On a Shared vision, work resulted in a bulky text to be forwarded to Durban as a non-paper. As the text at the moment consists of all submissions by the Parties it is far from agreed and the form of a draft decision. There will be a need for intersession consultations to further streamline the text. Still the main issues are to identify the goal for peaking of the global emissions (with respect to both time and the level of the peaking emissions), and global goal for emissions reductions in 2050. Proposals for reducing global emissions of developed countries are in several options in a form of economy wide emission reduction targets: 30, 40, 45, 50% from 1990 levels by 2020 and 80, 95% by 2050; 50% by 2017 and 100% by 2040; 40% by 2017, 45% by 2020 and at least 95% by 2050. As years for global peaking of emissions were proposed the following years - 2013, 2015, and 2017. Many other issues were proposed for consideration such as: establishment of global goals for finance, technology, adaptation and capacity building. Additionally are included issues related to trade (non introduction of tariffs for climate change purposes on developing countries); response measures; intellectual property rights; human rights; rights of mother earth; right to survive; an international climate court of justice; warfare (stopping wars and diversion of military to combating climate change). Many of these are very controversial, and in principle do not belong to the shared vision as defined in the BAP. This may cause a lot of problems in Durban.
Parties agreed that the main function of the registry will be to collect information on NAMAs seeking international support and to mach those to the support available from developed countries; that the domestically implemented NAMAs will be recorded in a separate section; and on the main pieces of information on NAMAs to be submitted to the registry seeking for support. SBI will further elaborate the features of the registry.Still remains to be decided how exactly the matching will happen (the registry will do it on a search base or the GCF will do it following guidance by COP); the format for the NAMAs submitted, while developed countries wishing to see more formalized approach, the developing countries want full flexibility.
UNFCC Negotiations Status after Panama Climate Change Talks
UNFCCC Negotiations StatusafterPanama Climate Change Talks United Nations Development Programme
Panama Talks – What was discussedAd hoc Working Group on Further Commitments of Annex I Parties – AWG KP2nd commitment period, Annex I Parties commitments (numbers),LULUCF,Mechanisms, Methodological issues, Response measuresAd hoc Working Group on Long-Term Cooperative Action – AWG LCAShared vision, mitigation by developed countries, NAMAs by developingcountries, REDD+, Sectoral approaches, Markets and non-marketapproaches, Response measures, Adaptation, Finance, Technology, Capacitybuilding, Review of the long-term global goal, Legal options for the agreedoutcome, Other matters—economies in transition and countries and Turkey
2nd Commitment Period (AWG KP)• No significant progress• Canada, Japan, Russia – reiterated that they will not commit to the 2nd CP• Denmark – increased its pledge reduction pledge to 40%• To be decided in Durban: Numbers – how much, how to express the objectives, base year or base period Length of the 2nd CP – five or seven years Legal text – amendments to the KP (commitments, mechanisms, new mechanisms, entry into force…)
Shared vision (AWG LCA)• Very bulky text of non-paper (all submissions by Parties)• Many other issues included: issues related to trade (non introduction of tariffs for climate change purposes on developing countries); response measures; intellectual property rights; human rights; rights of Mother Earth; right to survive; an international climate court of justice; warfare (stopping wars and diversion of military to combating climate change• Main issues: Goal for peaking of the global emissions (time and level): proposals are 30, 40, 45, 50% by 2020 compared to 1990; 40, 50% by 2017; peaking years: 2013, 2015, and 2017 Global goal for emissions in 2050 (2°C): 80, 95%; 100% by 2040
Mitigation by developed countries (AWG LCA)• Specific figures not discussed (waiting for AWG KP to decide)• US (not being KP party) and with Canada, Japan and Russia very likely not being committed by 2nd CP under the KP – problems with agreeing on equal level of efforts among all Annex I Parties• Some progress on reporting and review: International assessment and review: objectives, scope, frequency, inputs, processes, outputs Biennial reports: objectives, GHG trends including (or not) assumptions scope, rules and methods used for baselines, progress in achieving commitments, etc.
NAMAs by developing countries (AWG LCA)• Issues discussed: deviation in emissions compared to BAU, support needed for NAMAs, diversity of mitigation actions, biennial reports by DCs, ICA… No draft decision texts. Deviation from BAU: DCs consider their reduction ambition satisfactory, no need for regular update of information on NAMAs Support needed for NAMAs: decision on financing to support for preparation and implementation of NAMAs, incl. national institutional arrangements level Biennial reports: no disagreement on their need, capacity building in DCs is required. International consultations and analysis (ICA): timing and frequency; scope; content of analysis; output; format for international consultations. Register: how to do matching NAMAs with support, format of NAMAs. SBI to further elaborate the features of the registry.
REDD+ (AWG LCA)• Lot of convergence, discussion focused on finance. Decision still to be drafted – most of the work under the SBSTA, links to the GCF Transitional Committee workSources of finance for REDD+: public, private, multilateral, incl. special windowunder the GCF, bilateral, market, non-market, combination, newWhat should be financed and when, safeguards, forest emissions reference levels,forest reference levels, MRV
Sectoral approaches (AWG LCA)• Agriculture and International aviation and maritime transports (bunkers) as sectors, many options for the text, not a lot of convergence (9 options)Agriculture: market mechanisms should or should not be applied; possiblediscrimination or restriction of the intl. trade; unilateral measures (phytosanitary,technical…); food security; economic development and poverty eradicationBunkers: role of IMO and ICAO, guidance to IMO and ICAO (2°C, 10% or 20%reduction target for bunkers…); prevention of unilateral action (such as EU ETS),
Adaptation (AWG LCA)• Progress on Adaptation Committee – mandate and reporting, ToR, decision-making process,Composition of AC: how many members, from which constituencies, advisorymembers?How to work: frequency of the meetings, mode of work: subcommittees, orexperts from NWP, linkages to other work…Review of the AC: when – after 4 years and then periodically every three years,or only after four yearsActivities of the AC for the first year: procedural and substantive, for adpotion byCOP18
Finance (AWG LCA)• Progress on Standing Committee, waiting for final meeting of Transitional Committee on GCF. No discussion on pledges to fund Status: should the SC be a permanent subsidiary body or not, scope of work and responsibilities Composition of SC: how many members 16 or 24, from which constituencies, advisory members? How to work: frequency of the meetings, mode of work: subcommittees, or experts from NWP, linkages to other work… Activities of the SC for the first year: procedural and substantive, for adoption by COP18
Technology (AWG LCA)• Climate Technology Centre and Network to be established by COP17• Draft decision discussed, procurement draft to be prepared by UNFCCC Secretariat Governance: Should CTCN have its own independent governance structure or will be govern by Technology Executive Committee Selection procedure: timeline, who will do actual evaluation and selection – TEC or special panel of 6 experts Architecture: Only one seat or regional and country offices; relation to the network and governments, linkages to financial and adaptation mechanisms Other issues: Selection criteria; financing of the CTCN; reporting, roles and responsibilities; ToR,
Durban – before and after• Before: • Parties to convene multilateral and bilateral informal consultations • Submissions on several texts by 21 October• After: 2nd CP under KP adopted Outline/roadmap for the new global agreement adopted Standing Committee approved and Green Climate Fund rules in place Adaptation Committee established Climate Technology Centre and Network agreed Capacity building framework agreed