The Eternal Call Adhan workshop


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Dr. Khalid I. Al-Anaysha Al-Dossary

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The Eternal Call Adhan workshop

  1. 1. PovertyHomelessIlliteracy &IgnoranceLack ofPeaceRacismWars, conflict& violenceDrugs &CrimesSpiritualVoidEnvironmentalDisastersPollutionWorshippingCreationDialogue &CommunicationGapImmoralityTerrorismStarvationGlobalWarming
  2. 2. ValuingwomenBondedsocietyHumanrightsPeaceNobility & highmoralsFalahValuing thefamilyRespectdifferencesResponsibility&accountabilityCharityand helping thepoorBuild &developSecurity &stabilitycommitmentLove forAllah
  5. 5. Allahu Akbar Allah is Greater
  6. 6. Ash hadu an la ilaha illallah I bear witness that there is nodeity but Allah
  7. 7. Ash hadu an-na Muhammadar rasulul lahI bear witness that Muhammad(saw) is the messenger of Allah
  8. 8. Hayya alas salah Come to prayer
  9. 9. Hayya alal falah Come to success
  10. 10. Allahu Akbar Allah is GreaterLa ilaha illal Lah There is no deity but Allah
  11. 11. Though prayers were said incongregation from the very startwhen this institution was establishedvery early at Makkah, the adhān andthe iqāmah were introduced after theflight to Madīnah.INTRODUCTION TO ADHĀN( THE ETERNAL CALL)
  12. 12. The adhān is not only anannouncement to the people togather together for prayer; itis, as well,a declaration of the principlesof Islām, made with a loudvoice, from every localityinhabited by Muslims.It is an announcement to thewhole world five times a day asto what Islām is and what itstands for.INTRODUCTION TO ADHĀN( THE ETERNAL CALL)
  13. 13. The adhān (lit. anannouncement) is anannouncement of the timeof prayer, on hearing itMuslims flock to themosque or to a placeof prayer.The iqāmah (lit. settingupright of a thing orestablishing an affair) is asimilar call at which thosegathered in the mosquearrange themselves intoranks and the prayerservice is started.INTRODUCTION TO ADHĀN( THE ETERNAL CALL)
  14. 14. In the takbīr there is a declarationthat Allāh is greater than all,A Muslim bows before none butAllah--Allāhu Akbar thewatchword of Islām is repeated noless than six times in the adhān.In the shahādah there is adeclaration of the basic principlesof Islām that there is no god butAllāh--God is only One--and thatMuhammad is the Messenger ofAllāh.INTRODUCTION TO ADHĀN( THE ETERNAL CALL)
  15. 15. The adhān thus serves a doublepurpose; it is an announcement ofthe time of prayer and at the sametime an announcement of theprinciples of Islām and thesignificance underlying them.It replaced the meaninglessringing of a bell or the blowing ofa trumpet by the most effectivepropaganda of religion that can bethought of.INTRODUCTION TO ADHĀN( THE ETERNAL CALL)
  16. 16. To everyones door, nay, to hisvery ears. is carried the messageevery morning, every noon,every afternoon, every eveningand at the time of going to bedthat the Unity of God and themessengership of Muhammad,peace and blessings of Allāh beon him, are the fundamentalprinciples IslāmINTRODUCTION TO ADHĀN( THE ETERNAL CALL)
  17. 17. There is a dedicated personusually to give the Adhan at amosque and is called the„Mu‟adhin‟.This method of calling peoplewas formulated during the timeof the Prophet Muhammad(pbuh) after other methods likeblowing of horns, ringing ofbells were rejected.The amazing part about theAdhan is that Adhan will begiven every moment somewherein the world.INTRODUCTION TO ADHĀN( THE ETERNAL CALL)
  18. 18. Most of us have heard the soundof „Adhan‟ or the Call for prayeremanating from mosques atsome time or the other.The call for prayer is given 5times a day as it is required of apracticing Muslim to pray 5times a day.The actual prayers start within ashort time after the call forprayer is given.INTRODUCTION TO ADHĀN( THE ETERNAL CALL)
  19. 19. There is a dedicated personusually to give the Adhan at amosque and is called the„Mu‟adhin‟.This method of calling peoplewas formulated during the timeof the Prophet Muhammad(pbuh) after other methods likeblowing of horns, ringing ofbells were rejected.The amazing part about theAdhan is that Adhan will begiven every moment somewherein the world.INTRODUCTION TO ADHĀN( THE ETERNAL CALL)
  20. 20. The Muslims when they came toMadīnah used to gather together andthey made an appointment forprayers; no call was given for it.So they talked about it one day. Someof them said, Have a bell like the bellof the Christians; others said, Rather abugle like the horn of the Jews; Umarsaid, Would you not appoint a manwho should sound a call for theprayer.The Messenger of Allāh, peace andblessings of Allāh be on him, said, "OBilāl! get up and give a call forprayer."WHEN WAS ADHAN LEGISLATED?
  21. 21. Anas said,When the number of peopleincreased, they conversed that theyshould make known the time ofprayers by some means which theymay recognize. So they mentionedthat they should light the fire orring a bell.Then Bilāl was commanded tocallout the adhān, repeating thewords, and to say the iqāmah,uttering the words only once.WHEN WAS ADHAN LEGISLATED?
  22. 22. It appears from other hadīth that theportion that follows relates toanother occasion. A consultationwas held but nothing was decidedthen, though Umar seems to havemade a suggestion that, instead ofringing a bell or blowing a horn, aman should be appointed to give acall for prayers.WHEN WAS ADHAN LEGISLATED?
  23. 23. According to one hadīth Abdullāhibn Zaid was shown in a vision howto give a call for prayer.So when the Messenger of Allāhcame the next day, he informed him:O Messenger of Allāh! I was halfasleep and half awake when therecame to me one who showed mehow to deliver the Adhān.WHEN WAS ADHAN LEGISLATED?
  24. 24. The narrator of the Hadīth added,Umar had been shown it twentydays previously but concealed it,then he informed the Holy ProphetBukhārī refers to this by quotingUmar as saying, Would you notappoint a man who should give a callfor prayer.It was, however, the Holy Prophetsorder--or maybe, he himself hadreceived a revelation, similar to thevisions of Abdullāh and Umar assome reports show--which gave thesanction to the Adhān.WHEN WAS ADHAN LEGISLATED?
  25. 25. Narrated Ibn Umar:When the Muslims arrived at Medina, theyused to assemble for the prayer, and used toguess the time for it. During those days, thepractice of ADHAN for the prayers had notbeen introduced yet.Once they discussed this problem regardingthe call for prayer. Some people suggestedthe use of a bell like the Christians, othersproposed a trumpet like the horn used bythe Jews, but Umar was the first to suggestthat a man should call (the people) for theprayer; so Allahs Apostle ordered BILALto get up and pronounce the ADHAN forprayers.WHEN WAS ADHAN LEGISLATED?
  26. 26. Praise be to Allah Who has showered His servants with Hisencompassing Mercy by prescribing the call for prayers to be anannouncement and invitation of the entry of Congregationalprayers time using significant words Which include someessential belief matters.The Adhan is centered on matters of Ibaddah which areunalterable in Islam; neither add or decrease any is acceptabledue to its Divine ordainment.WHY THESE WORDS?
  27. 27. Creed/Belief is:He has started with the Greatness of Allah, which include the existence of Allahand His perfectionHe followed it with Tawheed (Monotheism) and the negation of associating orsetting partners with AllahIn it is the confirmation of the Message of Muhammad, may the blessings and peacebe upon him.Then, He calls to specified obedience “Prayers” after the Testimony (as it is notknown except through the messenger).Next, He calls to success (Falah), which is the permanent, stay indicating theinevitable Return.Finally, He repeats for emphasis sake.WHY THESE WORDS?
  28. 28. Anas said, "Bilal was ordered to pronounce the wording of Adhantwice and of Iqama once only." The sub narrator Ismali said, "Imentioned that to Aiyub and he added (to that), "Except Iqama (i.e.Qad-Qamatis-Salat which should be said twice)."“Allah is Greater”“The First part of the Testimony”“ The second part Testimony”“ Come to Prayer”“ Come to Success”“ Allah is the Greatest”“There is no god worthy of worship except Allah”At Fajr (Dawn) The caller adds Time “Prayer is better than sleep.”WHY THESE WORDS?
  29. 29.  Publicly showing the rituals of Islam Raising high and clear the words of Tawheed Announcing the entering of time Calling Muslims to the congregation prayers The Ruling of Adha‟an: Collective ObligationThe wisdom of choosing words instead of actions:It‟s easier to apply sayings due to the readily available natureof words over actions for anyone in any place and at any timeDEFINITIONS & RULING OF ADHAN
  30. 30. Linguistic Definition of Adha’an: The AnnouncementIslamic Definition: Announcing the Entry of the time of prayers using certainutterances at certain timesLinguistic Definition of Iqama:The callIslamic Definition: Announcing the start of prayer’s performance using certainutterances at certain timesDEFINITIONS & RULING OF ADHAN
  31. 31. Muslims must give up all business onhearing the call for prayerAny one can attain to complete self-development through the realization ofthe divine in him or her, which is broughtabout by prayer.ADHĀN AND IQĀMAH
  32. 32. Abū Mabdhūrah said,I said, O Messenger of Allāh! Teach methe way of delivering the adhān. He said,So he touched his forehead (and) said:“You should say:Allāh is Greater, Allāh is Greater, Allāh isGreater, Allāh is Greater.You should raise your voice with it; thenyou should say,THE WORDS OF THE ADHĀN
  33. 33. I bear witness that there is no god butAllāh,I bear witness that there is no god butAllāh,I bear witness that Muhammad is theMessenger of Allāh,I bear witness that Muhammad is theMessenger of Allāh.„You should lower your voice with it;then you should raise your voice withthe bearing of witness,THE WORDS OF THE ADHĀN
  34. 34. I bear witness that there is no god butAllāh,I bear witness that there is no god butAllāh,I bear witness that Muhammad is theMessenger of Allāh,I bear witness that Muhammad is theMessenger of Allāh.Come to prayer, Come to prayer;Come to success, Come to success.THE WORDS OF THE ADHĀN
  35. 35.  I bear witness that there is no godbut Allāh, I bear witness that there is no godbut Allāh, I bear witness that Muhammad isthe Messenger of Allāh, I bear witness that Muhammad isthe Messenger of Allāh. „Come to prayer, Come to prayer; Come to success, Come to success.„Then if it is the morning prayer, youshould say, Prayer is better than sleep Prayer isbetter than sleep;(Then you should say), Allāh is Greater, Allāh is Greater,there is no god but Allāh.‟THE WORDS OF THE ADHĀN
  36. 36. The repetition of the shahādaha second time as stated in thishadīth is known as tarjī (lit.returning to a thing again andagain).As the previous hadīth and theone that follows show, thegeneral practice in the HolyProphets time was that theAdhān consisted of fifteensentences;THE WORDS OF THE ADHĀN
  38. 38. Allāhu-Akbar four times, ashhaduan lā ilāha illa-llāh twice,Ashhadu anna MuhammadanRasūlu-llāh twice (both sentencesbeginning with ashhadu are knownas the shahādah)Hayya ala-l-salā (pronounced ala-s-salā) twice (turning the face to theright),Hayya ala-l-falāh twice (turning theface to the left),Allāhu Akbar twice and lā ilāha illa-llāh once.THE WORDS OF THE ADHĀN
  39. 39. Ibn Umar said,In the time of the Messenger of Allāh, peaceand blessings of Allāh be on him, (sentencesof) the Adhān used to be repeated twice, and(those of) the iqāmah (were uttered) only once,with this exception that he used to say, Prayeris ready, Prayer is ready.HOW TO PERFORM THE ADHĀN
  40. 40. Sad reported thatThe Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings ofAllāh be on him, commanded Bilāl to put histwo forefingers into his ears (when deliveringthe Adhān); this, he said, would help in theraising of thy voice.HOW TO PERFORM THE ADHĀN
  41. 41. It is related about Bilāl that he put his twoforefingers into his ears (when delivering theAdhān), while Ibn Umar did not put his fore-fingers into his ears;Ibrāhīm said, There is no harm in delivering theadhān without performing ablution; and Atāsaid, Ablution is necessary and it is the(Prophets) practice..HOW TO PERFORM THE ADHĀN
  42. 42. HOW TO PERFORM THE ADHĀNAbū Juhaifah said,That he saw Bilāl delivering the Adhān. (Hesaid), So I followed him when he turned hisface to one side and to the other in the adhān.Mūsā said,I saw Bilāl (when) he went forth to the Abtahand delivered the Adhān, so when he reachedhayya ala-l-salā, hayya ala-falāh, he turned hisneck to the right side and to the left and did notturn round.
  43. 43. A woman of the Banī Najjār said,My house was the highest house in theenvirons of the mosque and Bilāl used todeliver the morning Adhān on it.HOW TO PERFORM THE ADHĀN
  44. 44. PREFERRED PRACTICES OF THEADHĀNAbū Saīd Khudrī reported that the Messenger ofAllāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be onhim, said:"When you hear the Adhān, say what themudhdhin says."Yahyā said, some of our brethren related to methat when he (Muāwiyah) heard thewords, Come to prayer, he said, There is nostrength nor power but in Allāh, and hesaid, Thus did we hear your Prophet, peace andblessings of Allāh be on him, say.
  45. 45. PREFERRED PRACTICES OF THEADHĀNZiyād said thatHe delivered the Adhān, and Bilāl desired to callout the iqāmah but the Prophet, peace andblessings of Allāh be on him, said:"O brother of Sudā! The one who calls out theAdhān shall call out the iqāmah.”Sudā is the name of a tribe in Yaman and Ziyādwas a member of this tribe.
  46. 46. PREFERRED PRACTICES OF THEADHĀNAbd Allāh reported that the Messenger of Allāh,peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:"Between every two Adhāns, there is a prayer forhim who likes."(He said this) thrice.By the two Adhāns are meant Adhān andIqāmah. The interval between the two should beat least such that a man may be- able to say tworakahs of optional prayer.Another hadīth says that there should be aninterval such that a man taking his food mayfinish it, say, about a quarter of an hour.
  47. 47. PREFERRED PRACTICES OF THEADHĀNThe Iqāmah thus consists of;Allāhu Akbar being uttered twice (in Adhān it isuttered four times).Each of the shahādah sentences once,Hayya ala-l-salā and hayyala-l-falāh each once(without turning to right or left),Qad qāmati-l-salā twice,Allāhu Akbar and lā ilāha illa-llāh once.
  48. 48. PREFERRED PRACTICES OF THEADHĀNThe iqāmah may also consist of all the sentences ofthe Adhān with the addition in its proper place of qadqāmati-l-salā uttered twice.Between the delivery of the Adhān and the iqāmahthere is another difference. The sentences of theAdhān are delivered leisurely and in as loud a voiceas possible, while the delivery of the iqāmah ismarked by quickness.
  49. 49. PREFERRED PRACTICES OF THEADHĀNJābir reported that the Messenger of Allāh, peaceand blessings of Allāh be on him, said:"Whoeversays when he hears the adhān,O Allāh! the Lord of this perfect call and everliving prayer, grant to Muhammad nearness andexcellence and raise him to the position of glorywhich Thou hast promised him,My intercession will be due to him on the day ofResurrection.“
  50. 50. PREFERRED PRACTICES OF THEADHĀNIt’s mentioned to prohibit leaving the mosque after the call has been madeexcept for a valid excuse or the intention to go back. Abu Hurayra saidthat the prophet, peace be upon him commanded us to by saying, “If youwere present in the mosque and the call for prayers has been made, letnot anyone of you leave it until he prays.”It was also narrated by some of the prophet’s companions that, “Whoeverheard the call and did not answer it, his prayer will not be accepted”
  51. 51. PREFERRED PRACTICES OF THEADHĀNUthmān ibn Abi-l-Ās said,O Messenger of Allāh! Make me the imām of apeople. He said: “You are their imām and do youfollow the weakest of them and appoint aMuadhdhin who does not take anyremuneration for his Adhān.“Abu Hurairah said, the Messenger ofAllāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be onhim, commanded us (saying): "When you are inthe mosque and a call for prayers is sounded, letnot one of you go out until he has said hisprayers."
  52. 52. VIRTUES OF CALLERSAbū Hurairah said, The Messenger of Allāh,peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:"The Imām is a surety and the deliverer of theAdhān is one in whom confidence is placed;„O Allāh! direct aright the leaders of prayer andgrant protection to the deliverers of the Adhān.‟"
  53. 53. VIRTUES OF CALLERSAbdullāh reported that Abu Saīd Khudrī said tohim, I see thee living among goats and in thedesert, so when thou are among thy goats or inthe desert and delivers the Adhān for prayer,raise you voice with the adhān, for neither jinnnor man nor anything else hears the voice of thecrier within its reach but it shall bear witness forhim on the day of Resurrection.
  54. 54. RULES FOR THE MU’ADHIN1. Preferable to have Wudhu (notcompulsory)2. Face towards Qiblah3. Turn the face towards right while saying“Hayya alas-Salaah” and left whilesaying “Hayya alal-falaah”.4. To say the words at slow intervals.5. To say it with loud voice even if you arealone
  55. 55. Entering of TimeIntention of the Adha‟anPerforming it in ArabicExaggerationArrangements of wordsThe sequence of its wordsRaising the voiceCONDITIONS OF ADHAN
  56. 56.  The tallest necks on Judgment Day Are forgiven when their voices are raised Everything and everyone hears their voicesstand as a witness for them The supplication of the prophet for them tobe forgivenVIRTUES OF CALLERS
  57. 57. Bilal Bin RubahSumrah bin Mu‟eerah Abu-AthoobahUmr Bin Za‟edah Ibn Um MaktoomSa‟ad Bin Al-QartTHE CALLERS OF THE PROPHET:
  58. 58. BENEFITS OF ADHAN• It is a source of Dawah.• First impression about Islam & Muslims. “Firstimpression is the best impression.”• Just imagine if a very beautiful Adhan isheard, they will not just appreciate it but slowlyfeel inclined towards it.• Removes misconceptions about Muslims if anyin the mind and attracts them to Islam.
  59. 59. BENEFITS OF ADHANFOR MUSLIMS• Enthusiastic to go to the masjid• Iman is increased to a high level.• Youth and the modern generation findsatisfaction in Adhan and stay away frommusic. It’s great alternative!!!• Great inspiration to listen to the Adhan frombeginning to the end thereby makes them cometo the masjid early enough to catch the start.
  60. 60. BENEFITS OF ADHANFOR MUSLIMS• Something to keep humming, and hymningduring other times and keep getting rewardat the same time for praising the name ofAllah S.W.T.• One of the best characteristic of a Mu’min isthat their hearts are attached to the masjid.• The hearts by which Muslim can havemore interest in their prayers.
  61. 61. INTRODUCTION TO ADHĀN( THE ETERNAL CALL)"O you who believe! When the call is givenout for prayer on Friday, hasten to theremembrance of Allāh and leave offbusiness." (62:9)
  62. 62. There are a number ofstories in the Islamic oraltradition about the origins ofazan. After their flight fromMecca to Madina in 622CE,the Prophets companionswere debating how to gatherMuslims for prayer.One suggested a bell, likethe Christians used.Another, a horn like theJews.Others thought of beating adrum, or lighting a fire.WHEN WAS ADHAN LEGISLATED?
  63. 63. There was no agreement andthe debate continued.Then, one night, one of thecompanions dreamt of callingMuslims for prayer by using asolitary human voice.When his companions relatedit to him, the Prophet said healready knew of thedream, and then added thatthe Angel Gabriel had taughthim the words for azan, whichMuslims have handed downsince then:WHEN WAS ADHAN LEGISLATED?
  64. 64.  Allah is Greater I testify that there is no godbut Allah I testify that Muhammad isthe Prophet of Allah Come to prayer, come tosalvation (Success) Allah is Greater There is no god but AllahWHEN WAS ADHAN LEGISLATED?