The obligation of   da’wah
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The obligation of da’wah

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Fatima Khan

Fatima Khan

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The obligation of da’wah Presentation Transcript

  • 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE MOST BENEFICENT, THE MOST MERCIFUL.IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE MOST BENEFICENT, THE MOST MERCIFUL.THE OBLIGATION OFTHE OBLIGATION OFDA’WAHDA’WAHBy Fatimah KhanBy Fatimah Khan‫الدعوية‬ ‫المفكرة‬www.dawahmemo.com
  • 2. Allah [swt] says in the Qur’an,Allah [swt] says in the Qur’an,““Invite all to the way of your lord [i.e. Islam] with wisdomInvite all to the way of your lord [i.e. Islam] with wisdomand beautiful preaching, and argue with them in a way thatand beautiful preaching, and argue with them in a way thatis better”. [Surah Nahl -125]is better”. [Surah Nahl -125]““And who is better in speech than he who invites to AllahAnd who is better in speech than he who invites to Allahand does righteous deeds, and says: ‘I am one of theand does righteous deeds, and says: ‘I am one of theMuslims.” [Surah Ha-Mim-33]Muslims.” [Surah Ha-Mim-33]Calling people towards Allah also means completing our ownCalling people towards Allah also means completing our ownworship, the reason for which we are created. It is one of theworship, the reason for which we are created. It is one of thenoblest acts that entails a high reward.noblest acts that entails a high reward.
  • 3. Do we really believe that Da’wah is ourDo we really believe that Da’wah is ourobligation?obligation?Reflect over this Surah which we reciteReflect over this Surah which we reciteeveryday? [Al Asr]everyday? [Al Asr]By the time,By the time,Verily, man is in loss,Verily, man is in loss,Except those who believe [in Islamic monotheism]Except those who believe [in Islamic monotheism]andand do righteous deeds,do righteous deeds,andand recommend one another to the truth [to perform all kind of goodrecommend one another to the truth [to perform all kind of gooddeeds; Al Maroof which Allah has ordained, and abstain from all kindsdeeds; Al Maroof which Allah has ordained, and abstain from all kindsof sins and evil deeds Al Munkar, which Allah has forbidden]of sins and evil deeds Al Munkar, which Allah has forbidden]andand recommend one another towards patience [for the sufferings, harmsrecommend one another towards patience [for the sufferings, harmsand injuries which one may encounter in Allahs cause during preachingand injuries which one may encounter in Allahs cause during preachingthis way of life of Islamic monotheism or jihad].this way of life of Islamic monotheism or jihad].
  • 4. Did you reflect?Did you reflect?Did you noticeDid you notice WhyWhy the word “the word “AndAnd” has been repeated so many” has been repeated so manytimes in the Surah?times in the Surah?If fulfilling just one of the criteria was enough for us, theIf fulfilling just one of the criteria was enough for us, therepeated word would have been “repeated word would have been “OrOr”.”.This implies that fulfilling each criteria is aThis implies that fulfilling each criteria is a mustmust to hope forto hope forJannahJannah. [or we will be one of the losers]. [or we will be one of the losers]So, apart from believing, and doing righteous deeds, we should alsoSo, apart from believing, and doing righteous deeds, we should alsocall one another to the truth, and towards patience, i.e., docall one another to the truth, and towards patience, i.e., doDawah.Dawah.Do we hope for Jannah, without fulfilling our obligations?Do we hope for Jannah, without fulfilling our obligations?
  • 5. There are also many related Ahadeeth:There are also many related Ahadeeth:‘‘ConveyConvey what you have received from me, even if it is onewhat you have received from me, even if it is oneverse’. [Bukharee].verse’. [Bukharee]. Conveying a message therefore does not require aConveying a message therefore does not require ahigh level of scholarship, it is in fact a responsibility of each and everyhigh level of scholarship, it is in fact a responsibility of each and everyMuslim, according to his or her ability.Muslim, according to his or her ability.‘‘Whoever hides knowledge, Allah will brand him with theWhoever hides knowledge, Allah will brand him with thebranding iron from the hellfire’. [Ahmed]branding iron from the hellfire’. [Ahmed]‘‘If one of u sees a wrong, let him change it with his hand, andIf one of u sees a wrong, let him change it with his hand, andif he is unable then with his tongue, and if he is unable thenif he is unable then with his tongue, and if he is unable thenwith his heart. And that is the weakest of faith’.with his heart. And that is the weakest of faith’.‘‘Whoever guides [another] to a good deed will get a rewardWhoever guides [another] to a good deed will get a rewardsimilar to the one who performs it’ [Saheeh Muslim]similar to the one who performs it’ [Saheeh Muslim]
  • 6. Some Muslims say:Some Muslims say:We areWe arepracticingpracticingMuslimsMuslimsbut,but,Da’wah isDa’wah isnot ournot ourresponsibiliresponsibility.ty.““Allah commanded Jibrael to destroy a cityAllah commanded Jibrael to destroy a citybecause of the evildoers therein. Jibrael said,because of the evildoers therein. Jibrael said,“O Allah, there is a person in the city who has“O Allah, there is a person in the city who hasnever disobeyed you. Allah said, destroy him asnever disobeyed you. Allah said, destroy him aswell, because he was not offended by theirwell, because he was not offended by theirevildoing”evildoing”If there were people committing sins and peopleIf there were people committing sins and peoplewho had the power to stop them, but did not dowho had the power to stop them, but did not doso, then Allah would punish both parties beforeso, then Allah would punish both parties beforetheir death.their death.
  • 7. Some Muslims say:Some Muslims say:First, we shouldFirst, we shouldimprove our ownimprove our owncommunity, andcommunity, andthen tell others.then tell others.Prophet MuhammadProphet Muhammad[saw] couldnt convince[saw] couldnt convincehis only uncle, Abuhis only uncle, AbuTalib. But it did notTalib. But it did notstop him from doingstop him from doingDawah to others !Dawah to others !It is much easier to tell Muslims, as they don’t retaliate much [e.g., whenwe tell them about hijab, salah, beard etc]. But we are afraid that if wetell Non-Muslims, they will retaliate, ask questions, argue ! We don’twant to do our homework, make effort etc, and make excuses to escapethe obligation and still hope for Jannah?
  • 8. Some muslims say: [contd.]Some muslims say: [contd.]““LakumLakumdeenukum,deenukum,wali ya deen”.wali ya deen”.‘To u is your‘To u is yourway, to me isway, to me ismine ‘ [Surahmine ‘ [SurahAl Kafirun]Al Kafirun]This is quoted out of context toThis is quoted out of context toagain escape from our obligation.again escape from our obligation.This Surah is referring to thoseThis Surah is referring to thosewho reject faith. The question ofwho reject faith. The question ofrejecting faith arises only whenrejecting faith arises only whenwe have delivered the message inwe have delivered the message inthe first placethe first placeSo, whom are we deceiving?So, whom are we deceiving?
  • 9. Some muslims say: [contd.]Some muslims say: [contd.]““La ikrahaLa ikrahafi deen”.fi deen”.“There is no“There is nocompulsioncompulsionIn Religion”.In Religion”.[Al Baqarah[Al Baqarah-256]-256]Of course No Compulsion. But only afterOf course No Compulsion. But only afterfirst delivering the message. On the dayfirst delivering the message. On the dayof judgment, the Mushrik will say –of judgment, the Mushrik will say –these were our neighbors, our colleagues,these were our neighbors, our colleagues,our friends who were Muslims - they didour friends who were Muslims - they didnot inform us, so how are we to blame?not inform us, so how are we to blame?So, we too will have to followSo, we too will have to followthem to hell.them to hell.
  • 10. Now, if we are convinced of theNow, if we are convinced of theobligation of Da’wah, lets move to someobligation of Da’wah, lets move to someQualities we need to have as a DaaieQualities we need to have as a DaaieKnowledgeKnowledge:: to call the people to the way ofto call the people to the way ofAllah with Knowledge, and not with ignorance.Allah with Knowledge, and not with ignorance.Lets beware of giving Da’wah while being in aLets beware of giving Da’wah while being in astate of ignorance. Some pious people have said,state of ignorance. Some pious people have said,“Give knowledge [of Deen] everything you have,“Give knowledge [of Deen] everything you have,it will give you some of what it has”.it will give you some of what it has”. Lets askLets askourselves, how much will it give us, if we onlyourselves, how much will it give us, if we onlygive it our spare / leisure time?give it our spare / leisure time?
  • 11. Some Qualities we need as a DaaieSome Qualities we need as a Daaie[contd.][contd.]SinceritySincerity:: it is waajib upon the Daa’ie toit is waajib upon the Daa’ie tohavehave IkhlaasIkhlaas for the sake of Allah [swt]. He /for the sake of Allah [swt]. He /She should not be desiring to show the people, orShe should not be desiring to show the people, orto have a good image, nor should he desire theto have a good image, nor should he desire thepraises and rewards of the peoplepraises and rewards of the people
  • 12. Some Qualities we need as a DaaieSome Qualities we need as a Daaie[contd.][contd.] The beautiful style of speechThe beautiful style of speech :: thethe DaaieDaaie isisresponsible for acquiring a respectable level of languageresponsible for acquiring a respectable level of languageproficiency, to effectively convey the message. It is worthy toproficiency, to effectively convey the message. It is worthy tonote that all evil channels of communication convey itsnote that all evil channels of communication convey itsmischief, deceit, delusion, and falsehood through adornedmischief, deceit, delusion, and falsehood through adornedspeech. The Daa’ie is more entitled to use this, to call for thespeech. The Daa’ie is more entitled to use this, to call for thetruth.truth. Brevity and eloquenceBrevity and eloquence in conveying the Message.in conveying the Message. Use parables and similitudeUse parables and similitude to make it more interesting.to make it more interesting. Clarity and repetitionClarity and repetition when necessary.when necessary. Gestures & visual aidsGestures & visual aids definitely make an impact.definitely make an impact.
  • 13. Some Qualities we need as a DaaieSome Qualities we need as a Daaie[contd.][contd.] AkhlaaqAkhlaaq:: Be gentle and patient, and moderateBe gentle and patient, and moderatein Da’wah, while dealing with people. Beware ofin Da’wah, while dealing with people. Beware ofharshness , as it will make them distant, notharshness , as it will make them distant, notclose, and causes separation, not unity. Ourclose, and causes separation, not unity. Ourwords need to have an affect on their hearts.words need to have an affect on their hearts. The best believers are those with theThe best believers are those with the bestbestcharacter.character. Don’t favourDon’t favour a group of people over others.a group of people over others.
  • 14. Some Qualities we need as a DaaieSome Qualities we need as a Daaie[contd.][contd.]PerseverancePerseverance:: Dawah will test us in manyDawah will test us in manysituations [situations [afflictions, temptations, and obstacles]afflictions, temptations, and obstacles] that try tothat try tolure us off from our mission. A Daa’ie should have alure us off from our mission. A Daa’ie should have apraiseworthy personality and an excellent behaviour,praiseworthy personality and an excellent behaviour,calling to patience. A Daa’ie should be sincere incalling to patience. A Daa’ie should be sincere inDa’wah, and strive in spreading truth amongst theDa’wah, and strive in spreading truth amongst thepeople, and keep them away from falsehood. And withpeople, and keep them away from falsehood. And withthat, we should supplicate for guidance for them .that, we should supplicate for guidance for them . [May[MayAllah guide u, grant u the ability to accept the truth.Allah guide u, grant u the ability to accept the truth.May he help u with acceptance of the truth. [hidaakMay he help u with acceptance of the truth. [hidaakallah wa faqak allah li qubool al haqq aanak allah alaaallah wa faqak allah li qubool al haqq aanak allah alaaqubool al haqq]qubool al haqq] The Daa’ie should not despair, or haveThe Daa’ie should not despair, or havehopelessness, or say anything except that which is good.hopelessness, or say anything except that which is good.He should not say a statement which might causeHe should not say a statement which might causeaversion to the truth.aversion to the truth.
  • 15. Some Qualities we need as a DaaieSome Qualities we need as a Daaie[contd.][contd.]Practice what we preachPractice what we preach:: We shouldWe shouldnot call to something and then not do itnot call to something and then not do itourselves, which are the conditions of theourselves, which are the conditions of thelosers.losers.
  • 16. Some Qualities we need as a DaaieSome Qualities we need as a Daaie[contd.][contd.]Deliver the Message, and leave the restDeliver the Message, and leave the restto Allahto Allah.. We must remain firm in ourWe must remain firm in ourexpectation, and hope for the good. We shouldexpectation, and hope for the good. We shouldnot despair in the effect of our call, nor about thenot despair in the effect of our call, nor about theguidance of people we call to. We should notguidance of people we call to. We should notdespair about the aid and the help of Allah, evendespair about the aid and the help of Allah, evenif a long time passes.if a long time passes.
  • 17. Some Qualities we need as a DaaieSome Qualities we need as a Daaie[contd.][contd.]We need to use wisdom and tact,We need to use wisdom and tact,especially when informing someone notespecially when informing someone notto continue in a prohibited act.to continue in a prohibited act. This isThis isnot easy today, as people have come to regardnot easy today, as people have come to regardsome prohibited acts as simply ordinary, andsome prohibited acts as simply ordinary, andcannot understand the objection to it. Hikma iscannot understand the objection to it. Hikma isrequired to make people see the error of theirrequired to make people see the error of theirways.ways.
  • 18. Some Qualities we need as a DaaieSome Qualities we need as a Daaie[contd.][contd.]We shouldWe should find out the interests of the peoplefind out the interests of the people,,and make conversation with them around theirand make conversation with them around theirinterests.interests.We should provide literature according to theirWe should provide literature according to theirinterests. E.g.interests. E.g.A doctor could be given Maurice Bucaille’s “TheA doctor could be given Maurice Bucaille’s “TheBible, The Qur’an, and Science]Bible, The Qur’an, and Science]A lawyer could be given books on Islamic Law,A lawyer could be given books on Islamic Law,etc.etc.
  • 19. Some Qualities we need as a DaaieSome Qualities we need as a Daaie[contd.][contd.]We shouldWe should win the hearts of the peoplewin the hearts of the people with thewith thelight of Islam, by simple measures such aslight of Islam, by simple measures such asInviting them to our home, preparing food forInviting them to our home, preparing food forthem, being polite, and well mannered etcthem, being polite, and well mannered etc..
  • 20. Some Qualities we need as a DaaieSome Qualities we need as a Daaie[contd.][contd.]We shouldWe should be constant in Da’wahbe constant in Da’wah. Results often. Results oftentake place only after some time, and so we shouldtake place only after some time, and so we shouldbe aware of the stamina, efforts, and thebe aware of the stamina, efforts, and thepatience that is requiredpatience that is required..
  • 21. Some Qualities we need as a DaaieSome Qualities we need as a Daaie[contd.][contd.]Strong will and confidence:Strong will and confidence: It’s desirable toIt’s desirable toexhibit a strong will, positive self-confidence,exhibit a strong will, positive self-confidence,and the capacity to control emotionsand the capacity to control emotions..
  • 22. Some Qualities we need as a DaaieSome Qualities we need as a Daaie[contd.][contd.]Posing questionsPosing questions:: This will often stimulateThis will often stimulatethought and sharing of ideas. Rewarding thethought and sharing of ideas. Rewarding theright answers will encourage eager participationright answers will encourage eager participation..
  • 23. Realize that:Realize that:People learn in different ways.People learn in different ways. Researchers confirmResearchers confirmthat some people learn from what they see, somethat some people learn from what they see, somelearn from what they hear, while some prefer tolearn from what they hear, while some prefer toread. People’s acceptance of a concept alsoread. People’s acceptance of a concept alsodepends on their scope of intellect, culturaldepends on their scope of intellect, culturalbackground, or their field of operation. All thesebackground, or their field of operation. All thesediverse factors call for various methods ofdiverse factors call for various methods ofDa’wah dissemination - that appeals andDa’wah dissemination - that appeals andstimulates peoples interests, senses and needsstimulates peoples interests, senses and needs..
  • 24. ALWAYS REMEMBER!ALWAYS REMEMBER!Guidance is from Allah.Guidance is from Allah. Our job is only to conveyOur job is only to conveythe message in a clear way. We should not worrythe message in a clear way. We should not worryif people do not agree or listen to us. Shaytaanif people do not agree or listen to us. Shaytaanwill use this fact to establish resignation andwill use this fact to establish resignation andhopelessness in our hearts, and make it appearhopelessness in our hearts, and make it appearthat we could funnel our efforts elsewhere.that we could funnel our efforts elsewhere.BewareBeware !!
  • 25. Remember the priorityRemember the priorityDawah should start with fundamental issues,Dawah should start with fundamental issues, before proceedingbefore proceedingwith those that are less central. The oneness of Allahwith those that are less central. The oneness of Allah[Tawheed][Tawheed] is the beginning and the end. Each deed should beis the beginning and the end. Each deed should beconnected with it. Muslims argue over subsidiary matters,connected with it. Muslims argue over subsidiary matters,and give more attention to some voluntary forms of worship,and give more attention to some voluntary forms of worship,neglecting those that are obligatory. This neglect with regardsneglecting those that are obligatory. This neglect with regardsto priorities has resulted in muslims losing their faith, theto priorities has resulted in muslims losing their faith, thesource of their strength. The present weakness is used by thesource of their strength. The present weakness is used by theenemies of Islam to further prolong the current state ofenemies of Islam to further prolong the current state ofaffairs. The only form of Islam encouraged by the enemies ofaffairs. The only form of Islam encouraged by the enemies ofIslam, and the secularists to practice is the one which onlyIslam, and the secularists to practice is the one which onlycelebrates occasions, involves in bidah, etc.celebrates occasions, involves in bidah, etc. So PrioritizeSo Prioritize..
  • 26. Prioritizing in differentPrioritizing in differentsituationssituations Keep the situation in mindKeep the situation in mind :: While there is a needWhile there is a needto warn people against the deviations of the nation ofto warn people against the deviations of the nation ofIslam in North America, that is really of little importanceIslam in North America, that is really of little importancein Bosnia, or Pakistan. Similarly, there are differentin Bosnia, or Pakistan. Similarly, there are differentshirk-Practices in different places that need to beshirk-Practices in different places that need to becorrected.corrected. Da’wah also depends upon whether the people beingDa’wah also depends upon whether the people beingaddressed are Atheists, Polytheists or the People of theaddressed are Atheists, Polytheists or the People of theBook.Book. Previously, people had to be called towards Monotheism,Previously, people had to be called towards Monotheism,away from idolatry, now a days, there is more need toaway from idolatry, now a days, there is more need toinvite people to the existence of Allah, as Atheism andinvite people to the existence of Allah, as Atheism and
  • 27. Ask yourselfAsk yourselfHow do our efforts compare with those of the prophet [saw]How do our efforts compare with those of the prophet [saw]and his companionsand his companions??How many good deeds have we prepared for the day ofHow many good deeds have we prepared for the day ofjudgmentjudgment??What did we , as individuals and communities, do forWhat did we , as individuals and communities, do forIslamIslam??Were we distracted by our money and our children from theWere we distracted by our money and our children from theobedience of Allah and jihad for his sakeobedience of Allah and jihad for his sake??““O you who believe! Let not your money or your childrenO you who believe! Let not your money or your childrendivert you from the remembrance of Allah. If any act asdivert you from the remembrance of Allah. If any act assuch, then surely they are the losers.”[Al-Munafiqun – 9such, then surely they are the losers.”[Al-Munafiqun – 9[[
  • 28. Remind yourselfRemind yourselfThe prophet saw said, “No servant will be let go on the dayThe prophet saw said, “No servant will be let go on the dayof judgment until he is asked about the 4 matters: hisof judgment until he is asked about the 4 matters: hislifetime, and how he spent it, his knowledge and what didlifetime, and how he spent it, his knowledge and what didhe use it for, his money, where did he gain it from andhe use it for, his money, where did he gain it from andwhere did he spend it. And his body, in what way did hewhere did he spend it. And his body, in what way did hewear it away. [at tirmidheewear it away. [at tirmidhee[.[.Have we used our bodies for fasting, praying, enjoining goodHave we used our bodies for fasting, praying, enjoining goodand forbidding evil, or have we used them up byand forbidding evil, or have we used them up bysuccumbing to our desiressuccumbing to our desires??The prophet [saw] said, “By Allah, if Allah guides a man [toThe prophet [saw] said, “By Allah, if Allah guides a man [toIslam] thru you, it is much better for you than beingIslam] thru you, it is much better for you than beingblessed with the best pleasures of this worldblessed with the best pleasures of this world”.”.
  • 29. MeansMeansThe means of any mission must serve itsThe means of any mission must serve itsobjectives.objectives. There are muslims who stoop toThere are muslims who stoop tounimaginable levels to promote their projects andunimaginable levels to promote their projects andideas. It is the norm to see the funding of schools,ideas. It is the norm to see the funding of schools,books, etc, coming from interest moneybooks, etc, coming from interest money..Some allow mixed gathering to encourage participationSome allow mixed gathering to encourage participation..The result will be identical. Anything that does notThe result will be identical. Anything that does notoperate within the framework of Islam will inevitableoperate within the framework of Islam will inevitablefailfail..So we should be wary of the means we useSo we should be wary of the means we use..
  • 30. Continuous ImprovementContinuous ImprovementWe should try to be aWe should try to be a dynamicdynamic individual whoindividual whocommits to building up our skills and developingcommits to building up our skills and developingour talents continuouslyour talents continuously..
  • 31. ConclusionConclusionOur prophet Muhammad [saw] conveyed theOur prophet Muhammad [saw] conveyed themessage, fulfilled the trust, counseled themessage, fulfilled the trust, counseled theUmmah, and then passed awayUmmah, and then passed away..OurOur duty is to safeguard that trustduty is to safeguard that trust handedhandeddown to us through generations of thedown to us through generations of theMuslim UmmahMuslim Ummah..
  • 32. DuaDuaAnd finally to close from a DuaAnd finally to close from a Dua –– “O Allah, I seek“O Allah, I seekrefuge in You from a Science which gives norefuge in You from a Science which gives nobenefit, a Heart that does not fear You, a Soulbenefit, a Heart that does not fear You, a Soulwhich is not satisfied, and a Call which is notwhich is not satisfied, and a Call which is notheard or answered by Youheard or answered by You..
  • 33. May Allah Show us theMay Allah Show us thestraight path, and guidestraight path, and guideus all through the wayus all through the way