Province of BILIRAN
                                                                                                      ...
Status Report on the
Millennium Development Goals
          (MDGs)
      Using CBMS Data




      Province of Biliran
Foreword


       This document titled Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
    is the first p...
The project aimed to capacitate selected provincial governments to systematically measure,
monitor, and report progress to...
Acknowledgments


       The members of the Provincial MDG Team of Biliran gratefully acknowledge the invaluable
    suppo...
Message
                                        The preparation of provincial MDGs reports is a critical step that Local G...
Message



                                  Republic of the Philippines
                               PROVINCE OF AGUSAN...
services we have to deliver and the programs and projects we need to implement—will be
measured. Meeting most, if not all,...
Table of Contents

    Foreword       .......................................................................................
Table of Contents



Goal 5 - Improve Maternal Health .......................................................................
List of Acronyms
     ADB                   Asian Development Bank
     AIP                   Annual Investment Program
  ...
GER                                           Gross Enrolment Rate
GOP                                           Governmen...
List of Acronyms


     PHN                   Public Health Nurse
     PIP                   Provincial Investment Program...
List of Tables


Table 1.       Summary of Findings of MDG Indicators, Province of Biliran, 2005-2006
Table 2.       Compa...
List of Tables



     Table 27. Magnitude and Proportion of Infants Who Died, by Sex, by Urban/Rural and by Municipality,...
List of Figures



Figure 1.                     Location Map
Figure 2.                     Province of Biliran
Figure 3. ...
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY


       Biliran is an island province located            was conducted in the seven municipalities in
 ...
living below the poverty line. Proportion of                           • The survey further revealed that 3,706
the popula...
• In secondary education, the ratio of girls to   Not-so-Good News
     boys was 1.1, indicating that girls are performing...
pation from nongovernment organizations                             Financing the MDG
(NGOs) and the private sector.
     ...
Table 1. Summary of Findings of MDG Indicators, Province of Biliran, 2005-2006




  20
                      Province of ...
Table 1. (Continued)




                                                                                                 ...
22
     Province of Biliran   Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
Part 1.
                                             Provincial Profile
History                                           ...
On May 11, 1992, during the synchro-                Among the municipalities, Naval, the capital
     nized national and l...
caray, the major use for which is irrigation, is                    predominantly of broken pieces and clasts of
the large...
between 23oC and 30.9oC. The mean annual            In terms of fertility, Biliran and Leyte have
     temperature, howeve...
A general picture of the health situation in                      were three dentists (1/2), 42 nurses (33/9),
the provinc...
public elementary schools and between 1:35       sponds to a magnitude of 134,890. Urban
     and 1:39 for public secondar...
core shelters was started in 2009 and will be                       tion in the same year was 812 MT. Coconut
completed by...
cial and municipal fishing, including aquacul-       nothing from mining and quarrying. From 2001
     ture production.    ...
The existing road network in the province                        Nautical Highway (Eastern Seaboard) Project
provides suffi...
In addition, other government agencies               The provincial government of Biliran consists
     (OGAs) had assiste...
PART 2:
                               Status Report on
                                 the Millennium
                  ...
time of the survey, the proportion of population   shortage, representing 12.1 percent of the
     living below the povert...
population (85.6%) living below the poverty                          Figure 4
threshold. In numbers, it accounted for 3,21...
Proportion of Population/Household
            within the Food Threshold

              The NSCB defines food threshold as ...
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran

4,057

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
4,057
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
70
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Biliran"

  1. 1. Province of BILIRAN 1 Philippines Fourth Progress Report on the Millennium Development Goals using CBMS Data - Province of Province of Marinduque
  2. 2. Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  3. 3. Foreword This document titled Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data is the first provincial report which the province of Biliran has made with regard to attaining the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It is an embodiment of the aspirations set forth in the Millennium Declaration, with the analyses of the data based on the first round of the Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) survey conducted in the entire province, and the culmination of the collaboration of the PEP-CBMS Network Coordinating Team, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)-Philippines, and the nine pilot provinces. Although this report aims to measure and report on the progress of the LGU toward attaining the MDGs, it does so by comparing the status of the LGU in 2005 and 2006 with the target indicators; it does not attempt to present an annual assessment of progress, which is done in the national progress report. The Millennium Declaration has set 2015 as the target year by which most of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which established the benchmarks for reducing extreme poverty in practically all its dimensions, will have been attained. There are eight MDGs covered in this report, namely: 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger; 2. Achieve universal primary educa- tion; 3. Promote gender equality and empower women; 4. Reduce child mortality; 5. Improve maternal health; 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases; 7. Ensure environmental sustainability; and 8. Develop a global partnership for development. In 2005, the CBMS survey was conducted in the municipality of Cabucgayan as a pilot LGU. The following year, the CBMS survey was conducted in the rest of the seven municipalities through the initiative of Governor Rogelio J. Espina and the Provincial Government of Biliran, with funding support from the Institute for Democratic Participation in Governance (IDPG), a non-government organization, and in coordination with the municipal LGUs, the Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG), and the PEP-CBMS Network Coordinating Team. In October 2009, the Provincial Planning and Development Office of Biliran accepted the invitation of the PEP-CBMS to join the project on the Preparation of Provincial MDG Reports. The collaboration was effected by a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) ratified by the Sangguni- ang Panlalawigan (SP) through SP Resolution No. 312, s. 2009. Thereafter, the Provincial MDG Team was created and composed of Engineer/EnP Danilo L. Bonifacio, Provincial Planning and Development Coordinator (PPDC); Mr. Remigio S. Delfin, Planning Officer IV; and Mr. Oscar O. Borrinaga, Administrative Assistant I, all belonging to the Provincial Planning and Development Office (PPDO). 2 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  4. 4. The project aimed to capacitate selected provincial governments to systematically measure, monitor, and report progress toward the attainment of the MDGs. The objectives were to track local progress toward the attainment of the MDGs, formulate a standard guide or methodol- ogy on how to prepare Provincial MDG Reports, and increase local awareness on how these reports can bridge local and national development strategies. To achieve these objectives, a series of training sessions were conducted, and aptly, the first session was a workshop on Processing of CBMS Data to Generate MDG Indicators. The main report consists of three parts: 1) a profile of the province, 2) progress report on the MDGs, and 3) a brief account on how the 2015 targets can be met. The section dealing with the provincial profile is limited to certain aspects of the LGU that have some relation to the MDG indicators whereas the presentation of the progress report is more detailed as it includes quantitative and qualitative data and information. Under the progress report section are tables and poverty maps that show the LGU’s current status and trends on attaining the MDG targets, the LGU’s policies and programs being implemented, the challenges it faces to meet the targets, and where appropriate, a short discussion showcasing its notable programs and projects. 3 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  5. 5. Acknowledgments The members of the Provincial MDG Team of Biliran gratefully acknowledge the invaluable support to this project by the Honorable Provincial Governor Rogelio J. Espina, MD, FPOA, for his leadership and unwavering support not only in the preparation of this report but also in the conduct of the first round of the CBMS Survey; and by the PEP-CBMS Network Coordinating Team, through its team leader, Dr. Celia M. Reyes, and her staff for the technical assistance and guidance throughout the course of the report preparation. Special mention is made to Mr. Marsmath A. Baris, Jr., who is the focal person of the MDG Mentoring Team for the province of Biliran. The team would also like to extend its thanks and gratitude to the United Nations Develop- ment Programme in the Philippines for the support and advice through Ms. Corazon Urquico, portfolio manager; the NEDA-Social Development Staff (SDS) for providing useful inputs, especially during the critiquing; the participants from other provincial LGUs for the sharing of experiences and ideas; the Municipal Planning and Development Coordinators (MPDCs) of the Province of Biliran, who were responsible for overseeing the conduct of the CBMS Survey in the province, upon which this report is largely based; and to all those who have contributed in one way or another to the completion of this report. Biliran Provincial MDG Team 4 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  6. 6. Message The preparation of provincial MDGs reports is a critical step that Local Govern- ment Units (LGUs) have taken in the overall effort to localize the MDGs. As it is often said, the MDGs will be ‘won or lost’ at the local level given the conditions of uneven progress and disparities across regions and provinces in the country. Beyond the national averages, one can see wide disparities on the gains in poverty reduction, universal education, child mortality and maternal health. This situation reinforces the notion that the progress of each province is just as important as the achievements of the country as a whole. After all, the Philippines’ progress towards the MDGs, is the sum of the efforts and gains of all LGUs. By preparing provincial reports, LGUs are provided vital information on the status of the MDGs in their areas of influence. These reports are important sources of information for planning, resource allocation and priority setting that LGUs are tasked under their mandate of effective local governance. Likewise, in the course of the preparation of the reports, the capacity of LGUs to collect, monitor and use data for decision making has been greatly enhanced. The reports also show how far the Community Based Monitoring System (CBMS) that UNDP has supported can go in terms of its use. Against the backdrop of renewed optimism emanating from the new political leadership, this first set of nine Provincial Reports on the MDGs is a timely and important milestone. The reports provide crucial insights on how to overcome the constraints in achieving the MDGs locally as the country gears towards the last stretch to attain the eight goals by 2015. They also emphasize the important role of active collaboration of political leaders, stakeholders, and donors in achieving the MDGs. I wish to commend the nine Provincial Governments that prepared their reports – the Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Biliran, Camarines Norte, Eastern Samar, Marinduque, Romblon, Saran- gani and Siquijor Province – the Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) Network and the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) for working together in bringing about this important accomplishment. With this initiative, it is hoped that other provinces will follow suit to attain nationwide support for the need to accelerate the pace of the achievement of the MDGs by 2015.s Dr Dr. Jacqueline Badcock UN Resident Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative 5 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  7. 7. Message Republic of the Philippines PROVINCE OF AGUSAN DEL NORTE 6543 Naval, Biliran OFFICE OF THE GOVERNOR First of all, we wish to thank the CBMS Network Coordinating Team for its technical assistance in the preparation of the Provincial MDG Report of Biliran and to the UNDP-Philippines for galvanizing support for this tehni- cal collaboration, both of which have greatly facilitated the completion of this report. Special thanks also go to the staff of NEDA-SDS and the other provincial governments who took part in this project for their valuable insights in the crafting of the document. We are truly glad that there is now a subnational (provincial level) MDG publication so that we may learn from other LGUs’ concrete experiences and best practices as well as share our own in pursuing particular goals. As we move closer to 2015 when the goals and targets that have been set in the Millen- nium Declaration are supposed to be met, the formulation of the provincial report enables the concerned LGU to realistically keep track of the progress it has made in attaining these goals and targets at the local level because the assessment is based on the results of the CBMS survey. Initially, it would be difficult to measure and evaluate how we are faring in achieving the global goals and determining the extent of our contribution to the national commitment based on just a single round of CBMS survey conducted provincewide several years ago. However, we are convinced there is much to gain from this initiative when we have completed the second round by the end of 2010. Furthermore, the publication of this report will help promote transparency in local governance and make us local officials more accountable to our constituents in the pursuit of our own development agenda, especially those that are aligned with the MDGs. The MDG targets will be our guiding posts and, at the same time, serve as the bar by which our efforts—the 6 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  8. 8. services we have to deliver and the programs and projects we need to implement—will be measured. Meeting most, if not all, of these MDG targets would translate, to a great extent, to obtaining our vision of promoting the well-being and uplifting the living conditions of our constituents. Let us put into action the lessons and insights we have gained from this undertaking so that in our own little way we can help liberate our people from poverty and deprivation—by sustaining our own interventions that have proved to be successful; by adopting and replicating other LGUs’/agencies’ strategies to the targets that we find difficult to attain; and by simply attuning our activities to the actual needs of our local communities, which we can ascertain through the CBMS. ROGELIO J. ESPINA, MD, FPOA Governor 7 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  9. 9. Table of Contents Foreword ........................................................................................................ 2 Acknowledgments .................................................................................................. 4 Messages UN Resident Coordinator Dr. Jacqueline Badcock ............................... 5 Biliran Governor Rogelio J. Espina, MD, FPOA ..................................... 6 Table of Contents ................................................................................................. 8 List of Acronyms .................................................................................................. 10 List of Tables ....................................................................................................... 13 List of Figures ...................................................................................................... 15 Executive Summary ...................................................................................... 16 Part 1. Provincial Profile 1. History ........................................................................................ 23 2. Geo-physical Environment ............................................................. 24 3. Population and Social Environment ................................................ 26 4. Local Economy ............................................................................... 29 5. Infrastructure/Utilities/Facilities ....................................................... 30 6. Local Institutional Capability ........................................................... 32 Part 2. Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Goal 1 - Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger .................................................... 33 Goal 2 - Achieve Universal Primary Education ....................................................... 45 Goal 3 - Promote Gender Equality ....................................................................... 55 Goal 4 - Reduce Child Mortality .......................................................................... 59 8 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  10. 10. Table of Contents Goal 5 - Improve Maternal Health ........................................................................... 65 Goal 6 - Combat HIV / AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases ....................................... 69 Goal 7 - Ensure Environmental Sustainability ........................................................ 72 Goal 8 - Develop a Global Partnership for Development ....................................... 82 Part 3. Meeting the 2015 Challenge Priority Programs and Policy Responses ...................................................... 86 Financing the MDGs ................................................................................ 87 Monitoring the MDGs .................................................................................. 88 Explanatory Text .......................................................................................... 89 9 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  11. 11. List of Acronyms ADB Asian Development Bank AIP Annual Investment Program ALS Alternative Learning System ARMM Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao BEMONC Basic Emergency Obstetrics and Neonatal Care BESRA Basic Education Sector Reform Agenda BHCs Barangay Health Councils BHS Barangay Health Stations BHTs Barangay Health Teams BHWs Barangay Health Workers BILECO Biliran Electric Cooperative BNS Barangay Nutrition Scholar BPH Biliran Provincial Hospital BPITLC Biliran Provincial Information Learning and Technology Center BWSAs Barangay Waterworks and Sanitation Associations CBMS Community-Based Monitoring System CEMONC Comprehensive Emergency Obstetrics and Neonatal Care CFSS Child-Friendly School System CHED Commission on Higher Education CHP Child Health Program CIS Communal Irrigation System CMP Community Mortgage Program CNSAT Cabucgayan National School of Arts and Trades COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease CSR Cohort Survival Rate DepEd Department of Education DENR Department of Environment and Natural Resources DILG Department of Interior and Local Government DM Diabetes Mellitus DOH Department of Health DPWH Department of Public Works and Highways DSWD Department of Social Welfare and Development DTI Department of Trade and Industry EAP Educational Assistance Project EC European Community ECCD Early Childhood Care and Development EMIS Education Management Information System FPW Framework Plan for Women GASTPE Government Assistance to Students and Teachers in Private Education 10 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  12. 12. GER Gross Enrolment Rate GOP Government of the Philippines HCVD Hypertensive Cardiovascular Disease HEPO Health Education Promotion Officer HSPSP Health Sector Policy Support ICT Information and Communication Technology IFMA Industrial Forestry Management Agreement ILHZ Inter Local Health Zone IMCI Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses IPHO Integrated Provincial Health Office IRA Internal Revenue Allotment JBIC Japan Band of International Cooperation JICA Japan International Cooperation Agency LAVE Livelihood, Agriculture, Values, and Entrepreneurship LCIP Learning Competency Improvement Program LGUs Local Government Units MCHP Maternal and Child Healthcare Program MDG Millennium Development Goal MDR Maternal Death Review MGB Mines and Geosciences Bureau MHOs Municipal Health Officers MHP Maternal Health Program MPS Mean Percentage Scores NDA National Dairy Authority NDCC National Disaster Coordinating Council NER Net Enrolment Rate NGAs National Government Agencies NIT Naval Institute of Technology (now NSU for Naval State University) NPC-SPUG National Power Corporation-Small Power Utilities Group NSCB National Statistical and Coordination Board NSO National Statistics Office OGA Other Government Agencies OPAS Office of Provincial Agricultural Services PENRO Provincial Environment and Natural Resources Office PEPT Philippine Educational Placement Test PESO Public Employment Service Office PCDP Provincial Comprehensive Development Plan (PCDP) PCWWI Provincial Council for WomenÊs Welfare, Inc. 11 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  13. 13. List of Acronyms PHN Public Health Nurse PIP Provincial Investment Program PIPH Provincial Investment Plan for Health PLDT Philippine Long Distance Telephone POs Peoples Organizations PPMDOTS Public Private Mix Directly Observed Treatment Short Course PSSP Provincial Sanitation Sector Plan PSPIP Provincial Strategic Plan and Investment Program PSWDO Provincial Social Welfare and Development Office PTB Pulmonary Tuberculosis PWDs Persons with Disabilities RDI Rural Development Institute RHMs Rural Health Midwives RHU Rural Health Units RSET Regional Social and Economic Trends RWSSP Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project RYF Responsible Youth and Family SBD School Building Program SBRMS School-Based Repair and Maintenance Scheme SCALA Sharing Computer Access Locally and Abroad SEDIP Secondary Education Development and Improvement Project SFI Schools First Initiative SIFMA Socialized Industrial Forest Management Agreement SK Sangguniang Kabataan SMMEs Small, Medium, and Micro Enterprises SY School Year TB Tuberculosis TBA Trained Birth Attendants TBDC Tuberculosis Diagnostic Committee TEEP Third Elementary Education Program TESDA Technical Education and Skills Development Authority TLV/TVE Technical Livelihood/Vocational Education WHTs WomenÊs Health Teams WORD-KALIPI WomenÊs Organization for Rural Development-Kalipunan ng Liping Pilipina 12 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  14. 14. List of Tables Table 1. Summary of Findings of MDG Indicators, Province of Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 2. Comparative Status of MDG Attainment, Province of Biliran Table 3. Profile of Municipalities Table 4. Vital Health Indices, 2006 Table 5. Performance Indicators in Government Schools, Division of Biliran, 2005-2009 Table 6. Status of National and Provincial Roads, Province of Biliran, 2008-2009 Table 7. Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger, Provincial Summary, Province of Biliran Table 8. Magnitude and Proportion of Households/Population Below Poverty Threshold, by Sex, by Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 9. Magnitude and Proportion of Households/Population Living Below the Food Threshold, by Sex, by Urban/Rural, and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 10. Poverty Gap Ratio, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 11. Employment Rate, by Sex, by Urban/Rural, and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 12. Magnitude and Proportion of Households/Population Who Experienced Food Shortage, by Sex, by Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 13. Prevalence of Underweight Children Under 5 Years of Age, by Sex, by Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 14. Achieve Universal Primary Education, Provincial Summary, Province of Biliran Table 15 Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 6-12 Years Old Enrolled in Elementary School, by Sex, By Urban/Rural, and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 16. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 13-16 Years Old Enrolled in High School, by Sex, By Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 17. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 6-16 Years Old Enrolled in School, by Sex, By Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 18. Literacy Rate of 15- to 24-Year-Olds, by Sex, By Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 19. Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women, Provincial Summary, Province of Biliran Table 20. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Primary Education, by Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 21. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Secondary Education, By Urban/Rural, and By Municipality Table 22. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Tertiary Education, by Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 23. Ratio of Literate Females to Literate Males Aged 15-24 Years Old, by Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 24. Magnitude and Proportion of Elective Seats Held by Women, by Municipality, Biliran, 2007 Table 25. Reduce Child Mortality, Provincial Summary, Province of Biliran Table 26. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 0 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died, by Sex, By Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 13 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  15. 15. List of Tables Table 27. Magnitude and Proportion of Infants Who Died, by Sex, by Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 28. Magnitude and Proportion of Children Aged 1 to Less than 5 Who Died, by Sex, By Urban/Rural, and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 29. Improve Maternal Health Summary Table, Provincial Summary, Province of Biliran Table 30. Magnitude and Proportion of Female Deaths due to Pregnancy-Related Causes, by Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 31. Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria, and Other Diseases, Provincial Summary, Province of Biliran Table 32. Ensure Environmental Sustainability, Provincial Summary, Province of Biliran Table 33. Proportion of Land Area Covered by Forest, by Municipality, Biliran, 2006 Table 34. Magnitude and Proportion of Households/Population with Access to Safe Drinking Water, by Sex, by Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 35. Magnitude and Proportion of Households/Population with Access to Sanitary Toilet Facilities, by Sex, by Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 36. Magnitude and Proportion of Households/Population Who Are Informal Settlers, by Sex, by Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 37. Magnitude and Proportion of Households/Population Who Are Living in Makeshift Housing, by Sex, by Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 38. Magnitude and Proportion of Households/Population Who are Living in Inadequate Living Conditions, by Sex, by Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 39. Develop a Global Partnership for Development, Provincial Summary, Province of Biliran Table 40. Magnitude and Proportion of Households with Cellphones, by Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 41. Magnitude and Proportion of Households with Computers, by Urban/Rural and by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Table 42. Summary of Incomes and Expenditures, Biliran Province (2006-2009) Table 43. The CBMS-MDG Indicators and their Definition Table 44. Poverty and Food Thresholds 14 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  16. 16. List of Figures Figure 1. Location Map Figure 2. Province of Biliran Figure 3. Age/Sex Structure, 2007 Figure 4. Proportion of Population Below Poverty Threshold, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 5. Proportion of Population Below Food Threshold, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 6. Poverty Gap Ratio, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 7. Employment Rate, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 8. Proportion of Population Who Experienced Food Shortage, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 9. Prevalence of Underweight Children Under Five Years of Age, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 10. Proportion of Children Aged 6-12 Years Old Enrolled in Elementary School, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 11. Proportion of Children Aged 13-16 Years Old Enrolled in High School, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 12. Proportion of Children Aged 6-16 Years Old Enrolled in School, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 13. Literacy Rate of Population of 15- to 24-Year-Olds, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 14. Proportion of Elective Seats Held by Women, by Municipality, Biliran, 2007 Figure 15. Proportion of Children Aged 0 to Less than 5 Years Old Who Died, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 16. Proportion of Infants Who Died, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 17. Proportion of Children Aged 1 to Less than 5 Years Old Who Died, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 18. Proportion of Women Deaths Due to Pregnancy-Related Causes, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 19. Death Rates Associated with Tuberculosis, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 20. Proportion of Population With Access to Safe Drinking Water, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 21. Proportion of Population With Access to Sanitary Toilet Facilities, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 22. Proportion of Population Who are Informal Settlers, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 23. Proportion of Population Who Live in Makeshift Housing, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 24. Proportion of Population Living in Inadequate Living Conditions, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 25. Proportion of Households With Cellphones, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 26. Proportion of Households With Computers, by Municipality, Biliran, 2005-2006 Figure 27. CBMS Coverage in the Philippines (as of May 12, 2010) 15 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  17. 17. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Biliran is an island province located was conducted in the seven municipalities in between the islands of Leyte and Samar in 2006 following the successful implementa- Eastern Visayas. From being a subprovince tion of the same survey in the municipality of of Leyte, it became a regular province Cabucgayan in 2005 as a pilot LGU. on May 11, 1992, after a plebiscite was conducted in accordance with the provi- At the time the survey was conducted sions of Republic Act (R.A.) 7160, also (mainly in 2006), the total population was known as the 1992 Local Government 144,238, of which the males constituted 50.9 Code of the Philippines. The province is percent (73,397) and the females accounted composed of eight municipalities and for 49.1 percent (70,841). As there were 30,763 132 barangays and has a total land area households, the average household size was of 555.42 square kilometers (sq km). It computed to be 5 (4.7) persons. The annual is classified as a fourth-class province per capita threshold of Biliran was placed and is one of the poorest provinces in at PhP12,966 (P12,100 for Cabucgayan) for the country. Its lack of financial, material, the urban areas and PhP12,137 (P10,700 for and manpower resources might hinder its Cabucgayan) for the rural areas. The food ability and capacity to meet the Millennium threshold was set at PhP8,948 (PhP8,350 for Development Goals (MDGs). Cabucgayan) and PhP8,786 (PhP7,746 for Cabucgayan) for the urban and rural areas, Despite the constraints, Biliran vigor- respectively. ously pursued the programs and projects that would lead to the attainment of the targets The following presents a summary of the set in the Millennium Declaration. Through MDG report of the province of Biliran using this report, we can determine the extent to the results of the CBMS survey in 2006. which the MDGs have been achieved using data from the local government unit’s (LGU) Good News Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) • The provincial average ratio of girls to survey in 2005-2006 and, where possible, boys in primary education was 1.0, which is compare these levels with the national and/ already the ideal ratio in the MDG. This means or regional levels and targets. This report does that there are as many girls as there are boys not attempt to measure the rate of progress attending elementary school. This situation is the LGU has made in recent years considering almost the same both in the urban (0.98) and that only a single round of the CBMS survey rural (0.99) areas. 16 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  18. 18. living below the poverty line. Proportion of • The survey further revealed that 3,706 the population living below the poverty line, households experienced food shortage; this however, was 70.4 percent, which is equivalent represents 12.1 percent of the total number to 101,667 Biliranons. of households. The magnitude of the popula- • Around 16,217 households were living tion was 19,250, and there were more males below the food threshold. This is equivalent (9,955) than females (9,295) who experienced to 52.9 percent of the total number of house- food shortage. holds. The magnitude of the population living • Also, 10,804 households (35.1%) were below the food threshold was 84,848 or 53.4 living in inadequate situations. percent of the total population. • There were a total of 14,897 children aged Meeting the 2015 Challenge 13-16 in the province, which are composed of 7,846 males (52.7%) and 7,051 females The results of the CBMS survey in the (47.3%). The magnitude of the population province in 2006 give an indication that aged 13-16 who are enrolled in high school some, if not most, of the MDG targets can was around 8,388, representing 56.3 percent. be attained by 2015. Meeting these targets, Proportion of children aged 6-16 who were however, would require initiative and political nerolled in school is 82.6 percent. This means will on the part of the leaders who would that of the 42,946 children belonging to this be elected in the May 10, 2010, elections. age bracket, only 35,456 children found ways In addition, the commitment of the other to be in school. This finding also implies that program partners is necessary in sustaining most of the children who were not in school at a reasonable rate the achievement of the belong to the 13-16 age group. The forego- MDG targets within the remaining years. ing data underscore the fact that although elementary and secondary education in To eradicate extreme poverty and hunger, public schools are free, many other factors agri-fishery production must be improved were preventing children from continuing their by intensifying and diversifying farming and studies, foremost of which is poverty. fishery programs through better production • During the survey period, Biliran registered technologies and the provision of support 93 deaths among children aged 0 to less infrastructure. Increased income of families than 5 years old. Of this number, 54 were and the generation of livelihood opportuni- males (58.1%) and 39 (41.9%) were females. ties can be addressed by developing small, Around 16,761 children belonging to this age medium, and micro enterprises (SMMEs) in bracket. This segment of the population was all municipalities of the province. An efficient concentrated in rural areas (78.2%). marketing strategy has to be institutionalized • There were forty (40) infants who died in and access to credit needs to be enhanced. 2006, 25 of which were males (62.5%) while Developing the local tourism industry 15 were females (37.5%). The number of can contribute greatly to providing more infants then was 2,915, in which 1,500 (51.5%) employment opportunities as well as insti- were males and 1,415 were females (48.5%). tutionalizing the Public Employment Service Infant mortality rate was 13.5 per 1,000 live Office (PESO) and conducting regular jobs births. Majority of the children (77.8%) was in fairs. Sustaining the supplemental feeding the rural areas. program would also require greater partici- 17 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  19. 19. • In secondary education, the ratio of girls to Not-so-Good News boys was 1.1, indicating that girls are performing • The survey showed that there were more well than boys. In rural areas, the ratio was 1.04 literate males than females in the 15-24 age and in the urban areas, 1.13. In tertiary educa- bracket and the ratio of girls-to-boys was tion, on the other hand, the same ratio of 1.1 0.9. This observation apllies both to rural and was estimated. Unlike in secondary education, urban areas. boys outnumber girls in urban areas. • About 451 out of the 1,159 local elective • Proportion of households with access to posts, or 39 percent of the total elective seats, safe drinking water was quite high at 93.6 were occupied by women. The positions percent, covering a total of 28,783 households. considered included that of the SK president. Proportion of population with access, however, • Six (6) pregnancy-related deaths were was 93.5 percent, which is equivalent to a total recorded in the province; one case took place number of 134,890 persons. Urban areas had in an urban area while five deaths occurred higher access at 98.7 percent than rural areas in rural areas. The maternal mortality ratio per with only 92.0 percent. 100,000 live births was 205.4 while proportion • Proportion of households living as informal of pregnancy-related deaths was 0.2. settlers was 2.5 percent, which is equivalent • In terms of the prevalence and number to 768 households. In terms of population, the of deaths associated with tuberculosis, there proportion was 2.6 percent, or 3,726 persons. were 27 reported deaths consisting of 16 • There were around 1,203 living in makeshift males (59.3%) and 11 females (40.7%). Ten housing, representing 3.9 percent of the total (10) incidents occurred in urban areas while number of households. Proportion of the 17 cases happened in rural areas. Proportion population living in makeshift housing, on the of deaths associated with tuberculosis was other hand, was 3.8 percent, representing about 18.7 per 100,000 population). 5,490 people. • Proportion of households with access • Mortality rate among children aged 0 to less to sanitary toilet facilities was 71.5 percent, than 5 is 6 per 1,000 live births. The under-five representing 21,978 households, had access. mortality rate, on the other hand, registered Proportion of the population with access to at 27.1, which was 15.9 points lower than the sanitation, however, was 71.3 percent, which regional average (43.0) and was better than is equivalent to around 102,929 persons. Rural the national average of 32.0. According to the population had lower access to sanitation at National Statistical and Coordination Board 68.2 percent than urban population, with 81.8 (NSCB), the under-five mortality rate of Eastern percent. Visayas (43.0) was the second-highest in the • The magnitude of employed population country, next to Region IV-B (MIMAROPA) and was estimated to be 39,730. There were more the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao employed males (28,877 or 82.4%) than (ARMM), both of which have 45.0 (RSET Report females (10,853 or 62.4%). The employment 2009). rate, meanwhile, was 75.8 percent. • Literacy rate among the population aged 15-24 was 97.1 percent. Posing a Great Challenge • There were no reported cases of HIV/AIDS in Biliran as per report of the Provincial Health • In 2006, 19,941 households (or 65.0% Office (PHO). of the total number of households) were 18 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  20. 20. pation from nongovernment organizations Financing the MDG (NGOs) and the private sector. From 2006 to 2009, the average annual In terms of providing universal education, income growth rate of the province of Biliran the Learning Competency Improvement was only 8.34 percent. The Internal Revenue Program (LCIP) can be strengthened by Allotment (IRA) remained the biggest single establishing functional reading projects in all source, accounting for 90.62 percent (2006- schools and making use of computer-aided 2009), but its annual growth rate for the same learning materials. Also, the implementation period was only 7.78 percent. The remaining 9.38 of the Alternative Learning System (ALS) can percent of income came from local taxes. On be improved by providing adequate supplies the other hand, the expenditures of the province and instructional materials. grew at an average rate of 12.82%. The largest component went to personal services (53.44%), In the area of health, the implementa- followed by maintenance and other operating tion of the Maternal and Child Healthcare expenses (MOOE) at 42.33 percent, financial Program (MCHP) has to be sustained and expenses (1.14%), and subsidies given to LGUs continuous advocacy on a healthy lifestyle at 3.09 percent. and avoidance or prevention of infectious diseases has to be undertaken. Adequate Faced with this tight financial situation, the and efficient water supply and sanitation province needs to develop a workable and facilities in underserved areas should be effective revenue generation plan to improve installed. and increase tax collection. It also has to forge strong partnerships with NGOs and the The lives of slum dwellers can be improved private sector and tap all available assistance through proper planning of settlements. from the national government and foreign Beneficiaries of government housing and organizations so that it can carry out the resettlement projects must be thoroughly programs and projects necessary to achieve assessed and selected, especially for the Core the MDG targets, particularly those that Shelter Project and the Community Mortgage require convergence of efforts and resources. Program (CMP). Monitoring the MDG On reversing the loss of environmental resources, environmental laws should be The CBMS is considered as the most effec- strictly enforced by concerned government tive tool for monitoring the MDGs at the local agencies. The government should continue to level insofar as the LGUs that implemented the provide protective infrastructure to hazard- CBMS surveys are concerned. Other monitor- prone areas, regulate indiscriminate land ing tools, however, may be used to help track conversion to protect prime and viable agricul- progress in achieving the MDGs, particularly tural lands, encourage urban expansion to those tools that have been developed and environmentally compatible areas, and review actually used by line agencies of the national and update the land-use plans and zoning of government to attain their respective specific the municipalities. targets. 19 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  21. 21. Table 1. Summary of Findings of MDG Indicators, Province of Biliran, 2005-2006 20 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  22. 22. Table 1. (Continued) 21 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  23. 23. 22 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  24. 24. Part 1. Provincial Profile History Figure 1. Location map of Biliran Biliran, a fourth-class province, is nestled between the islands of Leyte and Samar (Figure 1). It is one of the six provinces that make up Region VIII in Eastern Visayas. The island of Biliran was originally known as Isla de Panamao but according to folklore, Biliran derived its name from a native grass called “borobiliran,” which was abundant on the plains of the island during the pre-Spanish period. In the 18th century, a group of settlers inhabited the plains of what is now called the town of Biliran. This settlement developed and grew and by 1878, it was formally declared a Figure 2. Map province of Biliran municipality of Leyte by the Spanish authori- ties, the first town in the island of Biliran. This significant event led to the naming of the whole island as Biliran. The island of Biliran was formerly a subprov- ince of Leyte. It gained the status of a subprov- ince by virtue of R.A. 2141, which was enacted by Congress on April 8, 1959. Under this charter, the municipalities of Almeria, Biliran, Cabucgayan, Caibiran, Culaba, Kawayan, Maripipi, and Naval, including all the terri- tories therein, made up the subprovince, with Naval as the seat of government. 23 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  25. 25. On May 11, 1992, during the synchro- Among the municipalities, Naval, the capital nized national and local elections, a of the province, has the largest area (107.08 plebiscite was conducted to ratify the sq km), followed by Caibiran (94.58 sq km). conversion of the subprovince into a The smallest is Maripipi, with an area of 31.71 regular province pursuant to Section 462 sq km (table 1). of R.A. 7160, otherwise known as the Local Government Code of the Philippines. On May 21, 1992, the members of the Plebi- Rugged mountains bisect the entire length scite Board of Canvassers were unanimous of the island. The highest point is Mt. in proclaiming the conversion of Biliran into Naliwatan in the center of the island, with an independent province, to be known as an elevation of 1,340 meters above sea level the Province of Biliran. (masl). There are nine mountain peaks rising more than 1,000 masl. Generally, the steep Geophysical Environment mountain slopes start from an elevation of 300 masl; below this elevation is considered This island province is located about 123 rolling terrain where most settlements can km northwest of Tacloban City, the regional be found. center. It has eight municipalities (seven in the mainland and one island municipality) and Only 3 percent of the total land area of 132 barangays, of which 19 are urban and Biliran is level to gently sloping. These low-lying 113, rural (fig. 2). Biliran is represented as a areas are generally located in coastal areas lone district in the House of Representatives. and along river banks. Most of the areas having gently sloping to undulating terrain The total land area is 555.42 sq km (55,542 (3%-8% slope) can be found in Naval and hectares), which is only 0.18 percent of the Caibiran. Philippines’ total land area of about 300,000 sq km, and only 2.59 percent of the land Rivers make up the inland water bodies. area of the entire Eastern Visayas. Of the total There are 29 identified rivers. Seven of these area of 55,542 ha, 28,600 ha are considered are classified as major ones, namely, Anas, alienable and disposable while 26,942 ha are Amambahag, Caibiran, Mapula, Santol, forestlands. Caraycaray and Bagongbong rivers. Caray- 24 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  26. 26. caray, the major use for which is irrigation, is predominantly of broken pieces and clasts of the largest with a watershed area of 85 sq km. older, weathered, and eroded rocks. In the eastern plains of Biliran Island, particularly in Under R.A. 8550, the delineated municipal the municipalities of Culaba and Kawayan, seawaters of Biliran extend 15 km from the rocks are underlain with alluvial formation. The shoreline. These seawaters are a rich fishing geomorphology is attributed to the underlying ground. The average depth 10 km from the natural activities of rivers and streams. Found coastline is about 50 fathoms or 300 meters in the western coast is a large alluvial plain (m). including fans distributed in the municipalities of Almeria, Naval, and Biliran. These broad The rugged mountains that traverse the alluvial plains consist of river terraces and river entire island are primarily conserved to serve fans which represent the deposition of the river as watersheds rather than as sources of timber. system. Higatangan Island lies in the northern Numerous spring sources thrive in these extension of the western mountain system of watersheds and are the main sources of drink- Leyte. The clastic rocks, which are composed ing water brought down to settlements in the primarily of fragments or clasts of preexisting lowlands. Waterfalls with heights ranging from rocks occur along the western slopes of Biliran 30 to 50 meters also abound in the mountains. and Higatangan Islands. The 35 km long volcanic island of Biliran According to the Mines and Geosciences contains many prominent andesitic lava Bureau (MGB), there are three major minerals domes. The fumarole fields that are scattered present in Biliran—gypsum, sulfur, and white throughout the island indicate the presence of clay. Elemental sulfur deposits in the munici- geothermal energy. Initial exploration showed pality of Caibiran have an estimated volume that the mountains of Naval and Caibiran are of 320 metric tons (MT). The ore reserve has potential sources of geothermal power. Hot a 30 percent grade in the altered zone of springs are present in these areas, and these montmorillonite and quartz. The volume of are also good prospects for ecotourism. gypsum deposits is still to be determined. White clay deposits in Culaba have yet to be Major rivers can also be alternative sources evaluated as to grade/quality and volume. of power. Studies conducted by a consulting firm revealed that a total of 6,900 kilowatts Biliran has Type IV climate based on the (kW) can be generated from these rivers if Modified Coronas Classification of Climate, these are tapped as sources for mini hydro with rainfall more or less evenly distributed power plants. throughout the year. The northeast monsoon prevails from November to February; the The geologic features of the islands and southeast monsoon, from July to September. islets that natural elements have carved over The trade winds, which generally come from time, the pristine beaches, and the rich marine the east, prevail whenever the northeast resources are added tourism draws. monsoon and the southeast monsoon are inactive. In Maripipi Island, the underlying rock forma- tions are clastic sedimentary rocks composed Temperature in Biliran usually ranges 25 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  27. 27. between 23oC and 30.9oC. The mean annual In terms of fertility, Biliran and Leyte have temperature, however, is 27oC. Maximum a projected rate of 3.69 percent for the rainfall usually occurs in December and period 2005-2010, which is close compared January; minimum rainfall, in April. to the regional projected fertility rate of 3.89 percent. The projected life expectancy at birth is estimated to be 67.83 years for males and Population and Social Environment 72.41 years for females for 2005-2010. Based on the 2007 census of population The annual population growth rate of the conducted by the National Statistics Office province from 2000 to 2007 was 0.93 percent. (NSO), the province had a total population of Based on this growth rate, Biliran is projected 150,031. The household population, however, to have a population of 154,261 by 2010. was 149,733, consisting of 76,898 males and 72,835 females or a sex ratio of 105.6. The In 2005, a CBMS survey was conducted in same census showed that Biliran had 32,148 the municipality of Cabucgayan. This munici- households. Thus, the average household size pality was one of the pilot LGUs in Region VIII is 4.7, or about 5 persons per household, and for the CBMS. The following year (2006), the the population density is 270 persons per sq CBMS was conducted provincewide. km. The age dependency ratio of the house- hold population is 83.64. The age and sex The 2005-2006 CBMS survey revealed structure (commonly known as the population that the proportion of households below the pyramid) for the province is shown in figure 3. poverty threshold in the province was 65.6 while the proportion of the population below the poverty threshold was 70.9. Also, the proportions of the households and population living below the food threshold were 52.9 and 53.4, respectively. Further, it was determined that 39,730 were employed at the time of the survey. The males (28,877) outnumbered the females (10,853) in terms of employment. The employment rate then was estimated to be 75.8 percent. Unfortunately, data are not available to corroborate these findings considering that current statistics on employment are disag- gregated up to the regional level only. In the same survey, it was found that the proportion of infants aged 0 to less than 1 year old who died was 1.4, and the number of women who died due to pregnancy-related causes was six. 26 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  28. 28. A general picture of the health situation in were three dentists (1/2), 42 nurses (33/9), the province compared to the regional and 45 midwives (1/44), and 15 medical technolo- national data is shown in table 4. gists (8/7). The percentage of fully immunized clients was 85.05 percent, higher than the region- al average of 81.26 percent. On the nutri- tional status of children aged 0-6 years old, The following are the 10 leading causes of the number of below-normal (very low) cases mortality for the past five years: pneumonia, has declined over three years--536 cases in hypertensive cardiovascular disease (HCVD), 2006, 484 in 2007, and 437 in 2008. cancer, heart disease, pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease The 2009 Regional Social and Economic (COPD), bleeding peptic ulcer, renal diseases, Trends (RSET) report indicates that the simple diabetes mellitus (DM), and accidents. Of literacy rate of the population aged 10-64 the infectious diseases, only pneumonia and years old in Biliran in 2000 was 90.8 percent. PTB were among the top leading causes of This was higher than the regional average of mortality while the rest are lifestyle diseases. 89.9 percent. However, the functional literacy rate in the same year was 79.45 percent, The Biliran Provincial Hospital (BPH) which was lower than the national rate of is the lone hospital catering to the eight 83.79 percent. municipalities of the province as well as the nearby towns and barangays of Leyte. Its As of school year (SY) 2008-2009, the authorized bed capacity is 25. The average province had 128 elementary schools (125 number of in-patients per day is 78 with a government and three private), 18 secondary percentage occupancy rate of about 300 schools (16 under DepEd, one laboratory percent due to overutilization of hospital high school under CHED, and one private services. Bed-to-population ratio in 2008 Catholic school), and one state college—the was 1:6,057. In comparison, there were 81 Naval Institute of Technology (NIT). In 2009, government and private hospitals in Region NIT became a university and is now called the VIII in 2008, and the bed-to-population ratio Naval State University (NSU). Another school, was only 1:1,365. Further, Biliran has eight the Cabucgayan National School of Arts and municipal health centers and 37 barangay Trades (CNSAT), which is administered by the health stations. Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA), provides postsecondary As of 2008, there were only 173 professional and vocational education and training. health care practitioners in both hospital and field health services. Of this number, 24 were From SY 2001 to SY 2009, the teacher-student physicians (16 hospital/8 field health). There ratio has ranged between 1:27 and 1:28 for 27 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  29. 29. public elementary schools and between 1:35 sponds to a magnitude of 134,890. Urban and 1:39 for public secondary schools. areas were better served (98.7%) compared to rural areas (92.0%). Some performance indicators in public elementary and secondary schools in the As to the proportion of households with province are shown in table 5. access to sanitary toilet facilities, 21,978 house- holds (71.5%) had access. The propor- tion of population with access was 71.3 percent, which represents for 102,929 individuals. The rural population had less access to sanitary toilet facili- ties at 68.2 percent The Department of Education (DepEd) compared to the urban population (81.8%). division of Biliran, in its Division Education Development Plan 2006-2010, reported that The number of occupied housing units in there were 2,340 out-of-school children aged the province based on the 2000 census (per 6-14 and 6,411 out-of-school youth aged 2009 RSET) was 27,514. The breakdown for 15-24 in 2006. the occupied housing units by type of build- ing is as follows: 26,592 single houses; 338 The provincial government has been very duplexes; 112 multiunit residential structures; supportive of the education subsector. 55 commercial/industrial/agricultural struc- In 2005 alone, it initiated the following tures; four institutional living quarters; four activities in support of formal basic educa- other housing unit types; and 411 unreported tion: distributed 85 sets of computers types. Considering 27,909 households and a to selected schools; allocated books to household population of 140,174, the ratio of 18 schools under the Governor’s Books households to occupied housing units is 1.01 for the Barrios program; provided cable and the household population per occupied connection for the Knowledge Channel to housing unit is 5.09. six elementary and 16 secondary schools; sponsored literary and academic contests; For its part, the provincial government and provided a service vehicle (multicab) initiated the construction of 100 core-shelter to the division office. housing units in Barangay Larrazabal, Naval, in 2005 and completed them in 2006 with In the CBMS survey, the proportion of funding assistance from the central office households with access to safe drinking water of the Department of Social Welfare and was 93.2 percent, which translates to 28,783 Development (DSWD) and the National households. For the population served, the Disaster Coordinating Council (NDCC). proportion was 93.5 percent, which corre- The construction of an additional 50 units of 28 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  30. 30. core shelters was started in 2009 and will be tion in the same year was 812 MT. Coconut completed by June 2010. This project is being is the second major crop produced in the implemented with funding assistance from province. A total of 20,583 ha were planted the DSWD central office. In addition, 200 to coconut in 2007, yielding a total production housing units are expected to be built under volume of 50,668 MT. Banana production in the Community Mortgage Program (CMP) on 2007 was 15,314 MT from an area of 1,143 ha. a site adjacent to where the core shelters were built. The CMP was started by the provincial Livestock and poultry production remained government in 2008. at backyard-production levels. As of 2007, there were more hogs (44,030 heads) and Biliran is generally a peaceful province and goats (21,301 heads) raised than any other is known to be free of insurgents and rebel kind of livestock, while chicken (245,187 groups. heads) was the most commonly raised poultry in the province. There were 12,107 carabaos Based on the 2009 RSET for Eastern Visayas, in 2007, a slight decline from the population the crime incidence and crime-solution rate of 12,800 in 2006. There was also a decrease in Biliran in 2008 were 138 and 94.9 percent, of 638 heads in the cattle population between respectively. 2005 and 2007. On the other hand, the goat population increased by 5,014 heads from Local Economy 2005 to 2007. Data for the hog population showed an abrupt increase from 2005 to 2006, The predominant economic activities in but the number of hogs quickly declined the Biliran are agriculture and fishery. Most of the next year. people are engaged in farming and fishing, which contribute 35.6 percent to the total family Veterinary quarantine services are being income of the province. Although there are no undertaken at the Naval Port. An animal large agri-industries in the province, a lot of quarantine officer inspects vessels and issues the people are into agri-related livelihood veterinary clearances to animals shipped in and trade activities. Local small and medium and out of the province. enterprises (SMEs) are mostly agri-based. The two slaughterhouses are located in Agriculture, Fishery, and Forestry Naval and Almeria. Out of the total land area of 55,542 ha, Biliran is surrounded by rich fishing grounds, approximately 29,240 ha (52.6%) are agricul- namely, the Biliran Strait, Samar Sea, Carig- tural lands. ara Bay, Lamanok Sea, and Sambawan. In addition, the marine waters surrounding the Major agricultural products in the province islands of Capinahan, Dalutan, and Higatan- include palay, coconut, corn, cassava, gan serve as major fishing stations for the banana, sweet potato, fruits, and vegetables. province’s fisherfolk. In 2008, Biliran ranked second among the provinces in the region in terms of average In 2007, the province registered a total yield per hectare (4.6 MT/ha). Corn produc- production volume of 7,600 MT from commer- 29 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  31. 31. cial and municipal fishing, including aquacul- nothing from mining and quarrying. From 2001 ture production. to 2005, there were 181 registered estab- lishments that could be classified as being As of December 2009, there were 10 engaged in manufacturing activities. There operational fish sanctuaries in the province. are other manufacturing activities that are not Two shell sanctuaries will also be established. registered due perhaps to their small-scale Seaweeds are also being cultivated. operation. Although a large portion of the provincial Only four commercial banks operate in land area is taken up by forests, there is no Naval: the Land Bank of the Philippines (LBP), major forest-based economic activity in Biliran. Philippine National Bank (PNB), Metrobank, Forest products like abaca, nito, rattan, and and Green Bank. In addition, there is also a timber are abundant and are used as raw rural bank and a number of lending offices materials for handicraft, cottage, or small that are based mostly in Naval as well as industries. Other forestry products are lumber, credit cooperatives in every municipality. charcoal, and firewood. Infrastructure/Utilities/Facilities Service Sector Biliran has access to trimedia facilities. It has In 2007, Biliran registered a total of 499 a radio station based in Naval, Radyo Natin, establishments engaged in wholesale and which operates on the FM band. Owing to its retail trades. geographic location, strategic areas in Biliran can receive radio and television broadcasts Transportation within the province, especially from stations based in other provinces like within the capital town of Naval, is dominated Leyte, Samar, Cebu, Iloilo, and even the by motorcycles and tricycles. Of the total Bicol region. National dailies and tabloids 6,833 motor vehicles registered in 2007, 4,882 are distributed in the province via Tacloban are motorcycles and tricycles, 1,313 are utility City. Daily tabloids and weeklies of regional vehicles, 45 are buses, 162 are cars, 424 are circulation are also distributed in Naval. There trucks, and seven are trailers. are two local cable TV operators, both of which are based in the provincial capital. The tourism subsector is believed to have a high potential for boosting local economic Further, each of the eight municipalities growth considering that Biliran is endowed has one or two cell sites. A local telephone with plenty of beautiful scenery consisting of exchange, Globelines, provides landline white beaches, water springs, waterfalls, rice Internet service as well as long-distance calls. terraces, caves, and dive sites that can be It had 1,332 subscribers as of the latest count developed into destination options for tourists. in 2009. Public calling offices of the Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company (PLDT), The industry sector is the smallest contributor Smart, and Bayantel also provide basic to the provincial economy because of the very communication services. Each municipality low share coming in from the manufacturing also has a postal office. Additionally, two and construction subsectors and virtually entities provide courier services. 30 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  32. 32. The existing road network in the province Nautical Highway (Eastern Seaboard) Project provides sufficiently easy access from one that links the country’s islands and aims to spur municipality to another and facilitates local development in the countryside. and interprovincial circulation. Existing rural roads consist of 46.547 km of The circumferential road, which is 110.712 municipal roads and 227.254 km of barangay km long, links Naval to the other municipali- roads. Municipal roads are 85.75 percent ties. The 19.730 km Naval–Caibiran cross- concreted. country road links the two municipalities located on opposite sides of the island. It Power supply comes from the Leyte Geother- serves as the shortest route between Naval mal Power Plant in Tongonan, Kananga, and the municipalities of Caibiran and Leyte. It is distributed by the Biliran Electric Culaba. The Maripipi circumferential road Cooperative (BILECO), which maintains a is part of the provincial road; it links the 15 5 MVA substation. BILECO serves the seven barangays in the island. municipalities in the main island while a local multipurpose cooperative supplies and The 250 m Biliran Bridge serves as the vital distributes electricity in the island municipal- link between the province and mainland Leyte. ity of Maripipi under the National Power Corporation-Small Power Utilities Group Biliran has a 1 km air strip that can be used (NPC-SPUG). All barangays in the province by small aircraft. are already energized. All municipalities have seaports. However, The Naval Water District supplies water in some serve only as small-scale fish landing the capital town. Other municipalities have ports while others are nonoperational. Only piped water systems provided by their respec- the Naval Port is considered the major port tive LGUs. in the province. It serves as the gateway or the provincial port of entry for tourism, trade, As for irrigation, the National Irrigation and commerce. Administration (NIA) for Region VIII reported that in 2008, it assisted 22 communal irrigation The municipalities of Naval and Maripipi systems (CIS) in the province with a total area have roll-on/roll-off seaports that were of 3,365 ha and served 16 irrigators’ associa- constructed as part of the Strong Republic tions with a total of 1,138 farmer-members. 31 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  33. 33. In addition, other government agencies The provincial government of Biliran consists (OGAs) had assisted seven CIS with a total of 17 regular departments/offices, (including service area of 563 ha while the private sector the Office of the Governor and the Office contributed by serving four CIS with a total of the Vice Governor/Sangguniang Panlala- service area of 280 ha. wigan) and a provincial hospital. In December 2009, there were 873 provincial government Local Institutional Capability officials and employees. Of this number, 13 were elective officials, 354 were permanent Biliran is only a fourth-class province based employees, and 506 were casual or contrac- on the income classification set by the Depart- tual/job order employees. ment of Finance (DoF). As such, it has to use its resources wisely and prudently so that the To achieve local development goals, the outcomes of the projects and services that provincial officials and employees work in it has implemented would redound to the cooperation with the national government greater good of the constituents. agencies based in the province or their regional offices, the component municipal For the calendar year 2008, P224,846,219.30 governments, the NGOs and people’s was appropriated for the annual budget of organizations, and the private sector. In the province. This amount was higher by addition to the local special bodies and 9.17 percent than the 2007 annual budget government-assisted groups that have been of PhP205,963,671.64, and 18.76 percent organized, NGOs like the Rural Development higher than the PhP189,326.145.31 budget Institute (RDI-Leyte); Biliran Parents Associa- for 2006. The province also allocated tion for Development, Inc.; Convergence PhP40,559,948.20 for its 20 percent Devel- of Marginal Folks/Pagtinabangay Founda- opment Fund in 2008, which is used for tion, Inc.; Women’s Organization for Rural projects and activities identified in the Development-Kalipunan ng Liping Pilipina Annual Investment Program (AIP), and (WORD-KALIPI) Provincial Federation; and passed nine supplemental budgets amount- the Biliran Provincial Union of Cooperatives, ing to P87,936,423.86. The supplemental among others, extend development assistance budgets were intended mostly for social to local communities and help in the attain- services and infrastructure development. ment of societal goals. 32 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  34. 34. PART 2: Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger Target 1A: Halve between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose The total population was 144,238, of which income is less than one dollar a day. males constituted 50.9 percent (73,397) and females, 49.1 percent (70,841). The annual A. STATUS AND TRENDS per capita threshold was placed at P12,966 for urban and P12,137 for rural. Of the total The 2006 CBMS survey revealed that the number of households, 19,941 (65.0%) were province had 30,763 households with an living below the poverty line. There were average size of 5 (4.7) persons per household. 101,667 Biliranons who were poor. Also at the 33 33 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  35. 35. time of the survey, the proportion of population shortage, representing 12.1 percent of the living below the poverty line was 70.4 percent. total number of households. The magnitude The province had a poverty gap ratio of 0.4. of population that experienced food shortage was 19,250. There were more males (9,955) The food threshold of the province was than females (9,295) who experienced food placed at P8,948 for urban and P8,786 for shortage. rural. There were 16,217 households living below the food threshold. Rural areas On the other hand, there were a total of accounted for 82.0 percent while urban areas 1,131 children under five years old (564 boys accounted for 18.0 percent of the total number and 567 girls) who were underweight. The of households. The proportion of households prevalence of underweight children under five living within the food threshold was 52.9 years old was almost equal for boys and girls percent. The magnitude of population living at 6.6 and 6.9, respectively. within the food threshold was 84,848 (53.4%). Proportion of Households/Population The magnitude of the population who were Below Poverty Threshold employed was 39,730. There were more employed males (28,877), which represented Poverty threshold, as defined by NSCB, is a proportion of 82.4 percent. The employed the minimum income/expenditure required for females numbered 10,853, representing a a family/individual to meet the basic food and proportion of 62.4 percent. The employment nonfood requirements. rate of the province in 2006 was 75.8 percent. Among the eight municipalities of Biliran, The survey further revealed that there were the municipality of Kawayan had the highest 3,706 households that experienced food proportion of households (82.0%) and 34 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  36. 36. population (85.6%) living below the poverty Figure 4 threshold. In numbers, it accounted for 3,219 households and 15,505 individuals. This was followed by the municipality of Culaba with 1,798 households (76.3%) and a population of 9,210. The municipality of Naval had the lowest proportion of households and popula- tion with 55.4 percent and 62.3 percent, respectively. Four municipalities registered a propor- tion of households and population higher than the provincial average of 65.0 percent (households) and 70.4 percent (population). These were Kawayan, Culaba, Maripipi, and Caibiran. In terms of the number of households below the poverty threshold, Naval contributed the highest number with 4,945 households, repre- senting 24.8 percent of the total number of households in the province. This was followed by Kawayan with 3,219 households (16.1%) and Caibiran with 2,713 households (13.6%). individual in the rural area should earn an average of P1,085 monthly or at least P36.16 The poverty threshold for the province was a day and for an individual in an urban area, placed at P12,966 per annum for urban and an average of P1,011.42 monthly or P33.71 a P12,137 for rural. Relative to this amount, an day to satisfy food and nonfood requirements. 35 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Biliran
  37. 37. Proportion of Population/Household within the Food Threshold The NSCB defines food threshold as the food threshold at 79.0 percent as shown minimum income/expenditure required for a in the table below. This is followed by the family/individual to meet the basic food needs municipality of Culaba (70.7%) and then by that satisfies the nutritional requirements for Maripipi (69.7%). The municipalities of Almeria economically necessary and socially desirable and Naval posted a proportion of less than physical activities. 50 percent at 48.5 percent and 48.6 percent, respectively. Kawayan topped the list of municipalities whose populations were living within the Poverty Gap Ratio Figure 5 The poverty gap ratio indicates the average distance of the poor population from the poverty line. The municipalities of Culaba and Kawayan got the highest ratio of 0.5 followed by the municipalities of Biliran, Caibiran, and Maripipi with 0.4. The municipalities of Almeria and Naval both got a ratio of 0.3. Two municipalities had a poverty gap ratio higher than the provincial average of 0.4. The figure explains that the higher the poverty gap ratio, the farther is the distance of the poor from the poverty threshold, which means the greater is the severity of poverty. 36 Province of Biliran Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data

×