UNDP 2011 Human Development Report and Turkey


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UNDP's 2011 Human Development Report, its main messages and indices along with Turkey's performance in these indices. The report has been launched in Turkey by UN Turkey Coordinator and UNDP Turkey Representative Mr Shahid Najam on 2 November 2011. Prof Asaf Savas Akat and Prof Mehmet Altan also participated in the launch event in Istanbul Bilgi University.

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  • For free downloads of the 2011 Human Development Reportyou can referto HDR Websitehdr.undp.orgYou’ll also find the report and the executive summary (which is also available in Turkish) on the CD’s inside the files we handed out / OR / you can always download it from UNDP Turkey’s website: undp.org.trAnd don’t forget to follow us on Twitter and Facebook: Our username on Social media is UNDPTURKIYE
  • UNDP 2011 Human Development Report and Turkey

    1. 1. Sequence of Presentation• HD Concept• Sustainability and Equity• S&E trends: Impact on Human Development• Paradigm Shift• HDI and Turkey• Message of the report
    2. 2. The Concept and its Evolution• “People are the real wealth of a nation; human development is a process ofenlarging people’s choices.” (1990)• “Human Development is the expansion of people’s freedoms to live long,healthy and creative lives; to advance other goals they have reason to value;and to engage actively in shaping development equitably and sustainably ona shared planet. People are both the beneficiaries and the drivers of humandevelopment, as individuals and in groups.” (2010)• “Sustainable human development is the expansion of the substantivefreedoms of people today while making reasonable efforts to avoid seriouslycompromising those of future generations.” (2011)
    3. 3. How to calculateHuman Development Index Components • Life Expectancy at Birth • Expected years of Schooling • Mean Years of Schooling • Gross National Income Per Capita
    4. 4. Environmental and inequality trends threaten human development progress
    5. 5. Why equity and sustainability?How can we….  Maintain progress in ways that are equitable and that do not harm the environment?  Meet the development aspirations of poor people worldwide?  Promote policies that will advance both equity and sustainability?
    6. 6. Environment and Climate Change Global temperatures are rising: Now average 0.75°C higher than at the beginning of the 20thcentury. Sea level is rising: 20 centimeters higher today than in 1870 Likelihood of natural disasters is increasing: Average number per year doubled over 25 years Loss of forest cover threatens livelihoods and biodiversity: Low HDI countries experience greatest losses (11%) Impact on the Poor: Household level
    7. 7. Environmental trends threaten human development progress By 2050, the global HDI would be:  19% higher than it is today. • Largest increase in developing countries (24%). • 44% for Sub-Saharan Africa and 36% for South Asia.  8% lower in an environmental challenge scenario. • 12% for South Asia and Sub- Saharan Africa.  15% lower in an environmental disaster scenario. • Dramatic impact on developing countries • 24% for Sub-Saharan Africa and 22% for South Asia.
    8. 8. Inequalities generate losses on human dev’t and threaten future progress Our Inequality-adjusted HDI reveals losses of 23% of HDI globally. Health and education disparities are narrowing, but income inequality is worsening. • Average country-level income inequality increased around 20 percent over 1990–2005. Higher levels of gender inequality (GII) is associated with lower levels of sustainability. • Meeting unmet need for family planning could cut carbon emissions by about 17% by 2050. 1.5 billion people lack electricity, 2.6 billion lack access to basic sanitation. • If current trends continue, more people will lack access to modern energy in 2030 than today.
    9. 9. Negative impact on poor households Education: • Environmental challenges constrain both enrolment and progress of enrolled children. Livelihoods: • Significant risks for 350 million people who rely on forests for subsistence and incomes. • Similarly for 45 million (6 million are women) that fish for a living. Health: • Indoor air pollution kills 11 times more people in low HDI countries • Each year 3 million children under age 5 die from environment-related diseases.
    10. 10. The Paradigm Shift Change the development model towards more sustainableproduction and consumption patterns Clean and safe environment – a right not a privilege. • Promote more inclusive participation in governance and policy-making by those most vulnerable to environmental hazards. Meeting development aspirations of poor people while preserving the environment. • Promising examples of win-win policies exist at the national level. The scale of the challenge demands massive simultaneous investment and innovation.
    11. 11. For a macro shift,we need global innovations Current development finance is insufficient and with unequal access (countries and sectors). New financing sources: Currency Transactions Tax • Feasibility of implementation and growing high-level support Reforms for greater equity and access to finance. • State role in catalyzing private resources • “Deal-flow” climate facilities to help local actors with the complex requirements to access climate finance • National climate funds to promote blending of resources
    12. 12. For a macro shift,we need global innovations Swift implementation of UN Universal Energy Access Initiative. • Global campaign • Removing barriers to technology diffusion • Support of National low-emission, climate-resilient development strategies. Achieving this would increase CO2 emissions by only 0.8% • Estimated annual investment is less than an eighth of annual subsidies for fossil fuel.
    13. 13. 2011 Human Development Report Indices and Turkey
    14. 14. Human Development Index 2011• 2011 Human Development Index covers record 187 countries and territories,puts Norway at top, DR Congo last.• Norway, Australia and the Netherlands lead the world in the 2011 HumanDevelopment Index (HDI).• The Democratic Republic of Congo, Niger and Burundi are at the bottom of theHuman Development Report’s annual rankings of national achievement inhealth, education and income.• The United States, New Zealand, Canada, Ireland, Liechtenstein, Germany andSweden round out the top 10 countries in the 2011 HDI.
    15. 15. Turkey’s Human Development•Turkey’s HDI value for 2011 is 0.699—in the high human developmentcategory—positioning the country at 92 out of 187 countries and territories.• Between 1980 and 2011, Turkey’s HDI value increased from 0.463 to 0.699, anincrease of 51.0 per cent or average annual increase of about 1.3 per cent.
    16. 16. Turkey’s Human Development since 1980
    17. 17. Turkey’s Human Developmentcomparison
    18. 18. Inequality and HDIs• The IHDI equals the HDI when there is no inequality acrosspeople.• It represents the actual level of human development.• The new Gender Inequality Index (GII) reflects women’sdisadvantages in three dimensions – reproductive health,empowerment, and economic activity•MPI identifies multiple deprivations in the same hhs ineducation, health and standard of living.•Individuals living above the income poverty line may still sufferdeprivations in education, health and other living conditions.
    19. 19. Turkey’s Inequality-adjustedHuman Development comparison
    20. 20. Turkey in Gender Inequality Index (GII)
    21. 21. Turkey in Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI)
    22. 22. Prescriptive Recipe:• Development aspirations of poor to be met in aframework of global and local sustainability• an incremental approach is not enough; A macroshift is needed•Promoting human development requires addressingsustainability.• This can and should be done in ways that areequitable and empowering
    23. 23. Find Human Development on the Net For free downloads of the 2011 Human Development Report: hdr.undp.orgSoft copies including a Turkish summary at UNDP Turkey’s website: undp.org.tr Follow us on Twitter and Facebook: /undpturkiye
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