Kazakhstan   and itsneighbours:  A humandevelopmentperspective   Ben Slay UNDP Bratislava Regional Centre
Kazakhstan: A high human   development country0.96                   High human                                        Med...
Rapid progress since 2000 inKazakhstan’s neighbourhood                        0.8                                         ...
Gender inequality index:        Kazakhstan scores well                                                                    ...
Remaining challenge: Socio-        economic vulnerability?80%                                                       • Inte...
Some challenges for the          green economy18.0       15.1                                             Tonnes of CO2   ...
In conclusion—The most recent data show that:           • Kazakhstan is making           good progress with           huma...
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Kazakhstan and its neighbours - A human development perspective

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  • What can we learn from this development success? Why have some countries done better than others?
  • Kazakhstan and its neighbours - A human development perspective

    1. 1. Kazakhstan and itsneighbours: A humandevelopmentperspective Ben Slay UNDP Bratislava Regional Centre
    2. 2. Kazakhstan: A high human development country0.96 High human Medium human development development 0.79 0.79 0.75 0.74 0.73 0.72 0.70 0.70 0.69 0.68 0.65 0.62 0.62 Human development indexes. Source: 2013 HDR.
    3. 3. Rapid progress since 2000 inKazakhstan’s neighbourhood 0.8 Russia• Especially forKazakhstan 0.75 Kazakhstan China 0.7• Not all neighbours Uzbekistanhave been equally 0.65 Kyrgyzstansuccessful 0.6 Tajikistan o Since 2005 Kyrgyzstan has not 0.55 made very rapid progress 0.5 2000 2005 2010 2012 Human development indexes. Source: 2013 HDR.
    4. 4. Gender inequality index: Kazakhstan scores well 0.61 0.46 0.50 0.34 0.34 0.36 0.37 0.31 0.31 0.21 0.05 Less -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- MoreDeterminants: Women in parliament, maternal mortality, labour force participation, education attainment. Source: 2013 HDR.
    5. 5. Remaining challenge: Socio- economic vulnerability?80% • Internationally PPP$4.30/day (KAZ) comparable70% PPP$4.30/day (RF) income poverty60% data show that: PPP$1.25/day (KAZ) o Absolute income50% poverty in40% Kazakhstan has been eradicated . .30% . o . . . But20% vulnerability to poverty remains an10% issue oSome neighbours 0% continued to 2001 2002 2003 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 reduce Source: World Bank POVCALNET database. poverty, despite
    6. 6. Some challenges for the green economy18.0 15.1 Tonnes of CO2 emissions, per-capita 12.0 10.5 (2008) 9.5 7.0 6.5 5.3 4.6 4.5 4.0 Source: 2013 HDR.
    7. 7. In conclusion—The most recent data show that: • Kazakhstan is making good progress with human development . . . • . . . As are other countries in the neighbourhood . . . • There may still be challenges to address: • Socio-economic vulnerability • Environmental sustainability

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