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Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori
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Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori

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Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori

Istrazivanje o drustvenoj inklusiji djece sa smetnjama u razvoju u Crnoj Gori

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  • 1. StrategicPuls Group Strategic Marketing Research Part of StrategicPuls Group and Member of ESOMAR Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania Early childhood development • For: UNICEF June 2009 Report
  • 2. 2 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Methodology Early childhood development Face to face interview at respondent’s home National representative sample of mothers/primary Guardians of children younger than 6 years Sample Frame: population Census 2003 and estimated population dynamics. Sample size is 1,200: • 1000 mothers/guardians living in Montenegro • over sample of 200 Roma in Roma settlements mothers/guardians living in Roma in Roma settlements Population of guardians is three stage stratified quota sample with sampling stages: 1. Polling station territory chosen with probability proportional to size (PPS) 2. Random route technique starting from the given addresses with equal probabilities (SRSWoR) until the quota is fulfilled 3. Primary Guardians responsible for child care. Stratification is done according to Type of settlement – urban/rural Three geo-economical regions Post stratification is performed regarding: gender, age, type of settlement, geo-economical region Fieldwork control is done in 12% of totally interviewed in all strata proportionally to sample size, and logic and consistency control of collected data is performed in 100%
  • 3. 3 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Relationship between respondent – care taker and child What is the relationship between respondent and the child that we will talk about in this questionnaire? Base: Total target population of guardians 88% 9% 2% 1% 0% 1% Mother Father Grandmother Grandfather Sister Other Early childhood development - DEMOGRAPHY 88% of care takers are mothers, 9% fathers, 2% grandmothers, while other care takers are present to a lesser extent.
  • 4. StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania PREGNANCY
  • 5. 5 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Biological parenthood Are you the biological mother of the child? Early childhood development - PREGNANCY Base: Total target population of guardians Yes 87% No 13% Yes 88% No 12% Total target population of guardians Population of guardians from Roma settlements 87% of the sample of guardians of children under 6 years of age are their biological mothers. • Situation is similar among guardians from Roma settlements.
  • 6. 6 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Getting informed about pregnancy During your pregnancy how did you obtain information about issues related to pregnancy, care about the new- born, etc.? Early childhood development - PREGNANCY Multiple answers; Base: biological mothers of the child (87% of target population) 48% 46% 33% 27% 15% 14% 9% 7% 4% 38% 7% 19% 41% 2% 1% 25% Family members Experts (general practitioners, nurses, gynecologists) Friends Previous experience Books From media (radio, TV, magazines, newspapers) Brochures Internet I did not get informed General population Roma from Roma settlements During pregnancy majority of mothers obtained information about issues related to pregnancy and care about the new-born from other family members (48%), experts - general practitioners, nurses, gynecologists (46%) and friends (33%). Another 27% mention their previous experience. • Books and media (radio, TV, magazines, newspapers) are mentioned in smaller percentage – 15%, and 14% respectively. Brochures are mentioned by 9%, and Internet by7%. • 4% state that they were not informed in any way at all. • Various types of media, brochures, Internet are mentioned to a bigger extent by mothers with higher education, in cases when both parents are employed, and in households with bigger household income. • Among Roma population from Roma settlements, all sources of information are used to a lesser extent, and mothers rely to their own experience most of all (41%). As much as ¼ of Roma from Roma settlements state that they were not informed in any way. • Only 7% of Roma state to have been informed by experts, and none of them mentions media (radio, TV, magazines, newspapers) as sources of information.
  • 7. 7 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Satisfaction with quality of available information about pregnancy Please evaluate with grades from 1 to 5 your satisfaction with quality of information about pregnancy which were available to you? Early childhood development - PREGNANCY Multiple answers; Base: biological mothers of the child (87% of target population) 2% 3% 6% 16% 76% 33% 43% Not satisfied at all 2 Sum - 3 Sum + 4 Verysatisfied 8% 3% 9% 5% 6% 38% 68% 83% 74% 78% 73% 40% North Center South Urban Other Roma from Roma settlement Stratum Sum - Sum + Typeofsettlement 76% of mothers are generally satisfied with quality of information about pregnancy which are accessible to them. Just 6% are dissatisfied, while 16% are neither dissatisfied nor satisfied. • Somewhat more satisfied are the mothers of children up to 6 months who generally use Internet more frequently as a source of information. • Besides that, significantly more satisfied with quality of available information are mothers from central region and those from urban settlements. • Roma mothers from Roma settlements are generally less satisfied by far with quality of available information – even 38% of them are dissatisfied with quality of information.
  • 8. 8 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Support during pregnancy Who from did you get support during pregnancy? Early childhood development - PREGNANCY Multiple answers; Base: biological mothers of the child (87% of target population) 77% 49% 39% 34% 21% 5% 1% Partner Mother Doctor Other family members Friends Midwife Professionals (psychologists, pedagogues...) During pregnancy mothers got the strongest support from their partners – 77% of mothers state to have got their partner's support. The second strongest support was received from mothers – 49%, and then doctors – 39%. 42% 40% 17% 36% 11% 2% Partner Mother Doctor Other family members Friends Midwife Professionals (psychologists, pedagogues...) Among mothers from Roma settlements all forms of support are present to a much lesser extent: 42% of mothers mention the support of their partners, 40% mother's support, and only 17% doctor's support. Population of mothers Population of mothers from Roma settlements
  • 9. 9 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Information received from the doctor What are the three most important things which you learned when visiting your doctor during pregnancy? Early childhood development - PREGNANCY Multiple answers; Base: biological mothers of the child (87% of target population) Mothers mention as the three most important things which they learned when visiting their doctor during pregnancy: advices about health and correct nutrition, way of life and behavior, necessity to practice physical activity, hygiene, mental health, avoidance of stress, relaxation, harmfulness of smoking and alcohol. Mothers also frequently mention information about regular check-ups, laboratory analyses, ultrasound, development of fetus, preparations for childbirth, breastfeeding. Typical statements: “How to maintain pregnancy correctly, how not to be afraid of delivery, how to eat properly.” “To quit smoking, to pay attention to my nutrition, not to take any medications during pregnancy, to take folic acid for better blood count.” “Not to eat as much as I want only because I’m pregnant.” “To eat appropriately, to move around as much as I can, to avoid irritation, to go for check-ups regularly.” “He showed me my child with ultra sound.” Mothers from Roma settlements in almost ¼ of cases (22%) state that they didn't visit the doctor, or that they visited the doctor rarely, so they were not able to say what they learn during these visits.
  • 10. 10 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Partner’s participation in pregnancy – visiting the doctor Did your partner visit the doctor together with you during your pregnancy? Early childhood development - PREGNANCY Base: biological mothers of the child (87% of target population) 25% 15% 41% 22% 38% 25% 13% No, never Mainly no Sum - Both yes and no Sum + Mainly yes Always 49% 43% 26% 42% 38% 64% 34% 40% 38% 38% 37% 15% North Center South Urban Other Roma from Roma settlements Stratum Sum - Sum + Typeofsettlement 38% of mothers state that they visited the doctor mainly together with their partner, while 41% state that they mainly visited the doctor alone. • Participation of fathers is less frequent in northern region and more frequent in southern region – in northern region as much as 49% of partners did not escort their wives when they visited the doctor and 26% in the southern region. • Among mothers from Roma settlements just 15% of fathers visited the doctor together with their wives.
  • 11. 11 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Partner’s participation in pregnancy – getting informed by the doctor Was he informed by the doctor about his role in child-related issues? Early childhood development - PREGNANCY Base: if partner visited the doctor together with child’s mother during pregnancy (65% of target population) 10% 21% 32% 30% 38% 26% 12% Not at all Mainly no Sum - Partly Sum + Mainly yes Completely 34% 31% 30% 33% 30% 28% 38% 44% 27% 44% 27% 37% North Center South Urban Other Roma from Roma settlements Settlementtype Sum - Sum + Strata 38% of mothers who visited the doctor together with partner at least occasionally think that fathers were informed by the doctor about their role in child-related issues. 32% of these mothers express opposite opinion. • Positive attitude is recorded more frequently among mothers from central region and urban settlements, as well as mothers of children up to 6 months. • There are no differences about this issue between mothers from general population and those from Roma settlements.
  • 12. 12 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Partner’s participation in pregnancy – presence at delivery Was your partner present during the childbirth? Early childhood development - PREGNANCY Base: biological mothers of the child (87% of target population) 7% 2% 93% 98% General population Roma from Roma settlements Yes No 52% 39% 7% 1% 4% 33% 58% 9% 2% 1% He wasn`t allowed to attend He wasn`t interested He was absent from town He didn`t meet medical conditions Other General population Roma from Roma settlements Why wasn't the partner present during the childbirth? Multiple answers; Base: if partner was present during the childbirth (81% of target population) Only 7% of fathers attended childbirth. To a somewhat lesser extent these are younger people, and those from southern region. Among Roma from Roma settlements just 2% of fathers attended childbirth. Most frequently mentioned reason why father didn't attend childbirth is that father wasn't allowed to attend. This reason was mentioned by as much as 52% of mothers. 39% of mothers state that fathers were not interested. • Higher percentage of mothers from rural areas think that father's attendance isn't allowed (61% of mothers name this reason). Mothers with children up to 6 months mention this reason less frequently. • Higher percentage of fathers from Roma settlements are uninterested to attend childbirth (58%).
  • 13. 13 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Satisfaction with maternity clinic Please evaluate with grades from 1 to 5 your satisfaction with delivery room in which you gave birth to your child? Early childhood development - PREGNANCY Base: biological mothers of the child (87% of target population) 4% 9% 13% 24% 60% 31% 29% 1% Not satisfied at all 2 Sum - 3 Sum + 4 Very satisfied My child was not born in hospital 60% of mothers are generally satisfied with delivery room where they gave birth to their child. Mothers of children up to 6 months are even more satisfied – 75% of them give positive grade. • There is no difference in satisfaction with delivery room between mothers from general population and those from Roma settlements. However, as much as 21% of Roma mothers state that they didn't give birth in hospital! 6% 8% 14% 11% 53% 30% 23% 21% Not satisfied at all 2 Sum - 3 Sum + 4 Very satisfied My child was not born in hospital Population of mothers Population of mothers from Roma settlements
  • 14. StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania BREASTFEEDING AND NUTRITION
  • 15. 15 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Involvement of parents/guardians in the breastfeeding process Are you the person who breastfed / breastfeeds or a person who knows details about how child was breastfed? Early childhood development - BREASTFEEDING AND NUTRITION Base: Total target population of guardians Yes, person who breastfed the child 76% Yes, the person who knows how the child was breastfed 8% No 16% Out of total population of guardians 76% state that they themselves breastfed or fed the child, 8% state that they know how the child was breastfed and fed. 16% either do not know or didn't answer. • Among male guardians even 59% claim not to know how the child was fed. • There is no differences between general population of guardians and population of guardians from Roma settlements
  • 16. 16 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Assistance with breastfeeding Who helped you, or who helps you with breastfeeding, sterilization, cleaning, bathing the child, etc? Early childhood development - BREASTFEEDING AND NUTRITION Multiple answers; Base: persons who breastfed the child (76% of target population) 30% 25% 14% 5% 5% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 0% 1% 37% Spouse/ partner Mother Mother-in-law Sister Midwife Friend Family Children Grandmother Nurse Nanny Spouse's family memberrelative Visiting nurse Other No one helps/helped me 31% 35% 43% 31% 37% 46% 57% 48% 31% 26% 49% 38% 21% 36% 39% 71% Elementary or less Secondary College or University Both employed Only father employed Only mother employed Both unemployed Up to 100 eur 101-200 eur Over 200 eur North Center South Urban Other Roma from Roma settlements Stratum No one helps/helped me EducationEmployment Income Type of settlement 37% of breastfeeding mothers state that no one helped them with nutrition and breastfeeding, sterilization, cleaning, bathing the child. 30% state that their partner helps/ed them, 25% specify mother, and 14% mother-in-law. • In families where both parents are unemployed and those with low household income, mother is deprived of help more frequently. This is also recorded more frequently in northern region. • Among mothers from Roma settlements as much as 71% remain without any help, while just 1% state to be helped by their partner. Among these mothers help most frequently comes from mothers (13%) and mothers-in-law (3%).
  • 17. 17 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Sources of information about breastfeeding What was/is your most frequent source of information about breastfeeding? Early childhood development - BREASTFEEDING AND NUTRITION Base: persons who breastfed the child (76% of target population) 17% 18% 20% 15% 8% 4% 2% 2% 1% 0% 5% 33% 22% 10% 3% 3% 21% Previous experience Family members Doctors Nurses Magazines Friends Books Brochures Internet TV I don`t search for such information General population Roma from Roma settlements Mot frequently mentioned source of information about breastfeeding is doctor (20%), other family members (18%), midwife (15%). 17% mention previous experience. • Other sources of information are rarely mentioned: magazines - 8%, books - 2%, brochures - 2%, Internet – 1%, TV – 0,2%... • Among mothers from Roma population even 21% state that they didn't even search for such information, while in general population 5% of mothers claim the same. Most frequently mentioned magazines are Moja beba, Mama, Majka i dijete, Trudnoća…. Internet websites : www.wikipedia.com, www.yumama.com, www.bebac.com. Mothers which mentioned brochures state that they were given these brochures in hospitals, children's counseling rooms, health centers, delivery rooms … Most frequently mentioned magazines are Moja beba, Mama, Majka i dijete, Trudnoća…. Internet websites : www.wikipedia.com, www.yumama.com, www.bebac.com. Mothers which mentioned brochures state that they were given these brochures in hospitals, children's counseling rooms, health centers, delivery rooms …
  • 18. 18 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Information about breastfeeding – duration of breastfeeding period How long after the birth was the child breastfed? - months Early childhood development - BREASTFEEDING AND NUTRITION Base: persons who breastfed the child or they know details about how child was breastfed (84% of target population) 18% 22% 27% 12% 18% Up to 3 months 3.01-6 months 6.01-12 months More than 12 months It is still breastfeed 8.5 9.3 8.9 7.4 7.6 9.1 7.9 10.0 10.4 8.0 6.0 7.5 8.0 8.6 10.0 6.5 8.8 9.1 10.9 10.3 7.7 7.6 7.9 9.5 9.2 Total Elementary or less Secondary College or University Both employed Only father employed Only mother employed Both unemployed Up to 100 eur 101-200 eur Over 200 eur 16 - 25 26 - 30 31 - 35 >35 Up to 3 4 5 6+ North Center South Urban Other Roma from Roma settlement EducationEmploymentIncomeMotherageNo.ofHH members Strata Type of settlement On the average, mothers stop breastfeeding between baby's 6th and 12th month of life (27% of mothers who breastfed their child). 22% of mothers were breastfeeding between 3 and 6 months, and 18% up to 3 months. On the average children are breastfed for circa 9 months. Children are breastfed longer in case of mothers with lower educated families, unemployed, with lower household income. Also in case of households with bigger number of household members, from northern region, and from rural settlements. • There are no significant differences in length of breastfeeding between mothers from general population and those from Roma settlements. Average number of months
  • 19. 19 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Exclusive breastfeeding How long after the birth was the child ONLY breastfed (given only breast milk even without water)? - months Early childhood development - BREASTFEEDING AND NUTRITION Base: persons who breastfed the child or they know details about how child was breastfed (84% of target population) 22% 13% 12% 8% 3% 13% 3% 14% 7% Up to 1 months 1.01-2 months 2.01-3 months 3.01-4 months 4.01-5 months 5.01-6 months More than 6 months The child was not ONLY breastfed I still ONLY breastfeed the child Exclusive breastfeeding lasts for 3,2 months on the average. 14% of mothers who breastfed their child did not apply exclusive breastfeeding. Exclusive breastfeeding lasts longer on the average among mothers from lower educated families, unemployed mothers, mothers with lower household income, households with bigger number of household members, those from northern region and from rural areas. • On the average Roma mothers exclusively breastfeed their children for longer time, but this is partly the result of the fact that higher percentage of mothers continue exclusive breastfeeding even after 6 months (as much as 13% of Roma mothers who breastfeed their children). 3.2 3.5 3.2 3.0 2.8 3.3 2.9 4.2 3.7 3.1 2.4 2.7 3.4 3.3 3.0 2.5 3.1 3.7 3.9 3.6 2.7 3.5 2.9 3.7 4.8 Total Elementary or less Secondary College or University Both employed Only father employed Only mother employed Both unemployed Up to 100 eur 101-200 eur Over 200 eur 16 - 25 26 - 30 31 - 35 >35 Up to 3 4 5 6+ North Center South Urban Other Roma from Roma settlement EducationEmploymentIncomeMotherageNo.ofHH members StrataType of settlement Average number of months
  • 20. 20 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Introduction of supplemental food When did you start supplemental feeding of your child (give him food other than breast milk)? - months Early childhood development - BREASTFEEDING AND NUTRITION Base: persons who said that they start supplemental feeding of their child (73% of target population) 12% 13% 15% 16% 7% 20% 9% Up to 1 months 1.01-2 months 2.01-3 months 3.01-4 months 4.01-5 months 5.01-6 months More than 6 months 4.1 5.2 4.2 4.0 3.9 4.2 3.4 5.2 4.6 4.1 3.4 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1 3.6 4.2 4.4 4.7 4.5 3.6 4.3 4.0 4.4 5.4 Total Elementary or less Secondary College or University Both employed Only father employed Only mother employed Both unemployed Up to 100 eur 101-200 eur Over 200 eur 16 - 25 26 - 30 31 - 35 >35 Up to 3 4 5 6+ North Center South Urban Other Roma from Roma settlement EducationEmploymentIncomeMotherageNo.ofHH members StrataType of settlement Average number of months Along the lines of previous conclusions, mothers who breastfeed their children start supplemental feeding around the 4th month. Again, mothers who introduce supplemental feeding later are those from lower educated families, unemployed mothers, mothers with lower household income, from households with bigger number of household members, from northern region and from rural settlements. • Roma mothers who are breastfeeding introduce supplemental feeding around the 5th month on the average, but even 18% of mothers start supplemental feeding later, after the 6th month.
  • 21. 21 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Contact during feeding/breastfeeding Which of the following do you do while feeding your child? Early childhood development - BREASTFEEDING AND NUTRITION Multiple answers; Base: parents or guardians of children aged from 0 to 1 year - persons who breastfed the child or they know details about how child was breastfed (16% of target population) 55% 51% 34% 24% 5% 5% 1% I talk or sing to the child I cuddle him I embrace the child I look at child`s eyes I watch TV I talk with others Nothing special Breastfeeding or feeding is most frequently the time for closer contact between mother and child. 55% of mothers state that, while feeding the child, they talk with him, or sing to the child, 51% claim to cuddle the child, 34% claim to embrace the child, and ¼ look at child's eyes. Only 5% of mothers state that they watch TV or talk with others while feeding their child. 1% claim that they don't do anything special in these occasions. Lower percentage of Roma mothers cuddle the child – 11%, and higher percentage of them claim not to do anything special - 21%. This information could indicate that awareness of the need for closer contact with the child is lower among mothers from Roma settlements. 32% 11% 20% 28% 5% 21% I talk or sing to the child I cuddle him I embrace the child I look at child`s eyes I watch TV I talk with others Nothing special Population of mothers Population of mothers from Roma settlements
  • 22. 22 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Frequency of consumption of various types of groceries How often do you give your child the following food? Early childhood development - BREASTFEEDING AND NUTRITION Base: parents or guardians of children aged from 6 and more months (90% of target population) 76% 90% 49% 72% 73% 55% 72% 15% 8% 36% 23% 21% 32% 25% Cereals / bread / cereal Milk products Meet/fish Fruits/ stone fruits Vegetables Sweets Soup Every day 2 – 3 times a week Once a week 2 – 3 times a month Once a month or less Never Total target population of guardians Population of guardians from Roma settlements 83% 27% 11% 13% 14% 24% 13% 50% 24% 22% 24% 14% 33% 14% 40% 31% 28% 11% 20% 7% 18% 18% 19% 18% 10% 14% 12% 28% 15% 7% 8% Cereals / bread / cereal Milk products Meet/fish Fruits/ stone fruits Vegetables Sweets Soup Every day 2 – 3 times a week Once a week 2 – 3 times a month Once a month or less Never Regarding children's nutrition, children are most frequently given milk products – 90% of mothers with children up to 6 months state to give milk products every day, another 8% give milk products 2-3 times a week. Next on the list are cereals and bread – 76% every day and 15% at least 2 to 3 times a week. ½ of mothers claim to give meet to their child every day, 36% give meet 2 to 3 times a week. 72% of mothers state that they give fruits to the child every day, 23% give fruits 2 to 3 times a week. Situation is similar with vegetables and soup. Sweets are given somewhat less frequently, 55% of mothers give children sweets every day, 32% give them 2 to 3 times a week. Mothers from Roma settlements give their children somewhat more frequently bread and cereals, and considerably less frequently milk products (just 27% give them every day), meat (just 11% every day), fruits (7% every day), vegetables (13% every day), sweets (14% every day), soup (24% every day).
  • 23. 23 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Number of meals How many times a day do you give food to your child? Early childhood development - BREASTFEEDING AND NUTRITION Base: parents or guardians of children aged from 1 to 6 years (81% of target population) 1% 1% 19% 34% 30% 7% 1% 1% 0% 0% 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Children from 1 to 6 years most frequently have 4 meals a day – 34% of mothers give this answer. 30% of mothers give the child 5 meals a day, and 19% give 3 meals a day. More frequently 5 meals are given to children aged from 1 to 2 years – 43% of children of this age are given 5 meals. Average number of meals per day in general population in case of children aged from 1 to 6 years is 4,3. The number of meals is somewhat lesser in families with lower income, those from northern region and in rural areas. It is drastically reduced among children from Roma settlements, who have 3,1 meals per day on the average. 4.3 4.2 4.5 4.6 4.2 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.2 3.1 Total Up to 100 eur 101-200 eur Over 200 eur North Center South Urban Other Roma from Roma settlement Income Strata Typeof settlement Average number of meals
  • 24. 24 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Children eating together with guardians Does your child eat his/her meals together with other family members? Early childhood development - BREASTFEEDING AND NUTRITION Base: parents or guardians of children aged from 1 to 6 years (81% of target population) 48% 51% 34% 31% 4% 6% 14% 13% General population Roma from Roma settlements Yes, all meals Yes, just some meals No There is no rule - changeable 48% of parents/guardians of children aged from 1 to 6 years state that the child eats all his/her meals together with other family members. 34% state that the child eats some meals with family members, in 4% of cases the child eats his/her meals alone, and 14% state that there is no rule about that. • Most frequently mentioned reason why the child doesn't eat together with the rest of the family is the fact that parents work, so they are not at home during the meals. • 23% of Roma guardians state that they don't have enough food. 46% 14% 6% 6% 7% 4% 3% 4% 12% 61% 7% 3% 23% 6% Due to obligations we are not at home at that time Has different rhythm than other family members The child is not hungry at that time The child eats first, and then we eat The child is too small, it is still a baby Not enough food He eats in kindergarten He sleeps at that time Other answers Don't know General population Roma from Roma settlements Why don't you eat together (occasionally)? Base: parents or guardians of children aged from 1 to 6 years - if child doesn’t eat his/her meals together with other family members (15% of target population)
  • 25. 25 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Importance of mother-child contact immediately after birth Please evaluate with grades from 1 to 5 how important do you think it is that mother and child are together immediately after childbirth? Early childhood development - BREASTFEEDING AND NUTRITION Base: Total target population of guardians 3% 0% 3% 3% 93% 12% 81% Completely unimportant 2 Sum - 3 Sum + 4 Very important Awareness of importance of close relationship between mother and child immediately after childbirth is very high. 93% of parents think that it is important for mother and newborn to be together immediately after childbirth, and as much as 81% think that this is very important. • Awareness about the importance of this contact is somewhat higher among parents who are both employed, with higher education, and higher household income. • Awareness about the importance of this contact is also high among Roma from Roma settlements – 87% of them consider this experience very important, 63% very important. 4.7 4.5 4.7 4.8 4.8 4.6 4.7 4.5 4.5 4.7 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.4 Total Elementary or less Secondary College or University Both employed Only father employed Only mother employed Both unemployed Up to 100 eur 101-200 eur Over 200 eur North Center South Urban Other Roma from Roma settlement EducationEmployment IncomeStrata Type of settlement Average
  • 26. 26 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Importance of breastfeeding for child’s development In your opinion how important is breastfeeding for child's development? Early childhood development - BREASTFEEDING AND NUTRITION Base: Total target population of guardians 1% 0% 1% 2% 96% 14% 83% Completely unimportant 2 Sum - 3 Sum + 4 Very important 96% of guardians think that breastfeeding is important for child's development, 83% think that it is very important. • This percentage is lower among lower educated, unemployed, with lower income, male guardians, from northern region and rural settlements. • Also, among Roma guardians awareness of importance of breastfeeding is on somewhat lower level, but still high - 84% of them think that breastfeeding is important for child's development, 56% that it is very important. Average 4.8 4.6 4.8 4.8 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.8 4.5 4.8 4.7 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.3 Total Elementary or less Secondary College or University Both employed Only father employed Only mother employed Both unemployed Up to 100 eur 101-200 eur Over 200 eur Male Female North Center South Urban Other Roma from Roma settlement EducationEmploymentIncome Strata Type of settlement Gender
  • 27. 27 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Importance of starting breastfeeding with the first child’s meal Please evaluate with grades from 1 to 5 how important do you think it is that breastfeeding starts immediately, from the child's first meal? Early childhood development - BREASTFEEDING AND NUTRITION Base: Total target population of guardians 1% 1% 2% 3% 94% 13% 81% Completely unimportant 2 Sum - 3 Sum + 4 Very important 94% of guardians think that it is important to start breastfeeding immediately, from the child's first meal, 81% that it is very important. • This percentage is somewhat higher among higher educated, employed, with higher income, among female guardians, from central region and urban settlements. • Also, among guardians from Roma settlements awareness of importance of starting breastfeeding cycle immediately, from the child's first meal is also on lower level, but still high - 83% of caretakers think that breastfeeding is important for child's development, 58% that it is very important. Average 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.5 4.8 4.7 4.9 4.6 4.8 4.7 4.2 Total Elementary or less Secondary College or University Both employed Only father employed Only mother employed Both unemployed Up to 100 eur 101-200 eur Over 200 eur Male Female North Center South Urban Other Roma from Roma settlement EducationEmploymentIncome Strata Type of settlement Gender
  • 28. 28 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Estimation of optimum breastfeeding period In your opinion how long should the child be breastfed? Early childhood development - BREASTFEEDING AND NUTRITION Base: Total target population of guardians 14% 20% 13% 34% 13% Less then 6 months 6 months 7-11 months 12 months Over 12 months 14% 27% 14% 8% 10% 8% 13% 23% 16% 11% 18% Total 16 - 25 26 - 30 31 - 35 >35 North Center South Urban Other Roma from Roma settlements GuardiangenderStrataTypeof settlement The highest percentage of guardians think that children should be breastfed until the age of one year – 34%. 20% think that breastfeeding should be interrupted when the child turns 6 months, while as much as 14% of them think that breastfeeding should be interrupted before the sixth month. • It is worth mentioning that guardians who think that a child should be breastfed up to 6 months or even less are those aged up to 25 years, from urban settlements and southern region, that is, the categories of population who are more aware of issues related to breastfeeding and child care in general. • There are no bigger differences in attitudes on this issue between guardians from general population and those from Roma settlements. Percentage of those who said less then 6 months
  • 29. 29 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Agreement with statements about breastfeeding Breast milk may be of such quality (this refers to quality, not quantity) that it fails to meet all the needs of the child for nutrients Early childhood development - BREASTFEEDING AND NUTRITION Base: Total target population of guardians Child's brain develops the fastest during the first three years of life. This process can sped up by close, warm stimulation from the baby`s environment 15% 15% 7% 14% 16% 11% 64% 60% 74% 49% 68% 57% 31% 29% Total North Center South Urban Other Roma from Roma settlement I don`t agree I agree 2% 4% 1% 2% 1% 5% 82% 77% 82% 87% 79% 86% 35% Total North Center South Urban Other Roma from Roma settlement I don`t agree I agree 64% guardians agree, 22% is not sure, 15% disagree. Agreement with this statement is bigger among guardians from central region and lesser among guardians from southern region. Percentage of agreement is lower among guardians from Roma settlements where there is also considerably higher percentage of indecisive answers, that is, the cases where the guardians are not sure whether this is true or untrue – 57%, compared to 22% in general population of guardians. 81% of guardians was answered positively, 17% answer that they are not sure, and just 2% of guardians disagree. Among the guardians from Roma settlements percentage of agreement is considerably lower – just 35% of guardians agree with this statement, while percentage of the indecisive, those who are not sure, is exceptionally high – 60%.
  • 30. StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania CARE WITHIN FAMILY
  • 31. 31 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Family members who take care of the child Which household members takes care about the child? Early childhood development - CARE WITHIN FAMILY Multiple answers; Base: Total target population of guardians 97% 81% 38% 17% 12% 8% 5% 92% 55% 34% 14% 17% 10% 2% Mother Father Grandmother Grandfather Sister Brother Someone else General population Roma from Roma settlements Household members who take care about the child are, first of all, mother (in 97% of families with children up to 6 years of age) and father (81%), then grandmother (38%), grandfather (17%), sister (12%), and brother (8%). • In Roma households father has a role in child care to a considerably lesser extent (just 55% of fathers). Who spends the most time with the child? Base: Total target population of guardians 82% 7% 4% 2% 1% 0% 0% 1% 86% 4% 6% 1% 2% Mother Both parents Grandmother Father Brother, sister Grandfather Babysitter Someone else General population Roma from Roma settlements However, when asked who primarily takes care of the child, in majority of cases the answer is mother (82%), and all other household members are specified in less than 10% of cases.
  • 32. 32 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Family assistance with leaving the child at home 31% 27% 22% 11% 3% 1% 1% 1% 0% 17% 26% 29% 1% 4% 8% 7% 6% I leave the child with other parent I leave the child with grandmother, grandfather I take the child with me I take the child to nursery school I leave the child with siblings who are more than 10 years old I leave the child with other adult relatives I leave the child with siblings who are less than 10 years old I leave the child with other adult persons I leave the child unattended General population Roma from Roma settlements What do you usually do with your child when you have to leave house for longer time (going to work, field, etc.) Early childhood development - CARE WITHIN FAMILY Base: Total target population of guardians When the guardian has to leave home for longer period of time (going to work, field, etc..) the highest percentage of them leave the child with other parent (31%), or grandparents (27%). However, as much as 1/3 of guardians do not have this kind of family help, so they state that they take the child with them (22% of cases) or take the child to nursery school (11%). • In Roma families children are often left with other adult relatives (8%), but some answer to leave the child with siblings below 10 years of age (7%), which is a case that almost doesn't appear among general population. When they have to leave the house for shorter time the guardians most frequently take the child with them (38%). What do you usually do with your child when you have to leave house even for a short time, for going shopping, doing some administrative or similar job... or because of other reasons? Base: Total target population of guardians 38% 33% 21% 4% 1% 1% 1% 0% 40% 14% 19% 3% 7% 8% 5% I take the child with me I leave the child with other parent I leave the child with grandmother, grandfather I leave the child with siblings who are more than 10 years old I leave the child with siblings who are less than 10 years old I leave the child with other adult relatives I leave the child with other adult persons I leave the child unattended General population Roma from Roma settlements
  • 33. 33 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Activities carried out with children – General population of guardians During the last week did you, or any other member of your family do… Early childhood development - CARE WITHIN FAMILY Base: parents or guardians of children aged from 1 to 6 years (82% of target population) 70% 53% 33% 28% 23% 22% 20% 17% 17% 15% 13% 12% 10% 10% 9% 30% 47% 67% 72% 77% 78% 80% 83% 84% 85% 87% 88% 90% 90% 91% Teach child about spiritual or religious customs Together with child doing housework (such as cooking, repairs, cleaning, care for pets....) Spent time with the child in educational activities such as counting, naming things, drawing Draw with the child Talk with the child during the meal Read books or watched picture books with the child Praising the child Feed the child or help him eat Sing songs with the child Watch TV with the child Take the child to walk, green market or shop, or a visit outside of home Tell stories to the child Play with the child Sit with the child during the main meal Bathe the child, change diapers, etc.. No / DK Yes Regarding the activities which guardians and other household members practice with their children, we can see that the basic activities are the most represented: bathing the child, changing diapers, sitting with the child during the meal. Also, great majority of guardians play with children, take them for a walk, tells them stories, sings songs with the child, watches TV with the child. It is observable that other family members are somewhat less included in educational activities, reading books, conversation. • Guardians with lower income, as well as guardians from the northern region, perform the mentioned activities with children to a lesser extent.
  • 34. 34 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Activities carried out with children– Guardians from Roma settlements During the last week did you, or any other member of your family do… Early childhood development - CARE WITHIN FAMILY Base: parents or guardians of children aged from 1 to 6 years (82% of target population) 25% 29% 29% 33% 38% 39% 41% 44% 49% 58% 68% 68% 73% 73% 84% 75% 71% 71% 67% 63% 61% 59% 56% 51% 42% 32% 32% 27% 27% 16% Sit with the child during the main meal Play with the child Praising the child Bathe the child, change diapers, etc.. Take the child to walk Feed the child or help him eat Talk with the child during the meal Sing songs with the child Watch TV with the child Tell stories to the child Draw with the child Teach child about spiritual or religious customs Together with child doing housework (such as cooking, repairs, cleaning, care for pets....) Spent time with the child in educational activities such as counting, naming things, drawing Read books or watched picture books with the child No / DK Yes Guardians from Roma settlements have less contact with children observed by all mentioned activities. • Guardians from Roma settlements spend particularly less time on education activities: reading, drawing, counting, telling stories... • It is interesting that the slightest difference between Roma children and children from general population is on praising the child, at least according to guardians’ words.
  • 35. 35 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Activities carried out with children – Family members 77% 75% 73% 73% 72% 73% 79% 68% 65% 82% 84% 80% 85% 78% 73% 46% 48% 43% 54% 57% 39% 40% 40% 62% 35% 46% 26% 59% 61% 36% Read books or watched picture books with the child Tell stories to the child Sing songs with the child Take the child to walk Play with the child Spent time with the child in educational activities Together with child doing housework Teach child about spiritual or religious customs Draw with the child Sit with the child during the main meal Feed the child or help him eat Talk with the child during the meal Bathe the child, change diapers, etc.. Praising the child Watch TV with the child Mother Father Grandmother Sister Brother Grandfather Someone else Which family members took part in that activities: Early childhood development - CARE WITHIN FAMILY Multiple answers; Base: parents or guardians of children aged from 1 to 6 years - if during the last week someone took part in that activitie On average, about ¾ of mothers, about ½ of fathers and about ¼ of grandmothers perform the mentioned activities. Mothers bathe the child and assist with meals somewhat above average. Fathers take somewhat lesser part in educational activities, while they play with the child more, praise the child, watch TV together, go for walks … • In Roma families, father is significantly less included in almost all activities with children, mothers as well, but to a lesser extent, while brothers and sisters take their role over . 51% 63% 66% 71% 55% 23% 79% 47% 18% 73% 68% 65% 69% 66% 51% 20% 25% 17% 24% 56% 60% 17% 32% 15% 39% 38% Total target population of guardians Population of guardians from Roma settlements
  • 36. 36 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Children’s activities – Average duration How many hours a day does your child spend in doing the following activities? – Average Early childhood development - CARE WITHIN FAMILY Average; Base: those who participate in the following activities During the day, according to guardians, children spend most time sleeping –11,6 hours on average, 6,1 hours in the nursery. Playing with other children spend they 2,3 hours on average, playing alone 2,1 hours, and playing with adults 1,9 hours. They spend 1,6 hours watching TV, 1,3 hours in educational activities, a 1,1 hours in sports activities. Feeding takes 1,8 hours, and walking 2 hours. • On average, Roma children spend more time playing with other children and alone, they spend the same amount of time watching TV as do children from general population, while they spend less time in sleeping and being in a nursery. 11.6 6.1 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.6 1.3 1.1 1.0 10.9 3.3 3.4 3.2 2.0 2.0 2.1 1.8 1.7 1.4 1.4 Sleeping Stay in kindergarten Playing with other children Playing alone Walking Playing with adults Eating Watching TV Educational activities Sports activities (training) Household duties General population Roma from Roma settlements
  • 37. 37 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Home activities In which household activities do you include your child? Early childhood development - CARE WITHIN FAMILY Multiple answers; Base: parents or guardians of children aged from 1 to 6 years (82% of target population) Guardians mainly include children 1 to 6 years old in the following household activities: making the bed (43%), shopping (32%), cleaning (12%), cooking (4%) and washing (3%). 43% 32% 12% 4% 3% 26% 19% 29% 28% 4% 2% 37% Making the bed Shopping Cleaning Cooking Washing Other General population Roma from Roma settlements
  • 38. 38 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Father’s participation in upbringing of children In your opinion, how important is it that father takes part in child breeding? Early childhood development - CARE WITHIN FAMILY Base: if respondent is not father (91% of target population) 2% 1% 3% 3% 92% 10% 82% Completely unimportant 2 Sum - 3 Sum + 4 Very important 92% of guardians think that father’s participation in upbringing of children is important, while even 82% think that it is very important. • Guardians from Roma settlements perceive father’s importance in upbringing of children far more rarely – only 2/3 think that father’s role is important. 5% 9% 14% 17% 66% 22% 45% Completely unimportant 2 Sum - 3 Sum + 4 Very important Total target population of guardians Population of guardians from Roma settlements
  • 39. 39 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Children’s questions Children often ask numerous questions. How often do you answer the questions which your child asks? Early childhood development - CARE WITHIN FAMILY Base: parents or guardians of children aged from 1 to 6 years (82% of target population) 69% 20% 5% 2% 2% Always Almost always Sometimes From time to time Almost never 69% of guardians of children 1 to 6 years old say that they always answer children’s questions, 20% almost always and 5% say that they answer sometimes. • Roma guardians answer children’s questions far more rarely – only 38% say that they answer always, and even 8% say that they answer almost never (relative to 2% in general population of guardians). Total target population of guardians Population of guardians from Roma settlements 38% 15% 17% 18% 8% Always Almost always Sometimes From time to time Almost never
  • 40. 40 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Children’s questions – reasons for non-responding What are the most frequent reasons why you don't answer, or occasionally answer the questions which your child asks you? Early childhood development - CARE WITHIN FAMILY Multiple answers; Base: parents or guardians of children aged from 1 to 6 years - those who don’t answer always the questions which child asks (25% of target population) As the most frequent reason why they don’t answer children’s questions, guardians say that they are too tired, that they don’t understand the question, that they don’t know the answer, that they have no time, that these questions can’t be answered. • Roma guardians mainly say that there is no need for them to answer (23% of guardians), while this answer occurs in 8% of cases in general population. 28% 20% 20% 13% 8% 12% 7% 15% 19% 15% 15% 23% 12% 1% I am mainly too tired I usually don`t have the answer, don't know the answer to this question I usually don`t understand the question I don`t have time, I am too busy This is not necessary This question can not be answered Maybe I watch TV; read, chat with someone General population Roma from Roma settlements
  • 41. 41 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Reaction to child’s crying What do you usually do when your child is crying, although it is neither hungry nor wet? Early childhood development - CARE WITHIN FAMILY Base: Total target population of guardians When a child cries (being neither hungry nor wet), the largest number of guardians do something of the following: try to understand why (32%), take the child in one’s arms (28%), talk to the child (23%). • Roma guardians say that they try to understand why the child is crying and to talk to him more rarely than guardians from general population do, while they more frequently ignore or feed the child. 32% 28% 23% 6% 5% 3% 1% 0% 1% 15% 26% 12% 8% 8% 11% 10% 8% I try to understand why he/she is crying I take him/her in my arms instantly I talk to the child I give him/her toys I rock him/her I ignore him/her I feed him/her I shout at him/her, I tell him/her to shut up I make him/her embarrassed in some way General population Roma from Roma settlements
  • 42. 42 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Reaction to positive child’s acts In what way do you usually praise your child’s positive acts? Early childhood development - CARE WITHIN FAMILY Base: parents or guardians of children aged from 1 to 6 years (82% of target population) Guardians mainly praise positive acts of their children either verbally (words) – 45%, or physically (hugging, kissing) – 42% of guardians. 12% mention material reward (candy, food, prize). • 7% of Roma guardians say that they never praise their children’s positive acts, while this answer almost never occurs in general population of guardians! 45% 42% 12% 0% 46% 41% 6% 7% Verbally (with words) Physically (I hug and kiss him/her) I give something to him/her (like a candy, food, prize) No way General population Roma from Roma settlements
  • 43. 43 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Moral principles and punishing 86% 7% 3% 87% 9% 3% Mother Father Other family members General population Roma from Roma settlements In your family, who mostly teaches your child what is good and what is bad? Early childhood development - CARE WITHIN FAMILY Base: Total target population of guardians It is mother’s responsibility to teach a child his/her first moral principles, i.e. what’s good, what’s bad – this is mother’s responsibility in 86% of cases. Fathers do this in only 7% of cases, and other family members even more rarely. Although mother is mainly the one who punishes (69%), this role is, however, taken by a higher percentage of fathers (21%). • In Roma families, fathers are significantly more frequently those who punish – in 39% of cases. 70% 21% 4% 55% 39% 5% Mother Father Other family members General population Roma from Roma settlements Who usually punishes … Base: Total target population of guardians
  • 44. 44 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Reaction to inappropriate child’s acts When your child does something that you think he/she shouldn’t do, what do you usually do? Early childhood development - CARE WITHIN FAMILY Multiple answers ; Base: Total target population of guardians When a child does something considered inadequate, guardians say that they mainly say „no“ and try to explain why it shouldn’t be done (this is the answer of 54% of guardians). Other answers occur frequently as well: I say „no“ and expect the child to obey (22%), I distract him/her with some other activity (18%), I put things out of his/her reach (13%), I slap him/her on the hand when he/she touches something forbidden (12%). • In Roma families, children are much more rarely explained why they shouldn’t do something (only 10% of guardians), while the following answers occur much more frequently: I slap him/her on the hand when he/she touches something forbidden (37%), I shout at him/her (26%) and I ignore him/her (9%). 54% 22% 12% 18% 13% 6% 9% 4% 4% 2% 10% 17% 37% 3% 6% 26% 7% 7% 1% 9% I say „no“ and I explain why I say „no“ and I expect him/her to obey I hit him/her on the hand when he/she touches something I distract him/her with something I place things out of his/her reach I shout at him/her I limit his/her moving I make the child sit down or go to the other room and be alone there I take him/her somewhere Nothing – I ignore him/her General population Roma from Roma settlements
  • 45. 45 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Physical punishing Children sometimes behave nicely, while other times they misbehave. How many times during last week did you have to hit your child (if you did at all)? Early childhood development - CARE WITHIN FAMILY Base: Total target population of guardians 55% of guardians say that they had to hit their child at least once during the past week. 8% of guardians hit the child 3 and more times. • Over then ¾ (78%) of Roma guardians say that they had to hit their child during the past week. Almost 1/3 (31%) say that they hit their child 3 and more times. 45% 7% 36% 6% 2% 22% 15% 28% 14% 17% 0 1 2 3 4+ General population Roma from Roma settlements
  • 46. 46 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Need for physical punishing Please evaluate with a grade from 1 to 5 how necessary physical punishing of children is, as a part of upbringing? Early childhood development - CARE WITHIN FAMILY Base: Total target population of guardians 56% 21% 77% 12% 9% 5% 3% 2% Completely unnecessary 2 Sum - 3 Sum + 4 Very necessary DK-Ref 77% 64% 76% 82% 84% 75% 73% 67% 66% 80% 91% 66% 85% 77% 25% 9% 19% 8% 8% 4% 10% 9% 17% 13% 6% 5% 11% 6% 10% 32% Total Elementary or less Secondary College or University Both employed Only father employed Only mother employed Both unemployed Up to 100 eur 101-200 eur Over 200 eur North Center South Roma from Roma settlements Stratum Sum - Sum + EducationEmploymentIncome 77% of guardians think that physical punishing is not necessary while raising children. 56% think that it is not necessary at all. 9% think that it is necessary. • Physical punishing is more frequently considered necessary by guardians with lower education, unemployed, those with lower income, members of multimember families, residents of the northern region, but also parents of children 3 to 6 years old. • Only ¼ of Roma guardians think that physical punishing is not necessary when raising children, while 1/3 think that it is necessary. Others don’t have an attitude.
  • 47. 47 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Sources of information about upbringing of children 53% 33% 20% 10% 6% 5% 3% 3% 2% 28% 37% 21% 12% 0% 1% 1% 1% 60% Family Friends Doctors, nurses Magazines Books Psychologists, pedagogues Brochures TV Internet I don’t get informed about raising childrena General population Roma from Roma settlements Books: Moja beba, Šta da očekujete dok…, Mala knjiga o velikim roditeljima, Vaše dijete i Vi, Savršeno roditeljstvo, Korak po korak Magazines: Moja beba, Moje dijete, Majka i dijete, Mama, Lepota i zdravlje, Zdravlje i ljepota… TV stations: RTCG i Pnik, programs: Morning program, Educational program, programs about children on RTS-u, Bubamara, Biljana za vas on Pinku, Binky Bill on IN, Replika, Ključ… Informative websites : www.mojabeba.com, www.yumama.com, www.bebac.com . Those who mention brochures, say that they got them in the hospital, primary healthcare centers, maternity clinic … Books: Moja beba, Šta da očekujete dok…, Mala knjiga o velikim roditeljima, Vaše dijete i Vi, Savršeno roditeljstvo, Korak po korak Magazines: Moja beba, Moje dijete, Majka i dijete, Mama, Lepota i zdravlje, Zdravlje i ljepota… TV stations: RTCG i Pnik, programs: Morning program, Educational program, programs about children on RTS-u, Bubamara, Biljana za vas on Pinku, Binky Bill on IN, Replika, Ključ… Informative websites : www.mojabeba.com, www.yumama.com, www.bebac.com . Those who mention brochures, say that they got them in the hospital, primary healthcare centers, maternity clinic … Early childhood development - CARE WITHIN FAMILY In which ways do you get informed about raising children? Multiple answers ; Base: Total target population of guardians Guardians say that they get informed about child upbringing from their family (53%), friends (33%), doctors and midwives (20%), psychologists and pedagogues (5%). • 28% say that they don’t get informed about upbringing of children. • Magazines are mentioned by 10%, books 6%, brochures 3%, TV 3%, Internet 2%. • As for guardians of Roma children, 60% say that they don’t get informed about upbringing of children.
  • 48. 48 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Guardians’ interest in information about upbringing of children What is it about raising children that you would like to be more informed about? Early childhood development - CARE WITHIN FAMILY Multiple answers ; Base: Total target population of guardians Guardians would like to be provided more information about upbringing of children on the following topics: proper feeding and supplemental feeding, prevention and child diseases, periods of child development – mental and physical, learning and education, socialization, adoption of value system, child behavior and disobedience, setting limitations – flexible or strict attitude, relationship between children and parents, puberty, development of work habits, protection from negative influence of the surrounding… Typical statements: “How to raise it properly without too much punishing.” “How not to spoil the child, and also not be too strict.” “Selection of true values during upbringing and making a man out of a child.” “Proper nutrition, child’s health, how to raise the child properly.” “How to establish the best communication with the child.” “How to keep it on the right track during puberty.’ “How to isolate the child from negative influences (of other children).” “Developmental periods by years and what to pay attention to.” “How to raise the child to be a good person.” “How to protect children from viruses and colds.”
  • 49. StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania HYGIENE
  • 50. 50 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Washing hands Washing hands - How frequently does your child (independently or with your help) perform the following activities? Early childhood development - HYGIENE Base: Total target population of guardians 22% 69% 93% 98% 98% 25% 10% 7% 2% 1% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 38% 14% 0% 0% 0% 14% 7% 0% 0% 0% 0 - 6 m 6 m - 1 y 1 - 2 y 2 - 3 y 3 - 6 y Childage Several times a day Once a day Several times a week Never DK-Ref 87% 47% 5% 33% 0% 10% 1% 1% 2% 5% 4% General population Roma from Roma settlements Several times a day Once a day Several times a week Once a week Several times a month Once a month and more rarely Never The highest percentage of guardians – 87%, says that children wash their hands several times a day (independently or with their help). 5% say that they wash hands once a day and 5% say that they never wash hands and these are only children under 12 months. • Among Roma children, percentage of children who wash hands several times a day is significantly lower – only 47%. Another 33% wash hands once a day, 10% wash hands several times a week or more rarely. General population
  • 51. 51 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Brushing teeth Brushing teeth - How frequently does your child (independently or with your help) perform the following activities? Early childhood development - HYGIENE Base: Total target population of guardians 2% 3% 22% 43% 54% 2% 14% 35% 35% 39% 0% 6% 4% 5% 4% 75% 62% 35% 15% 3% 0 - 6 m 6 m - 1 y 1 - 2 y 2 - 3 y 3 - 6 y Childage Several times a day Once a day Several times a week Never 38% 5% 32% 29% 4% 14% 1% 9% 0% 4% 0% 7% 21% 30% General population Roma from Roma settlements Several times a day Once a day Several times a week Once a week Several times a month Once a month and more rarely Never General population 38% of guardians say that children brush their teeth several times a day (independently or with their help). 32% say that they brush teeth once a day and 21% never brush their teeth. • Percentage of children who brush their teeth is somewhat lower among Roma children – 48% brush their teeth at least several times a week, while 30% of children under 6 years of age never brush their teeth. Frequency of teeth brushing rises with child’s age. 23% of children who are 6 to 12 months old brush teeth at least a few times a week, while this percentage is 61% during the second year of life. With 3 years, already 93% of children brush teeth at least once a day, in their guardians’ words.
  • 52. 52 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Bathing Bathing - How frequently does your child (independently or with your help) perform the following activities? Early childhood development - HYGIENE Base: Total target population of guardians 16% 16% 19% 17% 6% 22% 18% 50% 38% 56% 70% 33% 52% 70% 26% 37% 19% 9% 53% 16% 11% 6% 9% 4% 0% 6% 7% 1% Total Up to 100 eur 101-200 eur Over 200 eur North Center South Stratum Several times a day Once a day Several times a week Once a week Income Children usually bathe once a day – this is the answer of ½ of guardians. 16% bathe their children several times a day, 26% several times a week. • In Roma families, 31% of children are bathed once a week. 52% of Roma guardians bathe children more frequently than that, while 16% say that they bathe children more rarely than once a week, compared with 1% of such cases in general population. 16% 8% 50% 30% 26% 14% 6% 31% 11% 1% 1% General population Roma from Roma settlements Several times a day Once a day Several times a week Once a week Several times a month Never General population Children are bathed somewhat less frequently by guardians who are unemployed, who have lower income, residents of the northern region, those living in households with several children.
  • 53. 53 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Changing underwear Changing underwear - How frequently does your child (independently or with your help) perform the following activities? Early childhood development - HYGIENE Base: Total target population of guardians 80% 82% 51% 35% 29% 3% 9% 41% 52% 58% 1% 2% 5% 10% 13% 8% 4% 0% 1% 0% 0 - 6 m 6 m - 1 y 1 - 2 y 2 - 3 y 3 - 6 y Childage Several times a day Once a day Several times a week Never Guardians say that they change their children’s underwear several times a day – 42%, or once a day – 45%. • Guardians from Roma settlements change their children’s underwear somewhat more rarely – 14% say that they do it several times a day, and even 1/3 do it once a week and more rarely, while this percentage is less than 1% in general population! Frequency is significantly higher among children under 12 months of age – even 80% of guardians of children younger than 12 months say that they change underwear several times a day. In the fourth year, frequency is decreased and 58% of guardians change their children’s underwear once a day. 42% 14% 45% 39% 9% 13% 1% 19% 9% 6% General population Roma from Roma settlements Several times a day Once a day Several times a week Once a week Several times a month Once a month and more rarely
  • 54. StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania INJURY PREVENTION
  • 55. 55 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Injury intervention – alterations in the house/apartment Have you made any alterations to make your home a safer environment for your child? Early childhood development - INJURY PREVENTION Base: Total target population of guardians Yes 36% No 64% Yes 18% No 82% Total target population of guardians Population of guardians from Roma settlements 36% of guardians say that they have made some alterations to make their home a safer environment for their child. • This percentage is significantly lower in Roma population – only 18%.
  • 56. 56 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Injury prevention – alterations in the house/apartment What have you done to make your home a safer environment for your child? Early childhood development - INJURY PREVENTION Multiple answers ; Base: Those who made any alterations to make their home a safer environment for their child (36% of target population) The most frequently mentioned alterations are: removing of small, fragile and sharp things (25%), removal of some parts of furniture (14% of guardians who made alterations), rearrangement of furniture, protection of wall sockets, placing a fence on stairs and balcony, protection of sharp edges and corners. There are also answers like: no smoking indoors, placing carpets on the floor, protection of doors and windows, closing down of some rooms and rearranging one room into child’s room. Typical statements: “We changed the door and put a locker on”. “We protected the wall sockets, we removed excessive furniture”. “There are no corners, balconies are secured, range is moved to the balcony”. “We removed sharp objects, we put a fence on the stairs”. “We removed souvenirs and put other breakable objects out of the child’s reach”. “We set up obstacles in front of cupboards, we covered wall sockets, we hid dangerous objects”. “We secured corners and sources of electricity, balconies and low windows”. “We secured sharp corners, wall sockets, range, stove and everything necessary”. “We have separate room for playing, with only toys and soft furniture”. “We locked the balcony door and rearranged furniture, we made free space bigger”.
  • 57. 57 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Injury prevention – Car ride What kind of safety precautions do you undertake when your child is in the car with you? Early childhood development - INJURY PREVENTION Multiple answers ; Base: Total target population of guardians 53% 29% 22% 15% 8% 4% 4% Child sits on the rear seat We use a car seat for children We lock doors and windows We fasten the safety belt We don’t drive the child in a car We undertake no safety precautions Other 58% 54% 45% 17% 35% 32% 24% 19% 22% 8% 16% 23% 8% 2% 21% North Center South Stratum Child sits on the rear seat We use a car seat for children We lock doors and windows We fasten the safety belt We don’t drive the child in a car During car ride, the largest number of guardians say that the safety measure they undertake is putting a child at the back seat (more frequently older children), then using a baby car seat (29% - more frequently children up to 12 months of age), locking doors and windows (22%), fastening child’s seat belt (15%). • Baby car seat is used increasingly by educated parents, with higher household income, residents of the central region. • 12% of guardians from general population say that they don’t have a car or that they undertake no safety measures. This is the answer of 70% of guardians from Roma settlements.
  • 58. StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania HEALTHCARE
  • 59. 59 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Healthcare of sick children 74% 69% 20% 15% 2% 8% 2% 1% General population Roma from Roma settlements Mother Both parents Grandparents Father Who usually takes care of your child when he/she is sick? Early childhood development - HEALTHCARE Base: Total target population of guardians When a child is sick, mother usually takes care of it – in 74% of cases. Both parents take care of the child in 20% of cases. Grandparents appear in only 2 % of cases, somewhat more frequently among guardians from Roma settlements – 8% of cases. On the question What do you usually do when your child is sick? are great differences recorded between general population of Montenegro and population from Roma settlements. Namely, 91% of guardians from general population take the child to a healthcare center – consult a pediatrician, while only ½ of Roma guardians do. • While other answers appear very rarely in the general population of guardians, guardians from Roma settlements say that they talk to relatives or friends who also have children when their child is sick (19%), they use remedies they buy in a pharmacy (16%), they use domestic remedies (14%). 91% 50% 6% 16% 2% 19% 1% 14% General population Roma from Roma settlements I take it to a healthcare center – I consult a pediatrician I use remedies that I buy in a pharmacy I talk to relatives or friends who also have children I use domestic remedies What do you usually do when your child is sick? Base: Total target population of guardians
  • 60. StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES
  • 61. 61 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Children with disabilities - awareness 4% 13% 97% 87% General population Roma from Roma settlements Yes No Do you have or are you taking care of a child with special needs, a child with disabilities? Early childhood development - CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES Base: Total target population of guardians 4% of guardians in general population say that they have or are taking care of a child with special needs, with a disability. This percent is significantly higher in Roma population – even 13%. Almost 1/3 of other respondents know a family with a child with disability. 30% 24% 65% 75% 5% 2% General population Roma from Roma settlements Yes No DK-Ref Do you know any family with a handicapped child? Base: Those who don't have or are not taking care of a child with special needs (96% of target population)
  • 62. 62 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Children with disabilities – social distance 22% 21% 78% 79% General population Roma from Roma settlements Yes No Would you object to a handicapped child attending the same nursery as you child attends? Early childhood development - CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES Base: Those who don't have or are not taking care of a child with special needs (96% of target population) Even 22% of those who don’t have a child with disability object to a handicapped child attending the same nursery as their child does. • The most frequently mentioned reason for objecting is that guardians think that such children need special attention, so teachers would have less time for other children – this reason is mentioned by even 2/3 of guardians. Additionally, almost half of guardians say that such children should attend special nurseries. Smaller percentage of guardians says that their child might get scared (15%) or feel uncomfortable (13%). • There are no significant differences on this question between guardians from general population and guardians from Roma settlements. Can you please tell me the reasons for your objection? Multiple answers; Base: Those who would not object to a handicapped child attending the same nursery as their child does (21% of target population) 66% 47% 15% 13% 4% 38% 27% 9% 6% 24% That child should be paid more attention to, so teachers would have less time for other children Such children should attend special nurseries Perhaps my child would be scared Perhaps my child would be uncomfortable DK-Ref General population Roma from Roma settlements
  • 63. 63 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Children with disabilities and special nurseries Do you think that handicapped children should attend special nurseries? Early childhood development - CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES Base: Total target population of guardians 45% 46% 55% 54% General population Roma from Roma settlements Yes No When asked directly whether they think that children with disability should attend special nurseries, almost ½ or even 46% of guardians think they should. • There are no greater differences among answers by the tested characteristics of guardians. Why they should attend special nurseries? Multiple answers; Base: Those who think that handicapped children should attend special nurseries (45% of target population) The most frequently given spontaneous answer why these children should attend special nurseries is that these children need special care and attention (40%). Some guardians also say that these children would feel much better and more pleasant there, that they would have similar children around them, that their progress would be faster, that they would have adequate and better conditions there. Typical statements: „Since there are experts there who are trained for dealing with their problems.” “They need special attention. Nursery has to be adapted to their needs, not vice a versa. They are sick children after all.” “I think that other children would be neglected. The same teacher can’t pay attention to both of these children.” “I don’t think that they would fit in with other children. They can’t understand each other in that period of life.” “Not to get complexes. Perhaps they would feel neglected if other children ignored tem.” “Because they behave in a special way that I don’t want to be transferred to my child. My child might imitate moves of such children.”
  • 64. 64 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Prejudice about children with disabilities In case you child and a handicapped child attended the same nursery, do you think that .... Early childhood development - CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES 68% 60% 59% 62% 15% 12% 15% 14% 15% 59% A child with disabilities would have a negative influence on your child Your child would be scared Your child be uncomfortable Your child would be provided with less care As a grown-up, your child would be more tolerant towards handicapped people No Yes About 15% of guardians think that their children would feel uncomfortable with these children, that they would be scared, that they would get less attention, and even 12% think that a child with disability would have negative influence on their child. On the other hand, majority of guardians (59%) think that their child would become an adult more tolerant towards people with disabilities in case it attended the same nursery with such children! • Guardians with lower family income show higher degree of negative attitude towards children with disability, while guardians from the central region have less negative attitude. • There is no difference between guardians from general population and guardians from Roma settlements.
  • 65. StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION AND READINESS FOR SCHOOL
  • 66. 66 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Guarding children In your opinion, which solution is the best in terms of guarding your children? Early childhood development - PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION AND READINESS FOR SCHOOL Base: Total target population of guardians 53% 25% 13% 2% 5% Attending a public nursery Grandparents baby-sitting Attending a private nurser Having a baby- sitter Other When guardians are asked about the way their child should spend preschool time, 53% think that it should be attending public nursery. 25% think that child should be guarded by grandparents, 13% that it should attend private nursery and 2% that it should be guarded by a nanny. • The largest percentage of Roma guardians think that it is best for the child to be guarded by grandparents – 44%! 36% that public nurseries are the best, 2% private nurseries and 3% nanny. 36% 44% 2% 3% 12% Attending a public nursery Grandparents baby-sitting Attending a private nurser Having a baby- sitter Other Total target population if guardians Population of guardians from Roma settlements
  • 67. 67 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Importance of attending nursery for child development 5% 3% 4% 17% 7% 4% 1% 21% 3% 8% 1% 7% 2% 8% 78% 80% 74% 92% 77% 81% 81% 82% 61% 80% 76% 88% 62% 79% 77% Total Both employed Only father employed Only mother employed Both unemployed Up to 100 eur 101-200 eur Over 200 eur Male Female North Center South Urban Other Stratum Sum - Sum + GenderEmploymentIncome Type of settlement Please rate with a grade from 1 to 5 how important it is for your child’s development to attend a nursery? Early childhood development - PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION AND READINESS FOR SCHOOL Base: Total target population of guardians 78% of guardians think that it important for a child to attend a nursery, and over ½, i.e. 54% think that it is very important. • Nursery is considered somewhat more important by guardians of male children, mothers when they are the only ones employed in the family, guardians from households with higher income, female guardians, residents of central regions and urban areas. • Only 44% of guardians from Roma settlements think that it is important for a child to attend a nursery. Even 37% think that it is not important, relative to only 4% in general population. 3% 22% 2% 15% 5% 37% 16% 19% 78% 44% 24% 22% 54% 22% General population Roma from Roma settlements Completely unimportant 2 Sum - 3 Sum + 4 Very important Total target population of guardians
  • 68. 68 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Reasons why it is necessary to attend nursery In your opinion, what are the main reasons why a child should attend a nursery? Early childhood development - PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION AND READINESS FOR SCHOOL Multiple answers ; Base: Total target population of guardians 83% 41% 29% 26% 2% 1% Socializing with peers A child learns how to share with others A child learns how to play Child is on safe place Other DK-Ref As the main reasons why a child should attend a nursery, guardians mention socializing with peers (83%), learning to share with others (41%), learning how to play (29%), and they also say that a child is safe there (26%).
  • 69. 69 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Characteristics of a good nursery Please name three most important characteristics of a good nursery? Early childhood development - PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION AND READINESS FOR SCHOOL Multiple answers ; Base: Total target population of guardians 63% 59% 46% 41% 40% 15% 14% Good equipment (sufficient number of rooms, enough toys, illuminated and warm spaces) Safety of children Quality food Good teachers Quality program for work with children Flexible working hours Sufficient number of teachers When guardians are asked to name three most important characteristics of a good nursery, they mainly say: good equipment (sufficient number of rooms, enough toys, illuminated and warm spaces) – 63% of guardians and security of children (59%). • 46% spontaneously mention quality food, 41% good teachers. 40% mention quality program for working with children. Flexible working hours and sufficient number of teachers appear to be somewhat less important characteristics (spontaneously mentioned by less than 15% of guardians). • ¼ of guardians from Roma settlements can’t name any characteristics of a good nursery.
  • 70. 70 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Characteristics of a good nursery teacher Which should be the characteristics of a good kindergarten or nursery teacher? Early childhood development - PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION AND READINESS FOR SCHOOL Multiple answers ; Base: Total target population of guardians 74% 55% 53% 31% 1% Responsible, professional To like children Patient Gentle Other When asked about characteristics of a good kindergarten or nursery teacher, ¾ of guardians say that it should be responsible and professional. More than half of respondents (55%) think that teacher should like the children and be patient (53%). 1/3 think that she/he should be gentle. • 15% of guardians from Roma settlements can’t name characteristics of a good nursery teacher.
  • 71. StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania INCLUSION OF RAE CHILDREN
  • 72. 72 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Children’s rights – The right of children on free and quality education 93% 66% 6% 14% 0% 20% General population Roma from Roma settlements Yes No DK-Ref In your opinion, are all children equally entitled to free and quality education? Early childhood development - INCLUSION OF RAE CHILDREN Base: Total target population of guardians When guardians are asked whether they think that all children are equally entitled to free and quality education, 93% of them say yes. • Somewhat higher percentage of negative answers is recorded in the central region – even 12% say no. Since the question did not refer to whether it should be so, but it referred to the real situation, we assume that guardians gave negative answers because they were aware of certain forms of discrimination. • Among guardians from Roma settlements, only 66% give positive answer. 20% are not sure, but 14% give negative answer. 96% 88% 100% 3% 12% 0% North Center South Yes No
  • 73. 73 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Social distance from RAE children Would you object to a RAE child attending the same nursery that your child attends? Early childhood development - INCLUSION OF RAE CHILDREN Base: Total target population of guardians Yes 12% No 88% 21% 10% 4% 79% 90% 96% North Center South Stratum Yes No Even 12% of guardians would be against Roma children attending the same nursery as their child does. • This answer is especially present in the northern region, where even 21% of guardians don’t want their children to attend the same nursery with Roma children! This distance is the least in the southern region – 4% of guardians give this answer. There are 10% of such guardians in the central region.
  • 74. 74 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Reasons for social distance from RAE children Please tell me the reasons for your objection? Early childhood development - INCLUSION OF RAE CHILDREN Multiple answers; Base: Those who would object to a RAE child attending the same nursery as their child does (12% of target population) 32% 22% 9% 7% 5% 4% 3% 32% Because of hygiene Because of upbringing Disorderly life, habits, behavior Differences, non-acceptance They need to be separated, to be with their own people Influence on other children Conditions they live in DK-Ref As the reason for this attitude, guardians primarily mention hygiene – 32%, the way Roma raise their children – 22%. There are also reasons like great cultural differences, unorganized life, bad habits, not being adapted, non-acceptance by other children and possibility of bad influence on their children. Typical statements: “Because of lack of hygiene among Roma. I think that they are too dirty – only because of that. It is their characteristic to have lice”. “Roma people are still in the streets here and I don’t think that it would be hygienic.” „Their children are brought up in a different way, I don’t want them to influence my child.” “Roma children don’t have basic upbringing and education. Ill behavior of these children would have very negative effect on our children.” “I don’t like my child hanging around with Roma children. They are dirty and rude.” “Their life is reckless and disorderly. They have to be separated from us as long s they stay like this.” “Because of different customs and upbringing in general.”
  • 75. 75 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Special nurseries for RAE children In your opinion, should RAE children attend special nurseries? Early childhood development - INCLUSION OF RAE CHILDREN Base: Total target population of guardians 21% 8% 2% 79% 92% 98% North Center South Stratum Yes No Accordingly, 11% of guardians think that Roma children should attend special nurseries. • This answer is more widespread in the northern region – 21%, and rarer in the southern – 2%. In the central region 8% of guardians think that Roma children should attend special nurseries. • Lesser distance is shown by guardians who are both employed (7%), as well as guardians with higher household income (3%). 11% 6% 90% 94% General population Roma from Roma settlements Yes No 6% of Roma guardians think that Roma children should attend special nurseries.
  • 76. 76 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Reasons for approving special nurseries for RAE children Please tell me why you think that they should attend special nurseries? Early childhood development - INCLUSION OF RAE CHILDREN Multiple answers; Base: Those who think that RAE children should attend special nurseries (11% of target population) 20% 19% 15% 14% 8% 8% 7% 7% 3% 3% 1% Because of upbringing Because of hygiene Differences, non-acceptance They need to be separated, to be with their own people Lagging behind in terms of education Because of specialized teachers They need special attention and care Disorderly life, habits, behavior Conditions they live in Lagging behind in terms of development Influence on other children As reasons for attending special nurseries, guardians mention hygiene again, the way of upbringing and raising children in Roma settlements, too great cultural differences, too extensive lagging behind of these children in terms of education and development. Some guardians say that these children need special attention and specialized teachers, as well as that these children wouldn’t be accepted by other children. Roma guardians who think that Roma children should attend special nurseries say that they need special care, that their children significantly lag behind other children in terms of education and that their children are usually not accepted by other children.
  • 77. StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania ADOPTION AND FOSTERING
  • 78. 78 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Assistance for guardians who have difficulties raising children In your opinion, who should help parents who are faced with problems related to raising their children? Early childhood development - ADOPTION AND FOSTERING Base: Total target population of guardians 47% 50% 45% 39% 41% 29% 5% 23% 12% North Center South Stratum Center for social work Family Pedagogues, psychologists 48% 60% 38% 34% 12% 4% General population Roma from Roma settlements Center for social work Family Pedagogues, psychologists 48 % of guardians spontaneously say that Center for social work is the first who should help parents who are faced with problems related to raising their children. 38% say that it is the family. 12% mention pedagogues and psychologists in educational facilities. • Guardians who are both employed, who have higher household income and who live in the southern region stress influence of pedagogue and psychologist to a greater extent, and influence of family to a lower extent. • Roma guardians mention pedagogues and psychologists as the first choice in only 4% of cases.
  • 79. 79 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Mechanisms of assistance for preventing abandoning of children by parents Which mechanisms, what kind of help might prevent abandoning children by parents? Early childhood development - ADOPTION AND FOSTERING Multiple answers ; Base: Total target population of guardians 53% 48% 33% 17% 1% 2% Financial help Help of Centers for social work Professional help (psychologist Advising pregnant woman Other DK-Ref As mechanisms and the kind of help which might prevent abandoning children by parents, guardians suggest primarily financial support – 53% of guardians, then assistance of Center for social work – 48%, professional help of a psychologist – 33%, advising pregnant women – 17%.
  • 80. 80 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Sustainer family Would you take a child to a sustainer family? Early childhood development - ADOPTION AND FOSTERING Base: Total target population of guardians When asked if they would take a child to a sustainer family, 43% of guardians say that they would, while 36% say that they wouldn’t. 21% of guardians are unsure. • Positive answers are provided more frequently by guardians from wealthier households, and guardians with better education. • 2/3 of Roma guardians would not be prepared to take a child into a sustainer family. 43% 19% 36% 65% 21% 16% General population Roma from Roma settlements Yes No Not sure
  • 81. 81 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Sustainer family Why wouldn’t you (not sure) take a child to a sustainer family? Early childhood development - ADOPTION AND FOSTERING Multiple answers ; Base: Those who wouldn’t (not sure) take a child to a sustainer family (57% of target population) 23% 17% 12% 8% 5% 5% 4% 2% 1% 1% 25% I have children/ I am planning to have children, more childr We have no conditions, possibilities Because of financial situation It's a great responsibility, risk, obligation They don't want to, they don't have the need, interests They wouldn't dare to, they are not ready, not capable They have responsibilities/ a job/ they don't have time Fear of inadequate fitting in a family Lack of housing space They would get too attached to the child DK-Ref As reasons for not taking a child in a sustainer family, guardians say that they already have children, or that they are planning more children (23% if guardians who wouldn’t take a child in a sustainer family), that they don’t have the conditions for it (17%), bad financial situation (12%). They also say that it is a great responsibility and obligation, that they don’t have the need for it, that they are not capable of it, that they have no time, lack of space. Some also fear that a new child might disturb functioning of family, as well as that they would get too attached to the child. The most common answer of Roma guardians is that they do not have possibilities (29%).
  • 82. 82 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Adoption of children Would you adopt a child? Early childhood development - ADOPTION AND FOSTERING Base: Total target population of guardians When asked whether they would adopt a child, 1/3 of guardians say that they would, while 1/2 say that they wouldn’t. 17% of guardians are not sure. • Again, positive answers are provided more frequently by guardians from wealthier households, guardians with better education, younger, with one child, residents of the central region. • 2/3 of Roma guardians would not be ready to adopt a child. 33% 17% 50% 68% 17% 15% General population Roma from Roma settlements Yes No DK-Ref
  • 83. 83 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Adoption of children Why wouldn’t you (not sure) adopt a child to a sustainer family? Early childhood development - ADOPTION AND FOSTERING Multiple answers; Base: Those who wouldn’t (not sure) adopt a child (67% of target population) 55% 9% 7% 6% 5% 4% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% I have children/ I am planning to have children, more children They don't want to, they don't have the need, interests We have no conditions, possibilities Because of financial situation It's a great responsibility, risk, obligation Fear of inherited characteristics/ someone else's child They wouldn't dare to, they are not ready, not capable They have responsibilities/ a job/ they don't have time Fear of inadequate fitting in a family Perhaps difference might be felt, different relationship If the child were abandoned, without anyone As reasons for not adopting a child, guardians most frequently mention already having children or planning to have more children (55% of guardians who wouldn’t adopt a child). Answers are the same as answers to the question about taking a child to a sustainer family, but to a lower percentage. Some guardians also mentioned fear of inherited unknown characteristics of biological parents, as well as fear that different attitude towards children might be sensed.
  • 84. 84 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Homes for children without parental care in Montenegro - conditions In your opinion, are children institutionalized in homes for children without parental care in Montenegro brought up in good conditions? Early childhood development - ADOPTION AND FOSTERING Base: Total target population of guardians When asked: In your opinion, are children institutionalized in homes for children without parental care in Montenegro brought up in good conditions? the largest number of guardians, almost 2/3 , don’t know the answer. 22% think that conditions are adequate, while 15% think that they are not. • Negative answer is provided more frequently by better educated and younger guardians. • Far bigger percentage of Roma guardians think that these conditions are good – even 41% provide positive answer, while only 6% provide negative answer. 22% 41% 15% 6% 63% 53% General population Roma from Roma settlements Yes No Not sure
  • 85. 85 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Homes for children without parental care in Montenegro – visits and donations Have you ever visited any of the 6 homes for children without parental care in Montenegro? Early childhood development - ADOPTION AND FOSTERING Base: Total target population of guardians Yes 16%No 83% DK-Ref 1% Have you ever given a donation to any of the 6 homes for children without parental care in Montenegro? Base: Total target population of guardians Yes 22% No 77% DK-Ref 1% 83% of guardians admit that they have never visited any of the 6 homes for children without parental care in Montenegro. • Better educated guardians, employed, those with higher income, residents of the southern region and urban areas say that they have visited some of these homes to a higher percentage than others do. • Only 1,5% of Roma guardians say that they have visited some of these homes. More than ¾ or 77% of guardians have never given a donation to any of the 6 homes for children without parental care in Montenegro. • Better educated guardians, employed, those with higher income, residents of the southern region say that they have given a donation to some of these homes to a higher percentage than others do. • 2% of Roma guardians say that they have given a donation.
  • 86. StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania FINAL QUESTIONS
  • 87. 87 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Guardians’ biggest problems In your opinion, what is the main problem that parents in Montenegro are faced with in terms of upbringing of children (in the early phases of child development) Early childhood development - FINAL QUESTIONS Multiple answers ; Base: Total target population of guardians 84% 43% 21% 11% 11% Financial problems Value problems: how to teach a child true values Children’s health Quality of education in preschools Violence (in kindergardens, among children...) Guardians spontaneously mention the following as the main problems that parents in Montenegro are faced with in terms of upbringing of children (in the early phases of child development): • primarily financial problems – 84%, then • value problems: how to teach a child true values – 43% • children’s health – 21% • quality of education in nurseries – 11% • violence (in nurseries, between children...) – 11%. Roma guardians mention somewhat more frequently the problems related to violence in schools and nurseries, and somewhat more rarely problems related to values and children’s health.
  • 88. 88 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 What would guardians change if they could What would you change, if you could, regarding the way that you raise your child(ren)? Early childhood development - FINAL QUESTIONS Multiple answers ; Base: Total target population of guardians When asked What would you change, if you could, regarding the way that you raise your child(ren)?, ¾ of guardians say that they wouldn’t change anything. Other answers refer to improving of financial situation, more time they would spend with their children, more space for children, more attention paid to upbringing of children, change of environment for children, especially places where children play… Typical statements: “To have more free time to spend with my children than I do now”. “Better financial conditions, I would provide better housing conditions, better accommodation.” “I would change nutrition regime.” “To have more money to be able to afford everything for him.” “I would provide better living conditions, I would take them to travels, they would attend private nursery.” “To have been more consistent in punishing. Not to have spoilt him this much.” “I would like me and my husband to be employed and to be able to provide them better living conditions.” “Better conditions in schools, nurseries, in other institutions.” “More spaces with grass for playing.”
  • 89. StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania DEMOGRAPHY
  • 90. 90 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Education of mother and father Mother's education: Base: Population of mothers (98% of target population) 0% 6% 3% 2% 67% 2% 7% 13% Unfinished primary school Finished primary school Unfinished secondary school Unfinished secondary school, but has a trade Finished secondary school Unfinished faculty Finished college Finished faculty Father's education: Base: Population of fathers (93% of target population) 0% 3% 1% 2% 68% 2% 9% 15% Unfinished primary school Finished primary school Unfinished secondary school Unfinished secondary school, but has a trade Finished secondary school Unfinished faculty Finished college Finished faculty Early childhood development - DEMOGRAPHY
  • 91. 91 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Occupation of mother and father Mother's current occupation: Base: Population of mothers (98% of target population) 7% 21% 5% 1% 2% 3% 0% 1% 5% 0% 54% 2% Unskilled manual worker (blue collar) Highly qualified intellectual (lawyer, doctor, teacher…) Highly qualified intellectual who is self-employed (lawyer, doctor, Owns a bigger company, stockholder Earns in some other way Unemployed Father's current occupation: Base: Population of fathers (93% of target population) 22% 26% 5% 5% 2% 10% 1% 2% 16% 0% 12% Unskilled manual worker (blue collar) Highly qualified intellectual (lawyer, doctor, teacher…) Highly qualified intellectual who is self-employed (lawyer, doctor, Owns a bigger company, stockholder Earns in some other way Unemployed Early childhood development - DEMOGRAPHY
  • 92. 92 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Child gender and age Child gender Base: Total target population Male 52% Female 48% Child age Base: Total target population 0 - 6 m 10% 6 m - 1 y 9% 1 - 2 y 14% 2 - 3 y 13% 3 - 6 y 54% Early childhood development - DEMOGRAPHY
  • 93. 93 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Highest level of education of guardians Highest education of guardians Base: Total target population College or University 29% Secondary 67% Elementary or less 4% Guardians occupation Base: Total target population Both employed 38% Only father employed 43% Only mother employed 8% Both unemployed 11% Early childhood development - DEMOGRAPHY
  • 94. 94 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Income per household member HH income per HH member Base: Total target population Up to 100 eur 34% 101-200 eur 34% Over 200 eur 17% Refusal 15% Early childhood development - DEMOGRAPHY
  • 95. 95 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Gender and age of guardians Guardian gender Base: Total target population Male 9% Female 91% Guardian age Base: Total target population 16 - 25 18% 26 - 30 34% 31 - 35 26% >35 22% Early childhood development - DEMOGRAPHY
  • 96. 96 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Household size Household size Base: Total target population Up to 3 36% 4 29% 5 19% 6+ 16% Early childhood development - DEMOGRAPHY
  • 97. 97 StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania June 2009 Region and type of settlement Stratum Base: Total target population North 31% Center 46% South 23% Settlement type Base: Total target population City 62% Other 38% Early childhood development - DEMOGRAPHY
  • 98. StrategicPuls Group Serbia | Croatia | Slovenia | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Montenegro | Macedonia | Albania Thank you for your attention!

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