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Province of AGUSAN DEL SUR
                                                                                               ...
Status Report on the
Millennium Development Goals
          (MDGs)
      Using CBMS Data




  Province of Agusan Del Sur
Foreword


  The Millennium Development Goal (MDG) Report of the Agusan del Sur province was
made possible through the par...
Acknowledgments

     “Whatever the mind of man can conceive and believe, it can achieve.”
                               ...
Message
                        The preparation of provincial MDGs reports is a critical step that Local Government
      ...
Message
                                               Republic of the Philippines
                                       ...
Table of Contents
Foreword ..................................................................................................
Message


    5. Goal 5 - Improve Maternal Health ................................................................. 59

  ...
List of Acronyms




AEGP                    Agricultural Enhancement for Growth and Productivity
APL                     ...
List of Acronyms


     PLAKAT         Pinagbuklod Lakas ng Kababaihan ng Trento
     PMIS           Personnel Management ...
List of Tables


1           Summary of Findings of MDG Indicators, Province of Agusan del Sur, 2005
2           Proportio...
List of Tables



     24     Death Rates Associated with Malaria, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 200...
List of Figures

1           Location of the Province of Agusan del Sur
2           Map of Agusan del Sur
3           Agus...
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY




       The Agusan del Sur MDG Report used                 target of 100 percent.
     the 2005 data ...
Table 1. Summary of Findings of MDG Indicators, Province of Agusan del Sur, 2005




                                     ...
Table 1. (Continued)




     16
                       Province of Agusan Del Sur   Status Report on the Millennium Devel...
of the employed labor force were engaged in                         Posing Great Challenge
agriculture, where employment i...
Part 1.
                   Provincial Profile


     1. History                                          become the second...
Figure 1. Location of the Province of Agusan del Sur                 Figure 2. Map of Agusan del Sur




 from his post af...
Agusan’s pre-hispanic cultural history is
     traced back to the great influence of the
     Majapahit Empire through the...
started settlements, leaving the forested areas                     has a total land area of 8,965.50 square
to other nati...
in the past five years because of the                     The education indicators of the province
     maternal care and ...
Figure 3. Agusan del Sur Growth Diamond
   The Human Development Index (HDI) of the
province has also improved. In 2003, t...
processing center; and nine wood processing          growth centers, their households then have
     plants, rattan semi-p...
Technology is the main thrust of the present
5. Infrastructure/Utilities/Facilities
                                      ...
Part 2.
                      Status Report
                      on the Millennium
                      Development Goal...
Table 2. Proportion and Magnitude of Households/Population Living Below Poverty   were suffering from poverty. The
 Thresh...
Figure 4. Proportion of Population Below Poverty Threshold, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005                On the ot...
Table 4. Poverty Gap Ratio

  On the other hand, San Francisco has the
lowest proportion among the municipalities
consider...
Figure 6. Poverty Gap by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005                         What’s more, poverty gap
             ...
Table 5. Employment Rate, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2006




           in seasonal acti...
Figure 8. Proportion of Households/Population Who Experienced Food Shortage                                 because its po...
every 100 households in the                       Figure 9. Prevalence of Underweight Children Under 5 Years of Age
provin...
children aged 0-5 years old. This is
                                                                                     ...
and corn production with corn sheller in
                                                                    San Nicolas, ...
services such as hospitals, schools, recreation
                                                      services. Most of al...
supplementation such as iron to pregnant                            with the assistance from the local government
women an...
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur
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Transcript of "MDGs Provincial Status Report 2010 Philippines Agusan Del Sur"

  1. 1. Province of AGUSAN DEL SUR 1 Philippines Fourth Progress Report on the Millennium Development Goals using CBMS Data - Province of Province of Marinduque
  2. 2. Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  3. 3. Foreword The Millennium Development Goal (MDG) Report of the Agusan del Sur province was made possible through the partnership with the PEP-Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) Network Coordinating Team, and with United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). This was conceptualized because of the initiative of the Philippine government to localize the MDG using the CBMS data. There are at least two reasons why the UNDP supported this project. The first reason is that while the progress of the country’s MDG is systematically measured, monitored, and reported at the national level, there is none being done at the local level. Another is to fill the gap in data at the regional level. According to Ms. Corazon Urquico of UNDP, there are disparities in terms of socio-economic situation existing among provinces, municipali- ties, and even down to barangays and CBMS data can highlight these differences and use the information as basis for actions and policies of local governments. Because it is the local government that is at the forefront of policy or program execution, it is crucial for it to identify the many faces of poverty at the local level. The province of Agusan del Sur is one of the nine pilot provinces of this technical col- laboration. One of the criteria in choosing the pilot provinces was that the province had conducted at least one round of the CBMS survey. This technical collaboration aims to enable these provinces to systematically measure, monitor, and report status toward the attainment of the MDGs. 3 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  4. 4. Acknowledgments “Whatever the mind of man can conceive and believe, it can achieve.” — Napoleon Hill This Millennium Development Goal (MDG) Report of the province is a product of the great minds of those who were involved in this technical collaboration. This provides a picture of the province’s poverty situation and the challenges that have to be addressed in the attainment of MDG goals. This is not a mere report; in fact, what matters most is what it can contribute to the development of our province and of our country as a whole. This achievement was made through the efforts of the Provincial MDG Team and its supportive partners. This shows that the Provincial Government of Agusan del Sur can work best with the partnership of other agencies and funding donors. Thus, this achievement is not ours alone, but also theirs. With this, we would like to express our heartfelt thanks to the following: To our provincial governor, Hon. Maria Valentina G. Plaza, who supported this project on the formulation of the Provincial MDG Report; To Dr. Celia Reyes, PEP Co-Director and CBMS Network Leader, together with her staff who continuously shared their time, skills, and knowledge from the beginning of the project to the end. Thank you, team, for being our mentors and partners from the start of CBMS implementa- tion in the province up until now; To Ms. Corazon Urquico, Team Leader of Poverty Reduction and Support for the MDGs of the United Nations Development Programme-Philippines; To NEDA, which also supported this project by providing inputs in the report; To our chief of office, Engr. Deanna P. Fudalan, whose insights made this report better; To everybody who had helped in the formulation of this report: every little thing you did meant a lot to us. MDG Team-Edna, Nep and Ofel 4 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  5. 5. Message The preparation of provincial MDGs reports is a critical step that Local Government Units (LGUs) have taken in the overall effort to localize the MDGs. As it is often said, the MDGs will be ‘won or lost’ at the local level given the conditions of uneven progress and disparities across regions and provinces in the country. Beyond the national averages, one can see wide disparities on the gains in poverty reduction, universal education, child mortality and maternal health. This situation reinforces the notion that the progress of each province is just as important as the achievements of the country as a whole. After all, the Philippines’ progress towards the MDGs, is the sum of the efforts and gains of all LGUs. By preparing provincial reports, LGUs are provided vital information on the status of the MDGs in their areas of influence. These reports are important sources of information for planning, resource allocation and priority setting that LGUs are tasked under their mandate of effective local governance. Likewise, in the course of the preparation of the reports, the capacity of LGUs to collect, monitor and use data for decision making has been greatly enhanced. The reports also show how far the Community Based Monitoring System (CBMS) that UNDP has supported can go in terms of its use. Against the backdrop of renewed optimism emanating from the new political leadership, this first set of nine Provincial Reports on the MDGs is a timely and important milestone. The reports provide crucial insights on how to overcome the constraints in achieving the MDGs locally as the country gears towards the last stretch to attain the eight goals by 2015. They also emphasize the important role of active collaboration of political leaders, stakeholders, and donors in achieving the MDGs. I wish to commend the nine Provincial Governments that prepared their reports – the Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Biliran, Camarines Norte, Eastern Samar, Marinduque, Romblon, Sarangani, and Siquijor Province – the Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) Network and the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) for working together in bringing about this important accomplishment. With this initiative, it is hoped that other provinces will follow suit to attain nationwide support for the need to accelerate the pace of the achievement of the MDGs by 2015. D J Dr. Jacqueline B d k li Badcock UN Resident Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative 5 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  6. 6. Message Republic of the Philippines PROVINCE OF AGUSAN DEL SUR OFFICE OF THE GOVERNOR The Provincial Government of Agusan del Sur (PGAS) continu- ously aims to reduce its poverty incidence. I believe that we can do so by identifying the many faces of poverty and improving the aspects of planning, program intervention, project implementation, and most of all, the assessment of the impact of all interventions. I know that poverty reduction will be made more possible through the collaboration of PGAS with its partner agencies and donors. I am very grateful, in fact, to our partners such as the PEP-CBMS Network Coordinating Team and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) for choosing our province tto be part of this technical collaboration on the preparation of status reports on the Millennium Develoment Goals (MDGs). The PGAS is also proud to present the provincial Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals using CBMS Data. This report can serve as a tool to systematically measure MDG indicators and present a provincial situationer which is the first big step toward the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It is my sincerest hope that this report will be used as a guide on how to link the province’s plans and programs to the national poverty reduction strategy. Let this report serve as an eye opener to everybody. In the words of Zig Ziglar: “When we can identify a problem and face the problem with confidence and enthusiasm, the solution is on the way.” MARIA VALENTINA G. PLAZA Provincial Governor 6 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  7. 7. Table of Contents Foreword ......................................................................................................... 3 Acknowledgments ............................................................................................. 4 Messages UN Resident Coordinator Dr. Jacqueline Badcock .......................... 5 Governor Maria Valentina G. Plaza.................................................. 6 Table of Contents .............................................................................................. 7 List of Acronyms ............................................................................................... 9 List of Tables .................................................................................................... 11 List of Figures .................................................................................................. 13 Executive Summary .................................................................................... 14 Part I. Provincial Profile 1. History ................................................................................................. 18 2. Geo-Physical Environment ................................................................... 21 3. Population & Social Environment .......................................................... 21 4. Local Economy .................................................................................... 23 5. Infrastructure/Utilities/Facilities ............................................................. 24 6. Local Institutional Capability ................................................................. 25 Part II. Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 1. Goal 1 - Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger ............................................... 26 2. Goal 2 - Achieve Universal Primary Education .................................................. 39 3. Goal 3 - Promote Gender Equality ................................................................. 48 4. Goal 4 - Reduce a Child Mortality .................................................................. 54 7 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  8. 8. Message 5. Goal 5 - Improve Maternal Health ................................................................. 59 6. Goal 6 - Combat HIV / AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases .................................. 62 7. Goal 7 - Ensure Environmental Sustainability ................................................... 67 8. Goal 8 - Development a Global Partnership for Development ............................ 76 Part III. Meeting the 2015 Challenge 1. Priority Programs and Policy Responses ................................................ 81 2. Financing the MDG ............................................................................. 86 3. Monitoring the MDG ........................................................................... 87 4. Conclusion and Recommendation ........................................................ 87 Explanatory Text ........................................................................................ 88 8 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  9. 9. List of Acronyms AEGP Agricultural Enhancement for Growth and Productivity APL Adaptable Loan Program ASELCO Agusan del Sur Electric Cooperative BAKAS Baka Alang sa Kalamboan sa Agusan del Sur BUGAS Boosted Utilization of Grains in Agusan del Sur CBMS Community-Based Monitoring System CBR Crude Birth Rate CDP Convergence Development Program CFAD Community Fund for Agricultural Development DFS Diversified Farming System ECCD Early Childhood Care and Development FMIS Financial Management Information System HDI Human Development Index HHs Households IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development IPs Indigenous Peoples IRS International Reference Standard ISDA Integrated Sustainable Development of Aquaculture MDGs Millennium Development Goals MINSAD Mindanao Settlement Sustainable Area Development MRDP Mindanao Rural Development Program NABCOR National Agribusiness Corporation NEDA National Economic and Development Authority NMCIREMP Northern Mindanao Initiatives and Resource Management Project NSCB National Statistical Coordination Board PACAP Philippines-Australia Community Assistance Program PAHRDF Philippines-Australia Human Resource Development Facility PEP Poverty and Economic Policy PGAS Provincial Government of Agusan del Sur 9 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  10. 10. List of Acronyms PLAKAT Pinagbuklod Lakas ng Kababaihan ng Trento PMIS Personnel Management Information System PRUTAS Program on Utilization of Trees in Agusan del Sur RPTIS Real Property Tax Information System SEDIS Socio-Economic Development Information System SELAP Support to Emergency Livelihood Assistance Program SIOPAO Systems Information of Provincial Agriculture Office TINA Tubig Imnonon Natong Agusanon TRANSC Transmission Company UNDP United Nation Development Programme 4Ps Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program 10 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  11. 11. List of Tables 1 Summary of Findings of MDG Indicators, Province of Agusan del Sur, 2005 2 Proportion and Magnitude of Households/Population Living Below Poverty Threshold, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 3 Proportion and Magnitude of Households/Population Living Below Food Threshold, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 4 Poverty Gap Ratio, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 5 Employment Rate, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 6 Proportion and Magnitude of Households/Population who Experienced Food Shortage, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 7 Prevalence of Underweight Children Under-Five Years of Age, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 8 Proportion and Magnitude of Children Aged 6-12 Years Old Enrolled in Elementary Education, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 9 Proportion and Magnitude of Children Aged 13-16 Years Old Enrolled in High School, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 10 Number of Government Secondary Schools, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur 11 Proportion and Magnitude of Children Aged 6-16 Years Old Enrolled in School, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 12 Literacy Rate, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 13 Ratio of Girls to Boys in Primary Education, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 14 Ratio of Girls to Boys in Secondary Education, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 15 Ratio of Girls to Boys in Tertiary Education, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 16 Ratio of Literate Females to Literate Males Aged 15-24 Years Old, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 17 Proportion and Magnitude of Seats Held by Women in Municipality and Province, Agusan Del Sur 18 Proportion and Magnitude of Children Aged 0 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 19 Proportion and Magnitude of Infants who Died, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 20 Proportion and Magnitude of Children Aged 1 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 21 Proportion and Magnitude of Women Deaths Due to Pregnancy-Related Causes, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 22 Contraceptive Prevalance Rate Among Couples, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 23 Proportion and Magnitude of Couples Using Condom Among those who are Practicing Contraception, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 11 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  12. 12. List of Tables 24 Death Rates Associated with Malaria, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 25 Prevalence and Death Rates Associated with Tuberculosis, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 26 Proportion and Magnitude of Households/Population with Access to Safe Water, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 27 Proportion and Magnitude of Households/Population with Access to Sanitary Toilet Facility, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 28 Proportion and Magnitude of Households/Population who are Informal Settlers, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur. 2005 29 Proportion and Magnitude of Households/Population Living in Makeshift Housing, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 30 Proportion and Magnitude of Households/Population Living in Inadequate Living Conditions, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 31 Number of Botika ng Barangays, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur 32 Proportion and Magnitude of Households with Landlines/Telephone Lines, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 33 Proportion and Magnitude of Households with Cell Phones, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 34 Proportion and Magnitude of Households with Computers, by Municipality and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2005 35 Economic Development Programs and Projects, Cost per Year (in Millions) 36 Social Development (Education) Programs and Projects, Cost per Year (in Millions) 37 Social Development (Health) Programs and Projects, Cost per Year (in Millions) 38 Social Development (Housing and Resettlement) Programs and Projects, Cost per Year (in Millions) 39 Social Development (Social Welfare) Programs and Projects, Cost per Year (in Millions) 40 Environmental Management Programs and Projects, Cost per Year (in Millions) 41 Infrastructure Development Programs and Projects, Cost per Year (in Millions) 42 Investment Summary 43 The CBMS-MDG Indicators and their Definition 44 Poverty and Food Thresholds 12 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  13. 13. List of Figures 1 Location of the Province of Agusan del Sur 2 Map of Agusan del Sur 3 Agusan del Sur Growth Diamond 4 Proportion of Population Below Poverty Threshold, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 5 Proportion of Population Below Food Threshold, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 6 Poverty Gap, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 7 Employment Rate, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 8 Proportion of Population who Experienced Food Shortage, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 9 Prevalence of Underweight Children Under-Five Years of Age, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 10 Proportion of Children Aged 6-12 Years Old Enrolled in Elementary Education, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 11 Proportion of Children Aged 13-16 Years Old Enrolled in High School, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 12 Proportion of Children Aged 6-16 Years Old Enrolled in School, by Municipality, Agusan Del Sur, 2005 13 Literacy Rate of 15-24 Year-Olds, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 14 Ratio of Girls to Boys in Primary Education, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 15 Ratio of Girls to Boys in Secondary Education, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 16 Ratio of Girls to Boys in Tertiary Education, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 17 Literacy Rate of 15-24 Year Olds, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 18 Proportion of Children Aged 0 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died, Agusan del Sur, 2005 19 Proportion of Infants who Died, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 20 Proportion of Children Aged 1 to Less than 5 Years Old who Died, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 21 Proportion of Women Death Due to Pregnancy-Related Causes, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 22 Contraceptive Prevalence Rate, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 23 Proportion of Couples Using Condom Among those who are Practicing Contraception, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 24 Number of Deaths Associated with Malaria, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 25 Prevalence and Death Rates Associated with Tuberculosis, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 26 Proportion of Population with Access to Safe Drinking Water, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 27 Proportion of Population with Access to Sanitary Toilet Facility, by Municipality, Agusan Del Sur, 2005 28 Proportion of Population who are Informal Settlers, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 29 Proportion of Households Living in Makeshift Housing, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 30 Proportion of Population Living in Inadequate Living Conditions, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 31 Proportion of Households with Landlines/Telephone Lines, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 32 Proportion of Households with Cell Phones, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 33 Proportion of Households with Computers, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 34 CBMS Coverage in the Philippines (as of May 12, 2010) 13 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  14. 14. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Agusan del Sur MDG Report used target of 100 percent. the 2005 data of the Community-Based • The ratio of girls to boys in secondary and Monitoring System (CBMS). This report tertiary education is 1.1, which is aligned with tracked the provincial government’s perfor- the 2015 national target. mance in the past years and the challenges • Proportion of children aged 0 to less than the political leaders, decisionmakers, and 5 who died was 0.8 (or 574 out of 73,078 development partners would be facing, and children), which is much lower than the the identified solutions to uplift the lives of the national target of 26.7 for 2015. poor majority. • Proportion of infants who died was only 1.9 percent (or 263 out of 13,786 infants. Agusan del Sur had had some good • Proportion of women deaths due to developments or gains (Table 1), but it also pregnancy-related causes was only 0.3 had some weaknesses that need to be percent, much lower than the 2015 national addressed by political leaders, program and target of 52.3 percent. project implementers, and various stakehold- • No death associated with malaria was ers. All should move toward a unified action reported. to achieve the MDG targets by 2015. • Proportion of land area covered by forests is 68.45 percent. This is the reason why the Good news province has never experienced a long dry • Proportion of underweight children under season. five years of age was 5.8 percent, which is • Proportion of households/population living much lower than the 2015 national target of as informal settlers was only 7.2 percent. 17.3 percent. • Literacy rates among population aged „Not So Good‰ News 15-24, or youths, was 97.0 percent, which is • Employment rate is high at 87.10 percent, but lower by only 3 percent than the 2015 national this is far from being good news because majority 14 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  15. 15. Table 1. Summary of Findings of MDG Indicators, Province of Agusan del Sur, 2005 15 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  16. 16. Table 1. (Continued) 16 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  17. 17. of the employed labor force were engaged in Posing Great Challenge agriculture, where employment is seasonal in nature; that is, jobs are only available during • Agusan del Sur is one of the poorest planting and harvesting seasons. provinces in the country with 69.6 percent of • Death rates associated with tuberculosis its total population below poverty threshold, was 6.9 percent. and 54.6 percent below the food threshold. • Proportion of children aged 6-12 enrolled Although Agusan del Sur is an agricultural in elementary was 73.8 percent, which is province, a high percentage of the popula- considerably lower than the 2015 national tion lies below the food threshold because target of 100 percent. bananas, camote and other root crops are • Cohort survival rate in elementary was not considered as food substitutes for rice and 54.32 percent, which is way below the national corn. The challenge now to political leaders is target of 100 percent for 2015. how to get their legislative and administra- • Proportion of elective seats held by women tive actions to focus more on the agriculture in municipalities and province was 20.2 sector so as to increase food production. percent---far lower than the national target The provision of irrigation systems and other of 50 percent by 2015. farming facilities, including inputs, must be • Proportion of births attended by skilled given top priority. health personnel was 54.69 percent, which • Cohort survival rate was only 54.32 is far lower than the national target of 100 percent, which is far below the national percent by 2015. target of 100 percent by 2015. Children • Proportion of households and population living in the farms stop schooling to help with access to safe drinking water were 66.4 their parents. Girls will take good care of percent and 66.2 percent, respectively, both their younger siblings, while boys help in of which are lower than the national target of the farms. 86.5 percent by 2015. • The proportion of children aged 13-16 • Proportion of households/population with years old enrolled in high school was only 50 access to sanitary toilet facilities were 78.2 percent. This low percentage poses another percent and 78.6 percent, respectively. challenge to the leaders and development • Proportion of households with telephones partners. Although tuition fee is free in public was 2.4 percent while those with cellular high schools, poor families have to still phones comprised 20.3 percent. shoulder other schooling-related expenses. 17 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  18. 18. Part 1. Provincial Profile 1. History become the second provincial governor. She was again re-elected in the next 1980 local 1.1. Political History election and would have continued her term until February 1986 had Marcos regime not The province of Agusan del Sur was born ended abruptly. The departure of Marcos on June 17, 1967 through Republic Act No. catapulted President Corazon C. Aquino 4979, which divides the province of Agusan as the new president of the Republic of the into Agusan del Norte and Agusan del Sur. In Philippines. During this time, Atty. Ceferino January 1970, the first set of provincial officials S. Paredes, Jr. was designated as the OIC assumed office. The same law provided that provincial governor of Agusan del Sur on the capital of Agusan del Sur shall be the March 3, 1986. municipality of Prosperidad, while the govern- ment center was set up in Barangay Patin-ay. In the first congressional election under the Aquino Administration, Congressman Hon. Rufino C. Otero was elected as the D.O. Plaza was re-elected as the province’s first provincial governor while Hon. Democrito representative to Congress, while OIC O. Plaza became the first Congressman in Governor Paredes was elected on January the November 1969 election. Congressman 18, 1988 as the province’s governor. Democrito Plaza would have continued his term until December 1973 had it not been On May 11, 1992, then-Governor Ceferino cut short after Martial Law was declared S. Paredes, Jr. became the province’s on September 21, 1972. When the Interim Representative to Congress while D. O. Plaza Batasang Pambansa re-convened in 1978, won as the provincial governor. They were Hon. Edilmiro Amante represented the again re-elected on May 9, 1995. province. When Governor D. O. Plaza died on In the local level, Governor Valentina G. September 2, 1995, Vice-Governor Alex G. Plaza, wife of former Congressman D.O. Bascug, M.D. succeeded as the governor of Plaza, won the governorship race in 1971 to the province. When Governor Bascug resigned 18 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  19. 19. Figure 1. Location of the Province of Agusan del Sur Figure 2. Map of Agusan del Sur from his post after filing his candidacy as Representative to Congress, Virginia M. Getes, the number one-elected Sangguniang Panlalawigan member, assumed the vacated post. O n M a y 11 , 19 9 8 , G ove r n o r Bascug was elected as the province’s Representative to Congress while Former Governor Valentina G. Plaza and Hon. Virginia M. Getes were re-elected In the May 2007 election, Congressman as governor and vice governor, respectively. Rodolfo Rodrigo G. Plaza again was re-elected. This would be his last term. Hon. On May 14, 2001, Congressman Rodolfo Maria Valentina G. Plaza, the younger sister Rodrigo G. Plaza won as the province’s of Former Governor Adolph Edward G. Representative to Congress. Former Valentina Plaza, was elected as governor, and former G. Plaza did not seek re-election in favor of Sangguniang Panlalawigan Member Hon. her son Adolph Edward G. Plaza, who had a Santiago B. Cane, Jr. ran as vice governor landslide victory over his opponents. Virginia without an opponent. M. Getes was re-elected as vice governor. 1.2. Historical Background Three years later, on May 11, 2004, Congressman Rodolfo Rodrigo G. Plaza, Agusan literally means “where the water Governor Edward G. Plaza, andVice Governor flows” after that great river that splits the land , Virginia M. Getes were re-elected through a from south to north in a 250 kilometer rush to landslide victory. the Butuan sea. 19 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  20. 20. Agusan’s pre-hispanic cultural history is traced back to the great influence of the Majapahit Empire through the discovery of an eight-inch tall image of a woman in pure gold at Maasam, Esperanza in the early 1920s and molten jars unearthed at Bahbah, Prosperidad in the early 1960s. The aborigines of Agusan were the ancestors of the present- day Mamanwas who were driven to the hinterlands by the waves of Malay immigrants from nearby Borneo, Celebes and Malaysia. These people, in turn, sought the protection of the interior jungles because of the forays and the constant raids of “Moro” pirates. The “Moros,” being a sea-faring people, confined 20 themselves to the coastal areas where they Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  21. 21. started settlements, leaving the forested areas has a total land area of 8,965.50 square to other native tribes. kilometers and is considered as the fourth largest province in the country. It comprises Th e co m i n g o f t h e S p a n i a rd s wa s 47.6 percent of the total land area of the around the same time as the visit of Rajah Caraga Region. The province is situated below Siagu, the ruler of Agusan, to his friend the typhoon belt. It has a Type II climate, where Rajah Humabon of Bohol. Together, they there is no dry season but maximum rain visited the ruling rajah of an island called period. Locally, theirs is affectionately called Limasawa where a fleet of Spanish galleons the “wet and very wet” season. commanded by a Portuguese navigator named “Feranao Magalhao” (Fernando 3. Population and Social Magallanes in Spanish) has just dropped Environment anchor. Expressing fervent hospitality characteristic of the Filipino natives, Rajah 3.1. Demography Siagu invited Magalhao to visit his place. On Easter Sunday, April 8, 1521, the first Based on the 2007 Census, the province mass in Agusan - and for that matter, in the has a total population of 609,447, which is the Philippines - was celebrated in what is now highest among the provinces in CARAGA. The called Magallanes (formerly Masao). population is projected to reach 691,211 in 2017. It has a growth rate of 1.19 percent and Agusan took up arms against Spain during a population density of 68 persons per square the revolution of 1898. After the signing of kilometer. The urban population comprises 27 the Treaty of Paris on December 10, 1898, the percent of the total, while rural population is 73 Americans took over the civil government. percent. The population of indigenous people Under the Americans, the dream of indepen- is 33 percent of the total population based on dence and self-government continued the 2005 CBMS data. Children comprise half to haunt the Filipinos, and Agusan was of the total population. again actively campaigning to drive away the conquerors---this time, against 3.2. Social Americans. Bolos and spears were no match to the Americans’ powerful guns Th e C r u d e B i r t h Ra te ( C B R ) o f t h e and in January 1900, Agusan yielded. The province has been fluctuating from 2003 peaceful road toward self-government to 2007. The CBR in 2007 is 21.9 percent fo l l owe d , c u t s h o r t by t h e Ja p a n e s e per 1,000 population. The incidence of occupation in December 1941. Liberation death in the province is not alarming. The came in 1946. Crude Death Rate in 2007 is only 1.84 percent. The Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) 2. Geo-Physical Environment per 1,000 live births is only 4.2 percent and has decreased in the past five years. The province is located in North Eastern While the under-five Mortality Rate per Mindanao. It is a landlocked area with an 1,000 children aged 0-4 years old is only elongated basin formation, and with mountain 1.14 percent, the Maternal Mortality Rate ranges in the eastern and western sides. It is 0.89 percent and has also dropped 21 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  22. 22. in the past five years because of the The education indicators of the province maternal care and services provided. show an increasing trend during the two Th e h e a l t h p ro g ra m o n fe e d i n g o f school years 2004-2005 and 2006-2007. malnourished children has greatly contrib- For SY 2006-2007, note the 33 percent uted to lowering the incidence of malnutri- enrolment under the Early Childhood Care tion in the province. The 2007 prevalence and Development Program for aged 3-5 years rate of malnutrition among children aged old children. The participation rate in elemen- 0-5 years old in the province dipped to tary is 74.95 percent; that in the secondary 16.46 percent from 24.44 percent in 2003. school is 44.14 percent. The achievement rate Another health program of the province is in the elementary level is 69.49 percent while the immunization activity, which hit 91.25 it is 55.93 percent in the secondary schools. percent immunized children in 2007. The drop-out rate has been decreasing at both the elementary and secondary levels, bringing Programs such as providing access to safe about a positive impact to the province. The drinking water and access to sanitary toilet drop-out rate in the elementary and secondary facility also helped improve the health condition schools for SY 2006-2007 is 5.93 percent and of the populace. The number of households 17.57 percent, respectively. served with potable water rose from 73 percent in 2005 to 77 percent in 2007. However, there Agusan’s social infrastructure support are still municipalities with less access to potable includes five public hospitals, two private water such as Loreto, La Paz, and Veruela. On hospitals, 14 rural health units, 132 barangay the other hand, there is a remarkable improve- health stations, 203 day care centers; 3,092 ment in the access to sanitary toilet (from 72.53% classrooms in elementary schools and 1,736 in 2004 to 76% in 2007). rooms in secondary schools. 22 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  23. 23. Figure 3. Agusan del Sur Growth Diamond The Human Development Index (HDI) of the province has also improved. In 2003, the HDI stood at only 0.494, making the province hit the 69th rank among the provinces in the country. In 2006, the HDI has increased to 0.556, bringing the province to the 57th rank. Based on NSCB data, the poverty incidence in 2006 is 48.7 and the poverty threshold is P14,544. There is a disparity in the data at the regional level because, as cited by Ms. Corazon T. Urquico of UNDP, there are stark inequalities between provinces in a region, municipalities in a province, and barangays in a municipality in terms of poverty incidence. As 2005 CBMS data show, the highest incidence of poverty in the province is in river towns such as San Luis, Loreto, and La Paz. These municipalities also show low school participation of children 6-16 years old. Only about 74.95 percent of respectively. The municipality of Trento tops the the proportion of children aged 6-12 years old list as producer of rice in the province. Other are enrolled in elementary schools, while only common crops produced in the province are 44.14 percent are in secondary schools. Some coconut, oil palm, and banana, while the factors that contribute to these are the poor major forest products are falcata, mahogany, road conditions and less access to schools gmelina, rattan, and agsam. The province is especially for those who live in far-flung also rich in mineral resources such as gold, barangays (villages). silver, and copper. 4. Local Economy For a more focused economic develop- ment, the provincial government identi- Because agricultural land comprises 46 fied the growth centers. These identi- percent of the province’s total land area, the fied growth centers or municipalities, people’s major economic activity is farming. when connected, will form a diamond Agricultural land with a 0-18 percent slope is (Figure 3), which is called the “growth suitable for inland fish, crops, and livestock. diamond” Recently, these growth centers . About 21 percent of the land has a slope of have also been called the Convergence 19-30 percent and is therefore suitable for Development Area (CDA), wherein each agroforestry. CDA is composed of municipalities and has its own functional roles. Based on the 2005 CBMS, 63 percent of households are engaged in crop farming The four growth centers are Bayugan, San and gardening. Rice and corn are the major Francisco, Trento, and Talacogon. They have crops produced. In 2007, they covered a land one corn processing plant; two palm oil area of 29,551 hectares and 27,232 hectares, mills; one banana chip processor; one kaong 23 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  24. 24. processing center; and nine wood processing growth centers, their households then have plants, rattan semi-processing center, and more opportunities for employment. Other goldsmiths. municipalities, such as San Luis, have a high Bayugan City, the only component city of the employment rate but their poverty incidence province, belongs to CDA 1. It assumes the role of is likewise high. processing zone and is the major producer of rice, corn, vegetables, coconut, fruits, and flowers. San Tourism activities in the province include Francisco is considered the primary commercial bird watching; boating and lake hopping in center and service of the province and belongs Agusan Marsh; river cruising in Gibong River; to CDA 2. On the other hand,Trento would serve mountain trekking at Mt. Diwata; spelunking as the food production zone and the commercial, in Puting Buhangin and waterfalls; discovering industrial, and service center, and belongs to the cultural heritage of the Higaonon Tribe in CDA 3. Talacogon, which is under CDA 4, has Esperanza; and organic farming in Esperanza managed to become the wood processing center and Trento. The province also has tourism of the province. potentials in such activities as kayaking in the Agusan Marsh; canopy walking at Mt. The province has an employment rate of Diwata; and spelunking in Lucac Caves. 85.5 percent, according to the 2005 CBMS study. Veruela and San Luis have the highest The province’s financing institutions include employment rate among the municipalities two government banks, two commercial at 92 percent, followed by Talacogon at banks, and 33 rural banks. Rural banks serve 90 percent, and Bayugan at 89 percent. as lending institutions to the poor farmers in Because both Talacogon and Bayugan are the province. 24 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  25. 25. Technology is the main thrust of the present 5. Infrastructure/Utilities/Facilities administration under the leadership of Honorable Governor Maria Valentina G. The province has 188 units of bridges in Plaza. In fact, the province has an ICT different barangays and municipalities. It scholar who graduated in Australia under has a total road length of 3,361 kilometers, the Philippine-Australia Human Resource of which 638.320 kilometers are provincial Development Facility (PAHRDF) Program. The roads. There are 12,000 hectares irrigated newly developed system of CBMS is part of out of 48,000 hectares irrigable area. this development plan. The company TRANSCO is the source of electricity of the province, while ASELCO is There are several employees who were in-charge of the power distribution through- trained on database management under the out the province via its three substations in PAHRDF short-term training program. As a Bayugan, San Francisco, and Trento that result, several databases were established transmit a total of 20 MVA. Based on 2007 such as System Information of the Provincial data, 95 percent of the barangays already Agriculture Office (SIOPAO), Socio-Economic receive electricity while 65 percent have Development Information System (SEDIS), and been served with potable water. Environment and Natural Resources Database (ENRDB). PGAS has also maintained several 6. Local Institutional Capacity systems such as Financial Management Information System (FMIS), Real Property Tax Agusan del Sur is a first-class province Information System (RPTIS), and Personnel with a total income of PhP729 million in 2007 Management Information System (PMIS). (Provincial Accounting Office, Agusan Del Sur). It had a total Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA) Another program in partnership with of PhP652 million in 2007. The total number of PAHRDF is the creation of a pool of trainers PGAS employees for the same year was 1,859, who will be responsible for in-house trainings. broken down into 882 permanent staff, 454 It has already conducted several trainings such casual employees, and 523 job orders. as Dare2Serve, Understanding PGAS, and Get Your Message Across. The Provincial Government of Agusan del Sur has eight development agenda: The province had conducted a strategic Peace and Order; Economic Development; planning session in preparation for the Health and Sanitation; Education and Sports re-organization. Likewise, the Sangguniang Development; Social, Cultural and Tourism Panlalawigan members have passed Development; Moral and Spiritual Renewal; Ordinance No. 39-2009, the guideline Ecological and Environment Protection; and pertaining to its re-organization that started Information, and Communication Technology in June 2009. (ICT). Information, and Communication 25 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  26. 26. Part 2. Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger Target 1.A: Halve between 1990 and The first aim of the MDG is to eradicate 2015, the proportion of people whose extreme poverty and hunger. There are six income is less than one dollar a day. CBMS indicators used as correspondence to MDG indicators of poverty. These are A. Status and Trends proportion of population with income below poverty threshold, poverty gap, proportion of 26 26 Proviince f Agusan Del Sur Province of Agusan Dell Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  27. 27. Table 2. Proportion and Magnitude of Households/Population Living Below Poverty were suffering from poverty. The Threshold, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2006 poverty gap of the province is estimated to be 33.3 percent. This implies that the province has high mean shortfall from the poverty line. In contrast, the employment rate of the province is a high 85.9 percent but poverty is high, too. This is because the people are engaged mostly in agricultural activities that are seasonal in nature. Moreover, most of the populace is working as farm laborer on a per-day basis and earn low income. There are nine municipalities with higher poverty incidence compared to the provincial figure of 69.4 percent. These are San Luis, Loreto, La Paz, Sibagat, Esperanza, Sta. Josefa, Veruela, Talacogon and Rosario. San Luis has the highest incidence of poverty among its population, followed by Loreto and La Paz. These municipalities are classified as river towns with poor road conditions. Economic population who experienced food shortage, activities are dependent on forest and farm employment rate, and prevalence of products, and the populace has less opportu- underweight children less than 5 years of age. nity for employment. Loreto comes in second in terms of poverty incidence because its Proportion of Population Living households’ main source of income is small- Below Poverty Threshold scale farming that is rain fed. Moreover, Loreto has inaccessible farm-to-market roads. Based on the 2005 CBMS data, the province’s poverty incidence is, 69.4 percent The households of La Paz are also engaged of the population or a total of 384,409 people in small-scale farming with limited accessibility. 27 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  28. 28. Figure 4. Proportion of Population Below Poverty Threshold, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 On the other hand, Figure 4 shows that rural areas always have high poverty incidence than urban areas in all municipalities of the province. La Paz has the highest poverty incidence among the urban areas, followed by Rosario and Esperanza. Among the rural areas, San Luis has the highest poverty incidence, followed by Loreto and Sibagat. Proportion of Households/Population Living Below Food Threshold There remains nine munici- palities with higher proportion of population whose income is below the food threshold when compared to the provincial figure of 54.6 percent. These are San Luis, Loreto, La Paz, Sibagat, Sta. Josefa, Esperanza, Rosario, Figure 5. Proportion of Population Below Food Threshold, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 Talacogon, and Veruela. San Luis registered the highest proportion of population with income below the food threshold. This is followed by Loreto and La Paz. Most households in La Paz have low income, which is not enough to meet their basic needs, especially food. This is because they can hardly market their farm products due to either poor road condition or no existing roads. Consequently, they are forced to sell their products at lower prices because the buyers experi- ence difficulty in transporting their products to urban areas. 28 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  29. 29. Table 4. Poverty Gap Ratio On the other hand, San Francisco has the lowest proportion among the municipalities considering that it is one of the growth centers in the province. Business establishments such as internet café, hotels and groceries, government and private banks are present in the municipality. Poverty Gap Ratio Poverty gap is the mean shortfall of popula- tion from the poverty line, which relates with the poverty incidence. San Luis and Loreto continue to have the highest poverty gap of 0.5. San Francisco ranks the lowest in terms of poverty gap. This implies that the depth of poverty in San Francisco is lesser compared to other municipalities. Source: CBMS Survey 2005 29 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  30. 30. Figure 6. Poverty Gap by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 What’s more, poverty gap measures the capita amount of resources needed to eliminate or reduce the poor’s shortfall from the poverty line to zero, through perfectly targeted cash transfers. In Table 4, the poverty gap per-capita is reflected by municipality. In terms of income gap per-capita per year (Table 2.), San Luis again ranks the highest at PhP8,616.90. This is followed by Loreto and La Paz with PhP8,155.50 and PhP7,401.80, respectively. The lowest is in San Francisco with PhP5,682.60. As a growth center, the municipality boasts of commercial and industrial establishments. Figure 7. Employment Rate, by Municipality, Agusan del Sur, 2005 Target 1.B: Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people Employment Rate There are six municipalities with employment rates lower than the provincial figure of 85.5 percent. These are La Paz, Prosperidad, Loreto, Bunawan, Esperanza, and Sta. Josefa. Veruela has the highest employ- ment rate, followed by San Luis and Talacogon. Veruela tops other municipalities in terms of employ- ment rate because 83 percent of the households are engaged in crop farming and gardening. Most of the populace engages 30 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  31. 31. Table 5. Employment Rate, by Municipality, by Sex and by Urban/Rural, Agusan del Sur, 2006 in seasonal activities such as planting and On the other hand, La Paz has the lowest harvesting of palay. employment rate considering that it has no business establishments and less economic It is ironical that San Luis ranks second activity is done because of poor road in terms of employment rate, but still has condition. The poor households in far-flung the highest poverty incidence among the barangays are difficult to reach. municipalities. It has a high employment rate because 34 percent of the households Proportion of Households/Population are engaged in forestry (it ranks second Who Experienced Food Shortage in forestry among the 14 municipalities). However, poverty remains a main problem There are five municipalities with higher because its people are dependent on forest proportion of population who experienced products (at the time of the conduct of this food shortage compared to the provincial survey, it was harvest time for timber) and figure of 14 percent. These are Veruela, are less engaged in crop farming. Also, the Esperanza, La Paz, Loreto, and Sibagat. poor have less job opportunities due to lack of education. These can be employed as Veruela has the highest proportion of seasonal laborers, but only at a very low population who experience food shortage, rate. Based on the 2005 CBMS study, 83 followed by Esperanza and La Paz. Veruela percent of the total households in Veruela has the highest figure because its residents are engaged in crop farming. Moreover, only consider rice or corn---not root crops such most of the people are working as laborers as sweet potato “camote” and banana---as in the farm, and in forestry. full meals. La Paz experiences food shortage 31 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  32. 32. Figure 8. Proportion of Households/Population Who Experienced Food Shortage because its populace’s average family size of six members per household is higher than other municipali- ties’ five members. Prevalence of Under- weight Children Under 5 Years of Age Subsistence incidence (or popula- tion living below food threshold) in 2005 was placed at 54.60 percent., Roughly, about 49 out of 32 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  33. 33. every 100 households in the Figure 9. Prevalence of Underweight Children Under 5 Years of Age province are considered as core poor in 2005. This means that the per capita annual incomes of these households are not sufficient to buy their basic food requirements hence it is not surprising that 14 percent of population experienced food shortage. The prevalence of underweight children under five years old is estimated at 5.8 percent for the province. Moreover, the incidence of underweight children among girls is higher than boys in the province. Although the incidence of malnutrition is low as this is being addressed 33 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  34. 34. children aged 0-5 years old. This is followed by Trento and San Francisco. La Paz also has the highest number of underweight children based on the Provincial Health Office data in 2006, followed by Loreto and San Luis. The reason for in La Paz’s high prevalence rate of malnutrition is because malnourished children, especially those in far-flung barangays, are not monitored properly. Moreover, the poverty incidence among those in rural areas is high, which greatly contributes to the high prevalence of malnutrition. B. Current Policies and Programs The province has implemented Daing making is the main source of livelihood for the poor households various strategies and programs to uplift the standard of living of the poorest households such as giving by the active barangay nutrition program, basic social services to those household where scholars are given a modest honorar- whose monthly income is PhP3,500 and ium and constantly monitored by the health below; providing livelihood project under the personnel, the province remains steadfast on Diversified Farming System (DFS), a locally- its aim to reduce the number to zero.. funded program for households with a monthly income of PhP3,500 to PhP6,500. The DFS Trainings on backyard gardening, nutrition targets 26,653 households until 2015 and will and nutritious food preparation were conduct- cost a total of PhP1.27 billion.San Luis has the ed in the barangay with assistance from the highest poverty incidence among the munici- Justice, Peace, and Integrity of Creation- palities despite the various programs already Integrated Development Center, Inc. and in in place: The Mindanao Rural Development partnership with the provincial, municipal and Program (MRDP), Convergence Development barangay officials. Program, and Diversified Farming System, to name three. This plight persists because There are six municipalities with higher prevalence the programs were found to not reach the of malnutrition than the provincial figure of 5.8 poorest households in far-flung barangays percent. These are La Paz, Trento, San Francisco, due to the bad road condition. La Paz and Sibagat, Prosperidad, and Loreto. Loreto also have high poverty incidences but these municipalities are not recipients of MRDP Based on the 2005 CBMS data, La Paz has and Convergence Development Programs. the highest prevalence rate of underweight In fact, fewer projects are poured into these 34 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  35. 35. and corn production with corn sheller in San Nicolas, Talacogon. The Northern Mindanao Community Initiatives and Resources Management Project (NMCIREMP) is another poverty alleviation project with an infrastructure component. The loan assistance is provided by the International Fund for Agricultural Development. The goal of NMCIREMP is to reduce the vulnerability and to enhance food security of agrarian reform beneficiaries, upland farmers, fisher folks, and municipalities although they had just been indigenous people. included in the Diversified Farming System Project. The Support to Emergency for Livelihood Assistance Program (SELAP) under the The province has also implemented the Department of Agriculture is a poverty Philippine-Australia Community Assistance alleviation program with a total cost of PhP13 Program (PACAP) and its PhP78 million million, of which PhP9 million is allocated for budget from 2005 to 2010. The program is livelihood projects and PhP4 million goes to a poverty alleviation project with small infra infrastructure projects. Other Department implemented through nongovernmental of Agriculture -funded programs are the organizations of the Agusan Focus Community Boosted Utilization of Grains in Agusan del Assistance Program (FOCAS). This project is Sur (BUGAS), Program on Utilization of funded by the AUSAID. Trees in Agusan del Sur (PRUTAS), Integrated Sustainable Development of Aquaculture The MRDP is a program funded by the (ISDA), Baka Alang sa Kalamboan sa World Bank. Adaptable Program Loan Agusan del Sur (BAKAS), and Agricultural 1 (APL 1) projects were implemented in Enhancement for Growth and Productivity 2000-2006, and APL 2 were implemented (AEGP). The assistance came in the form of in 2007 up until 2012. It includes infrastruc- seed and fertilizer inputs, which boosted the ture projects and the Community Fund surplus production of clean rice at 87,809 for Agricultural Development (CFAD), metric tons in 2008; packets of farm equipment which provides livelihood projects to such as rice thresher, power tiller with engine. small farmers. One project under the The province provided its counterpart funding MRDP APL 1 that has been sustained is for these projects. the cattle raising program in Cecilia, San Luis. Projects that were sustained under As one of the poorest provinces and conflict APL 2 were the vegetable production with areas, Agusan del Sur is also a recipient of a marketing facility in Awao, Sta. Josefa; KALAHI Projects. As of 2009, a total of 30 corn production with draft animals in projects were implemented and undertaken by Aurora, Sta. Josefa; post-harvest facilities the Engineering Brigade of the Philippine Army with draft animals in Marbon, Talacogon; with a total project cost of PhP61.2 million. 35 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur
  36. 36. services such as hospitals, schools, recreation services. Most of all, the project will facilitate the transport of agricultural crops and other economic activities. Another program that contributed to the development of the province is the Mindanao Settlement and Sustainable Area Development (MINSSAD), which has constructed and improved 163.64 kilometers of farm-to-market roads amounting to PhP335 million, installed 396 units of shallow tube wells or STW irriga- tion projects amounting to PhP70.60 million, and constructed the Veruela Jumbo Bridge and eight other bridges located in Prosperidad, Projects include: Rehabilitation of roads and San Francisco, San Luis, and Talacogon in bridges, construction/improvement of water the amount of PhP58.20 million. This program system, construction of day care centers, and has been implemented by the Provincial school buildings, and electrification. These Government of Agusan del Sur under the are all based on the priority needs of the Provincial Engineering Office, together with community. Other related projects are the the Department of Agrarian Reform and KALAHI CIDDS, which is being implemented Department of Public Works and Highways. by the DSWD regional office; and the KALAHI GEM. There is an ongoing concreting of the 14,897 kilometers of NRJ Awa-Los Arcos-Lianga Road The province, in partnership with the (connecting Prosperidad, Agusan del Sur and Department of Agriculture and the National Lianga, Surigao del Sur), which has started Agribusiness Corporation (NABCOR), on March 7, 2009 and costs PhP396.914 established the Corn Post-Harvest Processing million. Another is the completion of the 20 and Trading Center in Pagkain ng Bayan, kilometers of Hawilian-Salug-Sinakungan Mabuhay, Bayugan in 2009 and is expected Road of Esperanza at a total project cost of to process production from 1,000 hectares PhP90 million. per cropping. This will help solve the problem on the very low buying corn price offered by The province has been continuously private traders, and will encourage farmers implementing nutrition programs such as to produce more, thereby increasing their feeding of malnourished children, extensive income, and uplift their living condition. promotion of exclusive breastfeeding up to six months, health and nutrition information On the infrastructure side, the Tulay ng education campaign, growth monitoring and Pangulo Project has helped ease the residents’ development of under five children; referral access paths from the barangay to munici- of malnourished children to Nutri-hut Village, palities and to other provinces and allowed Operation Timbang using the International them to avail these other places’ social Reference Standard (IRS), micronutrient 36 Province of Agusan Del Sur Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data
  37. 37. supplementation such as iron to pregnant with the assistance from the local government women and vitamin A to 6-71 months units (LGUs). children, deworming of pre-schoolers (1-6 years old), and promotion of iodized The province should also support economic salt. These greatly contributed to lower enterprises to increase employment and job prevalence of underweight children aged opportunities for the people. 0-4 years old in the province. There are 191 health and nutrition posts established by 2. Construction of farm-to-market roads and the community. Parents/caregivers avail the other infra support facilities comprehensive health and nutrition services To further increase economic activities from trained health workers such as the within the municipality as well as the province, barangay heath workers and the barangay Agusan del Sur should prioritize the develop- nutrition scholars. ment of farm-to-market roads, especially in far-flung barangays. Agricultural production C. Challenges / Priorities/Recommendations facilities and capital, including markets, should be provided to boost agricultural production, 1. Identifying the poorest households and including continuous education to farmers. provide basic social services and livelihood opportunities 3. Provision of health and sanitation programs The top three municipalities with high The province should continue to implement poverty incidence should be given intervention feeding programs among malnourished programs such as livelihood projects for poor children to solve the prevalence of underweight households. Moreover, road maintenance and children. development projects should be prioritized in these areas so as to improve access and to On health and sanitation, LGUs should reach the poor households. prioritize the construction of toilet facilities for about 30 percent of total households with no Based on the poverty gap study, the poor access to sanitary toilets. This will help solve populace of San Luis should be given cash the problem on the spread of schistoso- transfers worth a total of P36.4 million, while miasis, which has been affecting low-income Loreto needs P38.0 million; and La Paz, P22.8 communities in Agusan del Sur. million. The Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) should focus on these areas Target 2.A: Ensure that, by 2015, 37 Status Report on the Millennium Development Goals Using CBMS Data Province of Agusan Del Sur

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