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6 the eternal-call_workshop_april_27_2013

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  • 1. * INTRODUCTION TO ADHAN ( THEETERNAL CALL)* WHEN WAS IT LEGISLATED?* BENEFITS OF ADHAN* DEFINITIONS & RULING OF ADHAN* HOW TO CALL &WHY THESE WORDS?* PREFERRED PRACTICES OF THE ADHAN
  • 2. PovertyHomelessIlliteracy &IgnoranceLack ofPeaceRacismWars, conflict& violenceDrugs &CrimesSpiritualVoidEnvironmentalDisastersPollutionWorshippingCreationDialogue &CommunicationGapImmoralityTerrorismStarvationGlobalWarming
  • 3. ValuingwomenBondedsocietyHumanrightsPeaceNobility & highmoralsFalahValuing thefamilyRespectdifferencesResponsibility&accountabilityCharityand helping thepoorBuild &developSecurity &stabilitycommitmentLove forAllah
  • 4. ADHAN IS A CALL,HAVE YOU EVERANSWERED IT ASALLAH SWTWANTS?HOW DO YOU FEEL WHENYOU HEAR THE ADHAN?What do youunderstand fromthe words ofAdhan?
  • 5. ADHAN IS A CALL AND A REMINDERTHAT IS REPEATED 5 TIMES A DAYIT IS A GREAT CALL FOR A GREATRESPONSIBILITY: PERFORMINGSALAT
  • 6. ATHAN NUGGETS
  • 7. 1 - Oneness of God (Allah SWT)ATHAN NUGGETS2 - The Adhan (Call to Prayer)3 - Testimony
  • 8. 1 - Oneness of God (Allah SWT): The first phrase of the Athan is: GOD is Greater. God (Allah SWT)Himself is greater than all else, nothing can compare to Him. Since nothing compares to the Almighty, one can conclude that:nothing or no one is worthy of worship except God Himself (AllahSWT). Thus, neither His subordinates nor any other deities should beworshiped. Thus, Muslims associate no partners with God (Allah SWT). One reason for this is to avoid clash of authority that arises frompolytheistic beliefs (for example: the Trinity).ATHAN NUGGETS
  • 9. 1 - Oneness of God (Allah SWT): God (Allah SWT) is Omnipotent, and does not need anything fromanyone. There is no power or authority except in ALLAH. The athan introduces Allah as the exact same God worshiped byJudaism & Christianity - the God of Abraham, the God of Moses, theGod of Jesus and the God of Muhammad – peace be upon them all. TheONE and ONLY God. The athan is a constant reminder of the Oneness of God – a conceptknown as tawheed – which is a core belief of Muslims. We only worship One GOD; if you worship more than one there will bea problem. If you have more than one captain on a ship, each one willwant to go in a different direction!ATHAN NUGGETS
  • 10. ATHAN NUGGETS2 - The Adhan (Call to Prayer): The “Adhan” indicates that it is time for prayer.This is your time with God. If your spouse will notlisten, pour your heart out to God; if your childrencannot give you peace, ask God to guide them. Five times a day, we put the material world onhold as we enter the spiritual realm. When it comes to prayer we pray 5 times a day tokeep us away from sin. You cannot commit a crime while praying and ithelps you avoid bad deeds. Whatever you are doing, stop and go to God andpray. He is Greater than anything you are doing atthe time of prayer. The sound of the adhan is soothing, humble andpeaceful. It puts the listener in a state oftranquility.
  • 11. ATHAN NUGGETS2 - The Adhan (Call to Prayer): Like the church bells for the Christians, the athanis the call to prayer for the Muslims. The athan raises awareness of the ProphetMuhammad (pbuh) because the second phrase is:I bear witness that Muhammad is a messenger ofGod (Allah swt). Sparks interest in the Prophecy of Abraham(Ibrahim), and the generation of Prophets thatcame after him. As all the Prophets afterAbraham (Ibrahim) were mentioned by namein the scriptures of the three Monotheisticreligions. Thus, all the scriptures complementeach other. Islam requires Muslims to believe in all themessengers. Prophet Muhammad is the sealof the prophets. The call for prayer is constantly being called fromall around the world; not a minute goes by withoutsomeone, somewhere, praying to God (AllahSWT).
  • 12. ATHAN NUGGETS2 - The Adhan (Call to Prayer): All Muslims – regardless of race, nationality, financial status orrank are called to prayer. This promotes unity and a sense ofcommunity. Islam believes in equality of mankind. The muezzin (the one who calls to prayer), also, is chosenregardless of his race, nationality, or status. In fact, the firstmuezzin of Islam was a black man – Bilal. Prayer brings the soul back to life, because thinking ofmaterialistic and worldly-matters sedates the soul from thereality of life. When you pray, you have to make ablutions (wudhu). Whenyou do this five times a day your sins will be removed just as ifyou bathed five times a day in the river. This is taken from thefollowing „hadith‟, or saying of our prophet Muhammad pbuh.Abu Huraira radiyallahu ʿanhu narrates that I heard AllahsApostle saying, "If there was a river at the door of anyone ofyou and he took a bath in it five times a day would you noticeany dirt on him?" They said, "Not a trace of dirt would be left."The Prophet added, "That is the example of the five prayerswith which Allah blots out (annuls) evil deeds.” Sahih al-Bukhari, 1:10:506
  • 13. ATHAN NUGGETS2 - The Adhan (Call to Prayer): The athan allows the believer to pause, and take a „time-out‟ from the pressure of lifeto give thanks, and gratitude to the Lord. It is a means of refreshing faith and giving the believer more control over his/her faith. Our hearts are cleansed from filth. Praying five times a day promotes discipline, punctuality and helps the believer ridhis/her self from laziness. The athan also reminds the Muslim of the Hereafter. The words of the athan are beautiful and are recited harmoniously. It allows the believer to acknowledge the power their Lord has over them, and tosubmit to Him. In Islam, we are reminded that nothing can happen in this life unless GOD wills it tohappen. It is better for you to pray than to sleep. If you sleep, you will not accomplishanything, but if you pray you will be successful in your life, your work, yourfamily, etc.. The athan equates prayer with success. Success in this world and the hereafter.
  • 14. ATHAN NUGGETS3 – Testimony: Adhan allows the believer to testify the Oneness of God (Allah SWT), andthat Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is indeed His messenger. By uttering these words, no believer will reside eternally in hell. We are reminded of our covenant to God (Allah swt) before coming to Earth.We already all testified that He is our Lord. The athan reinforces thisconcept as a warning to believers and non-believers.
  • 15. The Eternal Call Invites You to True Life The Call for Prayers is the best eternal Beacon toeternal Success that invites you, oh human to yourgreater Rabb, Allah. The Eternal Call resonates and echoes all overthe world looking for humble hearts to hearken tothe divine Call and come to submit to Allah The Call hits deep into your heart, oh human towake you up to start pumping ethics anddisseminate very much needed morality in theworld. The call invites you to follow the True Way of life&all forms of worship ordained by Allah and topersevere by sowing righteousness seeds The Call hits deep into your heart, oh human towake you up to start pumping ethics anddisseminate very much needed morality in theworld.
  • 16. The Eternal Call Invites You to True Life It invites you to continue in the Way of your Lord(Rabb) not to be diverted by Satanic forces whoare working day and night to mislead you The Call for divinely ordained prayer is a mercy forall to ponder over each word contained to feedyour soul and physique with Taweeheed The Call invites you to love and prioritize your lovein the right order while disciplining you and yourwhole life; The Call of prayer repels Satanic forces running ineveryones vein and your blood stream remindingyou to do likewise all the time The Call for prayers saves you from the clutchesof worshiping creation; likeimages, persons, statues, animals, pleasures, yourself.
  • 17. The Eternal Call Invites You to True Life The Call for prayers invites you to humble yourselfin front of the greatest of All whose His MajesticGreatness is can never be paralleled The Call for prayers invites you to place the mostdignified organ in your body, your face on earth tobe closer to your Creator, Allah The Call for prayer invites you to be closer to earthwhere you are going to be buried one day andheld accountable. The Call for prayer has the most important wordsever used in presenting Islam; the much neededsavior Way of life without which were doomed The Call for prayer is full of lessons that we needto tweets as soon as we hear the Call resonatingand echoing all over world;
  • 18. The Eternal Call Invites You to True Life The Call for prayer is the unifying center for all to come and help each otherto do goodness. The Call for prayers is your lifeblood without which you are dead. The Call for prayer is what humanity needs to have real and true peace The Call for prayer is the foundation for any building, construction andcivilization where civility prevails with divine morality and ethics The call for prayers is what horrifies evil mongers‟ of losing their devilishgains when its words are uttered aloud The Call for prayer is what builds families and rears kids to be the emissariesof peace on earth.
  • 19. The Eternal Call Invites You to True Life The Call for prayer is the eternal call that echoes in every corner of the worldchasing devils out of place and humans. The Call for prayer is what resuscitates us when we fall unconscious in therealm of debauchery and immorality. The Call for prayer is the harvest that we have to do while on earth to reapthe incomparable fruits of all inn this life and the Next. The Call for prayer tells your worth as humans and constantly maintains yourGodly given dignity reminding you not to bow for creation. The Call for prayer is what builds families and rears kids to be the emissariesof peace on earth.
  • 20. The Eternal Call Invites You to True Life The Call for prayer is what cleanses our veins and artery from the whisperingof Satan and his stooges of human and spirit devils. The Call for prayer is a reminder of the struggle of allprophets, messengers, all companions to maintain believing in the Onenessof Allah. The Call for prayer is a constant wake up call to revive our natural goodnessand eradicate our evil whispers The Call for prayer is elevation of self, family, society and he world at large The Call for prayer brings us closer to the strongest connection; the Divineconnection where we are fueled and refueled with divine help
  • 21. The Eternal Call Invites You to True Life The Call for prayer is where we invigorateourselves to revive our spirit to relieve our worriesand agonies The Call for prayer is the real college; universityand learning that will endure and produceconstruction to the land and the whole world The Call for prayer is a cultivating and nurturingfertile ground for bringing selves, children upspiritually, morally and even physically. The Call for prayer is a treasure that we may losewe wallow in this life seeking worldly pleasures atthe expense of Allahs The Call for prayers has real human developmentpar excellence that has to be the real reference toall when dealing with developing people
  • 22. The Eternal Call Invites You to True Life The Call for prayers invites you to highest moralityof all; behaving nobly with your Creator bylistening to every word and acting upon it The Call for prayer invites you to be closer to earthwhere you are going to be buried one day andheld accountable. The Call for prayers invites you to humble yourselfin front of the greatest of All whose His MajesticGreatness is can never be paralleled The Call for prayers saves you from the clutchesof worshiping creation; like images, persons,statues, animals, pleasures, yourself. The Call of prayer repels Satanic forces running ineveryones vein and your blood stream remindingyou to do likewise all the time
  • 23. The Eternal Call Invites You to True Life Learn the real meaning of the words in the Call ofprayer, reflect over them; you will discover endlessgems. Please Make Duaa for me. The Call for Prayers is the eternal Beacon toeternal Success that invites you, oh human, toAllah! Eternal Call resonates & echoes all over the worldlooking for humble hearts to hearken to divineCall. The Call hits your heart deeply to wake you upethics; the very much needed morality in the world The call invites you to follow True Way oflife&worship Allah persevere by sowingrighteousness seeds
  • 24. The Eternal Call Invites You to True Life It invites you to continue in the Way of yourCreator; not to be diverted by Satanic forces. The Call feeds your soul and physique withTaweeheed; believing in One God, Allah The Call invites you to love and prioritize your lovein the right order while disciplining yourself. The Call for prayer attaches you to earth whereyou are going to be buried one day& heldaccountable. The Call for prayer is full of lessons; we need totweets as soon as we hear it echoing all overworld
  • 25. The adhan is a unique call with words that convey a comprehensive message.Therefore, there is value attached to the call itself, unlike calls in other religionswhere people use bells or horns. The aqeedah (creed) is announced and ourbelief refreshed in just two minutes before we pray. The words of the adhan arealso very specific:Example 1: Allah is greater implies that He (SWT) should come first inour lives because He is (and will always remain) greater than anything oranyone else. At the end of the adhan, „Allah is greater‟ is repeated implying thatHe is the Everlasting and whether you respond to this call or no, Allah willalways remain greater and you will be the loser if you do not come to pray.Example 2: The word hayy not ta‟ala is used though they both mean„come.‟ Hayy has the same root word as the words hayah (life) and tahiyyah(greeting).Example 3: The word falah (not najah) is used though they both mean„success.‟ However, falah is more than just success as it is linked tocultivation and agriculture( which reminds us that Allah‟s reward is expensiveand requires hard work – linking success in the Hereafter with work in this life.Example 4: The Testimony of Faith (Shahada) is a reminder of Tawheed( and the message(Reflections on the Adhan
  • 26.  It is a public announcement and a reminder for all: Muslims and non-Muslims. Five times every day, people are reminded of their Creator Whoshould come first before their family, money, business, etc. It is a wake-upcall for those who are completely absorbed in their worldly life unaware thatthey are heading towards death and the final Judgment every hour andminute. Therefore, when you hear the call to prayer given by themuadhin, let yourself perceive the terror of the Summons on the Day ofResurrection. The call also reminds people of their humanity because theprayers following the adhan are social gatherings that unify and reformhumanity against racism and injustice. Values such as brotherhood, unityand equality are instilled in the souls of those who pray together. It is aunifying call that unifies Muslims all over the world. The adhan is a link between the human being and the Creator (the wordsalah itself means connection, from in Arabic). This link should bebased on love, not just duty and obligation. When you love someone, thereis a longing and yearning for this link. If this person calls, you rush to answerthe call. Similarly – and for Allah is the highest attribute – our relationshipwith Allah (SWT) should also be based on love and a desire to worship. Thatis why the Prophet used to say: “Comfort us Bilal (with the prayer followingthe adhan)!”Reflections on the Adhan
  • 27.  The adhan is an invitation to Ihsan (perfection), success and salvation. If aking invites you, you will feel happy and excited. You will never ignore theinvitation, but will look forward to it. The adhan is an invitation, not from amortal king, but from the King of all kings. Look who is calling you!!! TheProphet used to leave anything he was doing when heheard the call in order to pray: Al-Aswad said, "I asked Aisha (RAA) What did the Prophet, may Allahbless him and grant him peace, do when he was with his family? Shereplied, He would do chores for his family, and when it was time for theprayer, he would go out." And in another narration: “When he heard theadhan, he would walk to perform his prayer as though he didn‟t even knowanyone sitting around him.” The call is a form of dhikr – remembrance of Allah. According to theteachings of Prophet Muhammad ( Muslims also repeat thewords after the muadhin. We repeat the shahada as well, which is the firstarticle of faith. According to the hadith, anyone whose last words includedthat there is no deity other than Allah, enters Paradise. There is also dhikrafter the adhan.Reflections on the Adhan
  • 28.  The word adhan comes from the word udhon ear in Arabic). You do notjust hear the adhan, you listen to it and reflect on its meanings. The call is an artistic expression that moves emotions. It has a uniquemelody, tune and rhythm having a positive effect on the human soul. Itdepends on the human voice – no recording, bell or horn is used. In thisrespect, it is a form of da‟wah (inviting people of other faiths to Islam) andserves as a unique public advertisement for Islam. The Prophet (told Abdullah bin Zaid to teach Bilal (RAA) the words of the adhanwhich he learned from a vision he saw, for Bilal had the best voice inMadina. The adhan announces the presence of Islam in the land. In a country likeIndia, you find everything around you reminding you of Hinduism but thenyou hear the adhan that Islam is there. It also reminds Muslims of their dutytowards humanity. The adhan is prophesied in the Bible in a way which reflects the universalityof the call and Islam: Sing unto the Lord a new song, and his praise from the end of the earth.(Isaiah 42:10)Reflections on the Adhan
  • 29. Reflections on the Adhan According to Dr. Jamal Badawi, a new song may be a reference to a newscripture in a language other than the language of the Israelite scriptures.This explanation seems to fit closely with the second half of the same verse(Isaiah 42:10) which speaks of the praise of God “from the ends of theearth”. Only in the case of Islam do we find this prophecy realized inamazing accuracy. In all ends of the earth, five times every day the praise ofGod and of His last messenger, Muhammad, is chanted from the minarets ofhundreds of thousands, perhaps millions, of mosques around the world. The muadhin has a great reward from Allah. Omar (RAA) said that had henot been the Ruler, he would have preferred to be a muadhin. Do not forget to pray between Adhan and Iqamah that Allah will guide thevisitors to the Truth for this du‟a is always answered.
  • 30. Allahu Akbar Allah is the greatest
  • 31. Ash hadu an la ilaha illallah I bear witness that there is nodeity but Allah
  • 32. Ash hadu an-na Muhammadar rasulul lahI bear witness that Muhammad(saw) is the messenger of Allah
  • 33. Hayya alas salah Come to prayer
  • 34. Hayya alal falah Come to success
  • 35. Allahu Akbar Allah is the greatestLa ilaha illal Lah There is no deity but Allah
  • 36. INTRODUCTION TO ADHĀN( THE ETERNAL CALL)"O you who believe! When the call is givenout for prayer on Friday, hasten to theremembrance of Allāh and leave offbusiness." (62:9)
  • 37. INTRODUCTION TO ADHĀN( THE ETERNAL CALL)The adhān (lit. an announcement) is anannouncement of the time of prayer, on hearing itMuslims flock to the mosque or to a place ofprayer.The iqāmah (lit. setting upright of a thing orestablishing an affair) is a similar call at whichthose gathered in the mosque arrange themselvesinto ranks and the prayer service is started.
  • 38. Though prayers were said in congregation from thevery start when this institution was establishedvery early at Makkah the adhān and the iqāmahwere introduced after the flight to Madīnah.INTRODUCTION TO ADHĀN( THE ETERNAL CALL)
  • 39. The adhān is not only an announcement to thepeople to gather together for prayer; it is, as well, adeclaration of the principles of Islām, made with aloud voice, from every locality inhabited byMuslims.It is an announcement to the whole world fivetimes a day as to what Islām is and what it standsfor.INTRODUCTION TO ADHĀN( THE ETERNAL CALL)
  • 40. In the takbīr there is a declaration that Allāh is thegreatest of all and that, therefore a Muslim bows beforenone but Allah--Allāhu Akbar the watchword of Islām isrepeated no less than six times in the adhān.In the shahādah there is a declaration of the basicprinciples of Islām that there is no god but Allāh--God isonly One--and that Muhammad is the Messenger ofAllāh.INTRODUCTION TO ADHĀN( THE ETERNAL CALL)
  • 41. In hayya ala-l-salā (come to prayer) there is adeclaration of the Real Message of religion which isthe realization of the divine in man. This can onlybe attained through prayer, by drinking deep at theDivine source.In hayya ala-l-falāh (come to success) we are toldthat success or full development of the humanfaculties, can be attained only through prayer orthe realization of the divine in man.INTRODUCTION TO ADHĀN( THE ETERNAL CALL)
  • 42. The adhān thus serves a double purpose; it is anannouncement of the time of prayer and at thesame time an announcement of the principles ofIslām and the significance underlying them.It replaces the meaningless ringing of a bell or theblowing of a trumpet by the most effectivepropaganda of religion that can be thought of.INTRODUCTION TO ADHĀN( THE ETERNAL CALL)
  • 43. To everyones door, nay, to his very ears. iscarried the message every morning, everynoon, every afternoon, every evening and at thetime of going to bed that the Unity of God andthe messengership of Muhammad, peace andblessings of Allāh be on him, are thefundamental principles IslāmINTRODUCTION TO ADHĀN( THE ETERNAL CALL)
  • 44. Most of us have heard the soundof „Adhan‟ or the Call for prayeremanating from mosques atsome time or the other.The call for prayer is given 5times a day as it is required of apracticing Muslim to pray 5times a day.The actual prayers start within ashort time after the call forprayer is given.INTRODUCTION TO ADHĀN( THE ETERNAL CALL)
  • 45. There is a dedicated personusually to give the Adhan at amosque and is called the„Mu‟adhin‟.This method of calling peoplewas formulated during the timeof the Prophet Muhammad(pbuh) after other methods likeblowing of horns, ringing ofbells were rejected.The amazing part about theAdhan is that Adhan will begiven every moment somewherein the world.INTRODUCTION TO ADHĀN( THE ETERNAL CALL)
  • 46. WHEN WAS ADHAN LEGISLATED?The Muslims when they came to Madīnah used togather together and they made an appointmentfor prayers; no call was given for it. So theytalked about it one day. Some of them said, Havea bell like the bell of the Christians; otherssaid, Rather a bugle like the horn of the Jews;Umar said, Would you not appoint a man whoshould sound a call for the prayer. The Messengerof Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be onhim, said, "O Bilāl! get up and give a call forprayer."
  • 47. Anas said,When the number of people increased, theyconversed that they should make known thetime of prayers by some means which they mayrecognize. So they mentioned that they shouldlight the fire or ring a bell. Then Bilāl wascommanded to callout the adhān, repeating thewords, and to say the iqāmah, uttering thewords only once.WHEN WAS ADHAN LEGISLATED?
  • 48. It appears from other hadīth that the portion thatfollows relates to another occasion. Aconsultation was held but nothing was decidedthen, though Umar seems to have made asuggestion that, instead of ringing a bell orblowing a horn, a man should be appointed togive a call for prayers.WHEN WAS ADHAN LEGISLATED?
  • 49. According to one hadīth Abd Allāh ibn Zaid wasshown in a vision how to give a call for prayer.So when the Messenger of Allāh came the nextday, he informed him: O Messenger of Allāh! Iwas half asleep and half awake when there cameto me one who showed me how to deliver theAdhān.WHEN WAS ADHAN LEGISLATED?
  • 50. WHEN WAS ADHAN LEGISLATED?The narrator of the Hadīth added, Umar had beenshown it twenty days previously but concealedit, then he informed the Holy ProphetBukhārī refers to this by quoting Umar assaying, Would you not appoint a man who shouldgive a call for prayer. It was, however, the HolyProphets order--or maybe, he himself hadreceived a revelation, similar to the visions of AbdAllāh and Umar as some reports show--whichgave the sanction to the Adhān.
  • 51. Narrated Ibn Umar:When the Muslims arrived at Medina, they used toassemble for the prayer, and used to guess the timefor it. During those days, the practice of ADHAN forthe prayers had not been introduced yet. Once theydiscussed this problem regarding the call for prayer.Some people suggested the use of a bell like theChristians, others proposed a trumpet like the hornused by the Jews, but Umar was the first to suggestthat a man should call (the people) for the prayer; soAllahs Apostle ordered BILAL to get up andpronounce the ADHAN for prayers.WHEN WAS ADHAN LEGISLATED?
  • 52. BENEFITS OF ADHAN• It is a source of Dawah.• First impression about Islam & Muslims. “Firstimpression is the best impression.”• Just imagine if a very beautiful Adhan isheard, they will not just appreciate it but slowlyfeel inclined towards it.• Removes misconception about Muslims if any inthe mind and attracts them to Islam.
  • 53. BENEFITS OF ADHANFOR MUSLIMS• Enthusiastic to go to the masjid• Iman is increased to a high level.• Youth and the modern generation findsatisfaction in Adhan and stay away frommusic. It’s great alternative!!!• Great inspiration to listen to the Adhan frombeginning to the end thereby makes them cometo the masjid early enough to catch the start.
  • 54. BENEFITS OF ADHANFOR MUSLIMS• Something to keep humming, and hymningduring other times and keep getting rewardat the same time for praising the name ofAllah S.W.T.• One of the best characteristic of a Mu’min isthat their hearts are attached to the masjid.• The hearts by which Muslim can havemore interest in their prayers.
  • 55. Linguistic Definition of Adha’an: The AnnouncementIslamic Definition: Announcing the start of prayers times using certain utterancesat certain timesLinguistic Definition of Iqama: The callIslamic Definition: Announcing the start of prayer’s time using certain utterancesat certain timesDEFINITIONS & RULING OF ADHAN
  • 56. Publicly showing the rituals of IslamRaising high and clear the words of TawheedAnnouncing the entering of timeCalling Muslims to the congregation prayersThe Ruling of Adha‟an: Collective ObligationThe wisdom of choosing words instead of actions:It‟s easier to apply sayings due to the readily available nature ofwords over actions for anyone in any place and at any timeDEFINITIONS & RULING OF ADHAN
  • 57.  Praise be to Allah Who has showered Hisservants with His encompassing Mercy byprescribing the call for prayers to be anannouncement and invitation of the entry ofCongregational prayers time usingsignificant words Which include someessential belief matters:WHY THESE WORDS?
  • 58. WHY THESE WORDS? He has started with the Greatness of Allah, which include the existence ofAllah and His perfection He followed it with Tawheed (Monotheism) and the negation of associating orsetting partners with Allah In it is the confirmation of the Message of Muhammad, may the blessings andpeace be upon him. Then, He calls to specified obedience “Prayers” after the Testimony (as it is notknown except through the messenger). Next, He calls to success (Falah), which is the permanent, stay indicating theinevitable Return. Finally, He repeats for emphasis sake.
  • 59. WHY THESE WORDS? Anas said, "Bilal was ordered to pronounce thewording of Adhan twice and of Iqama once only." Thesub narrator Ismali said, "I mentioned that to Aiyuband he added (to that), "Except Iqama (i.e. Qad-Qamatis-Salat which should be said twice)." “Allah is the Greatest” “The First part of theTestimony”“ The second part Testimony” “ Come to Prayer” “ Come to Success” “ Allah is the Greatest” “There is no god worthy of worship exceptAllah” At Fajr (Dawn) The caller adds Time “Prayer is betterthan sleep.”
  • 60. Ibn Umar said,In the time of the Messenger of Allāh, peaceand blessings of Allāh be on him, (sentencesof) the Adhān used to be repeated twice, and(those of) the iqāmah (were uttered) onlyonce, with this exception that he used tosay, Prayer is ready, Prayer is ready.HOW TO PERFORM THE ADHĀN
  • 61. Sad reported thatThe Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings ofAllāh be on him, commanded Bilāl to put histwo forefingers into his ears (when deliveringthe Adhān); this, he said, would help in theraising of thy voice.HOW TO PERFORM THE ADHĀN
  • 62. It is related about Bilāl that he put his twoforefingers into his ears (when delivering theAdhān), while Ibn Umar did not put his fore-fingers into his ears;Ibrāhīm said, There is no harm in delivering theadhān without performing ablution; and Atāsaid, Ablution is necessary and it is the(Prophets) practice..HOW TO PERFORM THE ADHĀN
  • 63. HOW TO PERFORM THE ADHĀNAbū Juhaifah said,That he saw Bilāl delivering the Adhān. (Hesaid), So I followed him when he turned hisface to one side and to the other in the adhān.Mūsā said,I saw Bilāl (when) he went forth to the Abtahand delivered the Adhān, so when he reachedhayya ala-l-salā, hayya ala-falāh, he turned hisneck to the right side and to the left and did notturn round.
  • 64. A woman of the Banī Najjār said,My house was the highest house in theenvirons of the mosque and Bilāl used todeliver the morning Adhān on it.HOW TO PERFORM THE ADHĀN
  • 65. HOW TO PERFORM THE ADHĀNA woman of the Banī Najjār said,My house was the highest house in theenvirons of the mosque and Bilāl used todeliver the morning Adhān on it.
  • 66. PREFERRED PRACTICES OF THEADHĀNThe imām should have regard for the weakestand make his prayer so light that the weakestman may not feel it a burden.Islām thus requires that a duty which relates tothe prayers should be performed out of love.
  • 67. PREFERRED PRACTICES OF THEADHĀNAbū Saīd Khudrī reported that the Messenger ofAllāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be onhim, said:"When you hear the Adhān, say what themudhdhin says."Yahyā said, some of our brethren related to methat when he (Muāwiyah) heard thewords, Come to prayer, he said, There is nostrength nor power but in Allāh, and hesaid, Thus did we hear your Prophet, peace andblessings of Allāh be on him, say.
  • 68. PREFERRED PRACTICES OF THEADHĀNJābir reported that the Messenger of Allāh, peaceand blessings of Allāh be on him, said:"Whoeversays when he hears the adhān,O Allāh! the Lord of this perfect call and everliving prayer, grant to Muhammad nearness andexcellence and raise him to the position of glorywhich Thou hast promised him,My intercession will be due to him on the day ofResurrection.“
  • 69. PREFERRED PRACTICES OF THEADHĀNZiyād said thatHe delivered the Adhān, and Bilāl desired to callout the iqāmah but the Prophet, peace andblessings of Allāh be on him, said:"O brother of Sudā! The one who calls out theAdhān shall call out the iqāmah.”Sudā is the name of a tribe in Yaman and Ziyādwas a member of this tribe.
  • 70. PREFERRED PRACTICES OF THEADHĀNAbd Allāh reported that the Messenger of Allāh,peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said:"Between every two Adhāns, there is a prayer forhim who likes."(He said this) thrice.By the two Adhāns are meant Adhān andIqāmah. The interval between the two should beat least such that a man may be- able to say tworakahs of optional prayer.Another hadīth says that there should be aninterval such that a man taking his food mayfinish it, say, about a quarter of an hour.
  • 71. PREFERRED PRACTICES OF THEADHĀNThe Iqāmah thus consists of;Allāhu Akbar being uttered twice (in Adhān it isuttered four times).Each of the shahādah sentences once,Hayya ala-l-salā and hayyala-l-falāh each once(without turning to right or left),Qad qāmati-l-salā twice,Allāhu Akbar and lā ilāha illa-llāh once.
  • 72. PREFERRED PRACTICES OF THEADHĀNThe iqāmah may also consist of all the sentences ofthe Adhān with the addition in its proper place of qadqāmati-l-salā uttered twice.Between the delivery of the Adhān and the iqāmahthere is another difference. The sentences of theAdhān are delivered leisurely and in as loud a voiceas possible, while the delivery of the iqāmah ismarked by quickness.
  • 73. PREFERRED PRACTICES OF THEADHĀNIt’s mentioned to prohibit leaving the mosque after the call has been madeexcept for a valid excuse or the intention to go back. Abu Hurayra saidthat the prophet, peace be upon him commanded us to by saying, “If youwere present in the mosque and the call for prayers has been made, letnot anyone of you leave it until he prays.”It was also narrated by some of the prophet’s companions that, “Whoeverheard the call and did not answer it, his prayer will not be accepted”
  • 74. PREFERRED PRACTICES OF THEADHĀNUthmān ibn Abi-l-Ās said,O Messenger of Allāh! Make me the imām of apeople. He said: "Thou art their imām and dothou follow the weakest of them and appoint aMuadhdhin who does not take anyremuneration for his Adhān.“Abu Hurairah said, the Messenger ofAllāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be onhim, commanded us (saying): "When you are inthe mosque and a call for prayers is sounded, letnot one of you go out until he has said hisprayers."
  • 75. Entering of TimeIntention of the Adha‟anPerforming it in ArabicExaggerationArrangements of wordsThe sequence of its wordsRaising the voiceCONDITIONS OF ADHAN
  • 76. RULES FOR THE MU‟ADHIN1. Preferable to have Wudhu (notcompulsory)2. Face towards Qiblah3. Turn the face towards right while saying“Hayya alas-Salaah” and left whilesaying “Hayya alal-falaah”.4. To say the words at slow intervals.5. To say it with loud voice even if you arealone
  • 77.  The tallest necks on Judgment Day Are forgiven when their voices are raised Everything and everyone hears their voicesstand as a witness for them The supplication of the prophet for them tobe forgivenVIRTUES OF CALLERS
  • 78. VIRTUES OF CALLERSAbū Hurairah said, The Messenger ofAllāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be onhim, said:"The Imām is a surety and the deliverer of theAdhān is one in whom confidence is placed;„O Allāh! direct aright the leaders of prayer andgrant protection to the deliverers of the Adhān.‟"
  • 79. VIRTUES OF CALLERSAbd Allāh reported that Abu Saīd Khudrī saidto him, I see thee living among goats and in thedesert, so when thou are among thy goats or inthy desert and deliverest the Adhān forprayer, raise thy voice with the adhān, forneither jinn nor man nor anything else hears thevoice of the crier within its reach but it shall bearwitness for him on the day of Resurrection.
  • 80. Bilal Bin RubahSumrah bin Mu‟eerah Abu-AthoobahUmr Bin Za‟edah Ibn Um MaktoomSa‟ad Bin Al-QartTHE CALLERS OF THE PROPHET:
  • 81. MAY ALLAHBLESS YOUALL FORATTENDINGTHIS BRIEFREMINDER
  • 82. ADHĀN AND IQĀMAHMuslims must give up all business onhearing the call for prayerAny one can attain to complete self-development through the realization ofthe divine in him or her, which is broughtabout by prayer.
  • 83. THE WORDS OF THE ADHĀNAbū Mabdhūrah said,I said, O Messenger of Allāh! Teach me theway of delivering the adhān. He said, So hetouched his forehead (and) said:"Thou shouldst say:Allāh is the Greatest, Allāh is theGreatest, Allāh is the Greatest, Allāh is theGreatest.Thou shouldst raise thy voice with it; thenthou shouldst say,
  • 84. I bear witness that there is no God but Allāh, Ibear witness that there is no God but Allāh, Ibear witness that Muhammad is the Messengerof Allāh, I bear witness that Muhammad is theMessenger of Allāh.Thou shouldst lower thy voice with it; then thoushouldst raise thy voice with the bearing ofwitness,THE WORDS OF THE ADHĀN
  • 85. THE WORDS OF THE ADHĀNI bear witness that there is no God but Allāh, Ibear witness that there is no God but Allāh, Ibear witness that Muhammad is the Messengerof Allāh, I bear witness that Muhammad is theMessenger of Allāh. Come to prayer, Come toprayer; Come to success, Come to success.
  • 86. THE WORDS OF THE ADHĀNThen if it is the morning prayer, thou shouldstsay, Prayer is better than sleep Prayer is betterthan sleep;(Then thou shouldst say),Allāh is the Greatest, Allāh is theGreatest, there is no God but Allāh.
  • 87. THE WORDS OF THE ADHĀNThe repetition of the shahādah a second time asstated in this hadīth is known as tarjī (lit.returning to a thing again and again).As the previous hadīth and the one that followsshow, the general practice in the Holy Prophetstime was that the Adhān consisted of fifteensentences;
  • 88. THE WORDS OF THE ADHĀNAllāhu-Akbar four times, ashhadu an lā ilāhailla-llāh twice, ashhadu anna MuhammadanRasūlu-llāh twice (both sentences beginningwith ashhadu are known as the shahādah) hayyaala-l-salā (pronounced ala-s-salā) twice (turningthe face to the right),
  • 89. THE WORDS OF THE ADHĀNhayya ala-l-falāh twice (turning the face to theleft), Allāhu Akbar twice and lā ilāha illa-llāhonce.The tarji or repeating the two shahādahsentences twice again in a still louder voiceseems to have been resorted to onlyoccasionally.
  • 90. THE WORDS OF THE ADHĀNIn the Adhān for the morning prayer thesentence al-salātu (pronounced as-salāt) khair-un mina-l-naum (pronounced mina-n-naum)was added after hayya ala-l-falāh, andrepeated twice.
  • 91. ACCOUNTS/INFLUENCE OFADHAN
  • 92. ACCOUNTS/INFLUENCE OFADHAN
  • 93. HISTORY/WHEN WAS IT LEGISLATED?
  • 94. HOW TO CALL?
  • 95. :.HOW TO CALL?
  • 96. VIRTUES OF CALLERS
  • 97.  Prophet Muhammad Peace be upon him said, “Bilalcalls at night so eat and drink until Ibn Maktoomcalls.” Agreed upon It‟s recommended to leave adequate time to separatebetween Adha‟an and Iqama for preparation toprayers because Adha‟an has been prescribed for thisreason..HOW TO CALL?