Local Development Programmes in UNDP Ukraine
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Local Development Programmes in UNDP Ukraine

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UNDP presentation by Oksana Remiga, Programme Manager, UNDP Ukraine

UNDP presentation by Oksana Remiga, Programme Manager, UNDP Ukraine

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Local Development Programmes in UNDP Ukraine Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Local Development Programmes UNDP Ukraine – Scaling Up of Community-Led Initiatives
    Bratislava 2011
  • 2. Institutional and Social Context
    • Slow progress towards decentralization, - relationship between the state and citizen is still based on a notion of power and top-down
    • 3. Absent democratic traditions of public involvement in local decision-making and development processes
    • 4. Low capacity of local civil servants.
    • 5. Largely unreformed system of public services
    • 6. Wide-spread expectation that the government is responsible for addressing all public needs
  • Institutional and Social Context
    Worsening demographic trends
    death rates for newborns are higher in rural areas (10.6% and 9.3% correspondently)
    death rate is higher in rural population than urban areas (20 % and 15% correspondently)
    Poverty and unemployment among the rural population
    Poverty level ismorethantwicethatoflargecities
    Decreased living standards in rural areas
    • 269 villages with the population from 500 to 1000 people do not have health posts,
    • 7. Inhabitants of almost 1200 villages of AR Crimea and 13 oblasts do not have regular access to drinking water
  • Our Response
    Five UNDP programmes: different challenges – similar approach
    • Area-Based Development approach and community mobilization
    • 8. Capacity development for local authorities
    • 9. Support on the central policy level
    As a result – scaling up and expansion to all oblasts of Ukraine
  • 10. UNDP present
    in all 25 administrative regions
    in 1/3 of districts
    in 10% of Ukrainian villages
  • 11. Local Development Programmes
    Chernobyl Recovery and Development (CRDP) –2002-2010 (8.5 mln. USD)
    Crimea Integration and Development Project (CIDP) – 1995-2011 (28 mln. USD)
    Regional Development Agency Support Programme – 2010-2012 ( 2 mln. USD)
    Human Security Monitoring and Public Dialogue - 2010-2011 (600 000 USD)
    Municipal Governance and Sustainable Development Project (MGSDP) – 2004-2012 (8.2 mln USD)
    Youth Social Inclusion for Civic Engagement in Ukraine – 2008-2011 (1 mln. USD)
    Community Based Approach to Local Development (CBA) - 2007-2015 (41 mln. USD)
  • 12. Лише сільські території
    Лише села на територіях, постраждалих від наслідків Чорнобильської катастрофи
    CBA Emerged
    As a Result
    2002
    2001
    Лише міські території
    Села та міста
    2004
    2007
  • 13. Local Development Programmes
  • 14. Local Development Programmes
    Chernobyl Recovery and Development (CRDP) - to mitigate long-term social, economic and ecological consequences of the Chornobyl catastrophe, to promote sustainable human development in Chornobyl affected regions
    Crimea Integration and Development Project (CIDP) –to maintain tolerance and stability in Crimea
  • 15. Local Development Programmes
    Municipal Governance and Sustainable Development Project (MGSDP)to strengthen municipal governance and support sustainable development in urban communities
    Youth Social Inclusion for Civic Engagement
    in Ukraine
    to support youth inclusion in Ukraine and to foster democratic reforms and youth civic engagement
  • 16. Local Development Programmes
    Community Based Approach to Local Development (CBA)
    supports communities in all regions of Ukraine in covering the most urgent developmental needs through self-organization, capacity building, and implementation of small-scale community initiatives
  • 17. Our Achievements
    In total, over 2005-2011 UNDP Ukraine:
    • Assisted 2 000 communities
    • 18. Supported the implementation of 1 700 community projects
    • 19. Provided training to more than 10 000 local officials, teachers, medical workers
    • 20. Supported development of Draft law “On the Bodies of Self-Organisation of Population” ( endorsed by Parliament in a first reading)
    • 21. Partnership with key line Ministries established, policy dialogue initiated
    • 22. Curricula on sustainable development for universities developed and implemented by the Academy of Municipal Management
  • Our Achievements
    As a result:
    Mindset of population is changing towards more active position in the local development
    Local authorities are applying our approach on the basis of local resources
    Central line ministries are using the experience of our local partners as a model for national replication
  • 23. Rapid Expansion - Ensuring Quality of the Process
    Initial method was adjusted to the Ukrainian context
    Systematic analysis of the experience in Crimea, Chernobyl affected territories and in pilot municipalities, adjustment to the changing environment
    Outcome evaluation 2006
    Over 3,000 individuals trained in principles of community development
    Comprehensive manuals developed to support the consistency of the approach
  • 24. Challenges
    Despite attempts at central level reform, there remain numerous policy and legal obstacles to the self-governance and sustainable development
    Comprehensive capacity development programme on the local level is required to ensure sustainability of services and methodology
    Changes in perception require a lot of time and resources
  • 25. Lessons Learned
    Work with communities provide a window not only for horizontal (geographical) expansion, but also for vertical scale up
    Specific elements of ABD projects could be easily transformed and tailored to local needs, although facilities for that should be in place
    Gradual integration of community-based approach into local decision making practices ensures sustainability of results
    In the period of political instability assistance on the grass root level helps to keep the momentum of reforms
  • 26. What’s next”?
    Work with all levels of government to ensure sustainable results
    Advocate for policy reforms in local governance and public services delivery on the basis of experience of implementation of community led projects
    Comprehensive capacity development programme on the local level
    Bringing climate change mitigation considerations into the agenda of local governments
    Development and implementation of local strategies on improving energy efficiency
    Strong linkages with Focus 5 Programme
    Building up on the partnership with municipalities
    Institutionalization of community led approach
  • 27. Opportunities
    “Channel”changesand best practices intheareaofenvironment, ecology, goodgovernance, gender to very broad audience, which might be very difficult to reach otherwise.
    Power to bring policy solutions from basic, community levelto the policy level.
    Bringpolicychangestothe grass-rootslevel
    Assistance package to each region should be further developed to reflect its specific needs