Teachers' manual - UNICEF Georgia

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The syllabus called ‘Children’s Rights and Journalism Practice’ was developed by UNICEF Regional Office in Geneva with the support of the Dublin Institute of Technology. …

The syllabus called ‘Children’s Rights and Journalism Practice’ was developed by UNICEF Regional Office in Geneva with the support of the Dublin Institute of Technology.

The syllabus consists of students’ manual and teachers’ guide. With UNICEF support the manual was translated into Georgian.

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  • 1. bavSvis uflebebi da Jurnalisturi praqtika - uflebebze dafuZnebuli midgoma saxelmZRvanelo pedagogebisaTvis bavSvis uflebebi uflebebis dacva da Jurnalisturi praqtika - bavSvTa parlamentebi uflebebze dafuZnebuli ras unda moicavdes kodeqsi?presis Tavisufleba midgoma
  • 2. bavSvis uflebebi da Jurnalisturi praqtika –uflebebze dafuZnebuli midgoma saxelmZRvanelo pedagogebisaTvis 2011 weli
  • 3. saswavlo kursi momzadda centraluri da aRmosavleTevropisa da damoukidebel saxelmwifoTa Tanamegobrobisiunisefis regionuli ofisis dakveTiT© gaeros bavSvTa fondi (iunisefi) - dublinisteqnologiis instituti, 2007 w.© qarTuli Targmani da gamocema, gaeros bavSvTa fondissaqarTvelos warmomadgenloba, 2011 w.saxelmZRvanelos qarTuli variantis SemuSavebasa daadaptaciaSi monawileobdnen: daviT paiWaZe, iliassaxelobis universiteti; marine vaSaymaZe, Tbilisissaxelmwifo universiteti; maia miqaSaviZe, Jurnalistikisada media menejmentis kavkasiuri skola; naTia kalaZe,saqarTvelos universiteti; maia qurcikiZe, gaerosbavSvTa fondi.
  • 4. sarCevimodulis Sesavali ............................................................................................................................................5swavlebis meTodebi ......................................................................................................................................6pedagoguri principebi.............................................................................................................................6Sedegebi da miznebi.......................................................................................12meTodologiebi .............................................................................................14swavlebis Sereuli meTodi.........................................................................20Sefaseba ............................................................................................................23modulis struqtura .....................................................................................31calkeul TavTan dakavSirebuliSeniSvnebi maswavleblebisaTvis ..............................................................33
  • 5. .
  • 6. bavSvis uflebebi da Jurnalisturi praqtika - uflebebze dafuZnebuli midgoma 5modulis Sesavaliam saswavlo kursis Teoria da praqtika isea Serwymuli, rom kursisdasrulebiT Jurnalistikis Semswavleli studentebi marto bavSvisuflebaTa sferos mniSvnelovani aspeqtebis gaSuqebis unar-Cvevebs ki arganiviTareben, aramed SeZleben gaiazron am sferos gaSuqebis praqtikada kritikulad Seafason bavSvis uflebebTan dakavSirebiT arsebulisituacia, rogorc sakuTar qveyanaSi, aseve mTel msoflioSi. avtorebiaseve imedovneben, rom am moduliT miRebuli codna da unar-Cvevebisxvebzec gavrceldeba. studentebi, romlebic warmatebiT gaivlian amkurss, miiReben srulyofil codnas uflebebisa da eTikis sferoebSi,ecodinebaT, rogor moekidon wyaroebs, axal ambebs da rogormoamzadon masala TanagrZnobiT, Tumca gaiTvaliswinon sazogadoebisufleba _ miiRos informacia, da gaiTviTcnobieron, sad gadis zRvariinformirebasa da TanagrZnobas Soris. studentebma unda ganixilon dagaaanalizon, rodisa aqvs Jurnalists masalis gamoqveynebis ufleba,magram, amave dros, pasuxismgeblobac, ar gamoaqveynos igi, anda rodisgadadis delikaturoba TviTcenzuraSi.saxelmZRvaneloSi mocemuli masalis gamoyeneba bevrnairad SeiZleba.leqtorebma SeiZleba masala studentebs miscen mecadineobazewasakiTxad diskusiisa da debatebis xelSesawyobad, daurigonredaqtirebuli varianti an gamoiyenon mecadineobaze Canawerebis saxiT.saswavlo kursi sakmaod moqnilia da leqtorebi, romlebic am kurssstudentebTan gaivlian, advilad SeZleben mis morgebas swavlebisSemuSavebul meTodebze. Tumca swavlis Sedegebisa da miznebiswarmatebiT miRweva damokidebulia im pedagogiur principebsa dameTodologiebze, romlebic swavlebis nebismieri meTodis safuZvelsqmnis. momdevno Tavi, romelic swavlebis meTodebs exeba, dagexmarebaTam modulis swavlebis formisa da midgomis SemuSavebaSi da kursiswarmarTvaSi.
  • 7. 6swavlebis meTodebimoduli `bavSvis uflebebi da Jurnalisturi praqtika – uflebebzedafuZnebuli midgoma~ efuZneba or cnobil pedagogiur princips:studentze orientirebul swavlebas da ganaTlebas adamianis uflebebissferoSi. orive es principi moicavs mkafio, Tumca damxmare Teoriebs,miznebsa da pedagogiur meTodologiebs, romlebic momdevno TavebSiaaRwerili. masalis miwodebisas leqtorebs SeuZliaT am TavebiTixelmZRvanelon anda mocemuli magaliTebi garkveulwilad Secvalonda sakuTar midgomas moargon.maSin, rodesac studentze orientirebuli swavlebis principiavtonomiisa da pasuxismgeblobis grZnobas uviTarebs swavlaSiaqtiurad da Rrmad CarTul studentebs, adamianis uflebebis sferoSiganaTlebis principi studentze orientirebuli swavlebis principsiyenebs missave meTodologiaSi, romelic Tanamonawileobas emyarebada, aseve, xels uwyobs faseulobebis Camoyalibebas studentebSi dastudentebis aqtiurobas uflebebis dacvis saqmeSi. amrigad, swavlebismeTodika JurnalistikaSi, bavSvis uflebaTa dacvis konteqstSi, iseTivemniSvnelobas iZens, rogorc Tavad saswavlo masala.pedagoguri principebistudentze orientirebuli swavlebamaSin, rodesac maswavlebelze orientirebuli swavlebis strategiafokusirebulia maswavlebelze, romelic eqspertis codnas axalbedasgadascems, studentze orientirebuli swavleba fokusirebuliastudentze, romelmac Tavad unda imoqmedos ganaTlebis misaRebad.studentze orientirebuli swavlebis SemTxvevaSi Tavad studentebiarian codnis Semqmnelebi, xolo maswavlebeli an leqtori swavlisprocesis fasilitatoria da ara informaciis mimwodebeli. am rolSifasilitatori lideria, avtoritetuli figura, romelic Tavadac dasxvebTan urTierTobidan gamomdinarec darwmunebulia, rom sxvebs aqvTunari, iazrovnon da iswavlon.
  • 8. bavSvis uflebebi da Jurnalisturi praqtika - uflebebze dafuZnebuli midgoma 7studentze orientirebuli swavleba zrdis SemswavlelTapasuxismgeblobas sakuTari ganaTlebis mimarT. am strategiiT studentierTveba gadawyvetilebis miRebis procesebSi, swavlobs qmedebisgziT da ara ubralod mosmenis da iseTi davalebebis Sesrulebisa,romlebic xSirad konteqstidanaa amovardnili da amitom studentis`realobisgan~ Sors dgas. radgan swavlis procesi ufro aqtiuria(vidre maswavleblis pasiuri smena), masalis damaxsovreba ufro advilixdeba; vinaidan swavlis procesi individualur midgomas gulisxmobs daukavSirdeba studentebis cxovrebasa da gamocdilebas, es strategia`acocxlebs~ masalas da mas realur cxovrebasTan Sesabamiss xdis.studentze orientirebuli swavlebis strategiis damaxasiaTebeliTvisebebia: • damokidebuleba aqtiur swavlaze da ara pasiurze, • fokusireba siRmiseul swavlasa da gaazrebaze, • studentebis pasuxismgeblobisa da angariSvaldebulebis amaRleba, • moswavleebSi avtonomiurobis gancdis gaZliereba, • maswavleblisa da moswavlis urTierTdamokidebuleba, • urTierTpativiscema maswavleblisa da moswavlis urTierTobaSi, • da refleqsiuri midgoma swavlebis da swavlis procesebisadmi, rogorc maswavleblis, aseve moswavlis mxridan.studentze orinetirebuli swavlebis mTavari principebi mokled aseSeiZleba Camoyalibdes: • moswavle srulad aris pasuxismgebeli sakuTari ganaTlebis miRebis procesze; • ganaTlebis misaRebad aucilebelia procesSi CarTva da monawileobis miReba; • SemswavlelTa Soris urTierToba ufro Tanasworia, rac xels uwyobs zrdasa da ganviTarebas; • maswavlebeli xdeba fasilitatori da konsultanti; • moswavlis ganaTlebaSi xdeba sxvadasxva elementis Serwyma (emociuri da SemecnebiTi velebis erTianoba). (O’Neill & McMahon, 2005)
  • 9. 8ganaTleba adamianis uflebebis sferoSiganaTleba adamianis uflebebis sferoSi SeiZleba ganisazRvros,rogorc ganaTleba, treningi da informacia, romlebic miznad isaxavsadamianis uflebaTa sayovelTao kulturis Camoyalibebas codnisgaziarebis, unar-Cvevebis gadacemis da midgomebis formirebis gziT daigi mimarTulia: • adamianis uflebebisa da ZiriTadi Tavisuflebebisadmi pativiscemis gaZlierebisaken; • pirovnebis srulyofili ganviTarebisa da Rirsebis gancdis Camoyalibebisaken; • urTierTgagebis, tolerantobis, sqesobrivi Tanasworobis damkvidrebisa da erebs, mkvidr xalxebs, rasobriv, eTnikur, religiur da enobriv jgufebs Soris megobrobis xelSewyobisaken; • yvela adamianis uzrunvelyofisaken SesaZleblobiT, qmediTi monawileoba miiRos Tavisufal da demokratiul sazogadoebaSi, romelSic daculia kanonis uzenaesoba; • mSvidobis mSeneblobisa da SenarCunebisaken; • adamianze orientirebuli stabiluri ganviTarebisa da socialuri samarTlianobis xelSewyobisaken.ganaTleba adamianis uflebebis sferoSi moicavs: • codnasa da unar-Cvevebs – adamianis uflebebis da maTi dacvis meqanizmebis Sesaxeb codnis miRebas, aseve, yoveldRiur cxovrebaSi maTi gamoyenebis unar-Cvevebis SeZenas; • faseulobebs, damokidebulebasa da qcevas – iseTi faseulobebis, damokidebulebebisa da qcevis ganviTarebas, romelic xels uwyobs adamianis uflebebis dacvas; • moqmedebas – moqmedebas adamianis uflebebis dacvisa da popularizebisaTvis. (`iunesko~, 2005)
  • 10. bavSvis uflebebi da Jurnalisturi praqtika - uflebebze dafuZnebuli midgoma 9ra kavSiria bavSvis uflebebsa da adamianis uflebebs Sorisis gansakuTrebuli mdgomareoba, romelsac bavSvobis asaki TiToeulbavSvs aniWebs, aucilebels xdis bavSvebisadmi sagangebo yuradRebas,mzrunvelobasa da daxmarebas. bavSvebTan mimarTebiT adamianisuflebaTa ganmarteba da realizeba swored bavSvebis Taviseburebebisada saWiroebebidan gamomdinare unda moxdes. es niSnavs, rom,faqtobrivad, bavSvTa uflebebi adamianis uflebebia, Tumca im realobisgaTvaliswinebiT, romelSic bavSvebi imyofebian (Yeban, 1999).uflebebze dafuZnebuli ganaTlebisTvis, iqneba es ganaTleba bavSvisTu adamianis uflebebis Sesaxeb, iseTi Sesaferisi meTodologiaunda SemuSavdes, romliTac TavisTavad swavlis procesi gadaiqcevagzavnilad. Zafi, romelic akavSirebs transformirebadi ganaTlebis amor gansxvavebul formas, aris rwmena TiToeuli adamianis Rirsebasada keTildReobaSi. aqedan gamomdinare, individi, iqneba es bavSvi Tuzrdasruli, swavlebis procesSi centralur adgils ikavebs (Yeban,1999).adamianis uflebebis, gansakuTrebiT ki bavSvis uflebebis sferoSiganaTlebisaTvis rekomendebuli meTodi TanamonawileobiTipedagogikaa, romelic qvemoT gansazRvrul principebs efuZneba daromelsac adamianis uflebaTa umaRlesi komisris ofisi uWers mxars.TanamonawileobiTi meTodologia moicavs moswavleze orientirebuliswavlebis principebs da adamianis uflebebis sferoSi ganaTlebis imaspeqtebs, romlebic faseulobebis formirebasa da aqtiur moqmedebasexeba:1. gamocdilebasa da aqtivobaze orientirebuli principi: mkafiod unda ganimartos, rom Seswavlis sagani moswavlis obieqturi pirobebis da am pirobebSi adamianis uflebebis realizebis sworad gagebaa. unda dadgindes codnis is done, romelic students ukve aqvs, rogorc bazisi Semdgomi diskusiisTvis. studentze orientirebuli aqtivobebi ise unda SemuSavdes, rom es codna gamovlindes. es niSnavs, rom aqtivobebma studentebs sakuTari gamocdilebis gaziarebisa da codnis gamoxatvis SesaZlebloba unda misces.
  • 11. 102. problemis gamovlena: fasilitatorma unda Seamowmos moswavlis adrindeli codna iseTi kiTxvebis dasmiT, romlebic mimarTuli iqneba studentis pasuxebSi Seusabamobebis an araTanmimdevrulobis gamovlenisaken. aseTi procesi xels Seuwyobs students, gaiazros sakuTari mosazrebebi da ubiZgebs mas, Seicvalos azrovnebis modeli ise, rom logikurad ufro Sesabamisi da empiriulad Tanmimdevruli gaxdes.3. TanamonawileobiTi principi: am teqnikam xeli unda Seuwyos imas, rom koleqtiurad moxdes koncefciebis ganmarteba, Temebis gaanalizeba da aqtivobebis ganxorcieleba. sxvebis gamocdilebis gacnoba studentebisaTvis erT-erTi gzaa, romliTac adamianis gamocdileba da codna SeiZleba gafarTovdes, dadasturdes an uaryofil iqnes.4. dialeqtikuri principi: moswavleTa arsebuli codnis mxolod gamovlena ar aris sakmarisi (Tezisi). mniSvnelovania isic, rom SeadarebinoT maT sakuTari codna sxva wyaroebidan miRebul iseT codnas, rogoricaa faqtebi, monacemebi, statistika da sxv. (antiTeza) da gaakeTebinoT Sedegad miRebuli ideis (ideebis) sinTezi. is, rom aq monawileTa mier interpretirebuli sakuTari gamocdileba codnis sando wyaroebad aris miCneuli, ar niSnavs imas, rom yvelaferi subieqturad sworia. moswavleTa codna/gamocdileba, ucvleli formiT, iseve SezRudulia, rogorc eruditis `gaqvavebuli~ codna. unda moxdes am codnis/gamocdilebis Sedareba sxva adamianebis msgavsi konteqstebis interpretaciasa da gagebasTan.5. analitikuri principi: mniSvnelovania, fasilitatorma da Tavad studentebma gansazRvron is Temebi, romlebic studentTa pasuxebidan gamomdinare Cndeba, da is sabaziso principebi, romlebic am Temebs aerTianebs. fasilitatorma unda dasvas kiTxvebi `ratom~ da `rogor~. aseTi kiTxvebi daafiqrebs studentebs, ratom aris ase da rogor moxda es. studentebs aseve unda dausvaT kiTxvebi movlenebs Soris urTierTkavSirisa da maTi urTierTzemoqmedebis Sesaxeb. es is kiTxvebia, romlebic studentebs exmareba, dainaxon is, rac xiluls miRmaa.
  • 12. bavSvis uflebebi da Jurnalisturi praqtika - uflebebze dafuZnebuli midgoma 116. gamajansaRebeli principi: adamianis uflebebis damkvidrebas xels ver SevuwyobT, Tu Cven TviTon ar vsargeblobT am uflebebiT, ar viyenebT maT yoveldRiur cxovrebaSi. Tanmimdevrulobis dacva, rogorc pirad, aseve sazogadoebriv cxovrebaSi Znelia, magram ar aris SeuZlebeli. Cveni gamocdilebis intrapersonaluri, interpersonaluri da struqturuli sferoebi urTierTadakavSirebulia da erTmaneTze zemoqmedebs. Cven es mxedvelobidan ar unda gamogvrCes. adamianis uflebebis pedagogika gvaTavisuflebs, gvaZlevs saSualebas, davinaxoT, SevigrZnoT, gaviazroT, vimoqmedoT da stimuli mivceT sakuTar Tavsac da sxvebsac. Cven piradad varT angariSvaldebulni sakuTari keTildReobis winaSe. pedagogika adamianis uflebebis sferoSi saSualebas gvaZlevs, gaviumjobesoT keTildReoba.7. strategiul azrovnebaze orientirebuli principi: kritikuloba da analitikuroba ar aris sakmarisi piroba sazogadoebis transformirebisaTvis. adamianis uflebebis pedagogikam adamianebs unda ubiZgos, daisaxon sakuTari miznebi da mudmivad ifiqron am miznebis misaRwev SemoqmedebiT da strategiul gzebze. adamianis uflebebis realobad gadaqcevisaTvis axali meTodebiT eqsperimentirebaa saWiro. miuxedavad mravali ukiduresad rTuli situaciisa, romlebic Cven Soris saukeTesoebsac ki arTmevs Zalas, adamianis uflebaTa sferoSi ganaTlebam unda daarwmunos xalxi, rom uamravi SesaZlebloba arsebobs. xalxs axali tipis azrovneba sWirdeba imisaTvis, rom es uflebebi gamoiyenos.8. mizansa da qmedebaze orientirebuli principi: adamianis uflebebi praqtikuli varjiSia. igi moiTxovs qmedebis, dafiqrebis, qmedebis, dafiqrebis da a.S. cikls. adamianis uflebebi erT dReSi ki ara, aramed droTa ganmavlobaSi miiRweva. adamianis uflebebis pedagogika unda aswavlides adamianebs, rogor gaxadon sakuTari miznebi ufro konkretuli da miRwevadi. igi aseve saSualebas unda aZlevdes adamianebs, dagegmon da organizeba gauwion Tavis qmedebebs im miznebze dayrdnobiT, romlebic daisaxes. moTmineba, pozitiuri azrovneba da mizanmimarTuleba is faseulobebia, romlebic adamianis uflebaTa pedagogikaSi Zevs.
  • 13. 12Sedegebi da miznebiam modulSi saswavlo programisadmi studentze orientirebuliswavlebis midgomis gamoyeneba (es midgoma sul ufro xSirad gamoiyenebamsoflioSi saswavlo kursebis SemuSavebisas) gulisxmobs swavlis iseTiSedegebis an miznebis gaweras, romlebic fokusirebuli iqneba ara imaze,Tu ra masala unda miawodos maswavlebelma studentebs, aramed imaze,Tu ris gakeTeba unda SeZlon studentebma. aseTi praqtikiT aqcentigadadis maswavleblis mier misawodebeli masalidan moswavleze. esniSnavs processa da kompetenciaze koncentrirebas da ara masalaze. studentze orientirebuli tradiciuli swavlebis swavlebis Sedegebi: ramdenime Sedegebi/miznebi magaliTi am modulis dasrulebisas Tqven saswavlo kursi moicavs: (students) SegeZlebaT: gansazRvroT bavSvTa uflebis gaeros bavSvis uflebaTa ZiriTadi maxasiaTeblebi gaeros konvencias; bavSvis uflebaTa konvenciaSi; kritikulad SeafasoT qcevis saredaqcio saxelmZRvanelo kodeqsebi da saredaqcio principebs da qcevis kodeqsebs. saxelmZRvanelo principebi.wyaro: adaptirebulia: o’nili da mak-mahoni, 2005 w. (O’Neill & McMahon, 2005)swavlis Sedegebimodulis `bavSvis uflebebi da Jurnalisturi praqtika – uflebebzedafuZnebuli midgoma~ dasrulebis Semdeg moswavleebs SeeZlebaT: • gaigon da mokled Camoayalibon bavSvTa uflebebis ZiriTadi maxasiaTeblebi, rogorc es Camoyalibebulia gaeros bavSvis uflebaTa konvenciaSi;
  • 14. bavSvis uflebebi da Jurnalisturi praqtika - uflebebze dafuZnebuli midgoma 13 • uflebebis dacvis kuTxiT waikiTxon, gaaanalizon da kritikulad Seafason, Tu rogor Suqdeba bavSvebTan dakavSirebuli sakiTxebi; • kritikulad Seafason saredaqcio principebis da qcevis kodeqsebis Sesabamisoba da mniSvneloba bavSvebis Sesaxeb axali ambebis gadmocemasTan mimarTebiT; • profesiulad Seafason Jurnalisturi praqtika bavSvis uflebebis dacvis TvalsazrisiT; • gaaSuqon samarTlianad, zustad da bavSvis uflebaTa principebis Sesabamisad.ganaTlebis miznebi bavSvis uflebaTa sferoSibavSvis uflebebis Sesaxeb ganaTleba unda efuZnebodes swavlis sammizans: • codna da unar-Cvevebi – bavSvis uflebebisa da humanuri standartebis Sesaxeb informaciisa da codnis miReba da am codnis gamoyenebisaTvis saWiro unar-Cvevebis SeZena; • faseulobebi, damokidebuleba da qceva – meti TanagrZnobis gamovlena da negatiuri midgomebis Secvla an pozitiuri midgomebisa da qcevis gamyareba bavSvis uflebebTan mimarTebiT; • qmedeba – moqmedeba bavSvTa uflebebis dacvisa da xelSewyobisaTvis profesiuli saqmianobis Sesrulebisas. (adaptirebulia: `iunesko~ 2005)uflebebze dafuZnebuli am modulis fasilitacia da imis xelSewyoba,rom studentebma miaRwion dasaxul miznebs gulisxmobs studentzeorientirebuli swavlis principis, TanamonawileobiTi meTodologiisada uflebebis sferoSi ganaTlebis transformirebadi komponentisgamoyenebas. mosalodnelia Semdegi cvlilebebi:
  • 15. 14 • qcevis cvlileba bavSvebisa da bavSvobis Sesaxeb im mosazrebebis gaTviTcnobierebis gziT, romlebic adre gauTviTcnobierebeli iyo. cvlileba procesia, romelic iwyeba arsebul situaciasTan konfliqtis aRiarebiT da ara `eqspertisgan~ axali ideis gagebiT. es gulisxmobs imis gaTviTcnobierebas, rom arsebuli qceva ar Seesabameba bavSvis uflebebis principebs. • kulturuli cvlileba pirovnuli cvlilebis gziT. pirovnuli cvlileba mxolod qcevaSi cvlilebas ar gulisxmobs, vinaidan igi kulturis konteqstSi Cndeba. igi moiTxovs cvlilebas adamianis urTierTobaSi swored kulturuli cvlilebebis konteqstSi. amas SeiZleba Sedegad bavSvebis Sesaxeb sazogadoebis tradiciul SexedulebebTan winaaRmdegobaSi mosvla mohyves. mniSvnelovania, rom nebismier pirovnul cvlilebas, rogorc bavSvebSi, ise zrdasrulebSi adgilobrivi kultura ganamtkicebdes. • struqturuli cvlileba iseTi meqanizmebisa da saSualebebis Seqmnis gziT, romlebic axdenen bavSvis uflebebis xelSemwyobi personaluri da kulturuli cvlilebebis institucionalizebas. (Yeban, 2002)meTodologiebileqtorebma iseTi strategiebi unda gamoiyenon, romlebic ubiZgebsstudentebs, gaaqtiurdnen codnisa da unar-Cvevebis SeZenaSi. qvemoTmotanil cxrilSi mocemulia studentze orientirebuli swavlebismeTodebis nimuSi da ramdenime idea leqtorebisaTvis, rogorc saleqcio(ufro maswavlebelze orientirebuli), aseve arasaleqcio formatisTvis.Tumca leqtorebma unda izrunon, sadac ki es SesaZlebelia, saleqciosaaTebis Semcirebaze studentze orientirebuli formatebissasargeblod.
  • 16. bavSvis uflebebi da Jurnalisturi praqtika - uflebebze dafuZnebuli midgoma 15studentze orientirebuli swavlebis meTodebis magaliTebi arasaleqcio formati leqcia damoukidebeli proeqtebi sadiskusio jgufebi (mokle diskusiebi orkacian jgufebSi) jgufuri diskusia piramidis/Tovlis gundis efeqti (jgufebad dayofa anbanis/ nomrebis mixedviT da diskusia) Tanakurselebis mier sxva Sereuli jgufebi (studentebis studentebisTvis rCevebis micema Sereva jgufebSi anbanis/nomrebis mixedviT) debatebi mrgvali magida (yvela studenti rigrigobiT laparakobs) savele vizitebi testebi praqtikuli mecadineoba swavlis Sesaxeb mosazrebebis dawera (3/4 wuTi) refleqsiuri dRiurebi, studentebis prezentaciebi saswavlo Jurnalebi klasSi swavla kompiuteris daxmarebiT rolebis gaTamaSeba saswavlo sagnebis/proeqtebis plakatebis prezentacia arCeva sagazeTo statiis dawera studentebi klasSi amzadeben dasaweri samuSaos gegmaswyaro: adaptirebulia: o’nili da mak-mahoni, 2005 w.studentebi unda monawileobdnen da sakuTari wvlili SehqondeTsaklaso muSaobaSi. saswavlo masala studentebs Soris diskusiebisa dadebatebis uzarmazar SesaZleblobas iZleva da mecadineoba seminarebsemsgavseba. leqtorebma saswavlo masala unda gaamdidron magaliTebiTda axali masaliT TavianTi qveynebidan ise, rom studentebma gamoiyenonsatelevizio da radios Jurnalisturi masala, aseve masala imgazeTebidan da Jurnalebidan, romlebsac Tavad kiTxuloben. sasurvelia,studentebma Tavad moiZion masala da moitanon mecadineobaze.
  • 17. 16realur ambebze dayrdnobiT maswavleblebs SeuZliaT moamzadonhipoTeturi istoriebis mokle monaxazi, romlebSic wamoWriliaproblemebi da mosTxovon studentebs, daweron maTze statia.studentebma unda Seqmnan bavSvTa uflebebis wyaroebis monacemTabazac, romlebic klasificirebuli iqneba wyaros saxeebis mixedviT,magaliTad, `samTavrobo wyaroebi~, `saerTaSoriso wyaroebi~, `bavSvisuflebaTa wyaroebi~, anu im CamonaTvalis msgavsad, romlebicmocemulia saswavlo masalaSi. vebgverdebze arsebuli vrceli masala,romelic xelmisawvdomia bavSvis uflebaTa sainformacio qselis(CRIN) da `iunisefis~ vebgverdebze, karg sawyis resursad gamodgeba.bavSvis uflebaTa Sesaxeb swavlebis Sesaferisi meTodologialeqtorebs, romlebic am saswavlo kurss atareben, SeuZliaT SeimuSaonswavlebis iseTi meTodi, romelic aerTianebs studentze orientirebuliswavlebisa da adamianis uflebaTa sferoSi ganaTlebis principebsa damiznebs da Seefereba studentebis instituciur viTarebasa da garemos.qvemoT iseTi meTodis magaliTia moyvanili, romelSic gaZlierebuliastudentze orientirebuli swavlebis principebi da gamoyenebuliaTanamonawileobis meTodi. es meTodi mTel msoflioSi warmatebiTgamoiyeneba rogorc adamianis, aseve bavSvis uflebaTa swavlebaSi.ADIDS meTodiADIDS-is meTods mxars uWers adamianis uflebaTa sferoSi ganaTlebisazia-wynari okeanis regionuli resurs-centri (ARRC HRE), romelic`amnesti interneiSenalisa~ da aziis ganviTarebis kulturuliforumis erToblivi proeqtia. es aris arakomerciuli, arasamTavroboregionuli organizacia, romelic 1922 wels dafuZnda, rogorcadamianis uflebaTa sferoSi ganaTlebis instituti da qseli azia-wynaris okeanis regionSi da atarebs seminarebs adamianis uflebebSi,amzadebs da avrcelebs sainstruqcio da sxva Sesabamis masalebs,atarebs kvlevebs da adamianis uflebaTa sferoSi saganmanaTleblokampaniebs. 1955 wels ARRC-m gamoaqveyna adamianis uflebaTa sferoSi
  • 18. bavSvis uflebebi da Jurnalisturi praqtika - uflebebze dafuZnebuli midgoma 17ganaTlebis paketi, anu adamianis uflebaTa Sesaxeb saganmanaTleblomasalebis kompleqti, romelic moicavda ADIDS-is sabaziso dokuments_ paolo freiris ganaTlebis koncefciis Targmans.ADIDSaqtivobaTiToeuli mecadineoba iwyeba iseTi aqtivobiT, romelmac xeli undaSeuwyos an monawilis im adreuli codnis Tu gamocdilebis gamovlenas,romelic mecadineobis miznebs ukavSirdeba, an monawileTa mierkoncefciebis kargad gagebas. am etapze es aqtivoba saSualebas aZlevsmonawileebs, gakveTilis miznebis Sesabamis gamocdilebaze Seiqmnanan Seicvalon warmodgenebi da gancdebi. es aqtivoba agrZnobinebsmonawileebs, rom isini diskusiis centrSi arian. amosavali wertiliadamianis uflebebis sferoSi maTi gamocdilebaa.diskusiadiskusia mecadineobis saazrovno da dakvirvebis fazaa. kiTxvebma undaubiZgos monawileebs, gaiazron TavianTi is gamocdileba, romelic amaqtivobaSi ganisazRvreba. monawileebi ifiqreben am gamocdilebazeleqciis miznebTan dakavSirebis gziT. sakmaod xSirad sakuTargamocdilebas kritikis gareSe viRebT da mxolod maSin, rodesac masmizanmimarTulad vaanalizebT, vwvdebiT mis arss da gansxvavebulikuTxidan vuyurebT. monawileTa gamocdileba diskusiis obieqtad da`Sinaarsad~ iqceva.studentis samuSao/leqciasamuSaos mizani monawileTa codnis gafarToebaa. fasilitatormaan konsultantma SeiZleba iseTi mosazreba gamoTqvas, romelicdaadasturebs an eWvis qveS daayenebs imas, Tu rogor esmiT monawileebskonkretuli gamocdileba. praqtikuli samuSaos mizania `uflebebis~iseTi perspeqtivis Cveneba, romlidanac xdeba monawileTa gamocdilebisdanaxva. samuSaos Sedegad studentebs saSualeba eZlevaTY daaxarisxonTavianTi codna da sakuTari gamocdileba uflebriv WrilSi ganixilon.
  • 19. 18CaRrmavebaCaRrmaveba saSualebas iZleva, gamomJRavndes da ganxilul iqneskonfliqti an winaaRmdegoba, erTi mxriv, monawileTa SexedulebebsSoris da, meore mxriv, monawileTa Sexedulebebsa da konsultantisSexedulebebs Soris.sinTezisinTezi, Cveulebriv, moicavs specifikur aqtivobebs, romlebic exmarebamonawileebs, Seajamon is mixvedrebi, romlebic mecadineobis aqtivobissegmentidan CaRrmavebis segmentamde gamarTuli diskusiidan miiReba.igi aseve daexmareba fasilitators, gansazRvros, ramdenad miiRwevaleqciis miznebi da Seitanos saWiro cvlilebebi Semdegi leqciisaTvis.(ARRC, 1995)qvemoT cxrilis saxiT aris mocemuli am modulis 1-li nawilis 1-liTavis ADIDS-is meTodiT swavlebis nimuSi. ADIDS-is ganxorcieleba fasilitatoris meTodologia SeniSvnebiaqtivoba moitaneT/gaakeTeT aqtivoba da diskusiaan kolaJi Jurnalis/ gansazRvravs,diskusia gazeTis statiebisa, Tu rogor esmiT romlebic adamianis monawileebs mTavari uflebebs exeba. Sesaswavli sakiTxebi da ra codnas isaubreT mediaSi flobdnen isini bolo dros am sakiTxebze: ra gaSuqebuli adamianis aris adamianis uflebaTa istoriebis uflebebi? adamianis Sesaxeb. uflebaTa sayovelTao deklaracia, adamianis uflebaTa dacva.
  • 20. bavSvis uflebebi da Jurnalisturi praqtika - uflebebze dafuZnebuli midgoma 19 ADIDS-is ganxorcieleba fasilitatoris meTodologia SeniSvnebistudentis samuSao/ adamianis samuSao efuZnebaleqcia uflebaTa dacvis im codnas, rac ra saerTaSoriso monawileebs ukve standartebi arsebobs? aqvT. fasilitatori ris Sesaxebaa adamianis ubralod amatebs uflebaTa sayovelTao imas, rac aqtivobas/ deklaracia? diskusias aklia. rogor viTardeba adamianis uflebaTa standartebi? ra fundamenturi principebi udevs safuZvlad adamianis uflebebis standartebs? romeli konkretuli uflebebia adamianis uflebaTa sayovelTao deklaraciaSi? adamianis uflebaTa ra darRvevebi arsebobs? romelma qveynebma daarRvies an ar daarRvies adamianis uflebebi?CaRrmaveba sayovelTaoa Tu CaRrmaveba xels SefardebiTi adamianis uwyobs adamianis uflebebi romelime uflebebis Sesaxeb kulturasTan sakamaTo sakiTxebze Tu situaciasTan diskusiis dawyebas. mimarTebaSi? es aris azrovnebis arsebobs Tu ara maprovocirebeli raime konkretuli kiTxvebi, romlebic erovnuli Sexeduleba monawileebs adamianis uflebebis daafiqrebs zogierT Sesaxeb? ras niSnavs maT gaazrebul adamianis uflebebi an gauazrebel JurnalistikisTvis? mosazrebaze.
  • 21. 20 ADIDS-is ganxorcieleba fasilitatoris meTodologia SeniSvnebisinTezi ilustracia an sinTezi ajamebs scenari, romelSic mecadineobaze studentebs sakuTari miRweul mixvedrebs codnis gamoyeneba da exmareba SeuZliaT. fasilitators, gansazRvros, miRweuli iqna Tu ara saswavlo miznebi.swavlis Sereuli meTodikompiuteriT swavla, rogorc studentze orientirebuli swavlebismeTodi, meTodologiebis nawilSi iyo rekomendebuli, xolokompiuteriT Sefaseba dasaxelebulia Sefasebis erT-erT meTodad.Sereuli swavla ubralod terminia iseTi swavlisa da swavlebismidgomebis aRsaniSnavad, romlebic onlain aqtivobebisa da pirispiraqtivobebis kombinacias warmoadgens.VLE (Virtual Learning Environement - virtualuri saswavlo garemo) arisswavlis virtualuri garemo, romelic xels uwyobs Sereul swavlas.Sereuli swavlis magaliTebi: • kursis komponentebis Serevaswavlis es kursi Sedgeba pirispir mecadineobebisa da onlainaqtivobebisagan. TiToeuli komponentis wili mniSvnelovnad icvlebakursidan kursamde. aseTi formiT Sereul kursSi calkeuli aqtivobebian mTlianad pirispir mecadineobebia, an onlain aqtivobebi. amrigad,SeiZleba jer iyos leqcia, mere onlain diskusia, romelsac mohyvebapraqtikuli mecadineoba da Semdeg onlain masalis gamoyeneba.
  • 22. bavSvis uflebebi da Jurnalisturi praqtika - uflebebze dafuZnebuli midgoma 21 • fizikuri da virtualuri komponentebis Sereva (adgilmdebareobis Sereva)Cveulebriv miCneulia, rom onlain aqtivoba gamiznulia kampusisgareT, saxlSi, individualuri gamoyenebisaTvis. Tumca onlainaqtivobebi zogjer saklaso mecadineobis dros, maswavleblisTandaswrebiT gamoiyeneba. zogierT onlain aqtivobas studentTajgufi atarebs kampusis saswavlo teritoriaze (`samecadinosivrce~). amrigad, saganmanaTleblo aqtivoba SeiZleba warmoadgendespirispir komunikaciis da diskusiis da masalis onlain gamoyenebis,informirebis da komunikaciis kombinacias. swavlis procesi Tavad arisSereuli. masSi SeiZleba moxdes rogorc fizikuri, aseve virtualuriadgilmdebareobis Sereva.  resursebis Serevaeleqtronuli swavla sxvadasxva wyarodan resursebis TavmoyrissaSualebas iZleva. SesaZlebeli xdeba gare resursebisa daadgilze, maswavleblis mier Seqmnili resursebis gaerTianeba;kursis maswavleblebs SeuZliaT imuSaon gundebad da swavlisteqnologiebis gamoyenebis gziT advilad gauziaron erTmaneTsresursebi. studentebic erTmaneTs iyeneben, rogorc resursebs,rodesac erTmaneTs daxmarebisTvis mimarTaven; es, rasakvirvelia,pirispir meTodiTac xdeba da onlain meTodiTac; ZiriTadad orivemeTodi gamoiyeneba.  studentebisaTvis davalebebis Sesrulebis dros xelmisawvdomi masStaburi da mravalferovani saswavlo resursebi warmoadgens cifruli, fizikuri da adamianuri resursebis naerTs, romelsac isini iyeneben pirispir da onlain meTodebis an orives kombinaciis gziT.virtualuri saswavlo garemo ewodeba eleqtronuli swavlisinstrumentebisa da programebis mTel nakrebs, romelic xelmisawvdomiapersonalisa da studentebisaTvis.
  • 23. 22virtualuri saswavlo garemos saswavlo programebia, magaliTad:blekbordi (Blackboard)ueb-si-Ti (WebCT)keSCenmarki (Questionmark)kontent ripozitoriz (Content Repositories)studentze orientirebuli virtualuri saswavlo garemodReisaTvis eleqtronuli swavlis paketebis umetesoba ufro personalzeorientirebul meTodzea gaTvlilia. marTlac, popularuli programulipaketebi (Blackboard da WebCT), maTi operirebis TvalsazrisiT, Zalzefokusirebulia personalze. yvelaferi organizebulia kursebismixedviT da saWiroebs maswavleblis daxmarebas. studentebs Zalzemcire gasaqani eZlevaT imisaTvis, rom sakuTari iniciativiT imuSaonkursis farglebSi da damoukideblad, maswavleblis daxmarebis gareSe,wamoiwyon diskusiebi an ganaTavson masalebi.studentebis saWiroebebiaris Tu ara iseT SemTxvevebSi, rodesac studentTa jgufs, romelsacsurs, gamoiyenos blekbordi an ueb-si-Ti, magram maswavlebels maTTvisjer kursisTvis saWiro sivrce ar Seuqmnia, raime SesaZleblobauniversitetSi, rom (a) mosmenili iqnes studentebis mosazrebebi? (b)dakmayofilebuli iqnes maTi saWiroebebi? ra saoperacio funqciasiTxoven Tavad studentebi?swavlis onlain wilis zrdasTan erTad studentebma SeiZlebamoisurvon kampusSi da kampusis gareT sakuTari drois ukeT organizebadrois ufro did `monakveTebad~. gangeb xom ar xdeba universitetebSiganrigis ise SemuSaveba, rom kampusSi samecadino dReebi rac SeiZlebacota gamovides? aqtiur swavlasa da jgufur muSaobaSi eleqtronuliswavlis meTodis gamoyenebis procesi sainteresod viTardeba. rasfiqroben studentebi swavlis aseT meTodze? ra saxis saganmanaTleblomidgomebi iqneboda maTTvis sasurveli?
  • 24. bavSvis uflebebi da Jurnalisturi praqtika - uflebebze dafuZnebuli midgoma 23ra tipis daxmareba dasWirdeboda students saxlidan wvdomis, akademiurida teqnikuri sakiTxebis garkvevis, usadeno qselis xelmisawvdomobis,saswavlo sivrcis dizainis TvalsazrisiT? ra moxdeba, studentmavirtualuri saswavlo garemos farglebSi rom moisurvos sakuTariinciativiT, anu maswavleblis daxmarebis gareSe, onlain saswavlojgufis Seqmna virtualuri konferenciis an resursebis gaziarebismizniT? ra moxdeba, studentma rom ipovos saintereso onlain resursebida Tavad ganaTavsos bmulebi da/an masalebi kursis romelime sivrceSian veb-sivrceSi? studentze orientirebuli am tipis instrumentebiadvili xelmisawvdomi ar aris kursis marTvis tradiciul sistemebSi.risi uzrunvelyofa iqneboda SesaZlebeli? da isev, ras isurvebdnenTavad studentebi?gzebi, romelTa meSveobiTac leqtorebi SeZleben am modulSi Sereuliswavlebis midgomebis gamoyenebas:1.2.3.Sereuli swavlebis midgomebis gamoyenebis sargebeli:SefasebaSefaseba Zalze mniSvnelovania, vinaidan igi aCvenebs leqtors, romstudentebma gaiTavises koncefciebi da, SeuZliaT, profesiuladSeasrulon Jurnalistis saqmianoba. mniSvnelovania is, rom SefasebiTmowmdeba saswavlo programis yvela aspeqti da fasdeba swavlis is 5(xuTi) Sedegi, romlebic mTeli modulisTvis ganisazRvra.leqtorebs SeuZliaT, SearCion Sefasebis forma imisda mixedviT,Tu ramdenad warmatebulni arian studentebi, anda ras arian isinimiCveulebi. Cven ar girCevT mxolod tradiciuli gamocdebiTSemofargvlas, vinaidan aseTi formiT ver xerxdeba im aspeqtebis srulad
  • 25. 24Semowmeba, romelTa ganxilvasac saswavlo programa iTvaliswinebs.Sefasebis tradiciul praqtikasTan dakavSirebuli sirTule is aris,rom, magaliTad, niSnebs an qulebs zedmeti mniSvneloba eniWeba, xolorCevis micemas da swavlis funqcias _ naklebi, xdeba moswavleebiserTmaneTTan Sedareba, riTac maxvili ufro konkurenciaze keTdeba,vidre personalur gaumjobesebaze.yvelaze kargia, leqtorebma studentebis Sesamowmeblad gamoiyenon,rogorc Semajamebeli, aseve formirebadi Sefasebebi. SemajamebeliSefaseba gamoyenebuli unda iqnes kompetenturobis gansasazRvradda studentisTvis modulSi niSnis dasawerad. formirebadiSefaseba gamoyenebuli unda iqnes imisaTvis, rom studentma miiRosrekomendaciebi swavlis Sesaxeb. am SefasebiT students eZleva rCevaimasTan dakavSirebiT, Tu rogor SeinarCunos da gaaumjobesos sakuTariwinsvla, magram igi gavlenas ar axdens studentis SemajamebeliSefasebis niSansa Tu qulaze.saswavlo kursSi meti formirebadi Sefasebis gamoyenebiT moaxdenTstudentebze fokusirebas, vinaidan gamoavlenT maT swavlaSinaklovanebebsa da im aspeqtebs, romelTa gamosworebac SeuZliaT.formirebadi Sefasebis magaliTebSi Sedis komentarebi eseebze,werilobiTi SeniSvnebi Sesrulebul davalebebze, wlis ganmavlobaSiiseTi niSnebis dawera, romlebic ar imoqmedebs wlis bolosdaweril niSanze, da mravalvariantiani kiTxvebi/pasuxebi mxolodrekomendaciebis misaRebad. sxva formirebadi Sefasebebis damatebaaZlierebs studentze orientirebul midgomas.Semajamebeli Sefasebis yvelaze mniSvnelovani principi aris is, romman unda gansazRvros, miaRwia Tu ara da ramdenad miaRwia studentmaam modulisaTvis gansazRvrul saswavlo Sedegs, ris safuZvelzecdaiwereba niSani an qula, romelic imoqmedebs studentis Semdgomswavlaze, swavlis Sedegze an oriveze. imas, Tu ras swavlobs studenti,ra Zalisxmevas iyenebs amisaTvis da ra xasiaTi aqvs studentis swavlas,xSirad im Semajamebeli Sefasebis masStabi da forma ganapirobebs,romlis miRebasac isini moelian. magram formirebadi SefasebaumniSvnelovanesia swavlis procesisaTvis da idealur SemTxvevaSi
  • 26. bavSvis uflebebi da Jurnalisturi praqtika - uflebebze dafuZnebuli midgoma 25saswavlo kursi ise unda iqnes Sedgenili, rom maqsimalurad gaizardosformirebadi SeniSvnebis raodenoba, romlebsac studentebi miiRebenTavianTi samuSaos Sesaxeb.Semajamebeli SefasebaqvemoT motanilia Semajamebeli Sefasebebis ramdenime magaliTi,romlebic leqtorebs SeuZliaT ucvlelad an saxecvlili formiTgamoiyenon. Semajamebeli Sefasebis es magaliTi rekomendebulia ammodulisaTvis:studentebi warmoadgenen bavSvTa uflebebisa da keTildReobiszogierTi aspeqtis Sesaxeb 1000-sityvian statias. statia unda iyosoriginaluri da Sesrulebuli maRalprofesiul doneze ise, rom misigamoqveyneba SeiZlebodes. studentebi aseve warmoadgenen Jurnals,romelSic aRwerili iqneba kvlevisa da statiis weris procesi.sadac SesaZlebelia, studentebi radiosTvis axali ambebis paketsmoamzadeben.magaliTad, studentebma mediaorganizaciis gamoSvebis redaqtorsSeiZleba gamosaqveyneblad an translirebisaTvis SesTavazon statiisan paketis momzadeba. studentebma unda moamzadon yovelkvireuliJurnalic, romelSic detalurad iqneba aRwerili procesi,wamoWrili sakiTxebi, maT Soris bavSvis uflebebTan dakavSirebulisakiTxebisadmi interesi Tu uinteresoba. realurad am tipis SefasebaSeiZleba gamoyenebuli iqnes iq, sadac didi mediabazaria. amis erT-erTi alternatiuli variantia studentis mier namuSevris wardgenaredaqtorisaTvis, romelic sakuTar mosazrebebs gamoTqvams amnamuSevarze, Tumca ar iqneba valdebuli, gamoaqveynos igi. studentsniSani ewereba JurnalSi aRwerili sakiTxebis, publikaciis dagamoqveynebul naSromSi wamoWrili sakiTxebis safuZvelze.
  • 27. 26formirebadi SefasebaqvemoT motanilia formirebadi Sefasebis ramdenime magaliTi, romlebicleqtorebs SeuZliaT gamoiyenon ucvlelad an saxecvlili formiT,rogorc Tavad CaTvlian saWirod:yoveli mecadineobis dasrulebisas studentebs eZlevaT davalebaSemdegi mecadineobisTvis. es niSnavs, rom studentebi Semowmdebiankonkretuli nawilis yvela aspeqtSi. davalebis moculoba SeiZlebamonacvleobdes mokle axali ambis momzadebidan da konkretulsakiTxze bavSvebis SerCeviTi gamokiTxvidan (voqs-popi) mravalpasuxiantestebamde. mniSvnelovania, rom davalebis sirTulis done studentebisdones Seesabamebodes, Tumca davaleba Zalian Zneli an detaluri arunda iyos, raTa studentebs ar gauWirdeT am davalebisaTvis gamoyofildroSi Cateva. es saklaso davalebebi SeiZleba gamoyenebuli iqnesrogorc formirebadi Sefasebebi da yovel maTganze niSnis dawera ar arisaucilebeli. isini qmnis mdidar bazas momavali mecadineobebisaTvis damTavari sadiskusio sakiTxebis gansazRvraSi da maT Semdgom gavrcobaSigvexmareba. formirebadi Sefasebis nebismieri qvemoT mocemuli formaSeiZleba gamoyenebul iqnes davalebis xasiaTis mixedviT: • Tanakurselis Sefaseba • TviTSefaseba • Sefaseba kompiuteris meSveobiT • saswavlo kontraqtebi / SeTanxmebuli kontraqtebiTanakurselis Sefaseba / TviTSefasebaTanakurselis Sefaseba da TviTSefaseba kontrolsa da pasuxismgeblobasubrunebs students, xazs usvams ra studentSi avtonomiurobisgazrdil grZnobas. TviTSefaseba mniSvnelovani aqtivobaa, romelicexmareba students, sakuTar swavlaze aiRos pasuxismgebloba.
  • 28. bavSvis uflebebi da Jurnalisturi praqtika - uflebebze dafuZnebuli midgoma 27Tanakurselis SefasebaTanakurselis Sefaseba niSnavs sxva, Tanabari statusisa dauflebamosilebis mqone adamianis samuSaos Sefasebas. TanakurselisSefasebam sargebloba orive mxares unda moutanos – Sesafasebelsacda Semfasebelsac. konstruqciuli SeniSvnebis micemis unari Zalzefaseuli unaria. am unaris SesaZenad studenti Seiswavlis niSnis/qulis daweris sqemebs an Sefasebis kriteriumebs, imas, Tu rogoraagos winadadeba, romelSic efeqtianad iqneba SeniSvnebi gamoxatulida rogor daicvas sakuTari komentarebi. kritikuli gaazreba,romelic umniSvnelovanesia SeniSvnebis gamoTqmisTvis, Zalze faseuliakademiuri unaria. studentebi iswavlian diplomatiasac, rogor miiRonda moaxdinon reagireba konstruqciul kritikaze, SeiZenen, aseve,mkafio da kritriumebze dafuZnebuli Sefasebebis gakeTebis unar-Cvevebs.Tanakurselis Sefaseba gaaRrmavebs studentis saswavlo gamocdilebas,radgan studentebi bevr rames gaigeben sakuTar naSromze sxva studentebismier Sesrulebuli msgavsi davalebebis Sefasebis gziT.TviTSefasebaTviTSefasebis dros studentebi sakuTar namuSevars amowmeben, xelaxlaubrundebian davalebebis monaxazebs da teqstebs da uRrmavdebian daiazreben TavianT warsul praqtikas. yuradRebis miqcevaa saWiro, romstudentebma iswavlon imis Sefaseba, rac faqtobrivad aris miRweuli daara imisa, Tu ra iyo nagulisxmevi. TviTSefasebis koncefcia sakuTarinaSromis Sefasebis unaris garda TviTanalizis da kritikuli gaazrebisunar-Cvevebsac aviTarebs.Sefaseba kompiuteris meSveobiTkompiuteriT Sefaseba swrafi da qmediTi gzaa, romlis meSveobiTacstudenti maleve Rebulobs gamoxmaurebas sakuTar naSromze, xolomaswavlebeli zogavs niSnis dasawerad saWiro dros. kompiuteriTSefaseba tipuri formirebadi Sefasebaa, vinaidan igi exmareba students,daadginos, miaRwia Tu ara maswavleblis mier dasaxul mizans.
  • 29. 28saswavlo kontraqtebi/SeTanxmebuli kontraqtebies kontraqtebi gansazRvravs im miznebs, romlebsac studentebiTavianTi saganmanaTleblo saWiroebebis mixedviT saxaven da aTanxmebenleqtorebTan. aseT kontraqtSi SeiZleba ganisazRvros Sefasebis isformac, romliTac students surs, rom misi codna Semowmdes imisdasadgenad, miRweul iqna Tu ara dasaxuli miznebi. es iZleva arCevanissaSualebas, ra sagani iswavlos studentma da aseve arCevanisa, Tu raformiT Sefasdes misi codna. arCevani studentze orientirebuliswavlis strategiis erT-erTi mTavari pirobaa.swavlis SeTanxmebis koncefciac leqtorsa da students SorisurTierTobis mniSvnelovani cvlilebis maCvenebelia. rogor vaniWebT,sinamdvileSi, students garkveul avtonomias da gadawyvetilebismiRebis saSualebas iseT sferoSi, rogoric Sefasebaa? qvemoT motanilcxrilSi mocemulia mosazrebebi, Tu rogor SeiZleba leqtorma CarTosstudenti Sefasebis procesSi. studentebis CarTva davalebebis • Sesafasebeli davalebis arCeva gansazRvris etapze • Sesafasebeli davalebis gansazRvra • msjeloba Sefasebis kriteriumebis Sesaxeb • Sefasebis kriteriumebis gansazRvra studentebis CarTva davalebebis • TviTSefasebiTi SeniSvnebis Sesrulebis Semdgom etapze gamoTqma • TanakurselTa mier Sefasebis SeniSvnebis gamoTqma • TviTSefasebiTi niSnebis/ qulebis SemoTavazeba • TviTSefasebiT niSnebze/ qulebze SeTanxmeba • TviTSefasebiTi niSnebis/ qulebis miniWeba • TanakurselTa mier Sefasebis niSnebis an qulebis miniWebawyaro: adaptirebulia: o’nili da mak-mahoni, 2005 w.
  • 30. bavSvis uflebebi da Jurnalisturi praqtika - uflebebze dafuZnebuli midgoma 29komentirebaformirebadi (da, aseve, Semajamebeli) Sefasebis yvelazemniSvnelovani komponentia komentarebi studentebis, Tanakurselebisan fasilitatoris mxridan. xarisxiani, srulyofili, droulikomentarebi Zalian mniSvnelovani faqtoria studentis swavlisprocesis warmarTvisTvis. Sefaseba studentebs unda uzrunvelyofdeskomentarebiT swavlis dasaxuli miznebisaken maTi winsvlis Sesaxeb.komentarebiT studentebi SeZleben gaiazron, ra gaakeTes kargad, raunda gamoasworon da ramdenad samarTliani iyo Semajamebeli SefasebiTdasmuli niSani/qula.imisaTvis, rom Tqvenma _ rogorc fasilitatoris _ komentarebmamaqsimaluri zegavlena iqonios studentis swavlis procesze, eskomentarebi drouli unda iyos. naadrevma komentarebma SeiZlebastudentis gaazrebis procesi Seaferxos. Tumca ufro xSiradkomentarebi dagvianebiT keTdeba, rodesac studentisaTvis maTarsebiTi mniSvneloba aRara aqvs. komentireba ar unda gadaidos wlis/semestris bolosTvis, vinaidan naklebad savaraudoa, rom aman raimesargebloba moutanos students mas Semdeg, rac davaleba dasrulebulieqneba da axali davalebis Sesruleba eqneba dawyebuli.droul da arsebiT komentirebas bevri sargeblobis motana SeuZliaswavlis Sedegebis TvalsazrisiT. magaliTad, aseTi komentireba: • gaaCens ndobas studentebSi; • motivacias gauCens studentebs, gaaumjobeson swavlis procesi; • miawvdis studentebs informacias swavlis procesis gaumjobesebis Sesaxeb; • gamoasworebs Secdomebs, gansazRvravs Zlier da sust mxareebs.komentarebis meti efeqtianobaTqveni, rogorc maswavleblis, komentarebis xarisxis gaumjobesebismravali gza arsebobs, raTa isini studentisaTvis meti Sedegis momtaniiyos. martivi rameebi, magaliTad, kargi namuSevris plusiT (an sxva
  • 31. 30grafikuli niSniT) aRniSvnis nacvlad iseTi mokle sityvebis Cawera,rogoricaa `kargia~ an `sworia~, gazrdis studentebis motivacias.komentarebi konkretuli unda iyos – nu ityviT mxolod, rom `kargia~,ganumarteT, ratom aris kargi, ra TvalsazrisiT. komentarebi aseveunda iyos konstruqciuli, wamaxalisebeli, gulaxdili, xelSemwyobi,rac SeiZleba xSirad unda keTdebodes da arsebiTi xasiaTi undahqondes. konstruqciuli komentarebi students unda miuTiTebdes: • Sefasebuli samuSaos romeli aspeqtebia kargi da ratom; • Sefasebuli samuSaos romeli aspeqtebia naklebad kargi da ratom; • rogor SeiZleba, rom studentma gaaumjobesos es konkretuli samuSao; • rogor SeiZleba, rom studentma ukeT imuSaos momavalSi.komentarebis meti qmediTobakomentarebma SeiZleba didi dro waiRos, magram arsebobs maTiqmediTobis gazrdis gzebi. • gaiTvaliswineT im komentarebis xasiaTi, romlebic studentebs TiToeuli samuSaos koncefciebis gasagebad da unar-Cvevebis gansaviTareblad sWirdeba. ramdenad detaluri unda iyos komentarebi? individualuri unda iyos Tu jgufuri? zepiri formiT unda iyos Tu werilobiTi? • gamoiyeneT uordis failSi dokumentis Sesworebis da redaqtirebis funqcia, raTa ufro swrafad uzrunvelyoT studentebi komentarebiTa da SeniSvnebiT maT eseebsa da reportaJebze. • gamoiyeneT an SeqmeniT komentirebis standartuli formebi. • CawereT audiofirze komentarebi studentebisTvis. • moifiqreT ufro detaluri xerxebi imis gamosavlenad, Tu ra logika udevs namuSevars, ra aris is koncefciebi da principebi, romlebic SeiZleba arasworad iqnes gagebuli da winaswar daadgineT, studentebis ra Secdomebi SeiZleba mohyves maT aseTi gaugebrobis Sedegad.
  • 32. bavSvis uflebebi da Jurnalisturi praqtika - uflebebze dafuZnebuli midgoma 31modulis struqturamodulis struqtura`bavSvis uflebebi da Jurnalisturi praqtika – uflebebzedafuZnebuli midgoma~ ori nawilisgan Sedgeba: pirveli nawilia `bavSisuflebebis gacnoba~, xolo meore _ `bavSvis uflebebi da profesiuliJurnalisturi praqtika~. pirvel nawilSi mocemulia mTavarisaxelmZRvanelo principebi, romlebic studentebs koncefciis Sefasebisda gagebis saSualebas aZlevs. meore nawilSi es principebi praqtikulmagaliTebsa da profesiul konteqstSi gamoiyeneba. studentebmamoduli srulad unda gaiaron, Tumca organizaciuli miznebisaTvisSesaZlebelia TiToeuli nawilis damoukideblad swavleba.miznebi da amocanebiam modulis mizania, rom staJiorma Jurnalistebma an Jurnalistikisfakultetis studentma gaigon bavSvis uflebebi ise, rogorc isinigaero-s bavSvis uflebaTa konvenciaSia gansazRvruli da ganiviTaronaxali ambebis pasuxismgeblobiT gaSuqebis unari, romelic gulisxmobsbavSvis uflebebis dacvas da pativiscemas yvela im sakiTxSi, romlebicmediaSi bavSvebis monawileobas da gaSuqebas exeba.swavlis Sedegebiam modulis dasrulebis Semdeg students SeeZleba: 1. gaigos da gansazRvros bavSvis uflebaTa ZiriTadi aspeqtebi ise, rogorc es gaeros bavSvis uflebaTa konvenciaSia gansazRvruli; 2. waikiTxos, gaaanalizos da kritikulad Seafasos bavSvebTan dakavSirebuli sakiTxebis gaSuqeba uflebebis dacvis kuTxiT; 3. kritikulad Seafasos, Tu ramdenad Sesaferisi da mniSvnelovania saredaqcio principebi da qcevis kodeqsebi bavSvebis Sesaxeb axali ambebis gavrcelebis praqtikasTan mimarTebiT;
  • 33. 32 4. profesiulad Seafasos Jurnalisturi praqtika bavSvis uflebebis dacvis kuTxiT; 5. gaaSuqos samarTlianad, zustad da bavSvis uflebebis principebTan Sesabamisad.modulis struqtura – sakontaqto saaTebi da individualurimecadineobamoduli warmoadgens erT 10 ECTS-ian (kreditebis gadatanis dadagrovebis evropuli sistema) moduls da mTlianobaSi iTvaliswinebs200-saaTian individualur mecadineobas studentis mxridan.SesaZlebelia TiToeuli nawilis, rogorc ori 5 ECTS-iani nawilis,damoukideblad gavla.modulisTvis rekomendebuli sakontaqto saaTebi: 60 saaTidamoukidebeli muSaobisaTvis saWiro iqneba, savaraudod, 140 saaTi.modulis swavlisTvis saWiro saaTebi: 200 saaTi
  • 34. bavSvis uflebebi da Jurnalisturi praqtika - uflebebze dafuZnebuli midgoma 33calkeul TavebTan dakavSirebuli SeniSvnebimaswavleblebisaTvisnawili 1: bavSvis uflebaTa gacnoba1. adamianis uflebaTa cnebis warmodgenaam TavSi Sesaswavli ZiriTadi sakiTxebia:  ras warmoadgens adamianis uflebebi?  adamianis uflebaTa sayovelTao deklaracia  adamianis uflebaTa dacvarekomendebuli sadiskusio Tema: imsjeleT adamianis uflebaTakoncefciaze Tanamedroveobidan SerCeuli Temis konteqstSi.am davalebis mizania studentebsa da leqtors Soris diskusiis dawyebazogadad adamianis uflebebis Sesaxeb. Temis SerCeva SeuZlia leqtors anTavad studentebs. zogadi Tema diskusiis dasawyebadaa saWiro, Semdegki mecadineobaze imsjeleT zogierT im sakiTxze, romlebsac es nawilimoicavs, magaliTad, uflebebis ganuyofeli da urTierTdamokidebulibunebis koncefciasa da arsze. kerZod, diskusiaSi SeiZleba ganxiluliqnes adamianis uflebebis gavlenis da Jurnalisturi praqtikisTvismaTi mniSvnelobis sakiTxi.2. bavSvis uflebebiam TavSi Sesaswavli ZiriTadi Temebia:  ratom aris aucilebeli bavSvis uflebebis gamoyofa?  gaeros bavSvis uflebaTa konvencia;  bavSvis uflebaTa komiteti.rekomendebuli sadiskusio Tema: gaeros bavSvis uflebaTakomitetisaTvis Tqveni qveynis mier wardgenili erovnuliangariSebi, komitetis mier am angariSebis ganxilva, msjeloba bavSvis
  • 35. 34uflebaTa konvenciis ganxorcielebaze Tqvens qveyanaSi, arsebulimonitoringis meqanizmebisa da maTi gavlenis Sesaxeb.gaeros bavSvis uflebaTa konvenciis ratificirebis Semdeg TiToeulqveyanas moeTxoveba gaeros bavSvis uflebaTa komitetisaTviserovnuli angariSis regularulad wardgena. aseT angariSs xSiradTan axlavs arasamTavrobo seqtoris mier momzadebuli alternatiuli(e.w. `Crdilovani~) angariSi. studentebisaTvis sasargeblo iqneba amangariSebis ganxilva da naxva, Tu romel sakiTxebs miiCnevs mTavrobaseriozul sakiTxebad da rogor aris es sakiTxebi asaxuli arasamTavroboseqtoris angariSSi. garda amisa, bavSvis uflebaTa komiteti amzadebsdaskvniT mosazrebebs qveynis angariSze, sadac mocemulia arsebulimdgomareobis gasaumjobesebeli qmedebebi. rogorc erovnuliangariSebi, aseve komitetis daskvniTi mosazrebebi SeiZleba Zalzesasargeblo aRmoCndes imisaTvis, rom studentebma zustad gaigon, rasniSnavs bavSvis uflebebi. studentebs SeiZleba sTxovoT, gaixsenonsakuTari bavSvobis gamocdileba da imsjelon, ra gavlena SeiZlebamoexdina amas maT Sexedulebebze bavSvis uflebebis Sesaxeb.3. bavSvis uflebebi da mediaam TavSi Sesaswavli ZiriTadi Temebia:  mediis gavlena axalgazrdebze;  bavSvebis gaSuqeba mediaSi;  bavSvebis monawileoba mediaSi.rekomendebuli sadiskusio Tema: SearCieT mediaSi arsebuli masala,romelic bavSvebs exeba, da ganixileT igi bavSvis uflebebiskonteqstSi.am Tavis mizania, daafiqros studentebi bavSvTa uflebebis zegavlenaze,aseve imaze, Tu rogor SeiZleba isini `gamovlindes~ realobaSi.diskusiis dros wamoWril sakiTxebze msjelobisas kargi iqneba, TuganixilavT sazogadoebaSi arsebul balanss bavSvebis, mSoblebisada zrdasruli adamianebis uflebebs Soris. diskusiis gagrZeleba
  • 36. bavSvis uflebebi da Jurnalisturi praqtika - uflebebze dafuZnebuli midgoma 35SeiZleba imis ganxilviT, Tu rogor xdeba bavSvebis monawileobisgazrda iseT sferoebSi, romlebic maT exeba. aseTi sferoebi SeiZlebaiyos ganaTleba, mzrunveloba dRis ganmavlobaSi, TamaSi da dasveneba.kvlevam aCvena, rom ufrosebi bavSvebs xSirad ubralod formaluradaZleven SesaZleblobas, gaazrebulad miiRon monawileoba dagaiTvaliswinon am monawileobis Sedegi da ara realurad. saukeTesopraqtikidan ramdenime magaliTis ganxilviT studentebi SeZleben,gaiRrmavon warmodgena bavSvebis Sesaxeb politikis, praqtikisa dakvlevisadmi uflebebze dafuZnebuli midgomis Sesaxeb.4. winaaRmdegobebi bavSvTa uflebebis ganxorcielebis gzazeam TavSi Sesaswavli ZiriTadi Temebia:  adamianis uflebebis dacva;  bavSvTa uflebebis mxardaWera;  problemebi bavSvTa uflebebis ganxorcielebasTan dakavSirebiT;rekomendebuli Tema diskusiisa da Semdgomi kvlevisaTvis: daadgineTTqvens qveyanaSi moqmedi bavSvTa uflebebis damcveli jgufebi.emyarebian Tu ara es jgufebi uflebebs? iTvaliswineben Tu arabavSvebis mosazrebebs TavianT saqmianobaSi?dRemde Catarebuli diskusiebidan da mecadineobebidan gamomdinare,programis am etapisaTvis studentebs ukve sakmaod naTeli warmodgenaunda hqondeT imis Taobaze, Tu ras niSnavs an SeiZleba realuradniSnavdes `uflebebze dafuZnebuli~ midgoma. uflebebis damcvelisaagentoebis [erovnuli da saerTaSoriso] da bavSvebze pasuxismgebelisamTavrobo departamentebis mimoxilvisas sasargeblo iqneba uflebebisenasa da uflebebis ritorikaze msjeloba. studentebs am etapze undaSeeZloT TavianT qveyanaSi uflebebis realizebaSi arsebuli barierebis(Tu aseTebi arsebobs) ganixilva.
  • 37. 365. mediis mier bavSvebis asaxva, bavSvis uflebebi da profesiulipasuxismgeblobaam TavSi Sesaswavli ZiriTadi Temebia:  mediaSi bavSvebis asaxva;  mediis mier stereotipebis Seqmna;  bavSvis uflebaTa darRveva;  bavSvis dacva.rekomendebuli Tema diskusiisa da Semdgomi kvlevisaTvis: mimoixileTbavSvis uflebaTa sainformacio qselis (CRIN) eTikuri saxelmZRvaneloprincipebi da gansazRvreT ramdenime ZiriTadi principis mniSvnelobaTqveni praqtikisaTvis. rogor SeiZleba _ Tuki saerTod es SesaZlebelia_ gavlena moaxdinos am principebma arsebul praqtikaze?es moduli exeba bavSvebis uflebebis dacvas Jurnalistur praqtikaSi.mTavari gamowveva aq studentebis azrovnebis fokusis gadatanaa bavSvTadacvis sakiTxidan bavSvis _ rogorc aqtiuri moqalaqis _ da misiuflebebis dacvis sakiTxze. es Tavi exmareba studentebs, Tavi daaRwionbavSvebisadmi zedapirul midgomas, damkvidrebul stereotipebs –kargi/cudi; angelozebi/eSmakebi da a.S. – da ganixilon stereotipebisCamoyalibebis rogorc umniSvnelo, ise seriozuli formebi da isriskebi, romlebsac isini Seicavs da romlebiTac ilaxeba bavSvisuflebebi.6. informaciis gavrcelebis saukeTeso praqtika bavSvebis TvalsazrisiTam TavSi Sesaswavli ZiriTadi Temebia:  `msoflio bavSvebisaTvis~;  erovnuli samoqmedo gegmebi bavSvebisaTvis;  bavSvebis monawileoba;  saukeTeso praqtikis principebi;  bavSvTa Tvalsazrisis gageba: magaliTebi.
  • 38. bavSvis uflebebi da Jurnalisturi praqtika - uflebebze dafuZnebuli midgoma 37rekomendebuli Tema diskusiisa da Semdgomi kvlevisaTvis: ganixileTTqvens qveyanaSi bavSvebTan dakavSirebuli erovnuli samoqmedo gegmisstatusi da bavSvebisa da axalgazrdebis monawileoba mis SemuSavebaSi.zogi qveyana sxva qveynebze ufro qmediTia bavSvTa uflebebis realizebasada aRniSnul procesSi bavSvebis CarTvaSi. am davalebis mizania, daafiqrosstudentebi, Tu ra mdgomareobaa am mxriv maT qveyanaSi. saerTod, modulisam Tavis mizania, daafiqros studentebi imaze, Tu rogor imuSaonbavSvebTan da bavSvebis sakeTildReod saerTaSoriso CarCos farglebSida uflebebze dafuZnebuli midgomis gamoyenebiT.modulis am nawilis mizania, xeli Seuwyos studentebs Soris kritikulidiskusiis dawyebas imaze, Tu ras niSnavs uflebebze dafuZnebuli midgomada rogor imoqmedebs es Jurnalistur praqtikaze. mosalodneliauTanxmoeba da debatebi, rac gaamdidrebs studentebis ganaTlebisprocess da xels Seuwyobs am rTuli sferosadmi gaazrebuli midgomisCamoyalibebas.nawili 2: bavSvis uflebebi da profesiuli Jurnalisturi praqtika1. qcevis kodeqsebi da saxelmZRvanelo saredaqcio principebiam TavSi Sesaswavli ZiriTadi Temebia:  ra saWiroa qcevis kodeqsebi?  kodeqsebi detaluri da normatiuli unda iyos Tu zogad principebs unda moicavdes?  qcevis kodeqsebi da movaleobebi;  qcevis kodeqsebi da presis Tavisufleba;  pasuxismgeblobis da Tavisuflebis Sedareba.SeniSvna maswavleblebisaTvis: sTxoveT studentebs, imsjelon imaze, Turas unda moicavdes qcevis kargi kodeqsi da ra faseulobebi unda iyosmasSi xazgasmuli. CamowereT sia dafaze da Semdeg SeadareT saklasodiskusiis Sedegad miRebuli es sia realur kodeqsebs.
  • 39. 38Zalze mniSvnelovania, studentebs mieceT dro, rom SeTavazebulimasala kritikulad ganixilon. yovelTvis aucilebelia kodeqsisSesruleba? kodeqsebi saxelmZRvanelo principebs warmoadgens Turegulirebas?2. bavSvTa dacvis strategiebiam TavSi Sesaswavli ZiriTadi Temebia:  bavSvTa dacvis strategiebi. ras warmoadgens es strategiebi da ra Sexeba aqvs JurnalistebTan?  bavSvTa dacvis strategiebis SemuSaveba;  bavSvTa dacvis strategiebis ganxorcieleba;  bavSvTa dacvis strategiebi da presis Tavisufleba.am TavSi ganxilulia, Tu ramdenad icaven Tavad Jurnalistebi bavSvTauflebebs profesiuli saqmianobisas da ramdenad gamoavlenen isini imorganizaciebs, romlebic arRveven bavSvTa uflebebs. aRniSnuli TaviefuZneba wina leqcias eTikis kodeqsebis Sesaxeb. bolo wlebis erT-erTi mniSvnelovani movlena iyo aSS-Si, avstraliasa da irlandiaSikaTolikuri eklesiis mRvdlebis mier bavSvTa eqspluataciis faqtebisgaSuqeba mediaSi. studentebma unda ganixilon, bavSvTa dacvis rastrategiebi arsebobs maT qveynebSi arsebul sxvadasxva organizaciaSi.maT SeuZliaT aseve imsjelon bavSvTa dacvis im axali zomebis Sesaxeb,romlebic kaTolikurma eklesiam SemoiRo bavSvTa eqspluataciisgaxmaurebuli istoriis Semdeg.studentebma SeiZleba interviuebi aiRon Jurnalistebisagan, raTagaarkvion, ramdenad informirebulebi arian isini bavSvTa dacvisstrategiebisa Tu regulirebis Sesaxeb.sasurvelia, studentebi bavSvTa dacvis sferoSi moRvawe adgilobrivarasamTavrobo organizaciebs gaesaubron mediaSi bavSvebis gaSuqebissakiTxebze. aseTi saubrebis Sedegad SeiZleba momzaddes reportaJebian statiebi, romlebsac mTel klass gaacnoben.
  • 40. bavSvis uflebebi da Jurnalisturi praqtika - uflebebze dafuZnebuli midgoma 393. kanonTan konfliqtSi myofi bavSvebiam TavSi Sesaswavli ZiriTadi Temebia:  bavSvTa dacvis strategiebi. ras warmoadgens isini da ra Sexeba aqvs JurnalistebTan?  bavSvTa dacvis strategiebis SemuSaveba;  bavSvTa dacvis strategiebis ganxorcieleba;  bavSvTa dacvis strategiebi da presis Tavisufleba.es SeiZleba studentebisaTvis Zalze rTuli sfero aRmoCndes. xSiradsazogadoebis damokidebuleba iseTi bavSvebis mimarT, romlebicseriozul danaSauls sCadian, Zalze mkacria. zogjer aseTi bavSvebisidentificireba, danaSaulis xasiaTidan gamomdinare, iseT qveynebSicki xdeba, sadac sasamarTlo procesSi monawile bavSvebis anonimurobaCveulebriv daculia.umniSvnelovanesia, rom yvela studentma icodes sakuTar qveyanaSiarsebuli iuridiuli moTxovnebi im bavSvebTan dakavSirebiT, romlebicmonawileoben sasamarTlo ganxilvaSi an Sexeba aqvT sasamarTlosistemasa da policiasTan.nebismieri Jurnalisti, romelsac surs bavSvTa sakiTxebsa da bavSvTauflebebis dacvis sferoSi specializeba, unda icnobdes bavSvebTandakavSirebul yvela kanons.4. siuJetebisa da wyaroebis moZiebaam TavSi Sesaswavli ZiriTadi Temebia:  ra aris wyaro;  SeiZleba Tu ara, rom bavSvi iyos wyaro?  JurnalistisTvis wyaroebis mniSvneloba;  anonimuri wyaroebi;  saidan vigebT ambebs?
  • 41. 40sTxoveT studentebs, SearCion siuJeti da CamouTvaleT gamosayenebeliwyaroebi, aseve, auxseniT, Tu rogor unda daukavSirdnen maT, mieciTtelefonis nomrebi an eleqtronuli fostis misamarTebi. wyaroebTandakavSirebuli erT-erTi problema is aris, rom Jurnalistebieyrdnobian adamianebis Zalze mcirericxovan jgufs, romelicZiriTadad istebliSments warmoadgens; ubiZgeT maT, gansxvavebulad daaratradiciulad miudgnen wyaroebis SerCevas.es moduli unda moicavdes imasac, rac studentebma axali ambebisfaseulobebis Sesaxeb sxva modulebSi iswavles.studentebma unda ivarjiSon statiebis weraSi da moifiqron, rogorasaxon bavSvTa uflebebi sakuTar naSromebSi.bavSvis uflebebis sakiTxebis gaTvaliswineba ar niSnavs mxolodgaeros bavSvis uflebaTa konvenciis gaTvaliswinebas. udavoa, romes konvencia Jurnalists iseTi sakiTxebis speqtrs sTavazobs,romlebzec igi siuJetebs moiZiebs. igi aseve saSualebas aZlevsJurnalistebs, konvenciis ganxorcielebis monitoringi awarmoon,magaliTad, gamoiZion, Tu rogor asrulebs xelisufleba konvenciiTgaTvaliswinebul valdebulebebs.leqtorebma SeiZleba miscen studentebs gamogonili ambebis monaxazebimokle Canaweris saxiT da daakvirdnen, SeZleben Tu ara studentebistatiebis ise daweras, rom mkiTxveli daaintereson.saswavlo masalaSi CamoTvlilia informaciis wyaroebi da organizaciebi.studentebma unda scadon aseTi siis Sedgena TavianTi qveynisTvis.sasargeblo iqneba, rom klasma Seadginos im organizaciebisa daindividebis monacemTa baza, romlebic sasargeblo wyaroebadgamodgeboda nebismier qveyanaSi. aseTi sia SeiZleba miewodos TiToeulstudents da amiT gaumjobesdes maTi, rogorc moqmedi Jurnalistebis,profesionalizmi.
  • 42. bavSvis uflebebi da Jurnalisturi praqtika - uflebebze dafuZnebuli midgoma 415. bavSvebisgan intervius aRebaam TavSi Sesaswavli ZiriTadi Temebia:  rogor unda aiRoT interviu bavSvebisagan?  bavSvisgan intervius aReba mxolod bavSvze pasuxismgebeli zrdasruli adamianis daswrebiT SeiZleba?  rodis SeiZleba bavSvisgan intervius aReba mSoblis an meurvis dauswreblad?  saWiroebs Tu ara bavSvisgan intervius aReba im unar-Cvevebisgan gansxvavebul unarebs, romlebic zrdasrulisgan intervius aRebas sWirdeba?sTxoveT adgilobriv Jurnalists da bavSvTa uflebebis damcveliarasamTavrobo organizaciis warmomadgenels, monawileoba miiRonmecadineobaSi. orives sTxoveT, isaubron bavSvebze, rogorcwyaroebze, bavSvebisgan intervius aRebasa da Tanxmobis miRebaze.am mecadineobaze SeiZleba mizanSewonili iyos JurnalistikaSisazogadoebrivi interesis mniSvnelobis ganxilva da Sedareba imarasamTavrobo organizaciis funqciasTan, romelic mxolod bavSvisinteresebs emsaxureba.klasma unda imsjelos imaze, rom SeiZleba bavSvebs Tavad hqondeTistoriebi da gamoyenebulni iyvnen wyaroebad.wamoiwyeT klasSi diskusia bavSvebisgan intervius aRebis saxelmZRvaneloprincipebze da imsjeleT, es principebi Jurnalistebs exmareba Tuxels uSlis. aris Tu ara iseTi SemTxvevebi, rodesac JurnalistiiZulebulia, imuSaos am principebis darRveviT?es SesaZleblobas iZleva, gaimarTos msjeloba iseT mniSvnelovansakiTxebze, rogorebicaa gamoqveynebisTvis gankuTvnili informacia dainformacia, romlis gamomzeurebac wyaros ar surs, anonimuri wyaroebisgamoyeneba da informaciis mopoveba, rac wina modulebSi unda yofiliyoganxiluli.
  • 43. 426. bavSvebi SeiaraRebul konfliqtSiam TavSi Sesaswavli ZiriTadi Temebia:  jariskaci bavSvebis istoriebi;  konteqsti, omi, samoqalaqo areuloba, samoqalaqo sazogadoebis kolafsi;  jariskaci bavSvebis Temis sensaciuroba;  unar-Cvevebis sxva ambebTan mimarTebiT gamoyeneba.es aris erT-erTi mTavari da aqtualuri Tema, romelic warmoaCensim problemebs, romlebsac Jurnalistebi awydebian bavSvebTandakavSirebuli mniSvnelovani sakiTxebis gaSuqebisas. SeiZlebasasargeblo aRmoCndes diskusiis arealis gafarToeba da sxvaambebis, gansakuTrebiT, mocemul qveyenaSi aqtualuri iseTi ambebis,rogorebicaa bavSvebi seqs-industriaSi, bavSvebis trefikingi annebismieri sxva, ganxilva. aseve SeiZleba mosTxovoT studentebs,daasaxelon wyaroebi, romelTa gamoyenebac SeiZleba erT-erTi aseTiambis gaSuqebisas.aq ori sakiTxi dgas: rogor SevinarCunoT interesi mimdinare Temisadmi;rogor gavaSuqoT ambavi sensaciurobis gareSe da bavSvis keTildReobisdacviT.7. sityvis Tavisufleba bavSvebs da bavSvebze orientirebuli mediaam TavSi Sesaswavli ZiriTadi Temebia: bavSvebisaTvis mediis xelmisawvdomobis uzrunvelyofa; rogor uzrunvelvyoT bavSvis ufleba, gamoTqvas sakuTari mosazreba mediaSi; sabavSvo media.sTxoveT studentebs, moiZion sabavSvo mediasTan dakavSirebuli ambavida daweron masze statia. Tu studentebs xeli miuwvdebaT internetze,SeuZliaT moZebnon romelime sabavSvo radiosadguri msoflioSi.
  • 44. bavSvis uflebebi da Jurnalisturi praqtika - uflebebze dafuZnebuli midgoma 43aiReT interviu bavSvebisagan raime mniSvnelovan axal ambavze, raTanaxoT, gansxvavebuli xedva xom ara aqvT maT da rogoria es xedva.8. saukeTeso Jurnalisturi praqtika bavSvebTan dakavSirebiTam TavSi Sesaswavli ZiriTadi Temebia: bavSvebis Sesaxeb axali ambebis gaSuqebis saukeTeso praqtika; sabavSvo mediis monitoringi da Sefaseba: presa, radio, televizia.
  • 45. 44bibliografia• ARRC (1995) The Human Rights Pack. • bavSvTa sakiTxebis gaSuqeba ARRC. mediaSi – saxelmZRvanelo studentebisa da• DIT (2008) Enhancing Student Learning pedagogebisaTvis, gaeros bavSvTa through Assessment. Dublin Institute of fondi, Tbilisis saxelmwifo Technology (DIT) universiteti, 2008 weli• O‘Neill, G. and McMahon, T. (2005) • Jan-klod bertrani, mediaeTika da Student-centred Learning: What does angariSvaldebulebis sistemebi, it mean for Students and Lecturers?, in qarTuli gamocema 2004 weli G. O‘Neill, S. Moore and B. McMullin (eds.) • bil kovaCi, Jurnalistikis• Emerging Issues in the Practice of elementebi University Learning and Teaching, Dubin: All Ireland Society for Higher Education (AISHE)• UCISA-TLIG (2004) VLEs and Blended Learning, A discussion paper based on TLIG meetings held during 2004, UCISA.•• UNESCO (2005) Revised draft plan of action for the first phase (2005-2007) of the World Programme for Human Rights Education. UNESCO, 2005• Yeban, Felice (2002) Building a Culture of Human Rights: Challenge to Human Rights Education in 21st Century, ARRC.• Yeban, Felice (1999) The Children‘s Rights Training Package, UNICEF HANOI.
  • 46. Not for sale