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United Nations Day Seminar
24 October 2013,UNCC Bangkok

Food Security and Human Development Report
Hiroyuki Konuma
FAO As...
World Population Trends
12000

2.50

10000

2.00

8000
1.50

6000

millions
1.00

4000

0.50

2000

0.00
1950
1955
1960
19...
Food Consumption Trends
(Kcal/person/day)
3500

3000

2500

2000

1500
1969/71

1979/81

1990/92

2005-07

2030

2050

Ind...
60% increase in food production needed by 2050
(77% increase, if developing countries only)

60

world

170

2005/072050
(...
Future Outlook Towards Year 2050
Can we increase food production by 60 %
(or 77% in developing countries) by 2050 to meet ...
Learning from the Human development
Report 2013
• Rising economic strength in the South, but
need for filling the gap , pr...
Learning from Brazilian experience
Zero Hunger Programme
• Pro-hunger, pro-poor policy ( eradicating hunger and
fighting p...
10
Presentation by Hiroyuki Konuma of FAO on “Rise of the South: Perspectives from Asia and the Pacific”
Presentation by Hiroyuki Konuma of FAO on “Rise of the South: Perspectives from Asia and the Pacific”
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Presentation by Hiroyuki Konuma of FAO on “Rise of the South: Perspectives from Asia and the Pacific”

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Presentation by Mr. Hiroyuki Konuma, Assistant Director-General and Regional Representative for Asia and the Pacific, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) during UN Day 2013 Seminar “Rise of the South: Perspectives from Asia and the Pacific”.

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  • At present, world is producing more than sufficient food to meet the needs of every one. Despite of this, the world is a home of 842 million undernourished people in 2011-13. The number of hungry people in the world remains unacceptably high. One in every eight people are suffering from chronic hunger. The vast majority of them (98%) live in developing countries (826 million people).Asia Region remains a home of nearly two thirds (63%) of the world total chronic hunger population, despite of its rapid economic growth.The benefit of economic growth was not equally shared among population in different economic status. In many cases, it benefitted the rich who could invest further, while the poor who did not have a capital or opportunities to invest were left behind, resulted in widening of disparity and social inequality.
  • Transcript of "Presentation by Hiroyuki Konuma of FAO on “Rise of the South: Perspectives from Asia and the Pacific”"

    1. 1. United Nations Day Seminar 24 October 2013,UNCC Bangkok Food Security and Human Development Report Hiroyuki Konuma FAO Assistant Director- General and Regional Representative for Asia and the Pacific
    2. 2. World Population Trends 12000 2.50 10000 2.00 8000 1.50 6000 millions 1.00 4000 0.50 2000 0.00 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 2045 2050 2055 2060 2065 2070 2075 2080 2085 2090 2095 2100 0 developed NothAfrica and the Middle East South Asia percentage annual growth rate (right scale) Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and Caribb Eastern Asia Source: UN, 2011 4
    3. 3. Food Consumption Trends (Kcal/person/day) 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1969/71 1979/81 1990/92 2005-07 2030 2050 Industrial countries Sub-Saharan Africa Near East-North Africa Latin America & Caribbean South Asia East Asia 5 Source: Alexandratos, 2011
    4. 4. 60% increase in food production needed by 2050 (77% increase, if developing countries only) 60 world 170 2005/072050 (projected) 77 developing countries 317 developed countries 19612005/07 (observed) 24 56 0 percent 100 200 300 400 Source: Bruinsma, 20116
    5. 5. Future Outlook Towards Year 2050 Can we increase food production by 60 % (or 77% in developing countries) by 2050 to meet the needs of growing population which would exceed 9 billion at that time? Yes! In principle ,we must Majority of it (91 %) has to come from existing arable land through agricultural research and yield increase, But…. many constrains and uncertainties 7
    6. 6. Learning from the Human development Report 2013 • Rising economic strength in the South, but need for filling the gap , promote equity and create safety nets • Promoting regional institutions to facilitate regional integration and S-S Cooperation • Building multi-stakeholder consultation mechanism, and just and fair Governance • Learning from the success of emerging economies in the South
    7. 7. Learning from Brazilian experience Zero Hunger Programme • Pro-hunger, pro-poor policy ( eradicating hunger and fighting poverty became key Govt. objectives and integrated in Brazil’s macroeconomic policy , and created a national food and nutrition security policy) • Increase in minimum wage, guarantee the right to land, promote gender equality, support to family farming production • Greater access to social security system, particularly to social welfare benefits and Family Grant programme, Food Card programme, Food Acquisition programme, etc. • Involvement of civil society and entrepreneurs
    8. 8. 10
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