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They are

  1. 1. They are:>>maitim at kulot ang buhok>>makapal ang labi>>kayumanggi ang balatSAMPLE OF RIDDLES“Aeta,” “Ayta,” “Ita,” and “Ati” are believed by some to derive from the Malay“hitam,” meaning “black,” or its cognate in Philippine languages, “itom” and “itim.” Inreality, Aeta means “people.” Early ethnographic accounts on the Aeta (Blumentritt1882, published 1980; Worcester 1898; Bean 1910; Barrows 1910) referred to them asNegritos or Negrillos, meaning “little blacks.” This was due primarily to their skincolor, which is darker than that of the rest of the inhabitants of the Philippinearchipelago. They were believed to be the first settlers or aborigines of the Philippines,who were later driven away to the mountains and hinterlands by later migrants(Virchow 1899; Kroeber 1919; Krieger 1942; Beyer and de Veyra 1952).The Aeta are a dark-skinned people, short (average height: 1.35-1.5 meters), small offrame, kinky haired, snub nosed, and with big black eyes. The Aeta population todayconsists of some 30 different ethnolinguistic groups, numbering an estimated 30,000people. The Sierra Madre Agta in northeastern Luzon alone, with a total population of9,000, have 10 different languages (Headland 1993). Many Aeta adopted the languageof the lowlanders with whom they came in contact.
  2. 2. What is the bagobo tribe?Answer:Matatagpuan ang mga Bagobo sa mga baybayin ng gulpo ng Davao. Maputi sila, may matipunongpangangatawan at malapad na mukha. Kulay-mais ang kanilang buhok na may natural na kulot. Itimang kanilang mga mata na may bahagyang pagkasingkit. Sadyang inahit nang halos guhit na lamangang kilay ng mga Bagobo. Makapal ang kanilang labi at bilugan ang baba.Ang mga Bagobo ang unang pangkat na nadatnan ng mga Español sa Mindanao. Noong panahong iyon,nagkakalakalan na ang ibat ibang tribu ng Bagobo. Pangunahing ikinabubuhay nila ang pagsasakadahil na rin malapit ang kanilang panahanan sa pinagkukunan ng tubig. Pinagsasalit-salit nilang itanimang palay at mais. Walang malinaw na pagkakaiba ang mga Gawain ng babae at lalaking Bagobo.Kapwa naghihimay ng hibla ng abaka ang babae at lalaki gayundin ang paghabi ng basket.Napapangkat sa tatlo ang tradisyunal na lipunan ng mga Bagobo. Ang bayani ang mandirigma atang datu ang pinuno ng mga ito. Minamana ang pagiging datu. Pangunahing tungkulin ng datu angtumayong huwes, mag-ayos ng mga gulo at ipagtanggol ang tribu. Ang mga nabalian o paring babae angpangalawang uri sa lipunan. Sila ang matatandang babaing mahuhusay sa paghabi.First they came...From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia“First they came…” is a famous statement and provocative poem attributed to pastor Martin Niemöller (1892–1984) about the sloth of German intellectuals following the Nazis rise to power and the subsequent purging oftheir chosen targets, group after group. There is some disagreement over the exact wording of the quotationand when it was created; the content of the quotation may have been presented differently by Niemöller ondifferent occasions.[1]BAGOBO RIDDLESBy E . A r s e n io M a n u e lUniversity of the PhilippinesQuezon City, PhilippinesI. INTRODUCTION1 . The Background.
  3. 3. The bulk of the riddles in this collection was gathered duringan ethnographic field work among the upland Bagobo of north-western Davao province, Mindanao, during the period from Aprilto June 1956 made possible through a research grant given bythe Institute of Asian Studies, University of the Philippines.Later, Mr. Saddani Pagayaw, my guide and assistant, added moreriddles which have been duly incorporated in this compendium.*This paper, which is exploratory in intention, forms part ofa series of studies on Bagobo culture. An initial study on theBagobo folk epic Tuwaang, including text and translation intoEnglish of one complete song has already been published previ-ously.1 Another work that is being readied for publication is acollection of Bagobo folk tales, also one of the results of this fieldwork. This collection consists of thirty-six prose narratives in-cluding a genealogy of Tuwaang, the central figure of the epicjust mentioned and the culture hero of the Bagobo peopTAGBANUAng ibat ibang mga pangkat-etniko sa Pilipinas ay kinikilala ang kanilang sarili sa isa o higit pa na mgasalik katulad ng lipi, wika, relihiyon o sa isang magkatulad na kasaysayan. Binubuo ng malaking mayoryang populasyon ng pangkat na ninirahan sa kapatagan na Austranesyano, at naging Kristiyano mula sapagiging Animismo, Hinduismo, Budismo o Islam sa loob ng tatlong daang taon ng pananakop ng mgaKastila. Mula hilaga hanggang timog, ang pinakamarami sa mga pangkat na ito ay mga Ilokano, mgaPangasinense, mga Tagalog, mga Kapampangan, mga Bikolano, at mga Bisaya. Sinasabi minsan nabahagi ang mga pangkat na ito sa lahing Austranesyano at/o lahing Malay; bagaman, kadalasangtinuturing ng marami na walang batayang pang-aghamang guhit-balangkas na nakabatay sa lahi, lalo nadahil sa tinuturing na Pilipino ang mga Negrito sa Pilipina

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