Human Resource Management, 5E Human Resource Management, 5E
Recruiting Human Resources
Nature and Purposes of Recruitment
• Recruitment is the process of searching for and obtaining
applicants for jobs
• Recruitment has several benefits for a firm:
– Determine the present and future requirements of the organisation in conjunction
with its personnel-planning and job-analysis activities.
– Increase the pool of job candidates at minimum cost.
– Help increase the success rate of the selection process by reducing the number of
visibly underqualified or overqualified job applicants.
– Help reduce the probability that job applicants, once recruited and selected, will
leave the organisation only after a short period of time.
– Meet the organisation’s legal and social obligations regarding the composition of its
– Begin identifying and preparing potential job applicants who will be appropriate
– Increase organisational and individual effectiveness in the short term and long term.
– Evaluate the effectiveness of various recruiting techniques and sources for all types
of job applicants.
Factors Influencing Recruitment
• Supply and demand
• Unemployment rate
• Labour market
• Sons of soil
• Size of the firm
• Growth and expansion
Sources of Recruitment
Professional or Trade Associations
Walk0ins and Write-ins
Radio and Television
Acquisitions and Mergers
Evaluation and Control
• Salaries for recruiters.
• Management and professional time spent on preparing
job description, job specifications, advertisements,
agency liaison, and so forth.
• Cost of advertisements or other recruitment methods,
that is, agency fees.
• Cost of producing supporting literature.
• Recruitment overheads and administrative expenses.
• Costs of overtime and outsourcing while the vacancies
• Cost of recruiting suitable candidates for the selection
Philosophies of Recruitment
• Realistic job previews
– over time work
– employee leasing
– temporary employment
Typical Consequences of Job
Previews Traditional Procedures Realistic Procedures
Set initial job expectations too high Set job expectations realistically
Job is typically viewed as attractive
Job may or not be attractive depending
on individual needs
High rate of job offer acceptance Some accept, some reject job offer
Work experience belies expectations Work experience confirms expectations
Lower job survival, dissatisfaction,
frequent thoughts of quitting
High job survival, satisfaction, no
thoughts of quitting
• Think of a firm you want to submit job
application. Which factors attract you
towards the company?
• Have you at any time tried internet
recruiting? What has been your
experience with it when compared with
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