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Steps In Educational Research
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Steps In Educational Research

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  • 1. Steps in Educational Research Undurthy Lakshmi Narayana Regional Institute of Education Bhopal, India Regional Institute of Education, Bhopal
  • 2. Regional Institute of Education, Bhopal Steps in Educational Research Planning Execution Reporting
  • 3. Regional Institute of Education, Bhopal Steps in Planning Research Problem Literature review Objectives Methodology Work plan Budget Utilization of results Proposal
  • 4. Questions to be asked
    • What is the problem and why is it to be studied?
    • What information is available?
    • Why do we want to carry out research? What do we hope to achieve?
    • What additional data we require to achieve our research objectives? How are we going to collect this information?
    • Who will do what and when?
    • What resources do we need to carry out study? What resources do we have?
    • How will project be administered? How will utilization of results be ensured?
    • How will we present our proposal to relevant authorities/funding agencies?
    Regional Institute of Education, Bhopal
  • 5. Steps to be taken
    • Selection, analysis and statement of the research problem
    • Literature review
    • Formulation of research objectives
    • Research Methodology
    • Work plan
    • Budget
    • Plan for project administration and utilization of results
    • Proposal summary
    Regional Institute of Education, Bhopal
  • 6. Elements in each step
    • Research problem
      • Problem identification
      • Prioritizing problems
      • Analysis
      • justification
    • Literature review
      • Literature
      • Research
      • Other information
    • Formulation of research objectives
      • General and specific objectives
      • Hypotheses
    Regional Institute of Education, Bhopal
  • 7. Elements in each step contd..
    • Research Methodology
      • Variables
      • Types of study
      • Data collection techniques
      • Sampling
      • Plan for data collection
      • Plan for data processing and analysis
      • Ethical considerations
      • Pre-test or pilot study
    Regional Institute of Education, Bhopal
  • 8. Elements in each step contd..
    • Work plan
      • Human resources
      • Time table
    • Budget
      • Material support and equipment
      • Finance
    • Plan for project administration and utilization of results
      • Administration
      • Monitoring
      • Identification of potential users
    • Proposal summary
      • Briefing sessions
      • Presentations
    Regional Institute of Education, Bhopal
  • 9. Regional Institute of Education, Bhopal Selection and statement of Research Problem Literature review Formulation of research objectives What is the problem and why is it to be studied? What information is available? Why do we want to carry out research? What do we hope to achieve?
    • Problem identification
    • Prioritizing problems
    • Analysis
    • justification
    • Literature
    • Research
    • Other information
    • General and specific objectives
    • Hypotheses
  • 10. Regional Institute of Education, Bhopal What additional data we require to achieve our research objectives? How are we going to collect this information? Research Methodology
    • Variables
    • Types of study
    • Data collection techniques
    • Sampling
    • Plan for data collection
    • Plan for data processing and analysis
    • Ethical considerations
    • Pre-test or pilot study
    Who will do what and when? Work plan
    • Human resources
    • Time table
  • 11. Regional Institute of Education, Bhopal What resources do we need to carry out study? What resources do we have? Budget
    • Material support and equipment
    • Finance
    How will project be administered? How will utilization of results be ensured? Plan for project administration and utilization of results
    • Administration
    • Monitoring
    • Identification of potential users
    How will we present our proposal to relevant authorities/funding agencies? Proposal summary
    • Briefing sessions
    • Presentations
  • 12. Regional Institute of Education, Bhopal Steps in Execution Research Proposal Instrumentation sampling Data Screening Data Collection Data Analysis Spread Sheet Coding
  • 13. Instrumentation
    • Selection of Techniques
      • Observation
      • Interview
      • Survey
    • Preparation of Tools
      • Questionnaires
      • Rating scales
      • checklists
    Regional Institute of Education, Bhopal
  • 14. Preparation of Tools
    • Definition of variables
    • Identification of behavioral indicators
    • Preparation of blue print
    • Preparation of items
    • Try – out
      • Item analysis
      • Reliability
      • Validity
    Regional Institute of Education, Bhopal
  • 15. Sampling
    • Decide the population
      • Arrive at different sampling frames
    • Sources of data
      • Target groups/Respondents
      • Quantitative/Qualitative
    • Define samples
      • Sampling frames for different sources of data
    • Decide sampling procedures
      • Probability/Non-probability
    Regional Institute of Education, Bhopal
  • 16. Data Collection
    • Modes
      • Online
      • Telephone
      • In person
    • Timing
      • Duration
      • Specific context occurrence
    • Phasing
      • In one shot
      • Spacing
    Regional Institute of Education, Bhopal
  • 17. Coding
    • Procedures of transformation of data
      • Qualitative to Quantitative
      • Quantitative to Qualitative
      • Continuous to discrete
    • Numerical expressions
      • Ideas to Numbers
      • Numbers to Ideas
      • Assigning numbers to categorical variables
    • Triangulation
      • Symbolizing common ideas from different sources
    Regional Institute of Education, Bhopal
  • 18. Regional Institute of Education, Bhopal Steps in Reporting Scheme of Chapters Theoretical Framework Gaps in Research & Theoretical Confusions Presentation of Modus Operandi Results Argumentation Conclusions Implications
  • 19. Regional Institute of Education, Bhopal

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