UNOY Youth Advocacy

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United Network of Young Peacebuilders Advocacy Powerpoint done by Andrea Duran

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  • Diverging expectations Good intentions, but unrealistic commitment Limited opportunities for meeting face-to-face Bursts of energy amongst members High turn-over amongst interns and volunteers Remaining questions: How to make network more representative and democratic? How to advocate for the network as a whole? Finding good balance (structures & membership requirements vs. Loose/ flexible/ dynamic network)
  • Diverging expectations Good intentions, but unrealistic commitment Limited opportunities for meeting face-to-face Bursts of energy amongst members High turn-over amongst interns and volunteers Remaining questions: How to make network more representative and democratic? How to advocate for the network as a whole? Finding good balance (structures & membership requirements vs. Loose/ flexible/ dynamic network)
  • Concept emerged from the International Congress in the Minds of Men organized by UNESCO in 1989. UNESCO constitution: “since war begin in the minds of men, it is in the minds of men that the defences of peace must be constructed” Resolution 51/101 (1996) entitled “Culture of peace” “ While the abolition of war, more than ever a scourge, must remain at the centre of the priorities of mankind, this task requires the transformation not only of its institutional structures and manifestations, but also of its deep cultural roots and of the culture of violence and war into a culture of peace” 1. The Overarching Culture of Peace Programme - The annual resolution on the Culture of Peace is still not universally supported, especially not by the European Union and the JUS CANZ [1] countries. - Transparency is lacking and there is insufficient action being taken by institutions and member states of the United Nations towards implementing the resolution There is insufficient cooperation with youth and civil society, and attention on youth in the implementation of the Culture of Peace 1. The Overarching Culture of Peace Programme - Greater cooperation between civil society, and member states and institutions of the United Nations, for the Programme of Action, with a particular focus on youth - Support for the recommendations of the Global Youth report including the Global Youth Solidarity Fund and Programme - The mainstreaming of the Culture of Peace at all levels - Increasing the co-sponsorship of the annual resolution, and especially the EU and JUS CANZ countries [1] The group of countries, as they are known within the UN: Japan, United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand Individual elements of a culture of peace: non-violence, respect for human rights, respect and solidarity among all peoples and dialogue between cultures, the linkage of peace to democratic participation and sustainable development, the free flow and sharing of information and knowledge, contribution to conflict-prevention and post-conflict peace-building, and equality between women and men, all best supported through projects in which people take an active role in transforming their values, attitutdes and behaviours 1999 Declaration and Programme of Action on a Culture of Peace. http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/53/243&Lang=E
  • UNOY Youth Advocacy

    1. 1. United Network of Young PeacebuildersYouth Advocacy
    2. 2. United Network of Young PeacebuildersWhat is Advocacy? www.unoy.org
    3. 3. United Network of Young PeacebuildersWhat is Advocacy? A conscious effort and process to influence the people which make policy. (Cox, 2009) www.unoy.org
    4. 4. United Network of Young PeacebuildersWhat is Advocacy? Advocacy is the umbrella for a number of activities. •Lobbying: •Campaigning: www.unoy.org
    5. 5. United Network of Young PeacebuildersWhat is Advocacy? Advocacy is the umbrella for a number of activities. •Lobbying: the act of influencing policy makers towards a special interest. •Campaigning: an organized plan set for a particular goal or purpose which in general seeks to attract public interest. This motivates more people to become part of the cause. (Cox, 2009) www.unoy.org
    6. 6. United Network of Young PeacebuildersWhy do Advocacy? www.unoy.org
    7. 7. United Network of Young PeacebuildersWhy do Advocacy? • Article 21 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: ‘Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives.’ • Supports development work to impact current policy making • Focuses on root and structural causes of issues • Feeds into other areas of NGO work to increase visibility • Ensures participation and representation of all key stakeholders www.unoy.org
    8. 8. United Network of Young PeacebuildersWho does Advocacy: www.unoy.org
    9. 9. United Network of Young PeacebuildersWho does Advocacy: There are three options as to who can do the advocacy •Advocacy done for main stakeholders •Advocacy with main stakeholders •Advocacy by main stakeholders www.unoy.org
    10. 10. United Network of Young PeacebuildersPeople-Centred Advocacy • Focus on the grassroots level to help main stakeholders become the leaders and voice of their own advocacy. • This helps increase Voice and Accountability • Voice: Can be formal or informal and expressed through • Complaints, organized protest, lobbying, participating in decision making. • Accountability: Described by the UNDP as “the requirement that officials answer to stakeholders on the disposal of their powers and duties, act on criticisms or requirements made of them and accept (some) responsibility for failure, incompetence or deceit" www.unoy.org
    11. 11. United Network of Young PeacebuildersWho to speak with? www.unoy.org
    12. 12. United Network of Young PeacebuildersWho to speak with? Map out Activity •Targets •Audience: (direct or indirect target) •Allies •Opponents •Other players: organizations working in the same field www.unoy.org
    13. 13. United Network of Young PeacebuildersFollow-up The path towards implementation is supported by follow-up activities. •Pressure must be continuously applied •These activities further create accountability from the policy makers. •Build and strengthen relationships with the decision makers •Create public awareness of what has been done (not done) to create urgency (Cox, 2009) www.unoy.org
    14. 14. United Network of Young Peacebuilders (Cox, 2009) www.unoy.org
    15. 15. United Network of Young PeacebuildersWhat are the Challenges to Advocacy? www.unoy.org
    16. 16. United Network of Young PeacebuildersWhat are the Challenges to Advocacy? → Evaluating effectiveness → How do we asses our own impact? → There must be critical ongoing evaluation → Look at previous case studies → Do the efforts justify the invested finances and resources? → Ensuring the involvement of ALL stakeholders → The main stakeholders should always be involved → There is a current lack of attention on youth as stakeholders → Impact the strength of the campaign → Understanding the targets and their underlying cognitions, motivations and resources → What do the policy makers believe? → What are their motivations? → What power do they hold? www.unoy.org
    17. 17. United Network of Young PeacebuildersUNOY Advocacy Since 1993, UNOY Peacebuilders has promoted the role of youth peacebuilding, in line with the UN Declaration for the Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non-violence for the Children of the World (2001-2010). Advocacy activities try to influence the agendas and programs of governmental and inter-governmental institutions such as the UN and the EU, and non-governmental organisations in relation to their involvement with youth as protagonists and partners. www.unoy.org
    18. 18. United Network of Young PeacebuildersUNOY Advocacy Participates in numerous events at the UN in Geneva put together by UN agencies, State Missions to the UN, or NGOs on the topics of: •Culture of peace •Youth movements •Cultural heritage •Human right to peace •Rights of the child •The right to education. www.unoy.org
    19. 19. United Network of Young PeacebuildersUNOY Advocacy Youth Advocacy Team •2005, 2006, 2007, 2012 •Global Youth Team advocating at the UN or the EU to promote the role of youth in peacebuilding.  In NY 2005-2006 to highlight the role of youth in the Decade for a Culture of Peace  In 2007 met with Dutch and EU policy makers on issues about a Culture of Peace and Peace Education  In 2007 recommendations for the United Nations Secretary General’s Study on Violence against Children  In 2012 in NY for a UN Security Council Resolution on Youth, Peace and Security www.unoy.org
    20. 20. United Network of Young PeacebuildersReferences Cox, J. (2009). Participatory advocacy: A toolkit for VSO staff, volunteers and partners. VSO. UNDP POGAR.Transparency and accountability. Retrieved, 2012, from http://www.undp-pogar.org/governance/transparency-and-accountability.a www.unoy.org
    21. 21. Advocacy SimulationAdvocates Policy MakersApplies to all groups: Applies to all roles:• Give your organization a name• Think about the context your organization • Consider the context which you are is functioning in working in: – Country? – Urban/rural? • What are your main priorities? – Youth led? • Who are your allies? – Are you advocating for a group or are • Is there something you can’t stand? you actually part of that group • yourselves Is there an issue (or several) that you are very passionate about? – Based on what have you defined your advocacy targets • How did you end up in the position you are in now?• Why are you advocating for what you are • You will represent a policy maker working advocating for? What is your motivation? Use the expertise you have gained in in the same country as the advocate these fields during your summer school which approaches you. This means that the country will change depending on the advocate you speak with, however, your• Further specify and define your advocacy goals and opinions do not change. goal and set up sub-goals

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