Management Information
Systems
Types of information systems
 For different types of
organizations
 For different functions within
organizations
 For d...
Major Functional
Subsystem
Some typical uses
Marketing Sales forecasting, sales planning, customer and sales
analysis
Manu...
Value Chain and IS
1 -
1 -
Activity
Subsystem
Some typical uses
Transaction
Processing
Processing of orders, shipments
and receipts
Operational c...
1 -
1 -
Time
Scales
Level of
Detail
Source
Degree of
Uncertainty
Frequency
Operational Middle Strategic
Management Management ...
How MIS Obtains Data from
TPS
1 -
1
Decision Support Systems
 Serve middle management
 Support non routine decision making
◦ E.g. What is impact on produc...
1
Voyage Estimation Model based
DSS
1
Executive support systems
Support senior management
Address nonroutine decisions requiring
judgment, evaluation, and i...
1
Model of an ESS
This system pools data from
diverse internal and external
sources and makes them
available to executives...
1
Interrelationships Among
Systems
TPS are major producers of information, which, in turn, produce information for
other s...
1 -
16
Types of Decisions
Level Operational
Control
Management
Control
Strategic
Planning
Structured
Decisions
Inventory
Reord...
17
Information
CharacteristicsStructured Unstructured
Prespecified Ad Hoc
Scheduled Unscheduled
Detailed Summarized
Freque...
Campus Overview
907/A Uvarshad,
Gandhinagar
Highway, Ahmedabad –
382422.
Ahmedabad Kolkata
Infinity Benchmark,
10th Floor,...
Level of people and their information needs
Level of people and their information needs
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Level of people and their information needs

2,095

Published on

Level of people and their information needs - Unitedworld School of Business

Published in: Education, Business, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
2,095
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
17
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Level of people and their information needs

  1. 1. Management Information Systems
  2. 2. Types of information systems  For different types of organizations  For different functions within organizations  For different business needs  and at different management levels of an organization 1 -
  3. 3. Major Functional Subsystem Some typical uses Marketing Sales forecasting, sales planning, customer and sales analysis Manufacturing Production planning and scheduling, cost control analysis. Logistics Planning and control of purchasing, inventories, distribution Personnel Planning personnel requirements, analyzing performance, salary administration. Finance and Accounting Financial analysis, cost analysis, capital requirements planning, income measurement Information processing Information system planning, cost-effectiveness analysis Top management Strategic Planning, resource allocation
  4. 4. Value Chain and IS 1 -
  5. 5. 1 - Activity Subsystem Some typical uses Transaction Processing Processing of orders, shipments and receipts Operational control Scheduling of activities and performance reports Management control Formulation of budgets and resource allocation Strategic planning Formulation of objectives and strategic plans
  6. 6. 1 -
  7. 7. 1 - Time Scales Level of Detail Source Degree of Uncertainty Frequency Operational Middle Strategic Management Management Management Immediate Highly detailed Internal Certain Frequent Long Term Summarised External Uncertain Infrequent
  8. 8. How MIS Obtains Data from TPS 1 -
  9. 9. 1 Decision Support Systems  Serve middle management  Support non routine decision making ◦ E.g. What is impact on production schedule if December sales doubled?  Often use external information as well from TPS and MIS  DSS are either Model-Driven (What if) or data-driven (Online Analytical Processing)
  10. 10. 1 Voyage Estimation Model based DSS
  11. 11. 1 Executive support systems Support senior management Address nonroutine decisions requiring judgment, evaluation, and insight Incorporate data about external events as well as summarized information from internal MIS and DSS E.g. ESS that provides minute-to- minute view of firm’s financial performance as measured by working capital, AP / AR, cash flow, and inventory.
  12. 12. 1 Model of an ESS This system pools data from diverse internal and external sources and makes them available to executives in an easy-to-use form.
  13. 13. 1 Interrelationships Among Systems TPS are major producers of information, which, in turn, produce information for other systems. increasingly firms are using new technologies to integrate information that resides in many different systems.
  14. 14. 1 -
  15. 15. 16 Types of Decisions Level Operational Control Management Control Strategic Planning Structured Decisions Inventory Reorder, Production Scheduling Pricing of Bids, Selection of credit line Institutions Acquisition of a company, addition of new product line Unstructured Decisions Vendor Selection, hiring new supervisor Allocation of advertising, Internal organization of a deptt Entry into new market, new organization of company
  16. 16. 17 Information CharacteristicsStructured Unstructured Prespecified Ad Hoc Scheduled Unscheduled Detailed Summarized Frequent Infrequent Historical Forward Looking Internal External Narrow Focus Wide Scope
  17. 17. Campus Overview 907/A Uvarshad, Gandhinagar Highway, Ahmedabad – 382422. Ahmedabad Kolkata Infinity Benchmark, 10th Floor, Plot G1, Block EP & GP, Sector V, Salt-Lake, Kolkata – 700091. Mumbai Goldline Business Centre Linkway Estate, Next to Chincholi Fire Brigade, Malad (West), Mumbai – 400 064.
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×