The world only has 100-150 months to dramatically change the world’s energy supply trajectory and limit temperature rise to a "safe" 2 °C. Action – investment decisions that put the world on a different – more efficient resource use production and consumption path - is needed now.Significant investments are needed Stern review – cheaper to take action now. Investment decisions now will affect 2050 targets, action now is cheaper than inaction or late action;The transition to a low carbon world will transform our whole economy, the way we all live and work; Low-carbon growth is a new national development paradigm that creates new growth engines and increase of green jobs, green technology and clean energy Additionally: Population growth to 9 bln 2050 and;pressure on resource systems - McKinsey “Resource Revolution: Meeting the world’s energy, materials, food, and water needs greater pressure on resource systems together with increased environmental risks present a new set of leadership challenges for both private and public institutions; economic crisis
The Bali Action Plan calls for enhanced national and international climate change mitigation actions, including “nationally appropriate mitigation actions by developing country parties in thecontext of sustainable development, supported and enabled by technology, financing and capacity building, in a measurable, reportable and verifiable manner”.In 2009, the Copenhagen Accord (negotiated but not adopted) invited developing countries to align themselves with the Accord by communicating to the UNFCCC Secretariat NAMAs that would be recorded under Appendix II to the Accord.
In Serbia with the support of JICA – green development strategyIn Macedonia – with the support of the World BankIn Albania –USAID has plans
Charting a course away from dangerous climate change: A window of opportunity of 100 months• To keep within 2C threshold CO2eqv concentration should stabilize at 450 ppm• A sustainable emissions pathway will require the world to cut of 50 percent by 2050 World population predicted to reach nearly 9 billion by 2050 We have witnessed three economic transformations in the past century. First came the industrial revolution, then the technologyEntering into new era of green global revolution, then our modern era of globalization.economic growth, through significant We stand at the threshold of another greatmitigation of GHG emissions and generating change: the age of green economics.”funding for mitigation and adaptation UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-moonactions and thus creating new investmentopportunities
UNFCCC on NAMAs• Agreed in Bali in 2007 (COP13), submissions after Cancun 2010 (COP16) and elaborated at subsequent sessions: – Voluntary mitigation actions by developing countries – domestically implemented or internationally supported in the context of sustainable development – Any government-supported (prioritized under LEDS) policy, program, project that results in measurable GHG reductions can be a NAMA• Developments on: – MRV: domestic and international, biennial update reports, ICA – NAMA Registry: will record information and facilitate the matching of action and support (operational after Doha) – Financing: Green Climate Fund to support development and implementation (fast start finance and after it?)
Formats for NAMAThe Durban Agreements (2011) provide general framework of information that shouldbe provided for NAMAs seeking international support via the NAMA registry: (a) Description of the mitigation action and the national implementing entity, including contact info; (b) Expected timeframe for the implementation of the mitigation action; (c) Estimated full cost of the preparation; (d) Estimated full cost and/or incremental cost of implementation of the mitigation action; (e) Amount and type of support (financial, technological and capacity building) required to prepare and/or implement the mitigation action; (f) Estimated emission reductions; (g) Other indicators of implementation; (h) Other relevant information, including the co-benefits for local sustainable development, if information thereon exists. UNFCCC Registry: http://unfccc.int/cooperation_support/nama/items/6945.php UNEP: NAMA Idea Note (NINO) (similar to PIN for the CDM) http://namapipeline.org/Publications/LowCarbonDevelopmentStrategies_NAMAprimer.pdf
Current developments at Bangkok informal meetingProposed elements for Doha decision (not agreed): • To reiterate invitation to developing countries to submit NAMAs • Continue the process of understanding the diversity of NAMAs • To submit additional information on underlying assumptions, methodologies, sectors, gases, GWP, support needed • Compile information on NAMAs in a structured manner • Request the relevant body to develop MRV guidance for support • Work to clarify methodological issues, taking into account national diversity • Organize regional workshops to build capacity • Take stock of existing capacity building activities to support NAMAs development and implementation • Prepare a handbook to support preparation of NAMAs
UNFCCC workshop on NAMAs, BangkokIn session workshop on NAMAs (2 September 2012)Panel 1. Underlying assumptions and methodologies, sectors and gases , andestimated mitigation: Developing countries - instruments for transparency have been developed already (i.e., ICA and biennial update reports) so no need for additional processes on reporting and transparency; NAMAs are country-driven, diverse and must respect national circumstances; there is no need for their standardization Developed countries - value of increased transparency on NAMAs by expressing the underlying assumptions, such as GDP growth and baseline emissionsPanel 2. Support for NAMAs: EU - need for countries to contribute their own finance; NAMAs should fit within country’s broader LEDS. Operationalization of support through the UNFCCC Registry early next year Developing countries - need for all kind of capacity needs in regards to NAMA development, implementation, and MRVInformal summary: http://unfccc.int/files/adaptation/application/pdf/wsnamasummary4sep12.pdf
Supporting the EE and CIS transition to low-emissiondevelopment: Governments to have an enhanced capacity to design,access finance and implement LEDS/NAMAsRegional Project enabled to make informedThe countries will bepolicy and investment decisions, that reduce GHGemissions, reduce poverty, create newemployment opportunities and green jobs andmove societies towards long term sustainability.Developed:• How to Guide on Low-emission development strategies andNationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions: Eastern Europeand CIS – in English and Russian (other UNDP tools)• LEDS/Plans in Kazakhstan, Moldova, Turkey,Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, initiated in BiH and Croatiahttp://europeandcis.undp.org/home/publications/
How to organize NAMA development• The linkages to national communications and GHG inventories, as well as the data needed for designing a NAMA• Integration of NAMAs into broader low-carbon (SD) development,• Setting up a interministerial coordination and assure stakeholders involvement for identifying and prioritizing (criteria/political) NAMAs and• Identification of sources of finance, technology and c.b. needs• The MRV systems• Roles and responsibilities of different ministries and institutions in developing, submitting, implementing, and MRVing (double counting)
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