Management and Provisioning of M2M Devices and Applications


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Management and Provisioning of M2M Devices and Applications, presentation by Musa Unmehopa (chairman of the Technical Plenary at the Open Mobile Alliance) to CommunicAsia 2012 conference in Singapore, 19 June 2012.

Remote device management and provisioning of all these M2M devices
will be a critical aspect to support this tremendous growth opportunity.

Connecting, provisioning and managing all these billions of M2M devices will unlock
tremendous potential to provide innovative and exciting applications.

Check out the OMA API Program at

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Management and Provisioning of M2M Devices and Applications

  1. 1. Management and Provisioning of M2M Devices and ApplicationsMusa UnmehopaTechnical Plenary Chairman, OMA SingaporeDirector of Standards, Alcatel-Lucent 19 June 2012
  2. 2. M2M devices outnumber mobile devices by an order of magnitude • Analysys Mason: Forecasts that the number of M2M device connections will grow to 2.1 billion devices in 2020 [1] • Machina Research: Number of M2M connections will grow to 12 billion in 2020 [2] • GSMA: Estimates that there will be 20 billion devices connected to the web by 2020 [3] • Another way of looking at this: There will be more M2M devices shipped each year than PCs, cell phones, tablets, set-top boxes, and gaming platforms put together [4]Remote device management and provisioning of all these M2M deviceswill be a critical aspect to support this tremendous growth opportunity
  3. 3. Commercially deployed on a global scale According to deployment information from OMA members, OMA has now achieved commercial deployment of 1.4 Billion devices implementing the Firmware Update Management Object enabler
  4. 4. OMA DM already being used for M2M applications• For example – Press release, May 21st 2012 – Sprint, Metrum, Tollgrade Make Smart Grid Smarter – Enabling smart meters with wireless connectivity• Both Metrum and Tollgrade have completed Open Mobile Alliance (OMA) Device Management (DM) certification, allowing utilities to manage assets and infrastructure, ideally suited for large-scale deployments. This method of “over the air” management and activation enables a rapid configuration processes and efficient use of the wireless network. “Over the Air” management and activation enables rapid configuration of devices and efficient use of network resources. Ideally suited for large-scale deployments
  5. 5. OMA Device Management
  6. 6. OMA position and focus – how to manage billions of devices OMA recognizes the need for current OMA Device Management technology to evolve - first to connect, then to manage application and service layer standardization requirements • Technology needs to evolve from traditional mobile devices networks to heterogeneous networks that support both mobile and M2M devices • Technology needs to support devices on heterogeneous networks through a Gateway • Technology needs to support M2M devices as a gateway for other devices • Technology needs to support provisioning and management protocol for constrained devices • Technology needs to support provisioning and management protocol for constrained connectivity • Provisioning and Management of M2M devices • Connecting the Internet to the Physical World A natural extension of OMA DM through Gateway over lightweight M2M protocol can address these challenges
  7. 7. OMA Firmware Update Management Object (FUMO) • Defines the management tree objects, DM commands, messages and mechanisms necessary to download firmware update packages and to upgrade the firmware of already deployed devices – Remote provisioning of new and used devices – In-the-field feature deployment – Over-The-Air firmware upgradesApproved in 2007
  8. 8. OMA Converged Personal Network Service (CPNS) • OMA CPNS enables interaction with in-home M2M services and applications, using CPNS connections between personal networks and the CPNS Server. This allows for remote control, monitoring and content delivery – Bridge personal networks and cellular networks/WANs – Allows remote control, monitoring and content delivery to in-home devices, when you’re not directly connected to personal network – Allows any smart device to acts as Personal Network GW – CPNS enables the extension of Internet-based services to M2M devices and home appliances GwMO: Manage M2M Devices through a gateway GwMO CPNS: Use device as a gateway to manage other devices CPNSV1 Approved in May 2011V1.1 targeted for Fall 2012
  9. 9. OMA DM Gateway Management Object (GwMO) • Facilitates interaction between a management server and a management client when: – Direct and unaided interaction between server and client is not possible – Device does not have a publicly routable address – Device may be sitting behind a firewall – Device supports a management protocol other than OMA-DMApproved in March 2012
  10. 10. OMA Lightweight M2M Mobile Service Enabler • The need for a lightweight protocol for M2M – support capability constrained M2M devices – data collection and remote controlling without complex computing and UI operations – optimize network resources; very large numbers of devices may be connected to the communication network simultaneously • Requirements – Compact protocol for combined service manipulation & management – Binary based addressing scheme instead of URI – Flat data model for efficient data access – Simple protocol level authentication – Simple Digest based authentication & authorization – Support transport level security mechanism – IP (TCP, UDP) & Non-IP Transport (SMS, USSD, CSD) • Work in process, scheduled for completion end of 2012 – First step was Gap Analysis; ETSI, 3GPP, IETF CoAP, OMA DMApproval targeted for beginning of 2013
  11. 11. OMA M2M Device Classification • M2M device classification framework based on the horizontal attributes – wide area communication interface – local area communication interface – IP stack, human I/O capabilities – persistent configuration storage • Independent of vertical markets – such as smart grid, connected cars, e-health, smart home, etc. • A common classification helps to avoid overlap and facilitate coordination related to M2M standardization – M2M device management and service protocols, methods, and procedures can be systematically analyzed for re-usability and incrementally developed for the gaps in handling the M2M device classes not fully addressed by existing standardsApproval targeted for 2H 2012
  12. 12. OMA Application Programming Interfaces
  13. 13. Where does the revenue come from? M2M may represent a good growth opportunity overall for MNOs – but not in terms of traffic revenue M2M generated 1.2% of mobile data revenue in 2010, falling to 0.8% in 2013, before rising to 1.4% in 2020 (Machina Research [2])Connecting, provisioning and managing all these billions of devices will unlock tremendous potential to provide innovative and exciting applications
  14. 14. Device API - Open Connection Manager API• Local applications on the device can use the Open Connection Manager API to manage connectivity and connections – Cellular network connection management – Wi-Fi connection management and WLAN authentication – Network selection – Power management (hibernation, standby) – Push service configuration on the device side – Etc• Applicable to different types of devices requiring mobile Internet access – Broadband devices, wireless routers, Smartphones, Tablets, M2M devices, etc devices
  15. 15. Device API - DM Client-Side API Framework • Defines APIs to enable local applications on a device to access the Management Objects supported by the OMA DM Client resident on the device: – Local application registration/unregistration with the DM Client, for notification on updates of existing Management Objects – Retrieval of Management Object and its parameters by the local application – Management Object update by the local application – Local application interaction with the DM Client Management Objects • DM Management Objects and the DM protocol: – Configure connectivity – Update firmware – Diagnose problems – Monitor performance – Install and update software – Lock and wipe personal data – Manage device capabilities – Schedule and automate device management tasks • Interfaces defined using WebIDLApproved in October 2011
  16. 16. OMA and their Industry Partners
  17. 17. OMA and the Industry Landscape• OMA welcomes the formation of oneM2M – oneM2M may provide the overall framework and overview of M2M (e.g. high level architecture) – oneM2M may provide a role for coordination of M2M organizations both inside and outside oneM2M – subject to a review of the oneM2M partnership agreement, OMA is minded to become a oneM2M member – OMA seeks to cooperate with and support the M2M objectives of oneM2M – OMA currently is, and intends to continue, as a major provider of M2M enabling technologies• Home Environment Services Workshop – The Broadband Forum, DECT Forum, Home Gateway Initiative, Open IPTV Forum, Forum Forum Initiative Forum Open Mobile Alliance and the Small Cell Forum held a successful workshop to investigate shared issues and opportunities to enhance support of services in the home – Need management and provisioning of rapidly diversifying range of devices – Recognize the need to cooperate around these shared interest areas Industry coordination and harmonization
  18. 18. Thank You
  20. 20. References• [1] _devices_forecast/• [2] – M2M Global Forecast and Analysis 2010-20• [3]• [4] Image credits: • Jerry Maguire © 1996 TriStar Pictures, Inc. All Rights Reserved. • 18
  21. 21. OMA DM Management Objects Architectural DiagramsYankee & SMI, Musa Unmehopa and Axel Ferrazzini
  22. 22. OMA – OverviewMore than 135 members from across the mobile value chain• Founded June 2002• Operators, terminal and software vendors, content and entertainment providersInteroperable service enablers across multiple domains• Architecture, Security, Charging and Network APIs• Person-to-Person Communications• Device Capabilities• Access to Content• Services Access Interface• Service CustomizationCurrent and Ongoing Technical Deliverables – more detail in presentation• 44 service enablers delivered in 2010 with 80 planned for 2011• Ongoing refinement of interoperability testing program with Test on Demand in Q3 2011• API Framework—building on success of GSMA OneAPI and Parlay affiliation• M2M Communications—enabling terminals as gateways and converged personal networksNew and improved organizational structures and efficiencies• Fast track process for omitting or combining steps and deliverables in OMA Process• Min Max procedure for an alternative path to traditional testing of every OMA enablerCollaboration with other bodies—including WAC, GSMA, W3C & ETSI• Reduce duplication and fragmentation• New strategic program of liaisons with appointed Board level champions to other bodies• OMA maintains formal cooperation agreements or frameworks with nearly 50 industry bodies
  23. 23. OMA – Organizational Structure