Social Inclusion- Kosovo Human Development Report 2010

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Social Inclusion- Kosovo Human Development Report 2010

  1. 1.
  2. 2. Content of Presentation<br />(a) Main Findings of the KHDR 2010 (I)<br /> (b) HDI and Kosovo according to the GHDR 2010<br /> Chapter 1: Social Inclusion and Human Development (1-3)<br /> Chapter 2: Economic and Labour Market Exclusion (4-10)<br /> Chapter 3: Access to education and exclusion (11-13)<br /> Chapter 4: Health care Services and exclusion (14-17)<br /> Chapter 5: Political Participation and exclusion (18-20)<br />(c) Main Findings of the KHDR 2010 (II)<br /> Recommendations presented by Dr. Mytaher Haskuka<br />
  3. 3. (a) Main Findings of the KHDR 2010 (I)<br /><ul><li> Legislative framework and policies have high standards for inclusion
  4. 4. Implementation and monitoring of laws and policies is a big problem
  5. 5. The most vulnerable groups for social exclusion are:
  6. 6. Children and Youth
  7. 7. People with disabilities
  8. 8. The long term unemployed and
  9. 9. Kosovo RAE-Minorities</li></li></ul><li>(b) Human Development Index<br />Global Human Development Report 2010 <br />Check: http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/hdr2010/chapters/en (09.03.2011)<br />
  10. 10. Chapter 1 | SOCIAL INCLUSION AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT A CONCEPTUAL BACKGROUND<br />
  11. 11. 1. Chapter 1 | SOCIAL INCLUSION AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT A CONCEPTUAL BACKGROUND<br />
  12. 12. 2. Chapter 1 | SOCIAL INCLUSION AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT A CONCEPTUAL BACKGROUND<br />
  13. 13. 3. Chapter 1 | SOCIAL INCLUSION AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT A CONCEPTUAL BACKGROUND<br />“There are cases where people are hidden and locked in their houses in villages. Occasionally we are lucky and find new members in town who have disabilities and we invite them to meet with us in order to have communication with other people who face similar difficulties regarding social exclusion. There are households in which family members with disabilities are totally isolated from the outside world.”<br /> Disabled participant of a focus group<br />
  14. 14. Chapter 2 | Economic and labour market exclusion<br />
  15. 15. 4. Chapter 2 | Economic and labour market exclusion<br />
  16. 16. 5. Chapter 2 | Economic and labour market exclusion<br />
  17. 17. 6. Chapter 2 | Economic and labour market exclusion<br />
  18. 18. 7. Chapter 2 | Economic and labour market exclusion<br />
  19. 19. 8. Chapter 2 | Economic and labour market exclusion<br />
  20. 20. 9. Chapter 2 | Economic and labour market exclusion<br />
  21. 21. 10. Chapter 2 | Economic and labour market exclusion<br />
  22. 22. Chapter 3 | Access to education and exclusion<br />
  23. 23. 11. Chapter 3 | Access to education and exclusion<br />
  24. 24. 12. Chapter 3 | Access to education and exclusion<br /><ul><li> Who is affected by exclusion from education?</li></ul> - Children with special needs<br /> - Minority children (especially Kosovo-RAE children)<br /> - Girls, especially those residing in rural areas, and<br /> - Children in poorer municipalities.<br />
  25. 25. 13. Chapter 3 | Access to education and exclusion<br />“Another big problem for people with disabilities in rural areas is the distance from educational institutions. Very often, the bad infrastructure of the road and the weather conditions make it impossible for people with disabilities to attend school.” <br />Disabled participant of a focus group<br />
  26. 26. Chapter 4 | Health care services and exclusion<br />
  27. 27. 14. Chapter 4 | Health care services and exclusion<br />
  28. 28. 15. Chapter 4 | Health care services and exclusion<br />
  29. 29. 16. Chapter 4 | Factors that constrain access to health care<br />Distance to doctor’s office/hospital/medical centre<br />Delay in getting appointment<br />Waiting time to see doctor on day of appointment <br />Cost of seeing the doctor<br />Cost of buying medicines<br />
  30. 30. 17. Chapter 4 | Health care services and exclusion<br />“A Kosovo-RAE female child living in a temporary camp in Mitrovicë/Mitrovica is the most excluded individual in Kosovo (the least healthy, the least nourished and have least access to factor markets and goods and services), and deserves the greatest level of support.” <br />
  31. 31. Chapter5| Political participation and exclusion<br />
  32. 32. 18. Chapter 5 | Political participation and exclusion<br />
  33. 33. 19. Chapter 5 | Political participation and exclusion<br />
  34. 34. 20. Chapter 5 | Political participation and exclusion<br />“Women, particularly the rural poor: the cultural norms that keep many women at home, without jobs (the unemployment rate for women is 55 percent compared to 39 percent for men), looking after children and often out of education mean that women struggle to assert their political rights. <br />
  35. 35. (c) Main Findings of the KHDR 2010 (II):<br />Drivers of social exclusion<br /><ul><li> Absence of high-level leadership on social inclusion issues;
  36. 36. Lack of accountable implementation of legislation and policy;
  37. 37. Disconnection between the public and governance cycles;
  38. 38. Lack of social cohesion and alienation between Kosovo Serbs and Kosovo Albanians;
  39. 39. Failure of sectoralinterlinkages (e.g. Education and economy), and
  40. 40. Pervasive socio-cultural discrimination holds back large segments of society;</li></li></ul><li>(c) Findings of the KHDR 2010 (II):<br />Inherent problems with social exclusion<br />Fault lines in Kosovan society which legitimated an oppressive regime during the decades culminating in conflict undermine social inclusion in two ways:<br />-by perpetuating minority ostracization through the dominance of majority groups, and <br />-by fostering self-exclusion within groups unwilling to integrate<br />
  41. 41. Thank you<br />for your attention!!!<br />

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