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Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 1 TABLE OF CONTENTSList of Acronyms………………………………………………………………..2Executive Summary……………………………………………………………31. Introduction 5The Informal City Dialogues Project………………………………….....5The Study Area: Metro Manila…………………………………………..5-13II. Actual Community Mapping1. WelfareVille, Mandaluyong City 14Brief Profile of the Community……………………………………… ...15-16Focus Group Discussion Proper………………………………………..17-24Photo Documentation…………………………………………………..25-322. Barangay Doña Imelda, Quezon City 33Brief Profile of the Respondents………………………………………..34Focus Group Discussion Proper……………………………………….35-43Photo Documentation………………………………………………….44-463. Barangay Estero de San Miguel, Manila 47Brief Profile of the Respondents………………………………………..48Focus Group Discussion Proper………………………………………..49-52Photo Documentation…………………………………………………..53-602. Barangay Sto. Niño, San Mateo, Rizal 61Brief Profile of the Respondents………………………………………..62Focus Group Discussion Proper………………………………………..63-71Photo Documentation…………………………………………………..72-763. Barangay Manggahan, Pasig City 77Brief Profile of the Respondents………………………………………..78Focus Group Discussion Proper………………………………………..78-82Photo Documentation…………………………………………………..83-88
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 2 List of AcronymsASoG Ateneo School of GovernmentBHA Banaba extension Homeowners AssociationBHW Barangay Health WorkersCCT Conditional Cash TransferCFM Community Futures MappingCHT Community Health TrainingDENR Department of Environment and Natural ResourcesDILG Department of Interior and Local GovernmentDOH Department of HealthDPWH Department of Public Works and HighwaysDSWD Department of Social Welfare and DevelopmentFFF Forum for the FutureFGD Focus Group DiscussionHLURB Housing and Land Use Regulatory BoardICD Informal City DialoguesISF Informal Settler FamiliesLGU Local Government UnitMERALCO Manila Electric CompanyMMA Metropolitan Manila AuthorityMRB Medium Rise BuildingMWSS Metropolitan Waterworks and Sewerage SystemNAPICO Ninoy Aquino Pilot ComunityNGO Non-Governmental OrganizationOFW Overseas Filipino WorkersPPPP/ 4Ps Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino ProgramPWD Persons With DisabilityRHA Riverside Homeowners AssociationSK Sangguniang KabataanVAT Value Added Tax
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 3 Executive SummaryIn order to explore the different forms of informality in Metro Manila, the Ateneo School ofGovernment Informal City Dialogues (ICD) team used a highly participatory approach bycombining Focus Group Discussion (FGD) method with social mapping as part of thepreparatory work. This is called Community Futures Mapping (CFM). The CFM was used tointroduced the project and elicit information and capture insights as well as perspectives ofplausible futures from people living in five (5) selected informal settler communitiesrepresenting North, South, East, West and Central part of Metro Manila. This is donethrough focus group discussions with the use of maps and a timeline of the future.A series of CFM were conducted in the following communities of Metro Manila fromFebruary 16, 2013 to March 1, 2013: Welfareville in Barangay Addition Hills(representing theCentral) on February 16, 2013; Brgy. Doña Imelda, Quezon City (representing North ) andEstero de San Miguel, Manila (representing West Metro) on February 23, 2013; Banaba,Brgy. Sto. Niño, San Mateo, Rizal (representing East o); and 5) on February 27, 2013; andManggahan Floodway, Pasig City (representing South) on March 1, 2013.Fifteen participants were selected from each community with an almost equal genderdistribution representing all sectors of the community such as women, youth, persons withdisabilities (PWDs). Some of the community members are also recipients of the PantawidPamilyang Pilipino Program (PPPP/4Ps) of the government.The CFM has three (3) main activities: the Mapping Exercise, the Timeline Exercise and theVisioning Exercise. The Mapping Exercise used a 6’ x 6’ tarpaulin map of the community toobtain household and community information from participants. Using sticker dots, theyplotted their houses, identified the type of material used, plotted the location of availablefacilities and services, and identified the danger zones in their barangay. On the other hand,the Timeline Exercise was used to get the perspective of respondents on the actualanticipated events that may happen in their lives and within their community in 2013, 2018,2023, and 2028. The last is the Visioning Exercise where the participants envisioned theirideal community in the future through drawing/illustrations of their preferred houses,community, environment, including facilities and services in a 6’x6’ tarpaulin map of theirbarangay.At the end of the workshop, issues raised by the participants from the five (5) communitieswere highlighted. The most common issue is the security of tenure among the informalsettlers. Residents receive demolition threats which can usually take place anytime in theland which they do not own. Another main issue is the lack of livelihood opportunities andjobs that does not match their skills, knowledge, and experiences. This was usually attributedto poor education.
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 4 Other issues include informality in terms of access to basic services such as housing,electricity, water, and loans. Facilities such as medical facilities, daycare centers, schools andtransportation are usually located far from the community.Despite all these different issues in informality, the participants were still very optimistic invisioning their future. They still hope that help will come from the government and cansomehow alleviate poverty in their community. They also knew that initiatives should alsocome from themselves in order to adapt to changes in their environment.
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 5 I. IntroductionAbout the Informal City Dialogues Project The Rockefeller Foundation has launched the Centennial Urban Challenge for the 21st Century Project formally referred to as “Informal City Dialogues: The 2040 Challenge”. The Project aims to examine the formal and informal structures within cities, understand the relationship between the formal and informal, and envision a future for these cities. Six cities around the world (Accra in Ghana, Bangkok in Thailand, Chennai in India, Lima in Peru, Metro Manila in Philippines, and Nairobi in Kenya) have been selected to participate in this project and propose innovations. The proposed innovations will compete with the other cities proposals from the Informal City Dialogues Urban Innovation Grant Pool. Proposals selected may receive a maximum of $100,000.00 from the Rockefeller Foundation to support 1ayear of work on the innovation. The main objective of the Informal City Dialogues: The 2040 Urban Challenge is to explore how to bridge and manage formality and informality in cities in order to expand opportunities for poor and vulnerable populations and to increase resilience of the future. The Forum for the Future (FFF) is the sub grantee for the Project and is partnering with the Ateneo De Manila University-‐School of Government (ASoG) as implementer of the project in Metro Manila. ASoG will work closely with different stakeholders in implementing the project. There are two multi-‐stakeholder workshops expected out of this project: (1) a Community Inclusive Futures 2040 Mapping Workshop which aims to develop a set of alternative futures reflecting inclusive innovations especially in the areas of development and human security in Metro Manila; and, (2) Inclusive Futures 2040 Innovation Planning Workshop that will develop inclusive responses and formulate action steps. It is expected that at the end of these workshops, the stakeholders would be able to propose an entry to the Rockefeller Foundation’s Challenge Grant. The Study Area: Metro Manila Metro Manila is a coastal mega-‐city bursting at its seams. As of May 1, 2010 census, it has a population of 11, 855,9751. This mega-‐city is considered as a low-‐lying area that has been created by the forces of nature, the major river systems (ie. Pasig and Marikina Rivers), the sea and another body of water-‐ the Laguna de Bay. Its proximity to these bodies of water has turned the area into a place of commerce and livelihood, thus, attracting multitudes across the centuries. The National Economic Development Authority has considered Metro Manila as a growth corridor and is within urban industrial beltway.2 Its rapid urbanization was accompanied by the infrastructure boom driven by the renewed economic 1 www.nscb.gov.ph/activestats/psgc/regveiw.asp?region=13 2 www.neda.gov.ph/econreports_dbs/mega_regions/Urban Beltway.pdf
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 6 confidence and investments. It has an extensive road network that connects various cities and a municipality characterized by radial roads, semi-‐conductor arcs, and a multitude of transportation arteries. Rapid transit systems and public transport systems traverse most of the major cities. Where these roads are, one can find bustling commercial districts that have, until recently, been slowly transformed into mixed-‐use districts with the construction of condominiums seeking to provide accommodations to the rising middle class that are given opportunities by economic ventures like the business processing offices (or BPOs). Central business districts have risen not only in Makati, Manila and Quezon City but also in Pasig, Mandaluyong, Pasig and Taguig. New developments serve as attractors with their take on post-‐modern innovations (ie. in Bonifacio Global City, East Wood, Manila Bay Reclamation Area, Alabang Estates, Madrigal Business Park, Ortigas Centre, and the Filinvest Corporate City.3 Where such business districts rise, the demand for labour rises. Perceived opportunities to earn a living and the sheer experience of a metropolitan lifestyle often drive in-‐migration to Metro Manila particularly among those considered as non-‐rich. The initial cost of housing and the general cost of living pave the way for temporary settlement arrangements. These temporary arrangements will soon evolve into relationships of informality. The study commissioned by Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council (HUDCC) in 2007 recorded some 550,771 settlers in Metro Manila. HUDCC defines informal settlers as those households “living in a lot without the consent of the property owner; located in danger areas; in government infrastructure project sites; in protected/forest areas (except for indigenous peoples); in Areas for Priority Development” and in other government/public lands or facilities not intended for habitation” 4 Political correctness have encourage Urban Development Housing Act (UDHA) to reflect on the term informal settlers and much rather used the term homeless and underprivileged to include those in urban and urbanizing areas but whose family incomes are challenged; do not own any housing facilities anywhere in the Philippines; live in makeshift dwelling units; do not have security of tenure; reside in danger areas, public spaces, government infrastructure projects and private land but not members of squatting syndicates and are not professional squatters. Moreover, the occupancy claim on the land where they reside is before 31 March 1992.5 Where these informal settlements rise, a range of businesses to cater to the needs of these settlers are also encouraged. Low investments but quick return of investments is often the prime objectives of the commercial engagements. Thus, 3 www.nnc.gov.ph/component/k2/itemlist/category/89 4 Cruz, Jeannette (2010), Estimating Informal Settlers in the Philippines, presentation made during the 11th National Convention on Statistics (NCS), EDSA Shangrila Hote, 4-‐5 October 2010 in http://www.nscb.gov.ph/ncs/11thNCS/papers/invited%20papers/ips-‐15/03_Estimating%20Informal%20Settlers%20in%20the%20Philippines.pdf 5 Ibid.
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 7 dodging regulation is an economic culture characteristic of informality in Metro Manila. The drive for economic development propels every city for growth, yet, the question that has been at the forefront of development debates recently is how inclusive is this development? In the Philippines, the Philippine Constitution, the Local Government Code and many other subsequent policies affirm the value of inclusive development through its preference for multi-‐stakeholder participation in governance. The value is further affirmed as a right -‐-‐-‐ not just a right to participate but the right to development as well. Hence, the aspiration to become better is not to be curtailed rather encouraged and protected. But in the seams of Metro Manila, people are literally living on the edge to have a shot at prosperity and ultimately at development. Informal settlements mushroom along rivers, danger zones, floodplains, gated village fences just for the settlers to be closer to where opportunities are. With these settlements come innovations to ways of living and transactions that have every mark of evading regulation either for the profit or for sheer need to survive. Beyond the control of its leaders and citizens, are the various hydro-‐meteorological and geophysical hazards that continue to threaten Metro Manila. The impacts of these hazards are not just dictated by the sheer force of natural elements rather made complicated by human-‐induced hazards (ie poor governance, lack of informed and intelligent urban planning) among others. The impact of these combined hazards can wipe out development gains with its powerful blows if risks are not significantly reduced. At the heart of all these are multiple attempts for urban development that equates progress with infrastructure devoid of environmental concern and the changing impact of natural elements. Yet, amid all these are signs of hope where more green and sustainable living are encouraged, where lack of local government regulation are questioned, and where both leaders and civil society organizations attempt to assert a better future that recognizes equality in the right to develop. The future of Metro Manila is one that can be transformed by the dynamism of social, economic, political, institutional forces but limited or driven by its carrying capacity, physical and environmental resources. It is within the bound of this framework where the future of Metro Manila is reflected upon and envisioned. The Social Preparation: Community Futures Mapping The Community Futures Mapping is designed to ensure the inclusiveness on the urban poor communities, most especially those that live in informal settlements. The following were the mechanics followed in the conduct of this activity for the five informal areas representing Metro Manila.
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 8 1. Identification of target communities: • Communities were identified in the five geographical (north, south, east, west, south and central) areas of Metro Manila. These are communities where Ateneo School of Government and the Project Steering Committee have either worked with or with good contacts. 2. Identification of target participants • Local community leaders (public and recognized traditional community leaders) ) • Samahang Kabataan (SK) or local youth officials and leaders of youth groups • At least 3 representatives from each sector: elderly, persons with disabilities, identified community members that are recipients of the 4Ps (Pantawid Pamilya Pilipino Program or conditional cash transfer program of the government, and from each major informal livelihood component in the community • Gender balance It is expected that at the end of the workshop, the participants were able to freely contribute their ideas on the characterization of informality in Metro Manila and have articulated their envisioned future for Metro Manila. Depending on the availability of the participants, the workshop shall last for maximum of four (4) hours only. For the workshop proper, the following materials were needed: Pentel pens, crayons, manila paper, video or audio recorder, stickers, pre cut colored paper to indicate settlements, essential services, etc., masking tape. Each teams were identified with the following human resource; Workshop facilitator, secretariat, process documentor, an assistant documentor (for validation purposes). Around five (5) members per team were expected Generally each community futures mapping followed the following procedure: • Opening program, introduction of participants and leveling-‐ off of expectations • Explanation about the Community Futures Mapping and the Inclusive Futures Mapping eg o “Kamustahan” (warming-‐up, getting to know) o Community mapping (1 hour) • A pre-‐prepared community map will be presented • Participants were asked where the following are: settlements, essential services, businesses, transport
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 9 services, those that they consider informal (pre-‐cut materials that represent each named element will be made available) • Examination of the maps by the participants: Guide questions such as: Please examine the map in front of you, please locate where your house is in the map? Then write on the sticker how many households are in your house? (how many kitchens do you have?) • Can you also locate the following in the map? a. Day care centers b. Health centers c. Police station d. Tricycle terminal e. Jeepney terminal f. Wet market g. Dry market h. Sari-‐sari stores i. Other types of stores (loading stations, ukay-‐ukay, vulcanizing shop, water stations, LGP stores, rice stalls, DVD stations, rolling stores,etc) j. Services (ie parlor, massage centers, shoe shine, dressmaking, etc) k. Meeting places of the elderly, the PWD, the women, men, youth, children. l. Playground, dating places • Participants werel then asked to indicate which areas of their community experience the following hazards: flooding, earthquake, water pollution, lack of water, etc. (other hazards that will be pre-‐identified during the social preparation). Participants will then color the maps accg to hazards • Participants were also asked about perceptions such as a. Are the dangerous areas (and why?) b. Are the problem areas of the community (and why?) • Once the activity was completed, a map was made available for viewing. Then, the facilitator asked “ IF THIS IS THE KIND OF COMMUNITY YOU HAVE AT THE MOMENT WHAT WILL IT POSSIBLE LOOK LIKE IN 2018, IN 2023, IN 2028? (Positive and negative responses were recorded and classified) • Also it was encouraged that participants asked the following, why they think their communities will look this
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 10 way in those time periods. What are the drivers, contributors? Community Futures Mapping (1.5 hours) • The participants were then asked to answer the following questions: “If you were given the opportunity to plan for your community, what kind of community would you like to see in 208, IN 2023, IN 2028?” (They are allowed to freely respond…but there is a need to frame the problem by asking what and where will they local settlements, services, transport, etc. It is important that they are able to characterize the features they want? • A second map of the community was presented by the facilitator. On it, the documentor noted the responses of the participants -‐-‐-‐ including preferred location of infrastructures, etc • Then asked the participants how these will be made possible. What are the drivers? What will be the constraints in meeting the goals? • After the reporting, the facilitator presented the group output and asks participants: what they think and how do they feel about the map that they see. (to probe, the facilitator can ask further if they think there should be any further improvement in the map they have just accomplished for their community?) The outputs of these preparatory workshops were expected to be put up at the major workshops. The following Focus Group Discussion (FGD) probing questions were used as guides: I. Present Life Situation A. Mapping of respondents’ dwelling place B. The actual make up of dwelling place (light or concrete materials) C. No. of household living in one dwelling place D. No. of actual number of residents inside one dwelling place E. No. of children in the dwelling place
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 11 F. No. of elderly G. No. of PWDs H. Basic Services I. Human security (food, health, peace and order, political, etc Examples questions in Filipino are the following: 1. Gaano na po kayo katagal na naninirahan dito? (How long have you been living here?) 2. Bakit po nyo nagustuhan ang manirahan dito? (Why did you decide to live here?) (We’ll know in this question whether respondents’ place of work is near, whether there’s a nearby school for their children or MAYBE they will say they heard that there’s a chance that the land will be awarded to them, etc) 3. Kumusta naman po ang mga pangunahin nyong pangangailangan, tulad ng tubig at kuryente? (How is the supply of water and electricity here?) Food and health 1. May malapit po bang pamilihan dito? (Is there a wet market or a grocery store near this place?) (They can say here if there are talipapa in the community where they buy food instead of going to the big market outside of the community) 2. Meron po bang Health Center dito sa inyo? (Is there an existing health center here in your barangay?) (If there is a community health center, my guess is that the respondents will readily say the problems they encounter, e.g., absence of doctor, medicine, etc.) Environmental issues and peace and order situation 1. Ano po ang mga problemang kinakaharap nyo dito sa inyong lugar kapag tag-‐ulan? (What problem/s do you encounter in your barangay during the rainy season?) (If they raise flooding as their major problem during rainy season, ask the next question) 2. Ano po ang ginagawa nyo sa mga ganung sitwasyon? Lumilikas po ba kayo? Saan po kayo pumupunta kapag tumaas na po ang tubig dito? (What do you in situations such as those? Do you evacuate? Where do you go in case of flooding?) 3. Kumusta naman po ang lagay ng kapayapaan dito sa lugar nyo? Masasabi nyo po ba na mapayapa dito sa inyong lugar at walang panganib na dulot ng mga masasamang loob? (How’s the peace and order situation in your place? Can you say that your place is peaceful and free from dangers brought about by the bad elements of the society?)
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 12 (We want to know if there are untoward/violent incidences that maybe due to drugs or alcoholism)
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 13 Political 1. Meron po bang mga asosasyon dito sa inyong lugar? Kung meron, itanong kung anu-‐ano ito -‐ examples: homeowners’ assoc., mothers/fathers club, religious assoc., tricycle drivers’ assoc., etc. (Are there any community associations in your barangay?) 2. Kasapi po ba kayo sa mga asosasyon na ito? Anong kapasidad? Miyembro lang ba o opisyal? (Are you a member of this association? In what capacity? As ordinary member or as officer? 3. May naitutulong po ba ang pagiging kasapi/opisyal nyo ng asosasyon na ito sa inyong buhay? personal o pamilya (What do you gain from being a member or officer of this association? Personally and family?) Aspirations for the Future/Changes they would like to see in their community utilized the following probing questions: 1. Ano naman po ang masasabi nyo sa uri ng pamumuhay nyo dito? (What can you say about your quality of life here in your community?) Maaari nyo po bang sabihin sa amin kung may naging pagbabago ang buhay nyo sa nakalipas na 10 taon? (Can you please tell us the changes that happened in your life in the past 10 years? What are the indicators of these changes? 2. Ano naman po ang ninanais nyo pang pagbabago sa inyong kabuhayan sa pangkinabukasan-‐ 20 taon mula ngayon? (What are the changes that you want to happen in your life in the future, 20 years from now?) • Sa tingin nyo po sino ang mga taong maaaring makatulong upang makamit ang mga pagbabagong ito? (Who do you think are the people who will be able to help you achieve these changes?) • Ano po sa tingin nyo ang magagawa nila upang makamit ang mga pagbabagong ito? (What do you think can these people do to achieve these changes?) • May magagawa rin po ba ang mga katulad nyong naninirahan dito upang makamit ang mga pagbabagong inaasam ninyo? (Do you think you and the other people in your community can do something to help achieve these changes that you want to happen?) This i“Timeline Exercise”was done on this part. Participants were asked to plot the changes they would want to see in their community in the next 20 years by drawing a timeline broken down every five years. The Facilitator/s asked them to draw a horizontal line. Then divide the horizontal line into 4 short vertical lines. The vertical lines represented the years (by 5 years). Then, facilitator asked them to write the changes on top and the possible problems/issues and challenges which they think they will encounter in achieving these
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 14 changes. It does not necessarily mean that for each change there will be problems that they will encounter…it can be a success story all throughout. The following is an example of it: 2013 2028 2023 2018 Changes Problems/ Issues mas maayos at malinis na kapaligiran (a more clean and orderly environment) Ang kakayanan ng bawat pamilya na magbayad ng kaukulang halaga para sa paunang bayad (residents could not afford the downpayment) ma-‐award na ang lupang ito sa amin (awarding of land to residents) magkaroon ng malinis at regular na supply ng tubig (to have a regular supply of clean and potable water) Ang balak ng gobyerno na ibenta ang lupaing ito (the plan of the government to sell the land where they live) kooperasyon ng lahat ng tagarito (cooperation of all residents)
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 15 II. WELFAREVILLE, MANDALUYONG CITY16 February 2013Facilitator: Jessica Dator-BercillaAsst. Facilitators: Dr. Segundo RomeroDr. Danielle GuillenLorenzo Cordova, Jr.Documentor: Andre QuintosAlaina Mae VillegasCharmaine TobesSociogram Documentor: Althea Muriel PinedaDhenmark ValeraSupport Staff: Aletheia ValencianoJoan Domingo Participants: NAME SECTOR 1. Dennis Policarpio Barangay health worker 2. Nancy Brion Women 3. Soledad Busio Elderly 4. Victoria Pagunson Women 5. Ronald Demeterio PWD 6. Jonathan Mamaril Jr. PWD 7. Mario Ramirez Informal Worker 8. Jay Mabuti Youth 9. Iluminado Candasya Informal Worker 10. Marivic Icaranom Women 11. Rosario Mapile Woman 12. Ofelio Callos Jr. Youth 13. Ma. Milagros Garcia Women 14. Ryan Binag Youth 15. Bill Calsado Youth
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 16 WELFAREVILLE, MANDALUYONG CITY Coordinates: 14°356"N 121°215"E Land Area: 100 hectares Nearby cities: Antipolo City, Quezon City, Rodriguez Montalban Rizal Total Population as of May 2010: 686, 731 I. BRIEF PROFILE OF THE COMMUNITYBrief History6Welfareville Compound covers the majority of the area of Barangay AdditionHills in Mandaluyong City. A huge percentage of the whole compound isgeographically hilly. Back in 1931 Welfareville was still a vast vacant portion ofland. The land was owned by the Government and was divided into threesections, the Encomienda, the Friar Land and theHacienda System.During the American supremacy in the Philippines, the‘Land Registration Act of 1900’ in which all the Landpolicies of Spain were subjected to the new AmericanInsular Governments in the Philippines, was reaffirmed.In the 1920’s the land of Welfareville was partitioned andowned by a few rich families and these portions weregiven land titlesThe whole Welfareville Compound covers the majorityof the Barangay Addition Hil.ls The said compound has41 blocks and Department of Social Welfare andDevelopment (DSWD) appointed a leader for each as its representative.Welfareville has many entrances and exits.. The living situation in WelfarevilleCompound is not far from that of other urban poor community in Metro Manila.Every house maximizes the small space they have and small rooms are built andare used for many purposes. Sometimes these are rented out to generateincome or are used to accommodate expanding families.Sources of water for different areas within Welfareville vary. In some parts,combination of deep well and commercial water is available. There are alsocommunity-based organizations that produced deep well projects. There are alsofamilies who own and sell water from their deep wells to other members of thecompound.The people of Welfareville represent the many provinces and regions of thePhilippines. Many of them are originally from Visayas and some are fromNorthern Luzon and the Bicol Region. There are instances of people from thesame province living together in clusters.Welfareville Compound is accessible to the big cities in Metro Manila. It isespecially close to the commercial and industrial centers surroundingMandaluyong City, therefore making it more attractive for people to settle inthe community. 6 Most of the information available on this section was retrieved from http://www.angelfire.com/oz/philippines_trip03/stefshomepage.html
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 17 Sad as it may seem, majority of the population is either unemployed orunderemployed. Most of men who have work are in the construction industryand do so on a contractual basis. They have no job security and are onlytemporarily employed if at all. Many of the unemployed fall in the trap ofgambling and heavy drinking along with other vices. ‘Topadas’ (illegal cockfighting) for instance is a regular weekend past-time.Commonly, women of the community help in earning a living for their familiesby working as laundresses, seamstresses and sari-sari storekeepers. Only a fewhave jobs apart from service jobs, and they are either employed in Governmentoffices or in private companies. Some may work in the Mandaluyong City Hall ona contractual basis.There are many existing livelihood projects within the community. In all cornersof the compound and in every ‘eskinita’ (narrow street) there are small sari-saristores. These supply many of the people’s everyday needs. In Block 37 there is asmall market available for the residents.In Welfareville, the shanties are built with small sized rooms and normally canaccommodate 6-10 family members. This overcrowding easily exposes eachmember of the family to infectious and contagious diseases.Lack of a proper drainage system among the households is also a health risk inall blocks of Welfareville Compound. Due to financial difficulties, many familiestake their sick members to Mandaluyong Hospital (a government hospital withlimited facilities for huge number of patients).Welfareville Compound on the other hand is rich with private hospitals nearthem but the people still have to strive to go to other government-operatedhospitals since they cannot afford to pay for the private ones. In worst case,parents tend to bring their sick child in a hospital when an infection seemedacute for any treatment.
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 18 II. FGD PROPERA. OPENING AND WELCOME REMARKSMs. Bercilla welcomed the participants in a very light mood and introduced herself.She also explained the reason why we were there. The overview of the projectwas given by Dr. Segundo Romero. He explained that the process the group willbe undergoing is something the participants can use in planning. He alsoencouraged the participants to share the said process to the community as it mayserve as a relief from the conventional way of planning.B. INTRODUCTION OF THE ASOG STAFF AND PARTCIPANTSMs. Bercilla asked the team to introduce themselves and state what their functionsfor the project are as well as what role they will play on the process that thegroup will be undergoing.The introduction of the participants followed after. Each participant was given achance to introduce themselves and state what sector they are representing. Itstarted with Mr. Dennis Policarpio and followed by Ms. Nancy Brion who arebarangay health workers or BHW of Brgy. Addition Hills. Ms. Soledad Busio andMs.Victoria Pagunsan both represented the sector of the elderly. Mr. RonaldDemetrio and Mr. Jonathan Mamaril represented the Persons with DisablitySector (PWD). Mr. Mario Ramirez and Mr. Iluminado Gandasua Jr. representedthe leaders of the community while Mr. Jay Mabuti, Mr, Ofelio Callos and Ms. Ma.Milagros Garcia represented the youth sector. C. MAPPING SESSIONThe participants were asked to categorize their type of dwelling place according tothe following:Type of dwelling place No. of ParticipantsMade of concrete materials 1Made of light materials 4Made of mixed materials 7Participants’ types of dwelling place.Pre-workshop Community Mapping. Welfareville, Mandaluyong CityMost of the participants’ dwelling places were made of mixed materials. Four ofthem have dwelling place made of light materials while only one participant saidhe/she lived in a concrete-made house.
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 19 The participants were asked how many family their living within a dwelling place.Below are the results:No. of family in a dwelling place No. of Participants5 family in a house 14 family in a house 13 family in a house 52 family in a house 31 family in a house 1No. of families living in a house.Pre-workshop Community Mapping. Welfareville, Mandaluyong CityThe participants were also asked to map the basic facilities that can be found in theircommunity. They were able to locate these facilities which according to them havebeen very helpful to all the residents of the barangay. Below is the list of the saidfacilities:BaBBasicfFacilities that can be found in the community.Pre-workshop Community Mapping. Welfareville, Mandaluyong CityD. TIMELINE EXERCISEThe participants were asked how they think their community will look like in 2018,in 2023-2028? Positive and negative responses were elicited.2013POSITIVE NEGATIVEMagkaroon ng mga pasyalan para sa mgakabataan para malayo sama-samangbisyo(Places for leisurely visits so that theyouth can avoid bad vices)-bumalik sa dating hindi magandangpamamalakad sa barangay.( a return to old ways of running thebarangay)Facilities No. of Identified FacilitiesDay Care Center 22Senior Citizen’s Meeting place 3Health center 4Brgy. Outpost 10PWDs Meeting place 2Playground 24Public Transport terminal/hub Jeepney- 0 Tricycle-11 Pedicab-3Dangerous Place 9Flood Prone Area 26Garbage Disposal Area 7Electric Meter 10Water meter 15
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 20 -mapalago ang mga initiatives/activitiespara sa youth sector(more initiatives/activities for the youth)-baha—hindi maiiwasan(flooding, cannot be controlled)-pabahay: pagbigay ng titulo/rights parahindi basta-basta mapaalis(housing, land title, house rights)-madisplace sa place of residencedahil sa leadership change(displacement from the place ofresidence due to change inleadership)-magkaroon ng magandang kalsada satulong ni mayor(new roads thru the help of the mayor)-walang kabuhayan sa relocation(lack of livelihood in relocation sites)-mga proyektong barangay(sementadong kalsada, bagong brgy. hall,bagong school, paanakan (new projectsof barangays)-high rise- malaking upa(high-rise building in big lands)-nagpupursigi ang gobyerno (committedgovernment)-kalinisan , cleanliness(door to door)-pagtatayo ng mall, kikita ang brgy.-libreng gamut mula sa DOH at LGU-CHT (community health training fromDOH-education, children, pregnant, seniorcitizen-senior citizen- 1% na donation para salivelihood-4Ps (until 2014) -allowance foreducation of children (bihirang dropoutrate) HEALTH-through 4Ps soon the govt will lend 14K for livelihood-gaganda dahil sa planning ng mayor,magkakaroon ng mga high rise building-may pinapatayong school, bagongkalsada, palaro para sa mga kabataan-scholarship-tatahimik ang lugar ng brgy. cap atmayor at iba pa
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 21
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 22 2018POSITIVE NEGATIVE-Im health of my strong work to bepatience for house is a vendor-kinatatakot na walang magtuturo sakabataan-Information happen I forgot too manyproblema. Bad. Fight, In law house and Ihope like future. Your. Good all housefor sharing Good family-kinatatakot na mapalitan angnamamahala sa gobyerno-malawak na palaruan sa mga bata -pag nagpalit ng mamamahala, bakamapaalis sila-mas magiging maliwanag ang mga daan -I am wish of my future to becomeis a many people and me (respect)-magiging maayos -na mabigay sa mga negosyante angmga lupang residentialMaging malinis maging tahimik-ako tulong trike pantiner usap friend allkuya, ate and family-I because of my problem is a familyand many people-I wish of my job the computer or doing -Part ako galit away kuya and if youme stop galit peace clean happysmile good respect family-Construction of raw house orcondominium-Improvement/beautification of WelfareVille-Sariling condominium para sa matagalng residente-Obey ako problema Maid Many washcloth away Bad ate and ako wish futurelive you all good building sharing happyfamily-trabaho para sa Pilipino-mayroon ng titulo ng lupa-tie-up ng kabataan sa mga masmabibigat na sponsors-tuloy-tuloy ang mabubuting proyekto-katahimikan-curfew sa kabataan-magkaroon ng matataas ng building atmall-mas maganda ang kinabukasan ng mgakabataan-mas gumanda ang mga tirahan, magingresidential
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 23 2023-2028POSITIVE NEGATIVE-mas business-friendly na environment -mabenta sa mga negosyante angmga lupa-wala nang drugs (no more drugs)E. IDENTIFICATION OF VISION FOR FUTUREThe participants were asked to answer the following question:• If you were given the opportunity to plan for your community, what kind ofcommunity would you like to see in 2013-2014, IN 2018, IN 2028?• What are the drivers? What will be the constraints in meeting the goals?The answers are the following:Desired Future Why is itnecessary?Who/What willhelp themachieve it?Barriers forachieving it1. LAHAT NGNAGSASAMAAYMAIKASALMaramingnagsasama angwalangpangpakasalMayor throughlibreng pakasal atpakimkim (1 thou)Over population,Ayaw magpakasal
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 24 2. TRABAHOWHAT KINDOF WORK:-Ofelio:Depende saqualification-Jay: Manager-Mil: Mekaniko(marangal natrabaho nakung saanmagagamitang kanyangutak)-Nancy: SocialWorker-Marivic:teacher-Dennis: BHW-Mario:Manager-Jay:RestaurantSupervisor-Rosario:Janitress-Ofelio:Customs-Soledad:kabuhayanpara sa seniorcitizen upanghindi umaasalang-Ronald:service crew-Jonathan:Drawing/Artist-Vic: DirectSelling Sarili ("hindi lalapitang trabaho sayo"--Dennis)3.GAGAWANGMALAKINGOSPITALinstead of thebotanical gardenin theircommunity, itshould havebeen a publichospitalNational govt,MayorKalaban sa politika
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 25 4.MAGINGKONKRETOANG MGABAHAYPara maganda sapaningin angMandaluyongMga negosyante namagpapatayo ngmga konkretongbahay5.TRAININGPARA SAMGAKABATAANinstead namalulong sama-samangbisyo, kailangansilang mabigyannglibangan--NancyMayor6. BUDGETFORFACILITIESFOR THEYOUTH7. CENTERFOR THEDEAFtheres a lot ofyoung deaf inthe community8.KATAHIMIKANBefore the activity ends, Ms. Bercilla gave the synthesis of the last activity and identified4 major key players for the development of Welfareville based on what the participantssaid:First on the identified key players was the role the government plays in uplifting theliving conditions of every urban poor community in the country through povertyalleviation programs. The participants highly recognized the 4PS or Pantawid PamilyaPilipino Program of the Department of Social Welfare and Development but theysuggested it would be more effective if the targeting of beneficiary would be carefullymonitored since some of the participants believed that some of the currentbeneficiaries do not qualify on the ‘poorest of the poor’ category where which theprogram is intended.The participants also acknowledge the responsibility of the parents in molding theirchildren to be good citizens of their community. They believe that parents are theprimary people that can immediately make right decisions for their children.Apart from the role government and parents play for the development of any urbanpoor settlements, the participants also recognized the function of investment fromprivates sectors which create job and can lead to reductions in poverty.The participants also expressed their desire for creation of more laws sensitive to theneeds of the elderly, youth, women and PWDs.
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 26 F. CLOSING AND AWARDING OF CERTIFICATESThe process ended with Dr. Guillen giving closing remarks. She also encouraged theparticipants to share the process to their community for their future use.Afterwards, Dr. Segundo led the awarding of certificates to the participants foractively participating in the workshop. Along with the certificates are small tokens ofappreciation which the team hopes to be helpful for them.Prepared by:Alaina Mae Villegas andCharmaine Tobes
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 27 View of one of the streets in Welfareville, Brgy. Addition Hills in Mandaluyongon a typical Saturday afternoon.Ms. Bercilla (lady in blue jacket) started the FGD proper by letting theparticipants introduce themselves to everybody.Photo Documentation:Welfareville, Brgy. Addition Hills, Mandaluyong Citya. Introduction Part
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 28 The project staff preparing the maps for the Mapping Activity of the participantswhere they will plot the exact location of their houses and other servicesaround the community.a. Mapping Exercise:Ms. Bercilla introducing the purpose of the Focus Group Discussion (FGD) tothe participants of Welfareville
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 29 Health workers Nancy and Dennis (in green shirts) identifying the health centers in the community. Participants of Welfareville plotting the existing basic facilities
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 30 Orange colored houses representing mixed materials composition of the participants’ houses while gray dots represents houses that are made up of concrete cement. The colored sticker dots represent different basic services. Barangay tanod (community leader) Mil, and Youth Leader Jay identifying the usual hang out places of teenagers on the hybrid map of Welfareville.
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 31 Dynamic and highly participatory group discussions. b. Timeline Exercise:During the visioning of the future, participants discussed with the facilitators what the plausible futures in 2013, 2018, 2023, and 2028 in their lives and community.
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 32 Project staff assisting the participants in writing of their preferred futures on metacards. Welfareville participants’ timeline of their envisioned future using metacards.
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 33 Ms. Bercilla discussing the output of the participants for the timeline activityIt’s drawing time! With pens that are ready to stroke, participants one by one sketched their preferred future for their community on a 6x6 tarpaulin of Welfareville, Brgy. Addition Hills. c. Illustrating the futured. Clos
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 34 Dr. Guillen giving the closing remarks before the participants after the wholeactivity.Alas, the awarding of certificate of participation and distribution of tokensheaded by Dr. Romero assisted by Ms. Pinedaing and Awarding of Certificates:Prepared by:Dhenmark Valera and Althea Muriel Pineda
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 35 III. BARANGAY DOÑA IMELDA, QUEZON CITY23 February 2013Facilitator: Segundo Joaquin E. Romero, Jr.Asst. Facilitator: Lorenzo Cordova, Jr.Documentor: Creselda DobleSupport Staff: Althea Muriel PinedaAlaina Mae VillegasParticipants:NAME SECTOR 1. Rossana Castro Women 2. Marcela Nuarin Women 3. Lucila Monforte Elderly 4. Rey Merciales Informal Worker 5. Josefina Jadlilan Elderly 6. Alex Dela Cruz Informal Worker 7. Roselyn Garces Youth 8. Lucy De Guzman Women 9. Arnel Riliera Informal Worker 10. Arceli Limguis Women 11. Teofilo Solis Elderly 12. Lucia Silva Women 13. Julius Ubaldo Informal Worker 14. Allan Bitonio Informal Worker 15. Teofilo Salazar Elderly 16. Johny Dela Peña Youth 17. Chito Bengo Informal Worker 18. Renato Ibunes Informal Worker 19. Eduardo Salvador Informal Worker 20. Nick Superable Youth 21. Butch Ubaldo Kagawad 22. Evangeline Alarcio Women 23. Armando Salvador Informal Worker 24. Carlina Bandong Women 25. Gine Opania Youth
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 36 BRGY. DOÑA IMELDA, QUEZON CITY Coordinates: 14°3655"N 121°14"E Land Area: Land Area :111.5 HectaresNearby cities: Antipolo City, Quezon City, Montalban Rizal Boundaries Total Population as of May 2010: 17,750 I.BRIEF PROFILE OF THE COMMUNITYBrgy. Doña Imelda was created by Executive Order No. 052during the incumbency of the late Mayor Norberto S.Amoranto of Quezon City. In 1980, the Barangay was allowedto use one-half hectare lot located at the corner of Guirayan st.by the city government which is now the site of the barangayhall7Water services in Barangay came to reality in 1975 when theMWSS installed an eight inch water main pipe from which theresidents could tap water for their homes. 7 Retrieved from http://www.ligaqcchapter.com/site/index.php/barangay/district-‐4/190-‐barangay-‐dona-‐imelda-‐marcos#barangay-‐profile
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 37 1I . FGD PROPERA. OPENING AND WELCOME REMARKSDr. Romero welcomed and acknowledged the participants’ willingness to participate inthe FGD.B. INTRODUCTION OF ASOG STAFF AND PARTICIPANTSThe ASoG staff starting with Dr. Romero introduced themselves by stating their name,what they do for the program and in which part of the city do they come from. This wasfollowed by the participants’ self introduction.A total of 19 residents of Barangay Doña Imelda participated in the FGD withrepresentation from four (4) sectors, namely: Senior Citizens – 4; Youth – 1; PWD – 1;Women – 8.C. OVERVIEW OF THE PROGRAM AND OBJECTIVES OF THE FGD BYDR. SEGUNDO ROMERODr. Romero briefly gave an overview of the program by highlighting what theprogram is all about, what is the importance of the program, who is funding theprogram and who are the people and the institutions involved in undertaking thisprogram.Objectives of the FGD• To gather information on the way of life in Barangay Doña Imelda• To gather information on the aspect of ‘Formal and Informal’ in BarangayDoña Imelda• To be able to create a vision on the future of the residents of Barangay DoñaImelda and Barangay Doña Imelda as a community• To be able to disseminate this information that will later on be part of a planthat will make Doña Imelda and the lives of its residents a better one.D. MAPPING SESSIONThe participants were asked to locate their houses in the big map and stick yellowsticker dots on it. Then each had to describe their household situation by writing theiranswers on a sheet of paper. Please see responses below:Make up of houseAll 19 FGD participants’ dwelling places are already made of concrete. Reason for this isthat, according to the resident participants, Doña Imelda is a flood-prone area – anordinary rainfall would already result to heavy flooding. Thus, residents had to find waysto transform their used-to be makeshift houses into a more permanent structure thatcan somehow withstand flooding and fire.
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 38 Number of families in the houseA total of five (5) participants said that they share the house with another family. Oneout of the five participants, who is a senior citizen, said that he shares his house with 2of his married children. Please see table below:No. ofparticipantsWho is/are theotherfamily/families?Reasons forliving withanother familyNuclearfamily14Living with 1family4 Families of marriedchildrenGrandparentstakes care ofgrandchildrenwhile parentsare at workDaughter isonly child andparents don’twant her to beapart fromLiving with 2families1 Families of marriedchildrenSon who ismarried isjoblessThe othermarried soncannot affordto rent ahouse for hisfamily becauseof unstable jobTOTAL 19Number of people in the houseNo. of people in the house Participants2 – 3 34 – 6 117 – 8 39 – 10 112 1TOTAL 19
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 39 Family expenses per day (per person)Only 6 participants out of 19 were able to estimate their family expenditures per dayper family member. The rest of the participants gave the total expenditures for thefamily for one day and were divided according to the number of family members basedon the information given earlier.Expenses per day/person ParticipantsP50.00 - 100.00 1P101.00 – P200.00 1P201.00 – P300.00 2P301.00 – P400.00 14P401.00 – P500.00P501.00 – P600.00 2TOTAL 19Family Members who are SickAll 19 participants claimed that they have sick family members in the house. Pleasesee type of illness below:Type of Illness ParticipantsHypertension 8Diabetes 6Hypertension & Diabetes 3Kidney stones 1Gall bladder stones 1TOTAL 19
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 40 Family Members who are Out-of-SchoolOnly four (4) participants claimed that they have children who are out of schoolbecause of two major reasons: 1) can’t afford to send children to college; and, 2)children not interested in pursuing studies.Family Members who are JoblessAn overwhelming 63% (12 out 19 participants) claimed that they have familymembers who do not have jobs for the moment. Major reason is the end ofcontract whether they work in factories, call centers, departments stores, orconstruction-related such as carpenters, etcMapping of Available Facilities in Barangay Doña ImeldaThe participants were asked to map the available facilities in Barangay Doña Imelda.The participants were able to locate these facilities which according to them havebeen very helpful to all the residents of the barangay. Below is the list of thesefacilities:• Day Care Center Health centers Barangay Hall Youth Center Children’s Playground Tricycle terminal Jeep terminalJobs and Livelihood of Residents of Barangay Doña ImeldaThe participants were asked about the types of job and livelihood of residents ofBarangay Doña Imelda depending on their economic status as categorized into 1)ordinary residents; 2) well-to-do residents; and, poorest residents. Please see matrixbelow:Jobs/Livelihood of‘Ordinary Residents’Jobs/Livelihood ofResidents who are‘Well-to-do’Jobs/Livelihood of the‘Poorest’ Residents• Regular companyemployees• OFW• Teachers• Midwife• Nurse• Call Center Agents• Businessmen(Chinese)• Lawyer• Doctor• Caterer• Auto Repair ShopOwner• Street/AmbulantVendors (fishball,banana cue, fruit andvegetables, etc.)• Driver (Taxi/Tricycle/Pedicab)• Contractual workers(salesladies, factoryworkers)• Carpenters/mason• Manual laborers
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 41 E. TIMELINE EXERCISEThe participants were asked to create a timeline which dates back from 1993 withan every five-year interval up to the current year. Please see matrix below for theirresponse:YEAR HAPPY (+)EXPERIENCESUNFORTUNATE (-)EXPERIENCES1993 – 1998 • Threat of‘DEMOLITION’1999 – 20042005 – 2010 • A good andhardworkingBarangay Captainwas elected tooffice• Construction ofnew Barangay Hall• Installation ofelectric power andconnection ofwater• Massive and heavyflooding due totyphoon ‘Ondoy’• Threat of‘DEMOLITION’2011 – 2013 • Promise of MRB byHULRBWhat are the conditions that make the lives of the residents of Barangay Doña Imeldacomfortable?The participants were asked to divide in groups according to the sector to whichthey belong: 1) Senior Citizen; 2) Women; 3) Youth; 4) PWD; and, 5) regularresidents (those who don’t belong to these sectors). Then each group was asked toidentify these conditions. Below is the matrix of the identified conditions:SECTORS CONDITIONS THAT MAKE LIFE INBGY. DONA IMELDA COMFORTABLESenior Citizens • Travel discount (c/o the National Gov’t)• Monthly pension (c/o the National Gov’t)• Quarterly medicine reimbursement from theBarangay in the amount of P300.00• Medicine Voucher Program (Yearly medicineallowance from Congressman Sonny Belmonte in theamount of P500.00)
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 42 Women • Reproductive health-related - free pap smear (c/oBarangay)• Free Livelihood Training on: meat processing;candle-making; soap-making; jewelry-making; balloondecorating; and, pillow case-making• Presence of a ‘Help Desk for Women’ (c/o theBarangay)Youth Youth activities sponsored by the Sangguniang Kabataansuch as:• Conduct of regular sports activities for theyouth• Conduct of medical missions for the youth andthe other residents of the barangay• Conduct of livelihood training for the youth andby the youth• Weekly free fitness and aerobics classes for theyouth and the other residents of the barangayPWD • Free medical assistance• Free medicinesRegular residents • Free Livelihood Training project (c/o the barangay)• Conduct of medical and dental mission (c/o Barangayand SK)• Free fitness and aerobic classes (c/o Barangay andSK)What are the conditions that make the lives of the residents of Barangay Doña Imeldauncomfortable?The participants were asked to the do same process as Question no. 5. Except thatthis time they were asked to identify conditions that make their lives uncomfortable.Please see matrix below:SECTORS CONDITIONS THAT MAKE LIFE IN BGY.DONA IMELDA UNCOMFORTABLESenior Citizens NONEWomen • No jobs for women in spite of the livelihoodtrainings they have attended• Some women are into vices (small-time gambling)• Some women are lazy• The increasing prices of basic commodities• Natural disasters and calamities (typhoons that causeflooding)Youth • Early pregnanciesPWD • Discrimination• No jobs for PWDRegular residents • Many residents are jobless• Vices (gambling – tong-its & bingo, drinking)
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 43 What are your happy (positive) and sad (negative) visions in the next 15 years here inBarangay Dña Imelda, both for your family and for Barangay Doña Imelda as yourcommunity?This time the participants were asked to write down one vision (whether positive ornegative) per meta card and each vision identified can be for the participants’ familyor for Brgy. Doña Imelda. They were then asked to stick each vision in the matrixwith the same format as below:The participants think that 15 years seemed too far for their visions. Thus, thevisions they identified are only up to 2018. Please see matrix below:YEAR POSITIVE (+) VISION NEGATIVE (-) VISIONFamily Community Family Community2013 -2018• For childrento finish theirstudies• To have ourown house• To have ahealthy family• MRB• Job for allresidents• Discount forsenior citizensto become50%• Goodeconomy forthe Philippinesbecause thiswill also affectour barangay’seconomy• Brgy. DoñaImelda to haveits own floodcontrol• Implement-ation of the‘Danger ZoneRiver’• The gov’t toprovide uswith a capitalso we canstart our ownbusiness‘DEMOLITION’2013-‐2018 2019-‐2023 2024-‐2028
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 44 There was a lengthy discussion on the provision of capitol for livelihood of theresidents because two women participants raised the following concerns with regardthe livelihood training that the barangay offers:• Residents who attended the livelihood training claim that after each training, there’sno more follow-up for support so they can apply what they learned• Residents want to have support from the government for a small capital for a storeor a market for their productsDr. Romero asked the women if they already tried applying for a loan from a micro-finance or a small time lending institution so they can start up their own business.They said the interest is very high and their income would not be enough for thepayment of the loan.The Barangay Councilor, who arrived in the middle of the FGD process, could nothelp but share the current livelihood assistance that the barangay provides forresidents who want to venture into business. They have available carts which willserve as their mobile stores for their products. The barangay will also designate thespace and the place where the cart can park, but there are no takers.The participants were then asked to go over the list below and identify which is‘formal’ and ‘informal’ in their barangay.1. Employments with contract?2. Are businesses in the barangay registered in the government?3. Are the residents included in the list of those who receive medical benefits?4. Are the residents included in the list of those who receive Pantawid PampamilyangPilipino Program (PPPP) / Conditional Cash Transfers (CCT)?5. Are the residents included in the list of those who receive benefits in case ofdisasters?It is surprising to know that the residents’ answers to the above questions are yes.One participant even mentioned that the 4 Ps is available, but some residents werenot able to avail of it due to their negligence in processing the necessaryrequirements.Who are the people, the officials, the institutions or organization do you think that can helpyour families to have a prosperous life?All the participants agreed on the following:For the housing – Mediu-rise buildings (MRB):The National Government - Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG),Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), and the NationalHousing Authority)The Local Government – The Mayor and the BarangayFor the design and architecture:Tao Pilipinas and the University of Santo Tomas
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 45 For the flood control:Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH)For the education of the children in Brgy. Doña Imelda:The parents Towards the end of this session, the Barangay Secretary enthusiastically shared withall the resident participants on the update on the rehabilitation of the San JoaquinRiver. The rehabilitation will require all houses to be built three meters away fromthe water line. This means all residents along the river (including those who arefrom Brgy. Doña Imelda), will be affected by this rehabilitation. These residents willhave problem with their temporary dwelling places once the rehabilitation starts.The good news is that Brgy. Doña Imelda is the only barangay who submitted a“Peoples’ Plan” which stages a plan for temporary staging area for residents of thebarangay who will be affected by the river rehabilitation program.F. Closing and Awarding of CertificatesDr. Romero thanked the participants for their valuable participation in the FGD andended with the assurance that they will be provided with the results of this the saidprocess. Afterwards, Dr. Segundo lead the awarding of certificates to theparticipants for actively participating on the said process. Along with the certificatesare small tokens of appreciation which the team hopes to be helpful for them.Prepared by:Creselda Doble
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 46 PHOTO DOCUMENTATION:Brgy. Doña Imelda, Quezon Citya. Registrationb. Mapping ExerciseParticipants arriving at the FGD registration table.Using a satellite map, participants easily identified the exact location of their housesand the basic facilities/services within the community.
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 47 c. Timeline ExerciseParticipants placing different colored sticker dots each representing the basic servicesin the community (e.g. market, schools, health care facilities etc.)Participants visualized positive and negative changes in the future using the timeline.
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 48 d. Illustrating the FuturePrepared by:Dhenmark ValeraAlthea Muriel PinedaThe participants actively draw their visions of the community on the maps.
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 49 IV. BARANGAY ESTERO DE SAN MIGUEL, MANILA23 February 2013Facilitator: Jessica Dator-BercillaAsst. Facilitator: Marie Danielle GuillenDocumentor: Aletheia ValencianoCharmaine TobesSupport Staff: Dhen Mark ValeraJoan Therese DomingoParticipants: NAME SECTOR 1. Mylene Pagacpac Youth 2. Ma. Janica Cinco PWD 3. Filomena Cinco Women 4. Aida Pagacpac Women 5. Vanessa Bernal Youth 6. Wilma Obnamia Health Worker 7. Evangeline Andress Women 8. Marilyn Pagadora PWD 9. Dulce Sarto Informal Worker 10. Macaria Codillo Elderly 11. Anastasia Cayabyab Elderly 12. Armando Salundaguit Youth 13. Leoncio Castro Informal Vendor 14. Dennis Cayabyab Informal Worker 15. Erlinda Velasquez Elderly 16. Doming Pempina Informal Worker 17. Leonardo Bernal Informal Worker 18. Sunshine Soberano Youth 19. Dolores Artech Elderly 20. Joseph Villanueva Informal Worker
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 50 ESTERO DE SAN MIGUEL, CITY OF MANILA Coordinates: Land Area: 4,700square meters Nearby cities Total Population as of March 2012: 3, 252 I. BRIEF PROFILE OF THE COMMUNITYBarangay 412 is created out of PD 86 and PD 86-‐A, both referring to the reactivation of the Barangays. There are about 750 families with about 300 household structures, mostly apartments. They have 146 informal settlers families (ISFs) living along Estero de San Miguel. According to the profile of the community prepared by the Barangay captain, there are 19 medium-‐rise buildings (MRB), 44 apartments and 87 estero houses in the area. Most (55%) of the people of Estero de San Miguel are low wage earner while only 15% of their population are high wage earner and the remaining 35% are have average income. Important institutions located in the area includes Pro-‐Life Philppines, M.F. Jhocson Health Center, Social Security Sytem (Legarda Branch), Claro M. Recto High School and San Lorenzo Ruiz Student Catholic Center/ Chapel. A number of business establishments can be found near the area of Estero de San Miguel including apartment lessors, barber shops, bus terminal, snack house, computer shops, dress or sportswear shops, gasoline stations, gym fitness center, hardware, pay-‐parking lot, party needs shop, pet shop, printing shops, sari-‐sari stores, spa, warehouse and water refilling stations. Some initiatives are on-‐going in Estero de San Miguel community for an instance the urban rich families of the community are supporting the Estero Housing Project for the Nagkakaisang Mamamayan ng Legarda, Inc. as beneficiaries.
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 51 II. FGD PROPERA. OPENING AND WELCOME REMARKSDr. Guillen with Ms. Valenciano welcomed and acknowledged the participants’willingness to participate in the FGD. Afterwards, the introduction of ASOG staff and participants followed. Dr. Guillen and Ms. Valenciano started the process by stating their name and their role in the program. Participants from the community also introduced themselves. The participants of the FGD are all residents of Barangay Estero de San Miguelrepresenting four (4) sectors, namely: Senior Citizens, Youth, PWD, Women).B. OVERVIEW OF THE PROGRAMProgram OverviewMs. Bercilla briefly gave an overview of the program, emphasizing its importanceparticularly to the future of the community. She then proceeded by naming thefunders and institutions responsible to the undertaking of the program.Ms. Bercilla asked the participants regarding the difference between then and now intheir community. According to the participants, problems related to ownership,employment and social values are more pertinent now than before.Objectives of the exerciseThe following are the objectives of the FGD as enumerated by To gather information on the way of life in Barangay Estero de San Miguel To gather information on the aspect of ‘Formal and Informal’ in Barangay Estero deSan Miguel To be able to create a vision on the future of the residents of Barangay Estero deSan Miguel and Barangay Estero de San Miguel as a community To be able to disseminate this information and incorporate this in a plan that willimprove the community and the lives of its residents.C. MAPPING EXERCISEThe participants were asked to locate their houses in the big map and stick yellowsticker dots on it. Then each had to describe their household situation by writingtheir answers on a sheet of paper. Please see responses below:Make up of houseMost of the participants’ houses are made of light materials which make themsusceptible to fire. When asked by the facilitator to enumerate their means ofsurvival in the event of fire, the participants emphasized their “bayanihan” spirit.According to them, they have a registered cooperative called Sampaloc MarketVendors Association that serves as a means from which they can borrow moneythrough an amortization scheme. They also said that NGOs such as Tao Pilipinas,
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 52 Christian Aid, Habitat for Humanity, Palafox Associates, and Mapua Institute ofTechnology have been very helpful in the improvement of their community.Number of families in the houseTwo (2) participants said that they share the house with another family. One ofthese, a participant from the senior citizen sector, said that she shares her housewith her son and his family.Number of people in the houseThe average number of persons in a house ranges from 4 to 5.Family Members who are SickNone of the participants expressed that they have a family member who is sick.Family Members who are Out-of-SchoolThe participants stated that most of the youth are going to school. They seeeducation as a way out of poverty and a means for them to improve their lives.Family Members who are JoblessThe participants do not consider themselves as jobless. According to them, theymeet their daily expenses through informal employment. This will be furtherdiscussed in Question 3 below.Mapping of Available Facilities in Barangay Estero de San MiguelThe participants were asked to map the available facilities in Barangay Estero de SanMiguel. The participants were able to locate these facilities which according to themhave been very helpful to all the residents of the barangay. Below is the list of thesefacilities: Day Care Center Health centers Barangay Hall Youth Center Children’s Playground Tricycle terminal Jeep terminalJobs and Livelihood of Residents of Barangay Estero de San Miguel:The participants were asked about the types of job and livelihood of residents ofBarangay Estero de San Miguel. According to them, they meet their daily expensesthrough a livelihood scheme called “dugtong-dutong”. This means that a residentearns money through multiple employments. For example, one resident says thatshe sells snacks-on-stick and also accepts laundry. One of the male participants saidthat as a “padyak” driver, he earns around 200-500 daily, while another one said thathe earns 500-1500 selling undergarments.
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 53 What are the happy (positive) and unfortunate (negative) experiences that you hadencountered here in Barangay Estero de San Miguel?The participants consider their “bayanihan” spirit as one reason which keeps themgoing through hard times, and this is seen in the organizations set up by differentsectors such as the youth. These organizations serve as support groups for theresidents.The participants also recounted their supposed relocation to Palawan as one of theirnegative experiences. According to them, they resisted the relocation since it wouldhave affected their livelihood. Their microbusinesses would not have thrived thereand the distance of schools, hospitals and other facilities also acted as a disincentiveto the residents even if they were promised ownership to their own houses in therelocation site.What are the conditions that make the lives of the residents of Barangay Estero de SanMiguel comfortable?Facilities such as health centers and belongingness in a group make life morecomfortable to the residents. The participants also acknowledged the presence ofNGOs in their community as very helpful in giving them hope for the future.What are the conditions that make the lives of the residents of Estero de San Migueluncomfortable?Conditions that make life uncomfortable for the residents of Estero de San Miguelare psychological in nature. According to the participants they still fear that they willbe forced out of their homes and relocated to remote areas.b. Timeline ExerciseWhat are your happy (positive) and sad (negative) visions in the next 15 years here in forBarangay Estero de San Miguel as your community?This time the participants were asked to write down one vision (whether positive ornegative) per meta card and each vision identified can be for the participants’ familyor for Bgy. Estero de San Miguel. They were then asked to stick each vision in thematrix with the same format as below:The participants were very positive with regards to how they responded to theactivity. All of the participants from each sector expressed their hope that they willeventually have their own homes in the future with the help of Palafox Associatesand Mapua Institute of Technology. This hope is extended tithe youth who will havefinished their education by the time projected in the activity.2013-‐2018 2019-‐2023 2024-‐2028
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 54 Identification of what is ‘formal’ and ‘informal’ in Barangay Estero de San MiguelAside from non-ownership of their houses, the participants also agreed that theirinformality extends to their livelihood. When asked by the facilitator to state theiropinion regarding the difference between the words “informal settler” and“squatter” one of the participants said that they are the same but the former is amore “sosyal” (sophisticated) version.Who are the people, the officials, the institutions or organization do you think that canhelp your families to have a prosperous life?The participants consider Palafox Associates and Mapua Institute of Technology asthe most important NGOs in terms of their work in helping them obtain their ownhomes. They also acknowledged the work of their Chairwoman, Mrs. FilomenaCinco, in acting as their champion in getting their land titles.D. Closing and Awarding of CertificatesMs. Bercilla thanked the participants for their valuable participation in the FGD andended with the assurance that they will be provided with the results of this studyand that they will be invited to a multi-organizational workshop through which theycan say their suggestions on how their community can be better improved.E. Awarding of Certificates and Distribution of TokensEach participant received a certificate of appreciation and token as a symbol ofASoG’s gratitude to their support to the ICD project.Prepared by: Alaina Mae Villegas andCharmaine Tobes
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 55 II. Brgy. Estero de San Miguel, Manila: Photo DocumentationPhilippine Flag raised at the terrace of Estero de San MiguelBarangay Hall.
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 56 Ms. Bercilla (center) introducing herself and explaining about the project to theparticipants.a. IntroductionThe participants one by one introduced themselves before the group.
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 57 b. Mapping ExerciseSticker dots time! Participants plotted the basic services in their community on themap.Ms. Erlinda (lady in violet) placing violet sticker dots on places where the PWDs usuallymeet.
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 58 Locating other facilities and services like the different transportation (orange sticker dots) modes within the barangay. Participants identifying the approximate location (100m., 300m., 500., etc.) of the public services near the community.
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 59 Mang Doming proudly shares the challenges he encounter in earning a living which hedoes to feed his family.Mylene who represents the youth sector shares her feelings about the people bashingthem for being informal settlers.
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 60 c. Timeline of Envisioned Futuresd. Illustrating the Envisioned FuturesArmando writes on the map the things that he wants to see in their community in thefuture.Participants were able to identify their preferred future for themselves, family and fortheir community.
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 61 e. Closing and Awarding of CertificatesMs. Bercilla discussing the results of the visioning activity of the participants.Closing Remarks by Dr. Guillen
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 62 Prepared by:Dhenmark ValeraAlthea Muriel PinedaAwarding of certificates and distribution of tokens of appreciation.
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 63 III. LIBIS TABING ILOG, BANABA, BRGY. STO. NIÑOSAN MATEO, RIZAL (bordering Marikina City)27 February 2013Facilitator: Lorenzo Cordova, Jr.Asst. Facilitators: Dr. Segundo RomeroCreselda O. DobleDocumentor: Creselda O. DobleSupport Staff: Althea Muriel PinedaAletheia Kerygma ValencianoParticipants:NAME SECTOR 1. Belinda Bibon PWD 2. Benoza Benita Women 3. Ivy Dahunay Women 4. Jerry Mark Badilla Youth 5. Jamby Dela Cruz Women 6. Josephine Isla Women 7. Anastasia Magno Women 8. Erlyn Consulta Women 9. Leonila Silvestre Elderly 10. Nora Cadag Elderly 11. Pedro Cadag PWD 12. James Michael Cadag Youth 13. Antonio Edison Javier Elderly 14. Ariel Largo Youth 15. Lita Nestor Elderly 16. Robert Cita Youth 17. Al Caybot Social Worker 18. Noli Abinales Captain 19. Andy Chaggar Social Worker 20. Emma Taylor Social Worker
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 64 BARANGAY STO. NIÑO, SAN MATEO RIZAL Coordinates: Land Area: 4.5 hectares Nearby cities: AntipoloCity, Rizal, QuezonCity, Rodriguez(Montalban), RizalTotal Population: I. BRIEF PROFILE OF THE COMMUNITYBanaba Extension has an area of 4.5 hectares surrounded by the Nangka River. The narrowroads make the vehicles seem impossible to enter inside the village. Around 650 houses tryto fit in this area, each may be housing 1-3 families8.There are small business establishments in the area including bakeries and Sari-sari. Chapelsand day-care centers can be found in the area. Also, only fewhomes are made out of concrete and most are made up of lightmaterials. Chapels and day-care centers are also found in thisarea.People in this area mostly earn their living by working infactories. There are also construction workers, junk and bottlecollectors, scramble sellers, etc. Their leisure time was spent ongambling, playing cards, billiards, ma-jong, and basketball.People’s houses were illegally built on lands surrounded by theriver. They have no ownership on these lands and majority ofthe people are still paying in installment to own this. Meanwhile, right of ways can be boughtfor P1,000.00 per square meter.Just like in any poor communities, garbage disposal is a major concern in the area. The roadsare too narrow therefore making it difficult for garbage trucks to enter and collect waste inthe area. This causes the people to dispose instead on the river. Others on the other handburn their garbage which causes air pollution.Aside from having two homeowners’ association, groups such as Buklod Tao, a people’sorganization in the at-risk community of Banaba, Brgy. Sto. Niño are formed to reinforcecapacity of communities in Rizal to respond to disasters.II. FGD PROPERA. OPENING AND WELCOME REMARKS BY DR. ROMERODr. Romero welcomed and acknowledged the participants’ willingness to participatein the FGD. 8 Retrieved from http://cosca-‐dlsu. cwts.wikispaces.com/Banaba+Extension+Brgy+Banaba+San+Mateo,+Rizal?responseToken=0ad426aae52fd2bad677bbdc849674ccf
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 65 B. INTRODUCTION OF ASOG STAFF AND PARTICIPANTSThe ASoG staff starting with Dr. Romero, introduced themselves by stating theirnames, what they do for the program and in which part of the city do they comefrom. This was followed by the participants’ self-introduction.Eighteen (18) residents of Libis Tabing Ilog, Banaba, Barangay Sto. Niño, participatedin the FGD with representatives from the Elderly (4); Women (5); Youth (2); and,PWD (2).Two foreign social workers from the European Disaster Volunteers Organization(UK Disaster Charity Organization) were present to observe. They were in thecommunity to start possible collaborations with Buklod Tao, Inc. on disasterpreparedness and response.C. OVERVIEW OF THE PROGRAM AND OBJECTIVESProgram OverviewDr. Romero briefly gave an overview of the program by highlighting what theprogram is all about, what is the importance of the program, who is funding theprogram and who are the people and the institutions involved in undertaking thisprogram.Objectives of the FGDThe following are the objectives of the FGD as enumerated by Dr. Romero: To gather information on the way of life in Libis Tabing Ilog Banaba, Barangay Sto.Niño To gather information on the aspect of ‘Formal and Informal’ in Libis Tabing IlogBanaba, Barangay Sto. Nino To be able to create a vision on the future of the residents of Banaba, Barangay Sto.Nino as a community To be able to disseminate this information that will later on be part of a plan thatwill make Banaba, Barangay Sto. Nino and the lives of its residents a better one.D. MAPPING EXERCISEThe participants were asked to locate their houses in the big map using sticker dots.Then each had to describe their household situation by writing their answers on asheet of paper. Please see responses below:
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 66 Location of housesThirteen (13) out of the 10 participants live along the river while five (5) live in theinterior part of the barangay.Make up of houseMake up of house ResponsesLight materials (wood and GI sheets) 10Mixed (concrete/wood/GI sheets) 8Concrete only 0TOTAL 18Number of families in the houseA total of five (5) participants said that they share the house with another family.One out of the five participants, who is a senior citizen, said that he shares his housewith 2 of his married children. Please see table below:No. ofparticipantsWho is/are theotherfamily/families?Reasons forliving withanother familyNuclear family 10Living with 2families4 Families of marriedchildren• Marriedchildren can’tafford to rent aseparate house• JoblessLiving with 3families3Living with 5families1TOTAL 18Number of people in the house# of people in the house Participants1 12 – 3 24 – 6 107 – 8 39 – 10 212TOTAL 18Family expenses per day (per person)
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 67 Expenses per day/person ParticipantsP50.00 - 100.00 1P101.00 – P200.00 2P201.00 – P300.00 6P301.00 – P400.00 1P401.00 – P500.00 8P501.00 – P600.00TOTAL 18Family Members who are SickAll 19 participants claimed that they have sick family members in the house. Pleasesee type of illness below:Type of Illness ParticipantsHypertension 12Diabetes 1Hypertension & Diabetes 3Kidney stones 2Gall bladder stonesTOTAL 18Family Members who are Out-of-SchoolFourteen 14 out of the 18 participants claimed that they have children who are outof school because of the major reason that parents cannot afford to send them toschool.Family Members who are JoblessEleven (61%) of participants have family members who are out of job because of twomajor reasons: 1) lack basic educational requirement (available jobs require at least2nd year college of educational attainment); and, 2) end of contract for contractualemployment.Mapping of Available Facilities in Libis Tabing Ilog, Banaba, Barangay Sto. Niño
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 68 The participants were asked to map the available facilities in Libis, Tabing Ilog. Theparticipants were able to locate these facilities which according to them have beenvery helpful to all the residents of the barangay. Below is the list of these facilities: Health centers Barangay Hall Youth Center Children’s Playground Day care centers Tricycle terminal Jeep terminalAlthough the barangay has all the above mentioned facilities, the people from LibisTabing Ilog don’t find these facilities helpful to them because of its physical location.Libis Tabing Ilog is quite far from these facilities that residents need to commute viatricycle which would cost them a hundred pesos (US$2.4) and a jeepney ride whichwould cost less – P8.00 (US$0.19) but they need to hike for 20 minutes to get tothe nearest station. In case of emergency, the jeepney ride is not an option.Jobs and Livelihood of Residents of Libis Tabing Ilog?The participants were asked about the types of job and livelihood of residents ofBanaba, Barangay Sto. Nino depending on their economic status as categorized into1) ordinary residents; 2) well-to-do residents; and, poorest residents. Please seematrix below:Jobs/Livelihood of‘Ordinary Residents’(PANG-KARANIWANGRESIDENTE)Jobs/Livelihood ofResidents who are ‘Well-to-do’(NAKAKARIWASANGRESIDENTE)Jobs/Livelihood ofthe ‘Poorest’Residents(PINAKA-SALATNA RESIDENTE)• Driver (taxi, jeeney,tricycle)• Jeepney conductor• Truck helper(pahinante)• Laundry woman• Beautician(Manicurist)• Security guard• Rug sewer• Usurer (one who lendsmoney with a 20%interest per month)• OFW (seamen, domestichelper)• Drug pusher(when askedwhy they don’t reportthese kind of people inthe authorities/the police,they said they are afraidthat these people will getback to them for revenge• Landlord of the house(somebody who rents outhouses)• Vegetable backyardgardening (sellsvegetables on thestreets)• Constructionworker (carpenter,mason, manuallaborer)• Scavenger(someone whoscavenges garbage)• Robbers (someonewho steals otherpeoples’ belonging)
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 69 E. Timeline ExerciseWhat are the happy (positive) and unfortunate (negative) experiences that you hadencountered here in Banaba?The participants were asked to create a timeline which dates back from the year2000 with an every five-year interval up to the current year. In this timeline they hadto remember their happy (positive) experiences and their unfortunate (negative)experiences both family and community-related. Please see matrix below for theirresponses:YEAR HAPPY (+) EXPERIENCES UNFORTUNATE (-)EXPERIENCESFAMILY COMMUNITY FAMILY COMMUNITY2000-2004• Was ableto buythe housethat thefamily useto rent• Disaster-causedaccident byone of familymember• Serious illnessif one familymember• Threat of‘DEMOLITION’2005-2008• Constructionof their mainroad2009-2013• Vehicularaccident ofone familymember• Massive andheavyflooding dueto typhoon‘Ondoy’ and‘Habagay’• Pettyrobbery(even ricepots arebeing stolen)• Increasednumber ofjoblessresidentsWhat are the conditions that make the lives of the residents of Libis Tabing Ilogcomfortable?The participants were unanimous in saying that for their lives to be comfortable thefollowing should be realized:o a stable job that can support their familieso parents should be able to send their children to school because this will helpalleviate their financial situation
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 70 Two months ago, the barangay sponsored a livelihood training, specifically,cosmetology (hair and beauty) for the women in the community, while the PWDsreceived relief goods during the Habagat typhoon. The participants also feel that tobe able to live comfortably, there should be peace and order their place. (Note:Peace and order situation in this community will be thoroughly discussed in the nextquestion.)What are the conditions that make the lives of the residents of Libis Tabing Iloguncomfortable?In this particular question, the participants were asked to identify conditions thatthey think make their lives in their community uncomfortable. Although thefacilitator asked them to group themselves according to the sector which theyrepresent, as a group, they believe that the conditions below are conditions thatcuts across sectors and are major concerns that affects all the residents of theircommunity:SECTORS CONDITIONS THAT MAKE LIFE IN BANABA,BGY. STO NINO (specifically in Libis, TabingIlog) UNCOMFORTABLESenior Citizens • No regular program for the elderly except for thedistribution of relief goods and grocery items duringthe disaster.(Note: There is a major concern that they raisedwith regard this relief distribution. They claimed thatduring the last two big typhoons (Ondoy andHabagat), the grocery items that were meant for allthe resident of Libis Tabing Ilog were intercepted bythe staff of the Purok Leader. They claimed that thecanned corned beef that they were supposed toreceive were replaced with canned sardines instead.)Women • No jobs for women in spite of the livelihood trainingthey have attendedYouth • High number of out-of-school-youth (the youth arealso clamoring for a youth organization that will helpmobilize them to address their concernsPWD • No regular program for PWDsThe participants all agreed that aside from the above mentioned concerns, theresidents of Libis Tabing Ilog are facing these four ((4) major problems:Land and House OwnershipThe residents of Libis Tabing Ilog are anxious about the status of their landand house ownership. Although some of them bought the rights to the piece of landwhere their houses are, they are aware that this is very temporary and that they willalso face eviction in the future.Financial Security
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 71 The FGD participants for their financial security aspire that the localgovernment provide them (specifically for women, the elderly and PWDs) withlivelihood projects that will enable them to earn a little to help augment their familyincome. They will welcome a small financial capital so they can start a small sari-saristore.House RentalSome of the FGD participants are renting a house or a room for theirfamilies. It is worth knowing that even in a place such as Libis Tabing Ilog, there are alot of people who are able to rent out a house and a space in their house for anamount that is still expensive for a family whose head of the family has no regularjob and earns below the minimum wage of P465.00 per day.For a house with one bedroom made up of concrete and GI sheets, themonthly rental is P1,500 (US$37.00) while a one-square room made up of lightmaterial (wood and GI Sheets) would cost P600 (US15.00), excluding water andelectricity.WaterThe community has three (3) water pumps and one (1) natural well for theirsource of water. However, only one of the 3 water pumps is the source for theirpotable water. The residents had to queue everyday for their drinking water. Someresidents are resourceful enough to find ways of fetching water. They had thisimprovised catch basin (to catch the rain) attached to the rain gutter made of bigplastic bottle with a long hose that goes directly to a big drum. They use water fromthis for bathing, dishwashing, and laundering. This way they don’t need to go to fetchwater from nearest water pump, which is several meters away from their house.ElectricityLibis Tabing Ilog used to have a legal electric power connection thruMERALCO. However, in 2003, MERALCO found out that there were many illegalelectric connections in the community, they permanently disconnected their serviceand included them in their black list.Source of electricity since them became a major problem. To date, theirelectric power is connected to the Barangay’s extension post thru a mother whereall the sub-meters are connected. They are charged P21.00 (half a dollar) perkilowatt usage a month plus VAT.For renters, they are connected to their landlords for wherein they are alsocharged the same amount for every kilowatt used per month but with a fixedamount of P100/month (US$2.4) for VAT. This is an informal connection that is notrecognized by MERALCO in short, it is an illegal connection. But apparently,MERALCO is aware of this arrangement and that they just allow it for humanitarianreason.When asked why the residents opted for an illegal connection, instead ofapplying for a legal connection, they gave two major reasons:
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 72 o they could not afford the electric connection feeo fear of disapproval of application for connection because they know that they areincluded in the black list of MERALCOSafety and SecurityThe residents of Libis Tabing Ilog fear for their safety because they are aware thattheir houses sit in an alluvial plane and that a big typhoon can easily wash them away.Thus, they also hope that the government can help them find a safer place which willnot be far from their sources of livelihood.What are your happy (positive) and sad (negative) visions in the next 15 years here in LibisTabing Ilog, both for your family and for Libis Tabing Ilog as your community?This time the participants were asked to write down one vision (whether positive ornegative) per meta card and each vision identified can be for the participants’ familyor for Bgy. Sto. Nino . They were then asked to stick each vision in the matrix withthe same format as below:The participants think that 15 years seemed too far for their visions. Thus, thevisions they identified are only up to 2018. Please see matrix below:YEAR POSITIVE (+) VISION NEGATIVE (-) VISIONFamily Community Family Community2013 -2018• For childrento finish theirstudies andhave stablejobs• To have ourown house• To have adialogue withinstitutions/people who canhelp address theconcerns thatour commu-nityface which weraised earlier• We hope tohave our ownhealth centerand day care• Jobs for thejobless here inour community‘DEMOLITION’It is evident that Libis Tabing Ilog still has a long way to go. The problems that theyare currently facing as a community are typical of an informal settler. Although manyof them already bought the rights for their land, they still believe that it should be2013-‐2018 2019-‐2023 2024-‐2028
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 73 the government who should provide them the rights to this land to formalize theirland ownership status.F. F. Closing and Awarding of CertificatesJay R thanked the participants for their valuable participation in the FGD and endedwith the assurance that they the results of this study will hopefully help them in theother community problems that they will face in the future.G. Awarding of Certificates and Distribution of TokensDr. Romero awarded each participant with a certificate in appreciation for theirattendance and participation to the FGD and tokens as symbol of ASoG’s gratitudeto their support to the ICD project.Prepared By:Creselda Doble
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 74 Banaba Community in Barangay Sto. Niño, San Mateo, RizalPHOTO DOCUMENTATIONBrgy. Sto Niño, San Mateo, Rizala. IntroductionOpening Remarks (Overview of the research study) by Dr. Segundo Romero
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 75 Volunteers from New York and UK came over to observe the FGD proper.Sir JayR (man in blue at the right) explained (in detail) the whole mechanics of themapping.
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 76 b. Mapping ExerciseWith the use of a printed satellite map, participants were able to identify and placethe sticker dots to where the basic services located in their community.Participants mapping their houses with sticker dots and writing their names on it.
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 77 c. Timeline ExerciseThe timeline is presented in a PowerPoint projector so that the participants can view itclearly.Profile of the participants written in green metacards.
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 78 d. Closing ProperPrepared by:Dhenmark ValeraAlthea Muriel PinedaAfter the distribution of tokens and certificates, the team was invited to take pictures infront of the participants’ houses
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 79 IV. BRGY. MANGGAHAN, PASIG CITY1 March 2013 Facilitator: Dr. Danielle GuillenAsst. Facilitator/Documentor: Jessica Dator-BercillaCharmaine TobesSupport Staff: Dhenmark ValeraAlaina Mae VillegasParticipants:NAME SECTOR 1. Danilo Nopueto Elderly 2. NanenetteNopueto Elderly 3. Rachel Duka Women 4. Janet Taboada Women 5. Evelyn Toquire Women 6. TeofiloMorado Elderly 7. Marina Toribio Elderly 8. Clara Bachiller Women 9. Quin Cruz Youth 10. Leah Ariola Women 11. RowellaBallega PWD 12. WilfredoLaurio Youth 13. Jonathan Laurio Youth 14. PhilliphJhonAlmodovar Youth 15. JovitaOreta Elderly 16. Amelita Serrano Women
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 80 BARANGAY MANGGAHAN, PASIG CITY Land Area: 375 hectares/ 3, 800, 000 sq. Boundaries:North- Barangay delaPaz, Pasig CitySouth- BarangayRosario, Pasig CityEast- Barangay SanIsidro, Cainta, RizalWest- Marikina River,Bagumbayan, LibisQuezon City Total Population as of 2000: 72, 944 17. Rosita Mangaoil Women 18. Estella Pagaddu Elderly 19. Esther San Juan Women 20. Rosario Legaspi Women I. BRIEF PROFILE OF THE COMMUNITYUncountable Municipal resolution in 1959 was madecreating the former Sitio Talampas og Barrio RosarioBecame the Barrio Manggahan. During those times,There were abundant mango trees in the locality.Giant mango trees were lined along the barangay andthis was where the name Manggahan was derived9• Description of the settlement todayLand Area: 375 hectares/ 3, 800, 000 sq. metersBoundaries:North- Barangay dela Paz, Pasig CitySouth- Barangay Rosario, Pasig CityEast- Barangay San Isidro, Cainta, RizalWest- Marikina River, Bagumbayan, Libis Quezon City• Population profileProject Population (by family)- 75, 000Male- 32, 825Female- 40, 119NAPICO- 32, 651Manggahan- 32, 6151I. FGD PROPERA. WELCOME REMARKS AND OVERVIEW OF THE PROJECT Dr. Guillenwelcomed the participants and gives a brief overview about the project.B. Introduction of ASOG STAFF AND PARTICIPANTSThe members of the team introduced themselves starting with Dr. Guillen. A total of 19 residents of Brgy. Manggahan participated on the FGD representing sectors such as youth, elderly, environmental police, barangay leaders and elderly, women and PWDs. 9 Cruz, C., Barangay Profile Manggahan Pasig City (1989-‐2002)
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 81 C. Mapping/FGD SessionImportant insights were elicited from a short discussion before the mapping activity.Including the following:• There was a time on Pasig City’s history when Ninoy Aquino Pilot Community(NAPICO) was attacked/“sinalakay” by the residents because of their fear for theplace to be seized by the Metropolitan Manila Authority (MMA). If the residentsremembered it right, that was on or before the EDSA revolution.• One of the primitive livelihoods on the place was ducking for “tisa”, one of theprimary ingredients for brick-making, according to Nanay Marina which is a residentof the place for almost 5 decades.• On the said time, the place was converted from “tanimang bayan” (public garden) to“tanimang bahay”(public housing), because of the drastic increase of tenants.• The discussion on the nature of informality for the participants also generateinteresting insights.• Frequently mentioned places were: MOA Compound which was owned by friars,Napico, and Manggahan Housing.• The barangay according to Mr. Quin Cruz, one of the barangay leaderswas 4th of the densiest barangay in Metro Manila.• The workshop also served as a venue for the community to raise their concerns toone of the brgy. Councils, Quin, who asked the community if they felt the changesthe brgy. officials intended for the community. Their answers vary mainly because ofthe sectors the projects targeted.• It is also noticeable that the income the barangay earns from the manufacturingindustry located on their barangay does not equate the amount they should haveearned from having those industries on their place.D. Mapping activityThe group was asked to locate on the map the basic facilities and services found inthere area. The result of the mapping activity is the following:Facilities No. of Identified FacilitiesDay Care Center 6Senior Citizen’s Convening place 0Health center 17Brgy. Outpost 10PWDs Convening place 0Public Transport terminal/hub Jeepney- 24 Tricycle-25 Pedicab-14Dangerous Place 1Flood Prone Area 16Garbage Disposal Area 7Electric Meter 3Water meter 9• It should be noted that the printed map according to Mr. Cruz doesn’t cover someof the jurisdiction of the barangay.
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 82 E. Timeline exercise2013POSITIVE NEGATIVEMasolusyonan ang mga issue sakabataan gaya ng bisyoMawala na ang mga hadlang sa pag asenson gaming komunidad at magkaroon na nghalaga ang presensiya ng mga PWDLivelihoodKabuhayanEdukasyon2018POSITIVE NEGATIVEMga pagtuturo sa out of school ofyouthTraffic due to volume of vehicles,unilateral traffic management planincluding one way one lay markingDagdag ng 2 units ng building sa urbanpoorUunlad an gaming kumpiyansa sa mgasarili naming bilang mga PWD dito sabrgy. ManggahanTrabaho Di-salbabidang mga bahayPagtaas ng family migration Mayroong pampublikong ospital perowalang espesiyalista o magkaroon ngdoktorMas dadami ang mga schoolMagkakaroon ng kabuhayan ang mgamagulang o mga kabataanDepende ang pag unlad sa politikonguupoMagandang kinabukasanIprayoridad ang kabuhayan ngmagulang o pagkakakitaanHospital, university and otherestablishmentMagtayo ng mga buildingPositibong pagbabago kung si KgwdQuin ang uupoMaternal, child health, construction oflying in or mini hospitalAccess to livelihood, employment,cooperative enterprisesConstruction of livelihood center ortechnical vocational courses
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 83 Iskwelahang pang kolehiyoPagbaba ng tuitionMagkaroon ng partisipasiyon ang PWDsa aming barangayUso ang BangkaSkill centerWaste segregationLeisureLibreng housing2023POSITIVE NEGATIVEMarami na ang may trabaho Lack of space and lot for day carecenters and schoolsMay itatayong ospital Lalala ang krimen dahil sa kahirapanMaaaring makapag aral ang mga walangkakayahan mag aralExpansion of commerceEstablishement than housingMas ligtas na ang lugarKumpleto sa mga aparatoMaipapatupad ang mga ordinansa (brgy& city ordinances)Wala nang diskriminasyon sa mgaPWD dito sa barangayExpansion of commerce2028POSITIVE NEGATIVEMay sariling bahay at lupa Lalala ang polusyonFrom the synthesis of this activity by Ms.Bercilla, it can be noted that most of theparticipants are aware of the pros and cons of the construction of more medium orhigh-rise buildings in their place, since having it may help the community ingenerating more jobs, but it can also lead to demolition of their homes, which is thelast thing they want to happen.F. Identification of vision for future
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 84 a. Livelihood para sa mga taob. Emphasisc. mabigyan ng pagkakataon ang mga galing sa jaild. skill centere. magkaroon ng trabaho ang mga tambayf. bumaba ang presyo ng bilihing. trabaho para sa mga PWD sa lahat ng mga pabrika sa Pasigh. tricycle pang-hanap buhayi. mataas na sahod para sa mga green policej. mabigyan ng sariling bahayk. urban development without compromising the environmentl. mabigyan ng pedicab ang mga walang hanapbuhay• The participants showed interest on gardening which Ms. Jec promised to help themthrough.Who/What will help them achieve their desired futures?• Oneself• Leaders• God• PartnersWho or what will be the barriers for achieving their desired futures?• People who don’t want any changes in the communityIf the voice of the community will not be heardPrepared by:Jessica Dator-BercillaCharmaine Tobes
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 85 PHOTO DOCUMENTATIONBrgy. Manggahan, Pasig Citya. IntroductionDr..Guillen delivers her opening remarks and made a brief discussion about theInformal City Dialogues and the purpose of the FGD.The participants gamely introduce themselves.
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 86 Ms. Bercilla explains the mapping process to the participants.Results of the mapping exercises. (Orange sticker dots indicates that every street inbrgy. Manggahan has Jeepney, Tricycle or Pedicab Terminals.b. Mapping Exercise
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 87 c. Timeline ExerciseMs. Marge (volunteer staff in black) assisted the group of green police and seniorcitizen. In a piece of metacard, she writes down all the participants’ aspiration for thefuture.Ms. Bercilla presented the timeline and asked the participants to form a circle. Here,Dr. Guillen is seen assisting the participants.
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 88 d. Illustrating Envisioned FutureProject staff assisting the participants in placing the meta-cards on the Manila paper.Ms. Bercilla explains how envisioning their future would help them to achieve it. Sheallowed the participants to write and draw things they wanted to see in a particularplace.
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 89 e. Closing and Awarding of CertificatesEach of the participants wrote (more than one) many things that they envision(changes and progress) in their barangay.Dr. Guillen delivering the closing remarks and expressing project team’s deepestappreciation to the participants.
Ateneo School of Government Informal City Dialogues Community Mapping Documentation 90 Prepared by:Dhenmark ValeraAlthea Muriel PinedaGroup photo