MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
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MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur Document Transcript

  • Province of AGUSAN DEL SUR 1 Philippines Fourth Progress Report on the Millennium Development Goals using CBMS Data - Province of Province of Marinduque
  • Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • Foreword The Millennium Development Goal (MDG) Report of the Agusan del Sur province was made possible through the partnership with the PEP-Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) Network Coordinating Team, and with United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). This was conceptualized because of the initiative of the Philippine government to localize the MDG using the CBMS data. There are at least two reasons why the UNDP supported this project. The first reason is that while the progress of the country’s MDG is systematically measured, monitored, and reported at the national level, there is none being done at the local level. Another is to fill the gap in data at the regional level. According to Ms. Corazon Urquico of UNDP, there are disparities in terms of socio-economic situation existing among provinces, municipali- ties, and even down to barangays and CBMS data can highlight these differences and use the information as basis for actions and policies of local governments. Because it is the local government that is at the forefront of policy or program execution, it is crucial for it to identify the many faces of poverty at the local level. The province of Agusan del Sur is one of the nine pilot provinces of this technical col- laboration. One of the criteria in choosing the pilot provinces was that the province had conducted at least one round of the CBMS survey. This technical collaboration aims to enable these provinces to systematically measure, monitor, and report status toward the attainment of the MDGs. 3 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • Acknowledgments “Whatever the mind of man can conceive and believe, it can achieve.” — Napoleon Hill This Millennium Development Goal (MDG) Report of the province is a product of the great minds of those who were involved in this technical collaboration. This provides a picture of the province’s poverty situation and the challenges that have to be addressed in the attainment of MDG goals. This is not a mere report; in fact, what matters most is what it can contribute to the development of our province and of our country as a whole. This achievement was made through the efforts of the Provincial MDG Team and its supportive partners. This shows that the Provincial Government of Agusan del Sur can work best with the partnership of other agencies and funding donors. Thus, this achievement is not ours alone, but also theirs. With this, we would like to express our heartfelt thanks to the following: To our provincial governor, Hon. Maria Valentina G. Plaza, who supported this project on the formulation of the Provincial MDG Report; To Dr. Celia Reyes, PEP Co-Director and CBMS Network Leader, together with her staff who continuously shared their time, skills, and knowledge from the beginning of the project to the end. Thank you, team, for being our mentors and partners from the start of CBMS implementa- tion in the province up until now; To Ms. Corazon Urquico, Team Leader of Poverty Reduction and Support for the MDGs of the United Nations Development Programme-Philippines; To NEDA, which also supported this project by providing inputs in the report; To our chief of office, Engr. Deanna P. Fudalan, whose insights made this report better; To everybody who had helped in the formulation of this report: every little thing you did meant a lot to us. MDG Team-Edna, Nep and Ofel 4 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Message The preparation of provincial MDGs reports is a critical step that Local Government Units (LGUs) have taken in the overall effort to localize the MDGs. As it is often said, the MDGs will be ‘won or lost’ at the local level given the conditions of uneven progress and disparities across regions and provinces in the country. Beyond the national averages, one can see wide disparities on the gains in poverty reduction, universal education, child mortality and maternal health. This situation reinforces the notion that the progress of each province is just as important as the achievements of the country as a whole. After all, the Philippines’ progress towards the MDGs, is the sum of the efforts and gains of all LGUs. By preparing provincial reports, LGUs are provided vital information on the status of the MDGs in their areas of influence. These reports are important sources of information for planning, resource allocation and priority setting that LGUs are tasked under their mandate of effective local governance. Likewise, in the course of the preparation of the reports, the capacity of LGUs to collect, monitor and use data for decision making has been greatly enhanced. The reports also show how far the Community Based Monitoring System (CBMS) that UNDP has supported can go in terms of its use. Against the backdrop of renewed optimism emanating from the new political leadership, this first set of nine Provincial Reports on the MDGs is a timely and important milestone. The reports provide crucial insights on how to overcome the constraints in achieving the MDGs locally as the country gears towards the last stretch to attain the eight goals by 2015. They also emphasize the important role of active collaboration of political leaders, stakeholders, and donors in achieving the MDGs. I wish to commend the nine Provincial Governments that prepared their reports – the Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Biliran, Camarines Norte, Eastern Samar, Marinduque, Romblon, Sarangani, and Siquijor Province – the Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) Network and the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) for working together in bringing about this important accomplishment. With this initiative, it is hoped that other provinces will follow suit to attain nationwide support for the need to accelerate the pace of the achievement of the MDGs by 2015. D J Dr. Jacqueline B d k li Badcock UN Resident Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative 5 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • Message Republic of the Philippines PROVINCE OF AGUSAN DEL SUR OFFICE OF THE GOVERNOR The Provincial Government of Agusan del Sur (PGAS) continu- ously aims to reduce its poverty incidence. I believe that we can do so by identifying the many faces of poverty and improving the aspects of planning, program intervention, project implementation, and most of all, the assessment of the impact of all interventions. I know that poverty reduction will be made more possible through the collaboration of PGAS with its partner agencies and donors. I am very grateful, in fact, to our partners such as the PEP-CBMS Network Coordinating Team and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) for choosing our province tto be part of this technical collaboration on the preparation of status reports on the Millennium Develoment Goals (MDGs). The PGAS is also proud to present the provincial Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals using CBMS Data. This report can serve as a tool to systematically measure MDG indicators and present a provincial situationer which is the first big step toward the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It is my sincerest hope that this report will be used as a guide on how to link the province’s plans and programs to the national poverty reduction strategy. Let this report serve as an eye opener to everybody. In the words of Zig Ziglar: “When we can identify a problem and face the problem with confidence and enthusiasm, the solution is on the way.” MARIA VALENTINA G. PLAZA Provincial Governor 6 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Table of Contents Foreword ......................................................................................................... 3 Acknowledgments ............................................................................................. 4 Messages UN Resident Coordinator Dr. Jacqueline Badcock .......................... 5 Governor Maria Valentina G. Plaza.................................................. 6 Table of Contents .............................................................................................. 7 List of Acronyms ............................................................................................... 9 List of Tables .................................................................................................... 11 List of Figures .................................................................................................. 13 Executive Summary .................................................................................... 14 Part I. Provincial Profile 1. History ................................................................................................. 18 2. Geo-Physical Environment ................................................................... 21 3. Population & Social Environment .......................................................... 21 4. Local Economy .................................................................................... 23 5. Infrastructure/Utilities/Facilities ............................................................. 24 6. Local Institutional Capability ................................................................. 25 Part II. Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 1. Goal 1 - Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger ............................................... 26 2. Goal 2 - Achieve Universal Primary Education .................................................. 39 3. Goal 3 - Promote Gender Equality ................................................................. 48 4. Goal 4 - Reduce a Child Mortality .................................................................. 54 7 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • Message 5. Goal 5 - Improve Maternal Health ................................................................. 59 6. Goal 6 - Combat HIV / AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases .................................. 62 7. Goal 7 - Ensure Environmental Sustainability ................................................... 67 8. Goal 8 - Development a Global Partnership for Development ............................ 76 Part III. Meeting the 2015 Challenge 1. Priority Programs and Policy Responses ................................................ 81 2. Financing the MDG ............................................................................. 86 3. Monitoring the MDG ........................................................................... 87 4. Conclusion and Recommendation ........................................................ 87 Explanatory Text ........................................................................................ 88 8 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • List of Acronyms AEGP Agricultural Enhancement for Growth and Productivity APL Adaptable Loan Program ASELCO Agusan del Sur Electric Cooperative BAKAS Baka Alang sa Kalamboan sa Agusan del Sur BUGAS Boosted Utilization of Grains in Agusan del Sur CBMS Community-Based Monitoring System CBR Crude Birth Rate CDP Convergence Development Program CFAD Community Fund for Agricultural Development DFS Diversified Farming System ECCD Early Childhood Care and Development FMIS Financial Management Information System HDI Human Development Index HHs Households IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development IPs Indigenous Peoples IRS International Reference Standard ISDA Integrated Sustainable Development of Aquaculture MDGs Millennium Development Goals MINSAD Mindanao Settlement Sustainable Area Development MRDP Mindanao Rural Development Program NABCOR National Agribusiness Corporation NEDA National Economic and Development Authority NMCIREMP Northern Mindanao Initiatives and Resource Management Project NSCB National Statistical Coordination Board PACAP Philippines-Australia Community Assistance Program PAHRDF Philippines-Australia Human Resource Development Facility PEP Poverty and Economic Policy PGAS Provincial Government of Agusan del Sur 9 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • List of Acronyms PLAKAT Pinagbuklod Lakas ng Kababaihan ng Trento PMIS Personnel Management Information System PRUTAS Program on Utilization of Trees in Agusan del Sur RPTIS Real Property Tax Information System SEDIS Socio-Economic Development Information System SELAP Support to Emergency Livelihood Assistance Program SIOPAO Systems Information of Provincial Agriculture Office TINA Tubig Imnonon Natong Agusanon TRANSC Transmission Company UNDP United Nation Development Programme 4Ps Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program 10 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • List of Tables 1 Summary of Findings of MDG Indicators, Province of Agusan del Sur, 2005 2 Proportion and Magnitude of Households/Population Living Below Poverty Threshold, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 3 Proportion and Magnitude of Households/Population Living Below Food Threshold, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 4 Poverty Gap Ratio, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 5 Employment Rate, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 6 Proportion and Magnitude of Households/Population who Experienced Food Shortage, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 7 Prevalence of Underweight Children Under-Five Years of Age, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 8 Proportion and Magnitude of Children Aged 6-12 Years Old Enrolled in Elementary Education, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 9 Proportion and Magnitude of Children Aged 13-16 Years Old Enrolled in High School, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 10 Number of Government Secondary Schools, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur 11 Proportion and Magnitude of Children Aged 6-16 Years Old Enrolled in School, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 12 Literacy Rate, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 13 Ratio of Girls to Boys in Primary Education, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 14 Ratio of Girls to Boys in Secondary Education, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 15 Ratio of Girls to Boys in Tertiary Education, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 16 Ratio of Literate Females to Literate Males Aged 15-24 Years Old, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 17 Proportion and Magnitude of Seats Held by Women in Municipality and Province, Agusan Del Sur 18 Proportion and Magnitude of Children Aged 0 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 19 Proportion and Magnitude of Infants who Died, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 20 Proportion and Magnitude of Children Aged 1 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 21 Proportion and Magnitude of Women Deaths Due to Pregnancy-Related Causes, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 22 Contraceptive Prevalance Rate Among Couples, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 23 Proportion and Magnitude of Couples Using Condom Among those who are Practicing Contraception, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 11 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • List of Tables 24 Death Rates Associated with Malaria, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 25 Prevalence and Death Rates Associated with Tuberculosis, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 26 Proportion and Magnitude of Households/Population with Access to Safe Water, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 27 Proportion and Magnitude of Households/Population with Access to Sanitary Toilet Facility, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 28 Proportion and Magnitude of Households/Population who are Informal Settlers, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur. 2005 29 Proportion and Magnitude of Households/Population Living in Makeshift Housing, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 30 Proportion and Magnitude of Households/Population Living in Inadequate Living Conditions, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 31 Number of Botika ng Barangays, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur 32 Proportion and Magnitude of Households with Landlines/Telephone Lines, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 33 Proportion and Magnitude of Households with Cell Phones, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 34 Proportion and Magnitude of Households with Computers, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 35 Economic Development Programs and Projects, Cost per Year (in Millions) 36 Social Development (Education) Programs and Projects, Cost per Year (in Millions) 37 Social Development (Health) Programs and Projects, Cost per Year (in Millions) 38 Social Development (Housing and Resettlement) Programs and Projects, Cost per Year (in Millions) 39 Social Development (Social Welfare) Programs and Projects, Cost per Year (in Millions) 40 Environmental Management Programs and Projects, Cost per Year (in Millions) 41 Infrastructure Development Programs and Projects, Cost per Year (in Millions) 42 Investment Summary 43 The CBMS-MDG Indicators and their Definition 44 Poverty and Food Thresholds 12 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • List of Figures 1 Location of the Province of Agusan del Sur 2 Map of Agusan del Sur 3 Agusan del Sur Growth Diamond 4 Proportion of Population Below Poverty Threshold, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 5 Proportion of Population Below Food Threshold, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 6 Poverty Gap, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 7 Employment Rate, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 8 Proportion of Population who Experienced Food Shortage, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 9 Prevalence of Underweight Children Under-Five Years of Age, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 10 Proportion of Children Aged 6-12 Years Old Enrolled in Elementary Education, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 11 Proportion of Children Aged 13-16 Years Old Enrolled in High School, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 12 Proportion of Children Aged 6-16 Years Old Enrolled in School, by Municipality, Agusan Del Sur, 2005 13 Literacy Rate of 15-24 Year-Olds, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 14 Ratio of Girls to Boys in Primary Education, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 15 Ratio of Girls to Boys in Secondary Education, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 16 Ratio of Girls to Boys in Tertiary Education, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 17 Literacy Rate of 15-24 Year Olds, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 18 Proportion of Children Aged 0 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died, Agusan del Sur, 2005 19 Proportion of Infants who Died, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 20 Proportion of Children Aged 1 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 21 Proportion of Women Death Due to Pregnancy-Related Causes, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 22 Contraceptive Prevalence Rate, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 23 Proportion of Couples Using Condom Among those who are Practicing Contraception, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 24 Number of Deaths Associated with Malaria, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 25 Prevalence and Death Rates Associated with Tuberculosis, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 26 Proportion of Population with Access to Safe Drinking Water, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 27 Proportion of Population with Access to Sanitary Toilet Facility, by Municipality, Agusan Del Sur, 2005 28 Proportion of Population who are Informal Settlers, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 29 Proportion of Households Living in Makeshift Housing, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 30 Proportion of Population Living in Inadequate Living Conditions, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 31 Proportion of Households with Landlines/Telephone Lines, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 32 Proportion of Households with Cell Phones, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 33 Proportion of Households with Computers, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 34 CBMS Coverage in the Philippines (as of May 12, 2010) 13 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Agusan del Sur MDG Report used target of 100 percent. the 2005 data of the Community-Based • The ratio of girls to boys in secondary and Monitoring System (CBMS). This report tertiary education is 1.1, which is aligned with tracked the provincial government’s perfor- the 2015 national target. mance in the past years and the challenges • Proportion of children aged 0 to less than the political leaders, decisionmakers, and 5 who died was 0.8 (or 574 out of 73,078 development partners would be facing, and children), which is much lower than the the identified solutions to uplift the lives of the national target of 26.7 for 2015. poor majority. • Proportion of infants who died was only 1.9 percent (or 263 out of 13,786 infants. Agusan del Sur had had some good • Proportion of women deaths due to developments or gains (Table 1), but it also pregnancy-related causes was only 0.3 had some weaknesses that need to be percent, much lower than the 2015 national addressed by political leaders, program and target of 52.3 percent. project implementers, and various stakehold- • No death associated with malaria was ers. All should move toward a unified action reported. to achieve the MDG targets by 2015. • Proportion of land area covered by forests is 68.45 percent. This is the reason why the Good news province has never experienced a long dry • Proportion of underweight children under season. five years of age was 5.8 percent, which is • Proportion of households/population living much lower than the 2015 national target of as informal settlers was only 7.2 percent. 17.3 percent. • Literacy rates among population aged „Not So Good‰ News 15-24, or youths, was 97.0 percent, which is • Employment rate is high at 87.10 percent, but lower by only 3 percent than the 2015 national this is far from being good news because majority 14 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Table 1. Summary of Findings of MDG Indicators, Province of Agusan del Sur, 2005 15 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • Table 1. (Continued) 16 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • of the employed labor force were engaged in Posing Great Challenge agriculture, where employment is seasonal in nature; that is, jobs are only available during • Agusan del Sur is one of the poorest planting and harvesting seasons. provinces in the country with 69.6 percent of • Death rates associated with tuberculosis its total population below poverty threshold, was 6.9 percent. and 54.6 percent below the food threshold. • Proportion of children aged 6-12 enrolled Although Agusan del Sur is an agricultural in elementary was 73.8 percent, which is province, a high percentage of the popula- considerably lower than the 2015 national tion lies below the food threshold because target of 100 percent. bananas, camote and other root crops are • Cohort survival rate in elementary was not considered as food substitutes for rice and 54.32 percent, which is way below the national corn. The challenge now to political leaders is target of 100 percent for 2015. how to get their legislative and administra- • Proportion of elective seats held by women tive actions to focus more on the agriculture in municipalities and province was 20.2 sector so as to increase food production. percent---far lower than the national target The provision of irrigation systems and other of 50 percent by 2015. farming facilities, including inputs, must be • Proportion of births attended by skilled given top priority. health personnel was 54.69 percent, which • Cohort survival rate was only 54.32 is far lower than the national target of 100 percent, which is far below the national percent by 2015. target of 100 percent by 2015. Children • Proportion of households and population living in the farms stop schooling to help with access to safe drinking water were 66.4 their parents. Girls will take good care of percent and 66.2 percent, respectively, both their younger siblings, while boys help in of which are lower than the national target of the farms. 86.5 percent by 2015. • The proportion of children aged 13-16 • Proportion of households/population with years old enrolled in high school was only 50 access to sanitary toilet facilities were 78.2 percent. This low percentage poses another percent and 78.6 percent, respectively. challenge to the leaders and development • Proportion of households with telephones partners. Although tuition fee is free in public was 2.4 percent while those with cellular high schools, poor families have to still phones comprised 20.3 percent. shoulder other schooling-related expenses. 17 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • Part 1. Provincial Profile 1. History become the second provincial governor. She was again re-elected in the next 1980 local 1.1. Political History election and would have continued her term until February 1986 had Marcos regime not The province of Agusan del Sur was born ended abruptly. The departure of Marcos on June 17, 1967 through Republic Act No. catapulted President Corazon C. Aquino 4979, which divides the province of Agusan as the new president of the Republic of the into Agusan del Norte and Agusan del Sur. In Philippines. During this time, Atty. Ceferino January 1970, the first set of provincial officials S. Paredes, Jr. was designated as the OIC assumed office. The same law provided that provincial governor of Agusan del Sur on the capital of Agusan del Sur shall be the March 3, 1986. municipality of Prosperidad, while the govern- ment center was set up in Barangay Patin-ay. In the first congressional election under the Aquino Administration, Congressman Hon. Rufino C. Otero was elected as the D.O. Plaza was re-elected as the province’s first provincial governor while Hon. Democrito representative to Congress, while OIC O. Plaza became the first Congressman in Governor Paredes was elected on January the November 1969 election. Congressman 18, 1988 as the province’s governor. Democrito Plaza would have continued his term until December 1973 had it not been On May 11, 1992, then-Governor Ceferino cut short after Martial Law was declared S. Paredes, Jr. became the province’s on September 21, 1972. When the Interim Representative to Congress while D. O. Plaza Batasang Pambansa re-convened in 1978, won as the provincial governor. They were Hon. Edilmiro Amante represented the again re-elected on May 9, 1995. province. When Governor D. O. Plaza died on In the local level, Governor Valentina G. September 2, 1995, Vice-Governor Alex G. Plaza, wife of former Congressman D.O. Bascug, M.D. succeeded as the governor of Plaza, won the governorship race in 1971 to the province. When Governor Bascug resigned 18 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Figure 1. Location of the Province of Agusan del Sur Figure 2. Map of Agusan del Sur from his post after filing his candidacy as Representative to Congress, Virginia M. Getes, the number one-elected Sangguniang Panlalawigan member, assumed the vacated post. O n M a y 11 , 19 9 8 , G ove r n o r Bascug was elected as the province’s Representative to Congress while Former Governor Valentina G. Plaza and Hon. Virginia M. Getes were re-elected In the May 2007 election, Congressman as governor and vice governor, respectively. Rodolfo Rodrigo G. Plaza again was re-elected. This would be his last term. Hon. On May 14, 2001, Congressman Rodolfo Maria Valentina G. Plaza, the younger sister Rodrigo G. Plaza won as the province’s of Former Governor Adolph Edward G. Representative to Congress. Former Valentina Plaza, was elected as governor, and former G. Plaza did not seek re-election in favor of Sangguniang Panlalawigan Member Hon. her son Adolph Edward G. Plaza, who had a Santiago B. Cane, Jr. ran as vice governor landslide victory over his opponents. Virginia without an opponent. M. Getes was re-elected as vice governor. 1.2. Historical Background Three years later, on May 11, 2004, Congressman Rodolfo Rodrigo G. Plaza, Agusan literally means “where the water Governor Edward G. Plaza, andVice Governor flows” after that great river that splits the land , Virginia M. Getes were re-elected through a from south to north in a 250 kilometer rush to landslide victory. the Butuan sea. 19 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • Agusan’s pre-hispanic cultural history is traced back to the great influence of the Majapahit Empire through the discovery of an eight-inch tall image of a woman in pure gold at Maasam, Esperanza in the early 1920s and molten jars unearthed at Bahbah, Prosperidad in the early 1960s. The aborigines of Agusan were the ancestors of the present- day Mamanwas who were driven to the hinterlands by the waves of Malay immigrants from nearby Borneo, Celebes and Malaysia. These people, in turn, sought the protection of the interior jungles because of the forays and the constant raids of “Moro” pirates. The “Moros,” being a sea-faring people, confined 20 themselves to the coastal areas where they Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • started settlements, leaving the forested areas has a total land area of 8,965.50 square to other native tribes. kilometers and is considered as the fourth largest province in the country. It comprises Th e co m i n g o f t h e S p a n i a rd s wa s 47.6 percent of the total land area of the around the same time as the visit of Rajah Caraga Region. The province is situated below Siagu, the ruler of Agusan, to his friend the typhoon belt. It has a Type II climate, where Rajah Humabon of Bohol. Together, they there is no dry season but maximum rain visited the ruling rajah of an island called period. Locally, theirs is affectionately called Limasawa where a fleet of Spanish galleons the “wet and very wet” season. commanded by a Portuguese navigator named “Feranao Magalhao” (Fernando 3. Population and Social Magallanes in Spanish) has just dropped Environment anchor. Expressing fervent hospitality characteristic of the Filipino natives, Rajah 3.1. Demography Siagu invited Magalhao to visit his place. On Easter Sunday, April 8, 1521, the first Based on the 2007 Census, the province mass in Agusan - and for that matter, in the has a total population of 609,447, which is the Philippines - was celebrated in what is now highest among the provinces in CARAGA. The called Magallanes (formerly Masao). population is projected to reach 691,211 in 2017. It has a growth rate of 1.19 percent and Agusan took up arms against Spain during a population density of 68 persons per square the revolution of 1898. After the signing of kilometer. The urban population comprises 27 the Treaty of Paris on December 10, 1898, the percent of the total, while rural population is 73 Americans took over the civil government. percent. The population of indigenous people Under the Americans, the dream of indepen- is 33 percent of the total population based on dence and self-government continued the 2005 CBMS data. Children comprise half to haunt the Filipinos, and Agusan was of the total population. again actively campaigning to drive away the conquerors---this time, against 3.2. Social Americans. Bolos and spears were no match to the Americans’ powerful guns Th e C r u d e B i r t h Ra te ( C B R ) o f t h e and in January 1900, Agusan yielded. The province has been fluctuating from 2003 peaceful road toward self-government to 2007. The CBR in 2007 is 21.9 percent fo l l owe d , c u t s h o r t by t h e Ja p a n e s e per 1,000 population. The incidence of occupation in December 1941. Liberation death in the province is not alarming. The came in 1946. Crude Death Rate in 2007 is only 1.84 percent. The Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) 2. Geo-Physical Environment per 1,000 live births is only 4.2 percent and has decreased in the past five years. The province is located in North Eastern While the under-five Mortality Rate per Mindanao. It is a landlocked area with an 1,000 children aged 0-4 years old is only elongated basin formation, and with mountain 1.14 percent, the Maternal Mortality Rate ranges in the eastern and western sides. It is 0.89 percent and has also dropped 21 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • in the past five years because of the The education indicators of the province maternal care and services provided. show an increasing trend during the two Th e h e a l t h p ro g ra m o n fe e d i n g o f school years 2004-2005 and 2006-2007. malnourished children has greatly contrib- For SY 2006-2007, note the 33 percent uted to lowering the incidence of malnutri- enrolment under the Early Childhood Care tion in the province. The 2007 prevalence and Development Program for aged 3-5 years rate of malnutrition among children aged old children. The participation rate in elemen- 0-5 years old in the province dipped to tary is 74.95 percent; that in the secondary 16.46 percent from 24.44 percent in 2003. school is 44.14 percent. The achievement rate Another health program of the province is in the elementary level is 69.49 percent while the immunization activity, which hit 91.25 it is 55.93 percent in the secondary schools. percent immunized children in 2007. The drop-out rate has been decreasing at both the elementary and secondary levels, bringing Programs such as providing access to safe about a positive impact to the province. The drinking water and access to sanitary toilet drop-out rate in the elementary and secondary facility also helped improve the health condition schools for SY 2006-2007 is 5.93 percent and of the populace. The number of households 17.57 percent, respectively. served with potable water rose from 73 percent in 2005 to 77 percent in 2007. However, there Agusan’s social infrastructure support are still municipalities with less access to potable includes five public hospitals, two private water such as Loreto, La Paz, and Veruela. On hospitals, 14 rural health units, 132 barangay the other hand, there is a remarkable improve- health stations, 203 day care centers; 3,092 ment in the access to sanitary toilet (from 72.53% classrooms in elementary schools and 1,736 in 2004 to 76% in 2007). rooms in secondary schools. 22 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Figure 3. Agusan del Sur Growth Diamond The Human Development Index (HDI) of the province has also improved. In 2003, the HDI stood at only 0.494, making the province hit the 69th rank among the provinces in the country. In 2006, the HDI has increased to 0.556, bringing the province to the 57th rank. Based on NSCB data, the poverty incidence in 2006 is 48.7 and the poverty threshold is P14,544. There is a disparity in the data at the regional level because, as cited by Ms. Corazon T. Urquico of UNDP, there are stark inequalities between provinces in a region, municipalities in a province, and barangays in a municipality in terms of poverty incidence. As 2005 CBMS data show, the highest incidence of poverty in the province is in river towns such as San Luis, Loreto, and La Paz. These municipalities also show low school participation of children 6-16 years old. Only about 74.95 percent of respectively. The municipality of Trento tops the the proportion of children aged 6-12 years old list as producer of rice in the province. Other are enrolled in elementary schools, while only common crops produced in the province are 44.14 percent are in secondary schools. Some coconut, oil palm, and banana, while the factors that contribute to these are the poor major forest products are falcata, mahogany, road conditions and less access to schools gmelina, rattan, and agsam. The province is especially for those who live in far-flung also rich in mineral resources such as gold, barangays (villages). silver, and copper. 4. Local Economy For a more focused economic develop- ment, the provincial government identi- Because agricultural land comprises 46 fied the growth centers. These identi- percent of the province’s total land area, the fied growth centers or municipalities, people’s major economic activity is farming. when connected, will form a diamond Agricultural land with a 0-18 percent slope is (Figure 3), which is called the “growth suitable for inland fish, crops, and livestock. diamond” Recently, these growth centers . About 21 percent of the land has a slope of have also been called the Convergence 19-30 percent and is therefore suitable for Development Area (CDA), wherein each agroforestry. CDA is composed of municipalities and has its own functional roles. Based on the 2005 CBMS, 63 percent of households are engaged in crop farming The four growth centers are Bayugan, San and gardening. Rice and corn are the major Francisco, Trento, and Talacogon. They have crops produced. In 2007, they covered a land one corn processing plant; two palm oil area of 29,551 hectares and 27,232 hectares, mills; one banana chip processor; one kaong 23 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • processing center; and nine wood processing growth centers, their households then have plants, rattan semi-processing center, and more opportunities for employment. Other goldsmiths. municipalities, such as San Luis, have a high Bayugan City, the only component city of the employment rate but their poverty incidence province, belongs to CDA 1. It assumes the role of is likewise high. processing zone and is the major producer of rice, corn, vegetables, coconut, fruits, and flowers. San Tourism activities in the province include Francisco is considered the primary commercial bird watching; boating and lake hopping in center and service of the province and belongs Agusan Marsh; river cruising in Gibong River; to CDA 2. On the other hand,Trento would serve mountain trekking at Mt. Diwata; spelunking as the food production zone and the commercial, in Puting Buhangin and waterfalls; discovering industrial, and service center, and belongs to the cultural heritage of the Higaonon Tribe in CDA 3. Talacogon, which is under CDA 4, has Esperanza; and organic farming in Esperanza managed to become the wood processing center and Trento. The province also has tourism of the province. potentials in such activities as kayaking in the Agusan Marsh; canopy walking at Mt. The province has an employment rate of Diwata; and spelunking in Lucac Caves. 85.5 percent, according to the 2005 CBMS study. Veruela and San Luis have the highest The province’s financing institutions include employment rate among the municipalities two government banks, two commercial at 92 percent, followed by Talacogon at banks, and 33 rural banks. Rural banks serve 90 percent, and Bayugan at 89 percent. as lending institutions to the poor farmers in Because both Talacogon and Bayugan are the province. 24 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Technology is the main thrust of the present 5. Infrastructure/Utilities/Facilities administration under the leadership of Honorable Governor Maria Valentina G. The province has 188 units of bridges in Plaza. In fact, the province has an ICT different barangays and municipalities. It scholar who graduated in Australia under has a total road length of 3,361 kilometers, the Philippine-Australia Human Resource of which 638.320 kilometers are provincial Development Facility (PAHRDF) Program. The roads. There are 12,000 hectares irrigated newly developed system of CBMS is part of out of 48,000 hectares irrigable area. this development plan. The company TRANSCO is the source of electricity of the province, while ASELCO is There are several employees who were in-charge of the power distribution through- trained on database management under the out the province via its three substations in PAHRDF short-term training program. As a Bayugan, San Francisco, and Trento that result, several databases were established transmit a total of 20 MVA. Based on 2007 such as System Information of the Provincial data, 95 percent of the barangays already Agriculture Office (SIOPAO), Socio-Economic receive electricity while 65 percent have Development Information System (SEDIS), and been served with potable water. Environment and Natural Resources Database (ENRDB). PGAS has also maintained several 6. Local Institutional Capacity systems such as Financial Management Information System (FMIS), Real Property Tax Agusan del Sur is a first-class province Information System (RPTIS), and Personnel with a total income of PhP729 million in 2007 Management Information System (PMIS). (Provincial Accounting Office, Agusan Del Sur). It had a total Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA) Another program in partnership with of PhP652 million in 2007. The total number of PAHRDF is the creation of a pool of trainers PGAS employees for the same year was 1,859, who will be responsible for in-house trainings. broken down into 882 permanent staff, 454 It has already conducted several trainings such casual employees, and 523 job orders. as Dare2Serve, Understanding PGAS, and Get Your Message Across. The Provincial Government of Agusan del Sur has eight development agenda: The province had conducted a strategic Peace and Order; Economic Development; planning session in preparation for the Health and Sanitation; Education and Sports re-organization. Likewise, the Sangguniang Development; Social, Cultural and Tourism Panlalawigan members have passed Development; Moral and Spiritual Renewal; Ordinance No. 39-2009, the guideline Ecological and Environment Protection; and pertaining to its re-organization that started Information, and Communication Technology in June 2009. (ICT). Information, and Communication 25 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • Part 2. Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger Target 1.A: Halve between 1990 and The first aim of the MDG is to eradicate 2015, the proportion of people whose extreme poverty and hunger. There are six income is less than one dollar a day. CBMS indicators used as correspondence to MDG indicators of poverty. These are A. Status and Trends proportion of population with income below poverty threshold, poverty gap, proportion of 26 26 Proviince f Agusan Del Sur Province of Agusan Dell Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Table 2. Proportion and Magnitude of Households/Population Living Below Poverty were suffering from poverty. The Threshold, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2006 poverty gap of the province is estimated to be 33.3 percent. This implies that the province has high mean shortfall from the poverty line. In contrast, the employment rate of the province is a high 85.9 percent but poverty is high, too. This is because the people are engaged mostly in agricultural activities that are seasonal in nature. Moreover, most of the populace is working as farm laborer on a per-day basis and earn low income. There are nine municipalities with higher poverty incidence compared to the provincial figure of 69.4 percent. These are San Luis, Loreto, La Paz, Sibagat, Esperanza, Sta. Josefa, Veruela, Talacogon and Rosario. San Luis has the highest incidence of poverty among its population, followed by Loreto and La Paz. These municipalities are classified as river towns with poor road conditions. Economic population who experienced food shortage, activities are dependent on forest and farm employment rate, and prevalence of products, and the populace has less opportu- underweight children less than 5 years of age. nity for employment. Loreto comes in second in terms of poverty incidence because its Proportion of Population Living households’ main source of income is small- Below Poverty Threshold scale farming that is rain fed. Moreover, Loreto has inaccessible farm-to-market roads. Based on the 2005 CBMS data, the province’s poverty incidence is, 69.4 percent The households of La Paz are also engaged of the population or a total of 384,409 people in small-scale farming with limited accessibility. 27 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • Figure 4. Proportion of Population Below Poverty Threshold, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 On the other hand, Figure 4 shows that rural areas always have high poverty incidence than urban areas in all municipalities of the province. La Paz has the highest poverty incidence among the urban areas, followed by Rosario and Esperanza. Among the rural areas, San Luis has the highest poverty incidence, followed by Loreto and Sibagat. Proportion of Households/Population Living Below Food Threshold There remains nine munici- palities with higher proportion of population whose income is below the food threshold when compared to the provincial figure of 54.6 percent. These are San Luis, Loreto, La Paz, Sibagat, Sta. Josefa, Esperanza, Rosario, Figure 5. Proportion of Population Below Food Threshold, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 Talacogon, and Veruela. San Luis registered the highest proportion of population with income below the food threshold. This is followed by Loreto and La Paz. Most households in La Paz have low income, which is not enough to meet their basic needs, especially food. This is because they can hardly market their farm products due to either poor road condition or no existing roads. Consequently, they are forced to sell their products at lower prices because the buyers experi- ence difficulty in transporting their products to urban areas. 28 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Table 4. Poverty Gap Ratio On the other hand, San Francisco has the lowest proportion among the municipalities considering that it is one of the growth centers in the province. Business establishments such as internet café, hotels and groceries, government and private banks are present in the municipality. Poverty Gap Ratio Poverty gap is the mean shortfall of popula- tion from the poverty line, which relates with the poverty incidence. San Luis and Loreto continue to have the highest poverty gap of 0.5. San Francisco ranks the lowest in terms of poverty gap. This implies that the depth of poverty in San Francisco is lesser compared to other municipalities. Source: CBMS Survey 2005 29 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • Figure 6. Poverty Gap by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 What’s more, poverty gap measures the capita amount of resources needed to eliminate or reduce the poor’s shortfall from the poverty line to zero, through perfectly targeted cash transfers. In Table 4, the poverty gap per-capita is reflected by municipality. In terms of income gap per-capita per year (Table 2.), San Luis again ranks the highest at PhP8,616.90. This is followed by Loreto and La Paz with PhP8,155.50 and PhP7,401.80, respectively. The lowest is in San Francisco with PhP5,682.60. As a growth center, the municipality boasts of commercial and industrial establishments. Figure 7. Employment Rate, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 Target 1.B: Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people Employment Rate There are six municipalities with employment rates lower than the provincial figure of 85.5 percent. These are La Paz, Prosperidad, Loreto, Bunawan, Esperanza, and Sta. Josefa. Veruela has the highest employ- ment rate, followed by San Luis and Talacogon. Veruela tops other municipalities in terms of employ- ment rate because 83 percent of the households are engaged in crop farming and gardening. Most of the populace engages 30 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Table 5. Employment Rate, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2006 in seasonal activities such as planting and On the other hand, La Paz has the lowest harvesting of palay. employment rate considering that it has no business establishments and less economic It is ironical that San Luis ranks second activity is done because of poor road in terms of employment rate, but still has condition. The poor households in far-flung the highest poverty incidence among the barangays are difficult to reach. municipalities. It has a high employment rate because 34 percent of the households Proportion of Households/Population are engaged in forestry (it ranks second Who Experienced Food Shortage in forestry among the 14 municipalities). However, poverty remains a main problem There are five municipalities with higher because its people are dependent on forest proportion of population who experienced products (at the time of the conduct of this food shortage compared to the provincial survey, it was harvest time for timber) and figure of 14 percent. These are Veruela, are less engaged in crop farming. Also, the Esperanza, La Paz, Loreto, and Sibagat. poor have less job opportunities due to lack of education. These can be employed as Veruela has the highest proportion of seasonal laborers, but only at a very low population who experience food shortage, rate. Based on the 2005 CBMS study, 83 followed by Esperanza and La Paz. Veruela percent of the total households in Veruela has the highest figure because its residents are engaged in crop farming. Moreover, only consider rice or corn---not root crops such most of the people are working as laborers as sweet potato “camote” and banana---as in the farm, and in forestry. full meals. La Paz experiences food shortage 31 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • Figure 8. Proportion of Households/Population Who Experienced Food Shortage because its populace’s average family size of six members per household is higher than other municipali- ties’ five members. Prevalence of Under- weight Children Under 5 Years of Age Subsistence incidence (or popula- tion living below food threshold) in 2005 was placed at 54.60 percent., Roughly, about 49 out of 32 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • every 100 households in the Figure 9. Prevalence of Underweight Children Under 5 Years of Age province are considered as core poor in 2005. This means that the per capita annual incomes of these households are not sufficient to buy their basic food requirements hence it is not surprising that 14 percent of population experienced food shortage. The prevalence of underweight children under five years old is estimated at 5.8 percent for the province. Moreover, the incidence of underweight children among girls is higher than boys in the province. Although the incidence of malnutrition is low as this is being addressed 33 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • children aged 0-5 years old. This is followed by Trento and San Francisco. La Paz also has the highest number of underweight children based on the Provincial Health Office data in 2006, followed by Loreto and San Luis. The reason for in La Paz’s high prevalence rate of malnutrition is because malnourished children, especially those in far-flung barangays, are not monitored properly. Moreover, the poverty incidence among those in rural areas is high, which greatly contributes to the high prevalence of malnutrition. B. Current Policies and Programs The province has implemented Daing making is the main source of livelihood for the poor households various strategies and programs to uplift the standard of living of the poorest households such as giving by the active barangay nutrition program, basic social services to those household where scholars are given a modest honorar- whose monthly income is PhP3,500 and ium and constantly monitored by the health below; providing livelihood project under the personnel, the province remains steadfast on Diversified Farming System (DFS), a locally- its aim to reduce the number to zero.. funded program for households with a monthly income of PhP3,500 to PhP6,500. The DFS Trainings on backyard gardening, nutrition targets 26,653 households until 2015 and will and nutritious food preparation were conduct- cost a total of PhP1.27 billion.San Luis has the ed in the barangay with assistance from the highest poverty incidence among the munici- Justice, Peace, and Integrity of Creation- palities despite the various programs already Integrated Development Center, Inc. and in in place: The Mindanao Rural Development partnership with the provincial, municipal and Program (MRDP), Convergence Development barangay officials. Program, and Diversified Farming System, to name three. This plight persists because There are six municipalities with higher prevalence the programs were found to not reach the of malnutrition than the provincial figure of 5.8 poorest households in far-flung barangays percent. These are La Paz, Trento, San Francisco, due to the bad road condition. La Paz and Sibagat, Prosperidad, and Loreto. Loreto also have high poverty incidences but these municipalities are not recipients of MRDP Based on the 2005 CBMS data, La Paz has and Convergence Development Programs. the highest prevalence rate of underweight In fact, fewer projects are poured into these 34 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • and corn production with corn sheller in San Nicolas, Talacogon. The Northern Mindanao Community Initiatives and Resources Management Project (NMCIREMP) is another poverty alleviation project with an infrastructure component. The loan assistance is provided by the International Fund for Agricultural Development. The goal of NMCIREMP is to reduce the vulnerability and to enhance food security of agrarian reform beneficiaries, upland farmers, fisher folks, and municipalities although they had just been indigenous people. included in the Diversified Farming System Project. The Support to Emergency for Livelihood Assistance Program (SELAP) under the The province has also implemented the Department of Agriculture is a poverty Philippine-Australia Community Assistance alleviation program with a total cost of PhP13 Program (PACAP) and its PhP78 million million, of which PhP9 million is allocated for budget from 2005 to 2010. The program is livelihood projects and PhP4 million goes to a poverty alleviation project with small infra infrastructure projects. Other Department implemented through nongovernmental of Agriculture -funded programs are the organizations of the Agusan Focus Community Boosted Utilization of Grains in Agusan del Assistance Program (FOCAS). This project is Sur (BUGAS), Program on Utilization of funded by the AUSAID. Trees in Agusan del Sur (PRUTAS), Integrated Sustainable Development of Aquaculture The MRDP is a program funded by the (ISDA), Baka Alang sa Kalamboan sa World Bank. Adaptable Program Loan Agusan del Sur (BAKAS), and Agricultural 1 (APL 1) projects were implemented in Enhancement for Growth and Productivity 2000-2006, and APL 2 were implemented (AEGP). The assistance came in the form of in 2007 up until 2012. It includes infrastruc- seed and fertilizer inputs, which boosted the ture projects and the Community Fund surplus production of clean rice at 87,809 for Agricultural Development (CFAD), metric tons in 2008; packets of farm equipment which provides livelihood projects to such as rice thresher, power tiller with engine. small farmers. One project under the The province provided its counterpart funding MRDP APL 1 that has been sustained is for these projects. the cattle raising program in Cecilia, San Luis. Projects that were sustained under As one of the poorest provinces and conflict APL 2 were the vegetable production with areas, Agusan del Sur is also a recipient of a marketing facility in Awao, Sta. Josefa; KALAHI Projects. As of 2009, a total of 30 corn production with draft animals in projects were implemented and undertaken by Aurora, Sta. Josefa; post-harvest facilities the Engineering Brigade of the Philippine Army with draft animals in Marbon, Talacogon; with a total project cost of PhP61.2 million. 35 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • services such as hospitals, schools, recreation services. Most of all, the project will facilitate the transport of agricultural crops and other economic activities. Another program that contributed to the development of the province is the Mindanao Settlement and Sustainable Area Development (MINSSAD), which has constructed and improved 163.64 kilometers of farm-to-market roads amounting to PhP335 million, installed 396 units of shallow tube wells or STW irriga- tion projects amounting to PhP70.60 million, and constructed the Veruela Jumbo Bridge and eight other bridges located in Prosperidad, Projects include: Rehabilitation of roads and San Francisco, San Luis, and Talacogon in bridges, construction/improvement of water the amount of PhP58.20 million. This program system, construction of day care centers, and has been implemented by the Provincial school buildings, and electrification. These Government of Agusan del Sur under the are all based on the priority needs of the Provincial Engineering Office, together with community. Other related projects are the the Department of Agrarian Reform and KALAHI CIDDS, which is being implemented Department of Public Works and Highways. by the DSWD regional office; and the KALAHI GEM. There is an ongoing concreting of the 14,897 kilometers of NRJ Awa-Los Arcos-Lianga Road The province, in partnership with the (connecting Prosperidad, Agusan del Sur and Department of Agriculture and the National Lianga, Surigao del Sur), which has started Agribusiness Corporation (NABCOR), on March 7, 2009 and costs PhP396.914 established the Corn Post-Harvest Processing million. Another is the completion of the 20 and Trading Center in Pagkain ng Bayan, kilometers of Hawilian-Salug-Sinakungan Mabuhay, Bayugan in 2009 and is expected Road of Esperanza at a total project cost of to process production from 1,000 hectares PhP90 million. per cropping. This will help solve the problem on the very low buying corn price offered by The province has been continuously private traders, and will encourage farmers implementing nutrition programs such as to produce more, thereby increasing their feeding of malnourished children, extensive income, and uplift their living condition. promotion of exclusive breastfeeding up to six months, health and nutrition information On the infrastructure side, the Tulay ng education campaign, growth monitoring and Pangulo Project has helped ease the residents’ development of under five children; referral access paths from the barangay to munici- of malnourished children to Nutri-hut Village, palities and to other provinces and allowed Operation Timbang using the International them to avail these other places’ social Reference Standard (IRS), micronutrient 36 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • supplementation such as iron to pregnant with the assistance from the local government women and vitamin A to 6-71 months units (LGUs). children, deworming of pre-schoolers (1-6 years old), and promotion of iodized The province should also support economic salt. These greatly contributed to lower enterprises to increase employment and job prevalence of underweight children aged opportunities for the people. 0-4 years old in the province. There are 191 health and nutrition posts established by 2. Construction of farm-to-market roads and the community. Parents/caregivers avail the other infra support facilities comprehensive health and nutrition services To further increase economic activities from trained health workers such as the within the municipality as well as the province, barangay heath workers and the barangay Agusan del Sur should prioritize the develop- nutrition scholars. ment of farm-to-market roads, especially in far-flung barangays. Agricultural production C. Challenges / Priorities/Recommendations facilities and capital, including markets, should be provided to boost agricultural production, 1. Identifying the poorest households and including continuous education to farmers. provide basic social services and livelihood opportunities 3. Provision of health and sanitation programs The top three municipalities with high The province should continue to implement poverty incidence should be given intervention feeding programs among malnourished programs such as livelihood projects for poor children to solve the prevalence of underweight households. Moreover, road maintenance and children. development projects should be prioritized in these areas so as to improve access and to On health and sanitation, LGUs should reach the poor households. prioritize the construction of toilet facilities for about 30 percent of total households with no Based on the poverty gap study, the poor access to sanitary toilets. This will help solve populace of San Luis should be given cash the problem on the spread of schistoso- transfers worth a total of P36.4 million, while miasis, which has been affecting low-income Loreto needs P38.0 million; and La Paz, P22.8 communities in Agusan del Sur. million. The Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) should focus on these areas Target 2.A: Ensure that, by 2015, 37 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • The Provincial Government of Agusan del start bearing fruits which will eventually give the Sur (PGAS) has several good practices in terms province a surplus of fruits. of poverty alleviation. For one, the province has adopted the Convergence Development Program Integrated and Sustainable Development of and Diversified Farming System to help uplift Aquaculture (ISDA). This program is for the the conditions of the poorest households. All development of lakes and rivers and backyard programs and projects of the local and national fishponds for freshwater fish growing/raising. The governments are poured in a certain community Provincial Fish Hatchery, which is the only pro- to maximize its socio-economic benefits. This vincial government-operated hatchery in Caraga program includes livelihood projects, farm-to- Region, is the source of fingerling requirements of market roads, water and sanitation, and establish- raisers. Moreover, through SELAP, three munici- ment of botika ng barangay. pal fish hatcheries were established in Esperanza, Trento, and La Paz. From 2007 up to this date, Boosted Utilization of Grains in Agusan del more than 6 million tilapia fingerlings were dis- Sur (BUGAS) is one of the projects under the tributed to 1,534 fisher folk. Of this total, about program on Agricultural Enhancement For 697,000 kilos of tilapia valued at P 34.9 million Growth and Productivity (AEGP). This has were produced. Truly, ISDA has changed the P6 million as hybrid rice seeds subsidy, and has lives of the province’s backyard fishpond and fish sustained the implementation of SELAP. Corn cage operators. seeds are distributed to nine municipalities such as Bayugan, Esperanza, Prosperidad, Trento, On local governance, Agusan del Sur is one of Bunawan, Loreto, Sibagat, Sta. Jo- the most advanced provinces in sefa, and Veruela. Support projects terms of information technology. are also included in BUGAS such A number of systems are already in as seed production, integrated pest t place and functional. This includes management (IPM), pre- and post- the enhanced Community-Based harvest facilities, and small-scale Monitoring Systems (CBMS), the irrigation project. In 2008, PGAS Personnel Management Informa- has allocated P46 million for the tion System (PMIS), Financial pre- and post-harvest facilities so Management Information System as to maintain the surplus of rice in (FMIS), Real Property Tax In- the province. formation System (RPTIS), and other sub-systems. Program on the Utilization of Trees in Agusan del Sur (PRUTAS) is another banner program To properly fit the “right job for a right person”, of PGAS and gained more attention from the the provincial government had undergone a com- farming sector. In 2008 under SELAP, more than plete reorganization in June 2009. This is the first 7,000 seedlings of durian, mangosteen, lanzones ever in the history of the Province of Agusan del and rambutan were given to 49 beneficiaries. Sur, and the result of several strategic planning Three years from now, some of these trees will activities conducted since 2007. 38 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education children everywhere, boys and girls II, Rosario, Bunawan, and Trento I and Trento alike, will be able to complete a full II. While in river towns, the school districts are course of primary schooling. Esperanza I, Esperanza II, San Luis, San Luis II, Talacogon East, Talacogon West, La Paz, A. Status and Trends Loreto North, Loreto South, Sta. Josefa, and Veruela. The province has 26 school districts, of which 15 are located in highway towns and 11 are There are a total of 35 secondary govern- in river towns. The school districts in highway ment schools and 26 locally-funded annex towns are Sibagat I, Sibagat II, Bayugan schools. Special schools such as Science West, Bayugan Central, Bayugan East, High School and Integrated School are also Bayugan North, Prosperidad I, Prosperidad II, present. Prosperidad III, San Francisco I, San Francisco Based on the 2005 CBMS data, the 39 39 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • proportion of 6-12 year-old children enrolled for SY 2007-2008) is greater than the male in elementary is estimated to be 73.2 percent. population (52.83%). Boys are less likely to Elementary school participation rate for males complete elementary schooling because they is lower compared to females. On its second- are usually assigned to assist their parents in ary education, the provincial figure stands at the farms. 50.0 with males having the lower secondary school participation rate compared to females. On the other hand, the secondary cohort- The girls’ population enrolled in elementary survival rate for three school years are: and secondary schools is higher than that of 55.93 percent (SY 2005-2006); 64.56 percent the boys. The province has low participation (SY 2006-2007); and 63.75 percent (SY rates in elementary and secondary schools. 2007-2008). Again, this shows that there is still more female population (58.50 %) than Based on the Department of Education’s male (49.82%) in secondary schools for SY data for SY 2005-2006 and SY 2006-2007, the 2007-2008 suggesting that boys are less likely province has participation rates of only 72.07 to graduate from high school compared to percent and 74.95 percent, respectively. While girls. the secondary schooling participation rates for SY 2005-2006 and SY 2006-2007 are 40.91 In general, the factors that contributed to the percent and 44.14 percent, respectively. Some low cohort survival rate in the elementary and factors that contributed to the low participa- secondary levels in the province are poverty, tion rate are the lack of teaching positions, less access to schools because of poor road lack of schools, and most of all, no access conditions, and parents’ lack of motivation to schools especially among children living to send their children to school. On the other in far-flung barangays. Another possible hand, the province has a very high literacy rate reason for the low participation in both levels (97.77%) among those ages 15-24 years old is that there were children who enrolled in (CBMS 2005). elementary that are more than 12 years old, and in secondary schooling that are more In general, based on the secondary data, than 16 years old hence this children are the educational indicators of the province unaccounted for. Although participation rates have improved because school heads are of the province are low, the rates have been motivated and have undergone a capability increasing in the past few years. building process through the Third Elementary Education Program (TEEP) and Secondary The province’s cohort survival rate in elemen- Education Development and Improvement tary schooling shows a fluctuating trend for Program (SEDIP). three school years. Based on the Department of Education’s data, the cohort survival rates Proportion of Children Aged 6-12 Years are 54.32 percent for SY 2005-2006, 50.75 Old Enrolled in Elementary Education percent for SY 2006-2007, and 57.41 percent for SY 2007-2008. These figures mean that Sta. Josefa has the highest proportion of about half of the population of children children aged 6-12 years old enrolled in from grade I were able to reach grades six. elementary, followed by San Francisco, and Moreover, the female population (62.71% Trento. Sta. Josefa has one school district 40 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • with a total of 14 elementary schools. Figure 10. Proportion of Children Aged 6-12 Years While San Francisco has two districts with Old Enrolled in Elementary Education 28 elementary schools, Trento, too, has two districts with 28 elementary schools. In SY 2006-2007, the pupil-to-room ratio in Sta. Josefa is 33.88.In San Francisco, the two districts have ratios of 35.85 and 30, respectively. In Trento, the pupil-to-room ratio is 37.47. The ratios of the three munici- palities are ideal since each classroom has below 50 students. The teacher-to-class ratio in all school districts in the province, meanwhile, varies between 33 and 41. This means that the population of teachers is enough for the population of enrollees in the elementary schools. Moreover, the number of schools and the facilities can still suffice for the number of the children enrolled in elementary school. Currently, the ratios are not a big problem considering 41 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • that the participation rate in the province is not high (only 76.97% as of SY 2007-2008). Such will only become a problem when the participation rate climbs to 100 percent, as targeted for 2015. On the other hand, San Luis has the l o w e s t p r o p o r t i o n o f ch i l d r e n a g e d 6-12 years old enrolled in elementary, followed by La Paz and Loreto. These municipalities are also the top three in terms of high poverty incidence. Poverty and poor access to elementary school greatly contributed to the low proportion of enrollment in elementary schools. Proportion of Children Aged 13-16 Years Old Enrolled in High School San Francisco has the highest proportion of children aged 13-16 years old enrolled in 42 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Figure 11. Proportion of Children Aged 13-16 Years Old Enrolled in High School secondary schools, followed by Sta. Josefa, Luis, it is 48.16; and in Esperanza, it is 50.25 Rosario, and Bayugan. San Francisco has (school district I) and 67.38 (school district three government secondary schools, while II). Note that the ratios of the municipalities Sta. Josefa and Rosario each has one, and exceed the standard 50 students-per-class Bayugan has six. even though their participation rates are low. The teacher-to-pupil ratio is not a big concern San Francisco and Bayugan have colleges except for a school in Bayugan with a ratio that offer secondary education. The student- of 54.70; in Esperanza, with 59.89; and in class ratio in San Francisco varies from 46.28 Prosperidad (ASSAT) with 81.13. The three to 51.82; while in Sta. Josefa, it is 54.64; and exceed the standard 50 students-per-teacher in Bayugan, it varies from 42 to 66. There is rule, and therefore need more teachers. a problem with the number of students in secondary schools because the ratio exceeds La Paz and San Luis belong to the top three the standard of 50 students per class in SY in terms of high poverty incidence. Poverty 2006-2007. Furthermore, this implies that and poor access to secondary schools greatly there should be additional classrooms to contributed to the low enrollment in secondary avoid overpopulated classes. schools. On the other hand, La Paz has the lowest In sum, there is already congestion in proportion of children aged 13-16 years old classes, regardless of whether there is high or enrolled in secondary school, followed by San low participation rate in secondary schools. Luis, and Esperanza. For SY 2006-2007, the Moreover, there are not enough teachers student-to-class ratio in La Paz is 58.43; in San despite the fact that all municipalities have low 43 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • Figure 12. Proportion of Children Aged 6-16 Years Old Enrolled in School enrolment. These will become huge problems once the partici- pation rate increases, and if the lack of classrooms and teachers in secondary schools continues to be left unaddressed. Proportion of Children Aged 6-16 Years Old Enrolled in School Sta. Josefa has the highest proportion of popula- t i o n a ge d 6 - 16 ye a r s o l d enrolled in schools. This is followed by San Francisco and Bayugan. In terms of IP population, Bayugan h a s t h e l e a s t p ro p o r t i o n, f o l l o w e d by S t a . Jo s e f a , 44 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Veruela, and San Francisco. On the other hand, San Luis has the least proportion of enrolment, followed by La Paz and Loreto, both of which are river towns. La Paz has the highest proportion of IP population, followed by San Luis and Loreto. All these tell us that the proportion of enrolment somehow relates to the culture of the people, the motivation parents give to their children, and how education is valued. Literacy Rate of 15-24 Year-Olds Literacy rate among the youth aged 15-24 years old is not a major problem in the province. San Luis has the lowest literacy rate, followed by Loreto and La Paz. Figure 13. Literacy Rate of 15-24 Year-Olds 45 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • These municipalities have a low proportion Fourteen disparity barangays were given of enrolment among their elementary and funding by the UNIDEF Country Program for secondary school-age population. Children VI (CPC) for various programs and projects for school children. Programs include B. Current Policies and Programs the Food for School Program, Healthy Start Feeding Program, School Playground with The province, municipalities, and Outdoor Facilities, and others that address barangays have shared funding in the the basic rights of children. provision of honoraria to 58 voluntary teachers so as to augment the gap in the For the out-of-school youth, existing number of teachers in schools. Access to programs provided by the Department of libraries through the establishment of 203 Education are the non-formal education, Pagtuon Library Centers augmented the including short-term courses that will gap on the books requirement, especial- prepare the youth for jobs in the future; ly of the hard-to-reach barangay. The and the Alternative Learning System (ALS) province has also provided counterpart for school children and youth who cannot funds for the construction of the school attend regular classes. buildings under the Third Elementary Education Program (TEEP) funded by the The province is a recipient of 4s Program World Bank. (Pamilyang Pantawid Pilipino Program), which 46 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • also helps the children of poor households. motivate parents to send their children to school. A massive education campaign by The PGAS also has a scholarship program both the LGUs and the school authorities under the Sangguniang Panlalawigan for must be done to bring the children back to Indigenous Peoples (IPs) and non-IPs. In 2009, school. there were a total of 108 scholars, including IPs and non-IPs. 2. Request the national government to create plan- tilla positions for teachers in Agusan del Sur C. Challenges/Priorities/Recommendations The province lacks permanent teaching positions, especially at the elementary 1. Increase participation rate by 2015 level. This has been remedied by LGUs For 2015, the province targets a 90 percent by giving honoraria to voluntary teachers participation rate in the elementary level at a minimal amount of PhP2,000 per in which the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino month. The recommendation of this paper, Program (4Ps) can help fill the gap at a cost though, is for the national government to of about PhP1.4 billion by 2015. Barangay create plantilla positions for teachers in leaders should make alternative ways to Agusan del Sur. Pagtuon: Pagtuon: Pagtuon Alang sa Masanag nga Kaugmaon is a project that involves the distribution of books, construction of reading centers, and establishment of mu- nicipal and barangay libraries. Its donor is Madame Nancy Harrington of the Books to the Barrios Foundation, which is based in the United States. Pisaan Elementary School located in Pisaan, San Francisco is the first recipient of this project and is now the most visited institution by different schools in the country after being tagged as the Model School of Excellence. Another project is the Mobile Library that travels to different schools along the highway towns. This has helped school children with their research work and assignments. 47 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • Goal 3: Promote Gender Equality elementary school age population. While the male population of 39,354 is greater than the female of 38,615, such cannot really be Target 3. A: Eliminate gender disparity avoided since there are more male population in primary and secondary education, than females. Similarly, there is a slight gap preferably by 2005, and in all levels of between the male and female population education no later than 2015. in secondary school at 1.1. This means that more females (16,250) enrolled in secondary A. Status and Trends schools than did the males (13,189). The ratio of girls to boys in primary education On the other hand, there is a 0.9 females- is 0.9. It shows little gender disparity in the per-male literacy rate among persons aged 48 48 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 15-24. This means that there are more literate males aged 15-24 years old Figure 14. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Primary Education than females. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Primary Education Five municipalities show no gender disparity among children 6-12 years old enrolled in elementary schools. These are La Paz, Loreto, Prosperidad, San Francisco, and Trento. The rest of the municipalities have gender dispari- ties; there are more male school-age population than females enrolled in elementary schools. Most of the girls are utilized in doing household chores such as cooking, washing, and caring for their young siblings while their mother is at work. 49 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • Ratio of Girls to Boys in Secondary Education Most of the municipalities, except for San Francisco, have gender disparities in secondary schools. More females aged 13-16 years old are enrolled in secondary schools than do males. Most of the boys of these ages are now employed on seasonal basis. Most work in farms in such jobs as planting and harvesting palay, hauling oil palm products and falcata logs using carabao-drawn carriages, wood crafting, and sawali making. Figure 15. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Secondary Education 50 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Ratio of Girls to Boys in Tertiary Education Three municipalities were found to have no gender disparities in their tertiary schools. These are Bunawan, La Paz, and San Francisco. Bunawan and San Francisco have a number of colleges; ergo, there are more chances for their school-age population to pick a college. Meanwhile, the rest of the municipalities have more female population than male population enrolled. Figure 16. Ratio of Girls to Boys in Tertiary Education 51 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • Ratio of Literate Females to Males Aged 15-24 Years Old Most municipalities–again, except San Francisco---have gender disparities in terms of the literacy rate of those 15-24 years old. Figures show more literate males aged 15-24 years old than females. Females of this age usually stop school and work instead as house helpers in nearby municipalities or provinces and cities so as to provide for their own personal needs. For them, this is the only means they could earn money. Figure 17. Ratio of Literate Females to Males Aged 15-24 Years Old 52 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Proportion of Seats Held by Women in Municipality and Province It is interesting to note that the proportion of elective seats occupied by women in the province is lower than the national figure. Only 16.13 percent of women have occupied the elective seats in the province and municipalities. Only 25 out of the 155 elective seats, excluding the barangay level, are occupied by women. There are three women at the provincial level (one provincial governor and two Sangguniang Panlalawigan members) while the male officials total 12 (one vice governor, eight SPs and three ex-officio members). At the municipal level, the males are 118 to the females’ total of 22 (includes four female mayors, one female vice mayor, and 17 women Sangguniang Bayan members). In contrast, there are 10 male mayors, 13 vice mayors, and 95 Sangguniang Bayan members. B. Policies and Programs women; strengthening of women organizations As mandated by Republic Act 7192, which from municipal to provincial level; and livelihood recognizes women as partners of men in skills training for women such as fossilized flower nation building, the province supports the making, and corn husk utilization skills training. Gender and Development Program. A female Honoraria were provided to women members of Sangguniang Panlalawigan Member has the Provincial Federation. been assigned as a point person handling the affairs of women. She likewise has A series of symposia on Responsible Parenthood, counterparts from the Provincial Planning and Gender, and Development were conducted for the Development Office, Provincial Social Welfare different barangays by the provincial government. Office, Provincial Budget Office, Provincial Governor’s Office, Provincial Agriculture C. Challenges/Priorities/Recommendations Office, Provincial Health office, Provincial Assessment Office, and Provincial Information Increase the number of elective seats held by Office. The Municipal Federation of Women women in the municipality and province and the Provincial Federation of Women were Women should be given incentives to take an active organized. A yearly funding support from the role in the community. Recognize their efforts and best provincial government was earmarked to practices by giving rewards. Build the capacities of finance the programs and projects for women. the women to become leaders in the community by These include leadership skills training for training, developing and making them self-reliant. 53 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • Goal 4: Reduce Child Mortality the average, a 2005 DOH Report reported Target 4. : Reduce by two-thirds, the region’s infant mortality rate is 7.5 percent. between 1990 and 2015, the under-five The deaths of male children (2.2) are greater mortality ratio than the females’ (1.5). On the regional level, Agusan del Sur ranked 5th among the five A. Status and Trends provinces in terms of infant mortality rate, which means that the province has the lowest The province only has a 0.8 percent propor- rate. tion of deaths among children ages 0-4 years old. This is due to the availability of child health The proportion of one-year old children programs such as the immunization projects immunized with measles is 89.1 percent (16,335 and availability of Botika ng Barangay that out of 18,335 one-year old children), while offers cheaper medicines. There are more fully immunized children (per DOH-Center male children aged 0 to 4 years old who died for Health Development Report 2005) were compared to female children. recorded at 87 percent --- higher than the region’s 80.3 percent. This was attributed to The province has only a 1.9 percent propor- the availability of medicines at health centers tion (263 out of 13,786) of infant deaths. On and regular scheduling of child immunization. 54 Province of Agusan Del Sur Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Proportion of Children Aged 0 to Less Figure 18. Proportion of Children Aged 0 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died than 5 Years Old who Died The graph above shows that La Paz has the highest proportion of child deaths among children aged 0-4 years old. This is followed by Sibagat, Veruela, and Loreto. La Paz experienced a cholera epidemic back in 2005 and with proportion of child deaths aged 0-4 years old estimated at 2 percent (or 51 out of 3,353). The figures for the rest of the munici- palities ranges from 0.5 percent to 1.2 percent.. La Paz and Loreto have their own primary hospitals to serve their populace, while Veruela is served by the private and public hospitals of Trento and 55 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • Figure 19. Proportion of Infants who Died Bunawan. Sibagat is served by the hospitals of Bayugan and Butuan City. Each municipality has its own main health center located at the poblacion and 125 barangay health stations, although not necessarily in all barangays. Proportion of Infants who Died Veruela has the highest proportion of infant deaths, followed by Bayugan, and then by La Paz and Bunawan. The graph shows that Veruela posted 4 percent(or 32 deaths out of 880 infants); while Bayugan, La Paz and Bunawan posted- about 3 percent (38 out of 2,707 for La Paz; 40 out of 9,593 for Bayugan; 18 out of 56 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 669). Sibagat posted: the lowest Figure 20. Proportion of Children Aged 1 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died proportion of infants who died which is about 0.6 percent. The low proportion of deaths is due to several health programs for infants and pregnant mothers already in place in the province such as maternal care programs for pregnant women, promotion of breastfeeding, immunization programs, and supplementary programs. Proportion of Children Aged 1 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died La Paz, Sibagat, and Loreto took the top three spots in terms of high proportion of deaths among children aged 1- 4 years old. The figures for the three municipalities range from 1.1 57 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • percent to 1.4 percent. The rest of the munici- sponsored by the DOH-Center for Health palities posted less than 1 percent in terms of Development-Caraga Region, plus seven children aged 1 to less than 5 years old who botikas established under the Convergence died. Although these three municipalities are Development Program (CDP) of the provin- the top three, their numbers are not deemed cial government. Of the seven botikas under alarming. CDP, three are located in Esperanza (Aurora, Duangan, and Guadalupe), two are in B. Policies and Programs Bayugan City (Magkiangkang and Grace Estate), one in Prosperidad (La Perian), and The province implemented activities one in San Francisco (Pisaan). down to the community level such as immunization programs; nutrition programs; C. Challenges/Priorities/Recommendations sixth (6th) country program for children; supplementary feeding; dengue prevention A total of 183 Botika ng Barangay for 90 and control programs; and breastfeeding. percent of the barangays needs to be set up On the other hand, the province already by year 2015. These are in addition to the 103 has a total of 97 Botika ng Barangay botikas already existing. 58 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Goal 5: Improve Maternal Health Target 5.A: Reduce by three quarters, handled by hilots or trained traditional between 1990 and 2015, the maternal barangay attendants (TBAs). Eight separate mortality ratio birthing clinics were established as of 2008 to cater to pregnant women’ safe delivery, but A. Status and Trends every barangay health station has its own birthing area. Home-based deliveries were The province posted only 0.3 percent of not allowed. Constant follow-ups were done women who died due to pregnancy-related by the health workers, especially midwives, on causes (or 36 deaths out of 13,718 women). pregnant women to convince the latter to have The slightly low number is attributed to the their babies delivered at the birthing clinics. In rural health personnel’s promotion of health 2008, there were 2,451 active barangay health programs for pregnant women and the support workers (BHWs) and 869 TBAs available. of barangay officials. On the regional level, Agusan del Sur ranked 3rd among the provinces On the other hand, the prevalence rate in terms of maternal mortality rate, with only 0.9 of contraceptive use in the province is 34.4 percent per 1,000 live births (PHO, ADS 2007). percent. Urban areas (38.33%) have a higher rate compared to rural areas (33.2%). There In 2005, only 54.7 percent of the birthing are more users of contraceptives in urban cases were attended by health personnel. areas, which means that the populace is more This increased to 65.8 percent by 2008 (per conscious of population control, and most PHO Report) while only 34.2 percent were mothers in the urban areas go to work. 59 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • Proportion of Women Deaths due to Pregnancy-Related Causes The proportion of women who died due to pregnanc y-related causes Maternal death in all municipalities is about 0.3 percent This means that health services for pregnant women are delivered down to the household level. Birthing clinics are not available at barangay level (although not yet in all barangays). Moreover, the barangay health workers (BHW) are now properly monitoring the pregnant women and advocate the importance of prenatal care and its benefits to the mother and baby. Except for those mothers in far-flung barangays without accessible maternal health services available, women are now generally conscious of their health. Target 5.B: Achieve by 2015, universal access to reproductive health Contraceptive Prevalence Rate Figure 21. Proportion of Women Death Due to Trento, Sta. Josefa, and Rosario are the Pregnancy-Related Causes top three sites with the highest proportion of couples who practice contraception. These municipalities have low poverty incidences. On the other hand, there are four municipalities with lower contracep- tive prevalence rate than the province’s rate of 34.4 percent. These are Sibagat, San Luis, Loreto, and La Paz–munici- palities that are also known for their high poverty incidence. This indicates that couples in these municipalities are not conscious of family planning; thus, they have more household members and experience poverty. 60 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Indigency Program under the Philhealth- B. Policies and Programs Sponsored Sector Program (funded by FOURmula ONE and DOH), Voluntary Health programs implemented in the Blood Services Program, Health and province include the Nutrition Program, Sanitation Program, and Family Planning and Maternal Services. Maternal services offered include provision of iron supple- ments, tetanus toxoid, and birthing clinics in each barangay health unit. Agusan del Sur is also a recipient of FOURmula ONE for Health, which is funded by the EC and DOH and covers four areas: Health Service Delivery, Health Care Financing, Good Governance for Health, and Health Regulation. A total of P106,434,274 have been released to the province since 2007 . Other foreign funding agencies that have contributed to the delivery of health services include the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), AusAID, World Vision, Culion Foundation Incorporated, JPIC, NMCIREMP, IFAD, World Neighbors, UNDP-ACT for Peace. Nongovernmental organizations such as Loving Presence Foundation, Bangon Agusan Alang sa Kalamboan (BASAK) Inc., and Agusan del Figure 22. Contraceptive Prevalence Rate Sur Network of Civil Society Organization are also active partners of the province. C. Challenges/Priorities/Recommendations There shall be no more child death in 2015, and 90 percent of those in the produc- tive ages must adopt family planning. Concerned LGUs must increase their budget for health services, including family planning, to achieve the target by 2015. Medicines must be available especially in far-flung barangays with difficult road access. 61 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • Goal 6: Combat HIV/ AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases Target 6. : Have halted by 2015 and be 2.4 percent suggesting that condom is begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS not popular among couples as choice for contraception method. A. Status and Trends The province has minimal cases of death The province has no reported HIV case (1.8%) associated with malaria, based on among the 15-24 years old population based 2005 CBMS data. The MDG target set for on Provincial Health Office data since 2005. 2015 is zero deaths due to malaria. The death Moreover, the proportion of couples using rate associated with tuberculosis is estimated condom as contraception is estimated to to be 31.1 percent. This is mainly due to the 62 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • proper health monitoring at the barangay level and the availability of medicines in barangay health units. However, the downside is that some tuberculosis patients were reported to not take their medications religiously. Proportion of Couples Using Condom Among those who are Practicing Contraception Five municipalities posted proportions of couples using condoms as contraception method higher than the provincial estimate of 2.4 percent. These are Rosario (2.8%). Bayugan (3.4%), Esperanza (3.4%), Loreto (4.3%), and San Luis (6.0%). On the other hand, Sta. Josefa recorded the lowest propor- tion at only 1.3 percent. Figure 23. Proportion of Couples Using Condom Among those who are Practicing Contraception 6 63 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • Target 6.C: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases Death Rates Associated with Malaria La Paz has the highest incidence of deaths associ- ated with malaria at six deaths, followed by Veruela (2 deaths), and Loreto and San Luis (1 death each). These municipalities belong to river towns. Even though malaria drugs and treated mosquito nets have been distributed to these areas, the recipi- ents do not take the drugs Figure 24. Death Rates Associated with Malaria 64 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • religiously because the less educated folks, especially those in the hinterlands, believe that malaria drugs are the cause of headaches. Prevalence and Death Rates Associated with Tuberculosis There are seven municipalities with death rates associated with tuberculosis that are higher than the provincial figure of 31.1 percent. These are Sibagat, Bunawan, Sta. Josefa, San Francisco, Prosperidad, Veruela, and Loreto. Sibagat has the highest number of deaths with about 59, followed by Bunawan with 47, then by Sta. Josefa with about 44. Generally, tubercu- losis is a disease associated Figure 25. Prevalence and Death Rates Associated with Tuberculosis 65 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • with poverty such as in the case of Loreto, La cases confirmed in 2005, no deaths were Paz, Veruela, and Sibagat. Lack of nutrition is recorded either. also a factor. Moreover, laborers, especially those who lift heavy objects such as logs and The TB DOTS Program of the Department other forest products, are most likely to be of Health, which is a national tuberculosis vulnerable to this disease. Sadly, it had been control program, has five tuberculosis DOTS noted those already afflicted with tuberculosis centers that are Philippine Coalition Against do not go to rural health units regularly for Tuberculosis (PHILCAT) accredited as well treatment or, worse, do not accept that they as six rural health units certified as Sentrong have the disease. Sigla-Level health facilities in the province. B. Policies and Programs Programs related to as Schistosomiasis Control and cardiovascular disease preven- The Provincial Health Office is continu- tion are also being enforced in the province. ously monitoring the HIV prevalence in the province. The Malaria Control Program C. Challenges/Priorities/Recommendations under an AusAID-funded project continues to be implemented. Activities include health While the number of malaria cases in the education, distribution of treated mosquito province has ebbed, there remains a need nets, house spraying, and provision of to constantly monitor and reevaluate the malarial drugs to those areas considered strategies implemented and the availability of positive for malaria. Results show a decrease supplies for prevention as well as to be vigilant in the number of deaths associated with in combating malaria. Its control program malaria. From two deaths in 2003, the should be supported because the cases can province managed to report zero deaths in again increase due to ecological conditions 2004 and although there were 732 malaria that favor breeding of vectors. 66 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability Target 6.C: Have halted by 2015 and percent alienable and disposable lands out begun to reverse the incidence of malaria of the 896,550 hectares of land area. The and other major diseases Mt. Magdiwata Ranges is evidence that the province’s mountainous areas are still covered A. Status and Trends by forests. However, there are areas that need reforestation, which the province now has Proportion of Land Area Covered by Forest been working on. Based on the records of the DENR, Agusan Data gathered by the PENRO-LGU showed del Sur has 76 percent forestland and 24 that the province has 68.45 percent of its 67 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • Figure 26. Proportion of Househplds with Access to safe areas covered by forests. The Mt. Magdiwata Drinking Water Ranges is ho home to various flora and fauna, of which 2.32 percent of the fauna are in fact threatened w extinction. This number does with not yet cover other areas and the Agusan cove Marsh. Target 7.C : Halve by 2015, the proportion o people without sustainable of saf access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation Proportion of Households/Population p H with Access to Safe Drinking Water S About 66.2 percent of the population have access to saf drinking water. When broken safe down by gender, a slightly higher proportion of female members (66.6%) have access to 68 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • drinking water than do the males (65.8%). The graph above shows that Sta. Josefa, Although Agusan del Sur is crisscrossed by Trento, and Rosario have high access to sanitary 13 rivers and several lakes, potable water toilets, either water-sealed or closed-pit types is scarce unless these rivers are tapped as of facility. This means that more households are sources of drinking water, which involves a aware of sanitation and health concerns. The huge amount of money. province has provided water-sealed toilet bowls to recipients who currently have no access to On the other hand, 78.6 percent of the sanitary toilet. However, problem arose when population have access to sanitary toilet. some households failed to install the toilet There is a slightly higher number of female bowls. Recently, the Provincial Health Office put users (78.9%) than the males (78.2%). Those in place a strategy to rectify the problem. That who do not have ready access to water and is, aside from toilet bowls, the sponsors also are living in the hinterlands do not have any include cement and other installation materials. sanitary toilets. In this case, households’ role is simply to render labor for the construction of the toilet. Rosario, Bayugan, San Francisco, and Esperanza are the places with better accessi- The province has 7.2 percent of the popula- bility to safe drinking water. These are the tion who are informal settlers. People who live municipalities having Level III water supply in makeshift housing are only 3.9 percent. projects. Meanwhile, the municipalities of La This is because lumber materials are cheap, Paz, Talacogon, and Loreto have lesser access Agusan del Sur being known as the timber to safe water since these are located along capital of the Caraga Region. the Agusan River. Several Level I water supply projects have been implemented but the water Figure 27. Proportion of Population with Access to Sanitary Toilet Facility produced is not potable. These municipalities, including those situated along the Agusan River, are the priority of the TINA Project. Proportion of Households/Population with Access to Sanitary Toilet Facility Eight municipalities have lesser access to sanitary toilets when compared to the provincial figure of 78.6 percent. La Paz has the least proportion of its population with access to sanitary toilets, followed by San Luis and Loreto. These municipalities have many far-flung barangays where most households do not have water-sealed and closed-pit types of toilet facilities. Moreover, about 82.52 percent, 56.15 percent, and 53.54 percent, respectively, of these municipalities are composed of indigenous people. 69 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • In general, 49.5 percent, or almost half of the population, has inadequate Figure 28. Proportion of Population who are Informal Settlers living conditions.These are households that do not meet one or all of these four basic social necessities: access to safe drinking water, access to sanitary toilet facilities, not living in makeshift housing, and has security of tenure. Target 7.D: By 2020, to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers Proportion of Households/Population who are Informal Settlers There are three municipalities whose proportion of informal settlers 70 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • is higher than the provincial figure of 7.2 percent. These are Prosperidad, Talacogon, and Rosario. In Prosperidad, the specific Figure 29. Proportion and Magnitude of Households/ barangays whose informal settlers comprise Population who are Living in Makeshift Housing with more than half of the barangay’s number of households are Libertad, Azpetia, Los Arcos, and Patin-ay. Informal settlers in Talacogon are mostly located near the river banks or live in floating houses in Barangay Sabang Gibong or are located at the road “right of way” in Barangay Marbon. Informal settlers in Rosario are those located in the mining areas such as Barangays Bayugan 3 and Maligaya. Proportion and Magnitude of Households/ Population who are Living in Makeshift Housing There are nine municipalities whose propor- tion of households living in makeshift housing is higher than the provincial figure of 3.9 percent. Among these municipalities, Sta. 71 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • Josefa tops the list, followed by Rosario Figure 30. Proportion and Magnitude of Households/Population who and Veruela. are Living in Inadequate Living Conditions Proportion and Magnitude of Households/ Population who are Living in Inadequate Living Conditions There are nine municipalities with higher proportions of households with inadequate living conditions as compared to the provin- cial figure of 49.5 percent. La Paz has the highest proportion, followed by Loreto, and San Luis. These municipalities have many poor households. B. Current Policies and Programs To maintain ecological balance, existing laws (both national and local), especially 72 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • those that govern forestry and mining, should project on denuded forests covering 50 be strictly enforced. hectares of land, has been funded with P1.2 million. This involves replanting the area with In the area of environmental manage- rattan, rubber, and forest trees. ment, the PTWG has formulated the Environment Code that was duly approved To reduce the percentage of waterless by the Sangguniang Panlalawigan and households, Agusan del Sur implement- implemented the internal rules and regula- ed Project TINA (Tubig Imnonon Natong tions of the Code. The PENRO has monitored Agusanon). In 2009, a total of P6.48 million and evaluated activities related to RA 9003 in has been allocated for the production and each municipality; and has provided technical distribution of concrete water dispensers assistance in the preparation of the Municipal containing biosand filters. Ecological Solid Waste Management Plan. Likewise, policy-making bodies such as the The province has provided sanitary toilets Agusan del Sur Environment and Sustainable to all pilot barangays of the Convergence Development Council (ASESDC) was set up Development Areas such as Rosario, to further safeguard the environment. Sibagat, Esperanza, San Francisco, and Prosperidad. Moreover, the DOH also has Meanwhile, the More Vegetation and a regular project on the provision of sanitary Greening Project (MVGP), a rehabilitation toilets running at the barangay level. 73 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • The famous Agusan Marsh. People living in this area are poor. 2. Increase the number of households with sanitary C. Challenges/Priorities/Recommendations toilet by 5.2 percent To be able to increase the number 1. Provision of waterless households with project of households with sanitary toilets, the TINA province and the different municipalities Project TINA aims to provide the 90 percent have to allocate funds for the construction (31,461 HHs) of waterless households with of such toilet facilities. This action should safe drinking water by the year 2015 at a total be is in addition to the existing programs project cost of P70 million. funded by FOURmula ONE and the DOH. 74 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Project TINA is one of the good practices the province can boast of. In this strategy, the province solves the problems on potable drinking water by resorting to the use of the biosand filter. The technology was provided by a group of expert from the Palawan Con- servation Corps Center for Affordable Water & Sanitation Technology, A Single Drop for Safe Water. The biosand filter consists of layers of sand and gravel enclosed within a body or box, usu- ally constructed from concrete. A shallow layer of water sits atop the sand whose purpose is to eliminate sediments, microorganisms, and other water impurities. The filter cleanses 60-80 liters of water every day. It removes bacteria that cause diseases such as e-coli; cholera, viruses, parasites; and metallic elements such as iron. The filtered water looks, smells and tastes good. It is easy to maintain and operate, cheap and afford- able, built for household use, not necessary to change sand and gravel inside, and durable and long-lasting. Gov. Maria Valentina G. Plaza together with Vice Gov. Cane, Jr., SP Magdamit and SP The project was launched in Agusan del Sur last December 18, 2008. The filters distributed Allan Santiago during the installation of project TINA at the household level. to the different schools and households had a budget of P6.48 million. 75 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • Goal 8: Develop a Global Partnership for Development Target 8.A: In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries A. Status and Trends Proportion of Population with Access to Affordable Essential Drugs on a Sustainable Basis The province has 107 Botika ng Bayan established, allowing households access to cheaper medicines, thus reducing the incidence of preventable diseases in the community. 76 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Target 8.F: In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefit of new technologies, especially information and communication The province has a low proportion of households with cell phones. Although all 14 municipalities have cell sites, households still have less access to telephones/cell phones because not all can afford the gadget. Moreover, nine municipalities have telephone landlines such as Veruela, Sta. Josefa, Trento, Bunawan, San Francisco, Prosperidad, Bayugan City, Sibagat, and Esperanza. Proportion of Households with Landlines/Telephones San Francisco leads in terms of the propor- tion of households with access to telephones, followed by Bayugan, Prosperidad, and Trento. Their telephone service providers include Bayantel, Cruztelco, Philcom, PLDT, PT&T and RCPI. The province has a total of 38 public calling stations installed in 12 municipalities except Sta. Josefa and Bunawan. Figure 31. Proportion of Households with Landlines/ Telephones 77 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • Proportion of the Households with Cell Phones San Francisco also leads in terms of the number of households with access to cell phones. It is followed by Trento and Bayugan. These are all growth centers of the province, and therefore, more economic activities happen in these areas. All municipalities have accessed to Globe and Smart mobile networks. The number of cell sites installed in the province hiked from 21 in 2004 to 28 in 2005. In 2008, a cell site of Sun Cellular Company was installed in Bayugan. Figure 32. Proportion of Households with Cellphones 78 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Proportion of Households with Computers San Francisco still tops in terms of the number of households with computers, followed by Prosperidad and Bayugan. More households in these municipalities can afford to buy a computer. A number of households are, in fact, engaged in computer businesses such as internet cafés, computer encoding and printing because of the high demand from students. These municipalities also have several secondary and tertiary schools wherein internet research is part of the require- ments from students. B. Policies and Programs Four of the province’s municipalities (Bayugan, Prosperidad---the capital town, San Francisco, and Trento) have functional Real Property Tax Information System (TRPTIS). Figure 33. Proportion of Households with Computers 79 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • These are located in the province’s growth centers or commercial centers. Likewise, they have internet connec- tions. The lone radio station and lone TV station owned and managed by the provincial government is located at the D.O PLAZA Government Center in Prosperidad, Agusan del Sur. C. Challenges There is a need to connect all the municipalities and 70 percent of the barangays of the province through internet and enhance/upgrade the existing systems. Agusan del Sur is more Examples of existing informa- advanced compared tion systems developed by the to other provinces local Information Technology in Caraga in terms of Unit are the Real Property Tax information technology. Information System (RPTIS), It has been frequently Financial Management visited by other LGUs as Information System (FMIS), part of their benchmarking Warehouse Information System activities on information technology. (WIS), Personnel Management Accessing global information is Information System (PMIS), made easy, and local information and the Community-Based exchange is always available. Monitoring System. 80 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Part 3. Meeting the 2015 Challenge 1. Priority Program and Responses based. This is to boast the province’s economy for 2010-2015 by 2015 by utilizing the available local resources. Funding will be a joint effort of the Agusan del Sur allocates its funds by sectoral local, national, private and foreign investors. development areas: Economic Development, Social Development, Infrastructure Projects already ongoing are the Mindanao Development, Environment Management, and Rural Development Program, which is funded Development Administration. All programs by the World Bank with LGU counterpart; the and projects identified in this report are Northern Mindanao Community Initiatives taken from the Provincial Development and Resource Management assisted by Physical Framework Plan (PDPFP)/Provincial the International Fund for Agricultural Development Investment Plan (PDIP) and Development with LGU counterpart; the geared toward poverty reduction. This still Philippines-Australia Community Assistance excludes the Annual Investment Plan projects Program (PACAP); PODER 5 funded by funded solely by 20-percent of the Provincial the Spanish Government; ACT for Peace Development Fund. Program funded by the UNDP (New Zealand, Spain, Australia) and locally- 1.1. Economic Development initiated projects such as the Diversifi ed Farming Systems implemented in conver- To eradicate extreme poverty and hunger, gence development areas at the cost of P71.67 million has been earmarked to fund P24.9 million in 2009 and 2010. This last one several projects. It can be noted that majority is funded yearly from the 20-percent of the of these projects are agriculture and forest Provincial Development Fund. 81 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • Goal 1 – Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger 82 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 1.2. Social Development A total of P350.4326 million is allocated for the implementation of various social develop- To achieve universal primary education, ment projects under three goals: promote P54.464 million and P46.0 million are allocated gender equality, reduce child mortality, and for the construction/repair of classrooms for improve maternal health. Activities under pre-schools and elementary schools, respec- these goals include upgrade of hospital facili- tively. Moreover, P36 million is allocated for ties and equipment, indigency programs for the construction/repair of secondary school poor families, water and sanitation programs, buildings/classrooms. etc. Goal 2 – Achieve Universal Primary Education Table 36. Social Development (Education) Programs and Projects, Cost per Year (in Millions) 83 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • Goal 3 – Promote Gender Equality Goal 4 – Reduce Child Mortality Goal 5 – Improve Maternal Health Goal 6 – Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases Table 37. Social Development (Health) Programs and Projects, Cost per Year (in Millions) Table 38. Social Development (Housing and Resettlement) Programs and Projects, Cost per Year (in Millions) 84 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Table 39. Social Development (Social Welfare) Programs and Projects, Cost per Year (in Millions) 1.3. Environmental Management upland farming through the application of slope agricultural land technology (SALT), A total of P41.85 million is allocated for the and settlement for poor households living in implementation of various projects in support danger zones such as those along the river of environmental sustainability. Major projects banks and road right of way. include watershed management/reforestation, Goal 7 – Ensure Environmental Sustainability Table 40. Environmental Management Programs and Projects, Cost per Year (in Millions) The above investments are funded by the PLGU, MLGUs. BLGUs; foreign- assistance organizations such as AusAID. CIDA, UNDP, EC, ADB, World Bank; and the coffers of the national government. 85 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • 1.4. Infrastructure Development assistance to fully connect all barangays’ roads and construct bridges to those sites Road density in the province has not reached located along rivers and creeks. A total of the national standard. The existing road P716.779 million is allocated for the construc- density is only 0.346 kilometer for every square tion/repair of roads and bridges. kilometer of land---which is far below the standard of one kilometer for every kilometer Goal 8 – Develop a Global Partnership of land. The province still needs financial for Development 2. Financing the MDGs 86 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • 3. Monitoring Progress Toward the cannot be solved by one or two persons alone. Attainment of the MDGs It is a collaborative effort by all stakeholders and should be spearheaded by the political Monitoring the province’s progress vis-a- leaders with political will. Poverty leads to poor vis the MDGs is not a problem in Agusan education, malnutrition, increasing criminality, del Sur. The second round of the CBMS prostitution, etc. Agusan del Sur has much was conducted last May-June 2009. The to offer in terms of natural resources: vast next round is expected to be in 2012, and agricultural lands, forest products, mineral done regularly at three-year intervals. Yearly deposits, etc. Its climate is a major factor of assessment of the programs and projects the production of agricultural crops. There is will be conducted by the Provincial Planning no long dry season in the area. Agusan del and Development Office. For the next assess- Sur has large rivers and lakes suited for fish ment activities, the province will be using the production, and as source for irrigation and Logical Map designed by Dr. Cesar Mercado electricity. There are also large waterfalls that of the Development Center for Asia Africa can be tapped as source of energy. Brownouts and Pacific (DCAAP). will be a thing of the past in Mindanao if only the relevant development programs are given Another monitoring tool introduced to the top priority. province by the Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) is the local Recommendation: Governance Performance Measuring System (LGPMS). The output of this tool is called the • LGU officials and other development State of Local Governance Report (SLGR). partners must focus on the implementation of Another tool also introduced by the DILG programs and projects that are geared toward recently is the Systems Capacity Of The poverty reduction using the CBMS data. As Local Government (SCALOG), which focuses of this time, not all programs and projects on the LGUs’ capacity to deliver services, implemented uses the CBMS data; programs, and projects. • Source out funds for the implementation of various projects. • Continue to provide counterpart funds for 4. Conclusion and Recommendations the foreign-funded projects; • Involve NGOs in the implementation of It can be gleaned in the report that the programs and projects; most challenging goal is to eradicate extreme • Increase the number of women to occupy poverty. The persistent problem on poverty political position. 87 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • EXPLANATORY TEXT A. Preparation of Provincial administrative level of government that has no Millennium Development Goals responsibilities for delivery of social services. (MDGs) Report Using CBMS Data More data (are) is gradually becoming available at the provincial level, but not at 1. Background and Justification lower levels which are at the frontline of efforts to reduce poverty1.” The availability of good statistics and the capacity of governments, donors and international organizations to systematically measure, monitor and report on In response, the Philippine Government progress in all social and economic spheres are at the heart of development has embarked on an initiative to localize policy and the achievement of the MDGs. the MDGs using the Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS). In 2005, the The Millennium Development Goals Report 2007 National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB) issued Resolution No. 6 “recogniz- ing and enjoining support to the CBMS as a While progress toward the attainment of tool for strengthening the statistical system at the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) the local level that will generate statistics for is systematically being measured, monitored monitoring and evaluation of development and reported at the national level, clearly, plans, including the progress of the local there must be a parallel effort at the local level governments in attaining the Millennium to bring the MDGs into the mainstream of the Development Goals.” local development agenda. Meanwhile, several approaches are being This is especially called for under decentral- carried out by the Department of the Interior ized regimes where local government units and Local Government (DILG) in capacitat- (LGUs) are at the forefront of policy or ing LGUs to contribute to the attainment of program execution. Unfortunately, however, the MDGs and uplifting the quality of life national statistical systems have yet to respond of their constituents. These interventions are adequately to the demand for micro-level particularly stated in DILG Memorandum statistics that can aid LGUs in their poverty Circular (MC) No. 2004-152 “Guide to Local alleviation efforts, as noted in a joint World Government Units in the Localization of Bank and Asian Development Bank report, to the MDGs” dated November 2004, which wit: “the most comprehensive and consistent provides for the: (a) menu of Programs, comparative subnational data (are) is at Projects and Activities (PPAs) per MDG goal the regional level although this is simply an and target to guide LGUs in responding to 1 Decentralization in the Philippines: Strengthening Local Government Financing and Resource Management in the Short-Term, 2005 (A Joint Document of the World Bank and 88 88 the Asian Development Bank) Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • the MDGs; (b) diagnosis of the local situation of 24 nation-states agreed that the CBMS using existing local indicators and monitoring could complement the official data collec- system; and (c) call for documentation and tion activities of national statistical offices replication of good practices. and improve the availability of the MDG and other indicators at the local level. It also The CBMS that is being implemented in agreed that localizing the MDGs through the Philippines is indeed well-positioned to CBMS would help integrate the goals into the track progress toward the attainment of the national development strategies. It therefore MDGs at the local level. For one, a number of urged other developing countries to initiate indicators being monitored in the CBMS are and implement similar innovative systems that included in the indicators for monitoring the would help localize the MDGs. progress in achieving the MDGs. Moreover, CBMS is intended to be done on a regular As of May 12, 2010, CBMS is being basis and can therefore be used for updating implemented in 59 provinces (32 of which MDG indicators and facilitating preparation of are province-wide), 687 municipalities and regular MDG reports. The CBMS can also be 43 cities in the Philippines, covering 17,848 used as basis by national and local govern- barangays all over the country (see Figure 34). ments for costing and identifying appropriate A good number of these LGUs have already interventions needed to achieve the MDGs as consolidated their CBMS databases and are well as for resource allocation. Finally, given well-positioned to generate their own local the large spatial disparities, the CBMS can MDG Reports. For one thing, CBMS collects help identify where focus has to be given to information that reflects the multi-faceted achieve the targets. nature of poverty. In addition, data generated by the CBMS can be broken down by munici- The CBMS’ role in localizing the MDGs was pal, barangay, purok and even down to the recognized during an Experts Group Meeting household level, thereby presenting meaning- on Localizing the MDGs held on November ful information and enabling deeper analysis 28, 2006 at the United Nations Economic of the poverty situation. Moreover, the CBMS and Social Commission for Asia and the can generate color-coded maps showing the Pacific (UN ESCAP) in Bangkok, Thailand. The poverty status at each geopolitical level. Committee on Poverty Reduction composed 89 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • Figure 34. CBMS Coverage in the Philippines (as of May 12, 2010) 2. Objectives and 2007 (for detailed information on census years, see Table 44). This project aims to capacitate ten provincial governments to systematically measure, In particular, the technical collabora- monitor and report their status with respect to tion-- was carried out to meet the following the MDGs. The operative word here is status objectives: since the provinces used their first round of (i) to track the status on the attainment of the CBMS data in formulating this report. These MDGs in the identified provinces; (ii) to assist provinces include Agusan del Norte, Agusan these provinces in preparing their Provincial del Sur, Batangas, Biliran, Camarines Norte, MDG Reports; and (iii) to increase local Eastern Samar, Marinduque, Romblon, awareness on how these reports can bridge Sarangani and Siquijor. The abovementioned local and national development strategies. provinces were selected since they were among the first LGUs that were able to 3. Expected Outputs consolidate their CBMS databases at the provincial level. The CBMS Census was The technical collaboration is expected to conducted in these provinces between 2005 produce the following outputs: (i) mentored 90 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • technical staff of the ten CBMS-partner Presentation provinces on how to prepare Provincial MDG and Critiquing of Provincial MDG Reports. This Reports, and (ii) Provincial MDG Reports of 3-day activity was designed to finalize the the nine provinces Provincial MDG Reports and at the same time provide an opportunity for an exchange 4. Capacity-Building of views and possible harmonization of approaches as well as for the provision of The capacity-building of the Provincial consistent guidance to all the Provincial MDG Teams consists of three workshops and MDG Teams. The expected output from this one-on-one mentoring process. workshop was the complete manuscript of the MDG Report which already incorporates the Processing of CBMS Data to Generate MDG comments/inputs of the assigned mentor and Indicators. This 2-day activity was designed resource persons who were invited to share to provide participants with: (i) a deeper their expertise during the workshop. appreciation of the importance of the CBMS in benchmarking/tracking local progress toward Mentor/Mentee Relationship. In order to the attainment of the MDGs; (ii) a satisfactory ensure a sustained and focused mentoring level of knowledge in processing CBMS data program, a mentor from the Research Team to facilitate analyses of accomplishments of the CBMS Network was matched to one versus targets; (iii) some basic skills on how to Provincial MDG Team. incorporate MDG targets in local development plans and facilitate corresponding increase in The assigned mentor was expected to set a budget allocation for MDG-responsive PPAs; specific time each week to interact with his/her and (iv) tools and methodologies in formulat- Provincial MDGTeam and discuss the following: ing MDG reports. (1) review progress in drafting the Provincial MDG Report, (2) set/identify targets for the Preparation of Provincial MDG Reports Using coming weeks, and (3) draw up an action plan CBMS Data. This 2-day activity was designed to achieve those targets. In addition, the mentor to build on the gains of the first workshop was expected to assist his/her assigned MDG by providing technical assistance to the Team in identifying and solving problem areas. Project Teams in (i) processing CBMS data to generate the additional MDG indicators Meanwhile, Dr. Celia M. Reyes, Anne and consolidating their data at the provincial Bernadette E. Mandap and Marsmath A. level, (ii) benchmarking/tracking their progress Baris, Jr. reviewed all partial and final toward the attainment of the MDGs , (iii) reports. The technical staff of the NEDA reviewing partial provincial reports based Social Development Staff headed by on the indicators generated using the first Director Erlinda Capones also reviewed workshop , and (iv) finalizing list of indicators and provided valuable comments on the to be included in the report. 91 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • reports. B. CBMS-MDG Indicators Unless otherwise indicated, all the statisti- cal tables, graphs, charts and poverty maps presented in this report were generated using the CBMS methodology. The MDG Indicators, which were estimated using CBMS data, are presented in Table 43. Box 1. Community-Based Monitoring System The CBMS is an organized way of col- It involves the following steps: lecting data at the local level to be used by Step 1 – Advocacy/organization local governments, national government Step 2 – Data collection and field editing agencies, nongovernment organizations Step 3 – Data encoding and map digitization (NGOs) and civil society for planning, Step 4 – Data consolidation, database-building budgeting, and implementing local devel- & poverty mapping opment programs as well as for monitor- Step 5 – Data validation and community con- ing and evaluating their performance. It is sultation a tool for improved local governance and Step 6 – Knowledge (database) management democratic decision-making that promotes Step 7 – Plan formulation greater transparency and accountability in Step 8 – Dissemination, implementation, and resource allocation. monitoring The MDG Indicators, which were esti- mated using CBMS data, are presented in Table 43. 92 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Table 43. The CBMS-MDG Indicators and their Definition 93 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • Table 43. (Continued) 94 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • Table 43. (Continued) 95 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • identified the local personnel who were D. Authority for the CBMS Census trained as enumerators and field supervi- sors. Technical assistance was provided The NSCB has issued Resolution No. 6 by the PEP-CBMS Network Coordinating (2005) which recognizes and enjoins support Team, the Bureau of Local Government to the CBMS as a tool for strengthening the Development (BLGD) and Regional Office statistical system at the local level. It also IV-B of the Department of the Interior directs the NSCB Technical Staff to initiate and Local Government (DILG), National and coordinate an advocacy program for Anti-Poverty Commission (NAPC), National the adoption of the CBMS by the LGUs, Economic and Development Authority through the Regional Statistical Coordination (NEDA) Regional Office IV-B and the Committees (RSCCs), the technical arm of the Institute for Democratic Participation in NSCB Executive Board in the regions. Governance (IDPG). The NSCB has also approved the CBMS Training was mainly conducted at two levels. Survey Instruments through NSCB Approval The first level training (Training of Trainors) is No. DILG-0903-01. conducted for members of the TWGs. This is usually conducted by members of the research staff of the CBMS Network and CBMS accred- E. Survey Operations ited trainors from the DILG, NAPC and NEDA. All survey operations were undertak- Meanwhile, a second level training (Training en under the supervision of the CBMS of Enumerators) is conducted for enumera- Technical Working Groups (TWGs) at tors who are usually composed of barangay the Provincial and Municipal Levels. They health workers and students. The members Table 44. Poverty and Food Threshold 96 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  • of the TWG acted as trainors in this training. created in 1985 by StataCorp. F. Data Processing System These softwares were provided for free to the 10 provinces which formulated their reports The data processing software used under under this project. this project includes the CBMS Data Encoding System, the CBMS-Natural Resources G. CBMS Poverty Maps Database and Stata. The poverty map for each indicator shows the The CBMS encoding system uses CSPro provincial map disaggregated by municipality. (Census and Survey Processing), a software developed by the United States Bureau of A simple color scheme is used (green, light Census for entering, editing, tabulating, green, pink and red) to represent the four and disseminating data from censuses and ranges of data for each indicator. Each indica- surveys. The CSPro-based (Census and Survey tor, however, used a different range relative to Processing) Encoding System converts survey the provincial data. data into electronic data. It produces text files (ASCII) described by data dictionaries, which adds flexibility to the output data. This H. Limitations of the Data feature facilitates the interface between the CBMS data and other database systems and While observations are taken from the statistical softwares. entire population, the user of the data presented in this report should bear in mind The CBMS Mapping system employs the that the municipalities in two provinces Natural Resources Database (NRDB) for (Eastern Samar and Biliran) were not able to CBMS-based poverty mapping and for storing collect their data over the same period. For and displaying household- and individual- instance, CBMS was piloted in a number of level information, The CBMS-NRDB is capable municipalities in Eastern Samar and Biliran in of creating and storing spatial (shapefiles) 2005 and was implemented provincewide in and non-spatial (texts and numbers) data 2006. Moreover, due to some difficulties, the as well as generating maps, reports and CBMS census could not be carried out in 1 graphs ideal for presentation and analysis of barangay in Romblon, and 2 barangays each poverty attributes in the community. This has in Camarines Norte and Eastern Samar. significantly addressed the need for a simple yet powerful and free geographically-oriented Estimates on poverty and subsistence database. incidence may also be affected by under- and/ or over-reporting of income or reluctance on Meanwhile, the CBMS data presented in the part of the respondents to reveal their this report through tables, graphs, charts and true levels of income. As in other surveys, poverty maps were processed using Stata, a the CBMS enumerators may also have general-purpose statistical software package encountered interview non-response and item non-response. 97 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  • Available in this series: NATIONAL REPORT • Philippines Progress Report on the Millennium Development Goals 2010 PROVINCIAL REPORTS •Status ReportofonAgusan del NorteDevelopment Goals Using CBMS Data Province the Millennium •Status ReportofonAgusan del Sur Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province the Millennium •Status ReportofonBiliranMillennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province the •Status ReportofonCamarines Norte Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province the Millennium •Status ReportofonEastern Samar Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province the Millennium •Status ReportofonMarinduque Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province the Millennium • Status Report onRomblon Province of the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data •Status ReportofonSiquijor Province the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data •Status ReportofonSarangani Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province the Millennium