The Cluj Initiative and what is behind BBL, BRC, 28th November, 2012Adrian Raulea, Head of Department for Development, Municipality of Cluj Cristina Rat, Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj Gabriella Tonk, Local Project Coordinator, UNDP Romania Marta Marczis, CTA, UNDP
Based on your own experience, have you everwondered why certain local communities perform betterthan others and how this phenomenon affects territorialdisparities? And how to change it?
Lost ‘power of place’ – Increasing territorialdisparities“Complex problems”Demography – Education – Remoteness – Employment, which problems interact and generate ‘vicious circles’ that reproduce and amplify the phenomenon of area based poverty and exclusionUnbalanced development policiesEconomic devaluation of the peripheral territories and lack of interest on “small scale” development in close relation to exclusion of poor and vulnerableLost local capability to mobilize endogenous socio-economic- environmental resources and/or absorb external resources
Regional (territorial) development bottlenecks Lacking participation, action, strategy and programme sustainability on local level; unified data/monitoring/organization system, network building, knowledge products and pools coordination in planning and implementation of programmes and projects and a gap between national and sub-national/local level managerial and operational capacity either to plan or to implement complex public policies on national and sub-national level; political/administrative weight necessary for coordinating the different ministries and administration potentially involved in Roma inclusion policiesSectoral, fragmented (instead of integrated funding and institutional frames) and short-term, project oriented approach (instead of financing long term complex processes)
Consequences for ‘Territorial’ consequences individuals human capacity for local lost self-confidence and trust in development is lacking, while future perspectives exclusion and discrimination is low ambition, inactivity, depression growing, which causes lack of lost “local knowledge” and “life- absorption confers serious social management” skills and economic problems low qualifications and working skills infrastructural and institutional aid dependency coverage is weak growing feeling of exclusion and lack of services discrimination limited information access increasing health and family- exquisitely high unemployment problems (including problems with weak “voice” drug and alcohol) widespread practice of usury and increasing criminality… and the victims: 1 million people, 10 % of the people live in disadvantagedareas in Hungary.
The “holy trinity” of theCommunity-led Local Development ‘Area’ ‘Partnership’ and ‘Strategy’
‘Legal empowerment’ suggests that the communities living out of mainstream create the necessary services and our job is to legalize them and make them effectiveEnsure that we have a person/company running utilitiesPeople, families or small communities could become their own supplier via use of renewable and micro grids
KEYS to inclusive local developmentTarget group mustbe the actor of localdevelopment + Area-based approach Both top-down and bottom-up in character Community level intervention for Three-partite Partnership Management and Financing Integrated and Multi-sectoral approach – Linkage between Inclusive actions Innovation National and trans-national Development Cooperation and Networking
Capacity is development! Local animation - External coaching to mobilize local resources and bring innovation Global -grant - ‘Learning by doing’ to develop local skills and partnerships through ‘action’ Social organization – From self-help to social and economic integration Local Inclusion Centre - Creating focal point for localizing development . Serving as information, training, CD, monitoring and evaluation hub for the pilots, opened for others too Built and functioning development network and communication channels of the pilots opened for others too Increase the absorption area based – Generating, financing and implementing flagship projects and creating future action plan Provide model to other regions and programmes Across borders over political and professional border lines
Community coachingfor launching social innovation
Strategy is not the first and it is not a paperParticipatory actionsMapped and re-organized (local) resources (assessment)Partnerships and projects will bornStrategy – it is a processMulti-level networking andLocal development and inclusion centre
Might it starts with seeingdentist, or playing football
Capacity development to alleviate area-based poverty