Experience in the preparation of transport infrastructure and transportation services of international sports events. manelli 20130923

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Experience in the preparation of transport infrastructure and transportation services of international sports events

Experience in the preparation of transport infrastructure and transportation services of international sports events

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  • 1. Mobilitysolutions Experience in the preparation of transport infrastructure and transportation services of international sports events Project UNDP/GEF-MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 00080462 «reducing GHG-Emissions from road transport in Russia’s medium-sized cities» Eng. Stefano Manelli – CEO CITEC Italy IOC and UEFA Transport Advisor
  • 2. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Speaker: Stefano Manelli  Transport Engineer from Swiss Federal Institute of Technology of Lausanne (Switzerland) and Torino (Italy)  IOC Transport Advisor and member of the IOC Evaluation Commission  Director CITEC Mobility Solution – Transport planning consulting firm  Lecturer at HES-SO Technical University in Geneva  UEFA Transport advisor and manager for Euro 2008, 2012 and 2016  Torino 2006 transport operations manager 2
  • 3. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Introduction 3
  • 4. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Warnings…  Global and Olympic Transport and their relations with City development and the environment are the main themes of this presentation  However important in Games organization, transport is only one of the 34 Olympic Games functions  However important Olympic transport projects can be, they remain minimal (even in Rio) in relation to the whole Host City Transport System  There is a lack of reliable and affordable quantitaive methods to measure impacts of localized projects on a whole metropolitan system. «quantitative» sustainability assessment remains elusive 4
  • 5. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Events as catalysts…  This presentation highlights the critical role of transport logistics and mobility management in the success delivery of world sport events  Only robust and high performance public transport systems can deliver very heavy mega-event traffic loads concentrated in time and space  Mega-events are the best possible catalysts for innovative high capacity public transport developments targeter to a fixed «prestige opening deadline» 5
  • 6. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Olympic sustainability – Copenhagen 2009 «The Olympic Movement fully embraces the importance of embedding the key values of environmental protection, development and sustainability within the Olympic ideals» «As part of this commitment [...] the IOC should accelerate the integration of sustainability principles in the hosting of the Olympic Games […] to safeguard their status as a premier event» XIII Olympic Congress recommendation N°19 6
  • 7. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Summary of the presentation 1. Definition, types and key figures of Mega Events 2. Approach to transport infrastructure and services preparation 3. Key milestones in the most recent Olympic Games transport plans 4. Football events: preparation of UEFA Euro 2012 5. Conclusions 7
  • 8. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Definition, types and key figures of Mega Events 8
  • 9. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 9 Definition of a Mega Event
  • 10. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 A mega event “implies major changes in City logistics and transport organization of the Host City” Four key elements makes the complexity of these events: National and International scale Significant share of foreign guests, officials, VIP, sponsor, fans and spectators Much higher air + ground transport, accommodation, security and Host City hospitality requirements World media coverage with extremely high quality requirements 10 Definition of a Mega Event
  • 11. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 11 Demand of a Mega Event
  • 12. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Mega events could be: Mono city and mono venue  UEFA Champions League Final Mono city and multiple venue  Summer Olympic Games Multiple city and mono venue  FIFA World Cup and UEFA Euro Cup Multiple city and multiple venue  Winter Olympic Games Events could be hosted and be influenced by weather conditions (ski venues, sailing, etc.) or be hosted in a hall or a covered venue with limited impact from weather conditions. […] 12 Types Mega Event
  • 13. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Target groups and level of service 13 Athletes and Team Officials Workforce (Volunteers, Staff, Contractors) Olympic Broadcast Organisation Rightsholding Broadcasters International Olympic Committee National Olympic Committees International Federations Marketing Partners Spectators Technical Delegates Press Residents and Local Business General Public Participants: LEVEL OF SERVICE / REQUIREMENTS Spectators and general public: CAPACITY / TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT
  • 14. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Events growth: the case of Olympic Games Both Summer and Winter Games grew tremendously in the last 25 years in all key areas: participating countries, female share, sport disciplines, athletes and team officials, technical officials, logistical requirements, new communication and medias, higher levels of service for ever more numerous client-groups. Key parameters presented for: Winter Olympic Games long term (since 1924) and medium term (Sarajevo 1984 to Sochi 2014) Summer Olympic Games long term (since 1986) and medium term (Los Angeles 1984 to Beijing 2008) 14
  • 15. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Winter Olympic Games growth 15
  • 16. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Summer Olympic Games growth 16
  • 17. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Event growth impact on transport Mega-event growth has considerable impacts on transport, travel demands, logistical organization and operational costs of the Games Increased travel and mobility demands resulting from Olympic growth are related to: Longer Olympic travel distances (larger Olympic perimeter) Larger client numbers and users groups (participants) More numerous venues of larger capacity (spectators) Higher levels of service in terms of quantity, quality and security of services Increased Games complexity and extended travel demands (24h/24h) 17
  • 18. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Transport impacts  The massive temporary traffic overloads generated by events such as the Olympic Games cannot be accommodated on most often congested City transport networks  As shown by all Games since Sydney 2000, Olympic and global mobility cannot succeed other than being more than 95% by public transport  In other words: logistical transport requirements of world mega-events on Cities are such that only Cities with very strong high performance public transport systems can succeed in hosting mega-events such as the Olympics  After a successful bid, winning Host Cities have (only) 7 years to deliver the extended and upgraded transport system 18
  • 19. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Transport infrastructure and services: sustainability and environmental aspects 19
  • 20. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Nobody wants… 20
  • 21. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 21  is often one of the outstanding reasons for “triggering” an integrated effort to win an Olympic bid with an Olympic Games concept in tune with City long term development vision  is an essential tool to meet the four basic Games “transport objectives”  if started as soon as Games are won, are a necessary condition for on time delivery of successful Games Transport infrastructure development
  • 22. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 22 Objective 1: Ensure safe, secure, reliable, non congested journeys for all Olympic client groups with top priority for athlete transportation Through a combination of: transport infrastructure rehabilitation and extensions, comprehensive areawide traffic and parking management measures major shift of travel demands to strongly re-enforced public transport temporary Games-time travel demand reductions Transport objectives  infrastructure
  • 23. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 23 Objective 2: Maintain Host City economic, commercial, leisure and cultural activities with as little traffic disruptions as possible Objective 3: Ensure that the Olympic transport concept is aligned with the Olympic overall Games concept Objective 4: Ensure that the improved transport infrastructure and new traffic management systems provide a lasting functional, social, economic and environmental legacy towards more sustainable City and Metropolitan mobility developments Transport objectives  infrastructure
  • 24. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 24  Accelerated solutions with a unique fixed deadline. Most world Cities face severe transport, congestion and environmental problems. The Games do contribute to accelerated solutions due to Games world image and a fixed event deadline  Allow to focus on more sustainable urban mobility developments and regional legacies  Infrastructures as support to mobility schemes promoting new travel behaviours through much improved public transport services Transport infrastructure opportunities
  • 25. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 From 95% car modal split  To (almost) 0% parking around venue 25
  • 26. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Superimposed transport systems Mega-events are a very short «happening» in the life of a City or a Region. Two mega-event specific transport systems are temporarly superimposed on the existing system: Temporary dedicated priority system for Olympic Family and logistic accredited traffic Temporary re-enforced public transport system with bold temporary capacity increase to cope with extraordinary strong added travel demands 26
  • 27. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Superimposed transport systems 27 Superimposed transport systems
  • 28. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Olympic transport and traffic challenge 28
  • 29. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 29  Large mega-events do not automatically improve sustainability  Very large international football tournaments inducing terrific pressures on City logistics are only starting to integrate environmental policies in their planning  IOC signed the Kyoto Protocol and requires from bidders “exemplary” policies on environment protection and more recently on sustainability (Copenhagen Oct. 2009)  Games bidding is more and more oriented towards “carbon-neutral” policies Contribution to sustainability
  • 30. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 30  Mega-events are overwhelmingly public transport events  Extended public transport operational priorities for after Games  Targeted or blanket car traffic reduction scheme experiments  Environmentally oriented carbon neutral schemes  Legacy oriented infrastructure investments and eco-friendly traffic management Transport sustainability
  • 31. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 31  Mega-events are heavy concentrations of traffic flows in time and space impossible to handle with private traffic means  95-97% of mega-event venue accessibilities by public transport  “zero” mega-event parking within 1 km radius of venues other than accredited logistical + VIP needs  Public transport extended to 24 hour operations to cover all client needs especially world media coverage  To locate the venues on high performance public transport routes Mega events  Public transport events
  • 32. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 32  Extraordinary heavy additional traffic loads generated by the mega- event handled by strongly re-enforced public transport means  Accelerated development of long delayed public transport projects  Advanced delivery of rolling stock (high capacity bus / trolleybus / coaches / rail) generally with higher eco-standards  Implementation of extensive reserved lane systems for accredited mega-event vehicles and surface public transport Mega events  Extended public transport
  • 33. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 33  Introduction of temporary “reserved dedicated lanes” can only function with substantially reduced general traffic  Last kilometer and hospitality areas around large event venues are converted into vast pedestrian zones or “live sites” for non-ticketed visitors  Taking advantage or extending school holidays / construction work ban / only night time good transport and deliveries Mega events  Targeted car traffic reduction
  • 34. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 34  All measures above: much higher public transport use and restricted temporary car use lead to a more sustainable equilibrium  Mega-events are “live laboratories” for new mobility patterns, different travel behaviors linked to the festive atmosphere of these mega-events  Carbon reduction scheme apply to all mega-event operations but also, in the case of London 2012, to all mega-event construction and rehabilitation projects Mega events  More eco-friendly traffic
  • 35. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 35  Too many “white elephants”, grossly oversized projects in former prestigious mega-events including in Olympic Games  Each mega-event major project shall have a 10 year post-mega- event business plan / an owner and operator  More use of “temporary assembled and disassembled structures” for part or the full venue capacity  The mega-event transport concept shall be coherent with Metropolitan Transport Plans-- so only absolutely justified transport projects are added or pre-implemented for the mega-event Mega events  More legacy oriented infrastructure
  • 36. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Last words… “A developed country is not a place where the poor have cars. It's where the rich use public transportation.” [Gustavo Petro] 36
  • 37. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Key milestones in the most recent Olympic Games transport plans 37
  • 38. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 38
  • 39. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Sydney 2000 transport policies After Atlatnta 1996 embarassing transport logistical difficulties, Sydney 2000 marked a new «era» for Olympic Transport  100% spectators, workforce and volunteers by public transport  24h free public transport as a part of the event for ticketed spectators + all Olympic officials, staff, workforce, volunteers and other accredited  Sydney Olympic Park = 77% by rail, 15% by express bus, 3% walking and only 5% by car  New mega-event travel behavior induced during Sydney Games 39
  • 40. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Sydney 2000 sustainability  Sydney 2000 could deliver excellent Olympic transport and traffic experience, based essentially on innovative resource management  Games were assessed as environmentally sound from the transport standpoint  Other than a little used Olympic rail connection to former Olympic Park, Sydney 2000 Olympic games did not induce much long term transport and mobility sustainability 40
  • 41. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Athens 2004 Olympic lanes Athens 2004 first Olympic Games ever to have its own Olympic traffic lane full continuous network  160km network of Olympic priority lanes for all Olympic accredited vehicles + express bus lines  Average Games bus speed increased from usual 12 to 20km/h to 55km/h at everybody surprise!  Road congestion – one of the biggest worry in Athens – was replaced by the fastest road+bus traffic system ever during the Games  These were all termporary measures, without real sustainability 41
  • 42. JUNE 2009 MILANO©.. 42 42 Athens 2004 first Olympic lane network of 150km of directional lanes
  • 43. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Athens 2004 transport sustainability  In Athens many sport permanent infrastructures built for the Games are «sport white elephants», with little or no use, expensive maintenance and high dismantling costs  Athens considerable new metropolitan transport infrastructure has not produced any «transport white elephant»  All 1999-2004 Athens region transport projects are long term legacy for roadway, airway and rail public transport systems  Athens 2004 much improved transport systems, particularly rail systems, are a contribution to better long term mobility sustainability in Attika Region 43
  • 44. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Athens 2004 sustainability 44
  • 45. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Beijin 2008 massive traffic reduction  Beijing had witnessed growth of 1’000 cars per day during 7 years // tremendous congestion in 2007 and worries for 2008  Very severe August (hot+wet month) air pollution cumulated with heavy construction dust  4 day test in August 2007 (1 year prior) with 40% car traffic reduction  O-lane system would be ineffective without massive vehicular traffic reduction  2008 Games, reduction of 45-55% of all registered motor vehicles allowed every day / odd-even licence plates during 60 days 45
  • 46. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Beijing transport sustainability  Beijing considerable 2002-2008 transport development program (worth more than 20 billion USD) was delivered on time for the Games  All projects were on Beijing Municipal Master Development Plan, but were accelerated or anticipated fof 5 to 10 years  Transport and mobility needs were so big: no transport white elephant in Beijing  The Beijing Games were a major catalyst for better transport sustainability in a context of a very fast growth and major efforts to decrease pollution 46
  • 47. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Beijing policeman controlled arterial Olympic lane on Tian’anmen 47
  • 48. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 London 2012 48  London profited of the biggest urban industrial waste land rehabilitation program in Europe to create the 2012 Olympic Park  Heathrow express and tube service were a success beyond expectations (Media A&D procedures and more…)  Traffic management solutions were a well design mix of coherent and comprehensive measures, highly sophisticated, with continuous adaptation to the competition schedule  25% of traffic reduction during the Games acheived
  • 49. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 The train as fastest and most effective way to connect the world to London 49 1 London 2012 Organising Committee for the first time in history of modern Olympics used the train for Olympic guests’ Arrival and Departure as connection between the airport and the city centre. More than 20’000 Media arriving to London were loaded on the Heathrow Express from Heathow Airport to London Paddington Station with a 15 minutes trip. Upon their arrival at Paddington they were provided with a dedicated shuttle service to their accommodation. Thanks to the agreement between the OCOG and the Heathrow Express Company accredited Clients could travel for free Travel time Heathrow Airport – central London: By train 15min By car/bus 45min to 1h30 depending on traffic conditions
  • 50. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 London 2012 legacy plan: Stratford Queen Elisabeth Olympic Park 50 1 Thanks to the Games, years of investment turned this once neglected area into a spectacular stage for the greatest sporting event on earth, but the attention hasn’t ended once the Games were over. Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park is set to become London’s leading destination for leisure, life and business; a model of modern, sustainable urban regeneration, attracting an estimated 9.3 million visitors each year. Social and recreational spaces Urban park and green Five new residential neighbourhoods Business and commercial district Sport and leisure Work to transform the park is now under way and an new area of entertainment, sport, recreation, commerce and community will be created.
  • 51. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Stratford Queen Elisabeth Olympic Park: before, during and after the Olympic Games 51 before
  • 52. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 52 during Stratford Queen Elisabeth Olympic Park: before, during and after the Olympic Games
  • 53. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 53 after Stratford Queen Elisabeth Olympic Park: before, during and after the Olympic Games
  • 54. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Rio 2016 legacy promotion  Rio 2016 strategic option n°1 is the build-up of a full high performance RIO public transport ring interconnecting all four City quadrants  The concept of «interlinked four zones» is materialized by a mixed program of public transport projects with suburban rail rehabilitation, metro capacity upgrade, metro extension and 75km of high capacity BRT-Bus Rapid Transit  This boldest public transport development in Rio history shall be fully delivered in 6 years  The high performance transport ring will help connect areas of very diverse socio-economic and urban characteristics 54
  • 55. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Rio 2016 legacy promotion 55
  • 56. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 … towards Tokyo 2020 56  Revitalization of a series of man-made island in the Tokyo Bay, with potential high urban value  Venues located in proximity to existing performing public transport and rail public transport in particular  Long term Tokyo 2020 transport plan with traffic reduction in city centre, thanks to completion of city road ring. Expected 30% traffic reduction in the city centre  Traffic management measures for city centre access control, to be used for the Games to enforce Olympic Lanes and Routes
  • 57. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 … towards Tokyo 2020 57
  • 58. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Footbal Events: preparation of UEFA Euro 2012 58
  • 59. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 59  Extraordinary short-term travel patterns for Football event related participants and spectators  High pressure on long-distance transport infrastructures such as airports and railways  With 8-10 Host Cities, but 1 single venue per Host City, extremely temporary solutions are often the most preferred option in the Host City  Live sites and fan zones could attract 5-10 times more (local) spectators (without ticket) than the Stadia Seoul - Initial Transport Briefing - May 2013 Football Mega-events  Even more pressure on transport
  • 60. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Mega Event transport integration – EURO2012 60 General datas Two countries – Ukraine and Poland 31 Matches in 8 Host Cities 16 National Teams 1.4 mln. tickets Scales of analysis International accessibility and demand Intercity transport and accessibility Host City mobility plan Venue last kilometre transport
  • 61. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 National/International accessibility and transport planning Airports: Huge pressure on airports on Match days, in particular for Knock-out stage and final Development on long term New procedures and operational plans Slot coordination Night flight restrictions Railways: In countries such as Russia train is traditional main carrier Promote the train for the national and intercity travellers 61
  • 62. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013  Assessment of exisisting situation in terms of infrastructure and services  Analysis of the multimodal expected transport demand, based on Event owner’s requirements  Gap analysis and confirmation of the need for new or temporary infrastructures New infrastructures are only motivated when a long-term plan with post-event legacy can be proved.  Realistic development plan with clear budget and timelines 62 National/International accessibility and transport planning
  • 63. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Airports 63  Temporary new passenger handling procedures (fast lanes for charter flights and dedicated "EURO lanes" for UEFA target groups), airport customers were highly satisfied with the services provided. Immigration and customs authorities adopted as well their procedures to ease and speed up in- and outbound controls.  A very good cooperation with National Air Authorities had been established: night flight bans were lifted whenever necessary in Poland, in both countries the slot coordination scheme has been applied temporarily and in Ukraine the APIS (Advanced Passenger Information System) was used to exchange information between airlines and the border control services  Eight out of nine airports got new terminals and six airports put new or extended runways into operations; all airports coped very well with high match day peaks and handled three to four times more runway movements compared to regular daily operations.
  • 64. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Airports – observed increase of passengers flows 64 Airport Flights 2012 (in+out) Passengers 2012 (in+out) Comparison on same period 2012/ 2011 Warsaw 17’100 1’077’850 +17% Gdansk 5’400 348’900 +45% Poznan 3’100 200’100 +28% Wroclaw 3’860 283’100 +40% Kyiv-Boryspil 11’800 989’000 +14% Donetsk 2’500 122’000 +60% Kharkiv 750 53’000 +150% Lviv 840 45’000 +200%
  • 65. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Kharkiv airport during a match day 65
  • 66. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Kharkiv airport temporary terminal during a match day 66
  • 67. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 67 Host City transport and mobility plan The Host City shall be in charge of: Public transport and traffic management concept with «high quality transport system» linking major sites at Host City level Enhance and extend public transport operations to 24h for match days Promote special transport fares and arrangements for spectators, guests and organizers (free transport) Provide information and guidance to spectators and visitors
  • 68. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 68 Host City transport and mobility plan
  • 69. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 69 Last km accessibility and Venue management The event will take place in the stadium: The Venue management is under the Organiser jurisdiction Input on the stadium/venue surroundings come from the Organiser Coordination and clear definition of responsibilities on the stadium/venue is crucial between the Host City and the Organiser
  • 70. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Traffic perimeter map 70
  • 71. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Main actions for UEFA Euro 2012 71  Each Host City strongly re-enforced and extended its own public transport services for the period of EURO 2012. Extra shuttle busses and trams were added on the connections between airport, stadium, city centre and fan zone.  Urban rail transport played a key role for stadium accessibility, as well. In Warsaw for example all main sites (Airport – Fan Zone – National Stadium) were connected by a newly renovated and extended continuous railway line, which was a huge success. Ukrainian Railways introduced new high-speed trains linking the four Host Cities on a daily basis during the Tournament.  “Free Transport” for match-ticket holders and accredited staff has been introduced and confirmed to be a big success again, and a great occasion of promoting public transport and the event itself.  Temporary traffic and pedestrian signage had been produced and installed to guide Tournament visitors: more than 10’000 signs and stickers overall.
  • 72. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Main actions for UEFA Euro 2012 (2) 72  Pedestrian accessibility to stadia confirmed the positive experiences from previous tournaments.  The introduction of traffic perimeter and activities related proved very useful. Traffic perimeter operational maps developed were an excellent tool for operational planning and for fine tune of operations of all projects, to avoid incoherencies and conflicts in the vicinities of stadia.
  • 73. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 73 Last km accessibility and venue management Phisical separation between vehicle and pedestrian flows on the access way to the Stadium in Kyiv
  • 74. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 74 Last km accessibility and venue management Team Bus holding areas in Kyiv
  • 75. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 75 Pedestrian access to the Warsaw Stadium Last km accessibility and venue management
  • 76. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 76 Last km accessibility and venue management Spectators by train to the Warsaw Stadium on the opening match day ©PhotoManelli_2012©PhotoManelli_2012
  • 77. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 77 Last km accessibility and venue management Spectators on their way to the Stadium in Warsaw for the opening match ©PhotoManelli_2012
  • 78. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Towards Russia FIFA World Cup 2018 78
  • 79. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Conclusions 79
  • 80. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 What contribution to sustainability  World fierce competition between Cities to get the Olympic Games triggers a «race» for best possible Games transport systems and traffic management concepts  Massive Olympic use of public transport systems, improved and expanded during the 7 years Games preparation period, becomes an indispensable landmark of successful Summer Oilympic Games organized in Cities of more than 4 million population  Olympic transport projects are most often part of the Host City Master Plan Agenda and can be considered as Games accelerated transport projects 80
  • 81. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 What sustainability assessment  Most recent events showed the excellent combination of long-term urban and transport development programmes oriented to more sustainable and environmental friendly transport systems with bold temporary traffic and demand management solutions, to maximise existing capacity, to accelerate and expand existing public transport services  Host Cities investing in high performance public transport systems in support of the Games are investing in long term more «sustainable» transport and mobility patters, with strong contribution to environmental improvement.  In the transport sector, the major beneficiary of Olympic sustainability promotional policies is Public Transport and rail transport projects in particular  Summer Games transport long term contributions to sustainability appear tangible. 81
  • 82. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 What sustainability assessment (2)  Summer Games transport long term contributions to sustainability appear tangible.  Winter Games transport sustainability remains open to question. It depends largely on the structural and institutional City-Region setup and technical characteristics of the City-Mountain transport system.  Football Events transport long term contribution to sustainability is still questionable. Bidding process and environmental quality requirements from the Event owner’s side still have to change. 82
  • 83. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Sometimes elephants… but NO WHITE ELEPHANTS! 83
  • 84. Mobilitysolutions 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 International Conference « Optimisation of transport solutions for national and international mass action to reduce GHG-Emissions from road transport Moscow, September 23rd, 2013 Thank you! Спасибо! Obrigado! 감사 ! 感謝 ! 84
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