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Understanding islam


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  • 1. Understanding IslamUnderstanding IslamIshaq ZahidIshaq Zahidzahidi@citadel.eduzahidi@citadel.edu
  • 2. OutlineOutline Introductory RemarksThe Basics of FaithRituals-Forms of WorshipMuslim Students in Your ClassroomSome Quotations from Quran and HadithQuestions/Answers
  • 3. IntroductoryIntroductoryRemarksRemarksNo Compulsion in ReligionChristians and Jews as the People ofthe Book
  • 4. World MuslimsWorld Muslims• 1.2 billion, Muslims represent between19.2% and 22% of the worldspopulation.• One of every five humans in the worldis a Muslim• Second largest religion in the world• Fastest growing including Europe andAmerica
  • 5. World Distribution of MuslimsAfrica 308,660,000 27.4%Asia 778,362,000 69.1%Europe 32,032,000 2.8%Latin America 1,356,000 0.1%North America 5,530,000 0.5%World 1,126,325,000 100%Source: Britannica Yearbook, 1997
  • 6. American MuslimsAmerican Muslims6 million (The New York Times, Feb.21, 1989)About 40% Afro-AmericanNot all Muslims are Arabs, Not allArabs are Muslims
  • 7. The Basics of FaithThe Basics of FaithBelief in One God (Allah)Belief in ProphethoodAll the Divine Books as revealed by God tovarious prophetsAngels, Life after Death and the Day ofJudgment, Heaven and Hell
  • 8. Allah – One GodAllah – One GodAllah is the Arabic name for God used byMuslims of the world as well as ArabChristians.Say: He is God, the One and Only; God,the Eternal, Absolute; He begets not, nor isHe begotten; And there is none like untoHim. (The Quran, Surah 112)
  • 9. Prophets and ScripturesProphets and Scriptures SOME PROPHETS: Adam, Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Ishaq,Jacob (Israel), Joseph, Benjamin, Moses, Aaron, David, Solomon,Zakareya, John, Jesus, Muhammad. (peace be on them) BOOKS: Torah, Zabur (Psalms), Injeel (Gospel), Quran Belief in ALL prophets of God Source of All Books is God Main Message of all Prophets: Islam
  • 10. Prophet MuhammadProphet Muhammad Descendant of Ishmael, the first son of Abraham. Born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, in the year 570 C.E. Received first revelation at the age 40 through angel Gabriel. Died in the year 632 C.E, after preaching Islam for 23 years. GEORGE BERNARD SHAW said about him:"He must be called the Saviour of Humanity. I believe that if a man like him were toassume the dictatorship of the modern world, he would succeed in solving itsproblems in a way that would bring it much needed peace and happiness."(The Genuine Islam, Singapore, Vol. 1, No. 8, 1936)
  • 11. Quran: The Holy BookQuran: The Holy Book Original intact as given by theProphet in Arabic 23 Years of Revelations (610 -632 C.E.) 114 Chapters; One Chapter,Multiple Revelations Chapter (Surah) names Historic Context matters Verses Explain Verses Commentary needed in thelight of Arabic, History, and
  • 12. Forms ofForms ofWorshipWorshipPrayers (Salah)Charity (Zakat)Fasting ( Ramadan)Pilgrimage (Hajj)
  • 13. Prayers (Salah)Prayers (Salah) Five Daily Prayers from Dawn to Late Eveningregulate a Muslim’s day Prayers involve ablution, standing, bowing,prostrating, sitting postures Face Kabah, prayers in Arabic as taught by theProphet. Additional Prayers optional
  • 14. Charity (Zakat)Charity (Zakat) 024.056 So establish regular Prayer and giveregular Charity; and obey the Apostle; thatye may receive mercy. (The Quran)Required 2.5% charity on yearlysavings
  • 15. Fasting (in Ramadan)Fasting (in Ramadan) 002.183 O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed to youas it was prescribed to those before you, that ye may(learn) self-restraint. (The Quran) Ramadan is 9th month in Islamic Lunar calendar Daily dawn to sunset fast for 29/30 days (no food ordrink) Eidul-Fitr Holiday at the end
  • 16. Hajj (Pilgrimage)Hajj (Pilgrimage) Pilgrimage to Makkah once in life time for able Muslims About 2-3 million Muslims perform Hajj each year fromall over the world. Eidul-Adha: the biggest Muslim Holiday
  • 17. Muslim Students in YourMuslim Students in YourClassroomClassroom Ramadan, Eidul-Fitr Eidul-Adha, Hajj Head scarves by Muslim girls Christmas and Halloween are not Muslim religiousholidays Dating, Prom are not permitted Sex Education: abstinence out of marriage sex and homosexuality are grave sins
  • 18. FoodFood002.172 O ye who believe! Eat of the good things that Wehave provided for you, and be grateful to God, if it is Himye worship.Forbidden:• Meat of animals found dead• blood• the flesh of swine• Alcoholic beverages (such as beer and wine) and intoxicants• Meat on which name of God is not invoked at time of slaughteringor meat on which some one else’s name is invokedPermitted: food of the People of the Book
  • 19. MOTHERSMOTHERSThe Quran elevates kindness to parents (especially mothers) toa status second only to the worship of Allah.Your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him and thatyou be kind to parents. Whether one or both of them attainold age in your life, say not to them a word of contempt norrepel them, but address them in terms of honor. (Quran17:23)And We have enjoined on every human being (to be good) tohis/her parents: in travail upon travail did his/her motherbear him/her and in years twain was his/her weaning: (hearthe command) "Show gratitude to me and to your parents: toMe is (your final) destiny." (Quran 31:14)
  • 20. DAUGHTERSDAUGHTERS Prophet Muhammad (Peace be on him) said,Whosoever has a daughter and does not bury heralive, does not insult her, and does not favor his sonover her, Allah will enter him into Paradise.(Ahmad)
  • 21. Human Rights inHuman Rights inIslamIslamProphet Muhammad (PBUH) said:"No Arab has any superiority over a non-Arab, nor does a non-Arab have anysuperiority over an Arab. Nor does awhite man have any superiority over ablack man, or the black man anysuperiority over the white man. You areall the children of Adam, and Adam wascreated from clay"
  • 22. Justice in IslamJustice in IslamThe Holy Quran says:"Do not let your hatred of a people inciteyou to aggression" (5:2)."And do not let ill-will towards any folkincite you so that you swerve fromdealing justly. Be just; that is nearest toheedfulness" (5:8).
  • 23. Repel Evil with GoodnessRepel Evil with Goodness 041.034 Nor can goodness and Evil be equal. Repel(Evil) with what is better: Then will he betweenwhom and thee was hatred become as it were thyfriend and intimate! 003.134 Those who spend (freely), whether inprosperity, or in adversity; who restrain anger, andpardon (all) men; for God loves those who do good.
  • 24. Suicide is a GraveSuicide is a GraveSinSinO ye who believe! Eat not up yourproperty among yourselves in vanities:But let there be amongst you Traffic andtrade by mutual good-will: Nor kill (ordestroy) yourselves: for verily God hathbeen to you Most Merciful! (Quran,4:29)
  • 25. Questions and AnswersQuestions and AnswersSurah Al-Fatehah(Chapter 1: The Opening)1. In the name of Allah, MostGracious, Most Merciful.2. Praise be to Allah, the Cherisherand Sustainer of the worlds;3. Most Gracious, Most Merciful;4. Master of the Day of Judgment.5. Thee do we worship, and Thineaid we seek.6. Show us the straight way,7. The way of those on whom Thouhast bestowed Thy Grace, thosewhose (portion) is not wrath,and who go not astray.