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Strategic Environment Assessments in Eastern Europe, Caucasus & Central Asia
Strategic Environment Assessments in Eastern Europe, Caucasus & Central Asia
Strategic Environment Assessments in Eastern Europe, Caucasus & Central Asia
Strategic Environment Assessments in Eastern Europe, Caucasus & Central Asia
Strategic Environment Assessments in Eastern Europe, Caucasus & Central Asia
Strategic Environment Assessments in Eastern Europe, Caucasus & Central Asia
Strategic Environment Assessments in Eastern Europe, Caucasus & Central Asia
Strategic Environment Assessments in Eastern Europe, Caucasus & Central Asia
Strategic Environment Assessments in Eastern Europe, Caucasus & Central Asia
Strategic Environment Assessments in Eastern Europe, Caucasus & Central Asia
Strategic Environment Assessments in Eastern Europe, Caucasus & Central Asia
Strategic Environment Assessments in Eastern Europe, Caucasus & Central Asia
Strategic Environment Assessments in Eastern Europe, Caucasus & Central Asia
Strategic Environment Assessments in Eastern Europe, Caucasus & Central Asia
Strategic Environment Assessments in Eastern Europe, Caucasus & Central Asia
Strategic Environment Assessments in Eastern Europe, Caucasus & Central Asia
Strategic Environment Assessments in Eastern Europe, Caucasus & Central Asia
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Strategic Environment Assessments in Eastern Europe, Caucasus & Central Asia

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  • 1. 1<br />UNDP Support to Applying Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) in the Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA) regionHenrieta MartonakovaUNDP Regional Centre for Europe and the CIS7th Ministerial Conference ‘Environment 4 Europe’Astana, 21-23 September 2011<br />
  • 2. Outline<br />What is SEA? <br />SEA projects<br />Findings and lessons learned from SEA interventions<br />2<br />
  • 3. Strategic <br />Environmental<br />Assessment<br />Policy<br />Plan<br />Programme<br />Environmental Impact <br />Assessment<br />Projects<br />What is SEA?<br /><ul><li> Up-streaming environmental considerations into the decision-</li></ul> making hierarchy<br /><ul><li>Responsibility of developer / planning authority</li></ul>Source: OECD. 2006. Applying Strategic Environmental Assessment: Good practice Guidance for Development Co-operation.<br />
  • 4. Link between SEA and planning process<br />4<br />
  • 5. 5<br />SEA projects :<br />SEA of the Bakhchisaraysky District Development Strategy, AR Crimea, Ukraine<br />SEA capacity development in Azerbaijan<br />Belarus<br />
  • 6. SEA of the Bakhchisaraysky District Development Strategy (2010-2017)<br />6<br />Estimated trends in environment status:<br /><ul><li> Increased volume of solid domestic waste
  • 7. Increased air pollution from stationary sources;
  • 8. Decreased rivers’ water quality due to agriculture and household waste discharge;
  • 9. Continuous destruction of the coast-protecting line</li></ul>Key sectors: waste management, tourism, water management, agriculture; <br />SDW landfill in the town of Bakhchisaray<br />Damaged coast-protecting structures near the village of Beregovoy<br />
  • 10. 7<br />SEA Context <br /><ul><li>Ukraine – signatory to the UNECE SEA Protocol
  • 11. The very first SEA application in Crimea!
  • 12. On-going process of local strategic planning improvement
  • 13. Leadership and support of the Crimea Ministry of Economy
  • 14. District authorities interested in applying SEA</li></li></ul><li>Key features of SEA process<br /><ul><li>Duration: May – December 2009
  • 15. Budget: app. 46,000 USD
  • 16. SEA integrated after strategic development priorities and vision identified
  • 17. Capacity development element needed
  • 18. Active involvement of district authority / planners
  • 19. Conducted by the Working Group on Water and Environment and local expert group</li></ul>8<br />
  • 20. Capacity Development and Public Participation<br />9<br />SEA scoping in working groups, SEA training, Bakhchisaray, 24-25 June, 2009<br />
  • 21. Results<br />Over 600 people aware of and involved in the strategic planning process, including SEA, via public hearings and expert meetings; <br />42 specialists trained in SEA and 54 specialists obtained practical experience in SEA application; <br />SEA fully integrated in planning process;<br />80% of SEA recommendations reflected in the final Sustainable Development Strategy for Bakhchisaraysky District<br />Environment integrated in the strategies of 3 other districts<br />National conference on Crimea strategic planning calls for applying SEA to become automatically part of local planning;<br />10<br />
  • 22. Environmental impact mitigation measures recommended<br />Tighter environmental quality control; <br />System of alternative proposals for different industries, e.g. organic farming for individual farmers; <br />Tighter control over natural, especially plant, resources to prevent destruction of juniper groves and other protected species;<br />Stroyindustria Complex to consider using natural gas energy or switching to the non-clinker cement production technology http://www.vashdom.ru/articles/akpr_29.htm<br />EIA of every investment project; <br />Inhabitants get better access to environmental information.<br />11<br />
  • 23. SEA capacity development in Azerbaijan:key interventions <br />Country analysis of “National Environmental Assessment System and Potential for Application of SEA”<br />Written recommendations for development of the country SEA legal framework;<br />The National Guidance for SEA <br />practitioners;<br />National SEA Capacity Development <br />Strategy <br />SEA training, workshops and <br />study tour<br />12<br />
  • 24. SEA capacity development in Azerbaijan: Results<br />Around 50 people from around 15 ministries and agencies, state companies, CSOs and donors, have been introduced and trained in SEA<br />Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources owns procedural and technical base and knowledge to move forward with accessing to the UNECE SEA Protocol and creating SEA legal system<br />SEA taken up by the State Committee of Urban Planning and Architecture and the World Bank in elaboration of the Absheron Peninsula Development Strategy and Master Plan<br />13<br />
  • 25. “SEA and environmental conventions implementation in Belarus”<br />Key partner: Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Protection of Republic of Belarus<br />Duration: end 2008 – end 2010<br />Donor: European Commission and UNDP<br />Key interventions:<br />22 local specialists enhanced their capacity in SEA<br />2 pilot SEAs carried out: of the regional plan and of the National Programme of Inland Waterways and Maritime Transport Development.<br />Pilot environmental impact assessment in a transboundary context, in cooperation with Lithuania<br />14<br />
  • 26. Findings and lessons learned from UNDP SEA projects<br />Driving force: international experience, donors, UNECE SEA Protocol (ARM as the only Party up to date) and the EC SEA Directive (Georgia, Moldova, Ukraine);<br />Some SEA provisions in current SEE / OVOS system and legislation;<br />SEA effectiveness depends on political will and interest and on so called government ‘champions’<br />Wring perception SEA is being done within SEE/OVOS process;<br />SEA seen as a threat to current SEE/OVOS system – reluctance of environmental authorities; <br />15<br />
  • 27. Findings and lessons learned from UNDP SEA projects – cont.<br />SEA pilot projects – most effective capacity development activity;<br />SEA effectiveness depends on level of government ownership and on transparency, openness and structure of planning process; <br />Public participation more effective at sub-national level planning; <br />Many countries prefer to build SEA capacity prior ratifying SEA Protocol<br />16<br />
  • 28. SEA / EIA 2011, Ostrava<br />17<br />Thank you!<br />henrieta.martonakova@undp.org<br />http://live.unece.org/env/sea/eecca_capacity.html<br />http://europeandcis.undp.org/<br />

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