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Climate Change Negotiations Current Status (by June 2011)
 

Climate Change Negotiations Current Status (by June 2011)

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UNDP presentation by Gabriela Fischerova and Daniela Stoycheva, Climate Change Policy Advisors, UNDP Bratislava Regional Centre

UNDP presentation by Gabriela Fischerova and Daniela Stoycheva, Climate Change Policy Advisors, UNDP Bratislava Regional Centre

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    Climate Change Negotiations Current Status (by June 2011) Climate Change Negotiations Current Status (by June 2011) Presentation Transcript

    • Current status of Climate Change negotiations(by June 2011)
      Gabriela Fischerova and Daniela Stoycheva
      Climate Change Policy Advisors
      UNDP
      Bratislava Regional Centre
    • BonnClimate Change Talks
      Held from 6 – 17 June 2011 in Bonn, Germany
      34th session of subsidiary bodies:
      Subsidiary body for implementation – SBI
      Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice – SBSTA
      Second part of the Ad hoc working groups sessions
      Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention – AWG LCA, 14th session
      Ad Hoc Working Group on Further Commitments for Annex I Parties under the Kyoto Protocol – AWG KP, 16th session
    • Additional events at Bonn CC Talks
      Two pre-session workshops: on Technology Needs Assessments and on Research
      Two in session workshops: on Annex I mitigation targets and on nationally appropriate mitigation actions submitted by developing country Parties
      Forum on response measures and special event on the forum
      Presentation of IPCC Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation
      SBI in-session workshop on of observer organizations
      Open-ended informal consultations on the outcome of Durban
    • Priorioties (As in Bali Action Plan)
      Develop future international climate regime to prevent the dangerous climate change
      Keep raise of the temperature by 2100 on max 2°C
      Mitigation actions by both developed and developing countries
      Adaptation
      Technology development and transfer
      Finansing
      The main task of this second round of negotiations after Cancun was to agree on the features for the Second Commitment Period (SCP) under the Kyoto Protocol and to operationalise the agreed bodies/funds under the Cancun Agreement.
    • Convention track – AWG LCA
      Preparation of a comprehensive and balanced outcome to enable full, effective and sustained implementation of the Convention through long-term cooperative action now, up to and beyond 2012
      Based on Cancun Agreement and Bali Action Plan:
      Shared vision
      Mitigation
      Adaptation
      Finance
      Technology
      Capacity Building
    • AWG LCA – Shared vision
      To identify the goal for peaking of the global emissions (with respect to both time and the level of the peaking emissions)
      Global goal for emissions reductions in 2050
      Other issues proposed: CBDR; trade; equity; carbon budget; global goals for finance; technology and adaptation, response measures
      Outcome; facilitators` note summarizing discussion, bracketed text of the draft decision:
    • AWG LCA – Mitigation by Annex I countries
      In-session workshop (9 June)
      Topics discussed:
      Increasing level of ambition of AI countries, accounting rules
      Guidelines for MRV, biennial reports
      Compliance mechanism
      Review of adequacy of the long-term global goal
      Market mechanisms, LULUCF
      Expectations from Durban
      Outcome: Summary of co-facilitators: call for submissions, call for preparation of technical papers, technical experts workshop between Bonn and Durban
    • AWG LCA – NAMAs by developing countries
      In-session workshop (10 June)
      Topics discussed:
      Procedures
      Priority issues to be addressed before Durban
      Registry
      guidelines for biennial reporting
      International consultations and analysis (ICA) of biennial reports (process, sequencing, scope, outputs)
      Expectations from Durban
    • AWG LCA – Mitigation miscellanous:
      REDD+ (financing, sources of funding)
      Sectoral approaches (general framework; agriculture; international aviation and shipping)
      Market and non-market mechanisms (consistency, eligibility, cap, scope, characteristics, governance)
      Response measures (forum on RM, worksplan for forum, areas of work)
    • AWG LCA – REDD+, sectoral approaches
      REDD+
      Financing
      Sources of funding (public; national; international; GCF; market mechanism)
      Result-based actions
      No formal outcome from Bonn on REDD+
      Sectoral approaches:
      General framework (GF)
      Agriculture, international aviation and shipping – bracketed draft decisions with options
      Four options for GF draft decision outlined
      Outcome in the form of facilitators notes
    • AWG LCA – market and non-market approaches
      Outline of the possible decision:
      Consistency, eligibility criteria, cap on offsets
      Scope, characteristics, governance
      Process and timing
      Work prior Durban COP17
      Address both market and non-market mechanism
      Pre-sessional workshop before Panama session (October 2011)
    • AWG LCA – response measures
      Joint SBI/SBSTA forum established during the first week, meeting daily next week
      Issue of establishing a permanent central and unique forum on response measures discussed
      Areas of work to be indentified:
      Adverse effects of the CC,
      Sharing information to enhance understanding
      Possible adverse effects on international trade
      Research and assessment RM
      Enhancing support to developing country parties
      Enhancing reporting and verification
    • AWG LCA – Adaptation
      Adaptation Committee as a main topic:
      Operalization
      Composition
      Modalities of procedures
      Functions
      Linkages with other institutions
      Decision making
      Chairmanship
      Draft decision in the form of note of the facilitators
    • AWG LCA – Technology
      Arrangements for the new Technology Mechanism
      Climate Change Technology Centre and Network (CTCN)
      Criteria for host country
      Selection process
      Governance structure
      Terms of Reference
      Relations of CTCN to Technology Executive Committee
      Potential links between the Technology Mechanism and the financial mechanism, and other institutions under the Convention
      Additional functions of TEC and CTCN
    • AWG LCA - Finance
      Standing Committee (SC)
      Role and functions
      Relationship with the COP
      MRV of financing support
      Instruments for MRV (registry)
      Parties provided submissions on SC, captured in facilitator`s note
    • AWG LCA – other items
      Capacity building
      Review of the long-term goal (scope, principles, process, inputs, way forward)
      Legal options (Protocol, amendment to the UNFCCC, COP decisions, combination)
      Other matters (EIT in relation to the post-2012 financial commitments; Turkey`s position as developed country)
    • Kyoto Protocol track – AWG KP
      Political and technical issues discussed in parallel
      Political: level of ambition, targets for developed countries, carryover of AAUs…
      Technical: rules on setting a targets, LULUCF, offsets, new gases, methodological issues…
      Canada, Japan, and Russia – do not intend to join second commitment period,
      Australia, New Zealand and other consider 2nd CP as a transitional towards new global treaty for the third CP
      No sign of increasing level of targets of Annex I
      The gap between commitment period
    • AWG KP (cont.)
      • Flexibility mechanisms:
      • Text from Cancun discussed (FCCC/KP/AWG/2010/18/Add.10)
      • No streamlined text
      • Discussion on: use of CERs from project activities in LDCs; discount factor; share of proceeds for Adaptation Fund; new market mechanisms; supplementarity
      • LULUCF:
      • Streamlined text (from 40 to 12 pages)
      • All options still in the text
      • Discussed issues: force majeure, technical issues such as definitions
    • AWG KP (cont.)
      Basket of methodological issues:
      Progress on some new gases (species of hydroflourocarbons and perflourocarbons listed in IPCC 4AR, sulfur hexafluoride)
      Inclusion of nitrogen triflouride still open
      Progress on text on common metrics
    • SBSTA – 34th session
      Agenda agreed with difficulties (3 days of informal consultations)
      Progress on only few substantial items:
      Nairobi work programme
      Review of the second phase of NWP concluded
      Further work (up to the end of 2011) – survey to indentify priority needs; compilation of information on ecosystem-based adaptation; technical paper on water and CC imapcts to adaptation; joint SBI/SBSTA in-session workshop
      35th session to considerations of the work for the third phase (duration and activities)
    • SBSTA – 34th session (cont.)
      REDD+
      Work has started on Methodological guidance for REDD activities (Forest reference levels and forest reference emission levels, MRV, safeguards) – submissions invited by 19 September
      Issues to be addressed by COP 17
      Meeting of technical experts to be organized before Durban
      Development and Transfer of Technology
      Technological Needs Assessments (TNAs) – pre-sessional workshop
    • SBSTA – 34th session (cont.)
      No progress on methodological issues
      Emissions from aviation and maritime transport
      New gases
      Revision on reporting guidelines
      Materiality standards for CDM
      Common metric to calculate CO2 equivalent
    • SBI – 34th session
      National Communications from Annex I Parties – 6th NC should be submitted by 1 January 2014
      National Communications from Non-Annex I Parties – work programme for Consultative Group of Experts agreed, frequency to be considered at the next SBI session
      Financial mechanism – National Economic, Environment and Development Study (NEEDS) for climate change was discussed, funding needs for global climate observations and further support to strengthen observation networks and capabilities in developing countries
    • SBI – 34th session (cont.)
      National adaptation plans – expert meeting on process of LDCs to develop and implement NAPs and how to receive support for both developing and LDCs. Submissions are invited by 15 August on the process and guidelines
      Loss and damage – technical workshop to share views on current work being undertaken across the multilateral system on this issue. Within the SBI, parties agreed to hold another technical workshop to share views on how a work plan under the Convention could function and what financial and technical support may be needed.
    • SBI – 34th session (cont.)
      Joint SBI/SBSTA forum on response measures
      • Parties views on impacts of response measures and the scope and modalities of the work
      • Issues of international trade, oil exports, impacts on tourism were mentioned.
      • Requests to streamline the response measures issues form other agendas preferentially under the forum, opposed by some other parties
      • Work will continue in Durban with the aim to adopt modalities of work of the forum. Submissions are invited from parties and observers by 19 September 2011 to be further considered at 354th session of SBs.
    • SBI – 34th session (cont.)
      Future sessions:
    • THANK YOU!