Millennium Development Goals in Ukraine


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Reports progress on the Millennium Development Goals in Ukraine

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Millennium Development Goals in Ukraine

  1. 1. Millennium Development Goals:Ukraine’s progress and way forward 1
  2. 2. In 2000, 189 nations made a promiseto free people from extreme povertyand multiple deprivations.This pledge became the eight MDGsto be achieved by 2015. In September 2010, the world recommitteditself to accelerate progress towards these goals.UNDPs Leadership on the MDGs: Accelerating progress/Tracking the MDGsThe MDGs provide a framework for the entire UN system to work coherently together toward a common end. UNDP, global development network on the ground in 177 countries and territories, is in a unique position to advocate for change, connect countries to knowledge and resources, and coordinate broader efforts at the country level. 2
  3. 3. MillenniumDevelopmentGoalsapproved by theUN MillenniumDeclaration inSeptember 2000Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hungerGoal 2: Achieve universal primary educationGoal 3: Promote gender equality and empower womenGoal 4: Reduce child mortalityGoal 5: Improve maternal health.Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseasesGoal 7: Ensure environmental sustainabilityGoal 8: Develop a global partnership for development 3
  4. 4. MDGs set for UkraineGoal 1. Reduce poverty (3 targets, 5 indicators)Goal 2. Ensure quality lifelong education (2 targets, 6 indicators)Goal 3. Promote gender equality (2 targets, 4 indicators)Goal 4. Reduce child mortality (1 target, 2 indicators)Goal 5. Improve maternal health (1 target, 2 indicators)Goal 6. Reduce and slow down the spread of HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis and initiate a trend to decrease their scales (2 targets, 6 indicators)Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainability 4 (4 targets, 8 indicators)
  5. 5. Olivier Adam, UN Resident Coordinator in Ukraine: “While it is clear that these are challenging times for all countries, and in particular for Ukraine, achieving the MDGs is possible, given political will, adequate commitment, efforts and resources”.3 September 2010, MDGs-Ukraine report presentation, Kiyv, UkrainePresident of Ukraine Viktor Yanykovych: “The MDGs are both a reference and a system of priorities for implementation of the strategy of reforms in Ukraine because they indicate the acutest problems our society faces today”.22 September 2010, MDGs Summit, speech from the UN General Assembly rostrum, New York 5
  6. 6. Progress in achieving MDGs:Ukraine has managed to achieve certain progressin poverty reduction in absolute terms,in ensuring access to primary and secondary education,in improving maternal health, in reducing child mortality… HOWEVER …• poverty is an acute problem troubling society• education quality causes discontent in society• no progress in gender disparity reduction has been achieved, there being an income gender gap• environmental problems have become sharper AND…the scale of HIV/AIDS and TB spread has grown substantially 6
  7. 7. Goal 1: Poverty Reduction The poverty level as per the relative criterion in 2010 was 24.1%. During the recent ten years,the relative poverty level has remained comparably stable (at 26-27%) although the national poverty line has increased almostfivefold over that period (from UAH 175 in 2001 to UAH 944 in2010).A high poverty level can be seen in the families with two children(40.7%) and families with many children (58.4%) as well as inthe families having children and unemployed adults (36.3%). 7
  8. 8. Goal 2. Ensure Quality Lifelong EducationNet enrollment rate…in preschool educational institutions for children aged 3-5 in urban areas - 87.5% in 2010 in rural areas - 49.7% in 2010…for for children in secondary education - 97.3% in 2010…in post-secondary institutions for those aged 17-22 - 47% in 2010Sociological surveys showed that about half of Ukraine’spopulation is not satisfied with secondary education quality(47.5%) while one third is satisfied (33.5%) 8
  9. 9. Goal 3. Promote Gender EqualityThe women’s share among the members of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine is 8% at present, reflecting both the lack of political will to complete gender transformations at the highest level of management and the lack of legislatively enshrined changes concerning parity representation of women and men in representative management bodies.The actual value of the women-to-men ratio among top-level managers was 25/75 in 2010. The average wage ratio between women and men increased to 77.8% in 2010 (average wage of women in Ukraine was UAH 1974 per month in 2010, as opposed to that of men - UAH 2538). 9
  10. 10. Goal 4: Reduced Child MortalityChild mortality in Ukraine has decreased,it was 9.1 per 1000 births in 2010.One of the most important ways to prevent mortality is topromote birth of healthy babies through preservation andstrengthening of young people’s reproductive health 10
  11. 11. Goal 5: Improve Maternal HealthA decrease in the maternal mortality level has been observed in Ukraine, from 24.7 per 100,000 live births in 2000 to 23.5 in 2010.However, a comparison of values on the indicator throughout 2000–2010 is incorrect, since from 2005 Ukraine has been coding mortality data according to the International Statistical Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision 11
  12. 12. Goal 6: Reduce and Slow Down the Spread of HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis and Initiate a Trend to Decrease Their ScalesThe number of new HIV infection cases in Ukraine has been constantly growing: in 2009 and 2010, respectively 19840 and 20489 new HIV infection cases were officially recorded.These are the highest figures over the entire history of epidemiological HIV surveillance (commenced in Ukraine in 1987). However, the HIV incidence growth has been going down since 2006 12
  13. 13. Goal 6: Reduce and Slow Down theSpread of HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis…Tuberculosis rate decreased by 6.1% among general population in 2010, by 5.2% among adolescents, and by 10.9% among children. Tuberculosis-related mortality dropped by 7% in 2010 due to complete provision with anti-TB drugs. However, the tuberculosis incidence rate is still higher than the epidemic threshold.Problems such as growing morbidity and mortality caused by TB/HIV co-infection, as well as multidrug -resistant TB spread are becoming extremely topical 13
  14. 14. Goal 7: Ensure Environmental SustainabilityShare of urban population with access to centralized water supply, % of overall urban population was 90.5% in 2010.Volume of emissions of pollutants into atmosphere from stationary sources, million tonnes per year was 4.13 in 2010The ecological situation in Ukraine is characterized by significant regional discrepancies in the level of human- induced burdens on the environment. Problems with the collection, use, disposal and removal of waste of all types of hazard have increased. 14