, 49.1 percent (70,841). The annual A. STATUS AND TRENDS per capita threshold was placed at P12,966 for urban and P12,137 for rural. Of the total The 2006 CBMS survey revealed that the number of households, 19,941 (65.0%) were province had 30,763 households with an living below the poverty line. There were average size of 5 (4.7) persons per household. 101,667 Biliranons who were poor. Also at the 33 33 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 35. time of the survey, the proportion of population shortage, representing 12.1 percent of the living below the poverty line was 70.4 percent. total number of households. The magnitude The province had a poverty gap ratio of 0.4. of population that experienced food shortage was 19,250. There were more males (9,955) The food threshold of the province was than females (9,295) who experienced food placed at P8,948 for urban and P8,786 for shortage. rural. There were 16,217 households living below the food threshold. Rural areas On the other hand, there were a total of accounted for 82.0 percent while urban areas 1,131 children under five years old (564 boys accounted for 18.0 percent of the total number and 567 girls) who were underweight. The of households. The proportion of households prevalence of underweight children under five living within the food threshold was 52.9 years old was almost equal for boys and girls percent. The magnitude of population living at 6.6 and 6.9, respectively. within the food threshold was 84,848 (53.4%). Proportion of Households/Population The magnitude of the population who were Below Poverty Threshold employed was 39,730. There were more employed males (28,877), which represented Poverty threshold, as defined by NSCB, is a proportion of 82.4 percent. The employed the minimum income/expenditure required for females numbered 10,853, representing a a family/individual to meet the basic food and proportion of 62.4 percent. The employment nonfood requirements. rate of the province in 2006 was 75.8 percent. Among the eight municipalities of Biliran, The survey further revealed that there were the municipality of Kawayan had the highest 3,706 households that experienced food proportion of households (82.0%) and 34 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 36. population (85.6%) living below the poverty Figure 4 threshold. In numbers, it accounted for 3,219 households and 15,505 individuals. This was followed by the municipality of Culaba with 1,798 households (76.3%) and a population of 9,210. The municipality of Naval had the lowest proportion of households and popula- tion with 55.4 percent and 62.3 percent, respectively. Four municipalities registered a propor- tion of households and population higher than the provincial average of 65.0 percent (households) and 70.4 percent (population). These were Kawayan, Culaba, Maripipi, and Caibiran. In terms of the number of households below the poverty threshold, Naval contributed the highest number with 4,945 households, repre- senting 24.8 percent of the total number of households in the province. This was followed by Kawayan with 3,219 households (16.1%) and Caibiran with 2,713 households (13.6%). individual in the rural area should earn an average of P1,085 monthly or at least P36.16 The poverty threshold for the province was a day and for an individual in an urban area, placed at P12,966 per annum for urban and an average of P1,011.42 monthly or P33.71 a P12,137 for rural. Relative to this amount, an day to satisfy food and nonfood requirements. 35 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 37. Proportion of Population/Household within the Food Threshold The NSCB defines food threshold as the food threshold at 79.0 percent as shown minimum income/expenditure required for a in the table below. This is followed by the family/individual to meet the basic food needs municipality of Culaba (70.7%) and then by that satisfies the nutritional requirements for Maripipi (69.7%). The municipalities of Almeria economically necessary and socially desirable and Naval posted a proportion of less than physical activities. 50 percent at 48.5 percent and 48.6 percent, respectively. Kawayan topped the list of municipalities whose populations were living within the Poverty Gap Ratio Figure 5 The poverty gap ratio indicates the average distance of the poor population from the poverty line. The municipalities of Culaba and Kawayan got the highest ratio of 0.5 followed by the municipalities of Biliran, Caibiran, and Maripipi with 0.4. The municipalities of Almeria and Naval both got a ratio of 0.3. Two municipalities had a poverty gap ratio higher than the provincial average of 0.4. The figure explains that the higher the poverty gap ratio, the farther is the distance of the poor from the poverty threshold, which means the greater is the severity of poverty. 36 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 38. Figure 6 Target 1B: Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and Figure 7 young people. Employment Rate The CBMS survey showed that the municipality of Cabucgayan posted the highest proportion of the population who were employed (86.1%) followed by the municipality of Naval (76.7%). Kawayan had the lowest employment rate at 64.9 percent, which was below the provincial average of 75.8 percent. Males dominated the labor force. 37 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 39. Target 1C. Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who Figure 8 suffer from hunger. Proportion of Population Who Experienced Food Shortage Subsistence incidence is the proportion of families/individuals with per capita income/expendi- ture less than the per capita food threshold to the total number of families/individuals. The municipality of Biliran had the highest proportion of popula- tion who experienced food short- age (26.0%) followed by Naval (19.3%). In numbers, a total of 3,706 households experienced food shortage in 2006, which is equivalent to a population of 19,250. 38 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 40. Prevalence of Underweight Children underweight children in the province Under 5 Years of Age (1,131). This was followed by Kawayan with 148 (13.1%). Culaba had the least number The municipality of Naval has the most with 17 underweight children. Most of the number of children 5 years of age who children are in the rural areas (84.5%). were underweight (449), which accounted The ratio between males and females was for 39.7 percent of the total number of almost 1:1 as shown in table 13. Figure 9 39 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 41. B. CURRENT POLICIES AND PROGRAMS children and youths; 2,159 women; 17,544 family heads; 1,270 elderly and persons The policies and programs of the provincial with disabilities; and 10,398 disaster-related government are in line with national plans. This emergency assistance services. is to ensure congruency and convergence of resources to give greater impact to the lives 1. Child and Youth Welfare Program of the people. In the course of preparing the AIP and the Provincial Comprehensive The PSWDO extends services intended for Development Plan (PCDP) and other related the care, protection, and rehabilitation of endeavors, various sectoral concerns geared children and youth in difficult situations. It also towards poverty reduction were investigated. ensures their social adjustment, total growth, and development. The program, in particular, The attainment of the vision and mission of benefited children and youth in difficult situa- the province largely depends on the adoption tions whose age ranges from 0-24 years old. of strategic interventions that will fully tap available opportunities and, at the same Day Care Service time, minimize the magnitude of the problems, issues, and threats to the development of the In cognizance of the Early Childhood Care agriculture and tourism subsectors. and Development (ECCD) Act and the Day Care Law of 1990 (RA 6972), both of which Some key strategies are as follows: mandate the establishment of day care centers in every barangay, the provincial govern- a. Improve the productive capacity of the ment built its own day care center. The entire agriculture sector along agri-processing and province now has 152 day care centers to nontraditional commodities; benefit the children. b. Shift employment opportunities to micro, small, and medium industries and the service Protective Service sector; c. Apply advances in transport and telecom- In response to the increasing incidents of munications in various economic activities; abuse against children, the PSWDO readily and provides protective and rehabilitative services d. Develop the skills of human resources to to exploited/abused youth in a comprehensive support the manpower requirements of the special social service. The program empha- industry and the service sector. sizes the utilization of a center as a major tool in their upliftment and therapeutic process. Programs and Projects Educational Assistance Social Welfare and Development Services The provincial government of Biliran fully The Provincial Welfare and Social Develop- recognizes the need to address the issue of ment Office (PSWDO) served a total of 39,599 access to quality education and its soaring disadvantaged people in 2006. The clientele cost. The Educational Assistance Project category is broken down as follows: 8,228 (EAP) of the province was launched to benefit 40 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 42. underprivileged but deserving students. Their 2. WomenÊs Welfare Program tuition or basic school fees were appropriately addressed and their scholastic performance The program upholds the welfare of disad- was thoroughly evaluated. vantaged women, giving special attention to the prevention and eradication of all forms Milk Feeding Program in Schools of exploitation of women (including prostitu- tion and illegal recruitment). The program The provincial government of Biliran and also endeavors to foster the enhancement the National Dairy Authority (NDA), together of their skills to broaden their employment with the Occidental Leyte Dairy Primary options and aid them in the process of self Multipurpose Cooperative jointly implemented actualization. the Milk Feeding Program. The program endeavors to improve the nutritional status Women are often touted to be economi- of vulnerable groups such as children and cally relevant but their participation in nursing mothers. It also promotes dairying economic activities is often overlooked. as livelihood for rural farmers. Faced with the challenge to deliver women 41 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 43. from the constraint of unproductivity, enhancement, community participation, the provincial government implemented and value formation. programs to address the problem. 3. Family Welfare Program Productivity Skills Development This program focuses on socially disad- In coordination with TESDA-Biliran, skills- vantaged families. It helps them develop development training for women were their overall capability by defining their conducted. The program strives to end the needs and formulating sound solutions unemployment problem among women and t h a t wo u l d b r i n g a b o u t t h e d e s i re d eventually elevate them as equal partners in social change. Program activities include development. advice giving and counseling service; capital livelihood assistance; parental WORLD-KALIPIÊs Networking effectiveness service; and PhilHealth insurance benefits. The Biliran Provincial Council for Women’s Welfare, Inc. (PCWWI) was 4. Program for Persons with Disabilities organized to promote women’s welfare (PWDs) and Elderly/Older Persons and address the various concerns of the 30,627 women in the province, of which This refers to the provision of services 70 percent (21,438) are economically and related to disability prevention, rehabili- socially disadvantaged. In partnership tation, and equalization of opportunities with government agencies, the network for physically, mentally, and socially provided the women with comprehensive disabled persons. The program also aims and integrated development programs, to enhance their capability; help them particularly on health, livelihood, self attain a more meaningful, productive, and satisfying way of life; and ultimately become self-reliant and contributing members of society. Livelihood and Employment Programs Biliran is an agricultural province. With the island’s abundant water, fertile soil, and hardworking farmers, agricultural develop- ment has always been a major thrust of the administration and regards it as an important tool to eradicate poverty. Various services to help farmers are channeled through the four sections of the Office of the Provincial Agricultural Services, namely, Crop Section, Research and Devel- 42 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 44. opment Section, Cooperative Section, and Fishery Section. Aside from their regular programs, the Crop Section vigorously implemented special projects, such as the “Pabunga sa Mangga Para sa Masa” and the distribution of high- value commercial fruit trees under the plant- now-pay-later scheme. The Cooperative Section continuously assisted the cooperatives in the province. Cooperatives enliven economic activities and generate liveli- hood opportunities. In recognition of the valuable contribution cooperatives give to the economy, the province expanded its assistance to them and strengthened their viability through the imple- mentation of the Microlivelihood Program and the “Dagdag Puhunan Pangkabuhayan” Project. Farming and fishing are the main industries Fishing is a major livelihood of the Biliranons engaged in by the population for food and since many barangays are located in the as source of income. The development of the coastal areas. Through the Fishery Section of agriculture sector faces many challenges, OPAS, the provincial government implemented among which are the following: significant programs to help fishermen have 1. Majority of the farmers in Biliran own a more productive life. A livelihood program and operate small parcels of farmlands for fisheries was implemented and extended measuring less than a hectare; thus, farmers to fisherfolk associations provincewide. are hesitant to adopt new technologies and innovations. Farm mechanization is limited to The Office of the Provincial Veterinarian a few, mostly big landowners. Farm produc- is mandated to ensure the delivery of basic tion cost is high. Farmers/producers do not veterinary services so that the quality of command the market price, which are often livestock, poultry, and other domestic animals dictated and manipulated by traders and for work and human consumption can be middlemen. Highly restricted prime agricul- improved. It also pursues the programs of the tural lands are converted to other uses. provincial government to promote livelihood projects for farmers and other members of 2. Sustaining the production of high-value the populace. commercial crops for those who have under- gone a season-long training C. CHALLENGES 3. Illegal fishing and intrusion of commercial Biliran is an agricultural province. Almost half fishing vessels into the municipal waters of of its total land area is devoted to agriculture. Biliran 43 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 45. 4. Right selection and identification of beneficiaries and the proper transfer of technology of government programs (e.g., dispersal program, microlending, and others) 5. Need to sustain the supplemental feeding program implemented by the government, NGOs, and the private sector 6. Organize a Poverty-Reduction Action Team to come up with more focused poverty- reduction programs and projects ering the positive effects it brought to the 1. „Dagdag Puhunan lives of those who availed themselves of Pangkabuhayan‰ Project loans and high collection efficiency, were all instrumental in sustaining the project This project is a microlending initiative until today. In 2006, the project released of the provincial government to help alle- P1,442,000 to 230 beneficiaries. Collec- viate poverty in the province. The program tions are rolled over for other beneficiaries. was run and managed by the Cooperative Section under the Office of the Provincial 2. Fish Sanctuary Agriculturist. The services are extended to individuals or groups (associations) to help The construction of fish sanctuaries has them finance small businesses and liveli- proven to be a sound measure for pre- hood projects at a very minimal interest serving the environment and eventually rate payable within six months to one improving the capacities and productivity year. The project is open to all individuals of the marine waters surrounding Biliran. identified to be poor, but who are capable With marine sanctuaries, fishing activities of doing simple businesses. Applicants are are monitored and regulated. Marine habi- made to undergo an orientation/briefing tats are gradually restored and protected. and credit evaluation prior to the approval Fishes and other marine life forms are of the project proposal and the release of left undisturbed. Spawning grounds are loans. Putting up a small sari-sari store or continuously guarded to help these species engaging in palay trading, food and fish grow and multiply. vending, and vegetable production are just some of the projects for which funding is In 2006, nine marine sanctuaries were provided. put up in the province; an additional four were installed in 2009. Most fishermen at- The project started in 1993 with seed tribute the increase in the volume of their money of P1 million from the 20 percent catch to these sanctuaries. Personnel of the Development Fund. The good perfor- OPAS Fishery Section also regard these mance of the project, especially consid- sanctuaries as good diving sites. 44 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 46. Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education The males numbered 10,660, representing 49.6 Target 2A. Ensure that, by 2015, percent of the total number of children, and children everywhere, boys and girls females numbered 10,830, which accounted alike, will be able to complete a full for 50.4 percent. The proportion of children course of primary education. aged 6-12 years old enrolled in elementary was 77.0 percent. It was noted that the percent A. STATUS AND TRENDS difference of 23.0 percent does not necessarily indicate the number of students who are not In the 2006 CBMS survey, there were 28,049 enrolled since some children might be enrolled children aged 6-12 years old. Of this number, in other levels of education. 14,332 were males and 13,717 were females. By urbanity, 77.7 percent of the population was There were a total of 14,897 children in rural while 22.6 percent was urban. Biliran aged 13-16 years old. The males constituted 52.7 percent (7,846) of the total There were 21,490 children aged 6-12 years number while females constituted 47.3 percent who were enrolled in elementary education. (7,051). The males were greater in number 45 45 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 47. than females by 795 (5.3%). The magnitude individuals belonging to this age bracket, of of population aged 13-16 years old enrolled which 13,120 (53.8%) were males and 11,285 in high school numbered 8,388, a proportion (46.2%) were females. The figure shows that of 56.3 percent. This means that 43.7 percent there were more literate males than females. were not in school. The literacy rate follows the definition that a literate person is one who can both read The proportion of children aged 6-16 years and write with understanding a short, simple old enrolled in school was 82.6 percent. There statement on everyday life. were 42,946 children of this age bracket during the survey—17,344 were males and 18,112 Proportion of Children Aged 6-12 Years Old Enrolled were females. Of the total number of children in Elementary 6-16 years of age, only 35,456 children were in school. The municipality of Biliran had the highest proportion of children aged 6-12 years old The literacy rate of 15- to 24-year-olds was who were in elementary (86.6%) followed 97.1 percent. There was a population of 24,405 by the municipality of Almeria (81.0%). 46 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 48. Figure 10 The municipality of Culaba had the lowest percent from SY 2003-04 to SY 2005-06. This participation with 73.9 percent, lower than the implies that the number of school-age children provincial average of 77.0 percent. who are not in school has been increasing from year to year. Table 15 further shows that there were more females (79.0%) enrolled in elementary school The cohort survival rate (CSR) decreased than males (74.4%) in all the municipalities. a little by 1.6 percent from SY 2003-04 to SY The lower participation of boys was attributed 2004-05. However, in 2006, it rose higher to the fact that the boys were the ones being to 77 percent, an increase of 9 percent used by parents to help augment the family’s from the previous year (68.0%), yet it still income even at young age, a situation that is fell short by 1.0 percent from the standard true in the rural areas. set by the department (78.0%). This means that more than two-thirds of the 5,477 The DepEd Division of Biliran in its report pupils who enrolled in Grade I five years (Division Education Development Plan, ago reached Grade VI. Those who were 2006-2010) revealed that enrolment in the not able to reach Grade VI in due time elementary level in the province is exhibiting a were the dropouts, school leavers, and decreasing pattern. The gross enrolment in SY repeaters. As these indicators continue to 2003-2004 for both public and private schools increase over the years, they adversely reached 26,490. In SY 2004-05, it decreased affect the CSR. by 1.0 percent and in SY 2005-06, it again decreased by 1.0 percent. Similarly, the completion rate was also affected by the increase in the failure rate. The Participation rate has also been decreasing increase in the graduation rate is attributed to for the last tree years. The decrease was 3.0 the decrease in the dropout rate and failure 47 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 49. rate, which implies that when the dropout municipality of Biliran (67 .4%). The municipality and failure rates decrease, graduation rates with the lowest participation is Maripipi, with only increase. The girls have had higher completion 51.5 percent--this is 4.8 percent lower than the rates and graduation rates than the boys for provincial average of 56.3 percent. the last three years. Table 16 shows that almost half the number Proportion of Children Aged 13-16 Years Old of children aged 13-16 years old were not Enrolled in High School enrolled in high school. This is because many of those who were supposed to be in school were The municipality of Almeria had the highest working for a living or helping to earn a living proportion of population aged 13-16 years old for the family. Moreover, a number of young girls enrolled in high school (67.5%), followed the got married too early for financial and social Figure 11 upliftment, which resulted to disengagement from school. There were more females (65.1%) enrolled in high school than males (48.4%). According to DepEd Biliran Division Office (Division Education Development Plan 2006-2010), the Gross Enrolment Rate (GER) for the secondary level had been fluctuating. In SY 2005-06, the GER was 72.4 percent. Comparing the GER with the Net Enrolment Rate (NER) or Participation Rate in the same year revealed a gap of 20.0 percent. This showed that there were many students who were not within the range of high school age of 12-15 years old. In addition, the GER included transferees from the neighboring division (Leyte 48 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 50. Figure 12 Division) and other places in the Philippines who were not counted during the census period. The NER for SY 2005-06 was only 52.4 percent, which is apparently half of the high school-age population. This is 25.6 percent lower than the planning standard of 78 percent. Like other indicators, the CSR had shown unfavorable values for the last three years. In SY 2004-05, the CSR was only 66.1 percent, which was 10.9 percent lower than the standard of 77.0 percent. This means that almost two-thirds of the group of students enrolled in first year three years ago reached fourth year. Those who were not able to make it up to fourth year in due time were the dropouts, school leavers, and repeaters. As these indicators increased over the years, the CSR eventually decreased. Proportion of Children 6-16 Years Old Enrolled in School lowest participation of 80.4 percent, or 2.2 percent lower than the provincial average of The municipality of Almeria had the highest 82.6 percent. The municipality of Naval had proportion of children aged 6-16 years old the greatest number of population (9,560), enrolled in school at 89.4 percent, followed accounting for 27.0 percent of the total number by the municipality of Caibiran at 84.5 of population 6-16 years old enrolled in percent. The municipality of Culaba had the school. 49 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 51. Figure 13 Literacy Rate of 15- to 24-Year-Olds Cabucgayan registered the lowest proportion The municipality of Caibiran had the at 94.8 percent, lower by 2.3 percent than highest proportion of 15- to 24-year-olds the province’s average. The municipality of who were literate at 98.4 percent, which Naval had the highest number with 7,458, is 1.3 percent higher than the provincial which accounted for 30.6 percent of the total average of 97.1 percent. The municipality of population of 15- to 24-year-olds. 50 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 52. B. CURRENT POLICIES AND PROGRAMS of the poor helped shape and prepare the students for lifelong learning. All second- Equitable Access to Education ary schools were provided with adequate furniture, resulting to a student seating ratio To provide the basic educational services, of 1:1.33. Most schools have adequate the Division of Biliran is divided into nine water sources and electricity. The provision of districts, each headed by a district supervi- complete instructional and noninstructional sor. There are 125 public and three private rooms, ancillary facilities, and furniture would elementary schools in the province. Of the transform the schools into vibrant, proactive total 128 elementary schools, there were still learning centers. nine schools that had incomplete primary and one incomplete elementary school. This implies The implementation of the Secondary that there was a need to open new classes Education Development and Improvement to complete the grade levels from Grade I to Project (SEDIP) had improved the secondary Grade VI, which means additional teachers schools in terms of school building infrastruc- and additional school buildings. ture. The number of academic classrooms for Improving the Quality of Education SY 2005-06 (976) was more than the number of teachers in the division (901). This means The national thrust of basic education is that the division has an adequate number of to provide basic competencies to everyone classrooms for the 25,967 pupils enrolled in thereby achieving functional literacy for all. This the elementary level. is the direction of the Philippine educational system—Education for All in 2015. Most of the public elementary schools were able to construct new school buildings and The regional thrust, which is embodied in the undertake the repair of the dilapidated ones Five-Year Master Plan (2006-11), is to adopt with the implementation of the Third Elemen- and implement the concepts and strategies tary Education Program (TEEP) in the province. of the Schools First Initiative (SFI) as an The School Building Program (SBP) component implementation approach to Education for All. of the TEEP significantly contributed to the The SFI in Region VIII is broadly participated in improved academic performance of pupils as a popular movement encouraging a wide in schools. The “Brigada Eskwela” using variety of initiatives from individual schools the School-Based Repair and Maintenance and communities plus their network. It follows Scheme (SBRMS) and the Child-Friendly a new package of policy reforms under School System (CFSS) helped and facilitated the Basic Education Sector Reform Agenda the improvement and maintenance of the (BESRA). school facilities. Following the national and regional thrusts On the other hand, secondary schools were on Functional Literacy for All, the Division built strategically, thus making them accessible of Biliran has outlined in its Yearly Agency to students in every municipality. Educational Performance Measure Framework the follow- opportunities offered by DepEd to the poorest ing: Public Pre-Elementary and Elementary 51 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 53. installation for the Knowledge Channel to six elementary and 16 secondary schools; (3) allocated books to 18 central and noncentral schools under the Governor’s Books for the Barrios program; (4) granted equity to the SEDIP School Building Program; (5) provided financial support to various activities of the Division; and (6) provided one service vehicle and eight sets of computer units to the Division Office. The initiative on the use of information and communication technology (ICT) as a tool for instruction started in 2006. ICT equipment typically consist of a television set, a digital video disc (DVD) player, and educational DVD tapes. ABS-CBN Foundation, the provincial Education Services; Public Secondary Educa- government, and some private individuals tion Services; Alternative Learning System provided these sets of equipment. Additional Management Services; Basic Education Sector computer sets were also received from the Management Services; Regulatory and Devel- Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) and opment Services and Government Assistance from the “ Waray” party list. An to Students and Teachers in Private Education GASTPE Services. As part of the division’s plan on how to sustain TEEP gains, it started the Adopt-A- These major final outputs are translated Child Program through the Adopt-a-Child into programs and projects that serve as the Trust Fund given by TEEP, which was formally division’s strategies to ensure that every Biliranon launched in 2006. The project intends to completes elementary and secondary education address the problems on dropout, truancy, at a satisfactory achievement level. low participation rate, and low completion rate among pupils especially in depressed, In support of the division’s thrust, the provincial disadvantaged, and underserved schools. government has included Education for All in the School supplies and uniforms were provided Provincial Strategic Plan and Investment Program to indigent pupils, and feeding activities were (PSPIP). Biliran Division enjoys full support in done in schools. formal basic education from the provincial and municipal governments, especially in the imple- The provision of Knowledge Channel mentation of the TEEP and Secondary Education subscription, which was pursued by the Development and Improvement Project (SEDIP) provincial government with help from the School Building Program, which requires LGU ABS-CBN Foundation, enhanced lessons in equity. The provincial government also: (1) English, Science, Mathematics, Filipino, and distributed 85 sets of computers to elemen- Makabayan subjects. Maximum interest in the tary and secondary schools; (2) provided cable lessons was sustained. 52 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 54. The Livelihood, Agriculture, Values, and 2. Equip the schools with the necessary Entrepreneurship Program was launched modern technology equipment in August of 2006. A “brainchild” of the 3. Provide teachers and students with provincial government, this program integrates adequate instructional and learning materials the promotion of agriculture as part of the 4. Increase participation, cohort survival, technical/livelihood education subject in completion, and graduation rates order to develop the students’ entrepreneurial 5. Decrease the number of dropouts, repeat- skills. Approved project proposals from the ers, and school leavers students were given funding by the provincial 6. Extend ALS education to out-of-school government. Students involved in the project children, youths, and adults expressed more interest in their studies because part of the sales of their produce On Quality and Relevance were utilized for their school expenses. 1. Enhance subject knowledge and teaching The SEDIP provides technical and financial skills of teachers assistance to improve academic performance, 2. Improve students’ mastery of the learning decrease dropout rate, and increase comple- competencies in all subject areas tion rate in secondary schools. This is jointly 3. Reduce the incidence of malnutrition in funded by the Government of the Philippines, the schools Asian Development Bank (ADB), and the 4. Increase the number of Philippine Japan Bank of International Cooperation Educational Placement Test (PEPT) and ALS (JBIC). Accreditation and Equivalency (A and E) passers C. CHALLENGES On Management of Educational Services Priority improvement areas have been identified for each of the three levels of basic 1. Improve organizational management education which the DepEd Division of Biliran efficiency and the provincial government believe could 2. Raise stakeholders’ support and involve- contribute to the improvement of learner ment performance and participation rate as well as 3. Strengthen resource-mobilization efforts increase access to basic education. in the division 4. Provide adequate administrative facilities On the Provision of Access and equipment 5. Establish functional and reliable Educa- 1. Employ adequate, highly motivated, and tional Management Information System competent pre-elementary teachers, elemen- (EMIS) in schools, districts, and division tary and secondary teachers, master teachers, 6. Establish an ICT structure school heads, and ALS coordinators 7. Ratify ownership of school sites 53 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 55. 1. Knowledge Channel Launched in 2005, this project is funded by the provincial government in coopera- tion with ABS-CBN. Sixteen secondary schools were provided with 29” television sets, parabolic dish, and other accessories 2. Livelihood, Agriculture, to enable access to the KTV or Knowl- edge Channel. The power consumption, Values, and Entrepreneurship maintenance, and other operating expenses (LAVE) are supported by the parents and other stakeholders. Initiated by the provincial government, the project was launched on August 22, Lessons in English, Science, Mathemat- 2006, in cooperation with the DepEd and ics, Filipino, and Makabayan subjects were the Commission on Higher Education obviously enhanced, supporting the fact (CHED). Started with an initial funding that delivering lessons through the broad- of P500,000, the project integrates the cast medium generates ands sustains the promotion of agriculture as a means of maximum interest of the students in learn- livelihood. This is in line with the Tech- ing new lessons. The teaching-learning nical Livelihood/Vocational Education situation was improved considering that subject (TLV/TVE) aimed at developing the strategy employs interactive learning. the entrepreneurial skills of students. The implemented projects ranged from vegeta- The multifaceted role of the teacher is ble gardening, crop production, tilapia and also harnessed as a facilitator of learning. crab culture, ceramics, and vermiculture The implementation of the KTV Program production, among others. The students provided an opportunity for teachers to involved in the project openly expressed adopt an interactive teaching procedure as more interest in their studies because part an effective alternative strategy other than of the sale of their produce will be used for the usual conventional teaching practices. their school expenses. 54 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 56. Goal 3: Promote Gender Equality Target 3A. Eliminate gender disparity This indicates that there were more girls in in primary and secondary education, secondary education than boys. The same preferably by 2015, and in all levels of condition existed in the rural (1.04) and urban (1.13) areas. education no later than 2015. The provincial average ratio of girls to boys A. STATUS AND TRENDS in tertiary education was also 1.1, indicating that there were more girls than boys. By In the 2006 CBMS survey, the provincial urbanity, more boys in urban areas were in average ratio of girls to boys in primary educa- tertiary education than girls, opposite to the tion was 1.0. This means that the number of condition in the rural areas, where there were girls was proportionate to the number of boys. more girls than boys. The condition was true both in the urban (0.98) and in the rural (0.99) areas. The survey further showed that there were more literate males than females 15- 24 years The derived ratio between girls and boys old in Biliran, with a ratio of 0.9. The condition who were in secondary education was 1.1. existed both in rural and urban areas. 55 55 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 57. With regard to the proportion of seats in government held by women, there were 1,159 local elective posts in the province including that of the Sangguniang Kabataan (SK) president. Of this number, 451 were held by women (39% of the total elective seats), while 708 were occupied by men, corresponding to 61 percent. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Primary Education Table 20 shows that the ratio between girls and boys in primary education was almost equal in the municipalities of Almeria, Biliran, Cabucgayan, Kawayan, and Naval with the ratio of 1. The municipalities of Caibiran, Culaba, and Maripipi posted a ratio of 0.9, signifying that there were more boys than girls in these municipalities who were in primary 56 education. Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 58. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Secondary Education The ratio of boys and girls in tertiary educa- tion in Caibiran, Culaba, and Naval was 1.0. The other five municipalities had more girls The municipalities of Biliran, Cabucgayan, compared to boys. It was noted that only Caibiran, Culaba, Kawayan, and Naval had a Maripipi registered a ratio (1.5) where girls ratio of more than 1.0 as shown in table 21. This constitute two-thirds of the total number of means more girls were in secondary education students who were in tertiary education. compared to boys. The number of boys to girls was almost equal in the municipalities of Proportion of Elective Seats Held by Women Almeria and Maripipi. In the 2007 elections, women held 38.9 percent of the total elective seats in the Figure 14 Source: CBMS Survey 2005-2006 Ratio of Girls to Boys in Tertiary Education 57 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 59. province. There were more women (54%) particularly the boys, to school. Despite the than men in the municipality of Caibiran who DepEd’s offering free elementary and high held elective positions. In the municipalities school education and, in some instances, even of Biliran and Culaba, the number of women free school uniforms and free school supplies, was almost equal to men as shown in the table poor families could hardly sustain keeping 24. The least number of elective positions held their children in school. by women was in the municipality of Almeria where women occupied only 23.6 percent of 2. Attaining the target ratio of 1:1 for boys the total seats, followed by Naval with 31.2 and girls in secondary and tertiary educa- percent. The province is 11.1 percent behind tion requires more advocacies for boys and the national target of 50 percent. looking into other factors contributing to the disparity. B. CHALLENGES 3 . Th e re i s a n e e d to i n te n s i f y t h e 1. The disparity between boys and girls who implementation of the ALS program in the are enrolled in school is apparent as they move province and to advocate commitments to higher levels of education. The reasons, from NGOs, LGUs, the community, and foremost of which is the family’s economic other stakeholders. stability, have already been presented in the previous discussions. This situation explains 4. The interest of women to participate in why parents are unable to send their children, local politics has to be raised. Conduct of Annual WomenÊs Congress Ever y year, the Provincial Women’s Congress is conducted in partnership with the Biliran Council for Women’s Welfare, Incorporated (PCWWI). The celebration revolves around the Agenda for Women of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo and Governor Ro- gelio J. Espina’s administration as embodied in the Framework Plan for Women (FPW): human rights, economic empowerment, and gender-responsive governance. trained them on livelihood activities and taught The two-day congress emphasizes the vital them the adoption of valuable self-growth practices. role of women in the development of the prov- ince and their indispensable cooperation in its In 2006, there were 1,320 women who various activities. It made them fully aware of attended the gathering. This number increased gender and development advocacies. It also to 2,130 in 2009. 58 58 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 60. Goal 4: Reduce Child Mortality Target 4A. Reduce by two-thirds, The under-five mortality rate of the province between 1990 and 2015, the under-five is 27.1, which is 15.9 lower than the regional mortality rate. average of 43.0 and is better than the national average of 32.0. A. STATUS AND TRENDS Moreover, the NSCB disclosed that the The CBMS survey in 2006 showed that under-five mortality rate of Eastern Visayas of Biliran had registered 93 deaths among 43.0 is the second-highest in the country, next children aged 0 to less than 5 years old. Of to Region IV-B and ARMM, with both regions this number, 54 were males (58.1%) and 39 having the rate of 45.0 (RSET Report 2009). (41.9%) were females. There were 40 infants who died in 2006, 33 The province had a total of 16,761 children (25) of which were males (62.5%) and 15 of aged 0 to 5 years old in 2006. The males which were females (37.5%). constituted 51.0 percent (16,761) and the females, 49.0 percent (8,550). The magnitude The survey also revealed that there were of the population was concentrated in the 2,915 children in Biliran aged zero to less than rural areas (78.2%) while the urban areas 1 year old. Of the total number, 1,500 (51.5%) accounted for the remaining 21.8 percent. were males and 1,415 were females (48.5%). Majority of the children were from the rural In Biliran, the proportion of children aged areas (77.8%), while only 22.2% were from 0 to less than 5 years old who died is 0.6. the urban areas. 59 59 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 61. There were 53 children in the province aged numbered 6,796 (49.1%). A considerable 1 to less than 5 years old who died in 2006. number of children who belonged to this age The males constituted 54.7 percent (29) and group bracket were from the rural areas (78.3%). females, 45.3 percent (24). Majority of those The rest (21.7%) were from the urban areas. who died were in the rural areas (88.7%), while 11.3 percent came from the urban areas. Proportion of Children Aged 0 to Less Than 5 Years The survey result further showed that the Old Who Died proportion of children aged 1 to less than 5 years old who died was 0.4. The municipality of Naval registered the highest number of deaths (24), which account- There were a total of 13,846 children in Biliran ed for 25.8 percent of the total deaths, during the CBMS survey in 2006 whose age followed by the municipality of Culaba with 21 ranged from 1 to less than 5 years old.The males deaths (22.6%). The municipality of Maripipi numbered 7,050 (50.9%) while the females registered three deaths (3.2%). 60 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 62. Figure 15 The municipality of Naval contributed 30.1 percent of the total number of children aged 0 to less than 5 years old who died, followed by Caibi- ran with 14.6 percent, and the municipality of Kawayan (14.6%). The municipality of Maripipi had the least percentage share at 4.0 percent. Proportion of Infants Who Died The municipality of Culaba got the highest proportion of infants who The proportion of infants who died in Biliran died (4.6%) followed by the municipality of in 2006 was 1.4 percent. Common causes of Maripipi (2.9%). The municipality of Naval deaths were pneumonia, prematurity, sepsis, had the highest number of children who died congenital anomalies, and diarrhea (Annual (11), which accounted for 27.5 percent of the Health Report, PHO, Biliran). The infant mortal- total number, followed by the municipality of ity rate per 1,000 live births was 13.5, which is Cabucgayan with 8 (20.0%). No infant died in 17.5 lower than the regional average rate of the municipality of Caibiran during the survey 31.0. The provincial rate is still lower by 10.5 conducted in 2006. compared to the national average rate of 24.0. Table 27. Proportion of Infants Who Died, by Sex, By Urban/Rural, and By Municipality Province of Biliran 61 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 63. Figure 16 In 2006 (2009 RSET, Eastern Visayas), to less than 1 year old (920), followed by the Region VIII ranked fourth among the 17 municipality of Caibiran with 418 (10.7%). regions of the country with a high infant The municipality of Maripipi had the lowest mortality rate per 1,000 live births (31.0). number with 11 (3.8%). Region IV-B (34.0) topped the list, followed by ARMM (33.0) and Region IX (32.0). Proportion of Children Aged 1 to Less Than 5 Years Region VI had the lowest rate with 18.0. Old who Died The municipality of Naval accounted for 23.5 The municipalities of Naval and Caibiran percent of the total number of children aged 0 both had 13 children who died while the Table 30. Proportion of Children Aged 1 to Less than 5 Who Died, By Sex, By Urban/Rural, and By Municipality, Province of Biliran 62 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 64. Figure 17 municipalities of Kawayan and Maripipi each lation and implementation of policies, plans, had one child who died in 2006. and programs. The municipality of Naval contributed the In 2005, the FOURmula One for Health highest percentage share (15.3%) followed (F1) was formulated by the Department of by the municipality of Caibiran (7.5%). The Health (DOH) as a framework to implement municipality of Maripipi had the least percent- health sector reforms. With the support of the age share of 2.0 percent. European Commission (EC), the Health Sector Policy Support Program (HSPSP) was initiated B. CURRENT POLICIES AND PROGRAMS in 16 provinces including Biliran. The program called for the formulation of the Provincewide One of the major goals of the province is to Investment Plan for Health (PIPH), which improve the health status of Biliranons through became Biliran’s guidepost in the changes a broad implementation of national and local that it needed to put into action in the public health programs, increase access to quality health sector. health services, and reduce financial burden of individual families. Some of the strategies aim to achieve by year 2010 the following: (1) reduce maternal mortality To address problems in public health, the rate; (2) reduce infant mortality rate; (3) reduce province and its eight component munici- death rates due to tuberculosis; (4) reduce palities collaborated on the establishment of prevalence of underweight children; and (5) the Biliran Interlocal Health Zone (ILHZ) in increase universal PhilHealth coverage. 2003. Managed by a governing board and a technical advisory body, the ILHZ helped For the Child Health Program (CHP), strengthen the LGUs’ capability in the formu- Biliran achieved 97 percent full immunization 63 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 65. rate for children in 2009 from a baseline of C. CHALLENGES 88.6 percent in 2005. It also accomplished a significant reduction in the prevalence of Several programs have been undertaken malnourished children from 26.9 percent in along the line of child health but there are 2004 to 15.6 percent in 2009. Due to the still some issues that need to be addressed full support of the provincial and municipal such as: LGUs in addressing the problem, malnutri- 1. Lack of regular monitoring and evalu- tion in Biliran is now below the national ation activities on child health programs at average of 21.6 percent. Municipal Health the municipal and provincial levels Officers (MHOs), public health nurses 2. Lack of policies and regulation, especial- (PHNs), and rural health midwives (RHMs) ly related to fund allocation, in support of received training on Integrated Manage- various child health programs ment of Childhood Illnesses (IMCI), while 3. Sustained feeding program to address barangay health workers (BHWs) and malnutrition; enhanced convergence of barangay nutrition scholars (BNSs) received efforts of various implementers, support training on Pabasa sa Nutrisyon program. groups, and other providers for proper coordination The percentage of newborn babies initiated 4. Functionality of health teams to breastfeeding within one hour of birth in 5. Minimal benefits for BNS for services 2008 was 94.5 percent, which is much higher afforded to the program than the national target of 85 percent. This 6. Renewed advocacy on good health- is attributed to the high incidence of facility- seeking behavior based deliveries. 64 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 66. Goal 5: Improve Maternal Health pregnancy. Direct causes were postpartum Target 5A: Reduce by three quarters, hemorrhage (PPH), which accounted for 66.7 between 1990 and 2015, the maternal percent of the total deaths, followed by sepsis mortality ratio with one case accounting for 16.7 percent, and eclampsia with also one case (16.7%). A. STATUS AND TRENDS The report also disclosed that there were 390 couples in the entire province practicing contraception using condoms. The CBMS survey in 2006 revealed that there were six accounted deaths in Biliran due to Moreover, under the Maternal and Child pregnancy-related causes. One came from an Healthcare Program (MCHP), the PHO urban area; five, from rural areas. The mater- assisted 3,335 pregnant women who made nal mortality ratio per 100,000 live births was prenatal visits and 3,256 women who under- 205, while the proportion of female deaths due went postpartum care. Aside from the exten- to pregnancy-related causes was 0.2 On the sive promotion of breastfeeding, the PHO other hand, no data were derived on the use administered Tetanus Toxoid-2 Plus to 3,037 of contraceptives. pregnant women, complete iron dosage to 3,384 expectant mothers, and Vitamin A to The PHO also reported in 2006 the same 3,044 lactating mothers. number (6) of maternal deaths related to 65 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 67. Table 29. Improve Maternal Health Summary Table, Province of Biliran In its 2006 annual report, the Figure 18 PHO revealed that the promotion of family planning employing various methods resulted to 8,903 continu- ing users. By the end of 2006, there were 3,118 new acceptors. Proportion of Female Deaths Due to Pregnancy-related Causes Table 33 shows that out of six cases of maternal mortality, two cases were from the municipality of Kawayan. The municipalities of Cabucgayan, Caibiran, Culaba, and Naval had one case each. The municipalities of Almeria, Biliran, and Maripipi reported no female deaths associated with pregnancy. Table 30. Proportion of Female Deaths due to Pregnancy-Related Causes by Urban/Rural and By Municipality, Province of Biliran 66 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 68. Target 5B: Achieve, by 2015, universal and Barangay Health Stations (BHSs) access to reproductive health were upgraded to function as fully opera- tional birthing facilities. Field health doctors, Proportion of Couples Who Use Contraception nurses, and midwives were sent to training programs. The provincial and municipal No data were derived from the CBMS governments enacted legislation enforcing survey on couples who used contraception. deliveries at the birthing facilities rather The Integrated Provincial Health Office (IPHO) than by “hilots.” Proactive advocacy led the Biliran reported that there were 390 couples people away from their usual practice to in the entire province who were practicing availing themselves of the safety and profes- contraception using condoms. sional competence of the birthing facilities. B.CURRENT POLICIES AND PROGRAMS By the end of 2009, the percentage of women giving birth at these facilities reached The Provincewide Investment Plan for Health more than 95 percent. Some RHUs have even (PIPH) gave Biliran the means to institutionalize achieved zero home delivery. measures that make the task of implementing health care reforms stronger and easier. The C. CHALLENGES mechanism embodied in the PIPH paved the way for the orderly transformation of health The implementation of Women’s Health care services. and Safe Motherhood Program faced various challenges despite the efforts exerted by Health workers’ competencies are improved concerned implementing and coordinating through human resource and health develop- agencies/groups as exhibited by the following: ment and management trainings. Participation in all levels is brought about by organizing 1. Renewed advocacy. Majority of women barangay health councils (BHCs) and the especially in the rural areas lack the neces- local health boards. sary information on maternal health during and after pregnancy and are unaware of With regard to the Maternal Health Program the importance and benefits of facility-based (MHP), Biliran attained 95 percent facility- delivery. based deliveries in 2009, where 96 percent of the births were attended to by trained birth 2. Poor referral system. Strengthening of attendants (TBAs). The maternal death review Barangay Health Teams (BHTs) composed (MDR) was institutionalized, while Women’s of a midwife, BHWs, and traditional health Health Teams (WHTs) were organized and attendants (“hilots”). The team should be trained in all barangays. Maternal deaths equipped with local information and be ready decreased drastically starting 2007. to assist clients anytime. The implementation of the MHP in 2006 3. Readiness of the hospital to accept under the funding of the Japan Interna- emergencies. Trained staff, facilities, and tional Cooperation Agency (JICA) was a equipment are set ready and emergency total blessing. Rural Health Units (RHUs) drugs are always available. 67 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 69. 4. LGU support. Improvement of health stations and their facilities and the provision of additional equipment and medicines 5. Use of contraceptives. Hesitance to use contraceptives due to the low level of aware- ness of the target groups. Many people in the rural areas have misconceptions about the use of modern contraceptives and fear of their side effects. The opposition of the church on the use of artificial family planning methods is also a major cause of the low rate of contraceptive use in the province. 68 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 70. Goal 6: Combat HIV/ AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases Target 6A: Have halted by 2015 and the other hand, there were 27 reported begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS deaths due to tuberculosis, consisting of 16 males (59.3%) and 11 females (40.7%). Ten A. STATUS AND TRENDS incidents occurred in the urban areas while 17 cases were in the rural areas. The propor- Results of the CBMS survey in 20 06 tion of the number of deaths per 100,000 provided no data on couples who were population associated with tuberculosis practicing contraception using condoms. in the province of Biliran was 0.0187. There There was also no data on the number were no cases of HIV/AIDS in the province, of deaths associated with malaria. On according to the report of the PHO. 69 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 71. Table 31. Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria, and Other Diseases, Summary Table By Sex, By Urban/Rural, Province of Biliran Target 6C: Have halted by 2015 and municipality of Culaba. The municipalities of begun to reverse the incidence of malaria Caibiran and Kawayan reported four cases and other major diseases each, followed by the municipalities of Biliran, Maripipi, and Naval with three cases each. Proportion of Couples Using Condoms among Those The municipalities of Almeria and Cabuc- Practicing Contraception gayan had the least number of deaths with two cases each. In its 2006 annual report, the PHO disclosed that there were 290 couples in the entire Total tuberculosis cases numbered 378 province practicing contraception using (PHO Report, 2006). The municipality of Naval condoms. The municipality of Naval had accounted for the most number of cases with the highest number of 80 couples (27.6% 122 followed by the municipalities of Caibiran of the total number of users), followed by with 59 cases, Kawayan with 49, Cabuc- the municipality of Almeria with 68 couples gayan with 42, Biliran with 30, Almeria 29, and (23.5%), Caibiran with 59 couples (20.3%), Culaba 29. The municipality of Maripipi had Kawayan with 39 couples (13.5%), Culaba the least number with 18 cases. with 26 (9.0%), Cabucgayan with 10 (3.5%) and Maripipi with 8 (2.8%). There were no B. CURRENT POLICIES AND PROGRAMS couples who used condoms in the municipality of Biliran as per PHO report. As an integral part of the total health reform of the province, all Health Education Promo- Death Rates Associated with Malaria tion Officers (HEPO) designates (PHOs and RHUs) received an integrated and interactive The survey indicated no deaths associated training on healthy lifestyle and health risk with malaria. The PHO also reported no such management. On the advocacy campaign for incidents in 2006. risk behavior, the province implemented the Responsible Youth and Family (RYF) program Death Rates Associated in coordination with the municipal LGUs, with Tuberculosis barangays, the DepEd, religious organiza- tions, and the private sector. Teen Centers were Of the 27 incidents of death associated with established in three municipalities. tuberculosis, six cases (22.2%) came from the 70 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 72. On the other hand, the ILHZ-Tuberculosis 1. Regular hygiene/counseling of workers in Diagnosis Committee (TBDC) is fully opera- entertainment establishments tional and on top of the tuberculosis control 2. Intensification of information and educa- services. The municipality of Naval was tion campaigns able to organize the Public Private Mix 3. High-risk population difficult to reach/ Directly Observed Treatment Short Course undetectable (PPMDOTS). The MHOs, PHNs, and medtechs 4. No private clinics in all RHUs of Biliran were trained for the 5. No isolation room in the hospital implementation of TB Program for Children. TB 6. Lack of necessary drugs cure rate for the province as of the third quarter of 2009 was 98.0 percent, which is higher than On the control and treatment of tuberculosis, the national target of 85.0 percent some of the issues and challenges are as follows: C. CHALLENGES 1. Intensification of campaign and monitor- There were some cases and signs of Sexually ing activities Transmitted Diseases (STDs) being detected 2. Improvement of laboratory testing facili- in the PHO but there was no sign or case of ties HIV reported. Despite this result, challenges 3. Interrupted treatments—behavioral- still prevail: related cases 71 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 73. Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 7A: Integrate the principles of In the 2006 CBMS survey, 93.6 percent. of sustainable development into country the households in the province (28,783) had policies and programs and reverse the access to safe drinking water. The proportion of loss of environmental resources population with access to safe drinking water was 93.5 percent. The magnitude of population A. STATUS AND TRENDS served was 134,890. Urban areas (98.7%) were better served than rural areas (92.0%). The province of Biliran has a total land area of 52,998.0 ha (Provincial Environment and As to the proportion of households with Natural Resources Office [PENRO], Biliran access to sanitary toilet facilities,71.5 percent Data Report). Certified alienable and dispos- (21,978) of the total number of households able (A and D) lands constitute 29,366 ha had access. The proportion of population (55.4%) while forestlands equivalent to 23,632 with access was 71.3 percent, or 102,929 ha represent the remaining 44.6 percent. Of of the population. The rural population had the total forestland area, 23,478 ha are classi- less access to sanitary toilet facilities at 68.2 fied as established timberlands while only 154 percent compared to the urban population ha are classified as fishpond areas. with 81.8 percent. 72 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 74. Table 32. Ensure Environmental Sustainability, Summary Table The proportion of households who were holds, or 35.1 percent of the total number of informal settlers was 2.50 percent or 768 households, who were living in inadequate households. The proportion of population was living conditions. The magnitude of population 2.6 percent, equivalent to 3,726 individuals. numbered 51,068 or 35.4 percent of the total On the other hand, 3.9 percent (1,203) of number of population in the province. the total number of households consisted of makeshift housing. The proportion of Proportion of Land Area Covered by Forest population living in makeshift housing was 3.8 percent, equivalent to 5,490 number of Table 36 shows that the municipality of population. There were also 10,804 house- Maripipi had the highest proportion of land Table 33. Proportion of Land Area Covered by Forest, Province of Biliran 73 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 75. area covered by forest (66.0%) followed by the tions; operationalization and maintenance of municipality of Caibiran (59.2%) and Almeria forestry information system, among others. (55.2%). The municipality of Kawayan had the 3. Forest Protection – implemented effective least forest cover at 26.3 percent. strategies to minimize, if not eradicate, illegal logging and/or timber poaching B. CURRENT POLICIES AND PROGRAMS 4. Community-Based Forest Management (CBFM) – this program/project adheres to the The Department of Environment and principles of social equity, sustainability, and Natural Resources (DENR) PENRO-Biliran in community participation in forest management its 2009 annual report stated the grim reality and biodiversity conservation. that the forest cover of the province is under severe threat. It continuous decline prompted As an environmental component, terrestrial the introduction of development projects/ resources in the upland and lowland areas, programs over the past 36 years by concerned including the sea waters surrounding the agencies, a clear indication that there is a island province, were exhaustively monitored. real need for a concerted effort towards the sustainable development of forest resources. Sand and gravel extraction was strictly The population of Biliran can be tapped in the prohibited along beaches and shorelines. In development of these resources by mobilizing some cases where extractions were allowed, every sector’s active participation in the imple- issuance of permits was regulated to ensure mentation of DENR’s development programs optimum productivity without sacrificing and projects. These activities create additional ecological balance. and immediate employment and income for poor upland households and people’s The office concerned with provincial organizations (POs), which are considered eco-tourism, in coordination with the Philip- as partners-implementers in protecting and pine National Police (PNP) and the Fishery rehabilitating the forestlands. Section of the OPAS, also monitors possible intrusions of commercial fishing vessels in the Regular programs and projects implemented municipal waters. in the province involving various partners are as follows: C. CHALLENGES AND PRIORITIES 1. Upland Development Project – imple- Forging a collaborative endeavor and mented in support of the government’s firming up commitments to the implementation Economic Resiliency Plan. The project involves of developmental projects and programs is natural forest regeneration, reforestation, a big challenge requiring the active involve- and agro-forestry. ment and strong support of concerned 2. Forest Management and Forest Products organizations/entities, such as the provincial Development – monitoring of established and municipal LGUs, national government plantations covered by agreements such as agencies (NGAs), other government agencies Industrial Forestry Management Agreement (OGAs), and the private sector. (IFMA), Socialized Industrial Forest Manage- ment Agreement (SIFMA), and private planta- The reforestation of denuded forestlands 74 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 76. Table 34. Proportion of Population with Access to Safe Drinking Water, By Urban/Rural, By Municipality, Province of Biliran and protection of watershed areas are of Proportion of Population with Access to Safe Drinking utmost concern. Water Environmental protection is also pursued as The municipality of Kawayan posted the a complementary activity to the promotion of highest proportion of population with access to eco-tourism in Biliran. safe drinking water with 99.2 percent followed by the municipality of Almeria with 98.4 percent. Target 7C. Halve, by 2015, the The municipality of Maripipi had the lowest proportion of people without sustainable proportion with 62.1 percent, which is 31.1 access to safe drinking water and basic percentage points below the provincial average sanitation of 93.2 percent Figure 19 75 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 77. Table 35. Proportion of Population with Access to Sanitary Toilet Facilities, By Urban/Rural, and By Municipality, Province of Biliran Figure 20 Proportion of Population with Access to Sanitary Toilet Facilities Of the eight municipalities, Maripipi had the highest proportion of population who had access to sanitary toilet facilities at 94.3 percent followed by the municipality of Almeria with 85.1 percent. The municipality of Caibiran had 61.5 percent, which is 9.8 percentage points lower than the provincial average. Target 7D: By 2020, must have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers A. STATUS AND TRENDS Figure 21 Proportion of Households/Population Who are Informal Settlers Among the eight municipalities of the province, Caibiran had the highest propor- tion of households (3.8% or a total of 141 households) who were informal settlers. The municipality of Naval had the highest number with 246 households, equivalent to 2.8 percent of the total number of households. As to proportion of the population, the munici- palities of Caibiran and Biliran again got the 76 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 78. Table 36. Proportion of Households/Population Who are Informal Settlers highest at 3.7 percent each. The municipality of housing. Majority of these households were locat- Naval accounted for the highest number (1,154) ed in the capital town of Naval (594 households). with a proportion of 2.8 percent. Proportion of Population Living in These informal settlements are mostly found Inadequate Housing Conditions in hazard-prone areas frequently disturbed by flooding, wave actions, and soil erosion. The municipality of Maripipi had the Houses are built along coastal lines, near river highest percentage share of households banks, and on high-slope and steep areas. (44.6%) and proportion of population (44.8%) living in inadequate situation Proportion of Population Who are followed by the municipality Caibiran Living in Makeshift Housing with 41.9%. Naval registered the biggest number with 3,090 households. The CBMS survey in 2006 showed that 3.9 These were the households who percent or 1,203 households were living in makeshift felt they received and experienced Table 37. Proportion of Population Who Are Living in Makeshift Housing, By Sex, By Urban/Rural, and By Municipality, Province of Biliran 77 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 79. Table 38. Proportion of Population Living in Inadequate Housing Conditions, By Sex, By Urban/Rural, and By Municipality, Province of Biliran i n a d e q u a t e b a s i c services, absence and dependable water supply and sanitation of livelihood opportunities, and who had facilities. Guiding principles in the national problems with tenure security. development plans are sustained decen- tralization, private sector-led development, B. CURRENT POLICIES AND PROGRAMS environmental protection, people participa- tion, full-cost recovery, social equity, acceler- The Government of the Philippines (GOP), ated information technology application, and through its major development plans on water microeconomic stability. development such as the Water and Sanitation Master Plan, the Philippine National Develop- With the enactment of the Local Government ment Plan, and the Updated Medium-Term Code of 1991 (RA 7160), LGUs now have a Philippine Development Plan, has manifested more responsive and accountable structure. its commitment to the development of safe They now exercise more authority and greater Figure 22 78 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 80. responsibilities and must provide resources to The Provincial Investment Program (PIP) accelerate the provision of basic services and consistently includes the “Patubig sa Baran- facilities, including water supply. gay” project, which provides drinking water to interior and fur-flung barangays and sitios The implementation of water supply projects in the whole province. in the province is consistent with the priorities of the provincial government, as set out in the C. CHALLENGES Provincial Sanitation Sector Plan (PSSP). In this regard, the province has implemented the On Forest and Protected Areas ADB-funded Rural Water Supply and Sanita- tion Sector Project (RW3SP) in coordination The DENR absolutely performs its mandated with the Department of Public Works and functions in the conservation and manage- Highways (DPWH), Department of Interior ment of the forest areas, but there are still and Local Government (DILG), and the DOH. some issues that have to be addressed such The program was implemented in the latter as: part of 1999 and was completed towards the end of 2006. The province provided 30 percent 1. Lack of delineation between forest and counterpart for the project. protected areas 2. Encroachment of settlements in forest The RW3SP involved the construction and areas resulting to the proliferation of agricul- rehabilitation of Level 1 water supply facilities tural activity (“kaingin” or slash-and-burn (shallow well, deep well, and spring develop- farming) that results to the illegal cutting of ment). There were 137 units/facilities that were trees constructed/rehabilitated in the duration of 3. Unregulated activities (e.g., hunting, the program. Along with the implementa- poaching) in proclaimed protected areas tion, Barangay Waterworks and Sanitation 4. Existence of claims and settlements within Associations (BWSAs) were organized and the forest and protected areas officers were trained on the maintenance and operation of the projects. On Access to Potable Water Supply The program also included the construction Access to potable water supply in the of public toilets in the municipalities, distribu- province is already quite high but improved tion of latrines, and the establishment of a service delivery requires that the following water-testing laboratory in the municipality challenges be addressed: of Naval. 1. Expanded coverage of the Naval Water The Naval Water District is continuously District. Tapping additional sources and improving its water lines to cope up with construction of adequate water storage tanks/ increasing demand. Likewise, RWSAs being facilities. Water should be available 24 hours run and managed by the municipal LGUs are a day. restructuring their water systems by tapping 2. Cost-effectiveness of the LGU-managed additional water sources and installing RWSAs adequate piping systems and water meters. 3. Level I water facilities should be improved 79 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 81. and converted to Level II or small level III 2. LGUs to allocate counterpart funds to systems individual households for the construction 4. Follow-up training of BWSA to keep the 3. Lack of local legislation requiring such water facilities in the barangays sustainable facilities in every household 5. Testing of the water quality of water 4. Strict monitoring sources On the Population Living in Inadequate Situation On Access to Sanitary Toilet Facilities and Makeshift Housing Provision of sanitary toilet facilities is the 1. Absence/lack of local ordinances direct concern of the individual households prohibiting the construction of houses in and not by LGUs. Thus, despite the massive identified hazard areas campaign on sanitation, the proportion of 2. Lack of/nonallocation of funds for the households with sanitary toilet facilities is still construction of housing units as part of very low. Local communities are confronted the devolved responsibility of the LGUs on with the following challenges: provision of shelters 3. Lack/absence of livelihood opportuni- 1. High cost of construction materials. ties in resettlement and relocation sites Majority of the households in the rural areas 4. Lack of basic facilities in housing cannot afford to buy these materials. projects 80 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 82. Best Practices 1. „Patubig Sa Barangay ni Governor Espina‰ The “Patubig sa Barangay” is a note- worthy program of Governor Espina in providing potable water to all barangays and sitios in the province. The provincial government provided the materials while the barangays supplied the labor as their counterpart. The “bayanihan system” has been employed in the implementation of the project. The system enhanced the working relationship between the LGU and the population as the latter are part owner of the project. 2. Core Shelter Project A relocation site has been provided by the government for identified poor fami- lies who are living in hazard-prone areas. These families are the perennial disaster victims who were assisted by the national government through the DSWD and by the provincial government in the construc- tion of habitable and typhoon-resistant housing units. The beneficiaries themselves construct their own houses. They undergo training on house construction using a model house. They are provided with car- pentry tools, cash for work, and food com- modities as they construct their houses. In 2009, close to 150 units were built in the relocation site. Basic facilities have been provided by the government as well as livelihood skills training. 81 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 83. Goal 8: Develop a Global Partnership for Development Target 8F: In cooperation with the 5,754 units were owned by rural households. private sector, make available the There were 824 households in the province benefits of new technologies, especially with computers at the time of survey, repre- information and communications senting 2.7 percent of the total number of households. There were 382 households in A. STATUS AND TRENDS the urban areas with computers and 442 households in the rural areas. The 2006 CBMS survey showed that there were 8,961 households with cell phones, The municipality of Naval had the most representing 29.2 percent of the total number number of households (3,106) with cell of households in the province. urban areas phones. This was followed by the municipalities accounted for 35.8 percent while the rural of Almeria (1,161), Caibiran (1,154), Biliran areas accounted for 64.2 percent of the total (1,141), Cabucgayan (882), Culaba (573), number of cell phones. With the assumption Kawayan (503), and Maripipi (441). There that a single household owns one unit, 3,207 were more rural households with cell phones units were owned by urban households while than urban households. 82 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 84. Table 39. Develop a Global Partnership for Development, Summary Table Province of Biliran Figure 23 Proportion of Households with Cell Phones The municipality of Naval had the most number of households with computers (355) or 43.0 percent of the total number of house- holds. The municipality of Maripipi had the least number of households (30) with computers. Table 40. Proportion of Households with Cell Phones, By Urban/Rural, and By Municipality, Province of Biliran 83 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 85. Table 41. Proportion of Households with Computers, By Urban/Rural, Proportion of Households and By Municipality, Province of Biliran with Computers The municipality of Naval had the most number of households with computers (355) or 43.0 percent of the total number of households. The municipality of Maripipi had the least number of households (30) with computers. B. CHALLENGES Biliran is only a small island province; thus, it has limited poten- tial for investment in telecom- munications. It has only one local telephone The results of the 2006 CBMS survey exchange facility, which is located in the provide a clear-cut assessment of whether capital town of Naval and operated by Globe. the MDG targets can be attained. More so, Because of the island’s distance to highly they provide guidance and direction on how urbanized centers, availability of high-speed these targets can be achieved by 2015. Many Internet access is also limited. challenges have been laid out in achieving Figure 24 84 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 86. the eight MDGs but these often came out this means a renewal of commitment that as negative statements that need to be planners and program frontrunners should redefined and addressed positively. Attain- look into. Sustaining the rate of achieving ing the desired objectives needs passion the MDG targets over the remaining years and a strong political leadership. New also requires team effort and harmonious leaders will emerge as a result of the May interagency collaboration; otherwise, the 10, 2010, national and local elections, and goals will be difficult to attain. Best Practices 2. SCALA (Sharing Computer Access Locally and Abroad) Project The Information Technology Literacy Program is a community-based program that offers computer and life skills training to out-of-school youth and youth with dis- 1. Biliran Provincial abilities, thereby molding them into more Information and Technology productive and contributing members of Learning Center (BPITLC) society. The program is being implemented in partnership with Engineers without Operated by the provincial govern- Borders of Canada and the provincial gov- ment, the center provides lessons on basic ernment through the PSWDO. and advanced computer operations .It is open to everyone who wants to learn the The program includes the installation of technology on his own time. To introduce venue and program equipment as facilities the technology and to raise awareness on for the training as well as access to current information technology (IT), satellite job postings, scholarships, and capital as- learning centers were established in se- sistance for small business opportunities. lected areas in the province. The center is It also inculcates values education, popula- accredited by TESDA. tion awareness, and entrepreneurship skills. 85 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 87. Part 3. Meeting the 2015 Challenge 1. Priority Programs and to farmers, fishermen, cooperatives, and Policy Responses overseas Filipino workers (OFWs). A. Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger Gradually develop the tourism industry by constructing tourism facilities and infrastruc- Improve agri-fishery production by intensify- ture. Encourage private sector investment in ing/diversifying farming programs through the industry to facilitate the generation of more the promotion of crop and fishery production employment opportunities. technologies and the provision of agri-infra support projects such as the construction of Institutionalize the PESO, conduct regular irrigation systems, farm-to-market roads, and jobs fairs, and establish an offline and online pre- and postharvest facilities, among others. Philjobnet. Increase income and livelihood opportuni- Sustain the supplemental feeding program ties by institutionalizing SMMEs through the and encourage more NGO and private-sector “Dagdag Puhunan Pangkabuhayan” Program participation. and the One Town One Product (OTOP) program of DTI in all municipalities of the B. Achieve Universal Education province. Increase the overall mean percentage scores Improve the marketing system, access to (MPS) performance both for the secondary credit, and financing assistance through the and elementary levels by enhancing teacher/ microlending program and the provision of pupil/student capacities and competencies.This microlivelihood and economic relief assistance can be achieved through continuous capacity 86 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 88. building for teachers. Complete supplies and agencies such as the DENR and the Bureau instructional materials should be provided. of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR). The government should continue to provide Strengthen the LCIP by establishing function- protective infrastructure to hazard-prone al reading projects in all schools, install a areas, mitigate indiscriminate land conversion school guidance center, and utilize computer- to protect selected agricultural lands, encour- aided learning materials. age urban expansion to environmentally compatible areas, and review and update Improve the implementation of the ALS by land-use plans and zoning of the municipali- providing adequate supplies and instructional ties. materials. F. Address the Limited Budget of LGUs C. Health Reforms Develop a workable and effective revenue Ensure the sustainability of the MCHP as identi- generation plan to improve and increase fied in the PIPH. Conduct continuous advocacy tax collection. Capacity programs should on maternal and child health care, lifestyle, and be made available to LGUs on this matter. infectious diseases through a massive information Develop further the partnership with NGOs campaign; distribution of information, education, and the private sector, tapping their resources and communication (IEC) materials; and hosting/ to enhance development. Tap available airing a regular radio program. foreign assistance. Install adequate and efficient water supply 2. Financing the MDG facilities to underserved areas. Likewise, strengthen the provincial sanitation program With the limited income of the province, carry- through strong governance, adequate financ- ing out programs and projects to achieve the ing, and clear regulatory procedures. MDG targets requires convergence of efforts and resources of the national and local govern- D. Improve the Lives of Slum Dwellers ments, the private sector, and foreign donors. Minimize the proliferation of unplanned The province of Biliran posted an average and overcrowded settlements. There should annual income growth rate of only 8.34 be a thorough assessment of disadvantaged percent from 2006 to 2009. The biggest families who could be beneficiaries of a single income contributor is the IRA, which government housing program. The Core accounted for 90.62 percent (from 2006-09) Shelter Project provides lots with housing units of the province’s income. The remaining 9.38 while the CMP provides lots at affordable cost. percent was derived from local taxes (local property tax, business and income taxes, etc.). E. Reverse the Loss of Aside from the IRA with its annual growth rate Environmental Resources of 7.78 percent (from 2006-09), there were no significant increases in other sources of income Strict implementation of environmental laws except for grants and donations, which had should be enforced by concerned government an 82.8 percent average annual growth rate. 87 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 89. On average, the province’s expendi- structure support and other obligations tures grew at the rate of 12.82 percent. The constitute 15.48 percent of the total budget. largest component goes to personal services (53.44%) followed by MOOE (42.33%), finan- 3. Monitoring the MDG cial expenses (1.14%), and subsidies given to LGUs (3.09%). For the four-year period The CBMS is still considered as the of 2006-09, the province posted an average most effective tool for monitoring the budget surplus of P47.0 million. MDGs through the LGUs. There are other monitoring tools developed and used by In the 2010 annual budget, 30.38 percent line agencies of the national government goes to health care services (hospital and (i.e., DepEd, DOH) that are internal to field health services), public services (29.79%), the agencies and contain their respective engineering services (11.10%), economic specific targets. These monitoring tools services (9.07%), and social security and could also be of help in tracking the social services and welfare (4.18%). Infra- progress of the MDGs. Table 42. Summary of Incomes and Expenditures, Biliran Province (2006-09) 88 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 90. EXPLANATORY TEXT A. Preparation of Provincial report, to wit: “the most comprehensive and Millennium Development Goals consistent comparative subnational data (MDGs) Report Using CBMS Data (are) is at the regional level although this is simply an administrative level of govern- 1. Background and Justification ment that has no responsibilities for delivery of social services. More data (are) is gradu- The availability of good statistics and the capacity of governments, donors ally becoming available at the provincial and international organizations to systematically measure, monitor and level, but not at lower levels which are at report on progress in all social and economic spheres are at the heart of the frontline of efforts to reduce poverty .” development policy and the achievement of the MDGs. In response, the Philippine Government The Millennium Development Goals Report 2007 has embarked on an initiative to localize the MDGs using the Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS). In 2005, the While progress toward the attainment of National Statistical Coordination Board the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) (NSCB) issued Resolution No. 6 “recog- is systematically being measured, moni- nizing and enjoining support to the CBMS tored and reported at the national level, as a tool for strengthening the statistical clearly, there must be a parallel effort at the system at the local level that will generate local level to bring the MDGs into the main- statistics for monitoring and evaluation of stream of the local development agenda. development plans, including the progress of the local governments in attaining the This is especially called for under decen- Millennium Development Goals.” tralized regimes where local government units (LGUs) are at the forefront of policy Meanwhile, several approaches are be- or program execution. Unfortunately, how- ing carried out by the Department of the ever, national statistical systems have yet to Interior and Local Government (DILG) in respond adequately to the demand for mi- capacitating LGUs to contribute to the at- cro-level statistics that can aid LGUs in their tainment of the MDGs and uplifting the poverty alleviation efforts, as noted in a joint quality of life of their constituents. These World Bank and Asian Development Bank interventions are particularly stated in DILG Memorandum Circular (MC) No. 2004-152 1 Decentralization in the Philippines: Strengthening Local Government Financing and Resource Management in the Short-Term, 2005 (A Joint Document of the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank) 89 9 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran Province of Biliran
  • 91. “Guide to Local Government Units in the and other indicators at the local level. Localization of the MDGs” dated Novem- It also agreed that localizing the MDGs ber 2004, which provides for the: (a) menu through CBMS would help integrate the of Programs, Projects and Activities (PPAs) goals into the national development per MDG goal and target to guide LGUs strategies. It therefore urged other de- in responding to the MDGs; (b) diagnosis veloping countries to initiate and imple- of the local situation using existing local ment similar innovative systems that indicators and monitoring system; and (c) would help localize the MDGs. call for documentation and replication of good practices. As of May 12, 2010, CBMS is being im- plemented in 59 provinces (32 of which The CBMS that is being implemented in are province-wide), 687 municipalities the Philippines is indeed well-positioned to and 43 cities in the Philippines, cover- track progress toward the attainment of the ing 17,848 barangays all over the coun- MDGs at the local level. For one, a number try (see Figure 27). A good number of of indicators being monitored in the CBMS these LGUs have already consolidated are included in the indicators for monitor- their CBMS databases and are well- ing the progress in achieving the MDGs. positioned to generate their own local Moreover, CBMS is intended to be done on MDG Reports. For one thing, CBMS col- a regular basis and can therefore be used lects information that reflects the multi- for updating MDG indicators and facilitat- faceted nature of poverty. In addition, ing preparation of regular MDG reports. data generated by the CBMS can be The CBMS can also be used as basis by broken down by municipal, barangay, national and local governments for costing purok and even down to the household and identifying appropriate interventions level, thereby presenting meaningful in- needed to achieve the MDGs as well as formation and enabling deeper analysis for resource allocation. Finally, given the of the poverty situation. Moreover, the large spatial disparities, the CBMS can CBMS can generate color-coded maps help identify where focus has to be given showing the poverty status at each geo- to achieve the targets. political level. The CBMS’ role in localizing the MDGs 2. Objectives was recognized during an Experts Group Meeting on Localizing the MDGs held on This technical collaboration aims to ca- November 28, 2006 at the United Na- pacitate nine provincial governments to tions Economic and Social Commission systematically measure, monitor and report for Asia and the Pacific (UN ESCAP) in their status with respect to the MDGs. The Bangkok, Thailand. The Committee on operative word here is status since the prov- Poverty Reduction composed of 24 na- inces used their first round of CBMS data tion-states agreed that the CBMS could in formulating this report. These provinces complement the official data collection include Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, activities of national statistical offices Biliran, Camarines Norte, Eastern Samar, and improve the availability of the MDG Marinduque, Romblon, Sarangani and 90 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 92. Figure 25. CBMS Coverage in the Philippines (as of May 12, 2010) Siquijor. The abovementioned provinces bridge local and national development were selected since they were among the strategies. first LGUs that were able to consolidate their CBMS databases at the provincial 3. Expected Technical Collaboration Outputs level. The CBMS Census was conducted in these provinces between 2005 and 2007 The project is expected to produce the (for detailed information on census years, following outputs: (i) mentored technical see Table 56). staff of the nine CBMS-partner provinces on how to prepare Provincial MDG Reports, In particular, the technical collaboration was and (ii) Provincial MDG Reports of the nine carried out to meet the following objectives: provinces. (i) to track the status on the attain- ment of the MDGs in the identified 4. Capacity-Building provinces; (ii) to assist these provinc- es in preparing their Provincial MDG The capacity-building of the Provincial Reports; and (iii) to increase local MDG Teams consists of three workshops awareness on how these reports can and one-on-one mentoring process. 91 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 93. Processing of CBMS Data to Generate MDG expected output from this workshop was the Indicators. This 2-day activity was designed complete manuscript of the MDG Report to provide participants with: (i) a deeper which already incorporates the comments/ appreciation of the importance of the CBMS inputs of the assigned mentor and resource in benchmarking/tracking local progress persons who were invited to share their ex- toward the attainment of the MDGs; (ii) a pertise during the workshop. satisfactory level of knowledge in process- ing CBMS data to facilitate analyses of Mentor/Mentee Relationship. In order to accomplishments versus targets; (iii) some ensure a sustained and focused mentoring basic skills on how to incorporate MDG program, a mentor from the Research Team targets in local development plans and fa- of the CBMS Network was matched to one cilitate corresponding increase in budget Provincial MDG Team. allocation for MDG-responsive PPAs; and (iv) tools and methodologies in formulating The assigned mentor was expected to MDG reports. set a specific time each week to interact with his/her Provincial MDG Team and Preparation of Provincial MDG Reports discuss the following: (1) review progress Using CBMS Data. This 2-day activity in drafting the Provincial MDG Report, (2) was designed to build on the gains of set/identify targets for the coming weeks, the first workshop by providing techni- and (3) draw up an action plan to achieve cal assistance to the Project Teams in (i) those targets. In addition, the mentor was processing CBMS data to generate the expected to assist his/her assigned MDG additional MDG indicators and consoli- Team in identifying and solving problem dating their data at the provincial level, areas. (ii) benchmarking/tracking their progress toward the attainment of the MDGs , (iii) Meanwhile, Dr. Celia M. Reyes, Anne reviewing partial provincial reports based Bernadette E. Mandap and Marsmath A. on the indicators generated using the first Baris, Jr. reviewed all partial and final re- workshop, and (iv) finalizing list of indica- ports. The technical staff of the NEDA Social tors to be included in the report. Development Staff headed by Director Er- linda Capones also reviewed and provided Presentation and Critiquing of Provin- valuable comments on the reports. cial MDG Reports. This 3-day activity was designed to finalize the Provincial MDG B. CBMS-MDG Indicators Reports and at the same time provide an opportunity for an exchange of views and Unless otherwise indicated, all the statisti- possible harmonization of approaches as cal tables, graphs, charts and poverty maps well as for the provision of consistent guid- presented in this report were generated us- ance to all the Provincial MDG Teams. The ing the CBMS methodology. 92 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 94. Box 1. Community-Based Monitoring System The CBMS is an organized way of col- It involves the following steps: lecting data at the local level to be used by Step 1 – Advocacy/organization local governments, national government Step 2 – Data collection and field editing agencies, nongovernment organizations Step 3 – Data encoding and map digitization (NGOs) and civil society for planning, Step 4 – Data consolidation, database-building budgeting, and implementing local devel- & poverty mapping opment programs as well as for monitor- Step 5 – Data validation and community con- ing and evaluating their performance. It is sultation a tool for improved local governance and Step 6 – Knowledge (database) management democratic decision-making that promotes Step 7 – Plan formulation greater transparency and accountability in Step 8 – Dissemination, implementation, and resource allocation. monitoring The MDG Indicators, which were esti- mated using CBMS data, are presented in Table 44. 93 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 95. Table 44. The CBMS-MDG Indicators and their Definition 94 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 96. Table 44. (Continued) 95 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 97. Table 44. (Continued) C. Poverty and Food Thresholds D. Authority for the CBMS Census Official poverty thresholds computed The NSCB has issued Resolution No. 6 by the NSCB were used and, in some (2005) which recognizes and enjoins sup- cases, updated to the reference period port to the CBMS as a tool for strengthen- for the CBMS data by inflating these ing the statistical system at the local level. thresholds using the appropriate Con- It also directs the NSCB Technical Staff sumer Price Index (CPI). The poverty and to initiate and coordinate an advocacy food thresholds used for each province program for the adoption of the CBMS by are presented in Table 56. the LGUs, through the Regional Statisti- 96 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 98. Table 45. Poverty and Food Thresholds cal Coordination Committees (RSCCs), tional Economic and Development Au- the technical arm of the NSCB Executive thority (NEDA) Regional Office IV-B and Board in the regions. the Institute for Democratic Participation in Governance (IDPG). The NSCB has also approved the CBMS Survey Instruments through NSCB Approval Training was mainly conducted at two lev- No. DILG-0903-01. els. The first level training (Training of Train- ors) is conducted for members of the TWGs. This is usually conducted by members of the E. Survey Operations research staff of the CBMS Network and CBMS accredited trainors from the DILG, All survey operations were undertaken NAPC and NEDA. Meanwhile, a second under the supervision of the CBMS Tech- level training (Training of Enumerators) is nical Working Groups (TWGs) at the conducted for enumerators who are usually Provincial and Municipal Levels. They composed of barangay health workers and identified the local personnel who were students. The members of the TWG acted trained as enumerators and field supervi- as trainors in this training. sors. Technical assistance was provided by the PEP-CBMS Network Coordinating F. Data Processing System Team, the Bureau of Local Government Development (BLGD) and Regional Of- The data processing software used under fice IV-B of the Department of the Interior this project includes the CBMS Data Encod- and Local Government (DILG), National ing System, the CBMS-Natural Resources Anti-Poverty Commission (NAPC), Na- Database and Stata. 97 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 99. The CBMS encoding system uses CSPro G. CBMS Poverty Maps (Census and Survey Processing), a software developed by the United States Bureau of The poverty map for each indicator shows the Census for entering, editing, tabulating, provincial map disaggregated by municipality. and disseminating data from censuses and surveys. The CSPro-based (Census A simple color scheme is used (green, light and Survey Processing) Encoding System green, pink and red) to represent the four converts survey data into electronic data. ranges of data for each indicator. Each indi- It produces text files (ASCII) described by cator, however, used a different range rela- data dictionaries, which adds flexibility to tive to the provincial data. the output data. This feature facilitates the interface between the CBMS data and other database systems and statistical softwares. H. Limitations of the Data The CBMS Mapping system employs the While observations are taken from the Natural Resources Database (NRDB) for entire population, the user of the data pre- CBMS-based poverty mapping and for sented in this report should bear in mind that storing and displaying household- and indi- the municipalities in two provinces (Eastern vidual- level information, The CBMS-NRDB Samar and Biliran) were not able to col- is capable of creating and storing spatial lect their data over the same period. For (shapefiles) and non-spatial (texts and instance, CBMS was piloted in a number of numbers) data as well as generating maps, municipalities in Eastern Samar and Biliran reports and graphs ideal for presentation in 2005 and was implemented provincewide and analysis of poverty attributes in the in 2006. Moreover, due to some difficulties, community. This has significantly addressed the CBMS census could not be carried out in the need for a simple yet powerful and free 1 barangay in Romblon, and 2 barangays geographically-oriented database. each in Camarines Norte and Eastern Samar. Moreover, data from a number of barangays Meanwhile, the CBMS data presented in in Sarangani are still not available. this report through tables, graphs, charts and poverty maps were processed using Estimates on poverty and subsistence inci- Stata, a general-purpose statistical soft- dence may also be affected by under- and/ ware package created in 1985 by Stata- or over-reporting of income or reluctance Corp. on the part of the respondents to reveal their true levels of income. As in other surveys, These softwares were provided for free the CBMS enumerators may also have en- to the 9 provinces which formulated their countered interview non-response and item reports under this project. non-response. 98 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 100. 99 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  • 101. Available in this series: NATIONAL REPORT • Philippines Progress Report on the Millennium Development Goals 2010 PROVINCIAL REPORTS •Status ReportofonAgusan del NorteDevelopment Goals Using CBMS Data Province the Millennium •Status ReportofonAgusan del Sur Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province the Millennium •Status ReportofonBiliranMillennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province the •Status ReportofonCamarines Norte Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province the Millennium •Status ReportofonEastern Samar Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province the Millennium •Status ReportofonMarinduque Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province the Millennium • Status Report onRomblon Province of the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data •Status ReportofonSiquijor Province the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data •Status ReportofonSarangani Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province the Millennium