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Beijing’s Declaration and Platform for Action agenda: Progress in Europe and Central Asia
Beijing’s Declaration and Platform for Action agenda: Progress in Europe and Central Asia
Beijing’s Declaration and Platform for Action agenda: Progress in Europe and Central Asia
Beijing’s Declaration and Platform for Action agenda: Progress in Europe and Central Asia
Beijing’s Declaration and Platform for Action agenda: Progress in Europe and Central Asia
Beijing’s Declaration and Platform for Action agenda: Progress in Europe and Central Asia
Beijing’s Declaration and Platform for Action agenda: Progress in Europe and Central Asia
Beijing’s Declaration and Platform for Action agenda: Progress in Europe and Central Asia
Beijing’s Declaration and Platform for Action agenda: Progress in Europe and Central Asia
Beijing’s Declaration and Platform for Action agenda: Progress in Europe and Central Asia
Beijing’s Declaration and Platform for Action agenda: Progress in Europe and Central Asia
Beijing’s Declaration and Platform for Action agenda: Progress in Europe and Central Asia
Beijing’s Declaration and Platform for Action agenda: Progress in Europe and Central Asia
Beijing’s Declaration and Platform for Action agenda: Progress in Europe and Central Asia
Beijing’s Declaration and Platform for Action agenda: Progress in Europe and Central Asia
Beijing’s Declaration and Platform for Action agenda: Progress in Europe and Central Asia
Beijing’s Declaration and Platform for Action agenda: Progress in Europe and Central Asia
Beijing’s Declaration and Platform for Action agenda: Progress in Europe and Central Asia
Beijing’s Declaration and Platform for Action agenda: Progress in Europe and Central Asia
Beijing’s Declaration and Platform for Action agenda: Progress in Europe and Central Asia
Beijing’s Declaration and Platform for Action agenda: Progress in Europe and Central Asia
Beijing’s Declaration and Platform for Action agenda: Progress in Europe and Central Asia
Beijing’s Declaration and Platform for Action agenda: Progress in Europe and Central Asia
Beijing’s Declaration and Platform for Action agenda: Progress in Europe and Central Asia
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Beijing’s Declaration and Platform for Action agenda: Progress in Europe and Central Asia

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This March 2014 presentation reviews Beijing’s Declaration and Platform for Action agenda and looks at the progress made in Europe and Central Asia since 1995 .

This March 2014 presentation reviews Beijing’s Declaration and Platform for Action agenda and looks at the progress made in Europe and Central Asia since 1995 .

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  • 1. Beijing’s Declaration and Platform for Action agenda: the Progress in Europe and Central Asia Region Since 1995 March 2014
  • 2. Education and Training of Women 77.7 70.3 73.2 79.4 69.9 67.2 66.7 78.8 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Caucasus and CIS Central Asia Central and Eastern Europe Western Balkans and Turkey 2000 2010 Share of Women amongst Illiterate adults
  • 3. Education and Training of Women Some progress can be noted in women’s access to education. 92.4 94.1 89 75 94.7 97 88 76 95.8 101.8 95 80 0 20 40 60 80 100 Caucasus & CIS Central Asia Central & Eastern Europe Western Balkans & Turkey Source: International Human Development Indicators. Number of Women per 100 Men with at Least Secondary Education 2000 2005 2010
  • 4. 31.40 42.31 35.76 36.05 33.28 36.68 37.76 36.06 40.74 35.90 30.97 35.51 39.96 35.90 37.45 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Caucasus & CIS Central & Eastern Europe Central Asia Western Balkans & Turkey (%oftotal) Source: UNESCO Institute of Statistics. Share of Female Students in Technical and Vocational Programmes 1995 2000 2005 2010 Education and Training of Women
  • 5. Women and Poverty In the region women still earn less than men in similar jobs. *Indicator definition: Gender pay gap is the difference between men’s and women’s average earnings from employment, shown as a percentage of men’s average earnings. 17.60 21.35 33.60 15.30 25.10 15.57 26.25 8.50 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Caucasus and CIS Central and Eastern Europe Central Asia Western Balkans and Turkey percentage Source: UNECE Statistical Database, compiled from national and international official sources. Gender Pay Gap* as Difference in Monthly Earnings 2005 2010
  • 6. Women and Health Life-expectancy of both men and women has been gradually rising. However, women out-live men by almost 10 years on average. 64.0 66.5 67.0 66.7 65.5 68.1 68.3 71.2 70.3 71.1 70.6 74.3 74.0 76.7 77.2 81.5 72.6 74.9 77.0 82.1 70.0 71.9 72.9 73.675.0 76.8 77.5 79.1 60 62 64 66 68 70 72 74 76 78 80 82 84 1995 2000 2005 2010 years MEN Life Expectancy at Birth Caucasus & CIS Central & Eastern Europe Central Asia Western Balkans & Turkey Caucasus & CIS Western Balkans & Turkey Central Asia Central & Eastern Europe Source: UNECE Statistical Database, compiled from national official sources. WOMEN
  • 7. Women and Health More women have now better access to reproductive health services. 39.34 22.26 19.11 48.30 35.95 25.21 13.07 17.40 11.34 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 2000 2005 2010 (Annualnumberofmaternaldeathsper100,000LiverBirths) Source: European health for all database (HFA-DB). Maternal Deaths per 100,000 Live Births Caucasus & CIS Central Asia Central & Eastern Europe Western Balkans & Turkey
  • 8. Women and Health More women have access to professional medical care when giving birth. 95.9 97.2 99.7 92.3 95.7 95.4 99.3 99.2 99.6 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 2000 2005 2010 (%ofbirthattendedbyskilledpersonne)l Source: Millenniun Develoment Goals Indicators. Births Attended by Skilled Health Personnel Caucasus & CIS Central Asia Central & Eastern Europe Western Balkans & Turkey
  • 9. Women and Health Number of women infected by HIV has been rising. 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 16000 18000 20000 22000 24000 26000 28000 30000 32000 34000 36000 38000 40000 42000 44000 46000 1995 2000 2005 2010Source: UNAIDS, AIDS Info. Estimated Number of Women (15 +) Living with HIV Ukraine Central and Eastern Europe Caucasus and CIS Central Asia Western Balkans and Turkey
  • 10. Violence against Women Violence against women remains a serious challenge in the region National statistics on violence against women that would allow for meaningful regional comparisons in the time-frame chosen are scarce In this region violence often remains unreported due to fear of stigma, unawareness of legal rights or distrust in the police and legal system.
  • 11. Gender perspective is only a recent addition to conflict resolution and management and has not been widely implemented yet. Gender disaggregated data on armed conflicts that would allow for meaningful regional comparisons in the time-frame chosen are scarce 6 countries in the region have national action plan for the implementation of .UN Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325).: Georgia, Kyrgyz Republic, Lithuania , Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Serbia UNSCR 1325 is the first legal documents that specifically addresses the impact of war on women, and women's contributions to conflict resolution and sustainable peace. Women and Armed Conflicts
  • 12. There are still fewer economically active women than men. Women and the Economy 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 1995 2000 2005 2010 % Source: World Development Indicators. Ratio of Female to Male Labor Participation Rate Caucasus & CIS Central Asia Central & Eastern Europe Western Balkans & Turkey
  • 13. 0 5 10 15 20 25 Caucasus and CIS Central Asia Central and Eastern Europe Western Balkans and Turkey percentage Unemployment Rate. Female 2000 2005 2010 0 5 10 15 20 25 Caucasus and CIS Central Asia Central and Eastern Europe Western Balkans and Turkey Unemployment Rate. Male 2000 2005 2010 Women and the Economy
  • 14. Women in Power and Decision-making Ensuring women’s equal participation in political life on the highest legislative and executive levels remains a challenge.
  • 15. Women in Power and Decision-making Ensuring women’s equal participation in political life on the highest legislative and executive levels remains a challenge.
  • 16. Institutional Mechanisms for Advancement of Women National machineries for advancement of women have been strengthened. National Machinery for Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment are in place in 21 countries of region : Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Cyprus, Georgia , Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Lithuania, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, T ajikistan, The FYR of Macedonia, Turkey, Ukraine Uzbekistan
  • 17. Human Rights of Women There is little data available on human rights and women in the region. Progress can be systematically monitored only on the level of legislation and compliance with international agreements. 1979 1995 2000 2005 Present Albania Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Cyprus Georgia Kyrgyzstan Lithuania Poland Republic of Moldova Romania Tajikistan The FYR Macedonia Ukraine Tajikistan Turkmenistan Uzbekistan Kazakhstan Serbia Turkey Montenegro Ratification , Accession, Signature of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) Source: UN Treaty Collection
  • 18. Human Rights of Women All countries of the region have either accessed of ratified Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), 1979 1995 2000 2005 Present Albania Armenia Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Cyprus Georgia Lithuania Poland Republic of Moldova Romania Tajikistan The FYR Macedonia Ukraine Azerbaijan Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Uzbekistan Serbia Montenegro Source: UN Treaty Collection
  • 19. National statistics on women and media that would allow for meaningful regional comparisons in the time-frame chosen are scarce. Data that is available suggests that women’s participation in media production varies to a large extent from country to country and there is little consistent progress to be seen. Women and the Media Female Journalists (% of total for both sexes) Country 1995 2000 2005 2010 Croatia .. 35.5.. 41.9 Cyprus 31.3 43.6.. .. Georgia 80.7 80.5.. .. Lithuania 50.. .. .. Turkey .. .. 30.1.. Source: UNECE Statistical Database, compiled from national official sources.
  • 20. There is little systematically collected data available on women and environment. Nonetheless, efforts has been made to understand the inter-linkages between gender and environment. Gender-sensitive indicators have been suggested amongst others by the FAO and the UNSTATS. Women and the Environment
  • 21. Adolescent fertility rate have notably lowered, but data from 2010 suggests that the trend could be turning up. The Girl-child 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 1995 2000 2005 2010 Source: UNECE Statistical Database, compiled from national and international (Eurostat, UN Statistics Division Demographic Yearbook, WHO European health for all database and UNICEF TransMONEE) official sources. Adolescent Fertility Rate Number of live births to women aged 15-19 per 1000 women aged 15-19. Caucasus & CIS Central & Eastern Europe Central Asia Western Balkans & Turkey
  • 22. The Girl-child Most countries have brought their legal minimum age of marriage into accordance with international laws Sub-region Country Subgroup 2000 2005 2010 Latest Female 17 17 17 18 Male 18 18 18 18 Female 17 17 17 18 Male 18 18 18 18 Female 18 18 18 18 Male 18 18 18 18 Female 18 18 18 18 Male 18 18 18 18 Female 16 16 16 18 Male 18 18 18 18 Female 17 17 17 18 Male 18 18 18 18 Female 18 18 18 18 Male 18 18 18 18 Female 18 18 18 18 Male 18 18 18 18 Female 17 17 18 18 Male 17 17 18 18 Female 17 17 17 17 Male 18 18 18 18 Female 16 16 18 18 Male 18 18 18 18 Female 18 18 18 18 Male 18 18 18 18 Female 18 18 18 18 Male 21 21 21 18 Female 18 18 18 18 Male 18 18 18 18 Female 18 18 18 18 Male 18 18 18 18 Female 18 18 18 18 Male 18 18 18 18 Female 18 18 18 18 Male 18 18 18 18 Female 15 17 17 17 Male 17 17 17 17 W estern Balkans and Turkey Central & Eastern Europe Minimum Legal Age of Marriage without Consent Caucasus & CIS Armenia Azerbaijan Central Asia Kazakhstan Georgia Tajikistan Romania Belarus Poland Republic of Moldova Ukraine Croatia Kyrgyzstan Turkey Uzbekistan Serbia Lithuania Cyprus BIH
  • 23. The Girl-child Skewed sex-ratios at birth in South Caucasus and in parts of Western Balkan imply an increase in prenatal sex selection and an intensification of son preference. Country 1990-1995 1995-2000 2000-2005 2005-2010 Albania 1.06 1.065 1.07 1.078 Armenia 1.077 1.151 1.173 1.151 Azerbaijan 1.075 1.13 1.17 1.166 Georgia 1.065 1.111 1.11 1.11 Montenegro 1.08 1.08 1.08 1.08 Source: UNDESAPopulationDivison. WorldPopulationProspects. Sex ratio at Birth* *Definition: Number of male live births per one female live birth.
  • 24. Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action Sub-regions Caucasus and CIS Azerbaijan Armenia Belarus Georgia Republic of Moldova Ukraine Central and Eastern Europe Lithuania Poland Romania Western Balkans and Turkey Albania Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Cyprus Kosovo* The FYR Macedonia Montenegro Serbia Turkey Central Asia Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Tajikistan Turkmenistan Uzbekistan * Hereafter referred to in the context of the UN Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999) For more information please visit : www. undp.org See the full report here :

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