Small hydro and rural development in Tajikistan —Energy for development and poverty reduction<br />Zoran Morvaj<br />Third...
Contents<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />2<br />1. Sit...
Situation Analyses and UNDP Approach – Background<br />73% of population lives in rural areas -> consuming only 8.58% of e...
Energy Poverty = <br />				Household’s inability to afford and/or 			to access the basic energy services, <br />				in the...
Urban and rural poverty<br />Basic energy services in rural households:<br /> lighting,<br /> heating,<br /> cooking,<br /...
Poverty  - Energy – a household energy balance<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Ri...
Poverty -  Environment<br />Reliance on firewood – environmental degradation<br />7<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on ...
Poverty -  Energy efficiency<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asi...
Poverty -  Energy efficiency<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asi...
D1<br />D2<br />D…l<br />Donors<br />Situation Analyses and UNDP Approach – Context<br />. . .<br />M1<br />M2<br />M3<br ...
Situation Analyses and UNDP Approach – Governance<br />Integration and coordination!<br />13 ministries<br />GoT<br />Stre...
Situation Analyses and UNDP Approach <br />Local resources for local development and poverty reduction.<br />1. Every vill...
Situation Analyses and UNDP Approach<br />Local resources for local development and poverty reduction.<br />Third Inter-Ag...
Situation Analyses and UNDP Approach<br />Local resources for local development and poverty reduction.<br />Third Inter-Ag...
Situation Analyses and UNDP Approach<br />Local resources for local development and poverty reduction.<br />Electricity po...
Situation Analyses and UNDP Approach<br />Local resources for local development and poverty reduction.<br />Varsob distric...
Situation Analyses and UNDP Approach<br />Local resources for local development and poverty reduction.<br />Key objectives...
Situation Analyses and UNDP Approach<br />Local resources for local development and poverty reduction.<br />Key Pillars of...
How we are doing that:<br />Area based piloting of  RES driven Integrated rural development (IRD)<br />Third Inter-Agency ...
2. Area based piloting of  RES driven Integrated rural development (IRD)<br />20<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Reg...
2. Area based piloting of  RES driven Integrated rural development (IRD)<br />AIMS:<br /><ul><li>To develop and implement ...
Situation Analyses and Approach<br />Key Issues:<br /> to made the approach sustainable by involving local communities as ...
2. Area based piloting of  RES driven Integrated rural development (IRD)<br />Vahdat district/city<br /><ul><li>10 jamoats...
population 268,700: </li></ul>	83,762 are employed, <br />	31,312 are unemployed, 	<br />	17,601 are pensioners,<br /><ul>...
83 hospitals; </li></ul>Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
2. Area based piloting of  RES driven Integrated rural development (IRD)<br /><ul><li>Jamoat Bozorboy Burunov
 15,000 inhabitants, 17 villages and 449 dehkan farms;</li></ul>The main activities are land cultivation and cattle breedi...
2. Area based piloting of  RES driven Integrated rural development (IRD)<br />The jamoat’s annual budget: 			314.680 TJS, ...
2. Area based piloting of  RES driven Integrated rural development (IRD)<br />Pilot project 1:<br />Construction of sHPP f...
2. Area based piloting of  RES driven Integrated rural development (IRD)<br />Pilot project s:<br />Rehablitation of hospi...
2. Area based piloting of  RES driven Integrated rural development (IRD)<br />Pilot project 2:<br />Rehablitation of hospi...
2. Area based piloting of  RES driven Integrated rural development (IRD)<br />Pilot project 3: Rehabilitation of School <b...
Pilot project 4: Water pump station repair<br />2. Area based piloting of  RES driven Integrated rural development (IRD)<b...
2. Area based piloting of  RES driven Integrated rural development (IRD)<br /> Pilot project 5: create  income generation ...
2. Area based piloting of  RES driven Integrated rural development (IRD)<br /> Pilot project 6: create  income generation ...
2. Area based piloting of  RES driven Integrated rural development (IRD)<br />ResultsAchieved :<br />Necessary  capacity b...
	DDP for vahdat district developed and publicly presented,
	Jamoat authorities actively patricide in all pilot projects
	Local communities contribute for pilot projects with labor..</li></ul>Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordinat...
~<br />2. Area based piloting of  RES driven Integrated rural development (IRD)<br />3. Policy and regulatory framework fo...
Methodology for setting tariffs
Conditions for connection to Barki Tajik network
Technical standardization
Financial support
Vocational training</li></ul>4. EE master plan<br /><ul><li>Environmental sustainability in PA</li></ul>MEDT<br />MoEI<br ...
35<br />3. Scaling-Up of the RES driven  IRD <br />Excellent potential, eagerness of local people and familiarization with...
3. Scaling-Up of the RES driven  IRD <br />Excellent potential, eagerness of local people and familiarization with technol...
3. Scaling-Up of the RES driven  IRD <br />mHPP enables distributed electricity generation at the point of demand <br />RE...
3. Scaling-Up of the RES driven  IRD <br />38<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Ris...
3. Scaling-Up of the RES driven IRD Energy Efficiency <br />39<br />The selected EE measures should include the following:...
40<br />3. Scaling-Up of the RES driven IRD Energy Efficiency <br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination...
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Small hydro and rural development in Tajikistan - Energy for development and poverty reduction

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Small hydro and rural development in Tajikistan - Energy for development and poverty reduction

  1. 1. Small hydro and rural development in Tajikistan —Energy for development and poverty reduction<br />Zoran Morvaj<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and <br />Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  2. 2. Contents<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />2<br />1. Situation analysis and UNDP approach<br />2. Area based piloting of RES driven Integrated rural development (IRD)<br />3. Scaling-Up of the RES driven IRD <br />4. Enabling Environment for the Scaling-Up <br />5. Impacts of Improved Access to Electricity on Poor Households and on the Environment<br />6. Conclusion<br />
  3. 3. Situation Analyses and UNDP Approach – Background<br />73% of population lives in rural areas -> consuming only 8.58% of electricity!<br />53% of population lives below the poverty line (2007); <br />The PRS III adopted, but poverty causes still not identified;<br />1 million people considered to be particularly affected by lack of access to electricity;<br />Tajikistan`s key resource – hydro potential!<br />“Power Island” -> energy security and future energy exports are top national priorities: long term goal to finish HPP Rogun<br />Intermediate solution needed!<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  4. 4. Energy Poverty = <br /> Household’s inability to afford and/or to access the basic energy services, <br /> in the cases where desire to use these services exist. <br />Situation Analyses and UNDP Approach – Understanding poverty<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  5. 5. Urban and rural poverty<br />Basic energy services in rural households:<br /> lighting,<br /> heating,<br /> cooking,<br />Lack of access to reliable and affordable electricity - <br />key poverty driver at rural communities!<br />Situation Analyses and UNDP Approach – Understanding poverty<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  6. 6. Poverty - Energy – a household energy balance<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  7. 7. Poverty - Environment<br />Reliance on firewood – environmental degradation<br />7<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  8. 8. Poverty - Energy efficiency<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />8<br />
  9. 9. Poverty - Energy efficiency<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />9<br />
  10. 10. D1<br />D2<br />D…l<br />Donors<br />Situation Analyses and UNDP Approach – Context<br />. . .<br />M1<br />M2<br />M3<br />M13<br />Ministries<br />Issues<br />Projects:<br />Effects?<br />ND & PRS<br />pop. 7M (50% poverty rate)<br />Fragmentation!<br />Coordination and integration!!<br />
  11. 11. Situation Analyses and UNDP Approach – Governance<br />Integration and coordination!<br />13 ministries<br />GoT<br />Strengthening institutional and regulatory framework for PRS implementation;<br />Strengthening local capacities to implement and operate specific projects;<br />Region<br />(4)<br />District<br />(59)<br />Establish vertical<br />coordination and <br />communication<br />mechanisms<br />Jamoat<br />(ap. 406)<br />City<br />(ap. ….)<br />(ap. ….)<br />(ap. <br />Village<br />Mahala<br />Mahala<br />Mahala<br />Mahala<br />
  12. 12. Situation Analyses and UNDP Approach <br />Local resources for local development and poverty reduction.<br />1. Every village in Tajikistan is situated on at least one water flow - <br /> Small scale hydro power plants (sHPP)<br />2. 280-330 sunny days with 3.5 to 5.3 kWh/m2/day on the year<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  13. 13. Situation Analyses and UNDP Approach<br />Local resources for local development and poverty reduction.<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  14. 14. Situation Analyses and UNDP Approach<br />Local resources for local development and poverty reduction.<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  15. 15. Situation Analyses and UNDP Approach<br />Local resources for local development and poverty reduction.<br />Electricity powering local workshops – creation of income generation opportunities!<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  16. 16. Situation Analyses and UNDP Approach<br />Local resources for local development and poverty reduction.<br />Varsob district - Roh village: ski resort and hotel<br />ENERGY<br />TOURISM<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  17. 17. Situation Analyses and UNDP Approach<br />Local resources for local development and poverty reduction.<br />Key objectives <br />Poverty reduction by improving access to electricity based on local resources and through that improving quality of basic social services, provision of clean water and creation of income generating opportunities – i.e. supporting integrated rural development (IRD);<br />Provide impuls for economic development in the sectors related to RES (and EE), by devising support mechanisms for implementing rural RES (and EE) schemes;<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  18. 18. Situation Analyses and UNDP Approach<br />Local resources for local development and poverty reduction.<br />Key Pillars of UNDP response:<br />Establishing proper policy framework that will promote community based sHPP and EE projects:<br />Intermediate Strategy for RES driven Integrated Rural Development and related regulatory framework<br />Energy Efficiency Master Plan (EEMP)<br />National Programme for RES driven Integrated Rural Development - National Scaling-Up<br />Standardization guidelines for sHPP construction (30 – 500 kW);<br />Developing local manufacturing, engineering, operation and maintenance capabilities related to RES and EE:<br />District Development Planning<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  19. 19. How we are doing that:<br />Area based piloting of RES driven Integrated rural development (IRD)<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  20. 20. 2. Area based piloting of RES driven Integrated rural development (IRD)<br />20<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  21. 21. 2. Area based piloting of RES driven Integrated rural development (IRD)<br />AIMS:<br /><ul><li>To develop and implement pilot projectsfor integrated ruraldevelopment driven by provision of electricity from mini hydro (possible other renewable) as the driver, and then to integrate clean water, irrigation, food, employment, education and health issues.</li></ul>Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  22. 22. Situation Analyses and Approach<br />Key Issues:<br /> to made the approach sustainable by involving local communities as operators of facilities, collecting payments from communities during winters, and selling electricity to the grid during summers where feasible;<br />to support capacity strengthening at relevant institution (ministries, district, jamoat, local communities) for implementation of PRS;<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  23. 23. 2. Area based piloting of RES driven Integrated rural development (IRD)<br />Vahdat district/city<br /><ul><li>10 jamoats, 178 villages;
  24. 24. population 268,700: </li></ul> 83,762 are employed, <br /> 31,312 are unemployed, <br /> 17,601 are pensioners,<br /><ul><li>143 schools;
  25. 25. 83 hospitals; </li></ul>Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  26. 26. 2. Area based piloting of RES driven Integrated rural development (IRD)<br /><ul><li>Jamoat Bozorboy Burunov
  27. 27. 15,000 inhabitants, 17 villages and 449 dehkan farms;</li></ul>The main activities are land cultivation and cattle breeding;<br />List of Jamoat administration (salaries 467 – 92 TJS/month):<br />Head of Jamoat - <br />Deputy of the head of jamoat <br />Secretary, Chief accountant, Accountant, Cashier <br />Accountant on statistics, Land surveyor <br />Specialist on regulating national traditions <br />Secretary (assistant), The head of military department <br />Deputy of the head of military department, Operator <br />Maid (cleaner), Guard <br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  28. 28. 2. Area based piloting of RES driven Integrated rural development (IRD)<br />The jamoat’s annual budget: 314.680 TJS, <br />The social units in the jamoat: <br /> 3 ambulance stations, 8 medical points, 2 kindergartens, 1 polyclinic. <br /> 1 school and 1 hospital (on Vakhdat district budget)<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  29. 29. 2. Area based piloting of RES driven Integrated rural development (IRD)<br />Pilot project 1:<br />Construction of sHPP for community use during winters and for selling electricity to the grid (Barki Tajik) during summers<br />“On the Introduction of Changes and <br />Amendments to the Law on Energy»<br />Article 1. The following changes have to be <br />Introduced to the law on “Law on Energy” <br />dated November 29, 2000 Reg. # 12, Article 633):<br />Add the following changes to the Article 15 <br />part two and three:<br />“In order to promote and support the development <br />of small energy, to introduce and use alternative <br />sources of energy, ………………..”<br /> Date: July 30, 2007<br /> Reg. #310<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  30. 30. 2. Area based piloting of RES driven Integrated rural development (IRD)<br />Pilot project s:<br />Rehablitation of hospital – Gulobad village<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  31. 31. 2. Area based piloting of RES driven Integrated rural development (IRD)<br />Pilot project 2:<br />Rehablitation of hospital – Gulobad village<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  32. 32. 2. Area based piloting of RES driven Integrated rural development (IRD)<br />Pilot project 3: Rehabilitation of School <br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  33. 33. Pilot project 4: Water pump station repair<br />2. Area based piloting of RES driven Integrated rural development (IRD)<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  34. 34. 2. Area based piloting of RES driven Integrated rural development (IRD)<br /> Pilot project 5: create income generation opportunities construction of a Mini diary 500 l/day<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  35. 35. 2. Area based piloting of RES driven Integrated rural development (IRD)<br /> Pilot project 6: create income generation opportunities construction of a greenhouse<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  36. 36. 2. Area based piloting of RES driven Integrated rural development (IRD)<br />ResultsAchieved :<br />Necessary capacity building initiated and ongoing:<br /><ul><li> An Inter-ministerial Task Force formed and active;
  37. 37. DDP for vahdat district developed and publicly presented,
  38. 38. Jamoat authorities actively patricide in all pilot projects
  39. 39. Local communities contribute for pilot projects with labor..</li></ul>Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  40. 40. ~<br />2. Area based piloting of RES driven Integrated rural development (IRD)<br />3. Policy and regulatory framework for RES utilization developed<br />ResultsAchieved :<br />2. Standardized procedures for community based sHPP:<br /><ul><li>Clear procedures and regulation;
  41. 41. Methodology for setting tariffs
  42. 42. Conditions for connection to Barki Tajik network
  43. 43. Technical standardization
  44. 44. Financial support
  45. 45. Vocational training</li></ul>4. EE master plan<br /><ul><li>Environmental sustainability in PA</li></ul>MEDT<br />MoEI<br />SCI<br />IPP<br />MoEd, MoAg&Env, MoH<br />Jamoat Resource Center, …<br />Dep. Of<br />Statistics<br />5. Coordination mechanisms<br /> for PRS stakeholders in place<br />
  46. 46. 35<br />3. Scaling-Up of the RES driven IRD <br />Excellent potential, eagerness of local people and familiarization with technology and its benefits => key to success<br />Potential to develop local industry and supply chain- standardization<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  47. 47. 3. Scaling-Up of the RES driven IRD <br />Excellent potential, eagerness of local people and familiarization with technology and its benefits => key to success<br />Potential to develop local industry and supply chain- standardization<br />+ it is here already<br />36<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  48. 48. 3. Scaling-Up of the RES driven IRD <br />mHPP enables distributed electricity generation at the point of demand <br />RES generated electricty could replace some of the firewood used for erhatign and cooking<br />The average rural household -40 kilos of collected fuel-wood per day – women and children<br />Up to 6 hours of physical work daily<br />Significant financial returns to local economy through incentives and utilisation of locally available goods and services<br />Creation of income opportunities<br />Overall improvement of livelihoods <br />37<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  49. 49. 3. Scaling-Up of the RES driven IRD <br />38<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  50. 50. 3. Scaling-Up of the RES driven IRD Energy Efficiency <br />39<br />The selected EE measures should include the following:<br />improving building insulation by using locally available resources (straw and cane) and technologies (lathing and furring);<br />enhancing single glazed windows with a double glazing<br />improving cooking/heating stoves<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  51. 51. 40<br />3. Scaling-Up of the RES driven IRD Energy Efficiency <br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  52. 52. 4. Enabling eenvironment for the Scaling-Up <br />41<br />Technology Transfer<br />Know how for O&M<br />Manufacturing capacity<br />Engineering services<br />Training and education <br />Public awareness and information<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  53. 53. 4. Enabling eenvironment for the Scaling-Up <br />National Trust Fund for RES and EE<br />To provide organizational and financial support for development of RES and EE in Tajikistan through:<br />Provision of institutional support for electricity producers from RES, particularly to the local communities , i.e. managing the scheme of guaranteed RES electricity buy-back<br />Incentives for electricity buy-back for grid connected mHPPs<br />Financial aid for preparation of RES/EE project (up to 40%)<br />Financial aid for thermal and for off-grid RES installations (up to 40%; up to 100%)<br />42<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  54. 54. 4. Enabling eenvironment for the Scaling-Up <br /><ul><li>Legal establishment of the National Trust Fund for RES and EE
  55. 55. Government Regulation on establishment of “National Trust Fund for RES and EE” (drafted)
  56. 56. Establishment pursuant to the implementation of articles 14-16 of the Law “On the use of RES” and also on the basis of article 132 of the Civil Code
  57. 57. Main characteristics of the Fund:
  58. 58. Independent , non-commercial organization created by the Government
  59. 59. Funded by the Government wholly, or at least partially
  60. 60. Established for coordination and management of financial means targeted for development and implementation of RES and EE programs and projects
  61. 61. Projects of local communities for development of small scale energy supply systems have the priority in awarding financing from the Fund</li></ul>43<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  62. 62. Sources of financing – selected options<br />4. Enabling eenvironment for the Scaling-Up <br /><ul><li>Main sources secured by the Government
  63. 63. 0.7% of the annual lump sum cost of electricity supplied to the consumers through distribution grids as well of oil products imported by economic agents
  64. 64. 100% of the means collected from the environmental (ecology) tax paid by all vehicle drivers
  65. 65. Other sources:
  66. 66. means from the republic and local budgets, non budgeted means designated to the Fund at the order of the legislation of RT;
  67. 67. International and national (financial) institutions’ credits, grants and donations
  68. 68. Financial and material resources, allocated in compliance with multilateral and bilateral cooperation programs of the Fund;
  69. 69. Incomes from the own activities, i.e. incomes from the interest rates on preferential credits
  70. 70. Other sources not forbidden by effective legislations</li></ul>44<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  71. 71. Awarding financial support from the Fund <br />4. Enabling eenvironment for the Scaling-Up <br /><ul><li>Co-financing of projects/programs:
  72. 72. Allocated to physical and legal entities on the basis of open competition and inquiry
  73. 73. Priorities to be given to community based projects and realization of programs envisaged in strategic documents -> systematic approach
  74. 74. Conditions for obtaining financial assistance from the Fund shall be determined by the Rules of the Fund:
  75. 75. up to 50% of total costs for construction of community based RES power plants with condition that that 50% of power plant value is supplied by local sources in equipment and works -> resource based & development driven approach
  76. 76. up to 100% of total costs for national public promotional campaigns, educational and training programs on RES and EE -> human resources development
  77. 77. up to 40% of total costs for preparing project documentation
  78. 78. up to 40% of total costs for installation of RES systems for production of heat and implementation of EE improvement projects
  79. 79. up to 100% of total costs for RES and EE projects in remote rural regions and in the public sector</li></ul>45<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  80. 80. Awarding financial support from the Fund (<br />4. Enabling eenvironment for the Scaling-Up <br />Scheme for guaranteed buy-back of RES electricity<br />46<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  81. 81. Key pillars of the Fund’s operational strategy<br />4. Enabling eenvironment for the Scaling-Up <br /><ul><li>The Fund is needed to kick-start RES and EE activities on larger scale
  82. 82. Demonstrates the Government commitment
  83. 83. Attracts international financial institutions!
  84. 84. How to make the Fund fully operational?
  85. 85. Systematic approach – operation based on national strategies and scaling-up plan for RES based IRD
  86. 86. Resource-based and development driven – support primarily mHPP and demonstrate inclusion of domestic materials, products and work force
  87. 87. Human resources development – support educational and training programs to build national capacities for implementation ofRES and EE projects</li></ul>47<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  88. 88. 5. Impacts of Improved Access to Electricity on Poor Households and on the Environment<br />48<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  89. 89. 6. Conclusions <br />49<br />Scaling-up impacts:<br />Decreased indoor pollution<br />6 hours of saved time (women and children) -> possibility to acquire jobs and to study<br />Thousands of jobs and money making opportunities created<br />Millions of US$ to go back to local communities<br />Tons CO2 preserved in carbon sinks<br />Biodiversity preservation (decreased deforestation, soil erosion, desertification, salinization)<br />Overall improvement of the social services and quality of life<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  90. 90. 6. Conclusions <br />50<br />Addressing poverty by implementing sHPPs accelerates progress to MDGs achievement<br />Pilot projects proved successful => the way forward is to SCALE UP<br />Scaling up requires functional Trust Fund and Technology Transfer<br />The only available short-term solution for poverty reduction is to implement integrated rural development projects based on RES and EE.<br />Third Inter-Agency Conference on Regional Coordination and Compound Risks in Central Asia<br />
  91. 91. Thank you for your attention!<br />zoran.morvaj@undp.org<br />

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