Violence against women continues to persist as one of the most heinous,systematic and prevalent human rights abuses in the world. It is a threat to all women, and an obstacle to all our efforts for development, peace and gender equality in all societies. — UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon 25 November – International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women
VAW: definition & mythsGeneral Assembly in Declaration on theElimination of Violence against Women(1993): • VAW only affects small percentage of women- any act of gender-based violence that • DV is a family (personal) issueresults in, or is likely to result in, physical, only, nobody has the right tosexual or mental harm or suffering to women, interfereincluding threats of such acts, coercion or • Women get what they deserve,arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether provoke itoccurring in public or in private life”. Includes • She must enjoy it or she wouldphysical, sexual and psychological violence leaveoccurring in the family and in the general • Men have the right to discipline their partnercommunity, including battering, sexual abuseof children, dowry-related violence, rape, • Leaving family is bad for childrenfemale genital mutilation and other traditional • All men who violent come from abusive family or are uneducatedpractices harmful to women, non-spousal (working class)violence and violence related to exploitation, • DV is a one time, isolatedsexual harassment and intimidation at work, occurrencein educational institutions and elsewhere, • It doesn’t affect me, its not mytrafficking in women, forced prostitution, and problemviolence perpetrated or condoned by thestate."
The issue on…human rights agenda,development agenda, and security agenda • 1/3 women beaten, coerced into sex, abused in lifetime — with the abuser usually someone known to her - 71% in rural Ethiopia, 50 % of women in Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Peru and Tanzania, 30% in UK and 22% in USA • 1/5 women become a victim of rape or attempted rape in her lifetime • women aged 15 to 44 years, violence - major cause of death and disability, rating higher than cancer, motor vehicle accidents, war and malaria • 55% - 95% of women who had been physically abused by their partners had never contacted NGOs, shelters or the police for help • women who have experienced violence are at a higher risk of HIV infection
The issue on…human rights agenda,development agenda, and security agenda• traditional harmful practices continue to exist – genital mutilation, dowry murder, honour killing, early marriage, …• economic costs…of intimate partner violence in the United States alone exceed US$5.8 billion per year: US$4.1 billion are for direct medical and health care services, while productivity losses account for nearly US$1.8 billion (2003)• 60% of senior executives said that domestic violence, which limits women’s workplace participation, has an adverse effect on company productivity. domestic violence victims lose nearly 8 million days of paid work per year — the equivalent of 32,000 full-time jobs
UN and VAW •1976 General Assembly resolution 31/133 sets up United Nations Development Fund for Women to help improve the living standards of women in developing countries and to address their concerns. •1991 - Women’s Global Institute sets 25 November - International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women and 10 December - International Human Rights Day + 16 Days Campaign •1993 – General Assembly Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women – underlined that “violence against women constitutes a violation of the rights and freedoms of women” and identified “a need for ... commitment by the international community at large to the elimination of VAW.” •1995 Beijing Platform for Action: “VAW is a barrier to achieveing equality, development and peace, VAW is human rights abuse.”
UN and VAW •1996- General Assembly resolution 50/166 to set up UN Trust Fund to End Violence Against Women. US$13 million and 263 projects up to date •1999 – UN officially joins the 16 Day Campaign & International Day through GA resolution 54/134 •Security Council Resolution 1325 calls “all parties to armed conflict to take special measures to protect women and girls from gender based violence, particularly rape and other forms of sexual abuse”. •UNHCR – Special Rapporteur on VAW •www.saynotoviolence.org to be launched on 26 November, UNIFEM & Goodwill Ambassador Nicole Kidman
VAW in Uzbekistan Domestic Violence in Uzbekistan– Majority of murders, beatings, sexual crimes are committed within familyagainst women and children- Most of cases have latent character (underreported)-No separate legislation on VAW, DV or THB (no criminalization of DV,absence of mechanisms for protection of victims, etc.)-Some articles of existing legislations require modification/addition. E.g. murder& beating punishment severity within family, absence of article on sexualharassment and sex based discrimination- According to General Prosecutors office statistics in 2005-2006 and 1 quarterof 2007 37 cases of early marriage were considered in court-Illegal labour migration and trafficking of people is on the rise among CIScountries, including Uzbekistan, for women trafficking often means findingthemselves in slave-like conditions in the sex industry or other parts of theinformal economy. Women more likely to have faced abuse when engaged inlabour migration and deteriorated family relations upon return.
From words to action… -Strong political will and commitment -Relevant laws, statutes, rapporteurs in place Only 60 countries have specific legislation on domestic violence in place (2007), 89 have some provisions in other laws 104 countries have made marital rape a crime, 90 have provisions against sexual harassment, 93 prohibit trafficking of people -Sufficient resources allocated -Police, judiciary, health officials trained -General awareness raised -Continued advocacy and mass media campaigns -State NGO partnership exists -….
From words to action-what YOU can do…not just today but every day! • Educate yourself on human rights, women’s issues, domestic violence • Spread the word among your children and extended family, friends, colleagues, especially among men! • Organize an event or activity in your family, community, work place • When notice violence report immediately!