Cloud Computing 21 September 2012 Unggul Sagena Technology Governance Tallinn University of Technology
What Is Cloud Computing● Cloud = Internet. The name comes from the use of a cloud-shaped symbol as an abstraction for the complex infrastructure it contains in system diagrams. Cloud computing entrusts remote services with a users data, software and computation.● Cloud is the use of computing resources (hardware and software) that are delivered as a service over a network (typically the Internet)● Cloud Computing" is the current trend and future computing model based on Internet. It is a new way of delivering IT services to customers called IaaS, PaaS, and SaaS where the hardware and software are no longer sold but rented just like utilities such as electricity, etc. All the users need is just a computer with browser, just like accessing Facebook, and all the rest of the hardware such as the server will be on the "Cloud" or somewhere out there at the vendor’s premises
3 Major Services Available on the Cloud● IAAS (Infrastructure As A Service): Businesses rent the hardware: processor and data storage. ● PAAS (Platform As A Service): Businesses rent the hardware, operating system, and development tool to run their own developed applications. ●SAAS (Software As A Service): Businesses rent everything namely hardware, operating system, and application software to run it just using a simple notebook with an internet browser. ● Other services terms such as : MaaS, CaaS, Xaas
Cloud Examples● SaaS : Public Email (Gmail, YahooMail, Hotmail, etc), social network (Facebook, Twitter, etc) and also Software through cloud (Office365, Adobe Creative Cloud, Google Docs/Drive, etc)● PaaS : Amazon Web Service, Windows Azure● IaaS : Amazon EC2, BizNet Cloud, TelkomCloud
What do you Use?● Email on the go Google, Yahoo● Online Storage Services Humyo, Microsoft SkyDrive, Amazon S3, Ubuntu One,● Working in Virtual Office (Collaboration of Software & Office Suite) Google Docs, Office Live, Adobe Cloud● Social Networking Google+, Facebook, etc
Typical Users of Cloud● Startups (cheap infrastructure, low investment)● Entertainment (highly scalable, temporary systems; think movie promotional campaigns)● Small businesses (similar motives to startups)● Enterprises (quick and cheap experimentation)● Consumers, Society (as users who demand high services, cheap payment, almost everywhere access and ease of use of the products and services)
Cloud Deployment● Public Cloud Public cloud applications, storage, and other resources are made available to the general public by a service provider. These services are free or offered on a pay-per-use model. Generally, public cloud service providers like Amazon AWS, Microsoft and Google own and operate the infrastructure and offer access only via Internet (direct connectivity is not offered● Private Cloud Private cloud is cloud infrastructure operated solely for a single organization, whether managed internally or by a third-party and hosted internally or externally.
Cloud Deployment● Hybrid Cloud Hybrid cloud is a composition of two or more clouds (private, community or public) that remain unique entities but are bound together, offering the benefits of multiple deployment models.● Community Cloud Community cloud shares infrastructure between several organizations from a specific community with common concerns (security, compliance, jurisdiction, etc.), whether managed internally or by a third-party and hosted internally or externally.
Cloud Impact● Advantages : Cost Efficient. Cheaper. Easy to Access. Easy to Manage. Environmental Aspect. ● Disadvantages : Security Issues. Infrastructure Issues. ● Key Points : Choosing Reliable Third Party Cloud Providers Business with cloud services become more efficient and thus profitable. Consumers will have fast, cheap, competitive services of a Cloud World ( Service Centric World) Event Cloud Maybe Can Saves Music Industry?
Cloud World ( a Service Centric World)● Cloud created 100,000 new IT jobs in 3 months http://www.nwcet.org/new-job-opportunities-flow-from-advanced-technolog● Cloud Computing is Converged Infrastructure and Shared Services →● Cloud computing relies on sharing of resources to achieve coherence and economies of scale similar to a utility (like the electricity grid) over a network● Cloud Computing as ICT technologies that represents an infrastructure revolution, moving infrastructure use from a capital expense to an operational expense and cutting the overall cost by at least 90 percent. http://pcworld.about.net/od/softwareservices/Who-s-Getting-ROI-From-Clo● Cloud Computing is part of Internet Infrastructure that playing role of globalization enabler and the ICT Paradigm that provides the opportunity of spaces fot the global development and ”golden era”
Once upon a time..● One bright morning in his home, Eddy awakened from sleep because of the noise he heard on the TV show that aired last night which he had been set to this morning.● While watching the show, He grab his smartphone to turn on the ignition of the car to heat it and set that 5 minutes later, the air condition in the car turned on in order to feel fresh when he got into the car.
● At the office, Eddy opened the bag and pulled out his tablet computer which is very light and thin to begin work. He also checked the job, email, and other ERP system (Enterprise Resource Planning) company and get the orders from his superiors for his official visit to a number of his best customers.● Eddy access the CRM system (Customer Relationship Management) company to obtain a list of 10 customers with the ”best sales history” data. Then he filled start and end dates of the itinerary and pointed with his finger the "Proceed" on the list.● Some time later he received a pop-up reminder of his system Calendar appointment with the customer that it has been set, tickets & hotel already booked, restaurant for dining already booked, and pick-up car is ready for his travelling days from the rental company. The he click "Confirm", and also click "Synchronize" to the Cloud Calendar, for his boss and his wife can easily see the status and position him during the trip.
● Then Eddy leave his office with an adjusted to the appointment that was approved by its customers.● After he completed visit 2 of his customer, he received a reminder pop up informing that the customer which is number 5 in the order-list of his visit was to ask him to change his schedule appointments for the next day. Eddy then click "Approved" for not to disappoint customer.● A few moments later he got a pop up notification of the accounting that the cost of lodging an additional 1 day has settled with the hotel, that his hotel has been extended one day, and from the car rental that car has been scheduled to the next day.
● At each end of the visit, Eddy always record the results through a computer tablet or smartphone so that his Boss could always follow the progress of the visits from time to time. Sometimes there are times when its customers ask to speak directly with his Boss via video conference.● After finished the trips, and successfully arrive at the Airport, Eddy opened the tablet computer and see a list of restaurants to dine later that evening with his wife and children. After finding the restaurant wants, Eddy start choosing what hour and where the location of the table he wants and select the menu ”food menu” and click "Proceed". Moments later, there is pop up notification from the restaurants that his order was received and the restaurant expecting his arrival with his family.