Comparing Education Internationally

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Tom Coupé about differencies in education systems and university rankings

Tom Coupé about differencies in education systems and university rankings

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  • 1. Comparing Education Internationally Tom Coupé October 22, 2009
  • 2. Some Personal Observations
    • Economics
      • University of Ghent (Belgium)
      • Free University of Brussels (Belgium)
      • University College London (UK)
      • Kyiv School of Economics (Ukraine – www.kse.org.ua )
  • 3. Differences within a Country
    • Ghent vs Brussels
      • Academic Level
      • International Character
      • Cultural
      •  Lots of Variation within each country
  • 4. Differences across countries
    • Brussels vs London
      • Even stronger academically
      • Agglomeration effects
      • Less personal attention
      • Even more international (but no English)
      • Native speakers
  • 5. Differences Across Countries
    • Belgium/UK vs Ukraine
      • Profs
        • Full vs part time academics
        • International vs local
        • KSE (www.kse.org.ua)
      • Students
        • Full time vs working
        • Student budget
        • Class behavior
      • Studies
        • Level of intensity
  • 6. Summarizing
    • Expect
      • Academic Shock
      • Cultural Shock
    • Get Informed and Be Prepared!
  • 7. How To Measure The Quality of a University
    • Reputation?
    • Research ?
    • Education?
    • Social Life?
  • 8. Educational Characteristics mentioned # % Relevance 75 41 job placement 74 41 part time education 59 32 Quality 46 25 Methods of teaching 40 22 study environment 37 20 full time education 37 20 Professors 22 12 Free education 20 11 international standards 18 10 Cost 11 6 Interesting 9 5 Reputation 8 4 internship opportunit y 8 4
  • 9. Educational Characteristics ranked Overall Quality of professors 6,95 Practical use of knowledge provided 6,71 Internship opportunities while studying 5,76 Job placement after graduation 5,50 International approach to education 5,27 Innovative teaching methodology 4,82 Classes in English 3,90 Foreign professors 3,62 Intelligence of classmates 2,59
  • 10. Institutional Characteristics mentioned # % Professors 78 43 state degree 74 41 Reputation 74 41 Library 27 15 Location 26 14 no corruption 21 12 Campus quality 19 10 Quality 18 10 IT 16 9 cost of education 13 7 Specialization 12 7 international recognition 11 6 educational environment 11 6
  • 11. Institutional Characteristics ranked Overall Quality of education 7,13 Reputation of the university 6,17 State diploma 5,43 Price of education 4,81 Stipend 3,80 Location of the university 3,41 US diploma 2,89 Quality of dormitories 2,55
  • 12. My Research
    • Revealed Performances: Worldwide Rankings of Economists and Economics Departments, 1990–2000 – Journal of the European Economic Association December 2003, Vol. 1, No. 6, Pages 1309-1345
    • http://homepages.ulb.ac.be/~tcoupe/ranking.html
  • 13. Most Rankings Are Based on Research Output
    • Why?
      • Easiest to make
      • Research is internationally comparable
      • ‘ Objective’
    • Take a bibliographic database
      • Count publications
      • Count Citations
    • Issues
      • Weighting co-authorship and multiple affiliations
      • Negative citations
      • Incomplete bibliographic databases
      • Research is just one performance indicator
      • Only output, not inputs
  • 14. Example - publications U Harvard U Chicago U PA U Stanford MIT U CA Berkeley Northwestern U U Yale U MI Ann Arbor Columbia U Princeton U UCLA NYU Cornell U London school of Econ
  • 15. Example - Citations U Harvard U Chicago U CA Berkeley U Stanford U PA MIT U Yale U MI Ann Arbor Northwestern U Princeton U UCLA Columbia U NYU U WI Madison U Rochester London school of Econ
  • 16. European Universities
    • “ European universities doubled their presence in the top 100. Oxford (+ 4), Cambridge (-12), Warwick(+26), Essex (+42), Southampton (+1), Bonn (-9) remain in the top 100, Birkbeck just misses the top 100 while Birmingham, York and Bristol declined considerably. But 14 new European institutions deserved their place in the top-league, bringing the total of Europe on 22. The freshmen are University College London (from 112 to 21), Toulouse I, Tilburg, Pompeu Fabra, INSEE, Nottingham, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Brussels-ULB, Stockholm School of Economics, London Business School, University College Dublin, Stockholm, Carlos III and Autonoma de Barcelona.”
  • 17. Other Sciences
    • Political Sciences (World)
      • http://www.politicalstudies.org/pdf/psr/hix.pdf
      • Columbia
      • Harvard
      • Stanford
      • Ohio State
      • EUI (5), LSE (15), Essex(16), Oxford (19)
    • Computer Science
      • http://www.isr.uci.edu/projects/ranking/
    • Math, Physics, Biology, Chemistry (Europe)
      • http://www.excellenceranking.org/eusid/EUSID
  • 18. Reputation
    • The Times Higher Education
    • University Rankings (rather than department)
      • Subjective
      • Typically based on Research Achievements And History
    • Academic Peer Review 40%
    • Employer Review 10%
    • Faculty Student Ratio 20%
    • Citations per Faculty 20%
    • International Faculty 5%
    • International Students 5%
    • http://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/world-university-rankings/methodology/simple-overview
  • 19. Educational
    • Subjective
    • Ask Students, Alumni
    • http://www.che-ranking.de/cms/?getObject=613&getLang=en
    • Conflict of interest!
  • 20. Party Schools
    • Princeton Review  
      • 122,000 college
      • 2009-2010
    • Pennsylvania State University
    • University of Florida
    • University of Mississippi
    • University of Georgia
    • Ohio University
    • http://campuslife.suite101.com/article.cfm/top_american_party_schools_for_20092010
    • Europe?
  • 21. The ideal ranking (from the student’s point of view)
    • Added Value
    • Life Time Utility if at X vs Life Time Utility if at Y and vs Life Time Utility if stopped studying
    • Alumni Salary
      • http://rankings.ft.com/businessschoolrankings/global-mba-rankings
    • Student Placement
      • http://ideas.repec.org/p/ctl/louvec/2005041.html
      • US dominates, Oxford, LSE and Cambridge
  • 22. Value Added
    • NBER WP 15339 ‘How large are returns to schooling? Hint: Money isn't everything’
    • ‘ Experiences and skills acquired in school reverberate throughout life, not just through higher earnings. Schooling also affects the degree one enjoys work and the likelihood of being unemployed. It leads individuals to make better decisions about health, marriage, and parenting. It also improves patience, making individuals more goal-oriented and less likely to engage in risky behavior. Schooling improves trust and social interaction, and may offer substantial consumption value to some students’.
    • ‘ non-pecuniary returns to schooling are at least as large as pecuniary ones’.
  • 23. Summary
    • Expect
      • Academic Shock
      • Cultural Shock
    • Information matters
      • Know the limits of rankings
    • Look at Value Added
      • Earnings/placement (and other)
    • Be Realistic about your own ability
      • Diversify!