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Research results on gender-based violence in schools in Serbia
Research results on gender-based violence in schools in Serbia
Research results on gender-based violence in schools in Serbia
Research results on gender-based violence in schools in Serbia
Research results on gender-based violence in schools in Serbia
Research results on gender-based violence in schools in Serbia
Research results on gender-based violence in schools in Serbia
Research results on gender-based violence in schools in Serbia
Research results on gender-based violence in schools in Serbia
Research results on gender-based violence in schools in Serbia
Research results on gender-based violence in schools in Serbia
Research results on gender-based violence in schools in Serbia
Research results on gender-based violence in schools in Serbia
Research results on gender-based violence in schools in Serbia
Research results on gender-based violence in schools in Serbia
Research results on gender-based violence in schools in Serbia
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Research results on gender-based violence in schools in Serbia

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BELGRADE, 5 June 2014 – UNICEF, the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development presented research results about attitudes, values, experiences and awareness related to distribution, …

BELGRADE, 5 June 2014 – UNICEF, the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development presented research results about attitudes, values, experiences and awareness related to distribution, characteristics and consequences of sexual and gender-based violence among and against pupils (girls and boys) in primary and secondary schools in Serbia.

The aim of the research was to investigate and suggest good practice prevention capacities and prevention opportunities, particularly related to sexual and gender-based violence.

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  • 1. Republika Srbija MINISTARSTVO PROSVETE, NAUKE I TEHNOLOŠKOG RAZVOJA Preliminary research results on gender-based violence in schools
  • 2. Integrated Response to Violence against Women in Serbia • United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) • UN Development Program (UNDP) • UN Agency for Gender Equality (UN Women) School without violence • Unit for Violence Prevention, Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Republic of Serbia • UNICEF, Office in Serbia • Institute for Psychology, Philosophy Faculty, University in Belgrade
  • 3. Research team Center for Gender and Politics, Faculty of Political Science, University in Belgrade • Jelena Ćeriman, B.A., sociologist, researcher • Ksenija Perišić, B.A., psychologist, researcher • Nađa Duhaček, M.A., women’s studies, researcher • Marina Bogdanović, B.A., consultant • Daša Duhaček, PhD, coordinator
  • 4. • Goal: to explore gender-based violence (GBV) in elementary schools and high schools in Serbia • Research participants: male and female students, 4th grade elementary school to 4th year high school, as well as teachers and psychologists and pedagogues • Data collection: 50 schools (35 elementary schools and 15 high schools) • A total of 24 982 questionnaires were filled out.
  • 5. Number of research participants Male Female Total Teachers 721 1816 2537 Psychology/Pedagogy Service 10 71 81 Students in elementary schools 6920 6689 13609 Students in high schools 4736 4019 8755 Total 12387 12595 24982 Structure of the sample
  • 6. Results • Gender-based violence (GBV) has now been documented in elementary schools and high schools in Serbia • 69 % of elementary school students and 74 % of high school students stated that they have experienced some form of GBV since the beginning of the 2013/2014 school year.
  • 7. Elementary school Grade Total IV V VI VII VIII Number of students. 1341 1595 1769 1966 1869 8540 % in grade 53% 61% 70% 79% 83% 69% High school Grade Total I II III IV Number of students 1484 1664 1621 1388 6157 % in grade 69% 74% 77% 77% 74% Students who have experienced at least one form of GBV
  • 8. 23 19 11 44 6 34 23 40 Taking clothes off by force Encroachment of privacy Physical sexual harassment Vulgar bodily movement Boys Girls Prevalence of specific forms of GBV, elementary school, in %
  • 9. 16 18 40 19 43 5 21 51 14 39 Taking clothes off by force Encroachment of privacy Sexual objectification Exposed to pornography Vulgar bodily movement Young men Young women Prevalence of specific forms of GBV, in high schools, in%
  • 10. Gender of those who perpetrate GBV • When students were asked about their experience of GBV, they were also asked about the gender and age of perpetrators (male or female, peers or teachers). • Boys constitute the majority of those who perpatrated GBV against other boys and girls alike.
  • 11. Reporting GBV to emplyees of elementary schools Verbal GBV physical sexual harassment Never 83% Once or twice 14% 3 or more times 3% Never 71% Once or twice 23% 3 or more times 6%
  • 12. Reporting GBV to emplyees of elementary schools Verbal GBV physical sexual harassment Never 82% Once or twice 16% 3 or more times 2% Never 91% Once or twice 8% 3 or more times 1%
  • 13. 19 8 44 9 64 69 60 27 11.5 5 18 8 16 12 16 21 Violence in romantic relationship Sexual harassment Blaming the victim of sexual harassments Violence against homosexual persons agree - boys undecided boys agree – girls undecided - girls Attitudes toward GBV, students of 6th, 7th and 8th grade, elementary schools
  • 14. Attitudes toward GBV, students of 6th, 7th and 8th grade, elementary schools • More than 60% of students blame the victim of sexual harassment. • 60% of boys and 27% of girls justify violence against homosexual persons. • 44% of boys find that sexual harassment of girls is acceptable. • Close to 1 in 5 (19%) boys think that there are situations when a boyfriend can slap his girlfriend.
  • 15. Where do we go from here? • 77 % of elementary school students and 69% of high school students think that these topics (gender roles, gender equality, GBV prevention) should be discussed in school. • 75% of elementary school emplyees and 68% of high school employees stated that they are interested in attending further training regarding gender roles, gender equality, GBV prevention.
  • 16. We are grateful to: • Teachers, psychologists and pedagogues • Women’s feminist nongovernmental organizations • Unit for Violence Prevention, Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Republic of Serbia • UNICEF Office in Serbia • Institute for Psychology, Philosophy Faculty, University in Belgrade

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