Inclusive education for children with disabilities in Montenegro
Inclusive Educationfor Children with Disabilities in Montenegro Inclusive Education for Children with Disabilities in CEE/CIS New York, February 2013
Pre-reform bottlenecks in inclusion of children with disability• Situation in 2002: →Outdated education system →Lack of inclusive classrooms and services for children with disabilities (e.g. day care centres for children with disabilities) →Stigma against children with disabilities (CwD) Sector reform 2
Inclusive education today• The Constitution guarantees the right to education under equal conditions• Law on education of children with special educational needs (SEN) harmonized with European legislation and the Resolution of the Council and the Ministers for Education of 31 May 1990• Education for all children• Children with special educational needs: children with disabilities (CwD), learning difficulties and disadvantages 3
Principles of inclusive education Child stays with his/her family Children exceptionally Individual referred to Inclusive development - resource centers principles educational (former special program schools) Parents as partners 4
Inclusive Education for children with disabilities in Montenegro → Inclusion into regular classes as first choice → Special classes in regular schools with joint teaching and activities in some subjects with peers in regular classes → Resource centre only if in the child’s best interest • Day care centres (for children with moderate, severe and combined disabilities) 5
Inclusive Education for children with disabilities in Montenegro• Commissions for orientation of children with special educational needs at the local level• Individual Development Educational Plan (IDEP)• Teaching assistants• Mobile teams to support regular schools 6
Orientation of children with special educational needs Increase in the number of children with special educational needs (SEN) with commissions decisions/referrals1200 11091000 960800 654600400 247200 0 2009 2010 2011 2012 - Dec 7
Resource centresResource centre: Decrease in the number of children with disabilities (CwD) in special educational institutions• Provides education if in 500 the child’s best interest; 450 443 400 405• Provides expert and 350 advisory support on a 300 specific disability to other 257 Number of CWD in 250 educational institutions; special educational institutions 200• Trains teachers who 150 educate children with 100 special educational needs. 50 0 2005/06 2008/09 2011/12 8
It’s about ability campaign - Montenegro’s Behaviour Change Campaign Promoting Inclusion of Children with Disability Campaign objective: Increase awareness of Montenegro’s general public on the rights of children with disabilitiesand stimulate inclusive attitudes and practices towards children with disabilities in the society
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