JACK LONDON(1876-1916)Was born in San FranciscoMother- Flora Wellman(interested in spiritism)Probable Father- William Chaney(journalist,lawyer,astrologer)He wanted her to have an abortionWas raised by an ex-slave Virginia Prentiss1876 Flora married John London(partially disabled Civil War veteran)They moved to Oakland
ADOLESCENTWorked at various hard labor jobsPirated for oysters on San Francisco BaySailed the Pacific on a sealing ship(near Japan)He was very impressed by his first sailingWhen he was 23, he wrote a letter to William Chaney Member of WORKER’S Socialistic Party in USAIn 1897 went to Alaska- influence of THE GOLD RUSH
Private LIFEWanted to have a big house, childrenMarried Elizabeth MaddernThey Had two daughtersDivorced, his life with Charmian KitteredgeTogether with Charmian traveled by ship called SNARK(Started to write Martin Iden)Visited Hawaii, TaitiDeveloped Kidney disease of unknown originDied in 1916, overdosed with morphine
INTERESTING FACTSHis real name was JOHN GRIFFITH LONDONAmong most publicized figures of his dayMost paid. Earned till 50 thousand dollars for 1 bookAmong 1st writers who worked with movie industryHis novel “THE SEA-WOLF” became the basis for the first full-length American movieWas very popular in USSR, because he was socialistThere is a lake in Russia, Magadan called after the name of Jack London
Began writing at the age of 17,when he won essaycontest.First book “The Son of the Wolfe” published in1900Wrote 50 books :novels , short stories ,essays ,butmost of them are fictions.His best works are Alaskan stories:"Call of theWild" (1903), "White Fang" (1906), "BurningDaylight" (1910). Autobiographical novels: "TheRoad" (1907) and "John Barleycorn" (1913 ).Philosophic work “The Sea Wolfe” .Short stories: "To Build a Fire," "The Law ofLife,""The White Silence."
Style of writing Naturalism(environment and animals) Adventure(Canada , Alaska , Pacific islands,California) Wrote from socialist viewpoint.(The Iron Heel) Drama, suspense , humor, even romance.
Accusations of plagiarism He purchased some ideas from newspapers,novels. Egerton R. Young claimed “The Call of the Wild” was taken from his book “My Dogs in the Northland” Similarities between London’s “Moon-Face” and Frank Horris’s “"The Passing of Cock-eye Blacklock" 1906 New York World published 18 columns from Jack London’s short story “Love of Life”,It was identical to Augustus Biddleand J. K Macdonald, titled "Lost in the Land of the Midnight Sun." London noted the World did not accuse him of "plagiarism," but only of "identity of time and situation"
Novels•The Cruise of the Dazzler (1902)•A Daughter of the Snows•The Kempton-Wace Letters(1903)(published anonymously, co-authoredwith Anna Strunsky)•The Sea-Wolf(1904)•The Game(1905)•White Fang(1906)•Before Adam(1907)•The Iron Heel(1908)•Martin Eden(1909)Burning Daylight(1910
Short Stories Collections "An Old Soldiers Story" (1894) "Who Believes in Ghosts!" (1895) •"Who Believes in Ghosts!" "And FRISCO Kid Came Back" (1895) (1895) "Nights Swim In Yeddo Bay" (1895) •"An Old Soldiers Story" (1894) "One More Unfortunate" (1895) •"And FRISCO Kid Came Back" "Sakaicho, Hona Asi And Hakadaki" (1895) (1895) •"Nights Swim In Yeddo Bay" "A Klondike Christmas" (1897) (1895) "Mahatmas Little Joke" (1897) •"One More Unfortunate" (1895) "O Haru" (1897) •"Sakaicho, Hona Asi And "Plague Ship" (1897) Hakadaki" (1895) "The Strange Experience Of A •"A Klondike Christmas" (1897) Misogynist" (1897) •"Mahatmas Little Joke" (1897) "Two Gold Bricks" •"O Haru" (Experience Of A Misogynist" (1897)
To build a fire This story was published in 1908 The earlier version was first printed in The Youths Companion published May 29, 1902 A 1969 film was made by David Cobham, with Ian Hogg as the man, with the story read by Orson Welles.A French version was made in 2003 starring Olivier Pagès,and an American one with a modified story in 2008.
Summary A man is traveling on the Yukon Trail on a very cold day (−75 °F/−59 °C) He becomes scared and builds a fire The man decides to kill the dog Two main characters the man and his dog Nature is portrayed as the antagonist