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    Eden presentation 4 Eden presentation 4 Presentation Transcript

    • Interuniversity Center for Educational Research and Advanced Training Paolo Tosato, Juliana Raffaghelli European Distance and E-Learning Network Teachers’ Training in the era of access Content, Metadata, and Recognition of Self-learning Activities to Shape an Open Training of Trainers Model
    • Contents EDEN Research Workshop Paolo Tosato, Juliana Raffaghelli 10/22/10
      • Background
        • The role of trainers
        • Open Educational Resources
        • Metadata
      • Research questions
        • Teachers’ training approach
        • Research design-principles
        • General architecture
        • Repository of metadata resources
        • Process of work: a participatory approach
      • Conclusions
    • BACKGROUND The role of trainers Teachers must improve ICT and linguistic/intercultural competences to become reflective/research practitioners (Margiotta, 2007; OCDE, 2009) This requires rethinking teachers’ training models with more emphasis in self-learning strategies and use of Web resources 10/22/10 Information Society challenges put in evidence a lack of competences by the teachers to face this complexity ( Hargreaves, 2003 ; European Commission, 2007) EDEN Research Workshop Paolo Tosato, Juliana Raffaghelli
    • BACKGROUND Open Educational Resources 10/22/10
      • Open educational resources includes (Wikipedia, OER definition)
        • Learning contents
        • Tools
        • Implementation resources
      • First steps
        • OpenCourseware (MIT, 2001)
        • UNESCO-IIEP FORUM (2002) - coined the term “Open Educational Resources”
        • MIT’s initiative has inspired an increasing number of institutions to join the movement
      EDEN Research Workshop Paolo Tosato, Juliana Raffaghelli
    • BACKGROUND Metadata METADATA Definition of standards (DC, LOM) for sharing the same metadata in different platforms 10/22/10
      • To manage enormous amounts of digital objects creates some problems:
        • How to describe different aspect of a resources?
        • How to classify the resources?
        • How to facilitate the retrieval process?
      EDEN Research Workshop Paolo Tosato, Juliana Raffaghelli
    • Research questions 10/22/10 Our training approach get an important benefit from metadata methodologies, especially involving users in giving criteria to define the contents they generate
      • Main questions
        • Do the teachers use open digital contents?
        • Why do the teachers download open contents?
        • How to maintain the interest and motivation about some resources in order to foster the production and sharing?
        • How to facilitate the users to reach communities that will allow to participate in further constructive processes?
        • In which extent is possible to analyze and recognize informal learning occured through interaction with content and with peer?
      EDEN Research Workshop Paolo Tosato, Juliana Raffaghelli
    • OER-UNIVIRTUAL Teachers’ training approach Open Educational Resources Flexible Learning Environments 10/22/10 EDEN Research Workshop Paolo Tosato, Juliana Raffaghelli
    • OER-UNIVIRTUAL Research design-principles 10/22/10
      • The research design is based upon two convergent strategies:
        • Metadata and classification of open contents for educators
        • Learning Design in virtual/blended learning environments
      • The leading hypothesis is that this approach promotes an active engagement in processes of knowledge building with impact on
        • teachers’ understandings about open education;
        • teachers’ specific competences in recognizing useful content, and in use, re-shape and share them
      Development of their professional identity as innovative professionals rather than outdated workers EDEN Research Workshop Paolo Tosato, Juliana Raffaghelli
    • OER-UNIVIRTUAL General architecture 10/22/10
      • Main components
        • Repository of metadata resources (DSpace)
        • Content Management System (CMS)
        • Learning Management System (LMS)
        • Database containing the data concerning the users of the system
        • Repository Interface
        • OER Portal
      Training paths and connections with other users will be suggested based on objects downloaded and user profiles EDEN Research Workshop Paolo Tosato, Juliana Raffaghelli
    • OER-UNIVIRTUAL Repository of metadata resources 10/22/10
      • Three main actors
        • Educators
        • Metadata editors
        • Research & Learning Design Team
      • Metadata application profile
        • CMM (Common Metadata Model) from Share.TEC project
        • LOM + elements that are suitable for the domain of Teacher Education
      • Expose metadata through OAI-PMH protocol
        • Integration of DSpace with CMS and LMS
        • Harvesting of metadata by Share.TEC (european vision of our resources)
      EDEN Research Workshop Paolo Tosato, Juliana Raffaghelli
    • OER-UNIVIRTUAL Process of work: a participatory approach 10/22/10
      • Deploy and personalization of a metadata repository (DSpace)
      • Selection and organization of a set of digital contents
      • Training of metadata editors
        • Discussion about TEO (Teacher Education Ontology), Share.TEC project
        • Creation of a common understanding about the meaning of each field value to be used to describe a resource (in particular, pedagogical fields)
      • Collect feedback
        • usability problems related to the tool adopted to insert the metadata
        • logic underlying collection
      • Enrichment of the repository (more than 500 metadata records)
      EDEN Research Workshop Paolo Tosato, Juliana Raffaghelli
    • Conclusions (1) 10/22/10
      • From our experience
        • Not all teachers are prepared to reuse and collaborate with other users in enriching a repositoty of open contents (many of them think that author-producer/reader-user are profiles clearly separated)
        • Teachers, in their practice, are not people that simply download a resource an use it in their classes, but they customize the object and combine it with others resources
      • Our proposal
        • Introduction of Web tools that guide users both to:
        • - Download -> understanding metadata
        • - Upload -> describing their own contents
        • As principles to being aware of the circle use-remix-create-share
        • It is not only important to collect users’ comments about possible applications of a resource, but also in sharing new resources ( making visible the circle use-remix-create-share )
      EDEN Research Workshop Paolo Tosato, Juliana Raffaghelli
    • Conclusions (2) 10/22/10 The main challenge Generating continuity and motivation in sharing digital resources, extending the perspective of Open Education within the teachers’ practice, as part of a professional change Training teachers to work with metadata on its own materials as the kernel of good sharing, could be a good strategy to reach the paradigm of Open Education, and quality of OER EDEN Research Workshop Paolo Tosato, Juliana Raffaghelli
    • Thank you!
      • Any question?
      • [email_address]
      • [email_address]
      10/22/10 EDEN Research Workshop Paolo Tosato, Juliana Raffaghelli