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Strengthening integrity in the public sector
Strengthening integrity in the public sector
Strengthening integrity in the public sector
Strengthening integrity in the public sector
Strengthening integrity in the public sector
Strengthening integrity in the public sector
Strengthening integrity in the public sector
Strengthening integrity in the public sector
Strengthening integrity in the public sector
Strengthening integrity in the public sector
Strengthening integrity in the public sector
Strengthening integrity in the public sector
Strengthening integrity in the public sector
Strengthening integrity in the public sector
Strengthening integrity in the public sector
Strengthening integrity in the public sector
Strengthening integrity in the public sector
Strengthening integrity in the public sector
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Strengthening integrity in the public sector

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Advanced Training in prevention of Corruption Systems and Methodologies,10-11 November, Vienna …

Advanced Training in prevention of Corruption Systems and Methodologies,10-11 November, Vienna
Constatine Palicarsky

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  • 1. Strengthening Integrity in The Public Sector 11/11/2011 Advanced Training on Prevention of Corruption Systems and Methodologies , Vienna Public Sector Ethics and Conflicts of Interest Management.
  • 2. The Goal of this session <ul><li>At the end of this session, we would have: </li></ul><ul><li>Reviewed key aspects of advanced ethic codes and conflict of interest regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Discussed of what CoI is and of the institutional arrangements for preventing and managing CoI regimes and for promoting public ethics; </li></ul><ul><li>Discussed possible approaches for preparing, consulting and issuing policy guidance and carrying out specific administrative investigations on cases of alleged/suspected misconduct (undisclosed CoI). </li></ul>11/11/2011 Advanced Training on Prevention of Corruption Systems and Methodologies , Vienna
  • 3. 11/11/2011 Advanced Training on Prevention of Corruption Systems and Methodologies , Vienna Scope of regulation Administrative capacity State Regulation, Administrative Capacity, Corruption USA, UK, NZ Former Communist Failed States Totalitarian Low corruption levels High corruption levels Fukuyama, 2005 Scandinavian Our Country
  • 4. Issues to Keep in Mind: <ul><li>Corruption is a symptom of dysfunctional institutions – strengthen the institutions in every possible aspect. The State is important! </li></ul><ul><li>Public trust is a most important element of the social capital. Corruption destroys trust – and it is its main damaging effect. </li></ul><ul><li>Mistrust generates corruption; it is a self-reinforcing process. </li></ul><ul><li>Perceptions are reality – address them! </li></ul><ul><li>Conflicts of interest may not be corruption, but they are equally detrimental to public trust. They can not be prevented; but they must be properly managed. </li></ul>11/11/2011 Advanced Training on Prevention of Corruption Systems and Methodologies , Vienna
  • 5. 11/11/2011 Advanced Training on Prevention of Corruption Systems and Methodologies , Vienna Challenges For The Public Service (Pro-integrity) Reform <ul><li>Strengthening the administrative capacity of the institutions. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to formulate policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to implement policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to monitor and evaluate policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to learn and improve </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Deregulation of the economic activity </li></ul><ul><li>Devolution of powers, client-oriented approach, outsourcing </li></ul><ul><li>Delegation and decentralization </li></ul><ul><li>The role of the Public Sector Ethics </li></ul>
  • 6. The Problem: <ul><li>Drive for more effective, cheaper and client oriented Government requires new approached; often “NPM” style reforms are introduced, but… </li></ul><ul><li>The changes in the way Public Service operates has destroyed many traditions and has challenged traditional ethics in the organization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In the absence of a strong culture of shared values and integrity it is the road to disaster. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is more control and accountability the answer? </li></ul></ul>11/11/2011 Advanced Training on Prevention of Corruption Systems and Methodologies , Vienna
  • 7. 11/11/2011 Advanced Training on Prevention of Corruption Systems and Methodologies , Vienna Accountability and Control <ul><li>Accountability – to give account to someone, and to be held accountable (usually understood as punishment). Closely associated with reporting and control. </li></ul><ul><li>Just how much could we invest in control? </li></ul><ul><li>The price of accountability </li></ul>
  • 8. Accountability and control 11/11/2011 Advanced Training on Prevention of Corruption Systems and Methodologies , Vienna Effectiveness Control
  • 9. Choose any three… 11/11/2011 Advanced Training on Prevention of Corruption Systems and Methodologies , Vienna Quick Cheap Quality
  • 10. Ethic – Definition (Merriam-Webster Dictionary) <ul><li>the discipline dealing with what is good and bad and with moral duty and obligation </li></ul><ul><li>a set of moral principles </li></ul><ul><li>a theory or system of moral values </li></ul><ul><li>the principles of conduct governing an individual or a group “professional ethics” </li></ul><ul><li>guiding philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>a consciousness of moral importance </li></ul><ul><li>a set of moral issues or aspects (as rightness) </li></ul>11/11/2011 Advanced Training on Prevention of Corruption Systems and Methodologies , Vienna
  • 11. Some options from OECD 11/11/2011 Advanced Training on Prevention of Corruption Systems and Methodologies , Vienna Source: Puma Policy Brief, “Managing Government Ethics”, OECD
  • 12. Public Servants and Public Office Holders: the differences <ul><li>Policy and Administration </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency and public scrutiny </li></ul><ul><li>Political neutrality issues </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict of interest issues </li></ul><ul><li>Different tools (codes, laws) and hence – different consequences </li></ul>11/11/2011 Advanced Training on Prevention of Corruption Systems and Methodologies , Vienna
  • 13. Professional Ethics <ul><li>Ethics and codes of ethics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Rules of the Game </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Almost) nothing to do with morality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NOT a personal issue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sanctions & enforcement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ethics training </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethical competence is a skill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skills could be taught </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognition, decision making, reasoning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is all about the “role” </li></ul></ul>11/11/2011 Advanced Training on Prevention of Corruption Systems and Methodologies , Vienna
  • 14. The case of the Ambulance Officer <ul><li>Where should the loyalty go? </li></ul><ul><li>Who do we serve? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the public expectations? </li></ul><ul><li>Public office is public trust! </li></ul>11/11/2011 Advanced Training on Prevention of Corruption Systems and Methodologies , Vienna
  • 15. 11/11/2011 Advanced Training on Prevention of Corruption Systems and Methodologies , Vienna Ethical Competence… No Code will be of any practical value if you do not recognise an ethics problem when you see it - recognition competence Deciding what to do depends upon what you construe as ‘the ethics problem’, and ‘the most important value(s)’ – judgment competence EC includes justification competence : giving relevant reasons for decisions, to various audiences - this relies on ‘(moral) reasoning’ competence
  • 16. “ Ethics Infrastructure” <ul><li>political commitment; </li></ul><ul><li>effective legal framework; </li></ul><ul><li>eff ective accountability mechanisms; </li></ul><ul><li>w ork ing codes of conduct; </li></ul><ul><li>professional socialisation mechanisms (training); </li></ul><ul><li>supportive public service conditions; </li></ul><ul><li>existence of an ethics co-ordinating body; </li></ul><ul><li>active civic society (including a probing media) playing the role of watchdog over the actions of public officials. </li></ul><ul><li>(Source: OECD, 1996) </li></ul>11/11/2011 Advanced Training on Prevention of Corruption Systems and Methodologies , Vienna
  • 17. Declaration of Assets <ul><li>Specific case </li></ul><ul><li>Less protection of privacy for public office holders then public servants </li></ul><ul><li>Declare when elected/appointed and annually </li></ul><ul><li>Right to access </li></ul><ul><li>WWW </li></ul>11/11/2011 Advanced Training on Prevention of Corruption Systems and Methodologies , Vienna
  • 18. Thank you! <ul><li>Constantine Palicarsky </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>11/11/2011 Advanced Training on Prevention of Corruption Systems and Methodologies , Vienna

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