Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

World statistics pocketbook_2013_edition

1,753

Published on

The World Statistics Pocketbook, 2013 edition is an annual compilation of key statistical indicators prepared by the United Nations Statistics Division of the Department of Economic and Social …

The World Statistics Pocketbook, 2013 edition is an annual compilation of key statistical indicators prepared by the United Nations Statistics Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Over 50 indicators have been collected from more than 20 international statistical sources and are presented in one-page profiles for 216 countries or areas of the world. This issue covers various years from 2005 to 2012. For the economic indicators, in general, three years - 2005, 2010 and 2011 - are shown; for the indicators in the social and environmental categories, data for one year are presented.

Published in: Technology, Economy & Finance
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,753
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
83
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Series V, No. 37 Department of Economic and Social Affairs Statistics Division World Statistics Pocketbook 2013 edition United Nations, New York, 2013
  • 2. The DDepartment of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat is a vital interface between global policies in the economic, social and environmental spheres and national action. The Department works in three main interlinked areas: (i) it compiles, generates and analyses a wide range of economic, social and environmental data and information on which States Members of the United Nations draw to review common problems and to take stock of policy options; (ii) it facilitates the negotiations of Member States in many intergovernmental bodies on joint courses of action to address ongoing or emerging global challenges; and (iii) it advises interested Governments on the ways and means of translating policy frameworks developed in United Nations conferences and summits into programmes at the country level and, through technical assistance, helps build national capacities. Note The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The term “country” as used in this publication also refers, as appropriate, to territories or areas. Visit the United Nations World Wide Web site on the Internet: For the Department of Economic and Social Affairs, http://www.un.org/esa/desa/ For statistics and statistical publications, http://unstats.un.org/unsd/ For UN publications, https://unp.un.org/ ST/ESA/STAT/SER.V/37 United Nations Publication Sales No. E.13.XVII.4 ISBN-13: 978-92-1-161570-8 All queries on rights and licenses, including subsidiary rights, should be addressed to United Nations Publications, 300 East 42nd Street, New York, NY 10017, USA, e-mail: publications@un.org, web: http://un.org/publications World Statistics Pocketbook, 2013 edition © 2013 United Nations New York, NY 10017, United States of America All rights reserved Printed in the United States of America
  • 3. Contents World Statistics Pocketbook iii Introduction ................................................................................................................................vii Symbols, abbreviations and conversion factors..........................................................................ix Country profile information and indicator list..............................................................................xi Country profiles .....................................................................................................................................1 Technical notes ....................................................................................................................... 219 Statistical sources and references.......................................................................................... 233 Index of indicator notes and definitions.................................................................................. 237 United Nations statistical publications................................................................................... 239 Country profiles Afghanistan .........................................................3 Albania.................................................................4 Algeria..................................................................5 American Samoa.................................................6 Andorra ................................................................7 Angola..................................................................8 Antigua and Barbuda...........................................9 Argentina...........................................................10 Armenia .............................................................11 Aruba..................................................................12 Australia.............................................................13 Austria................................................................14 Azerbaijan..........................................................15 Bahamas............................................................16 Bahrain...............................................................17 Bangladesh........................................................18 Barbados............................................................19 Belarus...............................................................20 Belgium..............................................................21 Belize..................................................................22 Benin..................................................................23 Bermuda.............................................................24 Bhutan................................................................25 Bolivia (Plurinational State of)..........................26 Bosnia and Herzegovina....................................27 Botswana...........................................................28 Brazil ..................................................................29 British Virgin Islands..........................................30 Brunei Darussalam............................................31 Bulgaria..............................................................32 Burkina Faso ......................................................33 Burundi...............................................................34 Cambodia...........................................................35 Cameroon...........................................................36 Canada...............................................................37 Cape Verde ........................................................38 Cayman Islands .................................................39 Central African Republic ...................................40 Chad .................................................................. 41 Chile................................................................... 42 China ................................................................. 43 China, Hong Kong SAR..................................... 44 China, Macao SAR............................................ 45 Colombia ........................................................... 46 Comoros ............................................................ 47 Congo ................................................................ 48 Cook Islands...................................................... 49 Costa Rica ......................................................... 50 Côte d'Ivoire...................................................... 51 Croatia............................................................... 52 Cuba .................................................................. 53 Cyprus................................................................ 54 Czech Republic.................................................. 55 Democratic People's Republic of Korea........... 56 Democratic Republic of the Congo .................. 57 Denmark............................................................ 58 Djibouti.............................................................. 59 Dominica ........................................................... 60 Dominican Republic.......................................... 61 Ecuador.............................................................. 62 Egypt.................................................................. 63 El Salvador ........................................................ 64 Equatorial Guinea ............................................. 65 Eritrea................................................................ 66 Estonia............................................................... 67 Ethiopia ............................................................. 68 Faeroe Islands................................................... 69 Fiji...................................................................... 70 Finland............................................................... 71 France................................................................ 72 French Guiana................................................... 73 French Polynesia............................................... 74 Gabon................................................................ 75 Gambia.............................................................. 76 Georgia.............................................................. 77 Germany............................................................ 78
  • 4. Contents (continued) iv World Statistics Pocketbook Ghana.................................................................79 Greece................................................................80 Greenland ..........................................................81 Grenada..............................................................82 Guadeloupe........................................................83 Guam..................................................................84 Guatemala .........................................................85 Guinea................................................................86 Guinea-Bissau....................................................87 Guyana...............................................................88 Haiti....................................................................89 Honduras............................................................90 Hungary..............................................................91 Iceland................................................................92 India ...................................................................93 Indonesia............................................................94 Iran (Islamic Republic of)...................................95 Iraq .....................................................................96 Ireland................................................................97 Israel ..................................................................98 Italy.....................................................................99 Jamaica............................................................100 Japan ...............................................................101 Jordan..............................................................102 Kazakhstan.......................................................103 Kenya ...............................................................104 Kiribati..............................................................105 Kuwait..............................................................106 Kyrgyzstan........................................................107 Lao People's Democratic Republic .................108 Latvia................................................................109 Lebanon............................................................110 Lesotho.............................................................111 Liberia ..............................................................112 Libya.................................................................113 Liechtenstein ...................................................114 Lithuania ..........................................................115 Luxembourg .....................................................116 Madagascar.....................................................117 Malawi.............................................................118 Malaysia..........................................................119 Maldives..........................................................120 Mali..................................................................121 Malta................................................................122 Marshall Islands..............................................123 Martinique.......................................................124 Mauritania.......................................................125 Mauritius..........................................................126 Mexico............................................................. 127 Micronesia (Federated States of)................... 128 Monaco ........................................................... 129 Mongolia......................................................... 130 Montenegro .................................................... 131 Morocco .......................................................... 132 Mozambique ................................................... 133 Myanmar......................................................... 134 Namibia........................................................... 135 Nauru............................................................... 136 Nepal............................................................... 137 Netherlands .................................................... 138 Netherlands Antilles....................................... 139 New Caledonia ............................................... 140 New Zealand................................................... 141 Nicaragua........................................................ 142 Niger................................................................ 143 Nigeria............................................................. 144 Niue................................................................. 145 Northern Mariana Islands.............................. 146 Norway............................................................ 147 Oman............................................................... 148 Pakistan........................................................... 149 Palau................................................................ 150 Panama............................................................ 151 Papua New Guinea......................................... 152 Paraguay.......................................................... 153 Peru.................................................................. 154 Philippines....................................................... 155 Poland.............................................................. 156 Portugal........................................................... 157 Puerto Rico...................................................... 158 Qatar................................................................ 159 Republic of Korea............................................ 160 Republic of Moldova....................................... 161 Réunion ........................................................... 162 Romania .......................................................... 163 Russian Federation......................................... 164 Rwanda ........................................................... 165 Saint Kitts and Nevis...................................... 166 Saint Lucia....................................................... 167 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines................. 168 Samoa ............................................................. 169 San Marino ..................................................... 170 Sao Tome and Principe................................... 171 Saudi Arabia ................................................... 172 Senegal ........................................................... 173 Serbia.............................................................. 174
  • 5. Contents (continued) World Statistics Pocketbook v Seychelles........................................................175 Sierra Leone.....................................................176 Singapore.........................................................177 Slovakia............................................................178 Slovenia ...........................................................179 Solomon Islands..............................................180 Somalia............................................................181 South Africa.....................................................182 Spain................................................................183 Sri Lanka ..........................................................184 State of Palestine............................................185 Sudan...............................................................186 Suriname..........................................................187 Swaziland ........................................................188 Sweden............................................................189 Switzerland......................................................190 Syrian Arab Republic.......................................191 Tajikistan..........................................................192 Thailand ...........................................................193 The former Yugoslav Rep. of Macedonia.......194 Timor-Leste......................................................195 Togo .................................................................196 Tonga............................................................... 197 Trinidad and Tobago....................................... 198 Tunisia............................................................. 199 Turkey.............................................................. 200 Turkmenistan .................................................. 201 Tuvalu.............................................................. 202 Uganda............................................................ 203 Ukraine............................................................ 204 United Arab Emirates ..................................... 205 United Kingdom .............................................. 206 United Republic of Tanzania .......................... 207 United States of America............................... 208 United States Virgin Islands........................... 209 Uruguay........................................................... 210 Uzbekistan....................................................... 211 Vanuatu........................................................... 212 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)................. 213 Viet Nam ......................................................... 214 Western Sahara.............................................. 215 Yemen ............................................................. 216 Zambia............................................................. 217 Zimbabwe ....................................................... 218
  • 6. Introduction World Statistics Pocketbook vii The World Statistics Pocketbook is an annual compilation of key economic, social and environmental indicators, presented in one-page profiles. This edition includes country profiles for 216 countries or areas of the world. Prepared by the United Nations Statistics Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs, it responds to General Assembly resolution 2626 (XXV), in which the Secretary-General is requested to supply basic national data that will increase international public awareness of countries' development efforts. The indicators shown are selected from the wealth of international statistical information compiled regularly by the Statistics Division and the Population Division of the United Nations, the statistical services of the United Nations specialized agencies and other international organizations and institutions. Special recognition is gratefully given for their assistance in continually providing data. Time period This issue of the World Statistics Pocketbook covers various years from 2005 to 2012. For the economic indicators, in general, three years - 2005, 2010 and 2011 - are shown, unless otherwise indicated. Due to space limitations, data for one year only are shown for the indicators in the social and environmental categories. For the six social indicators for which the range of years 2010-2015 is shown, the data refer to projections. When other ranges of years are shown, the data refer to the most recent year available within that range. Organization of the Pocketbook The country tables or profiles are presented alphabetically according to countries’ names in English and contain the available data for the following broad categories: x General information: includes each country’s location by geographical region, currency, surface area, population and population density, capital city and United Nations membership date x Economic indicators: includes national accounts (Gross domestic product (GDP), GDP growth rate, GDP per capita, gross national income per capita and gross fixed capital formation), exchange rates, balance of payments, consumer price index, production indices (industrial, agricultural and food), unemployment, employment, labour force participation, tourist arrivals, energy production, telephone subscribers and internet users x Trade: contains the value of total exports, imports and the trade balance as well as the countries’ main trading partners x Social indicators: includes population (growth rates, urban percentage, age groups and sex ratios), life expectancy, infant mortality rate, total fertility
  • 7. Introduction (continued) viii World Statistics Pocketbook rate, contraceptive prevalence, international migrant stock, refugees, education (expenditure and enrolment), intentional homicides and female participation in national parliaments • Environmental indicators: includes threatened species, forested area, CO2 emission estimates, energy consumption per capita and climatological information. The complete set of indicators, listed by category and in the order in which they appear in the profiles, is shown at the beginning of the country profile section. Not all indicators are shown for each country or area due to different degrees of data availability. The technical notes section, which follows the country profile pages, contains brief descriptions of the concepts and methodologies used in the compilation of the indicators as well as information on the statistical sources for the indicators. Readers interested in longer time-series data or more detailed descriptions of the concepts or methodologies should consult the primary sources of the data and the references listed in the section following the technical notes. The index of indicators, at the back of this publication, lists the complete set of indicators in alphabetical order and shows the category in which each is presented in the country profiles along with the pages on which information on the concepts, definitions and the data sources are given. As noted above, the number of indicators actually shown for the countries varies according to data availability. Note The present World Statistics Pocketbook, 2013 edition (Series V, No. 37) is an update of the previous edition which was released in 2012 and entitled World Statistics Pocketbook 2011 (Series V, No. 36). * * * The World Statistics Pocketbook is prepared annually by the Statistical Services Branch of the Statistics Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat. The programme manager is Mary Jane Holupka, the editor is Iliana Vaca, and the software developer is Salomon Cameo. Comments on this publication are welcome and may be sent by e-mail to statistics@un.org.
  • 8. Symbols, abbreviations and conversion factors World Statistics Pocketbook ix The following symbols and abbreviations have been used in the World Statistics Pocketbook: ... Data not available – Magnitude zero < Magnitude not zero, but less than half of the unit employed –< Magnitude not zero, but negative and less than half of the unit employed 000 Thousands °C Degrees Celsius °F Degrees Fahrenheit % Percentage 60+ Aged sixty years and over . Decimal figures are always preceded by a period (.) CFA Coopération financière en Afrique centrale CIF Cost, Insurance and Freight CO2 Carbon dioxide CPI Consumer price index f Females FOB Free on board GDP Gross domestic product GNI Gross national income ILO International Labour Organization ISIC International Standard Industrial Classification ISO International Organization for Standardization km Kilometres m Males mt Metric tons UN United Nations UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization UNHCR Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees UNSD United Nations Statistics Division US$ United States dollars The metric system of weights and measures has been employed in the World Statistics Pocketbook. The equivalents of the basic British Imperial and United States weights and measures are as follows: Area 1 square kilometre = 0.386102 square mile Weight or mass 1 ton = 1.102311 short tons or = 0.987207 long ton 1 kilogram = 35.273962 avoirdupois ounces = 2.204623 avoirdupois pounds Distance 1 kilometre = 0.621371 mile 1 millimetre = 0.039 inch Temperature °C = (°F - 32) × 5/9
  • 9. Country profile information and indicator list* World Statistics Pocketbook xi General information Region Currency Surface area (square kilometres) Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) Capital city and population in 2011 (000) United Nations membership date Economic indicators GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) GDP per capita (current US$) GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) Exchange rates (national currency per US$) Balance of payments, current account (million US$) CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) Industrial production index (2005=100) Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) Food production index (2004-2006=100) Unemployment (% of labour force) Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) Labour force participation, adult female population (%) Labour force participation, adult male population (%) Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) Trade Total trade (exports, imports and balance, million US$) Major trading partners (exports and imports, %) Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) Urban population growth rate (average annual %) Rural population growth rate (average annual %) Urban population (%) Population aged 0-14 years (%) Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) Sex ratio (males per 100 females) Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) Education: Primary and secondary gross enrolment ratio (females and males per 100) Education: Female third-level students (% of total) Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) Environmental indicators Threatened species Forested area (% of land area) CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) Temperature in the capital city, mean ˚C (minimum and maximum) * The complete set of information and indicators listed here may not be shown for each country or area depending upon data availability.
  • 10. Country profiles
  • 11. $IJKDQLVWDQ Region South-central Asia Currency Afghani (AFN) Surface area (square kilometres) 652 864 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 32 358 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 49.6 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Kabul (3 097) United Nations membership date 19 November 1946 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 6 622 16 078 18 949 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 9.9 3.2 5.7 GDP per capita (current US$) 240.0 512.0 586.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 240.0 450.0 560.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 21.8 17.5 15.1 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 50.41 45.27 49.04 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 107 114 109 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 107 114 109 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 13.9 15.5 15.7 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 80.6 80.4 80.3 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 85 420b ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 4.7 41.4 54.3 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 1.2 4.0 5.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 375.9 Pakistan 48.0 Pakistan 13.7 Imports 6 390.3 India 18.7 Russian Federation 12.6 Balance –6 014.4 Russian Federation 8.8 Uzbekistan 11.5 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.4 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.7 Urban population (%) 2012 23.8 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 45.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 3.9/3.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 107.2 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 49.5/49.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 124.5 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 6.0 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 22.8 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 90.9/0.3 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 1 548 374 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 57.0/89.4 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 18.0 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)c 2008-2010 0.9/3.7 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 27.7 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 36 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 2.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 6 309/0.2 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 71.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 312 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 4.3/19.6 a Principal rate. b 2009. c Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. World Statistics Pocketbook 3
  • 12. $OEDQLD Region Southern Europe Currency Lek (ALL) Surface area (square kilometres) 28 748 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 3 216 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 111.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Tirana (419) United Nations membership date 14 December 1955 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 8 159 11 954 13 000 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 5.8 3.9 2.0 GDP per capita (current US$) 2 597.0 3 731.0 4 042.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2 649.0 3 705.0 4 075.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 37.0 32.3 31.2 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 103.58 104.00 107.54 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –571 –1 353 –1 595 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 117 135 139 Industrial production index (2005=100)b 100 140 121 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 98 119 123 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 98 119 123 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)b 13.5c 19.9de ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)b 58.5c 44.1de ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 50.0 49.7 49.6 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 71.7 71.3 71.3 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)fg 748 2 417 2 932 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 945 1 050e ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 57.6 94.4 106.9 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 6.0 45.0 49.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 1 948.2 Italy 53.4 Italy 30.5 Imports 5 395.9 Serbia 9.3 Greece 10.6 Balance –3 447.7 Turkey 7.4 China 6.4 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.3 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –2.0 Urban population (%) 2012 54.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 21.5 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 14.4/13.0 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.1 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 80.4/74.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 16.6 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 69.3 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)h mid-2010 89.1/2.8 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 106 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 87.6/90.2 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 55.4 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.9/7.5 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 15.7 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 109 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 28.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 3 004/1.0 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 402.0 a Market rate. b The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. c Official estimates. d Age group 15 to 64 years. e 2009. f Excludes nationals residing abroad. g Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. h Data refer to foreign citizens. 4 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 13. $OJHULD Region Northern Africa Currency Dinar (DZD) Surface area (square kilometres) 2 381 741 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 35 980 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 15.1 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Algiers (2 916) United Nations membership date 8 October 1962 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 103 198 161 986 198 735 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 5.1 3.3 2.9 GDP per capita (current US$) 3 138.0 4 567.0 5 523.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2 805.0 4 280.0 5 176.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 22.4 36.1 26.1 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 73.38 74.94 76.06 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 21 083 11 832 19 393 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 117 146 154 Industrial production index (2005=100)b 100 97 97 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 99 125 129 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 125 129 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 26.0bcd 33.1e ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 20.7bcd 11.7e ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 13.0 14.7 15.0 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 73.2 71.7 71.9 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)fg 1 443 2 070 2 395 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 189 329 173 267h ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 49.4 100.7 107.5 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 5.8 12.5 14.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 73 436.3 United States 20.6 France 15.1 Imports 47 219.7 Italy 14.2 China 10.0 Balance 26 216.6 Spain 9.8 Italy 9.9 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –1.9 Urban population (%) 2012 73.8 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 26.6 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 7.9/6.5 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 101.9 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 75.0/71.9 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 21.5 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.1 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 61.4 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)ij mid-2010 242.3/0.7 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 94 964k Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.3 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 99.9/101.5 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 58.5 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)l 2008-2010 4.1/10.4 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 31.6 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 110 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 1.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 121 213/3.5 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 117.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 598 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 11.9/23.7 a Official rate. b The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. c 2004. d September. e Fourth quarter. f Includes nationals residing abroad. g Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. h 2009. i Data refer to foreign citizens. j Includes refugees. k According to the Government of Algeria, there are an estimated 165,000 Sahrawi refugees in the Tindouf camps. l Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. World Statistics Pocketbook 5
  • 14. $PHULFDQ 6DPRD Region Oceania-Polynesia Currency U.S. Dollar (USD) Surface area (square kilometres) 199 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 70 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 349.5 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Pago Pago (65) Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)a 122 ... ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 107 106 96 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 107 106 96 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 24 25b ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants)c 16.5 15.2 ... Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –1.9 Urban population (%) 2012 93.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%)d 2012 34.1 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)d 2012 8.2/7.1 Sex ratio (males per 100 females)d 2012 104.0e Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)f 2010-2015 76.2/68.5b Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)d 2010-2015 11.3g Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)d 2010-2015 4.0h International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 28.4/41.4 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 80 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 89.0 a Excludes rent. b 2006. c Main telephone lines only. d Data compiled by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community Demography Programme. e 2011. f Data compiled by the United Nations Demographic Year- book system. g 2006-2008. h 2000. 6 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 15. $QGRUUD Region Southern Europe Currency Euro (EUR) Surface area (square kilometres) 468 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 86 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 184.1 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Andorra la Vella (24) United Nations membership date 28 July 1993 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 3 133 3 422 3 577 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 6.4 –3.4 –2.8 GDP per capita (current US$) 40 228.0 40 324.0 41 517.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 40 228.0 40 324.0 41 517.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 29.4 22.3 21.1 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 0.85 0.75 0.77 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 113 126 129 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2 418 1 808cd 1 948 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 7 5ef ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 128.4 122.2 120.1 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 37.6 81.0 81.0 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 5.5 Urban population (%) 2012 86.7 Population aged 0-14 years (%)ghi 2012 14.8j Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)ghi 2012 18.6/18.0j Sex ratio (males per 100 females)hk 2012 104.6j Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)h 2010-2015 1.2e International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)l mid-2010 55.9/64.4 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.9 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 85.3/84.0 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 57.5 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 50.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 11 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 36.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 517/6.2 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2 636.0 a Market rate. b Index base 2001=100. c Methodology revised. d Data are not strictly comparable with those of previous years. e 2009. f UNSD estimate. g De jure estimate. h Data compiled by the United Nations Demographic Yearbook system. i Data refer to the latest available census. j 2011. k De jure national estimate. l Data refer to foreign citizens. World Statistics Pocketbook 7
  • 16. $QJROD Region Middle Africa Currency Kwanza (AOA) Surface area (square kilometres) 1 246 700 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 19 618 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 15.7 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Luanda (5 068) United Nations membership date 1 December 1976 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 32 811 82 513 104 332 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 20.5 3.5 3.9 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 990.0 4 324.0 5 318.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 1 745.0 3 860.0 4 630.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 8.3 15.3 15.3 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 80.78 92.64 95.27 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 5 138 7 421 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 1 846 3 438c 3 901 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 105 171 188 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 105 170 187 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 64.4 62.7 62.9 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 76.3 77.0 77.1 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 210 425 481 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 63 896 92 954d ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 10.4 48.3 49.9 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 1.1 10.0 14.8 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.7 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.0 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8 Urban population (%) 2012 60.0 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 45.9 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 4.3/3.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 98.2 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 53.2/50.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 96.2 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.1 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 6.2e International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)f mid-2010 65.4/0.3 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 23 357 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.5 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 73.5/93.2 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 45.4 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)g 2008-2010 7.7/30.5 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)h 2012 34.1 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 123 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 47.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 26 634/1.4 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 249.0 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 22.3/27.7 a Official rate. b Luanda. c Series linked to former series. d 2009. e 2001. f Includes refugees. g Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. h As of 31 October 2012. 8 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 17. $QWLJXD DQG %DUEXGD Region Caribbean Currency E.C. Dollar (XCD) Surface area (square kilometres) 442 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 90 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 202.7 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) St. John's (27) United Nations membership date 11 November 1981 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 1 002 1 154 1 118 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 6.1 –7.9 –5.0 GDP per capita (current US$) 11 940.0 13 006.0 12 480.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 11 439.0 12 646.0 12 080.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 29.3 36.3 29.5 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 2.70 2.70 2.70 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –171 –162 –120 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 110 ... ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 95 110 113 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 95 110 113 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)bc 15.6 15.6d ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)bc 2.8 2.8d ... Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)ef 245 230 241 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 146.0 230.3 221.2 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 34.7 80.0 82.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports)g Exports 29.0 United States 38.3 Imports 471.4 United Kingdom 8.3 Balance –442.4 Barbados 7.6 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0 Urban population (%) 2012 29.8 Population aged 0-14 years (%)hij 2012 28.3k Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)hij 2012 9.8/8.8k Sex ratio (males per 100 females)ilm 2012 88.5n Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)o 2006-2010 52.6p International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 20.9/23.6 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 0q Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.5 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 99.1/103.8 Education: Female third-level students (% of total)r 2006-2012 68.0 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 10.5 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 42 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 22.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 462/5.2 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 759.0s Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 052 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 23.9/29.6 a Official rate. b Official estimates. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d 2008. e Air arrivals. f Excludes nationals residing abroad. g For more information, refer to the technical notes. h De facto estimate. i Data compiled by the United Nations Demographic Yearbook system. j Data refer to the latest available census. k 2005. l The distribution between males and females was extrapolated from previous years. m De facto national estimate. n 2010. o Age group 15 to 44 years. p 1988. q Value is zero, not available or not applicable. r National estimate. s UNSD estimate. World Statistics Pocketbook 9
  • 18. $UJHQWLQD Region South America Currency Argentine Peso (ARS) Surface area (square kilometres) 2 780 400 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 40 765 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 14.7 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Buenos Aires (13 528) United Nations membership date 24 October 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 183 196 370 263 448 165 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 9.2 9.2 8.9 GDP per capita (current US$) 4 736.0 9 162.0 10 994.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 4 576.0 8 911.0 10 727.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 21.5 22.0 22.6 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 3.01 3.96 4.28 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 5 274 2 830 –6 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 162 249 273 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 103 115 115 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 103 115 115 Unemployment (% of labour force)cd 11.5 7.7ef 7.2 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)g 23.5dhi 23.2cj 23.8cj Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)g 1.1dhi 1.3cj 1.2cj Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 48.8 47.0 47.3 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 76.6 74.9 74.9 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 3 823 5 325 5 705 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 86 293 81 878k ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 81.7 157.6 159.8 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 17.7 40.0 47.7 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 83 950.2 Brazil 20.7 Brazil 29.5 Imports 73 936.5 China 7.4 China 14.3 Balance 10 013.7 Chile 5.8 United States 10.5 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –1.2 Urban population (%) 2012 92.7 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 24.4 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 17.0/12.9 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 95.8 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 79.9/72.4 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 12.3 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.2 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 65.3l International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 1 449.3/3.6 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 4 578 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.0 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 105.1/100.7 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 59.5 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.0/5.4 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 37.4 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 219 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 11.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 174 575/4.4 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 774.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 215 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 13.5/22.5 a Official rate. b Metropolitan areas. c 31 urban agglomerations. d Age group 10 years and over. e Methodology revised. f Data are not strictly comparable with those of previous years. g The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. h 28 urban agglomerations. i Second semester. j Average of quarterly estimates. k 2009. l 2001. 10 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 19. $UPHQLD Region Western Asia Currency Dram (AMD) Surface area (square kilometres) 29 743 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 3 100 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 104.2 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Yerevan (1 116) United Nations membership date 2 March 1992 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 4 900 9 260 10 138 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 13.9 2.2 4.7 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 598.0 2 995.0 3 270.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 1 642.0 3 140.0 3 383.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 29.8 33.4 26.3 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 450.19 363.44 385.77 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –52 –1 373 –1 134 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 117 154 165b Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 103 103 116 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 103 102 116 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)cd 15.9 16.8e ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)cd 46.2 44.2e ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 52.1 49.0 49.4 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 69.9 69.6 70.2 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 319 684 758 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 386 388f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 29.8 144.2 122.2 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 5.3 25.0 32.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 1 320.4 Russian Federation 16.7 Russian Federation 21.5 Imports 4 109.3 Germany 12.0 China 9.8 Balance –2 788.9 Bulgaria 11.5 Turkey 5.9 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1 Urban population (%) 2012 64.1 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 20.3 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 17.2/12.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 87.1 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.3/71.0 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 24.3 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.7 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 53.1g International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)h mid-2010 324.2/10.5 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 85 892 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.2 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 88.4/86.0 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.0 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.5/4.0 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 10.7 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 40 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 9.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 4 488/1.5 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 728.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 277 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 5.5/18.2 a Official rate. b Series linked to former series. c Official estimates. d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. e 2008. f 2009. g 2005. h Includes refugees. World Statistics Pocketbook 11
  • 20. $UXED Region Caribbean Currency Aruban Guilder (AWG) Surface area (square kilometres) 180 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 108 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 600.8 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Oranjestad (37) Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2 331 2 410 2 677 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 1.2 –5.7 8.9 GDP per capita (current US$) 23 080.0 22 416.0 24 753.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 21 679.0 21 067.0 23 265.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 32.1 28.7 28.7 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 1.79 1.79 1.79 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 114 –426 –235 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 117 139 145 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 20.3bcd ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 0.7bcd ... ... Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 733 824 870 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent)e 121 124f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 140.3 155.2 ... Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 25.4 42.0 57.1 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 148.0 Colombia 40.7 United States 50.6 Imports 1 195.8 Venezuela 20.5 Netherlands 11.6 Balance –1 047.8 United Kingdom 4.7 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2 Urban population (%) 2012 46.9 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 18.3 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 16.6/14.1 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 90.3 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.8/73.0 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 14.7 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.7 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 34.3/31.9 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 4 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.9 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 101.5/102.9 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 57.2 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 22 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 2.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 2 294/21.5 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2 333.0e Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 472 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 25.9/31.5 a Official rate. b October. c 2007. d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. e UNSD estimate. f 2009. 12 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 21. $XVWUDOLD Region Oceania Currency Australian Dollar (AUD) Surface area (square kilometres) 7 692 024 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 22 606a Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 2.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Canberra (399) United Nations membership date 1 November 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 759 697 1 283 352 1 515 468 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 3.0 1.9 3.4 GDP per capita (current US$) 37 234.0 57 631.0 67 039.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 35 787.0 55 401.0 64 936.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 27.9 26.5 27.6 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 1.36 0.98 0.98 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –41 728 –35 666 –32 882 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 116 134 139 Industrial production index (2005=100)c 100 110 110 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 108 99 108 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 108 101 108 Unemployment (% of labour force) 5.0 5.2 5.1 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 21.3de 21.1fg ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 3.6de 3.3fg ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 57.0 58.7 58.8 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 72.2 72.5 72.3 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)hi 5 499 5 885 5 875 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent)j 278 077 308 655g ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 139.9 148.6 155.0 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 63.0 76.0 79.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 245 631.0 China 27.5 China 18.5 Imports 234 319.3 Japan 19.2 United States 11.4 Balance 11 311.7 Republic of Korea 8.9 Japan 7.9 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %)a 2010-2015 1.3 Urban population growth rate (average annual %)a 2010-2015 1.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %)a 2010-2015 –0.1 Urban population (%)a 2012 89.4 Population aged 0-14 years (%)a 2012 19.0 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)a 2012 20.6/18.5 Sex ratio (males per 100 females)a 2012 99.5 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)a 2010-2015 84.3/79.9 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)a 2010-2015 4.5 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)a 2010-2015 2.0 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)k 2006-2010 70.8l International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)a mid-2010 4 711.5/21.9 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 28 676 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.1 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 115.7/119.2 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.1 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.2/3.3 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 24.7 Environmental indicators Threatened speciesm 2012 869 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 19.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 399 867/18.3 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent)j 2009 5 929.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 629 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 6.4/19.5 a Includes Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Norfolk Island. b Market rate. c Average of 12 months ending 30 June of the year stated. d Average of February, May, August and November. e The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. f Average of quarterly estimates. g 2009. h Excludes nationals residing abroad and crew members. i Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. j Excludes the overseas territories. k Age group 16 to 59 years. l 2001-2002. m Excludes Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands. World Statistics Pocketbook 13
  • 22. $XVWULD Region Western Europe Currency Euro (EUR) Surface area (square kilometres) 83 871 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 8 413 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 100.3 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Vienna (1 720) United Nations membership date 14 December 1955 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 304 984 379 311 418 031 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2.4 2.1 2.7 GDP per capita (current US$) 37 048.0 45 190.0 49 686.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 36 688.0 45 085.0 49 516.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 22.0 21.2 22.3 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 0.85 0.75 0.77 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 6 245 11 671 7 988 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 111 121 125b Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 110 118 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 101 100 108 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 101 100 108 Unemployment (% of labour force) 5.2 4.4 4.1 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 27.5cd 24.9e 26.0e Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 5.5cd 5.2e 5.3e Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 51.2 53.9 53.9 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 67.3 67.8 67.6 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)f 19 952 22 004 23 012 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 6 066 6 878g ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 150.7 186.3 195.1 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 58.0 75.2 79.8 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 169 511.4 Germany 30.7 Germany 38.2 Imports 182 349.8 Italy 7.7 Italy 6.5 Balance –12 838.4 Switzerland 5.3 Switzerland 5.5 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.5 Urban population (%) 2012 67.9 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 14.4 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 26.1/21.0 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 95.5 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 83.6/78.4 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.7 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.4 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)h 2006-2010 50.9i International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 1 310.2/15.6 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 72 017 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.0 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 97.5/100.4 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 53.1 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.3/2.3 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 27.9 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 102 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 47.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 62 262/7.4 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 3 124.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 620 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 6.7/14.5 a Market rate. b Series linked to former series. c Excludes conscripts. d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. e European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). f Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments. g 2009. h Age group 20 to 49 years. i 1995-1996. 14 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 23. $]HUEDLMDQ Region Western Asia Currency Azerbaijan Manat (AZN)a Surface area (square kilometres) 86 600 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 9 306b Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 107.5 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Baku (2 123) United Nations membership date 2 March 1992 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 13 245 52 906 63 404 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 26.4 5.0 0.1 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 542.0 5 758.0 6 813.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 1 366.0 5 413.0 6 405.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 41.3 18.2 19.8 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)c 0.92 0.80 0.79 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 125 204 ... Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 200 190 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 104 117 125 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 103 122 129 Unemployment (% of labour force) 5.7d 5.7 5.9 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 12.1ef 13.7g 14.1g Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 39.3ef 38.2g 37.9g Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 59.3 61.1 61.6 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 68.4 67.8 68.5 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 693 1 280 1 562 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 28 101 68 543h ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 38.9 115.5 126.8 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 8.0 46.0 50.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 26 480.2 Italy 35.3 Russian Federation 16.9 Imports 9 732.9 France 15.2 Turkey 13.4 Balance 16 747.3 United States 8.6 Germany 8.7 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %)b 2010-2015 1.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7 Urban population (%)b 2012 53.9 Population aged 0-14 years (%)b 2012 21.4 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)b 2012 10.3/7.8 Sex ratio (males per 100 females)b 2012 98.2 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)b 2010-2015 73.7/68.0 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)b 2010-2015 37.6 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)b 2010-2015 2.2 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 51.1 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)i mid-2010 263.9/3.0 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 602 711 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.8 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)j 2006-2012 86.9/89.1 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 49.7 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 6.7/23.6 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 16.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 48 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 11.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 49 035/5.4 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 309.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 210 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 12.0/18.1 a Beginning January 2006, 1 new Manat = 5000 old Manats. b Includes Nagorno-Karabakh. c Official rate. d 2008. e Official estimates. f The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. g December. h 2009. i Includes refugees. j National estimate. World Statistics Pocketbook 15
  • 24. %DKDPDV Region Caribbean Currency Bahamian Dollar (BSD) Surface area (square kilometres) 13 943 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 347 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 24.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Nassau (254) United Nations membership date 18 September 1973 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 7 706 7 771 7 788 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 3.4 0.2 1.6 GDP per capita (current US$) 24 130.0 22 665.0 22 431.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 23 723.0 22 060.0 21 889.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 24.2 23.4 26.0 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 1.00 1.00 1.00 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –701 –814 –1 091 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 110 125 129 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 98 116 114 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 98 116 114 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)b 17.8c 16.0cd 12.9e Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)b 3.5c 2.9cd 3.7e Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 68.0 69.3 69.3 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 78.0 79.4 79.3 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 1 608 1 370 1 346 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 113.0 162.7 124.4 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 25.0 43.0 65.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports)f Exports 726.9 United States 78.3 United States 88.9 Imports 3 410.3 United Kingdom 4.3 Trinidad and Tobago 4.7 Balance –2 683.4 France 3.7 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.1 Urban population (%) 2012 84.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 21.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 12.5/9.7 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 95.8 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 78.9/72.7 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 14.1 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.9 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)g 2006-2010 61.7h International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 33.4/9.7 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 42 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)i 2006-2012 2.9j Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 105.9/102.2 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 5.8/46.6 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 13.2 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 68 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 51.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 2 583/7.6 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2 531.0k Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 396 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 20.7/28.9 a Principal rate. b The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. c April. d 2009. e May. f For more information, refer to the technical notes. g Age group 15 to 44 years. h 1988. i UNESCO estimate. j 2000. k UNSD estimate. 16 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 25. %DKUDLQ Region Western Asia Currency Bahraini Dinar (BHD) Surface area (square kilometres) 758 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 1 324 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 1 747.2 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Manama (262) United Nations membership date 21 September 1971 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 13 459 21 930 25 825 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 7.9 4.5 2.2 GDP per capita (current US$) 18 569.0 17 379.0 19 512.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 17 999.0 15 499.0 18 292.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 23.1 28.1 23.8 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 0.38 0.38 0.38 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 1 474 770 3 247 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 105 120 119 Industrial production index (2005=100)b 100 117 ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 92 115 158 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 92 115 158 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 15.0bcd ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 0.8bcd ... ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 36.1 39.2 39.4 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 83.6 87.2 87.3 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 3 914 4 935e ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 16 759 18 345f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 132.5 142.3 148.9 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 21.3 55.0 77.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 7 071.3 Saudi Arabia 23.2 China 13.4 Imports 10 173.9 Qatar 11.0 Brazil 12.4 Balance –3 102.6 Oman 10.9 United States 8.2 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.2 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5 Urban population (%) 2012 88.7 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 20.5 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 4.5/3.4 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 166.7 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 76.1/74.7 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 6.7 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.4 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 61.8g International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)h mid-2010 315.4/39.1 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 359 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.9 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 106.2/104.6 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 60.5 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.0/0.0 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 10.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 32 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 1.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 24 201/20.7 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 8 656.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 71 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 23.0/30.1 a Official rate. b The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. c 2004. d November. e 2007. f 2009. g 1995. h Data refer to foreign citizens. World Statistics Pocketbook 17
  • 26. %DQJODGHVK Region South-central Asia Currency Taka (BDT) Surface area (square kilometres) 147 570 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 150 494 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 1 019.8 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Dhaka (15 391) United Nations membership date 17 September 1974 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 57 628 99 689 106 200 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 6.0 6.1 6.7 GDP per capita (current US$) 410.0 670.0 706.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 431.0 733.0 764.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 24.5 24.4 24.7 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 66.21 70.75 81.85 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –176 2 109 244 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 127 183 203 Industrial production index (2005=100)cd 100 148 173 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 103 129 132 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 103 130 131 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 14.5ce ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 48.1ce ... ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 55.5 56.9 57.2 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 85.0 84.4 84.3 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 208 303 ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 12 262 17 665f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 7.2 47.2 57.5 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 0.2 3.7 5.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)g (% of exports)g (% of imports)g Exports 13 143.0 United States 25.7 China 15.6 Imports 17 622.9 Germany 15.2 India 13.2 Balance –4 479.9 United Kingdom 9.5 Kuwait 7.2 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6 Urban population (%) 2012 28.9 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 30.0 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 7.0/6.5 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 102.4 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 70.2/68.5 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 41.8 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.2 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 55.8 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)h mid-2010 1 085.3/0.7 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 229 671 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.2 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 37.0 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)i 2008-2010 4.3/12.4 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 19.7 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 124 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 11.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 50 996/0.3 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 146.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2 154 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 21.5/30.6 a Principal rate. b Government officials. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d Average of 12 months ending 30 June of the year stated. e Year ending in June of the year indicated. f 2009. g 2007. h Includes refugees. i Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death regis- tration data from other countries in the region. 18 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 27. %DUEDGRV Region Caribbean Currency Barbados Dollar (BBD) Surface area (square kilometres) 430 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 274 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 637.0 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Bridgetown (122) United Nations membership date 9 December 1966 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 3 908 4 245 4 313 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 4.0 0.2 0.6 GDP per capita (current US$) 14 448.0 15 531.0 15 744.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 13 737.0 14 331.0 14 439.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 18.9 14.0 14.6 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 2.00 2.00 2.00 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –467 –236 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 113 149 163 Industrial production index (2005=100)b 100 88 85 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 106 92 93 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 106 92 93 Unemployment (% of labour force) 9.1 10.8 11.2 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 17.3cd 19.6e 20.3e Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 3.3cd 2.8e 3.3e Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 64.4 64.8 64.8 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 76.1 76.3 76.2 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 548 532 568 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 90 56f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 126.1 178.4 178.4 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 56.1 70.2 71.8 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports)g (% of imports) Exports 508.4 United States 31.9 Imports 1 775.4 Trinidad and Tobago 26.5 Balance –1 267.0 Suriname 4.8 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.7 Urban population (%) 2012 44.9 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 16.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 19.5/14.9 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 98.5 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 80.3/73.9 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 12.3 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.6 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)h 2006-2010 55.0i International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 28.1/11.0 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 7.5 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)j 2006-2012 117.2/111.7 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 69.1 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 7.3/15.5 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 10.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 41 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 19.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 1 572/5.8 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 742.0 a Official rate. b The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. c 2004. d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. e Average of quarterly estimates. f 2009. g For more information, refer to the technical notes. h Age group 15 to 44 years. i 1988. j National estimate. World Statistics Pocketbook 19
  • 28. %HODUXV Region Eastern Europe Currency Belarusian Ruble (BYR) Surface area (square kilometres) 207 600 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 9 559 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 46.1 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Minsk (1 861) United Nations membership date 24 October 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 30 210 55 221 55 136 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 9.4 7.7 5.3 GDP per capita (current US$) 3 075.0 5 755.0 5 768.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 3 080.0 5 634.0 5 584.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 26.5 39.3 38.0 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 2 152.00 3 000.00 8 350.00 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 497 –8 260 –5 702 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 384 623b ... Industrial production index (2005=100)c 100 146 159 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 98 117 117 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 98 117 117 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 51.0 50.0 50.2 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 62.9 62.2 62.6 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)d 91 120 116 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2 542 2 454e ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 75.2 150.8 155.9 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) ... 31.8 39.6 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports)f Exports 41 418.7 Russian Federation 34.8 Russian Federation 54.0 Imports 45 759.1 Netherlands 14.8 Germany 5.6 Balance –4 340.4 Ukraine 10.0 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.3 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –2.0 Urban population (%) 2012 75.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 15.3 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 23.0/14.1 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 86.8 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 76.4/65.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 6.5 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 72.6g International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 1 090.4/11.4 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 8 036 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.3 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 101.3/103.5 Education: Female third-level students (% of total)h 2006-2012 57.4 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 3.8/6.4 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 26.6 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 22 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 42.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 60 243/6.3 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2 529.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 677 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 2.1/9.9 aOfficialrate.bSerieslinkedtoformerseries.cTheindicesareshownintermsofISICRev.3.dOrganized tourism. e 2009. f For more information, refer to the technical notes. g 2005-2006. h National estimate. 20 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 29. %HOJLXP Region Western Europe Currency Euro (EUR) Surface area (square kilometres) 30 528 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 10 754 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 352.3 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Brussels (1 949)a United Nations membership date 27 December 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 377 351 471 660 514 122 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 1.8 2.4 1.8 GDP per capita (current US$) 36 234.0 44 031.0 47 807.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 36 472.0 44 898.0 48 332.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 20.7 20.0 20.7 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 0.85 0.75 0.77 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 7 703 6 132 –4 839 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 111 123 127 Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 105 110 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 101 104 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 101 104 Unemployment (% of labour force) 8.4 8.3 7.1 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)c 24.7d 23.4 23.2 Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)c 2.0d 1.4 1.3 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 45.8 47.6 47.7 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 61.5 60.8 60.6 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)e 6 747 7 186 7 494 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 4 321 4 638f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 138.3 156.8 159.7 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 55.8 75.0 78.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 477 925.2 Germany 18.2 Netherlands 19.7 Imports 465 216.1 France 16.4 Germany 14.8 Balance 12 709.1 Netherlands 12.2 France 10.6 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.9 Urban population (%) 2012 97.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 16.9 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 26.2/21.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 96.2 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 82.8/77.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.7 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.8 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 74.6g International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)h mid-2010 974.9/9.1 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 42 105 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.6 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 106.1/108.2 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 55.2 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.5/2.2 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 38.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 31 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 22.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 103 508/9.7 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 3 611.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 820 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 6.7/13.9 a Refers to the population of the arrondissement of Brussels. b Market rate. c European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. e Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments. f 2009. g 2004. h Data refer to foreign citizens. World Statistics Pocketbook 21
  • 30. %HOL]H Region Central America Currency Belize Dollar (BZD) Surface area (square kilometres) 22 966 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 318 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 13.8 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Belmopan (14) United Nations membership date 25 September 1981 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 1 115 1 401 1 474 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 3.1 2.7 2.4 GDP per capita (current US$) 3 968.0 4 496.0 4 636.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 3 561.0 4 180.0 4 310.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 18.5 18.0 19.0 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 2.00 2.00 2.00 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –151 –46 –31 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 113 128 ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 96 91 88 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 96 91 88 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 17.9bcd ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 19.5bcd ... ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 44.8 48.0 48.3 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 80.8 81.8 81.8 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 237 242 250 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 6 21e ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 46.2 72.0 72.9 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 9.2 14.0 ... Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 396.2 United States 56.7 United States 31.5 Imports 835.5 United Kingdom 16.6 Curaçao 14.6 Balance –439.3 Guatemala 6.9 China 14.2 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.0 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.3 Urban population (%) 2012 44.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 33.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 6.0/5.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 97.3 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.8/74.9 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 16.2 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.7 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 34.3 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)f mid-2010 46.8/15.0 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 133 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.6 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 90.6/97.5g Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 62.5 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 10.1/73.5 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 3.1 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 99 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 61.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 414/1.4 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 587.0h Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2 020 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 20.3/30.9 a Official rate. b April. c Age group 14 years and over. d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. e 2009. f Includes refugees. g 2004. h UNSD estimate. 22 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 31. %HQLQ Region Western Africa Currency CFA Franc (XOF) Surface area (square kilometres) 114 763 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 9 100 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 79.3 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Porto-Novo (315)a United Nations membership date 20 September 1960 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 4 358 6 558 7 295 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2.9 2.6 3.1 GDP per capita (current US$) 571.0 741.0 802.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 567.0 741.0 793.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 19.4 20.5 20.7 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 556.04 490.91 506.96 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –270 –618 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)c 115 134d 137 Industrial production index (2005=100)e 100 134 ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 101 117 115 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 102 123 120 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 66.1 67.1 67.4 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 78.6 78.3 78.2 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 176 199 209 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 8.8 81.5 87.0 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 1.3 3.1 3.5 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)f (% of exports)f (% of imports)f Exports 434.5 Nigeria 48.5 France 16.3 Imports 1 494.3 China 11.6 China 12.6 Balance –1 059.8 India 5.2 Togo 10.9 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.7 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.1 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5 Urban population (%) 2012 45.6 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 43.4 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.4/3.9 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 97.5 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 58.7/54.8 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 76.7 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.1 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 17.0 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)gh mid-2010 232.0/2.5 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 7 575 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.4 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 79.9/101.5 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 21.2 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)i 2008-2010 4.9/25.6 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 8.4 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 66 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 41.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 4 851/0.6 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 169.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres)c 1 308 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum)c 24.3/30.1 a Porto-Novo is the constitutional capital, Cotonou is the seat of government. b Official rate. c Cotonou. d Series linked to former series. e The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. f 2010. g Data refer to foreign-born and foreign citizens. h Includes refugees. i Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. World Statistics Pocketbook 23
  • 32. %HUPXGD Region Northern America Currency Bermudian Dollar (BMD) Surface area (square kilometres) 53 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 65 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 1 227.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Hamilton (11) Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 4 868 5 765 5 973 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2.0 –1.9 0.6 GDP per capita (current US$) 75 910.0 88 766.0 91 780.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 93 858.0 110 692.0 114 449.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 19.6 18.8 18.8 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 116 136 139 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 98 117 115 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 98 117 115 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 12.1abc ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 1.7ac ... ... Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)d 270 232 236 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 164.0 224.8 ... Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 65.5 84.2 88.3 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Imports 880.8 United States 71.0 Canada 12.2 Venezuela 4.0 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.0 Urban population (%) 2012 100.0 Population aged 0-14 years (%)efg 2012 17.3h Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)efg 2012 20.4/16.6h Sex ratio (males per 100 females)fij 2012 90.8 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)f 2010-2015 82.3/76.9h Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)f 2010-2015 1.8k International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 19.9/30.7 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.6 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 86.0/80.2 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 67.4 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 55 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 20.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 465/7.2 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2 375.0l Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 410 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 19.6/24.4 a 2004. b Excludes mining and quarrying. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. d Air arrivals. e De jure estimate. f Data compiled by the United Nations Demographic Yearbook system. g Data refer to the latest available census. h 2010. i The distribution between males and females was extrapolated from previous years. j De jure national estimate. k 2009. l UNSD estimate. 24 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 33. %KXWDQ Region South-central Asia Currency Ngultrum (BTN) Surface area (square kilometres) 38 394 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 738 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 19.2 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Thimphu (99) United Nations membership date 21 September 1971 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 819 1 585 1 725 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 7.1 11.8 5.9 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 242.0 2 183.0 2 336.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 1 223.0 2 088.0 2 292.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 49.9 51.6 53.3 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 45.07 44.81 53.26 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –79b –142 –355 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 117 156 170 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 106 95 100 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 106 95 100 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)c 17.2de 6.7f 9.2g Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)c 43.6de 59.5f 60.1g Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 63.4 65.5 65.8 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 77.6 76.0 76.5 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 14 41 66 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 287 636h ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 10.5 57.9 69.3 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 3.9 13.6 21.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 453.0 India 75.7 India 72.3 Imports 1 051.7 China, Hong Kong SAR 16.2 Republic of Korea 6.0 Balance –598.7 Bangladesh 5.8 Singapore 3.8 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.7 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Urban population (%) 2012 36.4 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 28.3 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 7.4/7.0 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 112.7 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 69.8/65.9 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 38.0 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.3 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 40.3/5.7 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.0 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 92.8/90.9 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 39.8 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)i 2008-2010 3.5/5.9 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 8.5 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 61 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 69.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 421/0.6 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 352.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres)j 799 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum)j 14.0/24.3 a Official rate. b 2006. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d May. e Population census. f March to April. g March to May. h 2009. i Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. j Wangdi Phodrang. World Statistics Pocketbook 25
  • 34. %ROLYLD 3OXULQDWLRQDO 6WDWH RI
  • 35. Region South America Currency Boliviano (BOB) Surface area (square kilometres) 1 098 581a Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 10 088 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 9.2 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Sucre (307)b United Nations membership date 14 November 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 9 549 19 650 23 949 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 4.4 4.1 5.2 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 044.0 1 979.0 2 374.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 1 011.0 1 892.0 2 276.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 13.0 16.6 19.0 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)c 8.04 6.99 6.91 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 622 874 537 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)d 117 160 175 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 101 123 128 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 101 123 128 Unemployment (% of labour force)ef ... 7.9g ... Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)e 19.4h 20.0gi ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)e 38.6h 32.1gi ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 61.1 63.8 64.1 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 81.5 81.0 80.9 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 524 807j ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 14 269 14 285g ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 33.5 80.9 91.5 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 5.2 22.4 30.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 9 112.7 Brazil 33.3 Brazil 18.1 Imports 7 672.7 Argentina 11.6 Argentina 12.5 Balance 1 440.0 United States 9.6 China 12.3 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.2 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Urban population (%) 2012 67.2 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 35.2 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 8.0/6.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 99.6 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 69.4/64.8 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 40.7 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.2 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 60.5 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 145.8/1.5 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 734 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.3 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 94.2/95.5 Education: Female third-level students (% of total)k 2006-2012 45.0 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)l 2008-2010 1.0/5.3 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 25.4 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 186 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 53.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 14 476/1.5 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 530.0 a Data updated. b La Paz is the capital and the seat of government; Sucre is the legal capital and the seat of the judiciary. c Market rate. d Urban areas. e Age group 10 years and over. f 10 urban agglom- erations. g 2009. h The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. i The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. j Preliminary data. k National estimate. l Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. 26 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 36. %RVQLD DQG +HU]HJRYLQD Region Southern Europe Currency Convertible Marka (BAM) Surface area (square kilometres) 51 209 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 3 752 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 73.3 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Sarajevo (389) United Nations membership date 22 May 1992 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 10 948 16 647 18 037 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 8.0 0.7 1.7 GDP per capita (current US$) 2 896.0 4 427.0 4 807.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 3 019.0 4 516.0 4 903.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 27.8 21.7 21.6 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 1.66 1.46 1.51 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –1 844 –946 –1 588 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 100 118 122 Industrial production index (2005=100)c 100 135 143 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 96 104 106 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 96 105 107 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)cd ... 31.0 28.9 Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)cd ... 19.7 19.6 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 32.3 35.2 35.2 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 56.7 58.5 58.6 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)e 217 365 392 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 5 945 6 973f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 67.8 109.3 110.0 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 21.3 52.0 60.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 5 850.1 Germany 14.7 Croatia 14.3 Imports 11 050.6 Croatia 14.6 Germany 10.6 Balance –5 200.5 Serbia 12.2 Russian Federation 10.5 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –1.3 Urban population (%) 2012 48.8 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 14.5 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 21.9/18.3 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 92.5 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 78.4/73.3 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 12.7 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.1 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 35.7g International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)hi mid-2010 27.8/0.7 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 177 821 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 90.8/88.7 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 55.7 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.8/3.1 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 21.4 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 76 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 43.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 30 074/8.0 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2 209.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 931 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 4.8/15.0 a Market rate. b Index base 2005=100. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d April. e Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments. f 2009. g 2005-2006. h Estimates. i Includes refugees. World Statistics Pocketbook 27
  • 37. %RWVZDQD Region Southern Africa Currency Pula (BWP) Surface area (square kilometres) 582 000 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 2 031 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 3.5 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Gaborone (202) United Nations membership date 17 October 1966 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 10 256 14 905 17 328 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 1.7 7.0 5.7 GDP per capita (current US$) 5 468.0 7 427.0 8 533.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 5 020.0 7 322.0 8 216.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 24.5 27.1 28.5 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 5.51 6.44 7.53 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 1 562 46 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 146 227 246 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 101 124 127 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 101 124 128 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 15.2bcde ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 29.9bcde ... ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 70.7 71.6 71.7 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 80.8 81.5 81.6 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 1 474 2 145 ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 689 517f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 37.3 124.6 150.2 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 3.3 6.0 7.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 5 881.9 United Kingdom 62.4 South Africa 65.7 Imports 7 272.0 South Africa 13.5 China 10.9 Balance –1 390.1 Israel 5.2 United Kingdom 9.9 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.7 Urban population (%) 2012 62.3 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 32.0 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 7.5/5.7 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 102.2 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 51.3/53.7 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 35.1 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.6 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 44.4g International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)h mid-2010 114.8/5.8 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 3 558 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 7.8 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)i 2006-2012 98.0/98.2 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 53.2 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)j 2008-2010 11.1/34.1 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 7.9 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 20 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 20.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 4 426/2.2 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 806.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 552 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 13.3/28.6 a Official rate. b 2006. c Excludes conscripts. d Age group 12 years and over. e The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. f 2009. g 2000. h Data refer to foreign citizens. i UNESCO estimate. j Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. 28 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 38. %UD]LO Region South America Currency Real (BRL) Surface area (square kilometres) 8 514 877 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 196 655 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 23.1 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Brasília (3 813) United Nations membership date 24 October 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 882 044 2 143 035 2 476 651 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 3.2 7.5 2.7 GDP per capita (current US$) 4 743.0 10 993.0 12 594.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 4 606.0 10 795.0 12 356.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 15.9 19.5 19.3 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 2.34 1.69 1.86 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 13 984 –47 323 –52 612 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 151 190 203 Industrial production index (2005=100)b 100 115 115 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 99 122 128 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 123 128 Unemployment (% of labour force)cd 9.9 6.7 6.0 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)bc 21.4e 22.1fg ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)bc 20.5e 17.0fg ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 58.9 59.4 59.6 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 82.0 81.0 80.9 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 5 358 5 161 5 433 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 138 589 165 973g ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 67.8 125.7 145.1 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 21.0 40.7 45.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 256 038.7 China 17.3 United States 15.1 Imports 226 243.4 United States 10.1 China 14.5 Balance 29 795.3 Argentina 8.9 Argentina 7.5 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –1.0 Urban population (%) 2012 84.9 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 24.5 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 11.9/9.9 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 96.8 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.4/70.7 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 19.0 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.8 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 80.3 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 688.0/0.4 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 9 147 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.6 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 118.8/115.5 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.9 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 5.4/54.7 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 8.6 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 1 008 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 62.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 366 847/1.9 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 842.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 552 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 16.1/26.6 a Market rate. b The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. c Age group 10 years and over. d 6 metropolitan areas. e September. f August. g 2009. World Statistics Pocketbook 29
  • 39. %ULWLVK 9LUJLQ ,VODQGV Region Caribbean Currency U.S. Dollar (USD) Surface area (square kilometres) 151 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 23 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 155.5 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Road Town (10) Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 870 894 916 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 14.3 4.5 2.5 GDP per capita (current US$) 39 565.0 38 460.0 39 015.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 36 562.0 35 147.0 35 565.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 24.0 23.9 23.9 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 110 ... ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 102 103 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 102 103 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 337 330 338 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 69.6a 316.9 ... Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) ... 37.0 ... Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6 Urban population (%) 2012 40.8 Population aged 0-14 years (%)bcd 2012 26.3e Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)bcd 2012 7.3/7.5e Sex ratio (males per 100 females)cfg 2012 106.1h International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 8.5/36.6 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 2 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.3 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)i 2006-2012 99.5/102.1 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 64.7 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 48 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 24.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 110/4.8 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 602.0j a Main telephone lines only. b De facto population count. c Data compiled by the United Nations Dem- ographic Yearbook system. d Data refer to the latest available census. e 2001. f The distribution between malesandfemaleswasextrapolatedfrompreviousyears.gDefactonationalestimate.h2004.iNational estimate. j UNSD estimate. 30 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 40. %UXQHL 'DUXVVDODP Region South-eastern Asia Currency Brunei Dollar (BND) Surface area (square kilometres) 5 765 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 406 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 70.4 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Bandar Seri Begawan (16) United Nations membership date 21 September 1984 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 9 531 12 371 16 360 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 0.4 2.6 2.2 GDP per capita (current US$) 26 249.0 31 010.0 40 301.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 26 249.0 31 161.0 40 496.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 11.4 15.9 13.4 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 1.66 1.29 1.30 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 4 033 3 977b ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 101 105c 107 Industrial production index (2005=100)d 100 88 ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 87 113 115 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 87 114 115 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 56.1 55.7 55.5 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 78.0 76.8 76.5 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)e 126 214 242 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 21 407 20 126b ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 87.2 129.1 128.8 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 36.5 53.0 56.0 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1 Urban population (%) 2012 76.4 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 25.6 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 6.1/6.8 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 101.9 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 80.6/76.0 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4.5 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.0 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 148.1/36.4 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 20 992 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.7 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 109.3/107.9 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 61.8 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 / Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 174 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 72.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 9 274/23.7 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 8 776.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2 913 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 23.3/31.8 a Market rate. b 2009. c Series linked to former series. d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. e Air arrivals. World Statistics Pocketbook 31
  • 41. %XOJDULD Region Eastern Europe Currency Lev (BGN) Surface area (square kilometres) 110 879 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 7 446 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 67.2 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Sofia (1 174) United Nations membership date 14 December 1955 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 28 894 47 727 53 514 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 6.4 0.4 1.7 GDP per capita (current US$) 3 734.0 6 368.0 7 187.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 3 730.0 6 242.0 6 999.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 25.7 22.8 20.9 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 1.66 1.47 1.51 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –3 347 –591 579 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 130 178 186 Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 98 103 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 91 105 104 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 91 106 105 Unemployment (% of labour force) 10.1 10.2 11.2 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)b 34.2c 33.3 ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)b 8.9c 6.8 ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 44.9 48.5 48.6 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 56.5 60.0 60.3 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 4 837 6 047 6 328 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 6 661 6 359d ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 112.9 165.8 171.7 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 20.0 46.2 51.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 28 165.2 Germany 11.9 Russian Federation 17.7 Imports 32 493.6 Romania 9.6 Germany 11.0 Balance –4 328.4 Turkey 8.5 Italy 7.1 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.7 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –2.8 Urban population (%) 2012 73.7 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 14.1 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 28.1/21.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 93.4 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.1/70.3 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 9.2 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.6 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)e 2006-2010 63.4f International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 107.2/1.4 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 7 072 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.6 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 91.4/94.4 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 55.5 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 2.0/6.2 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 20.8 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 83 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 36.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 42 770/5.7 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 843.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 571 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 5.0/15.1 a Market rate. b European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d 2009. e Age group 20 to 44 years. f 1997-1998. 32 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 42. %XUNLQD )DVR Region Western Africa Currency CFA Franc (XOF) Surface area (square kilometres) 272 967 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 16 968 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 62.2 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Ouagadougou (2 053) United Nations membership date 20 September 1960 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 5 463 8 831 10 095 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 8.7 7.9 5.1 GDP per capita (current US$) 385.0 536.0 595.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 382.0 534.0 593.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 19.7 22.9 23.0 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 556.04 490.91 506.96 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –819 –766b ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)c 116 131d 135 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 103 116 104 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 103 123 110 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 3.1ef ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 84.8ef ... ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 77.4 77.5 77.5 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 90.6 90.5 90.4 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)g 245 274 238 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 9 11b ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 5.1 35.5 46.1 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 0.5 2.4 3.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 2 312.4 Switzerland 69.2 France 12.1 Imports 2 406.4 South Africa 10.3 Côte d'Ivoire 10.7 Balance –94.0 Singapore 4.7 China 9.8 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 6.0 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.8 Urban population (%) 2012 27.4 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 45.2 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 4.4/3.0 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 98.8 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 57.0/55.0 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 71.0 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.8 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 17.4 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)h mid-2010 1 043.0/6.4 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 1 211 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.0 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 48.6/54.4 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 32.6 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)i 2008-2010 3.3/32.9 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 15.3 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 27 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 21.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 1 667/0.1 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 36.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 744 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 21.9/34.9 a Official rate. b 2009. c Ouagadougou. d Series linked to former series. e The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. f Core Welfare Indicators Questionnaire (World Bank). g Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments. h Includes refugees. i Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. World Statistics Pocketbook 33
  • 43. %XUXQGL Region Eastern Africa Currency Burundi Franc (BIF) Surface area (square kilometres) 27 834 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 8 575 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 308.1 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Bujumbura (605) United Nations membership date 18 September 1962 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 1 117 2 063 2 340 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 0.9 3.9 4.2 GDP per capita (current US$) 154.0 246.0 273.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 152.0 244.0 270.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 18.4 22.4 22.4 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 997.78 1 232.50 1 361.50 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –222 –323 –385 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 145 161c ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 98 111 112 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 113 112 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 84.1 83.7 83.7 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 82.3 81.9 82.1 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)d 148 142e ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 10 14f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2.5 14.1 14.5g Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 0.5 1.0 1.1 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6 Urban population (%) 2012 11.2 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 37.5 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.5/3.9 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 96.6 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 52.6/49.6 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 94.1 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.1 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 9.1h International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)i mid-2010 60.8/0.7 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 130 202 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.1 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 89.2/93.6 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 35.4 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)j 2008-2010 10.3/33.7 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 30.5 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 56 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 7.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 191/0.0 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 10.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 786 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 18.7/29.6 a Official rate. b Bujumbura. c 2007. d Includes nationals residing abroad. e Break in the series. f 2009. g Mobile cellular subscriptions only. h 2005-2006. i Includes refugees. j Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. 34 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 44. DPERGLD Region South-eastern Asia Currency Riel (KHR) Surface area (square kilometres) 181 035 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 14 305 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 79.0 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Phnom Penh (1 550) United Nations membership date 14 December 1955 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 6 293 11 242 12 830 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 13.3 6.0 7.1 GDP per capita (current US$) 471.0 795.0 897.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 403.0 754.0 838.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 18.9 16.2 16.0 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 4 112.00 4 051.00 4 039.00 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –307 –879 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 114 165 174 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 105 148 155 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 105 148 154 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)cd ... 16.2 16.9 Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)cd ... 54.2 55.8 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 76.4 79.3 79.2 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 86.7 86.6 86.7 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 1 422 2 508 2 882 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 4 4e ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 8.2 60.2 73.6 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 0.3 1.3 3.1 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 6 704.1 United States 31.4 China 28.3 Imports 6 143.3 China, Hong Kong SAR 17.9 Viet Nam 14.4 Balance 560.8 Singapore 6.6 Thailand 11.8 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0 Urban population (%) 2012 20.2 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 30.7 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 7.8/5.3 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 96.0 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 65.1/62.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 52.8 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.4 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 40.0f International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)g mid-2010 335.8/2.2 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 113 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.6 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)h 2006-2012 81.1/86.0 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 37.7 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)i 2008-2010 3.9/39.9 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 20.3 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 225 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 57.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 4 609/0.3 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 107.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 636 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 23.8/32.5 a Market rate. b Phnom Penh. c Age group 15 to 64 years. d Socio-economic survey. e 2009. f 2005. g Data refer to foreign citizens. h UNESCO estimate. i Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. World Statistics Pocketbook 35
  • 45. DPHURRQ Region Middle Africa Currency CFA Franc (XAF) Surface area (square kilometres) 475 650 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 20 030 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 42.1 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Yaoundé (2 432) United Nations membership date 20 September 1960 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 16 588 23 619 26 410 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2.3 3.2 4.1 GDP per capita (current US$) 945.0 1 205.0 1 319.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 910.0 1 180.0 1 262.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 17.7 19.0 21.9 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 556.04 490.91 506.96 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –493 –856 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 111 129 133 Industrial production index (2005=100)b 100 102 105 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 103 139 145 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 102 143 148 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)c 14.1 12.6 ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)c 55.7 53.3 ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 62.6 63.9 64.2 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 76.9 77.3 77.4 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 451d 573 ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 4 902 4 427e ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 13.4 46.8 55.7 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 1.4 4.3 5.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 2 147.4 Netherlands 19.3 France 17.3 Imports 5 074.4 France 11.6 China 14.2 Balance –2 927.0 China 8.5 Germany 4.5 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.2 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9 Urban population (%) 2012 52.7 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 40.4 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.9/5.0 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 99.7 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 53.6/51.4 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 84.9 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.3 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 29.2 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 196.6/1.0 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 103 671 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.5 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 78.6/91.3 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 42.2 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)f 2008-2010 13.9/25.6 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 13.9 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 632 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 42.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 6 668/0.3 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 108.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 541 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 19.8/28.5 a Official rate. b The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. c Age group 10 years and over. d 2006. e 2009. f Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. 36 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 46. DQDGD Region Northern America Currency Canadian Dollar (CAD) Surface area (square kilometres) 9 984 670 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 34 350 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 3.4 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Ottawa-Gatineau (1 208)a United Nations membership date 9 November 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 1 133 757 1 577 040 1 736 869 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 3.0 3.2 2.5 GDP per capita (current US$) 35 119.0 46 361.0 50 565.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 34 461.0 45 556.0 49 686.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 21.3 22.1 22.5 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 1.16 1.00 1.02 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 21 714 –49 307 –49 086 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 112 122 126 Industrial production index (2005=100)c 100 88 92 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 102 103 104 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 102 103 105 Unemployment (% of labour force) 6.8 8.0 7.5 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)cd 22.0 21.5e ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)cd 2.7 2.4e ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 60.9 61.8 61.9 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 72.7 71.5 71.4 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 18 771 16 097 16 014 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 388 916 377 492f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 108.9 120.7 123.1 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 71.7 80.3 83.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 450 430.0 United States 73.7 United States 49.5 Imports 450 579.5 United Kingdom 4.2 China 10.8 Balance –149.5 China 3.8 Mexico 5.5 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4 Urban population (%) 2012 80.8 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 16.3 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 22.3/19.3 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 98.6 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 83.5/78.9 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4.9 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.7 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)g 2006-2010 74.0h International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 7 202.3/21.3 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 206 735 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.0 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 100.2/101.4 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.4h Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.9/2.7 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 24.7 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 84 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 34.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 513 517/15.2 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 6 636.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 943 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 1.1/10.9 a The capital is Ottawa. b Market rate. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d Excludes residents of the Territories and indigenous persons living on reserves. e 2008. f 2009. g Age group 18 to 44 years. h 2002. World Statistics Pocketbook 37
  • 47. DSH 9HUGH Region Western Africa Currency Cape Verde Escudo (CVE) Surface area (square kilometres) 4 033 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 501 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 124.1 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Praia (132) United Nations membership date 16 September 1975 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 972 1 648 1 889 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 6.5 5.4 5.0 GDP per capita (current US$) 2 055.0 3 323.0 3 773.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 1 984.0 3 183.0 3 649.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 35.8 47.1 45.5 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 93.47 82.53 85.22 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –41 –213 –288 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 105 127 133 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 98 125 128 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 98 125 128 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 48.0 50.2 50.8 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 83.0 83.1 83.3 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)b 198 336 428 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 1 0c ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 32.4 89.5 94.1 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 6.1 30.0 32.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 68.9 Spain 66.6 Portugal 39.1 Imports 961.3 Portugal 15.7 Netherlands 15.6 Balance –892.4 Germany 8.4 Spain 10.0 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –1.1 Urban population (%) 2012 63.4 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 30.2 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 8.7/5.8 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 98.6 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.7/70.5 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 18.5 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.3 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 61.3d International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 12.1/2.4 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.6 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 100.7/97.5 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.8 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)e 2008-2010 4.8/21.9 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 20.8 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 47 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 21.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 315/0.7 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 215.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres)f 70 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum)f 23.5/23.5g a Official rate. b Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments. c 2009. d 2005. e Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. f Sal. g Refers to average temperature. 38 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 48. DPDQ ,VODQGV Region Caribbean Currency Cayman Islands Dollar (KYD) Surface area (square kilometres) 264 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 57 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 214.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) George Town (28) Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 3 042 3 191 3 268 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 6.5 –3.3 1.1 GDP per capita (current US$) 58 195.0 56 751.0 57 610.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 52 716.0 51 408.0 52 185.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 22.4 22.4 22.4 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 0.81 0.81 0.81 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 117 125 ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 94 105 110 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 94 105 110 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)bc 22.2 19.1d ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)bc 1.7 1.9d ... Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)e 168 288 309 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 227.6 244.1 233.3 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 38.0 66.0 69.5 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.0 Urban population (%) 2012 100.0 Population aged 0-14 years (%)fgh 2012 18.1i Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)fgh 2012 8.8/8.3i Sex ratio (males per 100 females)fgh 2012 97.8i Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)gj 2010-2015 83.8/76.3k Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)g 2010-2015 1.6l International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 35.7/63.0 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 4 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 102.9/109.4m Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 68.9 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 38 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 50.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 513/9.2 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 3 024.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 429 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 22.2/30.3 a UN operational exchange rate. b October. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d 2008. e Air arrivals. f De jure population count. g Data compiled by the United Nations Demographic Yearbook system. h Data refer to the latest available census. i 2010. j The data are based on a small number of deaths. k 2006. l 2007. m 1999. World Statistics Pocketbook 39
  • 49. HQWUDO $IULFDQ 5HSXEOLF Region Middle Africa Currency CFA Franc (XAF) Surface area (square kilometres) 622 984 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 4 487 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 7.2 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Bangui (740) United Nations membership date 20 September 1960 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 1 350 1 986 2 196 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2.4 3.0 3.3 GDP per capita (current US$) 336.0 451.0 489.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 334.0 450.0 462.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 9.8 14.1 14.9 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 556.04 490.91 506.96 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)bc 112 138 ... Industrial production index (2005=100)d 100 126 136 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 99 115 122 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 114 122 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 71.7 72.5 72.5 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 85.5 85.2 85.1 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)e 12 54 ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 12 12f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2.7 22.4 25.1 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 0.3 2.0 2.2 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 103.9 France 26.3 France 31.7 Imports 214.7 Japan 15.0 Japan 13.6 Balance –110.8 Cameroon 9.7 Cameroon 7.7 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.0 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.6 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6 Urban population (%) 2012 39.3 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 39.9 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 6.5/5.4 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 97.1 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 51.3/47.7 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 95.8 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.4 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 19.0 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)g mid-2010 80.5/1.8 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 199 903 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 1.3 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 45.7/66.0 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 24.5 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)h 2008-2010 14.4/44.5 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 12.5 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 42 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 36.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 235/0.0 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 21.0i a Official rate. b Excludes rent. c Bangui. d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. e Air arrivals in Bangui only. f 2009. g Data refer to foreign citizens. h Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. i UNSD estimate. 40 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 50. KDG Region Middle Africa Currency CFA Franc (XAF) Surface area (square kilometres) 1 284 000 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 11 526 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 9.0 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) N'Djamena (1 079) United Nations membership date 20 September 1960 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 5 873 8 919 10 450 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 7.9 14.6 3.6 GDP per capita (current US$) 600.0 794.0 907.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 338.0 431.0 517.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 20.3 22.7 22.6 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 556.04 490.91 506.96 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 126 147 ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 104 105 107 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 104 110 112 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 64.5 64.5 64.4 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 80.1 80.2 80.2 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 46c 71 ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 8 899 5 793d ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2.3 26.1 32.1 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 0.4 1.7 1.9 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.6 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5 Urban population (%) 2012 21.9 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 45.2 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 4.9/4.1 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 99.0 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 51.6/48.6 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 123.9 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.7 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 2.8e International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)f mid-2010 388.3/3.4 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 497 735 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.5 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 51.8/76.6 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 19.1 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)g 2008-2010 7.9/23.8 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 12.8 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 33 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 9.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 414/0.0 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 6.0h Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 510i Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 20.8/30.5 a Official rate. b N'Djamena. c 2006. d 2009. e 2004. f Includes refugees. g Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. h UNSD estimate. i January to November only. World Statistics Pocketbook 41
  • 51. KLOH Region South America Currency Chilean Peso (CLP) Surface area (square kilometres) 756 102 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 17 270 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 22.8 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Santiago (6 034) United Nations membership date 24 October 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 123 056 216 309 248 592 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 6.2 6.1 6.0 GDP per capita (current US$) 7 549.0 12 640.0 14 395.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 6 918.0 11 780.0 13 583.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 21.5 21.5 23.2 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 514.21 468.37 521.46 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 1 449 3 269 –3 220 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 114b 101c 105c Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 109 115 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 109 115 Unemployment (% of labour force) 9.2 8.1de 7.1 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)f 23.0g 23.0 ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)f 13.2g 10.6 ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 38.2 46.8 47.1 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 72.9 74.3 74.2 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2 027 2 766 3 070 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 4 670 4 320h ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 85.9 136.2 149.2 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 31.2 45.0 53.9 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 81 411.1 China 22.8 United States 20.2 Imports 74 907.1 United States 11.2 China 16.9 Balance 6 504.0 Japan 11.1 Brazil 8.3 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –1.1 Urban population (%) 2012 89.4 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 21.4 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 15.2/12.4 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 97.8 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 82.4/76.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 6.8 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.8 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)i 2006-2010 64.2 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 320.4/1.9 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 2 038 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.2 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 95.6/95.6 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 51.0 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.9/12.3 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 14.2 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 146 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 22.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 66 677/3.9 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 359.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 313 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 8.3/22.5 a Principal rate. b Santiago. c Index base 2009=100. d Methodology revised. e Data not strictly compa- rable. f The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. g Fourth quarter. h 2009. i Age group 15 to 44 years. 42 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 52. KLQDD Region Eastern Asia Currency Renminbi (CNY) Surface area (square kilometres) 9 596 961 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 1 347 565 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 140.4 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Beijing (15 594) United Nations membership date 24 October 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2 283 671 5 951 462 7 203 784 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 11.3 10.3 9.2 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 777.0 4 515.0 5 439.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 1 744.0 4 519.0 5 535.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 39.7 45.6 46.2 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 8.07 6.62 6.30 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 132 378 237 810 201 714 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)c 107 124 130 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 118 123 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 119 123 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)def 23.8 28.7 ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)def 44.8 36.7 ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 69.1 67.9 67.7 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 81.2 80.2 80.1 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 46 809 55 664 57 581 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 1 439 360 1 814 970g ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 56.9 86.0 94.4 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 8.5 34.3 38.3 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports)h Exports 1 898 388.0 United States 17.1 Japan 11.2 Imports 1 743 395.0 China, Hong Kong SAR 14.1 Republic of Korea 9.3 Balance 154 993.5 Japan 7.8 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.9 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –2.3 Urban population (%) 2012 51.9 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 18.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 14.3/12.5 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 108.0 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 75.6/72.1 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 19.6 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.6 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 84.6 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)i mid-2010 685.8/0.1 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 301 048j Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 1.9k Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 95.7/92.5 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 49.7 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.0/2.2 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 21.3 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 911 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 22.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 7 680 825/5.8 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 431.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 578 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 6.5/17.7 a For statistical purposes the data for China do not include those for Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Macao Special Administrative Region and Taiwan Province of China, except for statistics relating to population of Taiwan Province. b Principal rate. c Index base period: the same month of 2000=100. d December. e Official estimates. f Age group 16 years and over. g 2009. h For more information, refer to the technical notes. i Estimates. j The 300,000 Vietnamese refugees are well integrated and in practice receive protection from the Government of China. k 1999. World Statistics Pocketbook 43
  • 53. KLQD +RQJ .RQJ 6$5 Region Eastern Asia Currency Hong Kong Dollar (HKD) Surface area (square kilometres) 1 104 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 7 122 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 6 451.3 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Hong Kong (7 122) Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 177 772 224 176 243 302 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 7.1 7.0 5.0 GDP per capita (current US$) 26 105.0 31 784.0 34 161.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 26 136.0 32 300.0 35 186.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 20.9 21.3 21.9 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 7.75 7.77 7.77 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 20 181 12 390 12 904 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 94 104 110 Unemployment (% of labour force) 5.6 4.3 ... Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)b 15.1c 12.4de ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)b 0.3c 0.2de ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 51.8 51.0 51.0 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 71.0 68.3 68.1 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 14 773 20 085 22 316 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 181.2 257.4 270.7 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 56.9 72.0 74.5 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 455 573.4 China 54.1 China 43.2 Imports 510 854.7 United States 9.4 Japan 8.5 Balance –55 281.3 Japan 3.8 Singapore 6.5 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.0 Urban population (%) 2012 100.0 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 11.0 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 19.4/19.5 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 89.9 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 86.4/80.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 2.0 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.1 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 79.5 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 2 741.8/38.8 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 750 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.5 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 90.9/88.3 Education: Female third-level students (% of total)f 2006-2012 51.4 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 56 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 36 962/5.3 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 689.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2 398 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 21.4/25.6 a Market rate. b Excludes marine and institutional populations. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. d Average of quarterly estimates. e 2009. f National estimate. 44 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 54. KLQD 0DFDR 6$5 Region Eastern Asia Currency Pataca (MOP) Surface area (square kilometres) 30 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 556 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 18 524.4 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Macao (556) Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 11 791 28 270 36 428 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 8.5 27.0 20.7 GDP per capita (current US$) 24 493.0 51 999.0 65 551.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 22 411.0 47 021.0 59 134.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 25.8 12.5 12.3 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 7.99 8.02 8.00 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2 942 12 084 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 99 124 131 Industrial production index (2005=100)b 100 45 45 Unemployment (% of labour force)c 4.1 2.8de 2.5 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)b 25.0f 16.0cgh ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)bf 0.1 0.2ij ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 59.1 66.3 66.6 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 73.3 76.9 77.2 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 9 014 11 926 12 925 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 146.9 237.3 273.3 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 34.9 53.8 58.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports)k (% of imports) Exports 870.0 China 29.9 Imports 7 926.8 China, Hong Kong SAR 11.9 Balance –7 056.8 France 9.6 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.0 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.0 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.0 Urban population (%) 2012 100.0 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 12.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 11.4/13.5 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 92.5 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 83.8/79.1 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4.1 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.2 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 299.7/54.7 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 11 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.6 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 91.3/96.1 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 51.5 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 9 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 1 466/2.8 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 320.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2 123 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 20.2/25.2 a Market rate. b The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. c Age group 16 years and over. d Methodology revised. e Data are not strictly comparable with those of previous years. f Age group 14 years and over. g Excludes mining and quarrying. h 2009. i Includes mining and quarrying. j 2008. k For more information, refer to the technical notes. World Statistics Pocketbook 45
  • 55. RORPELD Region South America Currency Colombian Peso (COP) Surface area (square kilometres) 1 141 748 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 46 927 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 41.1 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Bogotá (8 744) United Nations membership date 5 November 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 146 566 286 398 333 185 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 4.7 4.0 5.9 GDP per capita (current US$) 3 405.0 6 186.0 7 100.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 3 320.0 5 949.0 6 827.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 19.7 21.7 23.0 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 2 284.22 1 989.88 1 942.70 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –1 886 –8 760 –9 980 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 140 177 184 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 99 103 107 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 106 110 Unemployment (% of labour force)c 11.8 11.8 10.8 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)de 20.3 20.0 ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)de 21.4 17.9 ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 52.9 55.3 55.8 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 81.0 79.7 79.7 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 933 2 385 ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 76 092 95 843f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 68.6 111.6 113.6 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 11.0 36.5 40.4 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 56 953.5 United States 38.5 United States 25.0 Imports 54 674.8 Netherlands 4.4 China 15.0 Balance 2 278.7 Chile 3.9 Mexico 11.1 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2 Urban population (%) 2012 75.6 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 28.0 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 10.0/8.3 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 96.7 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.7/70.4 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 16.7 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.3 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 78.2g International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 110.3/0.2 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 3 888 684 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.5 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 105.3/102.6 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 51.6 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 5.3/63.3 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 12.1 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 497 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 55.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 71 173/1.6 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 520.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 799 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 7.4/16.0 a Official rate. b Low income group. c Age group 12 years and over in urban areas and 10 years and over in rural areas. d Age group 12 years and over. e The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. f 2009. g 2004-2005. 46 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 56. RPRURV Region Eastern Africa Currency Comorian Franc (KMF) Surface area (square kilometres) 2 235 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 754 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 337.3 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Moroni (54) United Nations membership date 12 November 1975 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 387 543 610 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 4.2 2.1 2.2 GDP per capita (current US$) 602.0 740.0 809.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 600.0 733.0 802.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 9.3 14.3 16.9 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 417.03 368.18 380.22 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 96 113 112 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 96 114 112 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 32.5 34.7 35.1 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 79.7 80.4 80.4 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 26 11b ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 5.0 25.4 31.8 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2.0 5.1 5.5 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)b (% of exports)b (% of imports)b Exports 12.6 France 43.7 United Arab Emirates 29.4 Imports 181.5 Singapore 23.8 France 21.4 Balance –168.9 Netherlands 6.3 Pakistan 14.7 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.8 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4 Urban population (%) 2012 28.1 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 42.6 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 4.6/3.9 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 101.5 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 63.2/60.3 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 62.8 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.7 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 25.7c International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 13.5/2.0 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 0d Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 7.6 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)e 2006-2012 72.9/86.4 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 45.4 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)f 2008-2010 7.9/16.4 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 3.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 92 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 2.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 125/0.2 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 59.0g Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2 700 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 21.2/29.5 a Official rate. b 2009. c 2000. d Value is zero, not available or not applicable. e UNESCO estimate. f Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. g UNSD estimate. World Statistics Pocketbook 47
  • 57. RQJR Region Middle Africa Currency CFA Franc (XAF) Surface area (square kilometres) 342 000 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 4 140 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 12.1 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Brazzaville (1 611) United Nations membership date 20 September 1960 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 6 087 10 775 13 240 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 7.6 8.7 4.5 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 723.0 2 665.0 3 198.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 1 250.0 2 406.0 2 241.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 24.1 44.9 55.0 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 556.04 490.91 506.96 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 696 –2 181b ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)c 110 139d ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 125 129 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 125 129 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 20.6efg ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 35.4efg ... ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 67.5 68.2 68.4 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 71.6 72.7 72.9 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)h 35 101 ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 12 798 14 361i ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 16.3 94.2 94.1 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 1.5 5.0 5.6 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)j (% of exports)j (% of imports)j Exports 6 917.6 China 20.9 Angola 15.0 Imports 4 369.4 Angola 13.1 France 12.2 Balance 2 548.2 France 12.5 Singapore 10.1 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.8 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0 Urban population (%) 2012 64.1 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 40.5 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 6.0/5.1 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.2 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 59.3/56.6 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 66.7 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.4 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 44.3k International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 143.2/3.8 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 145 319 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.2 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)l 2006-2012 74.9/81.9m Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 36.8 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)n 2008-2010 13.5/48.0 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 7.4 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 104 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 66.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 1 942/0.5 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 158.0 a Official rate. b 2007. c Brazzaville. d Series linked to former series. e Core Welfare Indicators Ques- tionnaire (World Bank). f June to August. g The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. h Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments. i 2009. j 2010. k 2005. l UNESCO estimate. m 2004. n Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. 48 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 58. RRN ,VODQGV Region Oceania-Polynesia Currency New Zealand Dollar (NZD) Surface area (square kilometres) 236 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 20 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 86.5 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Avarua (...)a Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 183 241 275 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) –1.1 0.2 3.4 GDP per capita (current US$) 9 409.0 11 895.0 13 478.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 9 409.0 11 895.0 13 478.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 13.1 15.4 15.3 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 1.46 1.31 1.30 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)c 118 144 ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 104 96 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 104 96 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 88 104 113 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports)d (% of imports) Exports 4.1d Japan 48.8 China 26.8 New Zealand 12.2 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.4 Urban population (%) 2012 73.8 Population aged 0-14 years (%)e 2012 26.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)e 2012 12.7/12.1 Sex ratio (males per 100 females)e 2012 103.2f Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)g 2010-2015 76.3/69.6h Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)e 2010-2015 11.6i Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)e 2010-2015 2.5j Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 43.2k International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 2.8/14.1 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)l 2006-2012 99.6/89.8 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 55 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 65.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 70/3.5 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 167.0m a Population estimates for Avarua are not available. Avarua is located on the island of Rarotonga, the population of which is 15.007. b UN operational exchange rate. c Rarotonga. d 2008. e Data compiled by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community Demography Programme. f 2011. g Data compiled by the UnitedNationsDemographicYearbooksystem.h2001-2006.i2005-2009.j2005-2006.k1999.lNational estimate. m UNSD estimate. World Statistics Pocketbook 49
  • 59. RVWD 5LFD Region Central America Currency Costa Rican Colon (CRC) Surface area (square kilometres) 51 100 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 4 727 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 92.5 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) San José (1 515) United Nations membership date 2 November 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 19 965 36 218 41 007 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 5.9 4.7 4.2 GDP per capita (current US$) 4 633.0 7 774.0 8 676.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 4 452.0 7 563.0 8 475.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 18.7 19.9 20.0 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 496.68 512.97 511.84 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –981 –1 281 –2 195 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 170 268 281 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 98 108 112 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 98 109 114 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 21.6cde 19.5de 19.8cf Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 15.2cde 15.0de 14.1cf Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 44.0 46.0 46.4 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 80.4 78.9 78.9 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 1 679 2 100 2 192 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 681 751g ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 57.8 96.9 123.7 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 22.1 36.5 42.1 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 10 222.2 United States 38.3 United States 45.6 Imports 18 263.8 Netherlands 6.7 China 8.4 Balance –8 041.6 Panama 5.5 Mexico 6.7 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 Urban population (%) 2012 65.1 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 23.9 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 10.8/9.5 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 103.1 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 82.0/77.1 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 9.2 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.8 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)h 2006-2010 80.0i International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)j mid-2010 489.2/10.5 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 20 512 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.3 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 105.6/103.7 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 54.8 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 2.6/18.8 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 38.6 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 296 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 51.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 8 310/1.8 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 666.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 866 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 16.2/24.9 a Market rate. b Central area. c July. d Age group 12 years and over. e The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. f The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. g 2009. h Age group 18 to 44 years. i 1999. j Includes refugees. 50 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 60. {WH G ,YRLUH Region Western Africa Currency CFA Franc (XOF) Surface area (square kilometres) 322 463 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 20 153 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 62.5 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Yamoussoukro (966)a United Nations membership date 20 September 1960 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 17 085 22 947 24 102 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 1.7 3.0 –4.7 GDP per capita (current US$) 948.0 1 163.0 1 196.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 883.0 1 118.0 1 150.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 9.2 8.4 7.6 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 556.04 490.91 506.96 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 40 465 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)c 117 133d 139 Industrial production index (2005=100)e 100 103 96 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 99 105 110 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 98 105 110 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 50.2 51.5 51.8 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 81.7 81.3 81.2 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)f 182g 260 270 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 3 757 4 238h ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 14.5 80.5 87.8 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 1.0 2.1 2.2 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 11 049.1 United States 11.9 Nigeria 23.4 Imports 6 720.0 Netherlands 11.7 France 11.8 Balance 4 329.1 Germany 7.4 China 6.9 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.6 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7 Urban population (%) 2012 52.0 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 40.4 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.6/6.4 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 103.5 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 57.7/55.3 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 68.8 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.2 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 12.9 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)i mid-2010 2 406.7/11.2 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 754 508 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.6 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)j 2006-2012 42.8/62.5k Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 34.3 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)l 2008-2010 17.6/94.5 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 11.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 216 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 33.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 6 592/0.3 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 138.0 a Yamoussoukro is the capital, Abidjan is the seat of government. b Official rate. c Abidjan. d Series linked to former series. e The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. f Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. g 2007. h 2009. i Data refer to foreign-born and foreign citizens. j UNESCO estimate. k 2002. l Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. World Statistics Pocketbook 51
  • 61. URDWLD Region Southern Europe Currency Kuna (HRK) Surface area (square kilometres) 56 594 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 4 396 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 77.7 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Zagreb (686) United Nations membership date 22 May 1992 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 44 821 59 472 62 493 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 4.3 –1.4 0.0 GDP per capita (current US$) 10 090.0 13 506.0 14 217.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 9 876.0 13 035.0 13 713.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 24.7 20.6 18.8 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 6.23 5.57 5.82 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –2 460 –963 –466 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 114 133 136 Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 99 98 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 98 99 96 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 98 99 96 Unemployment (% of labour force) 12.6 11.8 13.4 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 28.6bc 27.3d 27.5d Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 17.3bc 14.9d 15.4d Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 46.4 46.0 46.0 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 61.4 59.6 59.7 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)e 7 743 9 111 9 927 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 3 653 3 860f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 124.5 154.3 156.4 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 33.1 60.3 70.7 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 13 364.0 Italy 15.8 Italy 16.4 Imports 22 714.7 Bosnia-Herzegovina 12.3 Germany 12.6 Balance –9 350.7 Germany 10.1 Russian Federation 7.2 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.9 Urban population (%) 2012 58.1 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 14.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 27.4/20.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 92.9 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 80.4/73.3 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 5.6 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)g 2006-2010 58.0h International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)i mid-2010 700.0/15.9 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 24 301 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.3 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 97.1/92.7 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.3 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.0/1.2 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 23.8 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 149 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 34.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 21 519/4.9 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 936.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 856 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 5.4/15.7 a Market rate. b Excludes conscripts. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). e Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments. f 2009. g Age group 15 to 44 years. h 1970. i Includes refugees. 52 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 62. XED Region Caribbean Currency Cuban Peso (CUP)a Surface area (square kilometres) 109 884 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 11 254 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 102.4 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Havana (2 116) United Nations membership date 24 October 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 42 644 64 328 68 715 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 11.2 2.4 2.7 GDP per capita (current US$) 3 789.0 5 714.0 6 106.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 3 733.0 5 631.0 6 017.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 9.0 10.4 12.2 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 109 125b ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 97 86 94 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 97 86 95 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)cd 19.1e 17.0 ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)cd 20.2e 18.5 ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 38.8 43.1 43.3 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 67.3 70.1 69.9 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)f 2 261 2 507 2 688 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 3 953 3 982g ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 8.8 19.3 22.3 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 9.7 15.9 23.2 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.1 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 Urban population (%) 2012 75.1 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 16.5 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 19.0/16.8 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 101.2 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 81.3/77.4 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 5.0 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 72.6 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 15.3/0.1 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 389 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 12.9 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 94.6/96.1 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 60.9 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 2.2/7.2 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 45.2 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 312 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 26.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 31 591/2.8 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 788.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 189 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 21.6/28.8 a The Cuban Convertible Peso (CUC) is only exchangeable within the country. b 2008. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. d Age group for males 17 to 59 years and for females 17 to 54 years. e December. f Air arrivals. g 2009. World Statistics Pocketbook 53
  • 63. SUXVD Region Western Asia Currency Euro (EUR)b Surface area (square kilometres) 9 251 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 1 117c Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 120.7 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Nicosia (253) United Nations membership date 20 September 1960 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 16 902 23 053 24 994 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 3.9 1.3 0.5 GDP per capita (current US$) 22 298.0 28 483.0 30 523.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 21 372.0 27 565.0 30 443.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 19.4 19.1 16.3 Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 0.48de 0.75f 0.77f Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –971 –2 309 –2 546 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 115 129 134 Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 100 92 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 98 84 85 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 98 84 85 Unemployment (% of labour force) 5.3 6.2 7.7 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)g 24.1h 20.8 21.4 Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)g 4.6h 3.8 3.9 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 53.6 57.1 57.2 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 73.1 71.3 71.5 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2 470 2 173 2 392 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 116.5 131.1 134.0 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 32.8 53.0 57.7 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports)i (% of imports) Exports 1 954.8 Greece 23.6 Greece 21.2 Imports 8 788.6 Israel 10.1 Balance –6 833.8 United Kingdom 8.7 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %)c 2010-2015 1.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %)c 2010-2015 1.4 Rural population growth rate (average annual %)c 2010-2015 0.4 Urban population (%)c 2012 70.7 Population aged 0-14 years (%)c 2012 17.2 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)c 2012 18.5/15.3 Sex ratio (males per 100 females)c 2012 104.4 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)c 2010-2015 82.1/77.7 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)c 2010-2015 4.4 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)c 2010-2015 1.5 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 154.3/17.5 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 6 562j Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 7.9 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)k 2006-2012 101.8/102.0 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 46.1 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.3/2.2 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 10.7 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 56 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 19.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 8 193/7.5 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2 207.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 308 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 12.8/26.0 a Data generally refer to the government-controlled area unless otherwise indicated. b Beginning 1 January 2008, the Cyprus Pound (CYP) was replaced by the euro (1 EUR=0.585274 CYP). c Includes Northern Cyprus. d Official rate. e Currency = Cyprus Pound. f Market rate. g European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). h The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. i For more information, refer to the technical notes. j UNHCR's assistance activities for internally displaced persons in Cyprus ended in 1999. k National estimate. 54 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 64. ]HFK 5HSXEOLF Region Eastern Europe Currency Czech Koruna (CZK) Surface area (square kilometres) 78 865 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 10 534 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 133.6 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Prague (1 276) United Nations membership date 19 January 1993 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 130 066 198 947 217 077 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 6.8 2.5 1.9 GDP per capita (current US$) 12 726.0 18 960.0 20 607.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 12 189.0 17 538.0 19 163.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 25.9 24.5 23.9 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 24.59 18.75 19.94 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –1 210 –7 602 –6 349 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 112 129 131 Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 112 119 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 90 96 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 91 96 Unemployment (% of labour force) 7.9 7.3 6.7 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 39.5b 38.0c 38.4c Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 4.0b 3.1c 3.0c Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 50.7 49.3 49.6 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 68.8 68.2 68.2 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 9 404 8 629 8 775 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 26 843 24 088d ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 146.7 144.7 142.5 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 35.3 68.8 73.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 162 391.7 Germany 32.2 Germany 25.8 Imports 150 813.4 Slovakia 9.0 China 12.5 Balance 11 578.3 Poland 6.3 Poland 6.6 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4 Urban population (%) 2012 73.4 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 14.3 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 25.8/19.8 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 96.5 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 81.0/74.7 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.0 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)e 2006-2010 72.0f International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 453.0/4.4 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 3 358g Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.4 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 95.3/95.2 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.8 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.7/1.1 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 22.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 45 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 34.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 108 033/10.3 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 3 239.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 526 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 3.6/12.5 a Official rate. b The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. c European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). d 2009. e Age group 15 to 44 years. f 1997. g Refugee population refers to the end of 2010. Others of concern to UNHCR include asylum-seekers (pending cases) referring to 565 undecided cases at the first instance at the end of 2011 and 344 undecided cases on appeal at the end of 2010. World Statistics Pocketbook 55
  • 65. 'HPRFUDWLF 3HRSOH V 5HSXEOLF RI .RUHD Region Eastern Asia Currency North Korean Won (KPW) Surface area (square kilometres) 120 538 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 24 451 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 202.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) P'yongyang (2 843) United Nations membership date 17 September 1991 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 13 031 12 139 12 385 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 3.8 –0.5 –0.1 GDP per capita (current US$) 548.0 498.0 506.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 547.0 499.0 506.0 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 141.00 98.10 99.65 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 101 99 104 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 101 99 103 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 72.6 71.8 71.6 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 85.8 83.9 83.7 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 23 187 21 214b ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 4.2c 6.6 8.9 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1 Urban population (%) 2012 60.4 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 22.0 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 16.3/10.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 96.4 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 72.1/65.9 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 25.1 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.0 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 68.6d International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)e mid-2010 37.1/0.2 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)f 2008-2010 3.7/27.1 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 15.6 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 60 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 47.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 75 042/3.1 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 826.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 940 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 5.6/15.7 a UN operational exchange rate. b 2009. c Main telephone lines only. d 2002. e Estimates. f Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. 56 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 66. 'HPRFUDWLF 5HSXEOLF RI WKH RQJR Region Middle Africa Currency Franc Congolais (CDF) Surface area (square kilometres) 2 344 858 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 67 758 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 28.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Kinshasa (8 798) United Nations membership date 20 September 1960 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 7 191 13 190 16 069 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 7.8 7.2 6.9 GDP per capita (current US$) 125.0 200.0 237.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 119.0 187.0 221.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 13.9 26.4 27.5 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 431.28 915.13 910.65 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –389 –2 174 –1 281 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 105 114 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 105 115 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 70.5 70.2 70.2 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 72.3 72.4 72.5 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 61 81b 186 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2 002 1 891c ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 4.8 18.0 23.2 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 0.2 0.7 1.2 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.6 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.2 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.8 Urban population (%) 2012 34.8 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 45.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 4.6/3.8 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 99.0 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 50.6/47.3 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 109.5 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.5 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 20.6 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)d mid-2010 444.7/0.7 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 2 706 932 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 60.2/76.7 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 23.6 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)e 2008-2010 7.8/35.8 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 8.9 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 306 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 68.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 2 693/0.0 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 22.0 a Market rate. b Air arrivals only. c 2009. d Includes refugees. e Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. World Statistics Pocketbook 57
  • 67. 'HQPDUN Region Northern Europe Currency Danish Krone (DKK) Surface area (square kilometres) 43 094 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 5 573 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 129.3 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Copenhagen (1 206) United Nations membership date 24 October 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 257 676 311 989 332 019 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2.4 1.3 0.8 GDP per capita (current US$) 47 546.0 56 213.0 59 581.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 48 210.0 57 525.0 61 485.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 19.7 17.4 17.3 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 6.32 5.61 5.75 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 11 104 17 134 21 568 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 110 122 126 Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 87 89 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 101 100 100 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 101 100 100 Unemployment (% of labour force) 4.8 7.5 7.6 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 23.4bc 19.5d 19.9d Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2.8bc 2.4d 2.4d Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 60.6 60.0 59.8 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 71.5 69.4 69.1 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)e 9 178 8 744 7 363 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent)f 29 772 22 067g ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 162.3 172.9 171.6 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 82.7 88.7 90.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)f (% of exports)f (% of imports)f Exports 112 783.9 Germany 14.7 Germany 20.4 Imports 97 831.3 Sweden 12.2 Sweden 13.3 Balance 14 952.6 United Kingdom 9.0 Netherlands 7.0 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.7 Urban population (%) 2012 87.1 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 17.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 25.5/22.2 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 98.5 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 81.4/76.7 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.9 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.9 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)h 2006-2010 78.0i International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 483.7/8.8 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 18 009 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 8.7 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 109.5/108.8 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 58.1 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.5/0.9 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 39.1 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 38 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 13.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 45 661/8.3 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2 799.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 525 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 5.0/11.1 a Market rate. b Age group 15 to 74 years. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). e Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation estab- lishments. f Excludes Faeroe Islands and Greenland. g 2009. h Age group 15 to 44 years. i 1988. 58 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 68. 'MLERXWL Region Eastern Africa Currency Djibouti Franc (DJF) Surface area (square kilometres) 23 200 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 906 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 39.0 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Djibouti (496) United Nations membership date 20 September 1977 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 709 1 129 1 283 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 3.2 3.5 4.8 GDP per capita (current US$) 877.0 1 271.0 1 417.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 959.0 1 357.0 1 513.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 19.3 19.1 18.9 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 177.72 177.72 177.72 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 20 50 ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 95 114 114 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 95 114 114 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 33.4 35.5 36.0 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 66.5 67.0 67.2 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)b 30 53c ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 6.8 20.7 23.4 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 1.0 6.5 7.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)d (% of exports)d (% of imports)d Exports 363.7 Ethiopia 35.4 France 30.5 Imports 647.6 France 20.1 United Arab Emirates 18.5 Balance –283.9 Somalia 11.9 Saudi Arabia 6.0 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.0 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5 Urban population (%) 2012 77.1 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 35.1 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 6.1/5.1 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.1 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 60.0/57.0 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 75.0 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.6 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 17.8 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)e mid-2010 114.2/13.0 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 22 247 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 8.4 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 42.1/49.4 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 39.9 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)f 2008-2010 0.6/6.2 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 13.8 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 86 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 531/0.6 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 180.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 164 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 25.9/33.9 a Official rate. b Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments. c 2008. d 2009. e Includes refugees. f Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death regis- tration data from other countries in the region. World Statistics Pocketbook 59
  • 69. 'RPLQLFD Region Caribbean Currency E.C. Dollar (XCD) Surface area (square kilometres) 751 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 68 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 90.1 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Roseau (14) United Nations membership date 18 December 1978 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 362 482 496 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) –0.5 2.1 0.5 GDP per capita (current US$) 5 246.0 7 107.0 7 322.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 4 826.0 6 747.0 6 963.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 20.2 21.6 22.4 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 2.70 2.70 2.70 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –76 –82 –85 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 106 120c ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 95 116 113 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 95 117 114 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 79 77 76 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2 2c ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 103.0 178.7 164.0d Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 38.5 47.5 51.3 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)e (% of exports)e (% of imports)e Exports 34.1 Saint Kitts and Nevis 17.6 United States 41.8 Imports 224.6 Jamaica 17.3 Trinidad and Tobago 15.3 Balance –190.5 Trinidad and Tobago 13.8 Venezuela 7.3 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.4 Urban population (%) 2012 67.3 Population aged 0-14 years (%)fgh 2012 29.5i Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)fgh 2012 15.1/11.7i Sex ratio (males per 100 females)ghj 2012 104.4k Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)g 2010-2015 78.2/73.8l Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)g 2010-2015 3.0m Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)n 2006-2010 49.8o International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 5.5/8.3 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 0p Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.5 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 110.1/107.1 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 12.5 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 52 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 60.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 128/1.9 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 663.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres)q 2 575 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum)q 23.1/29.3 a Official rate. b Index base 2001=100. c 2009. d Mobile cellular subscriptions only. e 2010. f De facto estimate. g Data compiled by the United Nations Demographic Yearbook system. h Data refer to the latest available census. i 2006. j De facto population count. k 2011. l 2008. m 2001. n Age group 15 to 44 years. o 1987. p Value is zero, not available or not applicable. q Melville Hall airport. 60 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 70. 'RPLQLFDQ 5HSXEOLF Region Caribbean Currency Dominican Peso (DOP) Surface area (square kilometres) 48 671 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 10 056 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 206.6 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Santo Domingo (2 191) United Nations membership date 24 October 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 33 431 50 980 55 433 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 9.3 7.8 4.5 GDP per capita (current US$) 3 609.0 5 135.0 5 512.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 3 407.0 4 957.0 5 321.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 16.4 16.3 16.3 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 34.88 37.93 38.79 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –473 –4 330 –4 499 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 230 314 341b Industrial production index (2005=100)c 100 114 121 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 99 123 127 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 125 129 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)de 22.3 14.9 ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)de 14.6 12.0 ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 48.9 50.8 51.0 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 80.3 78.7 78.6 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)fg 3 691 4 125 4 306 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 164 126h ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 48.8 99.8 97.6 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 11.5 31.4 35.5 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 6 112.5 United States 54.5 United States 41.6 Imports 18 156.1 Haiti 16.6 China 9.8 Balance –12 043.6 China 5.4 Venezuela 6.8 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.0 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.7 Urban population (%) 2012 70.3 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 30.4 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 9.5/9.0 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.6 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 76.6/71.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 21.6 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.5 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 72.9 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 434.3/4.3 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 2 380 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.2 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 91.3/92.3 Education: Female third-level students (% of total)i 2006-2012 61.3j Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 3.2/22.0 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 20.8 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 134 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 41.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 20 317/2.1 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 641.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 447 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 21.5/30.4 a Principal rate. b Series linked to former series. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d Age group10yearsandover.eTheindicesareshownintermsofISICRev.2.fAirarrivals.gIncludesnationals residing abroad. h 2009. i UNESCO estimate. j 2004. World Statistics Pocketbook 61
  • 71. (FXDGRU Region South America Currency U.S. Dollar (USD) Surface area (square kilometres) 256 369 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 14 666 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 57.2 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Quito (1 622) United Nations membership date 21 December 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 36 942 57 978 66 381 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 5.7 3.6 7.8 GDP per capita (current US$) 2 751.0 4 008.0 4 526.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2 607.0 3 931.0 4 439.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 22.1 25.2 28.6 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 474 –1 613 –259 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 175a 219 229 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 98 120 122 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 98 121 123 Unemployment (% of labour force)b 7.4c 7.6de 6.0 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)fg 17.2h 18.6 ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)fg 31.5h 28.2 ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 55.2 53.7 54.3 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 84.6 82.6 82.7 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)ij 860 1 047 1 141 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 29 184 27 025k ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 59.0 116.6 119.6 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 6.0 29.0 31.4 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 22 342.5 United States 43.5 United States 21.2 Imports 24 286.1 Peru 7.9 China 13.7 Balance –1 943.6 Venezuela 6.6 Colombia 8.7 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.5 Urban population (%) 2012 68.0 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 29.6 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 10.0/8.8 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.2 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 78.9/73.0 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 19.1 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.4 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 72.7l International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)m mid-2010 393.6/2.9 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 144 994 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.9 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 104.1/103.5 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 52.9 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 3.3/36.7 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 32.3 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 2 282 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 36.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 30 078/2.1 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 751.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 014 a Series linked to former series. b Urban areas. c 2007. d Methodology revised. e Data not strictly comparable. f Age group 10 years and over. g The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. h Fourth quarter. i Excludes nationals residing abroad. j Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. k 2009. l 2004. m Includes refugees. 62 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 72. (JSW Region Northern Africa Currency Egyptian Pound (EGP) Surface area (square kilometres) 1 002 000 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 82 537 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 82.4 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Cairo (11 169) United Nations membership date 24 October 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 94 456 214 623 231 222 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 4.5 5.2 1.8 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 273.0 2 646.0 2 801.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 1 259.0 2 629.0 2 784.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 16.9 19.2 16.7 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 5.73 5.79 6.02 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2 103 –4 504 –5 484 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 134 232b 255 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 98 110 113 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 110 114 Unemployment (% of labour force) 11.0 9.0 ... Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)c 21.5de 25.3 ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)c 30.9de 28.2 ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 20.6 23.5 23.7 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 75.8 74.2 74.3 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 8 244 14 051 9 497 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 83 649 98 163f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 32.5 99.0 111.6 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 11.7 30.2 35.6 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 31 582.4 Italy 8.6 United States 10.4 Imports 62 282.0 India 7.2 China 9.2 Balance –30 699.6 Saudi Arabia 6.3 Germany 6.3 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.0 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4 Urban population (%) 2012 43.6 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 31.1 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 9.1/7.7 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.8 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 75.5/71.6 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 22.0 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.6 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 60.3 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)g mid-2010 244.7/0.3 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 114 085 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.8 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 82.2/91.5 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 46.7 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 /2.2 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 128 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 215 960/2.7 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 894.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 25 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 15.8/27.7 a Principal rate. b Series linked to former series. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d Average of May and November. e Age group 15 to 64 years. f 2009. g Includes refugees. World Statistics Pocketbook 63
  • 73. (O 6DOYDGRU Region Central America Currency U.S. Dollar (USD) Surface area (square kilometres) 21 041a Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 6 227 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 296.0 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) San Salvador (1 605) United Nations membership date 24 October 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 17 094 21 428 23 054 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 3.6 1.4 1.5 GDP per capita (current US$) 2 825.0 3 460.0 3 702.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2 744.0 3 371.0 3 600.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 15.3 13.3 14.2 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 8.75 8.75 8.75 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –622 –658 –1 223 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)c 118 140 147 Industrial production index (2005=100)d 100 106 108 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 99 109 121 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 108 123 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)d 22.2ef 21.4g ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)d 20.0ef 20.8g ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 44.6 47.1 47.4 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 77.6 78.7 78.6 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 1 127 1 150 1 184 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 234 260h ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 55.9 140.5 141.1 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 4.2 15.9 17.7 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 5 308.2 United States 46.1 United States 38.2 Imports 9 964.5 Guatemala 13.9 Guatemala 9.9 Balance –4 656.3 Honduras 13.2 Mexico 7.4 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.8 Urban population (%) 2012 65.3 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 30.6 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 10.6/8.8 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 90.1 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.1/67.7 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 19.0 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.2 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)i 2006-2010 72.5 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)j mid-2010 40.3/0.7 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 43 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.4 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 88.4/90.9 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 54.2 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 13.2/100.9 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 26.2 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 74 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 14.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 6 295/1.0 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 345.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 734 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 18.4/30.1 a The total surface is 21040.79 square kilometres, without taking into account the last ruling of The Hague. b Principal rate. c Urban areas. d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. e December. f Age group 10 years and over. g Age group 16 years and over. h 2009. i Age group 15 to 44 years. j Includes refugees. 64 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 74. (TXDWRULDO *XLQHD Region Middle Africa Currency CFA Franc (XAF) Surface area (square kilometres) 28 051 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 720 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 25.7 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Malabo (137) United Nations membership date 12 November 1968 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 7 206 11 816 16 139 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 8.9 –0.8 7.1 GDP per capita (current US$) 11 856.0 16 871.0 22 409.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 6 021.0 11 536.0 13 903.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 21.7 60.9 44.0 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 556.04 490.91 506.96 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 145c ... ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 111 113 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 101 113 115 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 80.4 80.6 80.6 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 92.5 92.3 92.3 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 24 609 23 206d ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 17.6 58.9 59.2e Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 1.2 6.0 ... Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.7 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.2 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4 Urban population (%) 2012 39.6 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 39.0 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 4.4/4.7 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 105.1 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 52.9/50.3 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 93.3 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.0 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 10.1f International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)g mid-2010 7.5/1.1 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 0h Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)i 2006-2012 0.6j Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)i 2006-2012 60.9/73.5k Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 30.3f Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)l 2008-2010 10.8/30.1 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 10.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 131 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 58.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 4 811/7.1 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2 559.0m a Official rate. b Malabo. c 2006. d 2009. e Mobile cellular subscriptions only. f 2000. g Data refer to foreign citizens. h Value is zero, not available or not applicable. i UNESCO estimate. j 2003. k 2002. l Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. m UNSD estimate. World Statistics Pocketbook 65
  • 75. (ULWUHD Region Eastern Africa Currency Nakfa (ERN) Surface area (square kilometres) 117 600 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 5 415 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 46.1 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Asmara (712) United Nations membership date 28 May 1993 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 1 098 2 117 2 609 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2.6 2.2 8.7 GDP per capita (current US$) 245.0 403.0 482.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 247.0 407.0 486.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 20.3 9.3 10.0 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 15.38 15.38 15.38 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 107 107 111 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 107 107 110 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 78.0 79.6 79.8 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 89.8 90.0 90.0 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)bc 83 84 107 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 1.7 4.6 5.5 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 1.8 5.4 6.2 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.9 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 5.0 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.3 Urban population (%) 2012 21.8 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 41.5 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 4.9/3.2 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 97.3 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 64.4/59.7 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 47.5 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.2 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 8.0d International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)e mid-2010 16.5/0.3 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 4 726 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.1 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 34.8/43.2 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 27.4 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)f 2008-2010 6.2/29.8 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 22.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 103 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 15.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 513/0.1 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 32.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 533 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 8.9/23.2 aOfficialrate.bIncludesnationalsresidingabroad.cArrivalsofnon-residentvisitorsatnationalborders. d 2002. e Estimates. f Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. 66 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 76. (VWRQLD Region Northern Europe Currency Euro (EUR)a Surface area (square kilometres) 45 227 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 1 341 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 29.6 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Tallinn (400) United Nations membership date 17 September 1991 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 13 903 18 981 22 175 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 8.9 3.3 8.3 GDP per capita (current US$) 10 330.0 14 153.0 16 542.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 9 937.0 13 363.0 15 679.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 32.1 19.1 21.7 Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 13.22bc 11.71bc 0.77d Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –1 386 549 477 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 119 151 158 Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 104 122 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 103 110 116 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 103 110 116 Unemployment (% of labour force) 7.9 16.9 12.5 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)e 33.8f 30.1g 31.9g Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)e 5.2f 4.2g 4.4g Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 53.4 56.5 56.7 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 65.4 67.7 68.2 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 1 917 2 372 2 665 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 3 184 3 305h ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 140.2 159.2 174.1 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 61.5 74.1 76.5 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 18 132.6 Russian Federation 15.7 Russian Federation 11.4 Imports 18 783.7 Sweden 14.3 Germany 9.9 Balance –651.1 Finland 13.7 Finland 9.8 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.3 Urban population (%) 2012 69.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 15.9 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 27.9/17.8 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 85.7 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 80.0/69.8 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4.4 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.7 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)i 2006-2010 70.3j International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 182.5/13.6 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 97 808 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.1 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 102.7/103.2 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 60.9 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 3.4/14.3 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 19.8 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 17 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 52.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 15 938/11.9 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 3 361.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 675 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 1.8/8.9 a Beginning 1 January 2011, the Estonian Kroon (EEK) was replaced by the euro (1 EUR=156466 EEK). b Official rate. c Currency = Estonian Kroon. d Market rate. e Age group 15 to 74 years. f Excludes conscripts. g European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). h 2009. i Age group 20 to 49 years. j 1994. World Statistics Pocketbook 67
  • 77. (WKLRSLD Region Eastern Africa Currency Birr (ETB) Surface area (square kilometres) 1 104 300 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 84 734 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 76.7 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Addis Ababa (2 979) United Nations membership date 13 November 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 12 286 26 575 30 247 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 11.8 12.6 11.2 GDP per capita (current US$) 165.0 320.0 357.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 166.0 319.0 356.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 23.8 24.7 25.5 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 8.68 16.55 17.21 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –1 568 –425 –783 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 138 313 417 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 101 126 136 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 102 126 135 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 6.6cde ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 79.3cde ... ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 78.4 78.3 78.4 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 91.1 89.9 89.8 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)f 227 468 523 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 244 309g ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 1.4 9.4 17.7 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 0.2 0.8 1.1 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 2 614.9 Germany 12.2 China 19.3 Imports 8 896.3 China 10.8 Saudi Arabia 10.1 Balance –6 281.4 Somalia 9.3 India 8.4 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.6 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.8 Urban population (%) 2012 17.3 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 40.2 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.7/5.0 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 99.1 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 61.6/58.3 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 62.9 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.9 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 14.7h International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)i mid-2010 548.0/0.6 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 290 212 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.7 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 69.6/77.5 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 30.2 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)j 2008-2010 9.2/41.9 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 27.8 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 123 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 11.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 7 881/0.1 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 31.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 055 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 15.9/23.2 a Official rate. b Index base 2001=100. c March. d Age group 10 years and over. e The indices are shown intermsofISICRev.3.fIncludesnationalsresidingabroad.g2009.h2005.iIncludesrefugees.jEstimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. 68 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 78. )DHURH ,VODQGV Region Northern Europe Currency Danish Krone (DKK) Surface area (square kilometres) 1 393 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 49 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 35.1 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Tórshavn (20) Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 6.32 5.61 5.75 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 109 121b ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 102 102 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 102 102 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 22.2cde ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 11.1cde ... ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 9 9b ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 136.5 163.5 ... Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 67.9 75.2 80.7 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)b (% of exports)b (% of imports)b Exports 761.7 United Kingdom 17.3 Denmark 30.4 Imports 783.4 Denmark 11.0 Norway 18.1 Balance –21.7 France 10.8 Chile 6.6 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1 Urban population (%) 2012 41.3 Population aged 0-14 years (%)fgh 2012 22.0i Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)fgh 2012 20.5/18.1i Sex ratio (males per 100 females)gj 2012 108.1 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)g 2010-2015 82.3/76.8i Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)g 2010-2015 2.5k International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 3.3/6.5 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 13 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 707/14.6 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 4 857.0l Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 284 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 4.5/8.6 a Market rate. b 2009. c September. d Age group 16 years and over. e The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. f De jure estimate. g Data compiled by the United Nations Demographic Yearbook system. h Data refer to the latest available census. i 2008. j De jure national estimate. k 2007. l UNSD estimate. World Statistics Pocketbook 69
  • 79. )LML Region Oceania-Melanesia Currency Fiji Dollar (FJD) Surface area (square kilometres) 18 272 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 868 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 47.5 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Suva (177) United Nations membership date 13 October 1970 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 3 007 3 173 3 813 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 5.4 –0.2 2.0 GDP per capita (current US$) 3 655.0 3 687.0 4 391.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 3 579.0 3 571.0 4 252.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 15.7 16.8 17.0 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 1.74 1.82 1.82 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –257 –360 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 115 146 159 Industrial production index (2005=100)b 100 101 104 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 99 83 83 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 83 83 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 39.6 39.3 39.3 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 79.6 79.6 79.5 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)c 545 632 675 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 29 40d ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 38.6 96.2 98.7 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 8.5 20.0 28.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)e (% of exports)ef (% of imports)e Exports 841.4 Australia 21.0 Singapore 33.1 Imports 1 808.5 United States 11.4 Australia 20.3 Balance –967.1 New Zealand 15.9 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 – Urban population (%) 2012 52.6 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 28.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 9.0/7.9 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 104.1 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 72.3/66.9 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 17.2 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.6 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 40.9g International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 18.5/2.2 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 8 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.5 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 96.7/93.2 Education: Female third-level students (% of total)h 2006-2012 53.1 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 /1.5 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 262 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 56.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 846/1.0 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 358.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 3 040 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 22.2/28.7 a Official rate. b The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. c Excludes nationals residing abroad. d 2009. e 2010. f For more information, refer to the technical notes. g 1974. h UNESCO estimate. 70 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 80. )LQODQG Region Northern Europe Currency Euro (EUR) Surface area (square kilometres) 336 851 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 5 385a Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 16.0b Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Helsinki (1 134) United Nations membership date 14 December 1955 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 195 778 236 802 263 247 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2.9 3.3 2.7 GDP per capita (current US$) 37 331.0 44 142.0 48 887.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 37 503.0 44 799.0 49 152.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 20.1 19.0 19.6 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)c 0.85 0.75 0.77 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 6 330 3 495 –1 860 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 106d 116 120d Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 100 101 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 102 94 99 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 102 94 99 Unemployment (% of labour force)e 8.4 8.4 7.8 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)e 25.6f 23.2g 22.9g Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)e 4.8f 4.4g 4.2g Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 56.8 56.1 55.9 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 65.3 64.5 64.2 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 3 140 3 670 4 192 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 5 376 5 516h ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 140.9 179.7 186.1 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 74.5 86.9 89.4 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 78 794.2 Sweden 11.8 Russian Federation 18.2 Imports 83 861.7 Germany 9.4 Sweden 14.1 Balance –5 067.5 Russian Federation 9.3 Germany 13.7 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %)a 2010-2015 0.3 Urban population growth rate (average annual %)a 2010-2015 0.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %)a 2010-2015 –0.5 Urban population (%)a 2012 83.8 Population aged 0-14 years (%)a 2012 16.5 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)a 2012 28.3/23.3 Sex ratio (males per 100 females)a 2012 96.5 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)a 2010-2015 83.3/77.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)a 2010-2015 2.8 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)a 2010-2015 1.9 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)i 2006-2010 77.4j International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)a mid-2010 225.7/4.2 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 15 072 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.8 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 104.7/102.4 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 53.8 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.3/3.3 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 42.5 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 24 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 73.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 53 524/10.0 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 4 555.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 650 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 1.0/8.7 a Includes Åland Islands. b Surface area excludes Åland Islands. c Market rate. d Series linked to former series. e Age group 15 to 74 years. f The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. g European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). h 2009. i Age group 25 to 49 years. j 1989. World Statistics Pocketbook 71
  • 81. )UDQFH Region Western Europe Currency Euro (EUR) Surface area (square kilometres) 551 500 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 63 126 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 114.5 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Paris (10 620) United Nations membership date 24 October 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2 136 556 2 565 756 2 775 518 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 1.8 1.7 1.7 GDP per capita (current US$) 34 002.0 39 637.0 42 642.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 34 534.0 40 393.0 43 446.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 19.4 19.5 20.1 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 0.85 0.75 0.77 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –10 260 –39 790 –54 440 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 110 119 121 Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 91 93 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 98 99 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 98 99 Unemployment (% of labour force) 8.9 9.3 9.2 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)b 23.7c 22.2 22.1 Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)b 3.6c 2.9 2.9 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 50.2 51.2 51.1 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 62.5 62.1 61.9 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 74 988 77 648 81 411 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent)d 46 788 45 299e ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 134.1 156.9 161.0 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 42.9 80.1 79.6 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)d (% of exports)d (% of imports)d Exports 581 541.9 Germany 16.5 Germany 16.9 Imports 700 851.6 Italy 8.2 China 8.0 Balance –119 309.8 Spain 7.3 Belgium 7.8 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –3.3 Urban population (%) 2012 86.4 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 18.4 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 25.9/21.3 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 94.9 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 84.9/78.5 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.3 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.0 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)f 2006-2010 76.6g International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 6 684.8/10.7 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 260 627 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.9 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 111.8/111.9 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 55.0 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.9/1.9 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 26.9 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 219 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 29.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita)d 2009 363 058/5.8 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent)d 2009 2 778.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 650 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 8.5/15.5 a Market rate. b European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d Includes Monaco. e 2009. f Metropolitan France only. g 2004-2005. 72 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 82. )UHQFK *XLDQD Region South America Currency Euro (EUR) Surface area (square kilometres) 83 534 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 237 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 2.8 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Cayenne (67) Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 0.85 0.75 0.77 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 108 119 122 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 95 97 101 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 95 97 101 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 53.5 53.8 53.8 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 67.1 64.9 64.5 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 95 83b ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent)c 53 61b ... Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.8 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.8 Urban population (%) 2012 76.6 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 32.6 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 7.5/7.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.2 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 80.5/73.4 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 12.7 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.1 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 107.5/46.5 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 65 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 98.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 700/3.1 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 260.0c Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres)d 3 674 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum)d 22.5/30.1 a Market rate. b 2009. c UNSD estimate. d Rochambeau. World Statistics Pocketbook 73
  • 83. )UHQFK 3ROQHVLD Region Oceania-Polynesia Currency CFP Franc (XPF) Surface area (square kilometres) 4 000 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 274 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 68.4 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Papeete (137) Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 5 463 6 675 7 198 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 1.3 1.6 1.6 GDP per capita (current US$) 21 434.0 24 654.0 26 290.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 21 434.0 24 654.0 26 290.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 17.0 17.1 17.2 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 100.84 90.81 92.36 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 106 116 118 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 105 104 104 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 105 104 104 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 47.4 47.9 47.9 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 66.9 66.7 66.6 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)b 208 154 163 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 15 18c ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 68.0 100.0 101.5 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 21.5 49.0 49.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 149.8 China, Hong Kong SAR 26.6 France 26.4 Imports 1 627.7 Japan 20.8 Singapore 15.4 Balance –1 477.9 France 20.0 United States 10.3 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0 Urban population (%) 2012 51.4 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 24.3 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 10.5/9.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 104.7 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 78.1/73.1 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 7.2 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.0 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 34.8/12.8 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 169 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 42.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 894/3.3 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 141.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres)d 1 761 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum)d 22.3/29.5 a UN operational exchange rate. b Excludes nationals residing abroad. c 2009. d Tahiti. 74 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 84. *DERQ Region Middle Africa Currency CFA Franc (XAF) Surface area (square kilometres) 267 668 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 1 534 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 5.7 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Libreville (686) United Nations membership date 20 September 1960 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 9 459 18 771 24 146 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 5.6 5.6 5.8 GDP per capita (current US$) 6 901.0 12 469.0 15 738.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 6 138.0 10 817.0 13 582.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 19.8 24.0 25.8 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 556.04 490.91 506.96 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 1 983 ... ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 105 123 124 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 122 133 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 122 133 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 11.8cd ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 24.2cd ... ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 55.1 56.0 56.3 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 65.0 64.9 65.0 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)e 269 ... ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 13 822 12 402f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 56.6 109.0 119.3 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 4.9 7.2 8.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)f (% of exports)f (% of imports)f Exports 5 356.0 United States 59.0 France 32.9 Imports 2 500.9 China 8.0 Belgium 15.7 Balance 2 855.1 Spain 5.3 United States 7.1 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.3 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.4 Urban population (%) 2012 86.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 34.6 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 7.0/6.4 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.8 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 64.3/62.3 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 43.8 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.2 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 32.7g International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)h mid-2010 284.1/18.9 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 12 792 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)i 2006-2012 3.8g Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)i 2006-2012 90.9/94.8g Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 35.7j Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)k 2008-2010 7.0/20.5 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 15.8 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 205 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 85.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 1 623/1.1 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 456.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2 842 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 23.3/28.6 a Official rate. b Libreville. c Core Welfare Indicators Questionnaire (World Bank). d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. e Arrivals of non-resident tourists at Libreville airport. f 2009. g 2000. h Data refer to foreign citizens. i UNESCO estimate. j 1999. k Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. World Statistics Pocketbook 75
  • 85. *DPELD Region Western Africa Currency Dalasi (GMD) Surface area (square kilometres) 11 295 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 1 776 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 157.3 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Banjul (506) United Nations membership date 21 September 1965 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 630 963 1 225 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) –0.9 6.1 5.5 GDP per capita (current US$) 419.0 557.0 689.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 379.0 513.0 635.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 29.2 27.5 28.6 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 28.13 28.39 30.24 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –51 21 21 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 157 193 202 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 94 133 86 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 94 133 86 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 71.8 72.4 72.4 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 83.4 83.2 83.1 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)c 108 91 106 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 19.4 88.4 91.8 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 3.8 9.2 10.9 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 94.7 Senegal 35.3 Côte d'Ivoire 21.1 Imports 343.7 Guinea 23.1 Brazil 9.7 Balance –249.0 Mali 16.7 China 8.8 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.7 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.6 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4 Urban population (%) 2012 57.9 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 43.4 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 3.3/3.7 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 97.5 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 60.3/57.7 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 66.4 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.7 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 17.5d International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 290.1/16.6 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 9 554 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.2 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)e 2006-2012 69.4/69.9 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 19.2f Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)g 2008-2010 6.3/15.4 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 7.5 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 49 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 48.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 436/0.3 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 88.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 977 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 19.9/32.0 a Market rate. b Banjul and Kombo St. Mary only. c Charter tourists only. d 2001. e UNESCO estimate. f 2004. g Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. 76 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 86. *HRUJLD Region Western Asia Currency Lari (GEL) Surface area (square kilometres) 69 700 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 4 329a Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 62.1 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Tbilisi (1 121) United Nations membership date 31 July 1992 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 6 411 11 638 14 367 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 9.6 6.3 7.0 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 432.0 2 674.0 3 319.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 1 453.0 2 592.0 3 211.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 28.1 19.3 21.9 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 1.79 1.77 1.67 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –757 –1 323 –1 907 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)c 132 189 ... Industrial production index (2005=100)d 100 137 167 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 121 67 73 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 121 68 74 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 9.3d ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 54.3d ... ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 55.4 55.6 55.8 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 73.3 73.8 74.2 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)e 560 2 032 2 822 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 619 778f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 39.0 116.9 133.4 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 6.1 26.9 36.6 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 2 189.1 Azerbaijan 19.5 Turkey 18.0 Imports 7 057.1 Turkey 10.4 Ukraine 10.0 Balance –4 868.0 Armenia 10.2 Azerbaijan 8.7 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %)a 2010-2015 –0.6 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.4 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.9 Urban population (%)a 2012 52.9 Population aged 0-14 years (%)a 2012 16.5 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)a 2012 22.4/16.7 Sex ratio (males per 100 females)a 2012 89.0 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)a 2010-2015 77.3/70.5 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)a 2010-2015 25.6 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)a 2010-2015 1.5 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)g 2006-2010 47.3h International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 167.3/4.0 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 276 068 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.7 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 97.2/100.6 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 54.3 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.2/7.7 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 6.6 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 50 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 39.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 5 840/1.3 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 634.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 496 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 13.0/13.0i a Includes Abkhazia and South Ossetia. b Official rate. c 5 cities. d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. e Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. f 2009. g Age group 15 to 44 years. h 2005. i Refers to average temperature. World Statistics Pocketbook 77
  • 87. *HUPDQ Region Western Europe Currency Euro (EUR) Surface area (square kilometres) 357 121 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 82 163 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 230.1 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Berlin (3 462) United Nations membership date 18 September 1973 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2 766 254 3 306 028 3 604 061 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 0.7 4.2 3.0 GDP per capita (current US$) 33 514.0 40 169.0 43 865.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 33 893.0 40 981.0 44 682.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 17.3 17.5 18.2 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 0.85 0.75 0.77 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 140 220 200 710 202 730 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 108 117 120 Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 104 112 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 103 104 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 103 104 Unemployment (% of labour force) 11.2 7.1 5.9 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)b 29.8c 28.4 28.3 Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)b 2.4c 1.6 1.6 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 50.6 52.9 53.0 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 66.8 66.7 66.5 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)d 21 500 26 875 28 374 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 96 432 82 591e ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 162.4 191.2 195.4 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 68.7 82.0 83.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 1 482 202.0 France 9.5 Netherlands 9.1 Imports 1 260 298.0 United States 7.0 China 8.9 Balance 221 904.8 Netherlands 6.5 France 7.3 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 – Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.7 Urban population (%) 2012 74.1 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 13.3 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 29.1/24.2 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 96.3 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 83.0/78.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.5 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)f 2006-2010 70.1g International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 10 758.1/13.1 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 658 818 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.1 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 100.9/105.1 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.8/0.9 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 32.9 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 107 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 32.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 733 998/8.9 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 3 241.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 571 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 5.9/13.4 a Market rate. b European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments. e 2009. f Age group 20 to 39 years. g 1992. 78 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 88. *KDQD Region Western Africa Currency (new) Cedi (GHS)a Surface area (square kilometres) 238 533 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 24 966 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 104.7 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Accra (2 573) United Nations membership date 8 March 1957 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 17 198 31 305 39 200 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 6.2 6.6 15.1 GDP per capita (current US$) 795.0 1 283.0 1 570.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 785.0 1 297.0 1 544.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 20.6 22.4 26.2 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 0.91 1.47 1.55 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –1 105 –2 700 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 251 511 555 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 126 129 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 125 129 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 13.6cdefg ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 57.2cdefg ... ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 67.7 66.8 66.9 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 72.0 71.6 71.8 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)h 429 931 ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 484 591i ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 14.8 72.6 85.9 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 1.8 12.7 14.1 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 18 400.6 Togo 25.0 United Kingdom 16.5 Imports 13 573.3 South Africa 17.1 China 15.2 Balance 4 827.3 France 9.4 United States 9.6 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.3 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9 Urban population (%) 2012 52.6 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 38.3 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 6.3/5.7 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 103.6 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 65.8/63.7 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 43.9 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.0 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 23.5 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 1 851.8/7.6 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 26 220 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.5 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 81.4/87.5 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 37.2 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)j 2008-2010 5.9/25.1 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 8.3 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 213 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 22.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 7 438/0.3 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 111.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 807 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 23.4/30.8 a Beginning 1 July 2007, 1 new Cedi = 10000 old Cedis. b Principal rate. c 2006. d Age group 15 to 64 years. e The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. f Living standards survey. g September of the preceding year to September of the current year. h Includes nationals residing abroad. i 2009. j Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. World Statistics Pocketbook 79
  • 89. *UHHFH Region Southern Europe Currency Euro (EUR) Surface area (square kilometres) 131 957 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 11 390 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 86.3 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Athens (3 414) United Nations membership date 25 October 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 240 076 301 065 299 001 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2.3 –3.5 –6.9 GDP per capita (current US$) 21 468.0 26 504.0 26 251.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 21 155.0 25 781.0 25 416.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 20.7 16.6 14.0 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 0.85 0.75 0.77 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –18 233 –30 897 –29 227 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 118b 139 143b Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 85 78 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 103 82 85 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 103 85 87 Unemployment (% of labour force) 9.8 12.5 17.7 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)c 22.4d 19.7 17.8 Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)c 12.4d 12.5 12.4 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 42.3 44.5 44.8 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 65.0 64.9 65.0 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)e 14 765 15 007 16 427 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 9 251 9 047f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 148.2 160.0 156.4 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 24.0 44.4 53.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 31 711.1 Italy 9.3 Germany 10.5 Imports 60 832.2 Turkey 7.8 Russian Federation 9.5 Balance –29 121.1 Germany 7.7 Italy 9.2 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.4 Urban population (%) 2012 61.7 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 14.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 27.0/22.4 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 98.1 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 82.6/77.6 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4.5 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)g 2006-2010 76.2h International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)i mid-2010 1 132.8/10.1 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 45 720 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.1 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 103.9/106.4 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 49.8 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 /5.0 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 21.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 272 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 30.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 94 839/8.4 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2 852.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 414 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 12.3/22.5 a Market rate. b Series linked to former series. c European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. e Information based on administrative data. f 2009. g Age group 16 to 45 years. h 2001. i Data refer to foreign citizens. 80 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 90. *UHHQODQG Region Northern America Currency Danish Krone (DKK) Surface area (square kilometres) 2 166 086 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 57 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 0.0 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Nuuk (16) Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 1 650 2 186 2 439 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 3.7 1.2 2.6 GDP per capita (current US$) 28 856.0 38 154.0 42 575.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 28 172.0 37 264.0 41 585.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 24.8 55.6 47.5 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 6.32 5.61 5.75 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 113 132 ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 99 99 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 99 99 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 137.5 138.2 137.2 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 57.7 63.0 64.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports)b Exports 473.7 Denmark 92.0 Denmark 54.5 Imports 966.1 Portugal 3.4 Sweden 21.6 Balance –492.4 Iceland 1.9 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 – Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –1.9 Urban population (%) 2012 85.0 Population aged 0-14 years (%)cde 2012 22.2f Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)cde 2012 11.0/11.4f Sex ratio (males per 100 females)dg 2012 112.4f Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)d 2010-2015 72.8/67.8h Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)d 2010-2015 2.2i International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 5.8/10.2 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 16 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 0.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 575/10.0 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 3 333.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 754 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) –4.0/1.3 a Market rate. b For more information, refer to the technical notes. c De jure estimate. d Data compiled by the United Nations Demographic Yearbook system. e Data refer to the latest available census. f 2011. g De jure national estimate. h 2006 - 2010. i 2008. World Statistics Pocketbook 81
  • 91. *UHQDGD Region Caribbean Currency E.C. Dollar (XCD) Surface area (square kilometres) 344 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 105 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 304.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) St.George's (41) United Nations membership date 17 September 1974 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 701 784 825 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 12.0 0.4 0.0 GDP per capita (current US$) 6 819.0 7 500.0 7 868.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 6 543.0 7 007.0 7 403.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 46.0 21.2 20.3 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 2.70 2.70 2.70 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –193 –221 –217 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 112 136b ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 77 89 93 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 77 89 93 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 99 110 118 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 72.3 143.9 ... Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 20.5 33.5 ... Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)c (% of exports) (% of imports)c Imports 281.8 United States 31.9 Trinidad and Tobago 25.2 United Kingdom 4.2 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.2 Urban population (%) 2012 39.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 27.1 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 11.1/8.2 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.3 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.7/74.5 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 13.0 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.2 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)d 2006-2010 54.3e International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 12.6/12.1 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 3 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.9f Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 106.1/104.7 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 57.1 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 3.8/19.1 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 13.3 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 43 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 50.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 245/2.3 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 795.0 a Official rate. b Series linked to former series. c 2009. d Age group 15 to 44 years. e 1990. f 2003. 82 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 92. *XDGHORXSH Region Caribbean Currency Euro (EUR) Surface area (square kilometres) 1 705 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 463a Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 271.6 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Basse-Terre (13) Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 0.85 0.75 0.77 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 112 122 125 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 103 89 100 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 103 89 100 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) ... ... 13.7cd Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) ... ... 2.4cd Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 54.5 54.3 54.2 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 67.5 65.3 64.9 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)ef 372g 392 ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent)h 22 47i ... Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %)a 2010-2015 0.5 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1 Urban population (%)a 2012 98.4 Population aged 0-14 years (%)a 2012 21.9 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)a 2012 19.2/16.5 Sex ratio (males per 100 females)a 2012 89.1 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)a 2010-2015 83.6/76.1 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)a 2010-2015 6.7 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)a 2010-2015 2.1 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 29.4j International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 104.9/22.5 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 58 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 39.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 1 737/3.8 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 282.0h Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres)k 1 779 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum)k 22.1/30.5 a Includes Saint-Barthélemy and Saint-Martin (French part). b Market rate. c March to June. d Excludes the institutional population. e Air arrivals. f Excludes Saint-Barthélemy and Saint-Martin (French part). g Data based on a survey conducted at Guadeloupe airport. h UNSD estimate. i 2009. j 1975-1976. k Le Raizet. World Statistics Pocketbook 83
  • 93. *XDP Region Oceania-Micronesia Currency U.S. Dollar (USD) Surface area (square kilometres) 549 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 182 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 331.7 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Hagåtña (169) Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 116 154 ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 97 97 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 97 97 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 48.6 47.5 47.4 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 75.4 73.8 73.5 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 1 228 1 196 1 159 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants)a 38.9 36.4 ... Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 38.6 50.6b ... Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7 Urban population (%) 2012 93.2 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 26.6 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 12.3/10.8 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 103.3 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 78.8/74.1 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 8.1 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.4 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)c 2006-2010 66.6d International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 78.9/43.9 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 37 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 47.0 a Main telephone lines only. b 2009. c Age group 18 to 44 years. d 2002. 84 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 94. *XDWHPDOD Region Central America Currency Quetzal (GTQ) Surface area (square kilometres) 108 889 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 14 757 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 135.5 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Guatemala City (1 168) United Nations membership date 21 November 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 27 211 41 341 46 898 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 3.3 2.9 3.9 GDP per capita (current US$) 2 140.0 2 873.0 3 178.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2 113.0 2 789.0 3 085.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 18.3 14.8 14.6 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 7.61 8.02 7.81 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –1 301 –678 –1 529 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 144 193 205b Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 101 126 126 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 101 128 128 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 22.8cde ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 33.2cde ... ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 44.9 48.8 49.0 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 87.5 88.3 88.3 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)f 1 316 1 876 1 823 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 1 378 925g ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 45.3 136.0 151.4 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 5.7 10.5 11.7 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 10 161.0 United States 41.6 United States 39.2 Imports 16 610.8 El Salvador 11.1 Mexico 11.2 Balance –6 449.8 Honduras 8.0 China 6.9 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.4 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6 Urban population (%) 2012 50.2 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 40.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 6.7/6.2 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 95.1 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 75.1/68.0 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 26.3 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.8 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 43.3h International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)i mid-2010 59.5/0.4 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 159 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.8 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 91.8/96.7 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 50.8 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 10.0/84.5 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 13.3 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 242 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 34.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 15 191/1.1 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 335.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 186 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 14.7/25.0 a Market rate. b Series linked to former series. c 2006. d Age group 10 years and over. e The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. f Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. g 2009. h 2002. i Includes refugees. World Statistics Pocketbook 85
  • 95. *XLQHD Region Western Africa Currency Guinean Franc (GNF) Surface area (square kilometres) 245 857 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 10 222 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 41.6 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Conakry (1 786) United Nations membership date 12 December 1958 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2 935 5 233 5 558 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 3.0 1.9 4.2 GDP per capita (current US$) 325.0 524.0 544.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 319.0 517.0 531.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 27.6 30.0 41.6 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 4 500.00 6 083.95 7 089.53 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –160 –329 –1 215 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 185 439 532 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 101 113 114 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 101 113 114 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 63.7 65.2 65.4 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 78.3 78.3 78.3 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)c 45 30d ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 43 45e ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2.4 40.3 44.2 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 0.5 1.0 1.3 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)f (% of exports)f (% of imports)f Exports 1 430.5 France 24.5 Netherlands 20.6 Imports 1 835.5 Switzerland 19.5 France 10.1 Balance –405.0 Russian Federation 10.6 United Kingdom 7.9 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.9 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.8 Urban population (%) 2012 35.9 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 42.6 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.6/4.7 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 102.2 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 56.4/53.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 84.2 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.0 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 9.1g International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)hi mid-2010 394.6/3.8 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 17 215 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.0 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 62.0/78.1 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 25.8 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)j 2008-2010 9.5/35.3 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 140 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 27.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 1 227/0.1 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 46.0k Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 3 776 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 22.9/29.9 a Market rate. b Conakry. c Air arrivals at Conakry airport. d 2007. e 2009. f 2008. g 2005. h Data refer to foreign citizens. i Includes refugees. j Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. k UNSD estimate. 86 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 96. *XLQHD%LVVDX Region Western Africa Currency CFA Franc (XOF) Surface area (square kilometres) 36 125 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 1 547 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 42.8 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Bissau (423) United Nations membership date 17 September 1974 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 573 817 914 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 4.0 1.6 4.3 GDP per capita (current US$) 419.0 539.0 591.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 410.0 539.0 583.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 6.2 7.2 8.7 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 556.04 490.91 506.96 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –46 –114b ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)cd 104 122 ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 99 132 136 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 132 137 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 66.1 67.8 68.0 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 78.3 78.2 78.2 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)e 5 30f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 7.9 0.3g ... Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 1.9 2.5 2.7 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.6 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9 Urban population (%) 2012 44.6 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 41.0 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.9/5.1 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 98.3 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 50.4/47.3 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 109.8 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.9 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 10.3 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)h mid-2010 19.2/1.2 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 7 891 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.3i Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 42.2/64.5j Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)k 2008-2010 9.0/31.7 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 10.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 59 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 72.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 293/0.2 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 65.0l Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 756m Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 19.7/32.1m a Official rate. b 2009. c Bissau. d Index base 2003=100. e Air arrivals. f 2007. g Main telephone lines only.hIncludesrefugees.i1999.j2000.kEstimatesbased,forthemostpart,oncauseofdeathmodelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. l UNSD estimate. m January to November only. World Statistics Pocketbook 87
  • 97. *XDQD Region South America Currency Guyana Dollar (GYD) Surface area (square kilometres) 214 969 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 756 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 3.5 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Georgetown (127) United Nations membership date 20 September 1966 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 1 315 2 259 2 577 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) –2.0 3.6 4.6 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 763.0 2 994.0 3 408.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 1 751.0 2 626.0 2 971.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 20.3 25.4 21.6 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 200.25 203.50 203.75 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –96 –160 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 128 177c ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 94 106 113 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 94 106 113 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) ... ... 15.1de Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) ... ... 1.4de Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 39.2 41.3 41.8 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 81.7 79.6 79.1 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)f 117 152 157 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 52.5 93.5 88.8 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 18.2g 29.9 32.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 1 048.7 United States 22.8 United States 26.6 Imports 1 683.9 Canada 20.1 Trinidad and Tobago 16.4 Balance –635.2 United Kingdom 8.7 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1 Urban population (%) 2012 28.4 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 31.3 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 8.0/6.0 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.8 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 73.5/67.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 36.8 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.2 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 42.5 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 11.6/1.5 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 8 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.7 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 92.7/86.9 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 69.5 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 7.5/23.5 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 31.3 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 180 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 77.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 1 554/2.1 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 686.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2 263 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 24.0/30.5 a Principal rate. b Georgetown. c Series linked to former series. d March to June. e Excludes the insti- tutional population. f Arrivals at Timehri airport only. g 2008. 88 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 98. +DLWL Region Caribbean Currency Gourde (HTG) Surface area (square kilometres) 27 750 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 10 124 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 364.8 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Port-au-Prince (2 207) United Nations membership date 24 October 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 3 807 6 079 6 732 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 1.8 –5.4 5.6 GDP per capita (current US$) 407.0 608.0 665.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 414.0 609.0 666.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 14.3 13.3 14.6 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 43.00 39.88 40.98 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –361 –1 956 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 252b 375 406 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 102 106 112 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 102 107 113 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 58.2 59.8 60.1 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 69.5 70.5 70.6 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)c 112 255d 349 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 23 18e ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 6.9 40.5 41.5f Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 6.4 8.4 ... Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.7 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –1.7 Urban population (%) 2012 54.8 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 35.1 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 7.2/6.2 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 98.4 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 63.9/61.1 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 58.3 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.2 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 32.0g International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 35.0/0.3 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 6 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.4/8.2 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 4.2 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 146 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 4.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 2 268/0.2 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 74.0 a Principal rate. b Series linked to former series. c Air arrivals. d Includes nationals residing abroad. e 2009. f Mobile cellular subscriptions only. g 2005-2006. World Statistics Pocketbook 89
  • 99. +RQGXUDV Region Central America Currency Lempira (HNL) Surface area (square kilometres) 112 492 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 7 755 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 68.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Tegucigalpa (1 088) United Nations membership date 17 December 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 9 757 15 400 17 447 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 6.1 2.8 3.6 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 418.0 2 026.0 2 250.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 1 352.0 1 947.0 2 125.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 24.9 23.4 25.2 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 18.90 18.90 18.90 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –304 –955 –1 503 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 150 208 222 Industrial production index (2005=100)b 100 104 110 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 102 107 114 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 102 105 110 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)cd 20.9e 19.5 ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)cd 39.2e 36.0 ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 39.6 41.9 42.3 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 83.7 82.9 82.8 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 673 863 871 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 148 240f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 25.8 133.9 111.8 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 6.5 11.1 15.9 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)f (% of exports)f (% of imports)f Exports 2 628.3 United States 47.7 United States 36.0 Imports 5 953.5 El Salvador 7.0 Guatemala 10.6 Balance –3 325.2 Germany 6.5 Mexico 6.6 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.0 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.1 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8 Urban population (%) 2012 52.7 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 35.7 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 6.7/6.1 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.0 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 75.9/71.3 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 23.5 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.0 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 65.2g International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)h mid-2010 24.3/0.3 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 17 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 99.6/93.4 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 53.0 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 9.7/131.7 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 19.5 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 252 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 46.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 7 698/1.0 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 331.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 872 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 16.7/27.9 a Principal rate. b The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. c Age group 10 years and over. d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. e September. f 2009. g 2005-2006. h Includes refugees. 90 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 100. +XQJDU Region Eastern Europe Currency Forint (HUF) Surface area (square kilometres) 93 027 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 9 966 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 107.1 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Budapest (1 737) United Nations membership date 14 December 1955 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 110 322 127 967 138 714 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 4.0 1.3 1.6 GDP per capita (current US$) 10 937.0 12 818.0 13 919.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 10 347.0 12 211.0 13 229.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 22.8 18.3 17.9 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 213.58 208.65 240.68 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –8 238 1 515 2 033 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 133 173 180 Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 108 114 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 96 80 87 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 96 80 87 Unemployment (% of labour force) 7.2 11.2 10.9 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)b 32.4cd 30.7e 30.7e Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)b 5.0cd 4.5e 4.8e Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 42.9 43.8 43.8 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 58.3 58.4 58.4 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 9 979 9 510 10 250 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 7 028 6 879f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 126.3 150.1 146.7 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 39.0 53.0 59.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 111 216.8 Germany 24.8 Germany 23.9 Imports 101 370.0 Romania 6.1 Russian Federation 8.8 Balance 9 846.8 Slovakia 5.9 Austria 6.6 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –1.7 Urban population (%) 2012 69.9 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 14.7 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 27.2/19.2 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 90.5 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 78.5/70.8 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 5.3 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.4 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)g 2006-2010 80.6h International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)i mid-2010 368.1/3.7 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 5 555 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.1 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 99.8/101.3 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.5 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.2/1.6 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 8.8 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 64 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 23.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 48 636/4.9 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2 103.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 516 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 6.3/15.0 a Official rate. b Age group 15 to 74 years. c Excludes conscripts. d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. e European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). f 2009. g Age group 18 to 41 years. h 1992-1993. i Includes refugees. World Statistics Pocketbook 91
  • 101. ,FHODQG Region Northern Europe Currency Icelandic Krona (ISK) Surface area (square kilometres) 103 000 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 324 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 3.2 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Reykjavík (206) United Nations membership date 19 November 1946 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 16 286 12 569 14 026 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 7.2 –4.0 2.6 GDP per capita (current US$) 54 884.0 39 263.0 43 240.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 52 906.0 32 377.0 36 764.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 28.3 12.8 14.0 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 62.98 115.05 122.71 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –2 648 –1 012 –973 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 122 182 190 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 99 109 110 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 109 110 Unemployment (% of labour force)c 2.5 7.6 7.0 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)d 21.7e 17.9f 18.1f Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)d 6.5e 5.5f 5.5f Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 70.8 70.8 70.8 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 80.2 78.2 78.4 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 374 489 566 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 953 1 691g ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 160.7 167.0 164.5 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 87.0 95.0 95.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 5 348.8 Netherlands 32.4 Norway 15.9 Imports 4 845.8 Germany 15.0 United States 10.9 Balance 503.0 United Kingdom 9.0 Germany 7.9 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.6 Urban population (%) 2012 93.8 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 20.7 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 18.4/16.5 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 101.6 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 83.8/80.3 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 2.1 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.1 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 37.2/11.3 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 245 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 7.8 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 104.3/103.2 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 63.5 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 39.7 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 19 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 2 026/6.4 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 7 377.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 798 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 1.9/7.0 a Official rate. b Annual averages are based on the months February-December and January of the following year. c Age group 16 years and over. d Age group 16 to 74 years. e The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. f European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). g 2009. 92 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 102. ,QGLD Region South-central Asia Currency Indian Rupee (INR) Surface area (square kilometres) 3 287 263 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 1 241 492 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 377.7 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) New Delhi (...)a United Nations membership date 30 October 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 837 499 1 678 297 1 897 608 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 9.3 9.6 6.9 GDP per capita (current US$) 735.0 1 370.0 1 528.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 729.0 1 356.0 1 514.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 31.5 32.5 32.3 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 45.07 44.81 53.26 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –10 284 –52 275 –60 038 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)c 122 183 199 Industrial production index (2005=100)de 100 152 158 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 124 131 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 123 129 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 19.0 22.4 ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 55.8 51.1 ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 37.0 29.0 29.0 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 83.3 80.7 80.7 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)f 3 919 5 776 6 309 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 314 739 403 962g ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 12.3 64.3 74.6 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2.4 7.5 10.1 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports)h (% of imports) Exports 301 483.3 United Arab Emirates 12.4 China 12.0 Imports 462 402.8 United States 10.9 United Arab Emirates 7.7 Balance –160 919.5 Switzerland 6.8 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8 Urban population (%) 2012 31.6 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 29.9 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 8.6/7.4 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 106.7 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 67.6/64.4 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 47.9 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.5 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 56.3i International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)j mid-2010 5 436.0/0.5 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 188 637 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.3 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 81.4/85.8 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 40.0 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.5/3.9 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 11.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 935 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 23.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 1 977 805/1.7 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 439.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 716 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 19.0/31.3 a The population of New Delhi was estimated at 249,998 in the year 2011. New Delhi is included in the urban agglomeration of Delhi, the population of which is 22,653,600. b Market rate. c Industrial workers. d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. e Average of 12 months beginning 1 April of the year stated. f Excludes nationals residing abroad. g 2009. h For more information, refer to the technical notes. i 2005-2006. j Includes refugees. World Statistics Pocketbook 93
  • 103. ,QGRQHVLD Region South-eastern Asia Currency Rupiah (IDR) Surface area (square kilometres) 1 910 931 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 242 326 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 126.8 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Jakarta (9 769) United Nations membership date 28 September 1950 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 285 869 708 027 846 834 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 5.7 6.2 6.5 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 258.0 2 952.0 3 495.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 1 196.0 2 869.0 3 395.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 23.6 32.1 32.0 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 9 830.00 8 991.00 9 068.00 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 278 5 144 2 070 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 156 227 239 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 98 120 125 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 98 121 125 Unemployment (% of labour force) 10.8 7.3 6.7 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)b 18.7c 19.3d 20.6d Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)b 44.0c 38.3d 35.9d Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 50.0 51.0 51.2 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 85.3 84.2 84.2 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 5 002 7 003 7 650 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 219 724 293 181e ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 26.6 105.1 113.7 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 3.6 10.9 18.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 203 496.6 Japan 16.6 China 14.8 Imports 177 435.6 China 11.3 Singapore 14.6 Balance 26 061.0 Singapore 9.1 Japan 11.0 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.6 Urban population (%) 2012 51.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 26.4 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 9.3/7.7 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 99.4 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 71.8/68.3 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 24.9 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.1 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 61.4 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)fg mid-2010 122.9/0.1 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 4 239 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.0 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 98.1/97.0 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 46.7 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)h 2008-2010 2.3/13.9 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 18.2 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 1 154 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 52.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 451 412/1.9 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 549.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 655 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 25.0/31.8 a Market rate. b August. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. e 2009. f Data refer to foreign citizens. g Includes refugees. h Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. 94 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 104. ,UDQ ,VODPLF 5HSXEOLF RI
  • 105. Region South-central Asia Currency Iranian Rial (IRR) Surface area (square kilometres) 1 628 750a Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 74 799 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 45.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Tehran (7 304) United Nations membership date 24 October 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 205 586 428 960 521 835 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 5.3 5.9 2.0 GDP per capita (current US$) 2 948.0 5 799.0 6 977.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2 903.0 5 755.0 6 913.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 25.8 26.5 27.2 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 9 091.00 10 353.00 11 165.00 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 193 386 466 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 103 106 114 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 103 106 114 Unemployment (% of labour force)c 10.3d 11.5e ... Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)cf 30.3 32.2d ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)cf 24.7 21.2d ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 19.4 16.1 16.4 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 74.1 71.8 72.5 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)g 1 889 2 938 3 354 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 325 816 361 954e ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 41.4 108.0 112.1 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 8.1 16.0 21.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports)h (% of imports)h Exports 130 544.0 United Arab Emirates 26.6 Imports 68 319.0 Balance 62 225.0 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6 Urban population (%) 2012 69.2 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 22.6 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 7.9/7.8 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 102.8 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 75.3/71.5 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 23.4 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.6 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 73.3i International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)j mid-2010 2 128.7/2.8 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 886 914 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.7 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 92.7/95.4 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 49.5 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.6/2.3 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 3.1 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 108 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 7.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 601 563/8.2 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2 750.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 230 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 11.7/22.5 a Land area. b Official rate. c Age group 10 years and over. d 2008. e 2009. f The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. g Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. h For more information, refer to the technical notes. i 2002. j Includes refugees. World Statistics Pocketbook 95
  • 106. ,UDT Region Western Asia Currency Iraqi Dinar (IQD) Surface area (square kilometres) 435 244 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 32 665 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 75.1 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Baghdad (6 036) United Nations membership date 21 December 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 36 268 110 693 122 750 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 4.4 5.9 8.6 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 326.0 3 495.0 3 758.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 1 353.0 3 312.0 2 484.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 19.1 19.1 15.9 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 1 487.00 1 170.00 1 170.00 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –7 513 26 973b ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 323 660c 697 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 104 104 113 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 104 104 113 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)d 17.8ef 18.2b ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)d 17.0ef 23.4b ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 13.5 14.3 14.5 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 68.5 69.3 69.3 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)g 864b 1 518 ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 96 426 118 318h ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 9.7 78.9 83.6 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 0.9 2.5 5.0 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.1 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.2 Urban population (%) 2012 66.4 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 42.6 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.6/4.0 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.9 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 72.6/67.6 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 33.3 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.5 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 49.8 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)ij mid-2010 83.4/0.3 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 1 752 466 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 72.6/89.2 Education: Female third-level students (% of total)k 2006-2012 36.2 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)l 2008-2010 0.8/3.3 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 25.2 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 61 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 2.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 108 949/3.6 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 065.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 123 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 14.9/30.6 a Principal rate. b 2008. c Series linked to former series. d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. e May. f 2004. g Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. h 2009. i Data refer to foreign citizens. j Includes refugees. k UNESCO estimate. l Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. 96 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 107. ,UHODQG Region Northern Europe Currency Euro (EUR) Surface area (square kilometres) 69 825 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 4 526 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 64.8 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Dublin (1 121) United Nations membership date 14 December 1955 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 202 752 207 255 221 022 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 5.9 –0.8 1.4 GDP per capita (current US$) 48 761.0 46 367.0 48 836.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 42 046.0 38 903.0 39 409.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 26.7 12.0 10.1 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 0.85 0.75 0.77 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –7 150 954 144 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 119 128 131 Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 109 109 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 99 101 104 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 101 104 Unemployment (% of labour force) 4.3 13.6 14.4 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 27.9bc 19.5d 18.9d Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 5.9bc 4.6d 4.6d Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 51.9 52.4 52.6 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 72.5 68.3 68.5 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)e 7 333 7 134fg 7 630 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 1 502 1 356h ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 152.0 151.7 153.6 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 41.6 69.9 76.8 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 129 346.4 United States 23.1 United Kingdom 34.6 Imports 67 075.9 United Kingdom 15.6 United States 12.2 Balance 62 270.5 Belgium 14.5 Germany 7.7 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Urban population (%) 2012 62.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 21.5 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 18.1/16.0 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.3 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 83.2/78.4 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.9 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.1 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)i 2006-2010 64.8j International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 898.6/19.6 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 13 688 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.5 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 114.0/111.7 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 52.4 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.5/2.1 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 15.1 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 33 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 11.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 41 608/9.4 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 3 253.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 733 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 6.3/12.8 a Market rate. b Second quarter. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). e Includes tourists from North Ireland. f Methodology revised. g Data are not strictly comparable with those of previous years. h 2009. i Age group 18 to 49 years. j 2004-2005. World Statistics Pocketbook 97
  • 108. ,VUDHO Region Western Asia Currency Shekel (ILS) Surface area (square kilometres) 22 072 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 7 562 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 342.6 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Jerusalem (791) United Nations membership date 11 May 1949 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 133 968 217 445 242 920 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 4.9 4.8 4.7 GDP per capita (current US$) 20 284.0 29 312.0 32 123.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 20 072.0 28 464.0 31 278.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 16.6 17.8 19.6 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 4.60 3.55 3.82 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 4 101 6 336 194 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 109 124 124b Industrial production index (2005=100)c 100 125 127 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 104 106 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 105 106 Unemployment (% of labour force)de 9.0 6.6 5.6 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)c 21.4 20.4fg ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)c 2.0 1.7g ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 50.0 52.5 52.5 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 60.8 62.4 62.4 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)h 1 903 2 803 2 820 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 1 529 2 511g ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 161.9 168.8 167.9 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 25.2 67.5 70.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports)i Exports 67 796.3 United States 28.7 Imports 73 526.1 China, Hong Kong SAR 7.9 Balance –5 729.8 Belgium 5.6 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9 Urban population (%) 2012 91.9 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 27.4 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 17.0/13.9 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 97.6 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 84.2/79.6 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.4 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.9 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)j 2006-2010 68.0k International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)l mid-2010 2 940.5/40.4 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 47 704 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.9 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 104.0/102.6 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 55.6 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.6/7.2 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 20.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 137 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 7.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 67 161/9.2 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2 918.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 554 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 13.5/21.5 a Market rate. b Series linked to former series. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d Includes the residents of East Jerusalem. e Includes persons who did not work in the country during the previous 12 months. f Excludes mining and quarrying. g 2009. h Excludes nationals residing abroad. i For more information, refer to the technical notes. j Age group 18 to 39 years. k 1987-1988. l Includes refugees. 98 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 109. ,WDO Region Southern Europe Currency Euro (EUR) Surface area (square kilometres) 301 336 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 60 789 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 201.7 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Rome (3 298) United Nations membership date 14 December 1955 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 1 786 275 2 056 941 2 195 938 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 0.9 1.8 0.4 GDP per capita (current US$) 30 446.0 33 970.0 36 124.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 30 454.0 33 810.0 35 849.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 21.1 19.6 19.6 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 0.85 0.75 0.77 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –29 744 –72 015 –71 874 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 112b 123b 127c Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 89 88 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 101 97 94 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 97 95 Unemployment (% of labour force) 7.7 8.4 8.4 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)d 30.8e 28.8 28.5 Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)d 4.2e 3.8 3.7 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 37.7 37.7 37.9 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 61.1 59.6 59.6 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)f 36 513 43 626 46 119 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent)g 21 749 18 655h ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 164.6 185.1 186.5 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 35.0 53.7 56.8 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)g (% of exports)g (% of imports)g Exports 523 256.3 Germany 13.0 Germany 15.5 Imports 558 832.0 France 11.5 France 8.3 Balance –35 575.7 United States 6.1 China 7.4 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.4 Urban population (%) 2012 68.6 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 14.1 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 29.8/24.1 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 96.1 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 84.6/79.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.4 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)i 2006-2010 62.7j International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 4 463.4/7.4 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 72 761 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.7 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 100.2/101.6 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 57.6 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.5/1.6 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 21.6 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 261 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 31.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita)g 2009 400 508/6.6 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent)g 2009 2 637.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 733 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 10.6/20.3 a Market rate. b Excludes tobacco. c Series replacing former series. d European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). e The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. f Excludes seasonal and border workers. g Includes San Marino. h 2009. i Age group 20 to 49 years. j 1995-1996. World Statistics Pocketbook 99
  • 110. -DPDLFD Region Caribbean Currency Jamaican Dollar (JMD) Surface area (square kilometres) 10 991 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 2 751 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 250.3 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Kingston (571) United Nations membership date 18 September 1962 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 11 239 13 458 14 746 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 0.9 –1.4 1.5 GDP per capita (current US$) 4 191.0 4 910.0 5 360.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 3 939.0 4 701.0 5 132.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 26.7 19.7 20.6 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 64.38 85.60 86.37 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –1 071 –934 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 166 296 319 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 96 99 104 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 96 99 104 Unemployment (% of labour force)b 11.3 12.4 ... Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)b 17.7c 15.9de 16.1de Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)b 18.1c 20.2de 17.6de Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 57.5 56.0 56.0 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 76.2 72.0 71.8 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)fg 1 479 1 922 1 952 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 17 14h ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 85.8 125.7 118.0 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 12.8 27.7 31.5 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)i (% of exports)i (% of imports)i Exports 1 327.6 United States 49.6 United States 35.9 Imports 5 225.2 Canada 12.3 Venezuela 14.0 Balance –3 897.6 United Kingdom 6.3 Trinidad and Tobago 13.8 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2 Urban population (%) 2012 52.1 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 28.0 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 11.5/10.4 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 96.9 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 76.0/70.9 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 22.0 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.3 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 69.0j International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 30.0/1.1 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 20 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.1 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 90.1/91.1 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 68.9 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 10.3/95.2 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 12.7 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 287 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 31.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 8 566/3.2 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 984.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 813 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 22.9/31.4 a Market rate. b Age group 14 years and over. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. d Average of quarterly estimates. e The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. f Includes nationals residing abroad. g Air arrivals of non-resident tourists. h 2009. i 2010. j 2002-2003. 100 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 111. -DSDQ Region Eastern Asia Currency Yen (JPY) Surface area (square kilometres) 377 930 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 126 497 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 334.7 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Tokyo (37 217) United Nations membership date 18 December 1956 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 4 571 867 5 488 425 5 870 357 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 1.3 4.4 –0.7 GDP per capita (current US$) 36 172.0 43 374.0 46 407.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 37 013.0 44 478.0 48 084.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 22.3 20.1 20.7 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 117.97 81.45 77.72 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 165 780 203 920 119 060 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 98b 97 97b Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 95 92 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 101 94 93 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 101 94 93 Unemployment (% of labour force) 4.4 5.1 4.5 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)cd 27.9 25.3 ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)cd 4.4 3.7 ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 48.4 49.5 49.4 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 73.4 72.0 71.7 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)ef 6 728 8 611 6 219 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 38 138 36 399g ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 122.3 149.3 153.7 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 66.9 78.2 79.5 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 823 183.8 China 19.7 China 21.5 Imports 855 380.5 United States 15.5 United States 8.9 Balance –32 196.7 Republic of Korea 8.0 Australia 6.6 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –7.6 Urban population (%) 2012 91.9 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 13.2 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 34.3/28.7 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 94.9 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 87.1/80.1 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 2.6 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.4 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)h 2006-2010 54.3i International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)j mid-2010 2 176.2/1.7 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 7 581 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.8 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 102.6/102.5 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 45.9 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 / Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 10.8 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 345 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 69.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 1 100 233/8.7 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 3 003.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 529 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 12.9/20.0 a Market rate. b Series linked to former series. c Average of monthly estimates. d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. e Excludes nationals residing abroad. f Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. g 2009. h Age group 20 to 49 years. i 2005. j Data refer to foreign citizens. World Statistics Pocketbook 101
  • 112. -RUGDQ Region Western Asia Currency Jordanian Dinar (JOD) Surface area (square kilometres) 89 328 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 6 330 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 70.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Amman (1 179) United Nations membership date 14 December 1955 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 12 589 26 425 28 840 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 8.1 2.3 2.6 GDP per capita (current US$) 2 357.0 4 271.0 4 556.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2 420.0 4 309.0 4 597.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 30.6 23.8 24.9 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 0.71 0.71 0.71 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –2 272 –1 882 –2 885 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 113 149 156 Industrial production index (2005=100)b 100 105 105 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 98 129 134 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 97 129 134 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 20.7b 18.7 18.1 Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 3.4b 2.0 1.7 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 12.1 15.3 15.6 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 66.9 65.4 65.9 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)c 2 987 4 557 3 975 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 205 186d ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 70.5 114.8 125.6 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 12.9 27.2 34.9 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 7 963.5 Iraq 15.2 Saudi Arabia 22.8 Imports 18 301.1 United States 13.1 China 10.0 Balance –10 337.6 India 10.9 United States 5.9 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.2 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5 Urban population (%) 2012 83.0 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 36.1 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.9/5.8 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 105.8 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 75.2/72.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 19.1 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.9 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 59.3 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)ef mid-2010 2 973.0/45.9 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 455 986g Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.9h Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 90.7/88.5 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 52.1 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 2.6/11.4 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 10.8 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 93 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 1.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 22 530/3.7 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 280.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 269 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 11.3/23.5 a Official rate. b The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. c Includes nationals residing abroad. d 2009. e Data refer to foreign citizens. f Includes refugees. g Refugee figure for Iraqis in Jordan is a Government estimate. UNHCR has registered and is assisting 32,200 Iraqis. h 1999. 102 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 113. .D]DNKVWDQ Region South-central Asia Currency Tenge (KZT) Surface area (square kilometres) 2 724 900 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 16 207 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 6.0 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Astana (664) United Nations membership date 2 March 1992 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 57 124 148 047 186 427 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 9.7 7.3 7.5 GDP per capita (current US$) 3 765.0 9 238.0 11 503.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 3 411.0 8 095.0 10 081.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 28.0 24.3 20.9 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 133.98 147.50 148.40 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –1 056 2 409 14 110 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 140 198b ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 107 140 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 108 143 Unemployment (% of labour force) 8.1 5.8 5.4 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)c 18.0 18.7 19.0 Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)c 32.4 28.3 26.5 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 64.4 66.4 66.6 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 75.0 76.8 77.2 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 3 143 3 393 ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 124 792 157 318d ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 53.4 146.4 168.7 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 3.0 31.6 45.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 88 107.9 China 18.5 Russian Federation 42.8 Imports 38 010.2 Italy 17.1 China 13.2 Balance 50 097.7 Russian Federation 8.5 Germany 5.5 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3 Urban population (%) 2012 53.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 25.3 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 12.7/7.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 92.5 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 72.8/62.3 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 23.7 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.5 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 50.7 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 3 079.5/19.6 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 11 705 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.1 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 103.9/105.7 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 58.5 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 8.4/26.9 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 24.3 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 78 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 1.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 225 618/14.3 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 4 398.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 318 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) –4.0/7.6 a Official rate. b 2008. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d 2009. World Statistics Pocketbook 103
  • 114. .HQD Region Eastern Africa Currency Kenyan Shilling (KES) Surface area (square kilometres) 581 313 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 41 610 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 71.6 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Nairobi (3 363) United Nations membership date 16 December 1963 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 18 739 32 181 34 059 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 5.9 5.8 4.4 GDP per capita (current US$) 526.0 794.0 819.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 523.0 791.0 816.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 18.7 20.3 20.1 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 72.37 80.75 85.07 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –252 –2 369 –3 333 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 149c 134de 152e Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 101 125 122 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 101 126 123 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 6.7fg ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 61.1fg ... ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 60.0 61.2 61.5 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 69.9 71.5 71.8 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 1 399 1 470 ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 347 297h ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 13.8 62.6 65.5 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 3.1 14.0 28.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)i (% of exports)i (% of imports)i Exports 5 169.1 Uganda 12.7 China 12.6 Imports 12 092.9 United Kingdom 9.8 United Arab Emirates 12.1 Balance –6 923.8 United Rep. Tanzania 8.1 India 10.8 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.7 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.4 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1 Urban population (%) 2012 24.4 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 42.4 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 4.6/3.9 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 99.8 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 59.2/56.7 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 58.1 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.6 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 45.5 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)j mid-2010 817.8/2.0 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 921 827 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.7 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 86.9/91.1 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 41.2 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)k 2008-2010 3.3/37.0 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 9.8 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 346 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 6.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 12 340/0.3 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 90.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 024 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 12.0/23.4 a Official rate. b Nairobi. c Low income group. d Series linked to former series. e Index base 2007=100. f Household income and expenditure survey. g The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. h 2009. i 2010. j Includes refugees. k Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. 104 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 115. .LULEDWL Region Oceania-Micronesia Currency Australian Dollar (AUD) Surface area (square kilometres) 726a Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 101 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 139.2 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Bairiki (...)b United Nations membership date 14 September 1999 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 106 146 182 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 0.0 –0.4 3.0 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 148.0 1 468.0 1 803.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 1 383.0 1 739.0 2 155.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 47.2 42.7 42.2 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)c 1.36 0.98 0.98 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)d 110 125e ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 95 117 116 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 95 117 116 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)fg 4 5 5 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 5.3 19.1 22.0 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 4.0 9.1 10.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports)h (% of imports) Exports 8.6 Australia 36.1 Imports 91.7 Singapore 17.8 Balance –83.1 Fiji 13.4 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.8 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3 Urban population (%) 2012 44.0 Population aged 0-14 years (%)i 2012 34.5 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)i 2012 6.6/4.8 Sex ratio (males per 100 females)i 2012 98.6j Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)k 2010-2015 63.1/58.9l Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)i 2010-2015 52.0m Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)i 2010-2015 3.5n International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 2.0/2.0 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)o 2006-2012 11.6p Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 104.0/97.3 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 8.7 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 92 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 15.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 51/0.6 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 185.0q a Land area only. Excludes 84 square km of uninhabited islands. b Population estimates for Bairiki are not available. Bairiki is located on the island of Tarawa; the estimated population of South Tarawa is 44,385. c Official rate. d Tarawa. e 2008. f Air arrivals. g Tarawa and Christmas Island. h For more information, refer to the technical notes. i Data compiled by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community Demography Programme. j 2011. k Data compiled by the United Nations Demographic Yearbook system. l 2005. m 2003. n 2004-2005. o UNESCO estimate. p 2002. q UNSD estimate. World Statistics Pocketbook 105
  • 116. .XZDLW Region Western Asia Currency Kuwaiti Dinar (KWD) Surface area (square kilometres) 17 818 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 2 818 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 158.2 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Kuwait City (2 406) United Nations membership date 14 May 1963 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 80 798 124 331 160 916 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 10.6 7.9 8.2 GDP per capita (current US$) 35 688.0 45 430.0 57 102.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 39 600.0 48 290.0 61 039.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 14.6 19.0 15.6 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 0.29 0.28 0.28 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 30 071 36 822 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 109 141 148 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 97 134 137 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 97 135 138 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 20.6bc ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2.7bc ... ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 44.7 43.3 43.4 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 81.7 82.2 82.3 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)d 3 474 5 208 5 574 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 146 560 129 448e ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 122.9 181.5 ... Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 25.9 61.4 74.2 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)e (% of exports)ef (% of imports) Exports 51 936.6 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7 Urban population (%) 2012 98.3 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 26.6 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 3.8/4.2 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 147.5 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 75.9/74.0 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 7.6 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.3 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 52.0g International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)hi mid-2010 2 097.5/68.8 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 94 453 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)j 2006-2012 3.8 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 105.7/100.5 Education: Female third-level students (% of total)j 2006-2012 64.3k Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.6/1.6 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 6.3 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 42 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 80 139/30.3 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 12 169.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 116 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 19.9/34.3 a Official rate. b Population census. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d Arrivals of non- resident visitors at national borders. e 2009. f For more information, refer to the technical notes. g 1999. h Data refer to foreign citizens. i Includes refugees. j UNESCO estimate. k 2004. 106 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 117. .UJ]VWDQ Region South-central Asia Currency Som (KGS) Surface area (square kilometres) 199 951 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 5 393 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 27.0 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Bishkek (839) United Nations membership date 2 March 1992 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2 460 4 794 5 919 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) –0.2 –0.5 5.7 GDP per capita (current US$) 488.0 899.0 1 098.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 472.0 835.0 1 063.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 16.2 28.1 24.4 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 41.30 47.10 46.48 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –62 –467 –253 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 122 ... ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 98 104 108 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 98 106 109 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)bc 17.6 20.6d ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)bc 38.5 34.0d ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 54.1 55.2 55.5 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 75.9 78.2 78.6 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 319 1 316 3 114 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 1 423 1 116e ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 19.5 108.1 113.7 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 10.5 18.4 20.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 1 978.9 Switzerland 44.1 Russian Federation 33.6 Imports 4 260.7 Kazakhstan 14.6 China 21.7 Balance –2 281.8 Russian Federation 14.4 Kazakhstan 9.6 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9 Urban population (%) 2012 35.4 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 29.9 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 7.5/5.4 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 97.3 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 72.4/64.3 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 32.8 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.6 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 47.8f International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 222.7/4.0 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 210 803g Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.8 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)h 2006-2012 92.1/92.8 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 55.3 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 2.9/11.3 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 23.3 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 40 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 5.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 6 716/1.3 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 552.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 442 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 4.8/17.0 a Official rate. b November. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d 2008. e 2009. f 2005-2006. g Includes 160,500 people who are in an internally displaced person-like situation. h National estimate. World Statistics Pocketbook 107
  • 118. /DR 3HRSOH V 'HPRFUDWLF 5HSXEOLF Region South-eastern Asia Currency Kip (LAK) Surface area (square kilometres) 236 800 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 6 288 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 26.6 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Vientiane (810) United Nations membership date 14 December 1955 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2 717 6 744 8 196 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 6.8 8.1 8.0 GDP per capita (current US$) 472.0 1 088.0 1 303.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 461.0 1 040.0 1 247.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 34.3 30.8 33.0 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 10 743.00 8 058.78 8 023.24 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –174 29 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 163b 208 223b Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 131 140 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 131 141 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 77.8 76.6 76.5 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 80.2 79.4 79.5 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 672 1 670 1 786 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 615 721cd ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 13.0 66.2 88.9 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 0.9 7.0 9.0 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.4 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.4 Urban population (%) 2012 35.4 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 32.9 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 6.7/5.5 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 99.8 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 69.4/66.4 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 36.8 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.5 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 38.0e International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)fg mid-2010 18.9/0.3 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 0h Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.3 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 74.0/81.7 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 41.8 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)i 2008-2010 3.0/6.3 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 25.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 195 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 68.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 1 810/0.3 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 109.0d Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 661 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 21.8/31.1 a Market rate. b Series linked to former series. c 2009. d UNSD estimate. e 2005. f Data refer to foreign citizens. g Includes refugees. h Value is zero, not available or not applicable. i Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. 108 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 119. /DWYLD Region Northern Europe Currency Lats (LVL) Surface area (square kilometres) 64 562 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 2 243 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 34.7 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Riga (701) United Nations membership date 17 September 1991 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 15 938 24 099 28 480 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 10.1 –0.9 5.5 GDP per capita (current US$) 6 913.0 10 701.0 12 697.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 6 825.0 10 914.0 12 764.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 31.0 18.2 21.3 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 0.59 0.54 0.54 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –1 992 724 –685 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 122 169 176 Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 98 107 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 105 109 109 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 105 109 109 Unemployment (% of labour force) 8.9 18.7 15.4 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)b 25.8cd 24.0e 23.3e Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)b 12.1cd 8.8e 9.5e Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 50.8 54.7 55.2 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 66.1 66.3 67.2 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)f 1 116 1 373 1 493 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 294 356g ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 112.9 126.0 126.0 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 46.0 68.4 71.7 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 11 988.2 Lithuania 18.1 Lithuania 18.8 Imports 15 430.8 Estonia 13.6 Germany 12.1 Balance –3 442.6 Russian Federation 10.6 Russian Federation 8.5 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.4 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.4 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.4 Urban population (%) 2012 67.7 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 14.2 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 28.0/17.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 85.3 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 78.5/68.8 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 6.7 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)h 2006-2010 67.8i International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 335.0/15.0 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 312 688 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.6 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 96.7/98.3 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 62.8 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 4.9/12.3 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 23.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 25 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 54.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 6 647/2.9 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 327.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 633 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 2.3/9.9 a Official rate. b Age group 15 to 74 years. c Excludes conscripts. d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. e European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). f Non-resident departures. g 2009. h Age group 18 to 49 years. i 1995. World Statistics Pocketbook 109
  • 120. /HEDQRQ Region Western Asia Currency Lebanese Pound (LBP) Surface area (square kilometres) 10 452 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 4 259 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 407.5 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Beirut (2 022) United Nations membership date 24 October 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 21 861 37 124 39 039 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 0.7 7.0 1.5 GDP per capita (current US$) 5 394.0 8 781.0 9 165.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 5 523.0 8 751.0 8 738.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 22.1 34.2 31.6 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 1 507.50 1 507.50 1 507.50 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –2 748 –7 462 –4 163 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 105 105c 111cd Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 97 92 96 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 97 92 95 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 21.1 22.5 22.6 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 70.3 70.8 70.8 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)e 1 140 2 168 1 655 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 90 53f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 40.2 89.0 99.8 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 10.1 43.7 52.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 4 266.9 South Africa 15.8 United States 9.9 Imports 20 162.6 Switzerland 12.1 Italy 9.3 Balance –15 895.7 United Arab Emirates 7.6 China 8.1 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.2 Urban population (%) 2012 87.4 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 23.7 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 11.4/10.1 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 95.4 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 75.1/70.7 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 20.2 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.8 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 58.0g International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)h mid-2010 758.2/17.8 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 15 566 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 1.6 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 96.5/93.3 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 52.8 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)i 2008-2010 0.5/2.9 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 3.1 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 58 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 13.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 20 951/5.0 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 496.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 826 a Market rate. b Beirut. c Index base 2008=100. d 11 months' average. e Excludes Syrian nationals, Palestinians and students. f 2009. g 2004. h Includes refugees. i Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. 110 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 121. /HVRWKR Region Southern Africa Currency Loti (LSL) Surface area (square kilometres) 30 355 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 2 194 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 72.3 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Maseru (239) United Nations membership date 17 October 1966 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 1 368 2 179 2 443 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2.7 5.6 4.2 GDP per capita (current US$) 662.0 1 004.0 1 114.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 902.0 1 249.0 1 447.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 21.1 28.5 36.4 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 6.33 6.63 8.14 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –17 –421 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 140 198b 208 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 102 110 107 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 102 111 107 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 61.6 58.7 58.9 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 75.3 73.3 73.4 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 347c 414 397 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 30 17d ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 14.4 47.3 49.5 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2.6 3.9 4.2 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)d (% of exports)d (% of imports)d Exports 628.1 South Africa 48.9 South Africa 95.2 Imports 1 356.1 United States 31.8 Japan 2.5 Balance –728.0 Canada 15.1 Germany 1.1 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.6 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 Urban population (%) 2012 28.3 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 36.6 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 7.5/5.1 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 97.4 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 48.1/49.7 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 62.1 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.1 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 47.0 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)ef mid-2010 6.3/0.3 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 37 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 13.0 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 82.1/77.4 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 55.2 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)g 2008-2010 9.9/36.6 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 25.8 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 16 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 1.0 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 8.0 a Principal rate. b Series linked to former series. c 2006. d 2009. e Data refer to foreign citizens. f Includes refugees. g Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. World Statistics Pocketbook 111
  • 122. /LEHULD Region Western Africa Currency Liberian Dollar (LRD) Surface area (square kilometres) 111 369 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 4 129 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 37.1 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Monrovia (750) United Nations membership date 2 November 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 608 1 074 1 147 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 5.3 7.3 8.2 GDP per capita (current US$) 191.0 269.0 278.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 150.0 219.0 219.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 16.4 19.5 19.3 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 56.50 71.50 72.50 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –208 –737 ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 105 101 103 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 104 121 123 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2.5bcd 9.2 ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 47.6bcd 48.9 ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 58.3 57.8 57.9 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 62.4 64.0 64.4 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 5.0e 39.5 49.3 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) ... 2.3 3.0 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.6 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.4 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9 Urban population (%) 2012 48.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 43.5 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 4.8/3.9 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 101.2 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 58.6/56.4 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 76.9 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.0 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 11.4 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 96.3/2.4 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 132 485 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.8 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 72.2/81.6 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 35.3f Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)g 2008-2010 3.3/16.9 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 11.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 149 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 45.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 524/0.2 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 41.0 a Principal rate. b 2007. c Core Welfare Indicators Questionnaire (World Bank). d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. e Mobile cellular subscriptions only. f 2000. g Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. 112 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 123. /LED Region Northern Africa Currency Libyan Dinar (LYD) Surface area (square kilometres) 1 759 540 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 6 423 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 3.7 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Tripoli (1 127) United Nations membership date 14 December 1955 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 45 451 71 654 31 373 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 10.3 4.2 –61.3 GDP per capita (current US$) 7 878.0 11 275.0 4 885.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 7 827.0 11 207.0 4 855.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 8.6 9.2 13.6 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 1.35 1.25 1.26 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 14 945 16 801 ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 101 110 110 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 101 110 111 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 30.2 30.4 30.1 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 75.3 76.9 76.8 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)b 81 34c ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 94 019 87 287d ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 49.4 190.9 171.3 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 3.9 14.0 17.0 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 – Urban population (%) 2012 77.9 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 30.9 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 7.0/6.8 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 99.6 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.9/72.7 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 13.3 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.4 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 45.2e International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)f mid-2010 682.5/10.4 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 713 587 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.7g Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 115.6/109.0 Education: Female third-level students (% of total)h 2006-2012 51.4i Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)j 2008-2010 0.5/5.2 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 48 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 62 823/10.0 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2 920.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 334 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 15.6/25.4 a Official rate. b Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments. c 2008. d 2009. e 1995. f Data refer to foreign citizens. g 1999. h UNESCO estimate. i 2003. j Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. World Statistics Pocketbook 113
  • 124. /LHFKWHQVWHLQ Region Western Europe Currency Swiss Franc (CHF) Surface area (square kilometres) 160 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 36 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 226.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Vaduz (5) United Nations membership date 18 September 1990 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 3 658 5 155 6 185 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 4.8 8.8 1.9 GDP per capita (current US$) 105 440.0 143 063.0 170 373.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 90 094.0 120 345.0 138 751.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 21.4 20.0 20.4 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 1.31 0.95 0.94 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 101 99 99 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 101 99 99 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)b 50 50 53 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 136.9 152.9 155.8 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 63.4 80.0 85.0 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8 Urban population (%) 2012 14.4 Population aged 0-14 years (%)cde 2012 16.0f Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)cde 2012 21.3/18.9f Sex ratio (males per 100 females)dg 2012 97.9 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)d 2010-2015 1.7h International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)i mid-2010 12.5/34.6 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 153 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.1 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)j 2006-2012 82.6/83.8 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 37.2 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 24.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 4 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 43.0 a UN operational exchange rate. b Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments. c De jure estimate. d Data compiled by the United Nations Demographic Yearbook system. e Data refer to the latest available census. f 2011. g De jure national estimate. h 2009. i Data refer to foreign citizens. j National estimate. 114 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 125. /LWKXDQLD Region Northern Europe Currency Litas (LTL) Surface area (square kilometres) 65 300 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 3 307 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 50.7 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Vilnius (546) United Nations membership date 17 September 1991 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 26 100 36 574 42 872 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 7.8 1.5 5.9 GDP per capita (current US$) 7 641.0 11 004.0 12 962.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 7 525.0 10 785.0 12 482.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 22.9 16.4 17.8 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 2.91 2.61 2.67 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –1 831 534 –619 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 104b 134 140 Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 105 113 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 106 99 108 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 106 99 108 Unemployment (% of labour force) 8.3 17.8 15.4 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 29.1cd 24.4e 24.4e Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 14.0cd 9.0e 8.5e Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 51.1 53.9 54.1 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 63.1 63.4 63.9 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2 000 1 507 1 775 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 1 252 1 331f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 150.9 169.2 173.2 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 36.2 62.1 65.1 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 28 068.6 Russian Federation 16.6 Russian Federation 32.0 Imports 31 801.3 Latvia 9.8 Germany 9.6 Balance –3 732.7 Germany 9.2 Poland 8.6 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.4 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.3 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.8 Urban population (%) 2012 67.2 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 14.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 25.6/16.3 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 86.7 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 78.3/67.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 5.9 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)g 2006-2010 50.7h International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 128.9/4.0 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 4 378 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.7 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 97.1/98.8 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 59.4 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 3.6/12.1 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 19.1 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 23 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 34.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 12 828/3.9 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 776.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 683 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 2.4/10.1 a Official rate. b Series linked to former series. c Excludes conscripts. d The indices are shown in terms ofISICRev.3.eEuropeanLabourForceSurvey(Eurostat).f2009.gAgegroup18to49years.h1994-1995. World Statistics Pocketbook 115
  • 126. /X[HPERXUJ Region Western Europe Currency Euro (EUR) Surface area (square kilometres) 2 586 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 516 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 199.5 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Luxembourg (94) United Nations membership date 24 October 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 37 659 53 330 59 528 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 5.4 2.7 1.6 GDP per capita (current US$) 82 370.0 105 095.0 115 377.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 70 740.0 74 733.0 82 045.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 22.0 18.0 19.3 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 0.85 0.75 0.77 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 4 406 4 122 4 185 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 112b 125 129 Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 89 87 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 99 93 92 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 93 92 Unemployment (% of labour force) 4.5 4.4 4.9 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)c 17.2de 12.0 12.7 Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)c 1.8e 1.0 1.2 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 45.5 48.9 49.2 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 64.7 65.4 65.2 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)f 913 793 871 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 83 119g ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 165.0 197.0 202.4 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 70.0 90.6 90.9 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 16 512.7 Germany 27.3 Belgium 24.9 Imports 26 023.3 France 15.8 Germany 24.1 Balance –9 510.6 Belgium 12.2 France 12.5 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.2 Urban population (%) 2012 85.7 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 17.5 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 20.9/17.4 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 99.2 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 82.7/77.6 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 2.3 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.7 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 173.2/35.2 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 4 726 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.7h Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 100.3/98.2 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 51.9 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.8/2.0 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 25.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 9 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 33.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 10 135/20.4 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 8 091.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 876 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 4.7/12.3 a Market rate. b Series linked to former series. c European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). d Excludes mining and quarrying. e The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. f Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments. g 2009. h 2001. 116 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 127. 0DGDJDVFDU Region Eastern Africa Currency Malagasy Ariary (MGA)a Surface area (square kilometres) 587 295 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 21 315 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 36.3 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Antananarivo (1 987) United Nations membership date 20 September 1960 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 5 039 8 733 9 844 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 4.6 0.4 1.6 GDP per capita (current US$) 282.0 422.0 462.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 267.0 417.0 457.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 22.2 18.8 14.5 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 2 159.82 2 146.12 2 247.48 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –626 ... ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 153 263 288 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 103 124 128 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 103 124 129 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 3.7cd ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 80.4d ... ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 84.1 83.5 83.4 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 89.2 88.7 88.7 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)e 277 196 225 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 56 64f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 3.4 37.9 38.9 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 0.6 1.7 1.9 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 1 471.5 France 36.0 United Arab Emirates 16.8 Imports 2 957.1 Singapore 6.9 China 13.8 Balance –1 485.6 Germany 6.3 France 6.8 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.8 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.7 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9 Urban population (%) 2012 33.2 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 42.4 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.1/4.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 99.4 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 68.6/65.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 41.0 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.5 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 39.9 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)g mid-2010 37.8/0.2 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 11 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.8 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)h 2006-2012 86.4/89.1 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 48.2 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)i 2008-2010 3.1/13.1 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 17.5 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 856 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 22.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 1 821/0.1 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 31.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 365 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 13.8/24.0 a Beginning 1 January 2005, the Malagasy Ariary replaced the Malagasy Franc, at a rate of 1 Ariary=5 Francs. b Official rate. c Excludes mining and quarrying. d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. e Air arrivals of non-resident tourists. f 2009. g Data refer to foreign citizens. h UNESCO estimate. i Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. World Statistics Pocketbook 117
  • 128. 0DODZL Region Eastern Africa Currency Kwacha (MWK) Surface area (square kilometres) 118 484 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 15 381 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 129.8 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Lilongwe (772) United Nations membership date 1 December 1964 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2 755 5 327 5 966 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 3.3 6.7 4.5 GDP per capita (current US$) 215.0 357.0 388.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 211.0 353.0 383.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 20.2 22.3 11.3 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 123.78 150.80 163.75 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –507 –905 –765 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 199 309 333 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 85 155 162 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 85 157 164 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 79.2 85.0 84.8 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 86.3 81.2 81.3 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)b 438 746 767 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 145 167cd ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 4.1 21.9 26.2 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 0.4 2.3 3.3 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 1 425.3 Canada 8.8 South Africa 25.0 Imports 2 427.7 Zimbabwe 8.6 India 11.5 Balance –1 002.4 South Africa 8.2 China 9.3 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.2 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.1 Urban population (%) 2012 15.8 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 45.9 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.4/4.4 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.4 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 55.2/54.9 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 86.1 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 6.0 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 41.0 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)e mid-2010 275.9/1.8 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 16 853 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.7 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 92.7/91.2 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 39.2 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)f 2008-2010 8.7/63.3 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 22.3 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 163 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 34.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 1 059/0.1 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 30.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres)g 1 289 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum)g 12.2/24.1 a Official rate. b Departures. c 2009. d UNSD estimate. e Includes refugees. f Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. g Mzuzu. 118 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 129. 0DODVLD Region South-eastern Asia Currency Ringgit (MYR) Surface area (square kilometres) 330 803 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 28 859a Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 87.2 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Kuala Lumpur (1 556)b United Nations membership date 17 September 1957 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 143 534 246 823 287 934 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 5.3 7.2 5.1 GDP per capita (current US$) 5 499.0 8 691.0 9 977.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 5 257.0 8 401.0 9 728.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 22.3 22.3 22.1 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)c 3.78 3.08 3.18 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 19 980 27 291 32 025 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 109d 124 128d Industrial production index (2005=100)e 100 107 108 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 112 120 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 117 125 Unemployment (% of labour force) 3.3f 3.3 3.1 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)eg 29.7 27.6 ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)eg 14.6 13.3 ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 44.1 43.7 43.8 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 79.3 77.1 76.9 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)h 16 431 24 577 24 714 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 96 488 91 705ij ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 91.6 135.3 141.7 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 48.6 56.3 61.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 226 992.7 China 13.1 China 13.2 Imports 187 573.0 Singapore 12.7 Singapore 12.8 Balance 39 419.7 Japan 11.5 Japan 11.4 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %)a 2010-2015 1.6 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –1.0 Urban population (%)a 2012 73.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%)a 2012 29.5 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)a 2012 8.5/8.1 Sex ratio (males per 100 females)a 2012 102.8 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)a 2010-2015 76.9/72.5 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)a 2010-2015 6.9 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)a 2010-2015 2.6 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 54.5k International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)l mid-2010 2 357.6/8.5 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 217 618 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.3 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 84.5/81.3 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 55.6 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.0/3.3 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 10.4 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 1 196 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 62.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 198 186/7.1 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2 477.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2 427 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 23.2/32.4 a Includes Sabah and Sarawak. b Kuala Lumpur is the financial capital, Putrajaya is the administrative capital. c Official rate. d Series linked to former series. e The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. f 2006. g Age group 15 to 64 years. h Includes residents of Singapore crossing the frontier by road through Johore Causeway. i 2009. j UNSD estimate. k 1994. l Includes refugees. World Statistics Pocketbook 119
  • 130. 0DOGLYHV Region South-central Asia Currency Rufiyaa (MVR) Surface area (square kilometres) 300 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 320 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 1 066.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Male (132) United Nations membership date 21 September 1965 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 992 2 076 2 050 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) –8.7 5.7 7.5 GDP per capita (current US$) 3 362.0 6 570.0 6 405.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 3 200.0 6 236.0 6 076.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 61.1 56.7 57.5 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 12.80 12.80 15.41 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –273 –463 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 107c 146 163 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 89 83 87 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 89 83 87 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 24.3defg ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 11.5defg ... ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 50.2 55.1 55.7 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 74.6 76.4 76.8 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)h 395 792 931 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 79.9 165.5 173.2 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 6.9 28.3 34.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 83.3 Thailand 20.3 United Arab Emirates 21.8 Imports 1 411.7 France 17.6 Singapore 21.6 Balance –1 328.4 Sri Lanka 11.8 India 10.1 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.9 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.7 Urban population (%) 2012 42.3 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 25.1 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 6.7/7.3 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 101.4 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 78.7/76.0 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 8.1 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.7 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 34.7 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)i mid-2010 3.3/1.0 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 7.8 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)j 2006-2012 103.2/101.4k Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 69.9k Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.0/1.1 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 6.5 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 62 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 3.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 1 026/3.3 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 092.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 901 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 25.8/30.6 aMarketrate.bMale.cSerieslinkedtoformerseries.dPopulationcensus.e2006.fExcludesconscripts. g The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. h Air arrivals. i Estimates. j UNESCO estimate. k 2004. 120 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 131. 0DOL Region Western Africa Currency CFA Franc (XOF) Surface area (square kilometres) 1 240 192 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 15 840 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 12.8 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Bamako (2 037) United Nations membership date 28 September 1960 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 5 486 9 400 10 623 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 6.1 5.8 2.7 GDP per capita (current US$) 416.0 612.0 671.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 400.0 589.0 646.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 15.4 21.2 22.2 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 556.04 490.91 506.96 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –438 –1 190 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 112 131c 135 Industrial production index (2005=100)d 100 74 82 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 103 141 143 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 103 152 150 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 16.5de ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 41.5de ... ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 36.4 36.8 36.8 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 68.0 69.7 70.0 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)f 143g 169 160 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent)h 22 25i ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 6.4 49.2 69.0 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 0.5 1.9 2.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)j (% of exports)j (% of imports)j Exports 1 996.3 South Africa 57.1 Senegal 13.6 Imports 4 703.5 Switzerland 12.1 France 13.4 Balance –2 707.2 Italy 6.0 Benin 9.9 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.8 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9 Urban population (%) 2012 35.6 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 47.2 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 4.1/2.9 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.1 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 53.1/50.9 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 92.2 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 6.1 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 8.2 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)k mid-2010 162.7/1.2 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 18 121 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.8 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 56.9/68.6 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 31.0 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)l 2008-2010 1.4/14.7 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 10.2 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 35 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 10.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 612/0.0 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 15.0h Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 991 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 21.3/35.0 a Official rate. b Bamako. c Series linked to former series. d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. e 2004. f Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments. g Air arivals. h UNSD estimate. i 2009. j 2010. k Includes refugees. l Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. World Statistics Pocketbook 121
  • 132. 0DOWD Region Southern Europe Currency Euro (EUR)a Surface area (square kilometres) 316 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 418 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 1 322.3 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Valletta (198) United Nations membership date 1 December 1964 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 5 981 8 110 8 887 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 3.7 2.3 2.1 GDP per capita (current US$) 14 613.0 19 471.0 21 269.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 13 952.0 17 861.0 19 405.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 22.0 17.4 14.6 Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 0.36bc 0.75d 0.77d Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –524 –487 –116 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 113 127e 130 Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 102 104 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 97 96 95 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 97 96 95 Unemployment (% of labour force) 7.3 6.9 6.5 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)f 29.5gh 24.5 24.4 Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)f 1.7h 1.2 1.1 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 30.3 35.0 35.2 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 68.7 67.8 67.4 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)i 1 171 1 336 1 412 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 128.5 168.1 179.8 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 41.2 63.0 69.2 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports)j (% of imports) Exports 5 278.7 Italy 27.1 Imports 7 395.9 France 7.0 Balance –2 117.2 United Kingdom 6.8 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –2.8 Urban population (%) 2012 95.0 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 14.4 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 24.7/20.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 98.5 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 82.3/77.6 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 5.4 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.3 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)k 2006-2010 85.8l International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)m mid-2010 15.5/3.8 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 8 409 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.4 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 97.6/104.2 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.3 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.4/0.5 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 8.7 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 30 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 1.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 2 495/6.0 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 967.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres)n 553 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum)n 14.9/22.3 a Beginning 1 January 2008, the Maltese Liri (MTL) was replaced by the euro (1 EUR=0.42924 MTL). b Official rate. c Currency = Maltese Liri. d Market rate. e Series linked to former series. f European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). g Excludes mining and quarrying. h The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. i Departures by air and by sea. j For more information, refer to the technical notes. k Age group 20 to 45 years. l 1993. m Data refer to foreign citizens. n Luqa. 122 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 133. 0DUVKDOO ,VODQGV Region Oceania-Micronesia Currency U.S. Dollar (USD) Surface area (square kilometres) 181 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 55 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 302.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Majuro (31) United Nations membership date 17 September 1991 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 139 177 189 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2.0 5.2 5.0 GDP per capita (current US$) 2 678.0 3 281.0 3 448.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 3 470.0 3 977.0 4 370.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 56.8 56.8 56.8 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)a 107 135b ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 97 175 181 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 97 175 181 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 9c 5d 5d Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 9.7 15.2 ... Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 3.9 ... ... Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.0 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5 Urban population (%) 2012 72.2 Population aged 0-14 years (%)e 2012 41.3 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)e 2012 4.8/4.5 Sex ratio (males per 100 females)e 2012 105.4f Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)g 2010-2015 70.6/67.0h Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)e 2010-2015 21.0i Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)e 2010-2015 4.4j Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 44.6 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 1.7/2.7 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)k 2006-2012 12.2h Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 103.9/102.7 Education: Female third-level students (% of total)k 2006-2012 56.5l Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 3.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 87 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 70.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 103/1.9 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 627.0m a Majuro. b 2008. c Air and sea arrivals. d Air arivals. e Data compiled by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community Demography Programme. f 2011. g Data compiled by the United Nations Demographic Year- book system. h 2004. i 2003-2007. j 2002-2007. k UNESCO estimate. l 2003. m UNSD estimate. World Statistics Pocketbook 123
  • 134. 0DUWLQLTXH Region Caribbean Currency Euro (EUR) Surface area (square kilometres) 1 128 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 407 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 360.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Fort-de-France (87) Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 0.85 0.75 0.77 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 111 121 125 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 99 82 94 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 82 94 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) ... ... 11.7bc Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) ... ... 4.0bc Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 51.0 48.4 48.3 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 57.2 54.8 54.8 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 484 478 497 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 3 4de ... Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4 Urban population (%) 2012 89.0 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 18.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 22.3/19.0 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 87.9 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 83.7/77.3 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 7.2 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.8 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 35.5f International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 71.5/17.6 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 34 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 46.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 2 286/5.6 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 765.0e Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres)g 2 030 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum)g 22.8/29.7 a Market rate. b March to June. c Excludes the institutional population. d 2009. e UNSD estimate. f 1976. g Le Lamentin. 124 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 135. 0DXULWDQLD Region Western Africa Currency Ouguiya (MRO) Surface area (square kilometres) 1 030 700 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 3 542 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 3.4 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Nouakchott (786) United Nations membership date 27 October 1961 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2 184 3 156 4 443 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 9.0 5.6 5.1 GDP per capita (current US$) 717.0 912.0 1 254.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 738.0 895.0 1 231.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 59.0 42.9 25.9 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 270.61 282.00 288.50 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 139 185 196 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 114 112 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 114 112 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 26.0 28.4 28.7 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 78.6 79.1 79.2 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 0 567b ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 25.8 81.4 94.8 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 0.7 4.0 4.5 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 2 458.0 China 36.9 United Arab Emirates 25.9 Imports 2 452.7 Switzerland 13.6 Belgium 14.0 Balance 5.3 Italy 10.0 France 12.2 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.9 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.8 Urban population (%) 2012 41.7 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 39.5 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.2/3.9 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 101.1 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 61.0/57.4 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 69.9 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.4 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 9.3 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)cd mid-2010 99.2/3.0 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 28 184 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.3 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)e 2006-2012 66.2/65.4 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 28.2 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)f 2008-2010 11.4/18.0 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 22.1 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 65 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 2 074/0.6 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 180.0g a Market rate. b 2009. c Data refer to foreign citizens. d Includes refugees. e UNESCO estimate. f Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. g UNSD estimate. World Statistics Pocketbook 125
  • 136. 0DXULWLXV Region Eastern Africa Currency Mauritian Rupee (MUR) Surface area (square kilometres) 1 969a Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 1 307b Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 663.6c Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Port Louis (151) United Nations membership date 24 April 1968 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 6 489 9 714 11 313 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 1.8 4.1 4.1 GDP per capita (current US$) 5 163.0 7 477.0 8 659.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 5 125.0 7 569.0 8 773.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 21.5 24.9 23.9 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)d 30.67 30.39 29.33 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –324 –1 006 –1 422 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 128 176 187 Industrial production index (2005=100)e 100 112 117 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 98 99 97 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 99 97 Unemployment (% of labour force)f 9.5 7.7gh 7.9 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)e 32.4 28.2fi 27.6fi Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)e 10.0 8.7fi 8.4fi Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 41.4 43.9 44.1 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 76.8 75.7 75.5 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 761 935 965 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 10 11j ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 80.7 121.5 127.7 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 15.2 28.3 35.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 2 255.4 United Kingdom 21.3 India 23.4 Imports 5 158.6 France 17.4 China 14.0 Balance –2 903.2 United States 10.5 France 9.0 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %)b 2010-2015 0.5 Urban population growth rate (average annual %)b 2010-2015 0.6 Rural population growth rate (average annual %)b 2010-2015 0.5 Urban population (%)b 2012 41.8 Population aged 0-14 years (%)b 2012 20.9 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)b 2012 13.2/10.5 Sex ratio (males per 100 females)b 2012 97.4 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)b 2010-2015 76.9/70.4 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)b 2010-2015 12.1 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)b 2010-2015 1.6 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 75.8k International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)b mid-2010 42.9/3.3 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 0l Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.7 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)m 2006-2012 94.8/94.7 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.2 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 4.7/9.7 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 18.8 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 224 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 17.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 3 822/3.0 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 909.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 711 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 21.6/29.4 a Excludes the islands of Saint Brandon and Agalega. b Includes Agalega, Rodrigues and Saint Brandon. c Surface area excludes Agalega and Saint Brandon. d Market rate. e The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. f Age group 16 years and over. g Methodology revised. h Data are not strictly comparable withthoseofpreviousyears.iAverageofquarterlyestimates.j2009.k2002.lValueiszero,notavailable or not applicable. m UNESCO estimate. 126 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 137. 0H[LFR Region Central America Currency Mexican Peso (MXN) Surface area (square kilometres) 1 964 375 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 114 793 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 58.4 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Mexico City (20 446) United Nations membership date 7 November 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 846 095 1 031 109 1 155 206 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 3.3 5.3 3.9 GDP per capita (current US$) 7 946.0 9 091.0 10 063.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 7 807.0 8 987.0 9 917.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 20.3 19.8 20.1 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 10.78 12.36 13.99 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –5 876 –2 858 –9 043 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 127 158 163b Industrial production index (2005=100)cd 100 106 110 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 98 107 106 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 98 108 106 Unemployment (% of labour force)e 3.6 5.3fg 5.2 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)eh 25.5i 25.5 ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)eh 14.9i 13.1 ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 41.0 43.9 44.3 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 81.1 80.5 80.5 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)j 21 915 23 290 23 403 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 233 572 199 414k ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 62.6 98.1 99.5 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 17.2 31.1 36.2 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 349 569.0 United States 78.7 United States 49.8 Imports 350 842.4 Canada 3.1 China 14.9 Balance –1 273.4 China 1.7 Japan 4.7 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.2 Urban population (%) 2012 78.4 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 28.3 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 10.0/9.0 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 97.3 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 79.6/74.8 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 14.2 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.2 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 70.9 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)l mid-2010 725.7/0.7 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 2 313 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.3 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 102.6/100.2 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 50.0 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 2.5/23.0 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 36.8 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 959 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 33.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 445 872/4.0 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 395.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 816 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 9.6/23.4 a Principal rate. b Series linked to former series. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d Includes construction. e Age group 14 years and over. f Methodology revised. g Data are not strictly comparable with those of previous years. h The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. i Second quarter. j Includes nationals residing abroad. k 2009. l Includes refugees. World Statistics Pocketbook 127
  • 138. 0LFURQHVLD )HGHUDWHG 6WDWHV RI
  • 139. Region Oceania-Micronesia Currency U.S. Dollar (USD) Surface area (square kilometres) 702 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 112 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 158.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Palikir (7) United Nations membership date 17 September 1991 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 250 297 318 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2.1 3.1 1.0 GDP per capita (current US$) 2 285.0 2 678.0 2 855.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2 397.0 2 806.0 2 992.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 31.2 31.1 31.3 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 101 98 95 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 101 98 95 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)ab 19 26c ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 24.3 32.4 ... Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 11.9 20.0 ... Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4 Urban population (%) 2012 22.7 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 35.6 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 7.0/5.9 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 104.3 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 70.2/68.3 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 31.5 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.3 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 2.7/2.4 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 0d Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)e 2006-2012 6.7f Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 99.1/97.0 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)g 2008-2010 0.6/1.6 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 0.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 155 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 92.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 62/0.6 a Arrivals in the States of Kosrae, Chuuk, Pohnpei and Yap. b Excludes citizens of the Federated States of Micronesia. c 2008. d Value is zero, not available or not applicable. e UNESCO estimate. f 2000. g Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. 128 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 140. 0RQDFR Region Western Europe Currency Euro (EUR) Surface area (square kilometres) 2 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 35 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 17 713.5 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Monaco (35) United Nations membership date 28 May 1993 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 4 280 5 470 5 917 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 1.8 2.1 1.7 GDP per capita (current US$) 121 386.0 154 486.0 167 021.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 121 386.0 154 486.0 167 021.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 19.4 19.5 20.1 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 0.85 0.75 0.77 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)b 286 279 295 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 145.1 162.5 182.2 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 55.5 75.0 ... Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.0 Urban population (%) 2012 100.0 Population aged 0-14 years (%)cde 2012 13.2f Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)cde 2012 31.6/26.1f Sex ratio (males per 100 females)dgh 2012 94.7i International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 23.6/71.6 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 37 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 1.2 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 19.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 14 aMarketrate.bArrivalsofnon-residenttouristsinhotelsandsimilarestablishments.cDejurepopulation count. d Data compiled by the United Nations Demographic Yearbook system. e Data refer to the latest available census. f 2000. g The distribution between males and females was extrapolated from previous years. h De jure national estimate. i 2011. World Statistics Pocketbook 129
  • 141. 0RQJROLD Region Eastern Asia Currency Tugrik (MNT) Surface area (square kilometres) 1 564 116 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 2 800 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 1.8 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Ulaanbaatar (1 184) United Nations membership date 27 October 1961 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2 523 6 201 8 567 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 7.3 6.4 17.3 GDP per capita (current US$) 991.0 2 250.0 3 060.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 971.0 2 047.0 2 797.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 28.0 32.5 48.5 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 1 221.00 1 256.47 1 396.37 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –5 –886 –2 760 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 100 166 181 Industrial production index (2005=100)c 100 114 108 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 97 117 127 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 97 115 126 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 16.8cdef 14.9gh ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 39.9cdef 40.0gh ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 55.2 53.9 54.3 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 65.0 65.0 65.5 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)i 338 457 ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2 311 6 191h ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 28.0 98.1 111.8 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) ... 12.9 20.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)j (% of exports)j (% of imports)j Exports 1 886.6 China 74.2 Russian Federation 34.3 Imports 2 117.0 Canada 9.5 China 31.1 Balance –230.4 United States 3.4 Republic of Korea 5.6 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.8 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –1.4 Urban population (%) 2012 69.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 27.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 6.8/5.3 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 97.5 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 72.8/65.0 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 30.7 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.5 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 66.0k International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)l mid-2010 10.0/0.4 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 298 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.6 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 105.1/103.3 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 59.6 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 4.1/11.1 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 12.7 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 36 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 7.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 14 491/5.4 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 454.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 270 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) –6.4/5.9 a Market rate. b Index base 2006=100. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d December. e Official estimates. f Age group 16 years and over. g Data are derived from micro-sources. h 2009. i Excludes diplomats and foreign residents in Mongolia. j 2007. k 2005. l Data refer to foreign citizens. 130 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 142. 0RQWHQHJUR Region Southern Europe Currency Euro (EUR) Surface area (square kilometres) 13 812 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 632 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 45.8 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Podgorica (156) United Nations membership date 28 June 2006 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2 257 4 111 4 550 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 4.2 2.5 2.5 GDP per capita (current US$) 3 601.0 6 510.0 7 196.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 3 636.0 6 466.0 6 899.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 18.0 21.1 18.1 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 0.85 0.75 0.77 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –1 449b –1 012 –882 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)c 100 122 ... Industrial production index (2005=100)d 100 79 71 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 96e 98 111 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 96e 99 112 Unemployment (% of labour force) 17.2f 19.6 19.7 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 19.2dgh 20.0d 19.0 Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 8.6dgh 6.2d 5.6 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%)e 45.2 46.2 46.5 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%)e 63.5 63.3 63.4 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)i 272 1 088 1 201 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 1 003 800j ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 113.9 212.1 ... Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 27.1 37.5 40.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 627.5 Serbia 17.7 Serbia 28.4 Imports 2 544.0 Hungary 17.0 Greece 7.9 Balance –1 916.5 Croatia 10.2 Bosnia-Herzegovina 7.6 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.5 Urban population (%) 2012 63.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 19.0 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 20.4/16.4 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 96.4 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.4/72.5 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 7.7 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.6 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 39.4k International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 42.5/6.8 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 21 162 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 104.1/104.0 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 54.3 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.1/2.6 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 12.3 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 81 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 40.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 3 048/4.8 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 762.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 661 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 10.7/20.5 a Market rate. b 2007. c Index base 2005=100. d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. e Refers to Serbia and Montenegro. f 2008. g October. h Age group 15 to 64 years. i Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments. j 2009. k 2005-2006. World Statistics Pocketbook 131
  • 143. 0RURFFR Region Northern Africa Currency Moroccan Dirham (MAD) Surface area (square kilometres) 446 550 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 32 273 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 72.3 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Rabat (1 843) United Nations membership date 12 November 1956 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 59 524 90 803 100 257 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 3.0 3.7 4.1 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 959.0 2 842.0 3 107.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 1 933.0 2 772.0 3 048.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 27.5 30.7 31.2 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 9.25 8.36 8.58 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 949 –4 209 –8 337 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 107 108b 109c Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 93 126 125 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 93 126 125 Unemployment (% of labour force) 11.2 9.0 ... Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)d 19.5 22.1 21.9 Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)d 45.4 40.2 39.8 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 27.9 25.9 26.2 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 77.4 74.7 74.7 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)e 5 843 9 288 9 342 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 189 339f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 45.2 111.8 124.3 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 15.1 49.0 51.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)g (% of exports)g (% of imports)g Exports 17 764.8 France 22.5 France 15.6 Imports 35 378.9 Spain 16.9 Spain 10.6 Balance –17 614.1 India 6.1 China 8.4 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1 Urban population (%) 2012 57.4 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 27.3 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 9.0/8.2 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 95.9 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 74.9/70.3 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 28.5 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.2 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 63.0h International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)i mid-2010 49.1/0.2 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 1 351 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.4 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)j 2006-2012 76.2/85.9 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 46.9 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)k 2008-2010 /1.4 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 17.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 160 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 11.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 48 775/1.5 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 445.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres)l 300 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum)l 14.6/22.0 a Official rate. b Series replacing former series; base: 2006=100 . Index base 2006=100. c Index base 2006=100. d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. e Includes nationals residing abroad. f 2009. g 2010. h 2003-2004. i Data refer to foreign citizens. j UNESCO estimate. k Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. l Casablanca. 132 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 144. 0R]DPELTXH Region Eastern Africa Currency (new) Metical (MZN)a Surface area (square kilometres) 801 590 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 23 930 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 29.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Maputo (1 150) United Nations membership date 16 September 1975 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 6 579 9 209 12 823 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 8.4 6.8 7.1 GDP per capita (current US$) 317.0 394.0 536.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 300.0 391.0 509.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 18.7 15.1 16.6 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 24.18 32.58 27.31 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –761 –1 250 –1 615 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 173 287 319c Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 95 112 119 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 94 112 120 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 87.4 86.3 86.0 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 83.3 83.0 82.9 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 578 1 718de ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 3 245 4 207f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 7.6 31.3 33.2 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 0.9 4.2 4.3 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 3 604.1 Netherlands 38.9 South Africa 33.6 Imports 6 305.6 South Africa 16.2 Netherlands 10.7 Balance –2 701.5 United Kingdom 5.5 United Arab Emirates 6.4 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.1 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9 Urban population (%) 2012 31.4 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 43.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.7/4.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 95.2 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 51.8/50.0 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 77.9 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.7 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 16.5g International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)h mid-2010 450.0/1.9 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 13 686 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.0 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 75.9/84.3 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 38.7 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)i 2008-2010 8.4/53.6 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 39.2 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 214 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 50.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 2 598/0.1 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 78.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 814 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 18.6/27.2 a Beginning 1 July 2006, 1 new Metical = 1000 old Meticais. b Principal rate. c Series linked to former series. d Methodology revised. e Data are not strictly comparable with those of previous years. f 2009. g 2003-2004. h Includes refugees. i Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. World Statistics Pocketbook 133
  • 145. 0DQPDU Region South-eastern Asia Currency Kyat (MMK) Surface area (square kilometres) 676 578 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 48 337 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 71.4 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Nay Pyi Taw (1 060) United Nations membership date 19 April 1948 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 11 931 42 207 55 320 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 13.6 10.4 5.5 GDP per capita (current US$) 258.0 880.0 1 144.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 258.0 880.0 1 144.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 12.7 22.4 19.0 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 5.99 5.58 5.62 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 582 1 511 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 297 156b 164b Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 99 131 138 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 131 138 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 74.5 75.0 75.0 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 81.5 82.0 82.1 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)c 232 311 391 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 14 235 13 005d ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 1.4 2.3 3.7 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 0.1 0.3 1.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)e (% of exports)e (% of imports)e Exports 7 625.2 Thailand 41.7 China 27.1 Imports 4 164.3 China, Hong Kong SAR 21.1 Singapore 27.0 Balance 3 460.9 India 12.6 Thailand 11.4 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.1 Urban population (%) 2012 33.2 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 24.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 9.1/7.8 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 97.1 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 67.9/64.1 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 44.8 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.9 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 41.0 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)f mid-2010 88.7/0.2 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 1 147 275 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 0.8 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 86.4/84.5 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 57.5 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)g 2008-2010 3.1/17.4 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 6.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 271 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 48.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 11 084/0.2 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 98.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres)h 2 681 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum)h 22.6/32.3 a Official rate. b Index base 2006=100. c Includes tourist arrivals through border entry points to Yangon. d 2009. e 2010. f Data refer to foreign citizens. g Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. h Yangon. 134 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 146. 1DPLELD Region Southern Africa Currency Namibian Dollar (NAD) Surface area (square kilometres) 824 268 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 2 324 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 2.8 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Windhoek (380) United Nations membership date 23 April 1990 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 7 261 11 447 12 641 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2.5 6.6 3.6 GDP per capita (current US$) 3 491.0 5 013.0 5 439.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 3 437.0 4 939.0 5 360.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 18.6 24.9 27.6 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 6.33 6.63 8.14 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 267 –239 –585 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 114 160 169 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 104 90 90 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 104 91 91 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)c 14.8de 17.7fg ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)c 29.9de 16.3fg ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 55.2 58.4 58.6 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 68.1 69.8 69.9 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 778 984 ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 133 123h ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 28.3 74.1 111.0 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 4.0 11.6 12.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 5 900.9 South Africa 29.1 South Africa 75.8 Imports 6 457.3 United Kingdom 14.4 China 4.1 Balance –556.4 Angola 8.3 United Kingdom 3.6 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.1 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7 Urban population (%) 2012 39.0 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 35.5 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 6.6/5.1 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 98.9 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 63.0/62.1 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 29.8 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.1 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 55.1 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 138.9/6.3 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 7 018 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 8.3 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 93.3/89.4 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.8 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)i 2008-2010 7.2/47.9 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 24.4 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 97 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 9.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 3 583/1.6 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 650.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 368 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 13.0/26.6 a Official rate. b Index base 2002=100. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d 2004. e Age group 15 to 69 years. f 2008. g Excludes regular military living in barracks. h 2009. i Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. World Statistics Pocketbook 135
  • 147. 1DXUX Region Oceania-Micronesia Currency Australian Dollar (AUD) Surface area (square kilometres) 21 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 10 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 490.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Nauru (10) United Nations membership date 14 September 1999 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 26 63 72 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) –9.8 0.0 4.0 GDP per capita (current US$) 2 600.0 6 182.0 6 954.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2 721.0 6 076.0 6 746.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 47.2 42.7 42.2 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 1.37 0.99 0.99 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 101 104 103 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 101 104 103 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 17.8b 60.5c 65.0c Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) ... 6.0 ... Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.0 Urban population (%) 2012 100.0 Population aged 0-14 years (%)d 2012 35.2 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)d 2012 3.3/3.0 Sex ratio (males per 100 females)d 2012 103.3e Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)f 2010-2015 57.1/55.2g Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)d 2010-2015 45.8h Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)d 2010-2015 3.3h Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 35.6 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)i mid-2010 5.3/51.8 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)j 2006-2012 82.8/74.0 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 0.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 74 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 147/14.4 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 4 738.0k a UN operational exchange rate. b Main telephone lines only. c Mobile cellular subscriptions only. d Data compiled by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community Demography Programme. e 2011. f Data compiled by the United Nations Demographic Yearbook system. g 2006. h 2006-2007. i Data refer to foreign citizens. j National estimate. k UNSD estimate. 136 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 148. 1HSDO Region South-central Asia Currency Nepalese Rupee (NPR) Surface area (square kilometres) 147 181 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 30 486 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 207.1 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Kathmandu (1 015) United Nations membership date 14 December 1955 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 8 259 16 317 18 501 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 3.1 4.8 3.9 GDP per capita (current US$) 303.0 545.0 607.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 304.0 549.0 610.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 19.9 22.2 21.2 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 74.05 71.95 85.51 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 1 –438 49 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 123 193b 210 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 114 123 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 114 123 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 80.9 80.3 80.4 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 88.6 87.7 87.6 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 375 603 736 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 225 278c ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2.6 33.5 46.6 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 0.8 7.9 9.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 907.6 India 67.7 India 63.4 Imports 5 915.9 United States 7.7 China 11.7 Balance –5 008.3 Germany 4.5 United Arab Emirates 5.6 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.6 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3 Urban population (%) 2012 17.3 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 34.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 7.1/5.8 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 98.4 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 70.1/68.1 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 32.0 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.6 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 48.0 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)d mid-2010 945.9/3.2 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 874 123 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.7 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 67.5/82.0e Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 40.7 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)f 2008-2010 2.1/14.9 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 33.2 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 95 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 25.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 3 514/0.1 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 47.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 425 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 11.7/24.8 a Official rate. b Series linked to former series. c 2009. d Includes refugees. e 2002. f Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. World Statistics Pocketbook 137
  • 149. 1HWKHUODQGV Region Western Europe Currency Euro (EUR) Surface area (square kilometres) 37 354 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 16 665 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 446.1 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Amsterdam (1 056)a United Nations membership date 10 December 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 638 471 779 742 836 823 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2.0 1.6 1.0 GDP per capita (current US$) 39 157.0 46 936.0 50 215.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 39 346.0 46 184.0 50 650.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 18.9 17.4 17.8 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 0.85 0.75 0.77 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 46 618 55 393 70 634 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 113 122 125 Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 107 106 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 111 115 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 111 115 Unemployment (% of labour force) 4.7 4.5 4.4 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)c 19.6d 15.9 15.3 Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)c 3.2d 2.8 2.5 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 56.8 58.3 58.3 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 72.6 71.5 71.3 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)e 10 012 10 883 11 300 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 65 446 65 475f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 143.7 159.0 161.8 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 81.0 90.7 92.3 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 530 575.8 Germany 23.9 Germany 17.0 Imports 492 837.6 Belgium 11.8 Belgium 10.1 Balance 37 738.2 France 8.7 China 8.6 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –2.1 Urban population (%) 2012 83.6 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 17.4 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 24.4/21.1 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 98.7 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 82.8/78.9 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4.2 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.8 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)g 2006-2010 69.0 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 1 752.9/10.5 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 87 023 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.9 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 114.0/115.3 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 51.8 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.5/1.4 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 38.7 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 30 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 11.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 169 511/10.2 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 3 723.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 780 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 6.1/13.4 a Amsterdam is the capital, The Hague is the seat of government. b Market rate. c European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. e Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments. f 2009. g Age group 18 to 45 years. 138 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 150. 1HWKHUODQGV $QWLOOHVD Region Caribbean Currency Netherlands Antilles Guilder (ANG) Surface area (square kilometres) 800 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 203 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 253.6 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Willemstad (115) Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 3 277 4 078 4 138 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 1.1 0.0 0.0 GDP per capita (current US$) 17 622.0 20 321.0 20 401.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 17 542.0 20 108.0 20 187.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 29.9 35.6 35.6 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 1.79 1.79 1.79 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –106 –794c ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)d 110 130 133 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 101 122 ... Food production index (2004-2006=100) 101 122 ... Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)def 15.3 17.6g ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)def 0.9 1.1g ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 56.3 57.1 57.2 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 67.5 69.3 69.4 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants)h 45.7 44.9 ... Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)g (% of exports)gi (% of imports)gi Exports 146.2 Netherlands 34.2 United States 39.4 Imports 1 437.0 United States 23.0 Netherlands 23.1 Balance –1 290.8 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –2.2 Urban population (%) 2012 93.6 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 19.9 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 17.2/15.2 Sex ratio (males per 100 females)j 2012 86.3 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 79.9/73.5 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 12.3 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.9 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 53.0/26.4 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 109.3/106.6k Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 59.7k Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 42 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 1.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 6 126/30.9 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 10 551.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres)d 552 a The Netherlands Antilles was dissolved on 10 October 2010. Unless otherwise indicated, the data refer toCuraçao,SintMaarten(Dutchpart),Bonaire,SabaandSintEustatius.bOfficialrate.c2009.dCuraçao. e October. f The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. g 2008. h Main telephone lines only. i For more information, refer to the technical notes. j Refers to Curaçao, Sint Maarten (Dutch part), Bonaire, Saba and Sint Eustatius. k 2002. World Statistics Pocketbook 139
  • 151. 1HZ DOHGRQLD Region Oceania-Melanesia Currency CFP Franc (XPF) Surface area (square kilometres) 18 575 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 255 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 13.7 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Nouméa (157) Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 6 236 8 855 9 859 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 3.6 3.5 3.4 GDP per capita (current US$) 26 987.0 35 298.0 38 690.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 26 987.0 35 298.0 38 690.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 28.4 39.2 39.7 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 100.84 90.81 92.36 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 108 119 122c Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 97 96 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 101 97 96 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)def 21.3 22.4g ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)def 3.1 2.7g ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 47.7 46.8 46.8 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 70.1 68.6 68.4 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)h 101 99 112 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 31 39i ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 82.0 116.8 119.1 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 32.4 42.0 50.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 1 657.5 Japan 20.1 France 22.1 Imports 3 696.9 France 17.9 Singapore 14.6 Balance –2 039.4 Australia 13.2 China 10.0 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9 Urban population (%) 2012 61.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 24.6 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 12.9/11.9 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 99.7 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 80.5/73.8 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4.7 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.1 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 59.8/23.6 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 477 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 46.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 2 968/12.0 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 3 837.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 072 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 20.2/26.0 a UN operational exchange rate. b Nouméa. c Series linked to former series. d Population census. e Age group 14 years and over. f The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. g 2008. h Includes nationals residing abroad. i 2009. 140 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 152. 1HZ =HDODQG Region Oceania Currency New Zealand Dollar (NZD) Surface area (square kilometres) 270 467 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 4 415 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 16.3 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Wellington (410) United Nations membership date 24 October 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 113 813 143 088 162 783 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 3.2 0.2 1.1 GDP per capita (current US$) 27 530.0 32 757.0 36 874.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 25 705.0 31 199.0 35 066.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 23.9 18.6 18.1 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 1.47 1.30 1.30 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –8 777 –4 994 –6 709 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 113 130 135 Industrial production index (2005=100)b 100 93 93 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 99 103 105 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 104 107 Unemployment (% of labour force) 3.8 6.5 6.5 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)c 22.0de 20.9f ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)c 7.1de 6.6f ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 60.3 61.5 61.6 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 74.8 74.2 74.1 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2 353 2 492 2 572 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 10 051 11 845f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 127.2 150.9 151.8 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 62.7 83.0 86.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 37 633.2 Australia 22.7 China 16.0 Imports 36 111.3 China 12.4 Australia 16.0 Balance 1 521.9 United States 8.4 United States 10.3 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7 Urban population (%) 2012 86.3 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 20.4 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 19.9/18.0 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 96.7 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 82.8/78.9 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4.8 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.1 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)g 2006-2010 75.0h International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 962.1/22.4 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 2 174 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 7.2 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 112.7/109.6 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 58.1 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.1/1.6 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 32.2 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 154 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 31.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 32 038/7.4 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 3 257.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 957 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 10.8/16.7 a Market rate. b Average of four quarters ending 31 March of the year stated. c Average of quarterly estimates. d Excludes Chathams, Antarctic Territory and other minor offshore islands. e The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. f 2009. g Age group 20 to 49 years. h 1995. World Statistics Pocketbook 141
  • 153. 1LFDUDJXD Region Central America Currency Cordoba Oro (NIO) Surface area (square kilometres) 130 373 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 5 870 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 45.0 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Managua (970) United Nations membership date 24 October 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 4 872 6 591 7 297 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 4.3 4.5 4.7 GDP per capita (current US$) 898.0 1 139.0 1 243.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 871.0 1 091.0 1 201.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 28.5 27.0 29.7 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 17.15 21.88 22.98 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –784 –883 –1 302 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 147 234 253 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 104 117 127 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 102 118 126 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)cd 19.7e 16.5 ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)cd 28.9e 32.2 ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 43.5 46.2 46.7 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 80.5 80.0 80.0 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)f 712 1 011 1 060 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 61 61g ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 24.7 72.9 87.1 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2.6 10.0 10.6 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 2 280.9 United States 30.4 United States 18.8 Imports 5 047.3 Venezuela 13.3 Venezuela 15.7 Balance –2 766.4 Canada 12.0 China 9.2 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7 Urban population (%) 2012 57.8 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 33.3 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 7.0/6.2 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 97.8 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.5/71.4 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 18.3 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.5 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 72.4 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)h mid-2010 40.1/0.7 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 92 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.0 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 96.2/94.7 Education: Female third-level students (% of total)i 2006-2012 52.1j Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.8/20.7 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 40.2 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 128 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 26.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 4 459/0.8 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 249.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres)k 1 989 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum)k 26.9/26.9l a Principal rate. b Index base 1999=100. c Age group 10 years and over. d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. e November. f Includes nationals residing abroad. g 2009. h Includes refugees. i UNESCO estimate. j 2003. k Chinandega. l Refers to average temperature. 142 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 154. 1LJHU Region Western Africa Currency CFA Franc (XOF) Surface area (square kilometres) 1 267 000 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 16 069 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 12.7 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Niamey (1 297) United Nations membership date 20 September 1960 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 3 369 5 672 6 381 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 7.4 8.2 2.3 GDP per capita (current US$) 259.0 366.0 397.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 259.0 363.0 394.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 21.6 34.7 32.0 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 556.04 490.91 506.96 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –312 –1 320b ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)c 114 128d 132 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 102 155 138 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 102 155 138 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 11.1efg ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 56.9efg ... ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 39.2 39.8 39.9 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 90.6 90.1 89.9 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 58 74 82 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 100 124b ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2.7 25.1 27.6 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 0.2 0.8 1.3 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 973.8 France 63.2 China 26.9 Imports 1 902.1 Switzerland 9.3 France 12.2 Balance –928.3 Nigeria 5.4 United Kingdom 7.8 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.5 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.9 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.2 Urban population (%) 2012 18.1 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 48.9 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 4.0/3.7 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 101.3 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 55.8/54.8 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 85.8 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 6.9 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 11.2 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)h mid-2010 202.2/1.3 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 425 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.5 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 39.2/49.5 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 30.4 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)i 2008-2010 1.3/6.3 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 13.3 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 29 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 1.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 1 158/0.1 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 26.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 541 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 22.4/36.2 aOfficialrate.b2009.cNiamey.dSerieslinkedtoformerseries.eCoreWelfareIndicatorsQuestionnaire (World Bank). f April to July. g The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. h Includes refugees. i Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. World Statistics Pocketbook 143
  • 155. 1LJHULD Region Western Africa Currency Naira (NGN) Surface area (square kilometres) 923 768 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 162 471 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 175.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Abuja (2 153) United Nations membership date 7 October 1960 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 112 248 229 508 245 229 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 6.5 7.8 7.4 GDP per capita (current US$) 803.0 1 449.0 1 509.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 771.0 1 306.0 1 347.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 5.5 11.6 11.1 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 129.00 150.66 158.27 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 36 529 13 310 8 689 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 207 338 375 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 100 102 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 100 102 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 11.5cdef ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 44.6cdef ... ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 47.5 47.8 47.9 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 61.9 63.0 63.3 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 1 010 1 555 715 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 151 084 138 459g ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 14.2 55.8 59.0 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 3.6 24.0 28.4 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 125 641.0 United States 22.5 United States 18.0 Imports 63 971.5 India 10.2 China 14.8 Balance 61 669.5 Brazil 8.4 Antigua and Barbuda 7.1 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.8 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3 Urban population (%) 2012 50.3 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 42.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.7/4.9 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 102.6 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 53.4/51.7 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 87.6 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.4 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 14.6 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)hi mid-2010 1 127.7/0.7 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 10 335 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 62.0/68.9 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 40.7 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)j 2008-2010 6.1/18.2 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 6.8 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 300 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 10.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 70 177/0.4 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 107.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 221 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 20.2/33.0 a Principal rate. b Rural and urban areas. c 2004. d Living standards survey. e September of the preceding year to August of the current year. f The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. g 2009. h Data refer to foreign citizens. i Includes refugees. j Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. 144 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 156. 1LXH Region Oceania-Polynesia Currency New Zealand Dollar (NZD) Surface area (square kilometres) 260 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 1 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 5.5 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Alofi (1) Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 1.46 1.31 1.30 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 119 158b ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 101 93 87 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 101 93 87 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)c 3 6 6 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants)d 62.3 68.1 ... Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 51.7 ... ... Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –2.8 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –1.6 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –3.5 Urban population (%) 2012 38.4 Population aged 0-14 years (%)e 2012 24.2 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)e 2012 19.2/14.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females)e 2012 96.0f Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)g 2010-2015 76.0/67.0h Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)e 2010-2015 7.8i Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)e 2010-2015 2.6i International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 0.4/25.6 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)j 2006-2012 124.3/96.1 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 44 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 72.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 4/2.0 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 734.0k a UN operational exchange rate. b 2009. c Includes Niueans residing usually in New Zealand. d Main telephone lines only. e Data compiled by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community Demography Pro- gramme. f 2011. g Data compiled by the United Nations Demographic Yearbook system. h 2006. i 2001-2006. j National estimate. k UNSD estimate. World Statistics Pocketbook 145
  • 157. 1RUWKHUQ 0DULDQD ,VODQGV Region Oceania-Micronesia Currency U.S. Dollar (USD) Surface area (square kilometres) 457 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 61 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 133.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Garapan (...)a Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 100 122c ... Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)d 498 375 336 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants)e 34.6 41.9 ... Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.8 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4 Urban population (%) 2012 91.6 Population aged 0-14 years (%)f 2012 26.0 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)f 2012 7.4/6.9 Sex ratio (males per 100 females)f 2012 102.3g Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)h 2010-2015 79.9/74.5c Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)f 2010-2015 4.9i Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)f 2010-2015 1.6j Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 20.5k International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 54.8/62.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 89 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 66.0 a The population of Garapan was estimated at 3,588 in the year 2000. Garapan is located on the island of Saipan, the population of which is 55,950. b Saipan. c 2009. d Air arrivals. e Main telephone lines only. f Data compiled by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community Demography Programme. g 2011. h Data compiled by the United Nations Demographic Yearbook system. i 2006-2008. j 1999-2001. k 1970. 146 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 158. 1RUZD Region Northern Europe Currency Norwegian Krone (NOK) Surface area (square kilometres) 386 209a Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 4 925b Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 12.8c Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Oslo (915) United Nations membership date 27 November 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 304 060 417 465 485 416 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2.6 0.7 1.4 GDP per capita (current US$) 65 767.0 85 492.0 98 565.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 66 218.0 86 515.0 100 292.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 19.2 19.8 20.2 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)d 6.77 5.86 5.99 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 49 003 51 444 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 109 122 124 Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 88 84 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 99 102 96 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 102 96 Unemployment (% of labour force)e 4.4 3.5 3.2 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)f 20.8g 19.7 ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)f 3.3g 2.5 ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 60.4 61.5 61.7 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 70.5 70.2 70.1 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)h 3 824 4 767 4 963 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent)b 230 931 223 412i ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 148.5 161.1 159.5 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 82.0 93.4 94.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)b (% of exports)b (% of imports)b Exports 159 360.6 United Kingdom 28.0 Sweden 13.4 Imports 90 848.8 Netherlands 11.6 Germany 12.0 Balance 68 511.8 Germany 10.6 China 9.1 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %)b 2010-2015 0.7 Urban population growth rate (average annual %)b 2010-2015 1.0 Rural population growth rate (average annual %)b 2010-2015 –0.7 Urban population (%)b 2012 79.7 Population aged 0-14 years (%)b 2012 18.5 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)b 2012 23.4/20.0 Sex ratio (males per 100 females)b 2012 100.4 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)b 2010-2015 83.5/79.1 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)b 2010-2015 2.9 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)b 2010-2015 2.0 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)j 2006-2010 88.4k International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)b mid-2010 485.4/10.0 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 54 617 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 7.3 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 104.4/105.3 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 60.8 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.5/0.7 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 39.6 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 43 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 33.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 47 038/9.8 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent)b 2009 5 685.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 763 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 2.4/9.6 a Excludes Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands. b Includes Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands. c Surface area excludes Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands. d Official rate. e Age group 16 years and over. f European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). g The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. h Arrivals of non-resident tourists at national borders. i 2009. j Age group 20 to 44 years. k 2005. World Statistics Pocketbook 147
  • 159. 2PDQ Region Western Asia Currency Omani Rial (OMR) Surface area (square kilometres) 309 500 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 2 846 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 9.2 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Muscat (743) United Nations membership date 7 October 1971 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 30 905 59 228 72 680 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 4.0 8.1 5.5 GDP per capita (current US$) 12 721.0 21 286.0 25 536.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 12 300.0 20 193.0 24 224.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 23.1 27.5 29.6 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 0.38 0.38 0.38 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 5 178 5 871 10 263 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 102 134 139 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 112 125 121 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 112 125 121 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 25.1 28.0 28.3 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 76.4 79.9 81.6 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 896 1 524b ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 58 091 64 017b ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 65.8 175.7 179.1 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 6.7 62.0 68.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports)c (% of imports) Exports 47 091.9 China 30.3 United Arab Emirates 27.4 Imports 23 619.4 Japan 12.6 Balance 23 472.5 United States 5.9 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.2 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9 Urban population (%) 2012 73.7 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 27.1 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 4.7/4.5 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 144.4 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 76.4/71.4 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 8.4 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.2 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 31.7d International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)e mid-2010 826.1/28.4 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 126 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.3 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 103.1/104.8 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 50.4 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)f 2008-2010 1.3/2.8 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 1.2 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 85 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 41 110/15.2 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 6 573.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 90 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 23.9/33.0 a Official rate. b 2009. c For more information, refer to the technical notes. d 2000. e Data refer to foreign citizens. f Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. 148 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 160. 3DNLVWDQ Region South-central Asia Currency Pakistani Rupee (PKR) Surface area (square kilometres) 796 095 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 176 745 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 222.0 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Islamabad (919) United Nations membership date 30 September 1947 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 109 214 173 764 208 860 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 7.7 3.5 3.0 GDP per capita (current US$) 688.0 1 001.0 1 182.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 703.0 1 039.0 1 235.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 17.5 14.0 11.5 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 59.83 85.71 89.97 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –3 606 –1 354 –2 234 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 129 234 250b Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 110 117 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 101 113 118 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)cd 20.3e 20.1fg ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)cd 43.0e 44.7fg ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 19.3 22.4 22.7 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 84.1 83.3 83.3 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 798 907 ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 39 619 40 375h ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 11.4 60.6 64.9 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 6.3 8.0 9.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 25 343.8 United States 15.1 United Arab Emirates 15.6 Imports 43 578.3 Afghanistan 10.5 China 14.8 Balance –18 234.5 United Arab Emirates 7.6 Saudi Arabia 10.7 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.8 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.7 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2 Urban population (%) 2012 36.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 34.4 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 6.4/6.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 103.3 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 66.9/64.9 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 65.7 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.2 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 27.0 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)i mid-2010 4 233.6/2.3 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 2 781 067 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.4 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 51.4/65.1 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 46.7 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)j 2008-2010 2.9/4.3 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 22.5 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 116 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 2.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 161 088/1.0 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 347.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 142 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 14.1/28.6 a Market rate. b Series linked to former series. c Age group 10 years and over. d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. e July. f January. g 2008. h 2009. i Includes refugees. j Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. World Statistics Pocketbook 149
  • 161. 3DODX Region Oceania-Micronesia Currency U.S. Dollar (USD) Surface area (square kilometres) 459 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 21 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 44.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Melekeok (1) United Nations membership date 15 December 1994 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 145 212 229 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 5.5 2.0 1.8 GDP per capita (current US$) 7 267.0 10 348.0 11 096.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 7 482.0 8 144.0 9 790.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 14.5 18.7 19.5 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)a 81 86 109 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent)b 2 2c ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 70.5 105.0 108.5 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –4.3 Urban population (%) 2012 85.1 Population aged 0-14 years (%)d 2012 19.7 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)d 2012 11.2/8.9 Sex ratio (males per 100 females)d 2012 115.3e Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)d 2010-2015 72.1/66.3f Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)d 2010-2015 20.1 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)d 2010-2015 2.0g Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)h 2006-2010 32.8i International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 5.8/28.1 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 2 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)j 2006-2012 10.3k Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)l 2006-2012 100.4/100.7m Education: Female third-level students (% of total)j 2006-2012 63.4k Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 0.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 166 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 88.0 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 3 479.0b a Air arrivals (Palau International Airport). b UNSD estimate. c 2009. d Data compiled by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community Demography Programme. e 2011. f 2005. g 2003-2005. h Age group 15 to 44 years. i 2003. j UNESCO estimate. k 2002. l National estimate. m 2004. 150 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 162. 3DQDPD Region Central America Currency Balboa (PAB) Surface area (square kilometres) 75 417 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 3 571 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 47.4 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Panama City (1 426) United Nations membership date 13 November 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 15 465 26 590 30 677 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 7.2 7.6 10.6 GDP per capita (current US$) 4 776.0 7 561.0 8 590.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 4 332.0 6 925.0 7 858.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 16.8 25.0 28.3 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –1 022 –2 862 –3 874 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)ab 103 127 135 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 99 108 112 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 108 112 Unemployment (% of labour force) 6.0c 6.4d 5.0 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)e 17.0f 18.7g 18.6 Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)e 19.3f 17.4g 17.0 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 48.1 49.3 49.6 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 81.2 82.6 82.5 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 702 1 324 1 473 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 320 335d ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 68.5 204.3 219.1 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 11.5 40.1 42.7 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 14 554.8 United States 26.3 China 26.2 Imports 21 801.6 Venezuela 17.7 United States 18.6 Balance –7 246.8 Colombia 12.8 Singapore 15.7 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.2 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –1.0 Urban population (%) 2012 75.9 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 28.3 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 10.6/9.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 101.5 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 79.1/73.9 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 16.2 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.4 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)h 2006-2010 58.2i International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 121.0/3.5 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 18 059 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.6 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 91.5/90.1 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 59.7 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 4.1/42.8 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 8.5 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 352 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 44.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 7 837/2.3 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 759.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 907 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 20.0/33.8 a Urban areas. b Index base 2003=100. c 2008. d 2009. e August. f The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. g The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. h Age group 15 to 44 years. i 1984-1985. World Statistics Pocketbook 151
  • 163. 3DSXD 1HZ *XLQHD Region Oceania-Melanesia Currency Kina (PGK) Surface area (square kilometres) 462 840 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 7 014 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 15.2 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Port Moresby (343) United Nations membership date 10 October 1975 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 4 866 9 707 12 586 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 3.9 7.6 8.9 GDP per capita (current US$) 798.0 1 415.0 1 794.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 710.0 1 292.0 1 638.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 16.5 13.6 13.6 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 3.10 2.64 2.14 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 539 –914 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 146 189 ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 113 110 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 115 112 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 71.3 70.6 70.6 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 74.4 74.1 74.1 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 69 146 165 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2 805 2 341b ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2.3 29.6 36.1 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 1.7 1.3 2.0 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.7 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1 Urban population (%) 2012 12.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 38.4 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.4/4.2 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 104.1 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 65.5/61.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 44.5 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.8 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 35.7 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)cd mid-2010 24.6/0.4 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 9 378 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 45.1/53.9e Education: Female third-level students (% of total)f 2006-2012 35.2g Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)h 2008-2010 3.8/21.9 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 2.7 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 457 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 63.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 3 477/0.5 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 179.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 899 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 23.3/31.3 a Official rate. b 2009. c Data refer to foreign citizens. d Includes refugees. e 1998. f UNESCO estimate. g 1999. h Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. 152 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 164. 3DUDJXD Region South America Currency Guarani (PYG) Surface area (square kilometres) 406 752 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 6 568 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 16.2 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Asunción (2 139) United Nations membership date 24 October 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 7 473 18 331 22 890 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2.9 15.0 3.8 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 267.0 2 840.0 3 485.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 1 257.0 2 783.0 3 428.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 19.4 17.3 18.9 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 6 120.00 4 573.75 4 439.90 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 16 –654 –270 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 150 212 229 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 97 139 148 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 98 144 153 Unemployment (% of labour force)cd ... 7.2 ... Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)ce 15.7f 18.8 17.1g Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)ce 32.4f 26.8 26.4g Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 54.7 57.4 57.9 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 85.7 86.4 86.3 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)h 341 465 524 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 4 403 4 739i ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 37.4 97.3 105.0 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 7.9 19.8 23.9 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 5 517.4 Uruguay 19.2 China 29.6 Imports 12 315.6 Argentina 17.6 Brazil 26.3 Balance –6 798.2 Brazil 14.2 Argentina 14.1 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.6 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Urban population (%) 2012 62.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 32.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 8.3/7.7 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 101.7 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 74.9/70.8 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 27.4 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.9 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)j 2006-2010 79.4 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 161.3/2.5 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 133 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.1 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 82.8/83.3 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 57.8 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.6/22.1 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 12.5 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 50 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 44.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 4 514/0.7 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 358.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 401 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 18.2/28.4 a Market rate. b Asunción. c Age group 10 years and over. d Urban areas, Asunción and Central Urbano. e The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. f October to December. g Excludes the departments of Boquerón and Alto Paraguay. h Excludes nationals residing abroad and crew members. i 2009. j Age group 15 to 44 years. World Statistics Pocketbook 153
  • 165. 3HUX Region South America Currency Nuevo Sol (PEN) Surface area (square kilometres) 1 285 216 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 29 400 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 22.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Lima (9 130) United Nations membership date 31 October 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 79 389 157 324 180 464 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 6.8 8.8 6.9 GDP per capita (current US$) 2 881.0 5 411.0 6 138.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2 690.0 5 064.0 5 650.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 18.3 26.3 26.1 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 3.43 2.81 2.70 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 1 148 –3 782 –3 341 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 110 126 131 Industrial production index (2005=100)c 100 131 136 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 99 127 133 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 129 134 Unemployment (% of labour force)bd 9.6 7.9 7.8 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)de 23.8fg 23.9h 23.7h Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)de 0.7fg 1.4h 1.3h Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 57.5 67.4 67.8 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 79.1 84.7 84.7 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)ij 1 571 2 299 2 598 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 8 787 13 274k ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 29.0 111.0 121.5 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 17.1 34.8 36.5 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 45 636.1 China 15.3 United States 19.7 Imports 37 747.1 United States 13.3 China 16.7 Balance 7 889.0 Switzerland 12.9 Brazil 6.4 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.4 Urban population (%) 2012 77.6 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 29.1 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 9.8/8.5 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.5 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 76.9/71.7 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 18.3 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.4 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 73.2 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 37.6/0.1 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 1 638 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.6 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 98.6/99.7 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 51.6 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.3/4.4 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 21.5 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 493 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 53.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 47 317/1.7 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 524.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 13 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 16.7/22.1 a Market rate. b Lima. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d Age group 14 years and over. e Metropolitan Lima. f Third quarter. g The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. h Average of quarterly estimates. i Includes nationals residing abroad. j Preliminary data. k 2009. 154 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 166. 3KLOLSSLQHV Region South-eastern Asia Currency Philippine Peso (PHP) Surface area (square kilometres) 300 000 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 94 852 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 316.2 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Manila (11 862) United Nations membership date 24 October 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 103 072 199 591 224 754 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 4.8 7.6 3.7 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 205.0 2 140.0 2 370.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 1 517.0 2 851.0 3 117.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 19.9 20.5 19.3 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 53.07 43.89 43.93 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 1 980 8 922 7 078 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 130 166 174b Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 113 115 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 113 115 Unemployment (% of labour force) 8.0c 7.3 7.0 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)d 15.6ef 15.0 14.9 Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)d 36.0ef 33.2 33.0 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 49.8 49.5 49.7 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 80.0 79.4 79.4 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)g 2 623 3 520 3 917 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 6 560 8 663h ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 44.6 92.9 99.1 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 5.4 25.0 29.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 48 042.1 Japan 18.5 Japan 11.0 Imports 63 692.7 United States 14.8 United States 10.9 Balance –15 650.6 China 12.7 China 10.2 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.2 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2 Urban population (%) 2012 49.1 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 34.6 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 6.9/5.4 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.5 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 72.6/66.0 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 20.9 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.1 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 50.7 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)ij mid-2010 435.4/0.5 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 159 716 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.7 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 98.4/97.3 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 54.3 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 3.1/34.8 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 22.9 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 708 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 26.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 68 495/0.7 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 232.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2 201 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 25.2/31.2 a Market rate. b Series linked to former series. c 2006. d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. e October. f Excludes regular military living in barracks. g Includes nationals residing abroad. h 2009. i Data refer to foreign citizens. j Includes refugees. World Statistics Pocketbook 155
  • 167. 3RODQG Region Eastern Europe Currency Zloty (PLN) Surface area (square kilometres) 311 888 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 38 299 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 122.8 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Warsaw (1 723) United Nations membership date 24 October 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 303 912 469 799 514 115 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 3.6 3.9 4.3 GDP per capita (current US$) 7 963.0 12 274.0 13 424.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 7 807.0 11 860.0 13 021.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 18.3 19.9 20.3 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 3.26 2.96 3.42 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –7 242 –21 873 –22 204 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 115 131 137 Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 134 144 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 99 100 102 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 100 102 Unemployment (% of labour force) 17.7 9.6 9.6 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 29.2bc 30.2d ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 17.4bc 12.8d ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 47.5 48.2 48.2 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 62.5 64.3 64.3 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 15 200 12 470 13 350 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 74 494 61 943e ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 107.4 142.7 146.5 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 38.8 62.3 64.9 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 188 105.1 Germany 26.0 Germany 22.2 Imports 209 191.5 United Kingdom 6.5 Russian Federation 12.2 Balance –21 086.4 Czech Republic 6.2 China 8.7 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 – Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2 Urban population (%) 2012 60.8 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 14.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 23.5/17.1 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 93.1 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 80.6/72.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 5.6 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.4 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)f 2006-2010 72.7g International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 827.5/2.2 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 19 496 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.1 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 97.2/98.2 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 59.2 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.8/2.2 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 23.7 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 53 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 30.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 298 660/7.8 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2 319.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 520 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 4.0/12.3 a Official rate. b The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. c Excludes conscripts and regular military living in barracks. d European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). e 2009. f Age group 20 to 49 years. g 1991. 156 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 168. 3RUWXJDO Region Southern Europe Currency Euro (EUR) Surface area (square kilometres) 92 212 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 10 690 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 115.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Lisbon (2 843) United Nations membership date 14 December 1955 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 191 848 228 688 237 586 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 0.8 1.4 –1.7 GDP per capita (current US$) 18 196.0 21 422.0 22 226.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 17 926.0 20 712.0 21 405.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 23.0 19.8 18.2 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 0.85 0.75 0.77 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –19 821 –22 813 –15 539 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 117 127 132 Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 92 90 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 97 104 100 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 97 104 100 Unemployment (% of labour force) 7.6 10.8 12.7 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)c 30.6d 27.7 ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)c 11.8d 10.9 ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 55.5 56.4 56.5 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 69.3 68.0 68.0 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)e 5 769 6 756 7 264 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 599 1 684f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 148.7 156.3 157.3 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 35.0 51.1 55.3 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 58 932.2 Spain 24.8 Spain 31.6 Imports 80 324.5 Germany 13.5 Germany 12.3 Balance –21 392.3 France 12.0 France 6.9 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –1.4 Urban population (%) 2012 61.6 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 14.9 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 26.8/21.7 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 94.1 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 82.8/76.8 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4.2 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.3 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 86.8g International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 918.6/8.6 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 653 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.8 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 110.2/110.5 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 53.3 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.0/2.5 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 28.7 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 247 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 38.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 57 353/5.4 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 827.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 751 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 12.8/20.8 a Market rate. b Excludes rent. c European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. e Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments. f 2009. g 2005-2006. World Statistics Pocketbook 157
  • 169. 3XHUWR 5LFR Region Caribbean Currency U.S. Dollar (USD) Surface area (square kilometres) 8 870 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 3 746 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 422.3 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) San Juan (2 475) Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 86 157 98 757 101 496 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) –0.2 –0.1 –1.4 GDP per capita (current US$) 22 781.0 26 342.0 27 098.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 14 912.0 17 100.0 17 767.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 13.7 9.7 9.7 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 156 131 135 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 97 105 108 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 97 107 110 Unemployment (% of labour force)ab 11.3 16.1 15.7 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)bc 19.0 13.7 13.5 Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)bc 2.1 1.6 1.6 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 38.1 35.4 35.7 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 61.0 54.4 54.5 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)d 3 686 3 186 3 048 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 12 13e ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 80.2 102.0 105.1 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 23.4 45.3 48.0 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 – Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –9.6 Urban population (%) 2012 99.0 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 20.5 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 20.2/16.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 92.7 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 83.2/75.4 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 7.2 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.8 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)f 2006-2010 84.1g International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 324.0/8.1 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 82.9/79.9 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 58.8 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 109 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 62.0 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 192.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 329 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 23.3/30.2 a Official estimates. b Age group 16 years and over. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. d Air arrivals of non-resident tourists. e 2009. f Age group 18 to 44 years. g 2002. 158 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 170. 4DWDU Region Western Asia Currency Qatari Rial (QAR) Surface area (square kilometres) 11 607 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 1 870 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 161.1 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Doha (567) United Nations membership date 21 September 1971 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 44 531 127 332 173 320 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 7.5 16.7 13.5 GDP per capita (current US$) 54 240.0 72 397.0 92 682.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 47 278.0 65 038.0 83 261.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 32.0 34.2 29.2 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 3.64 3.64 3.64 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) ... ... 51 978 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 119 162 165 Industrial production index (2005=100)c 100 191 218 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 95 123 126 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 95 123 126 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 41.0cdef 58.3cg 54.1 Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2.7cdef 1.6cg 1.4 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 46.4 52.1 51.8 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 94.7 95.2 95.2 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)hi 913j 1 519 2 527 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 97 843 149 538g ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 112.3 140.9 139.5 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 24.7 81.6 86.2 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Imports 22 328.2 United States 11.5 China 9.6 United Arab Emirates 8.0 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.9 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –8.6 Urban population (%) 2012 99.0 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 14.4 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 2.6/2.0 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 314.3 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 78.2/78.7 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 8.2 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.2 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 43.2k International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)l mid-2010 1 305.4/86.6 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 1 329 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.5 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 104.8/102.0 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 64.2 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.6/0.6 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 0.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 34 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 70 287/44.0 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 16 034.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 75 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 21.6/32.7 a Official rate. b Index base 2002=100. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d 2004. e March. f Population census. g 2009. h Arrivals in hotels only. i Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments. j Includes domestic tourism. k 1998. l Data refer to foreign citizens. World Statistics Pocketbook 159
  • 171. 5HSXEOLF RI .RUHD Region Eastern Asia Currency South Korean Won (KRW) Surface area (square kilometres) 100 033 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 48 391 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 483.8 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Seoul (9 736) United Nations membership date 17 September 1991 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 844 866 1 014 890 1 116 247 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 4.0 6.3 3.6 GDP per capita (current US$) 17 959.0 21 063.0 23 067.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 17 942.0 21 090.0 23 130.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 28.9 28.1 27.4 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 1 011.60 1 134.80 1 151.80 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 18 607 29 394 26 505 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 100c 116 121 Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 139 149 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 102 101 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 102 101 Unemployment (% of labour force) 3.7 3.7 3.4 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)d 26.8 17.0 ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)d 7.9 6.6 ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 50.0 49.2 49.2 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 73.4 71.6 71.4 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)ef 6 023 8 798 9 795 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 14 848 15 454g ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 132.3 164.6 169.4 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 73.5 83.7 83.8 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 555 208.9 China 24.2 China 16.5 Imports 524 405.2 United States 10.2 Japan 13.0 Balance 30 803.7 Japan 7.1 United States 8.5 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –1.3 Urban population (%) 2012 83.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 15.6 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 18.9/14.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 99.4 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 84.0/77.3 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.7 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.4 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)h 2006-2010 80.0 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 534.8/1.1 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 1 749 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.1 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 100.2/101.4 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 39.4 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 2.3/2.2 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 15.7 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 69 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 63.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 508 959/10.6 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 3 466.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 344 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 8.2/16.9 a Market rate. b Index base 2005=100. c Series replacing former series. d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. e Includes nationals residing abroad and crew members. f Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. g 2009. h Age group 15 to 44 years. 160 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 172. 5HSXEOLF RI 0ROGRYD Region Eastern Europe Currency Moldovan Leu (MDL) Surface area (square kilometres) 33 846 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 3 545a Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 104.7 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Chisinau (677) United Nations membership date 2 March 1992 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2 988 5 812 7 000 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 7.5 7.1 6.4 GDP per capita (current US$) 793.0 1 627.0 1 975.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 901.0 1 762.0 2 152.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 24.6 22.6 23.2 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 12.83 12.15 11.72 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –248 –568 –880 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 100cd 153 165 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 93 100 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 93 100 Unemployment (% of labour force) 7.3 7.4 6.7 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)e 16.0 18.7 18.7 Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)e 40.6 27.5 27.5 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 46.9 37.9 38.4 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 51.0 44.5 45.1 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)f 23 8 11 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 13 22g ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 53.6 121.1 138.1 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 14.6 32.3 38.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 2 216.8 Russian Federation 28.2 Russian Federation 15.9 Imports 5 191.3 Romania 17.0 Ukraine 12.4 Balance –2 974.5 Italy 9.7 Romania 11.1 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %)a 2010-2015 –0.7 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –2.1 Urban population (%)a 2012 48.4 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 16.6 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)a 2012 19.2/14.2 Sex ratio (males per 100 females)a 2012 90.2 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)a 2010-2015 73.5/66.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)a 2010-2015 14.3 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)a 2010-2015 1.5 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 67.8h International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 408.3/11.4 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 2 268 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 8.6 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)i 2006-2012 90.1/89.0 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.7 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 4.0/9.5 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 19.8 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 30 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 12.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 4 543/1.3 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 540.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 547 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 5.6/14.3 a Includes Transnistria. b Official rate. c Series replacing former series. d Index base 2005=100. e The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. f Excludes the regions of the left bank of the Dniester river and the municipality of Bender. g 2009. h 2005. i National estimate. World Statistics Pocketbook 161
  • 173. 5pXQLRQ Region Eastern Africa Currency Euro (EUR) Surface area (square kilometres) 2 513 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 856 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 340.6 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Saint-Denis (145) Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 0.85 0.75 0.77 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 110 121 124 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 99 105 105 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 105 105 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) ... ... 13.4bc Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) ... ... 3.9bc Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 50.8 51.7 51.9 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 64.6 64.0 63.9 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 409 420 471 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent)d 50 65e ... Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –2.7 Urban population (%) 2012 94.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 25.3 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 13.2/11.3 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 95.9 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 81.5/74.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 5.9 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.3 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)f 2006-2010 66.6g International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 174.9/20.9 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 107 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 35.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 2 931/3.5 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 076.0d a Market rate. b March to June. c Excludes the institutional population. d UNSD estimate. e 2009. f Age group 20 to 44 years. g 1997. 162 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 174. 5RPDQLD Region Eastern Europe Currency (new) Leu (RON)a Surface area (square kilometres) 238 391 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 21 437 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 89.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Bucharest (1 937) United Nations membership date 14 December 1955 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 99 173 164 436 189 776 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 4.2 –1.6 2.5 GDP per capita (current US$) 4 555.0 7 653.0 8 853.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 4 421.0 7 562.0 8 738.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 23.7 24.0 24.6 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 3.11 3.20 3.34 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –8 621 –7 284 –8 541 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 232 313 331 Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 123 130 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 95 91 100 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 95 91 100 Unemployment (% of labour force) 7.2 7.3 7.4 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 30.3c 28.7d ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 32.1c 30.1d ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 48.0 48.2 48.6 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 62.6 64.5 64.9 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)e 5 839 7 498 7 611 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 24 645 23 480f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 81.5 134.5 131.1 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 21.5 39.9 44.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 62 692.0 Germany 18.6 Germany 17.1 Imports 76 365.3 Italy 12.8 Italy 11.4 Balance –13 673.3 France 7.5 Hungary 8.7 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.2 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.3 Urban population (%) 2012 52.8 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 15.2 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 23.9/18.0 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 94.1 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 78.0/70.6 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 12.2 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.4 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)g 2006-2010 70.3h International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 132.8/0.6 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 2 033 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.3 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 96.2/97.3 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.4 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.3/2.1 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 11.2 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 82 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 29.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 79 421/3.7 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 384.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 595 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 5.7/16.5 a Beginning 1 July 2005, 1 new Leu = 10000 old Lei. b Principal rate. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). e Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. f 2009. g Age group 15 to 44 years. h 2004. World Statistics Pocketbook 163
  • 175. 5XVVLDQ )HGHUDWLRQ Region Eastern Europe Currency Russian Rouble (RUB) Surface area (square kilometres) 17 098 240 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 142 836 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 8.4 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Moscow (11 621) United Nations membership date 24 October 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 764 016 1 487 516 1 857 770 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 6.4 4.3 4.3 GDP per capita (current US$) 5 311.0 10 405.0 13 006.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 5 160.0 10 065.0 12 586.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 18.0 21.8 21.3 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 28.78 30.48 32.20 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 84 602 71 080 98 834 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 200 325 ... Industrial production index (2005=100)b 100 112 117 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 94 116 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 94 116 Unemployment (% of labour force)c 7.2d 7.5 6.6 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)bc 29.8 27.9e ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)bc 10.2 9.7e ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 54.6 56.1 56.3 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 67.4 70.7 71.0 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)f 22 201 22 281 24 932 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 1 231 230 1 202 410e ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 111.3 197.7 210.2 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 15.2 43.0 49.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports)g (% of imports) Exports 516 992.6 China 15.7 Imports 306 091.5 Germany 12.2 Balance 210 901.1 Ukraine 6.5 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.8 Urban population (%) 2012 74.0 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 15.6 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 22.6/13.8 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 86.0 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 75.0/63.3 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 10.5 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)h 2006-2010 79.5 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 12 270.4/8.7 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 221 779i Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.1 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 91.1/92.5 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.6 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 8.7/29.1 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 13.6 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 201 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 49.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 1 573 098/11.0 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 4 364.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 691 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 1.2/8.9 a Official rate. b The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. c Age group 15 to 72 years. d 2006. e 2009. f Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. g For more information, refer to the technical notes. h Age group less than 50 years. i Includes a figure of 178,000 stateless persons which is based on the number of persons who self-identified themselves as stateless in the 2010 census; it is subject to further discussion/verification with the government. 164 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 176. 5ZDQGD Region Eastern Africa Currency Rwanda Franc (RWF) Surface area (square kilometres) 26 340a Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 10 943 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 415.5 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Kigali (1 004) United Nations membership date 18 September 1962 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2 581 5 625 6 377 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 9.3 7.2 8.6 GDP per capita (current US$) 281.0 529.0 583.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 278.0 525.0 578.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 15.8 21.0 21.4 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 553.72 594.45 604.14 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –84 –421 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)c 138 214d 103d Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 144 156 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 101 146 157 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 3.8e ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 78.8e ... ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 85.7 86.3 86.4 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 83.8 85.2 85.4 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 494f 619 ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 6 9g ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2.7 33.8 41.0 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 0.6 8.0 7.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 417.3 Switzerland 16.9 Uganda 13.9 Imports 1 356.6 Dem. Rep. of Congo 14.0 China 11.7 Balance –939.3 Kenya 13.9 Kenya 8.7 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.9 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5 Urban population (%) 2012 19.4 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 43.0 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 4.7/4.1 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 96.6 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 57.1/54.5 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 92.9 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.3 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 36.4 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)h mid-2010 465.5/4.5 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 64 145 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.8 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 95.3/92.6 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 43.2 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)i 2008-2010 6.3/28.2 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 56.3 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 58 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 18.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 725/0.1 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 18.0j Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 951 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 15.7/26.9 a Data produced by the Ministry of Natural Resources. b Official rate. c Kigali. d Index base 2010=100. e The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. f 2006. g 2009. h Includes refugees. i Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. j UNSD estimate. World Statistics Pocketbook 165
  • 177. 6DLQW .LWWV DQG 1HYLV Region Caribbean Currency E.C. Dollar (XCD) Surface area (square kilometres) 261 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 53 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 203.3 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Basseterre (13) United Nations membership date 23 September 1983 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 536 673 712 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 9.9 –2.4 0.0 GDP per capita (current US$) 10 906.0 12 850.0 13 424.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 10 199.0 12 240.0 12 842.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 46.2 38.8 35.2 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 2.70 2.70 2.70 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –65 –129 –60 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 111 136 ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 91 34 37 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 91 34 37 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)c 141 92 ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 145.0 190.5 ... Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 34.0 76.0 ... Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 44.9 United States 81.7 United States 67.3 Imports 246.7 Antigua and Barbuda 3.1 Trinidad and Tobago 6.3 Balance –201.8 Trinidad and Tobago 2.7 United Kingdom 4.1 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1 Urban population (%) 2012 32.0 Population aged 0-14 years (%)def 2012 30.7g Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)def 2012 11.6/10.2g Sex ratio (males per 100 females)ehi 2012 98.8j Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)e 2010-2015 70.7/68.2k Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)l 2006-2010 40.6m International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 5.1/9.6 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 0n Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.2 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 93.2/90.7 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 67.3 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 6.7 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 40 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 42.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 260/5.1 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 680.0o a Official rate. b Index base 2001=100. c Air arrivals of non-resident tourists. d De facto estimate. e Data compiledbytheUnitedNationsDemographicYearbooksystem.fDatarefertothelatestavailablecensus. g 2000. h The distribution between males and females was extrapolated from previous years. i De facto national estimate. j 2009. k 1998. l Age group 15 to 44 years. m 1984. n Value is zero, not available or not applicable. o UNSD estimate. 166 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 178. 6DLQW /XFLD Region Caribbean Currency E.C. Dollar (XCD) Surface area (square kilometres) 539ab Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 176 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 326.6 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Castries (21) United Nations membership date 18 September 1979 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 847 1 164 1 254 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 8.5 0.4 1.3 GDP per capita (current US$) 5 125.0 6 677.0 7 124.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 4 702.0 6 451.0 6 883.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 31.9 34.5 35.4 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)c 2.70 2.70 2.70 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –129 –183 –284 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 112 ... ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 89 91 95 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 89 91 95 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 16.1def ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 14.8df ... ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 63.4 63.9 64.2 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 77.6 77.0 77.3 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)g 318 306 312 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 87.5 135.2 143.4 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 21.6 40.0 42.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)h (% of exports)h (% of imports)h Exports 164.0 United States 34.0 United States 42.6 Imports 655.7 Trinidad and Tobago 23.2 Trinidad and Tobago 23.8 Balance –491.7 United Kingdom 15.1 Japan 4.3 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –3.1 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.8 Urban population (%) 2012 16.8 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 25.1 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 10.6/8.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females)ij 2012 94.8 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.5/72.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 12.3 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.9 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)k 2006-2010 47.3l International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 10.2/5.9 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 5 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.5 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 92.9/95.3 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 63.5 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 2.8/40.9 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 16.7 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 50 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 77.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 385/2.2 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 747.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres)m 1 399 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum)m 24.5/30.0 a Refers to habitable area. b Excludes St. Lucia's Forest Reserve. c Official rate. d 2004. e Excludes mining and quarrying. f The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. g Excludes nationals residing abroad. h 2008. i The distribution between males and females was extrapolated from previous years. j De facto national estimate. k Age group 15 to 44 years. l 1988. m Vieux Fort. World Statistics Pocketbook 167
  • 179. 6DLQW 9LQFHQW DQG WKH *UHQDGLQHV Region Caribbean Currency E.C. Dollar (XCD) Surface area (square kilometres) 389 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 109 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 281.1 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Kingstown (31) United Nations membership date 16 September 1980 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 551 675 688 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2.0 –2.8 0.1 GDP per capita (current US$) 5 070.0 6 172.0 6 291.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 26.6 25.9 25.4 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 2.70 2.70 2.70 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –102 –213 –208 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 109 135 ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 102 122 130 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 102 122 131 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 53.3 55.5 55.7 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 79.1 78.5 78.4 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)b 96 72 74 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2 2cd ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 85.6 140.4 141.3 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 9.2 38.5 43.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 38.4 Saint Lucia 22.1 United States 34.3 Imports 383.5 Trinidad and Tobago 15.4 Trinidad and Tobago 31.1 Balance –345.1 Barbados 12.0 United Kingdom 5.2 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.0 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.8 Urban population (%) 2012 49.7 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 25.7 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 10.7/9.1 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 101.9 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 74.7/70.5 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 21.0 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.0 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)e 2006-2010 58.3f International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 8.6/7.9 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 1 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.1 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 104.5/107.7 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 5.5/30.8 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 17.4 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 45 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 68.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 202/1.9 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 633.0d a Official rate. b Air arrivals of non-resident tourists. c 2009. d UNSD estimate. e Age group 15 to 44 years. f 1988. 168 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 180. 6DPRD Region Oceania-Polynesia Currency Tala (WST) Surface area (square kilometres) 2 842 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 184 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 64.7 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Apia (37) United Nations membership date 15 December 1976 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 435 596 667 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 5.3 1.8 1.4 GDP per capita (current US$) 2 415.0 3 255.0 3 629.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2 274.0 3 164.0 3 440.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)a 10.4 9.0 9.0 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 2.76 2.34 2.36 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –47 –67 –78 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)c 133 174 184 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 102 109 104 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 102 109 104 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 43.0 42.9 42.8 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 79.2 78.2 77.8 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 102 122 121 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 4 5de ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 24.1 110.7 ... Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 3.4 7.0 ... Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 54.4 Australia 61.0 New Zealand 27.9 Imports 345.9 New Zealand 18.9 Singapore 21.2 Balance –291.5 American Samoa 6.4 United States 11.3 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7 Urban population (%) 2012 19.6 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 36.9 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 8.6/6.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 106.8 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 76.0/69.9 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 19.9 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.8 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 28.7 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 9.0/5.0 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.4 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 97.1/89.3 Education: Female third-level students (% of total)f 2006-2012 44.4g Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)h 2008-2010 /1.8 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 4.1 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 79 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 60.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 161/0.9 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 326.0e Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2 965 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 23.5/30.2 a Refers to gross public capital formation. b Official rate. c Excludes rent. d 2009. e UNSD estimate. f UNESCO estimate. g 2001. h Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. World Statistics Pocketbook 169
  • 181. 6DQ 0DULQR Region Southern Europe Currency Euro (EUR) Surface area (square kilometres) 61 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 32 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 520.3 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) San Marino (4) United Nations membership date 2 March 1992 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 1 959 1 976 2 046 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2.3 –5.2 –2.6 GDP per capita (current US$) 64 664.0 62 674.0 64 480.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 56 712.0 54 815.0 56 364.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 36.6 25.3 28.8 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 0.85 0.75 0.77 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 103 118 121 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)cdef 39.3 36.9g ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)cde 0.5 0.3g ... Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)hi 50 120 156 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 125.4 159.0 170.6 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 50.3 ... 49.6 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2 Urban population (%) 2012 94.1 Population aged 0-14 years (%)jkl 2012 15.2m Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)jkl 2012 23.2/19.7m Sex ratio (males per 100 females)kn 2012 94.5 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)k 2010-2015 84.6/78.0o International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 11.7/37.1 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)p 2006-2012 99.2/93.2 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 58.5 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 18.3 Environmental indicators a Market rate. b Index base 2003=100. c December. d Official estimates. e The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. f Refers to manufacturing and construction only. g 2008. h Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments. i Includes Italian tourists. j De facto estimate. k Data compiledbytheUnitedNationsDemographicYearbooksystem.lDatarefertothelatestavailablecensus. m 2004. n De facto national estimate. o 2000. p UNESCO estimate. 170 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 182. 6DR 7RPH DQG 3ULQFLSH Region Middle Africa Currency Dobra (STD) Surface area (square kilometres) 964 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 169 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 174.8 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) São Tomé (64) United Nations membership date 16 September 1975 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 123 207 256 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 3.1 4.5 4.9 GDP per capita (current US$) 808.0 1 254.0 1 519.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 793.0 1 271.0 1 553.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 26.8 26.1 25.9 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 11 929.70 18 335.60 18 935.00 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –36 –107 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 561 1 432 ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 99 113 116 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 113 116 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 40.9 43.2 43.7 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 75.6 76.4 76.6 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 16 8 ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 12.5 66.8 73.0 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 13.8 18.8 20.2 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)c (% of exports)c (% of imports)c Exports 6.4 Portugal 42.2 Portugal 62.3 Imports 112.2 Belgium 21.9 Angola 15.6 Balance –105.8 Netherlands 15.6 Gabon 5.2 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.0 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1 Urban population (%) 2012 63.4 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 39.4 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.9/4.5 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 98.2 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 66.5/63.5 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 47.5 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.5 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 38.4 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)d mid-2010 5.3/3.2 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 0e Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 103.0/101.3 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 48.8 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)f 2008-2010 0.7/3.4 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 18.2 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 76 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 28.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 128/0.8 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 271.0g a Official rate. b Index base 1996=100. c 2010. d Data refer to foreign citizens. e Value is zero, not available or not applicable. f Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. g UNSD estimate. World Statistics Pocketbook 171
  • 183. 6DXGL $UDELD Region Western Asia Currency Saudi Riyal (SAR) Surface area (square kilometres) 2 004 965 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 28 083 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 14.0 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Riyadh (5 451) United Nations membership date 24 October 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 315 583 455 922 597 086 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 5.6 5.1 7.1 GDP per capita (current US$) 13 127.0 16 610.0 21 262.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 13 145.0 16 680.0 20 909.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 16.5 21.8 19.1 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 3.75 3.75 3.75 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 90 061 66 751 158 494 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 98 127 133 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 109 109 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 109 109 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)c 20.3d 20.4e ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)c 4.0d 4.1e ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 17.6 17.4 17.7 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 74.1 74.2 74.1 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 8 037 10 850 17 498 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 584 410 533 208e ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 74.9 203.0 207.7 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 12.7 41.0 47.5 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports)f (% of imports) Exports 364 697.7 China 13.1 Imports 131 586.6 United States 12.4 Balance 233 111.1 Germany 6.8 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0 Urban population (%) 2012 82.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 29.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.2/4.7 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 122.7 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 75.6/73.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 16.2 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.6 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 23.8 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)gh mid-2010 7 288.9/27.8 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 70 679 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.6 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 101.8/104.8 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 52.4 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)i 2008-2010 1.7/3.5 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 0.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 109 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 432 418/16.1 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 6 046.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 111 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 17.7/33.3 a Official rate. b All cities. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d 2006. e 2009. f For more information, refer to the technical notes. g Data refer to foreign citizens. h Includes refugees. i Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. 172 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 184. 6HQHJDO Region Western Africa Currency CFA Franc (XOF) Surface area (square kilometres) 196 712a Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 12 768 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 64.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Dakar (3 035) United Nations membership date 28 September 1960 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 8 708 12 858 14 448 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 5.6 4.1 2.8 GDP per capita (current US$) 801.0 1 034.0 1 132.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 796.0 1 013.0 1 111.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 23.3 22.2 21.8 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 556.04 490.91 506.96 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –676 –865c ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)d 108 122e 126 Industrial production index (2005=100)f 100 104 110 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 110 148 109 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 110 150 110 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 14.8fg ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 33.7fg ... ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 64.9 66.0 66.1 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 88.3 88.3 88.4 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 769 900h 1 001h Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 13 16c ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 18.4 69.9 76.0 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 4.8 16.0 17.5 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports)i (% of imports) Exports 2 541.7 Mali 17.3 France 17.2 Imports 5 908.9 India 14.0 Nigeria 9.2 Balance –3 367.2 China 6.6 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.6 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.3 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1 Urban population (%) 2012 42.8 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 43.3 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 4.1/3.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 98.4 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 60.9/58.6 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 49.8 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.6 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 11.8j International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)k mid-2010 210.1/1.6 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 22 907 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.6 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)l 2006-2012 64.7/63.8 Education: Female third-level students (% of total)m 2006-2012 37.3 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)n 2008-2010 4.8/12.7 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 42.7 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 99 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 44.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 4 573/0.4 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 91.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 514 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 21.7/27.6 a Surface area is based on 2002 population and housing census. b Official rate. c 2009. d Dakar. e Series linked to former series. f The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. g 2006. h Estimated data. i For moreinformation,refertothetechnicalnotes.j2005.kIncludesrefugees.lNationalestimate.mUNESCO estimate. n Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. World Statistics Pocketbook 173
  • 185. 6HUELD Region Southern Europe Currency Dinar (RSD) Surface area (square kilometres) 88 361 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 9 854a Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 111.5 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Belgrade (1 135) United Nations membership date 1 November 2000 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 25 231 37 076 41 057 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 5.4 1.0 1.6 GDP per capita (current US$) 3 391.0 5 037.0 5 579.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 3 354.0 4 925.0 5 455.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 19.0 17.8 19.8 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 72.22 79.28 80.87 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –7 154c –3 116 –4 436 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 330 137d 153d Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 99 101 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 96e 102 104 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 96e 102 104 Unemployment (% of labour force) 13.6f 19.2 ... Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)g 27.6h 26.3 ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)g 23.3h 21.9 ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%)e 45.2 46.2 46.5 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%)e 63.5 63.3 63.4 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)i 453 683 764 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 9 405 9 200j ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 99.0 160.4 162.7 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 26.3 40.9 42.2 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 11 779.5 Germany 11.3 Russian Federation 13.4 Imports 19 861.9 Italy 11.1 Germany 10.8 Balance –8 082.4 Bosnia-Herzegovina 10.1 Italy 8.9 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %)a 2010-2015 –0.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.9 Urban population (%)a 2012 56.7 Population aged 0-14 years (%)a 2012 17.4 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)a 2012 22.5/18.4 Sex ratio (males per 100 females)a 2012 98.1 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)a 2010-2015 77.1/72.5 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)a 2010-2015 10.6 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)a 2010-2015 1.6k Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 41.2l International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 525.4/5.3 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 309 577 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.7 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)m 2006-2012 93.0/92.1 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 55.6 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.0/2.5 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 32.4 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 53 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 31.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 46 214/4.7 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 376.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 683 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 7.8/16.7 a Includes Kosovo. b Official rate. c 2007. d Index base 2006=100. e Refers to Serbia and Montenegro. f 2008. g October. h The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. i Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments. j 2009. k 2010. l 2005. m National estimate. 174 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 186. 6HFKHOOHV Region Eastern Africa Currency Seychelles Rupee (SCR) Surface area (square kilometres) 452 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 87 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 192.4 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Victoria (27) United Nations membership date 21 September 1976 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 937 963 1 014 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 8.0 6.7 4.9 GDP per capita (current US$) 11 214.0 11 131.0 11 675.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 10 849.0 10 240.0 10 740.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 35.1 36.7 35.4 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 5.50 12.15 13.72 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –188 –225 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 115 215 221 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 96 77 84 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 96 79 87 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 129 175 194 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 96.1 161.4 177.8 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 25.4 41.0 43.2 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)b (% of exports)bc (% of imports)b Exports 340.6 United Arab Emirates 16.7 Imports 1 021.9 Saudi Arabia 14.5 Balance –681.3 Singapore 8.2 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.5 Urban population (%) 2012 54.0 Population aged 0-14 years (%)def 2012 22.4g Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)def 2012 12.5/9.3g Sex ratio (males per 100 females)eh 2012 97.3g Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)ei 2010-2015 78.1/67.7g Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)e 2010-2015 2.3j International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 10.8/12.8 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.8 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 120.5/115.9 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 43.8 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 257 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 88.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 736/8.5 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2 808.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2 172 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 24.4/29.8 a Official rate. b 2008. c For more information, refer to the technical notes. d De facto estimate. e Data compiledbytheUnitedNationsDemographicYearbooksystem.fDatarefertothelatestavailablecensus. g 2011. h De facto national estimate. i The data for life expectancy at age 60 is based on the year of 2007. j 2009. World Statistics Pocketbook 175
  • 187. 6LHUUD /HRQH Region Western Africa Currency Leone (SLL) Surface area (square kilometres) 72 300 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 5 997 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 83.0 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Freetown (941) United Nations membership date 27 September 1961 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 1 628 2 533 2 897 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 4.3 5.3 6.0 GDP per capita (current US$) 316.0 432.0 483.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 318.0 437.0 501.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 11.0 24.1 40.4 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 2 932.52 4 198.01 4 377.71 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –171 –654 –1 212 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 132 239bc 277b Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 98 123 129 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 98 122 128 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 6.5defgh ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 68.5defgh ... ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 66.6 66.4 66.3 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 67.8 68.9 69.1 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)i 40 39 52 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2 2jk ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 0.5l 34.3 35.6m Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 0.2 ... ... Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5 Urban population (%) 2012 39.6 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 42.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 3.6/3.7 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 95.7 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 48.9/47.5 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 103.5 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.7 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 8.2 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)n mid-2010 106.8/1.8 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 8 156 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.6 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)o 2006-2012 47.6/70.3p Education: Female third-level students (% of total)o 2006-2012 28.8q Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)r 2008-2010 6.3/24.0 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 12.9 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 136 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 38.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 1 414/0.3 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 76.0k Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2 946 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 23.8/29.9 a Market rate. b Index base 2003=100. c Series linked to former series. d 2004. e December. f Population census. g Age group 10 years and over. h The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. i Air arrivals. j 2009. k UNSD estimate. l Main telephone lines only. m Mobile cellular subscriptions only. n Includes refugees. o UNESCO estimate. p 2001. q 2002. r Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. 176 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 188. 6LQJDSRUH Region South-eastern Asia Currency Singaporean Dollar (SGD) Surface area (square kilometres) 714 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 5 188 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 7 263.0 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Singapore (5 188) United Nations membership date 21 September 1965 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 125 429 227 382 259 850 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 7.4 14.8 4.9 GDP per capita (current US$) 29 402.0 44 704.0 50 087.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 27 428.0 43 926.0 49 009.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 21.1 24.2 23.4 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 1.66 1.29 1.30 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 26 869 55 509 56 989 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 103 117 123 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 88 95 103 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 88 95 103 Unemployment (% of labour force)b 2.8c 2.1 1.9 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)defg 21.7 21.8h ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)defi 1.1 1.1h ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 53.5 56.7 56.5 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 77.3 77.0 76.6 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 7 079 9 161 10 390 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 146.0 184.4 188.4 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 61.0 71.0 75.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 409 503.6 Malaysia 12.2 United States 10.8 Imports 365 770.5 China, Hong Kong SAR 11.0 Malaysia 10.7 Balance 43 733.1 Indonesia 10.4 China 10.4 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.0 Urban population (%) 2012 100.0 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 16.2 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 16.4/14.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 101.6 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 83.7/78.9 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 1.9 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.4 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)j 2006-2010 62.0k International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 1 966.9/40.7 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 3 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.3 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 49.6 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.5/1.0 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 23.5 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 275 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 3.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 31 869/6.5 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 4 344.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2 150 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 23.9/30.9 a Market rate. b Refers to the residents (Singaporean citizens and permanent residents). c 2006. d June. e Data refer to permanent residents. f The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. g Refers to manu- facturing and construction only. h 2009. i Includes mining and quarrying, electricity, gas and water supply and activities not classifiable by economic activity. j Age group 15 to 44 years. k 1997. World Statistics Pocketbook 177
  • 189. 6ORYDNLD Region Eastern Europe Currency Euro (EUR)a Surface area (square kilometres) 49 036b Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 5 472 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 111.6 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Bratislava (434) United Nations membership date 19 January 1993 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 47 896 87 072 96 000 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 6.7 4.2 3.3 GDP per capita (current US$) 8 844.0 15 941.0 17 545.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 8 594.0 15 723.0 17 214.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 26.6 22.3 22.5 Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 31.95cd 0.75e 0.77e Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –4 005 –3 009 12 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 133 153 159 Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 142 152 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 102 83 92 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 102 83 92 Unemployment (% of labour force) 16.3 14.4 13.5 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 38.8fgh 37.1i ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 4.7fgh 3.2i ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 51.4 50.9 51.2 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 68.5 68.0 68.1 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)j 1 515 1 327 1 460 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2 832 2 586k ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 105.9 128.6 128.7 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 55.2 75.7 74.4 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports)l Exports 78 487.2 Germany 20.4 Germany 16.7 Imports 76 690.3 Czech Republic 14.2 Balance 1 796.9 Poland 7.3 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Urban population (%) 2012 54.7 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 15.0 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 21.3/15.2 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 94.6 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 79.5/71.9 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 5.7 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.4 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)m 2006-2010 79.8n International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)o mid-2010 130.7/2.4 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 840 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.1 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 93.3/92.9 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 59.8 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.9/2.3 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 17.3 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 44 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 40.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 33 863/6.2 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2 508.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 557 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 5.7/15.2 a Beginning 1 January 2009, the Slovak Koruna (SKK) was replaced by the euro (1 EUR=30.126 SKK). b Excludes inland water. c Official rate. d Currency = Slovak Koruna. e Market rate. f Excludes persons on child-care leave. g Excludes conscripts. h The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. i European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). j Arrivals of non-resident tourists staying in commercial accommodations only (representing approximately 25% of all tourists). k 2009. l For more information, refer to the technical notes. m Age group 15 to 44 years. n 1997. o Includes refugees. 178 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 190. 6ORYHQLD Region Southern Europe Currency Euro (EUR)a Surface area (square kilometres) 20 273 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 2 035 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 100.4 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Ljubljana (273) United Nations membership date 22 May 1992 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 35 718 47 159 50 284 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 4.0 1.2 0.6 GDP per capita (current US$) 17 840.0 23 235.0 24 709.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 17 689.0 22 858.0 24 367.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 25.4 20.1 18.5 Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 202.43bc 0.75d 0.77d Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –681 –270 4 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 131 150 153 Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 102 104 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 99 92 91 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 92 91 Unemployment (% of labour force) 6.5 7.2 8.2 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 37.2efg 32.5h ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 8.8efg 8.8h ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 52.8 53.1 53.1 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 66.1 65.2 65.1 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)i 1 555 1 869 2 037 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 1 991 2 068j ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 138.8 149.4 149.5 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 46.8 70.0 72.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 28 984.1 Germany 21.1 Italy 16.5 Imports 31 236.8 Italy 11.9 Germany 16.2 Balance –2 252.7 Austria 7.7 Austria 7.8 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Urban population (%) 2012 49.8 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 14.1 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 26.6/20.3 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 96.0 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 82.8/76.1 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.3 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)k 2006-2010 78.9l International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 163.9/8.1 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 245 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.7 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 97.3/98.3 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 57.8 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.7/0.6 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 32.2 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 120 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 62.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 15 279/7.6 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2 687.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 368 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 5.9/15.0 a Beginning 1 January 2007, the Slovenian tolar (SIT) was replaced by the euro (1 EUR=239.64 SIT). b Official rate. c Currency = Slovenian tolar. d Market rate. e Second quarter. f The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. g Excludes conscripts and regular military living in barracks. h European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). i Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments. j 2009. k Age group 15 to 44 years. l 1994-1995. World Statistics Pocketbook 179
  • 191. 6RORPRQ ,VODQGV Region Oceania-Melanesia Currency Solomon Is. Dollar (SBD) Surface area (square kilometres) 28 896 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 552 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 19.1 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Honiara (68) United Nations membership date 19 September 1978 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 429 676 838 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 12.8 7.0 10.7 GDP per capita (current US$) 914.0 1 255.0 1 518.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 918.0 1 026.0 1 337.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 16.0 37.5 20.4 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 7.58 8.06 7.36 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –90 –373 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 149 ... ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 103 120 119 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 103 120 119 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 53.6 53.1 53.2 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 79.4 79.9 79.9 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 9c 21 23 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2.9 29.4 51.3 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 0.8 5.0 6.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 417.4 China 46.3 Australia 32.0 Imports 466.1 Australia 16.2 Singapore 21.0 Balance –48.7 Philippines 6.3 China 10.8 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.7 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9 Urban population (%) 2012 20.9 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 39.3 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.5/4.7 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 107.0 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 70.0/67.0 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 34.6 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.0 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 34.6 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 7.0/1.3 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 7.3 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 94.6/98.6 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)d 2008-2010 /1.3 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 0.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 223 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 79.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 198/0.4 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 122.0e Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres)f 3 290 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum)f 23.2/30.1 a Official rate. b Honiara. c Excludes 1st quarter. d Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. e UNSD estimate. f Auki. 180 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 192. 6RPDOLD Region Eastern Africa Currency Somali Shilling (SOS) Surface area (square kilometres) 637 657 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 9 557 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 15.0 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Mogadishu (1 554) United Nations membership date 20 September 1960 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2 316 1 071 1 067 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 3.0 2.6 2.6 GDP per capita (current US$) 277.0 115.0 112.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 266.0 110.0 107.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 20.3 19.9 20.0 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 112 113 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 112 113 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 37.1 37.6 37.7 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 77.6 77.0 76.8 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 7.2 8.0 6.9a Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 1.1 ... 1.3 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.6 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.8 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.8 Urban population (%) 2012 38.2 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 44.9 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 4.7/4.1 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 98.4 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 53.4/50.1 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 100.0 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 6.3 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 14.6b International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)cd mid-2010 22.8/0.2 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 1 365 183 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)e 2006-2012 15.0/28.1 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)f 2008-2010 1.5/1.6 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 13.8 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 135 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 11.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 594/0.1 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 22.0g a Mobile cellular subscriptions only. b 2005-2006. c Estimates. d Includes refugees. e UNESCO estimate. f Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. g UNSD estimate. World Statistics Pocketbook 181
  • 193. 6RXWK $IULFD Region Southern Africa Currency Rand (ZAR) Surface area (square kilometres) 1 221 037 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 50 460 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 41.3 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Pretoria (1 501)a United Nations membership date 7 November 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 247 052 363 523 408 237 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 5.3 2.9 3.1 GDP per capita (current US$) 5 169.0 7 251.0 8 090.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 5 066.0 7 107.0 7 909.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 16.8 19.6 18.9 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 6.33 6.63 8.14 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –8 518 –10 117 –13 683 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 128 179 188 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 102 116 117 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 102 117 117 Unemployment (% of labour force)c 23.8 24.9 24.7 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)c 25.6d 24.5ef 24.3ef Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)c 7.5d 4.9ef 4.6ef Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 45.7 43.8 44.0 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 61.5 60.4 60.8 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 7 369g 8 074hi 8 339 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 132 694 134 151j ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 81.0 108.9 135.0 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 7.5 18.0 21.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 92 975.6 China 13.4 China 14.2 Imports 99 726.0 United States 9.0 Germany 10.7 Balance –6 750.4 Japan 8.2 United States 8.0 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.7 Urban population (%) 2012 62.4 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 29.7 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 9.2/6.4 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 98.3 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 54.1/53.1 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 45.9 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.4 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 59.9k International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)l mid-2010 1 862.9/3.7 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 277 267m Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.0 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 98.1/98.8 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 10.1/45.4 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)n 2012 42.3 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 449 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 8.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 498 608/10.0 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2 698.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres)o 713 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum)o 10.1/21.9 a Pretoria is the administrative capital, Cape Town is the legislative capital and Bloemfontein is the judicial capital. b Principal rate. c Age group 15 to 64 years. d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. e Average of quarterly estimates. f The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. g Excludes arrivals for work and contract workers. h Methodology revised. i Data are not strictly comparable with those of previous years. j 2009. k 2003-2004. l Includes refugees. m Includes asylum-seekers (pending cases), of which an estimated 63,000 refer to undecided cases at first instance and 156,400 refer to undecidedcasesonappeal.nThefiguresonthedistributionofseatsdonotincludethe36specialrotating delegates appointed on an ad hoc basis, and all percentages given are therefore calculated on the basis of the 54 permanent seats. o Johannesburg. 182 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 194. 6SDLQ Region Southern Europe Currency Euro (EUR) Surface area (square kilometres) 505 992 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 46 455a Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 91.8 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Madrid (6 574) United Nations membership date 14 December 1955 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 1 130 799 1 389 166 1 478 206 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 3.6 –0.3 0.4 GDP per capita (current US$) 26 058.0 30 149.0 31 820.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 25 688.0 29 766.0 31 178.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 29.3 22.3 21.1 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 0.85 0.75 0.77 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –83 388 –63 129 –52 281 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)c 101 114 118 Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 83 82 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 95 101 105 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 94 101 105 Unemployment (% of labour force)d 9.2 20.1 21.6 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)de 29.7f 23.1 21.8 Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)de 5.3f 4.3 4.2 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 45.8 51.5 51.6 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 68.0 67.4 67.4 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 55 914 52 677 56 694 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 15 604 15 443g ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 143.2 155.8 156.6 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 47.9 65.8 67.6 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 298 171.0 France 17.9 Germany 11.8 Imports 362 834.5 Germany 10.2 France 10.8 Balance –64 663.5 Portugal 8.0 China 7.1 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %)a 2010-2015 0.6 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 – Urban population (%)a 2012 77.6 Population aged 0-14 years (%)a 2012 15.3 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)a 2012 25.1/20.2 Sex ratio (males per 100 females)a 2012 97.7 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)a 2010-2015 84.8/78.8 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)a 2010-2015 3.6 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)a 2010-2015 1.5 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 65.7 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 6 377.5/14.1 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 6 934 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.0 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 115.6/114.6 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 53.9 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.6/1.2 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 36.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 532 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 36.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 287 994/6.3 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2 537.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 436 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 9.7/19.5 a Includes Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla. b Market rate. c Index base 2001=100. d Age group 16 years and over. e European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). f The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. g 2009. World Statistics Pocketbook 183
  • 195. 6UL /DQND Region South-central Asia Currency Sri Lanka Rupee (LKR) Surface area (square kilometres) 65 610 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 21 045 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 320.8 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Colombo (693)a United Nations membership date 14 December 1955 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 24 406 49 550 59 175 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 6.2 8.0 8.3 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 230.0 2 375.0 2 812.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 1 215.0 2 345.0 2 781.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 23.4 25.9 27.1 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 102.12 110.95 113.90 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –743 –1 127 –4 675 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)c 160 219d 234e Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 102 123 117 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 102 124 117 Unemployment (% of labour force)fg 6.5h 4.9 ... Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)fi 25.6 24.2 ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)fi 30.7 32.7 ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 34.3 34.6 34.7 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 76.1 76.2 76.3 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)j 549 654h 856 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 297 336k ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 23.2 100.4 104.2 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 1.8 12.0 15.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 10 011.3 United States 21.4 India 22.1 Imports 19 696.5 United Kingdom 11.1 China 10.8 Balance –9 685.2 Italy 6.1 Singapore 7.8 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7 Urban population (%) 2012 15.2 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 24.9 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 13.8/12.0 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 97.3 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 78.4/72.1 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 11.2 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.2 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 68.0 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)l mid-2010 339.9/1.7 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 285 735 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.1 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 100.5/98.8 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 65.1 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 /6.2 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 5.8 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 561 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 29.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 12 648/0.6 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 198.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2 524 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 24.1/30.6 a Colombo is the commercial capital, Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte is the administrative and legislative capital. b Market rate. c Colombo. d Index base 2002=100. e Series linked to former series. Index base 2002=100. f Age group 10 years and over. g Excludes the Northern and Eastern provinces. h 2006. i The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. j Excludes nationals residing abroad. k 2009. l Data refer to foreign citizens. 184 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 196. 6WDWH RI 3DOHVWLQHD Region Western Asia Currency Shekel (ILS) Surface area (square kilometres) 6 020 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 4 152b Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 689.8 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Ramallah (75) Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 4 634 8 331 8 769 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 8.6 9.8 9.9 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 303.0 2 062.0 2 112.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 1 404.0 2 211.0 2 272.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 27.1 17.3 19.5 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)c 4.60 3.55 3.82 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –1 152 –691 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 119 148 153 Industrial production index (2005=100)d 100 94 101 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 107 100 105 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 107 100 105 Unemployment (% of labour force) 23.5 23.7 20.9 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 26.3d 24.6e ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 14.6d 11.8e ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 14.2 14.7 15.1 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 67.2 66.3 66.3 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)f 88 522 449 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 25.4 ... ... Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 16.0 42.0 55.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 719.6 Israel 85.9 Israel 69.6 Imports 4 221.1 Jordan 5.4 Turkey 5.1 Balance –3 501.5 Saudi Arabia 1.3 China 4.6 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %)b 2010-2015 2.8 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.1 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9 Urban population (%) 2012 74.6 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 41.4 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 4.7/4.3 Sex ratio (males per 100 females)b 2012 103.1 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 74.8/71.5 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 19.5 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.3 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 50.2 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 1 923.8/43.6 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 0g Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 89.5/84.4 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 57.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 20 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 2.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 2 162/0.6 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 272.0 a Previously listed as Occupied Palestinian Territory. b Includes East Jerusalem. c Market rate. d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. e The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. f Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments. g Value is zero, not available or not applicable. World Statistics Pocketbook 185
  • 197. 6XGDQD Region Northern Africa Currency Sudanese Pound (SDG)b Surface area (square kilometres) 2 505 813 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 44 632 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 17.8 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Khartoum (4 632) United Nations membership date 12 November 1956 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 35 183 69 665 56 015c GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 9.0 6.6 –3.9c GDP per capita (current US$) 916.0 1 600.0 1 583.0c GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 881.0 1 544.0 942.0c Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 20.6 19.7 20.5c Exchange rates (national currency per US$)d 2.31 2.48 2.68 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –3 013 157 ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 108 ... Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 109 ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 29.9 30.8 30.9 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 76.1 76.5 76.5 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)e 246 495 536 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 15 540 24 260f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 6.2 42.8 57.3 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 1.3 8.0 19.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)f (% of exports)f (% of imports)f Exports 9 079.5 China 65.3 China 16.6 Imports 8 589.9 United Arab Emirates 10.5 Japan 9.5 Balance 489.6 Canada 8.8 Saudi Arabia 7.6 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4 Urban population growth rate (average annual %)c 2010-2015 2.6 Rural population growth rate (average annual %)c 2010-2015 1.9 Urban population (%) 2012 33.3 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 39.5 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 6.1/5.3 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 101.6 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 63.8/60.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 57.3 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.2 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 7.6 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)g mid-2010 753.5/1.7 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCRc end-2011 2 898 246h Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 55.3/61.7 Education: Female third-level students (% of total)i 2006-2012 47.2j Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)k 2008-2010 16.7/31.6 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 24.6 Environmental indicators Threatened speciesc 2012 117 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 29.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 14 326/0.3 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 99.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 121 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 22.8/37.0 a Unless otherwise indicated, the data include those for South Sudan. b Beginning 1 July 2007, 1 new Sudanese Pound = 100 dinars. c Excludes South Sudan. d Principal rate. e Includes nationals residing abroad. f 2009. g Includes refugees. h Includes 83,100 people who are in an internally displaced person- like situation. i UNESCO estimate. j 2000. k Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. 186 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 198. 6XULQDPH Region South America Currency Surinamese Dollar (SRD) Surface area (square kilometres) 163 820 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 529 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 3.2 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Paramaribo (278) United Nations membership date 4 December 1975 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2 193 4 350 4 610 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 3.9 4.1 4.5 GDP per capita (current US$) 4 392.0 8 292.0 8 708.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 4 315.0 8 094.0 8 650.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 45.6 37.7 40.2 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 2.74 2.75 3.30 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –144 653 251 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)bc 171 249 293 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 99 137 133 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 137 133 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 23.0defg ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 8.0defg ... ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 37.8 40.1 40.5 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 67.3 68.7 68.7 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 161 205 220 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 715 744h ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 62.9 185.8 195.0 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 6.4 31.6 32.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 2 466.9 United Arab Emirates 26.1 United States 26.7 Imports 1 637.8 Canada 18.6 Trinidad and Tobago 25.4 Balance 829.1 United States 11.2 Netherlands 16.0 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.5 Urban population (%) 2012 70.1 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 27.7 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 10.8/8.5 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.5 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 74.2/67.8 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 19.8 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.3 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 45.6 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)i mid-2010 39.5/7.5 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 3 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 96.6/91.6 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 62.0j Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 3.6/11.9 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 11.8 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 74 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 95.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 2 470/4.8 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 357.0 aMarketrate.bIndexbase2001=100.cParamaribo.d2004.eAugust.fPopulationcensus.gTheindices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. h 2009. i Data refer to foreign citizens. j 2002. World Statistics Pocketbook 187
  • 199. 6ZD]LODQG Region Southern Africa Currency Lilangeni (SZL) Surface area (square kilometres) 17 363 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 1 203 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 69.3 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Mbabane (66)a United Nations membership date 24 September 1968 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2 584 3 892 4 090 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2.5 1.9 1.3 GDP per capita (current US$) 2 339.0 3 281.0 3 399.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2 500.0 3 245.0 3 362.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 15.0 9.7 9.3 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 6.33 6.63 8.14 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –103 –389 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 140 121cd ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 103 104 104 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 103 104 105 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 42.9 43.5 43.6 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 70.8 70.7 70.8 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)e 837 868 879 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 329 358cf ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 22.1 65.7 68.1 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 3.7 11.0 18.1 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)g (% of exports)g (% of imports)g Exports 1 113.3 South Africa 79.8 South Africa 81.3 Imports 1 270.1 Italy 13.8 China 4.0 Balance –156.8 Namibia 2.8 Japan 2.4 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4 Urban population (%) 2012 21.2 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 37.5 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 6.1/4.7 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 97.1 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 48.5/49.7 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 64.6 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.2 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 50.6 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)h mid-2010 40.4/3.4 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 759 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 7.4 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 88.6/94.2 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 49.8 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)i 2008-2010 13.3/69.9 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 13.6 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 32 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 33.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 1 022/0.9 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 359.0f Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 442 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 10.5/22.5 a Mbabane is the administrative capital, Lobamba is the legislative capital. b Official rate. c 2009. d Index base 2007=100. e Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments. f UNSD estimate. g 2007. h Includes refugees. i Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. 188 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 200. 6ZHGHQ Region Northern Europe Currency Swedish Krona (SEK) Surface area (square kilometres) 450 295 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 9 441 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 21.0 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Stockholm (1 385) United Nations membership date 19 November 1946 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 370 580 463 062 539 387 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 3.2 6.6 3.9 GDP per capita (current US$) 41 042.0 49 369.0 57 134.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 41 337.0 50 403.0 58 140.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 17.9 18.0 18.4 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 7.96 6.71 6.89 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 25 057 30 513 37 248 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 108 116 119 Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 93 99 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 94 96 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 94 96 Unemployment (% of labour force)b 7.0c 8.4 7.5 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 22.0defgh 19.9ij ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2.0defgh 2.1ij ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 59.3 59.3 59.4 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 68.1 68.2 68.1 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)k 4 883 4 951 5 006 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 12 975 11 076l ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 163.2 168.5 167.3 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 84.8 90.0 91.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 187 179.0 Germany 9.6 Germany 18.3 Imports 176 000.1 Norway 9.4 Norway 8.4 Balance 11 178.9 United Kingdom 6.8 Denmark 8.2 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.5 Urban population (%) 2012 85.4 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 16.7 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 27.1/23.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 99.5 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 83.7/79.7 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 2.5 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.9 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)m 2006-2010 75.2n International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 1 306.0/14.1 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 115 097 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 7.3 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 99.7/100.6 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 59.4 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.6/1.1 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 44.7 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 36 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 69.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 43 708/4.7 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2 709.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 539 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 3.6/10.0 a Official rate. b Age group 15 to 74 years. c 2006. d Methodology revised. e Excludes conscripts. f Age group 16 to 64 years. g The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. h Data are not strictly comparable with those of previous years. i Age group 16 to 74 years. j European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). k Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments. l 2009. m Age group 18 to 44 years. n 1996. World Statistics Pocketbook 189
  • 201. 6ZLW]HUODQG Region Western Europe Currency Swiss Franc (CHF) Surface area (square kilometres) 41 285 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 7 702 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 186.6 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Bern (353) United Nations membership date 10 September 2002 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 384 755 550 686 660 762 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2.7 3.0 1.9 GDP per capita (current US$) 51 889.0 71 851.0 85 794.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 56 674.0 76 104.0 87 977.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 21.9 19.9 20.4 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 1.31 0.94 0.94 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 53 149 73 446 49 724 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 104 109 109b Industrial production index (2005=100)c 100 117 118 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 99 103 109 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 103 109 Unemployment (% of labour force) ... 4.5 4.0 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 23.7cd 21.1e 21.1e Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 3.8cd 3.3e 3.4e Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 59.4 60.6 60.6 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 75.1 75.4 75.0 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)f 7 229 8 628 8 534 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent)g 4 887 5 648h ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 161.6 189.9 190.9 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 70.1 83.9 85.2 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)g (% of exports)g (% of imports)g Exports 234 819.3 Germany 20.2 Germany 32.3 Imports 208 219.9 United States 10.3 Italy 10.4 Balance 26 599.4 Italy 7.8 France 8.6 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1 Urban population (%) 2012 73.8 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 15.0 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 25.5/21.3 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 96.9 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 84.7/80.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.5 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)i 2006-2010 82.0j International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 1 762.8/23.2 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 67 385 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.6 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 97.6/99.4 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 49.2 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.7/0.8 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 28.5 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 57 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 31.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 41 564/5.4 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent)g 2009 2 567.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres)k 1 086 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum)k 4.9/12.7 a Official rate. b Series linked to former series. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d Official estimates. e European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). f Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments. g Includes Liechtenstein. h 2009. i Age group 20 to 49 years. j 1994-1995. k Zurich. 190 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 202. 6ULDQ $UDE 5HSXEOLF Region Western Asia Currency Syrian Pound (SYP) Surface area (square kilometres) 185 180 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 20 766 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 112.1 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Damascus (2 650) United Nations membership date 24 October 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 28 397 60 465 64 273 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 6.2 3.4 –2.0 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 536.0 2 962.0 3 095.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 1 468.0 2 896.0 3 029.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 23.0 20.8 21.5 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 52.00 46.58 55.26 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 295 –367 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 122 173 ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 89 99 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 92 104 Unemployment (% of labour force) 10.9b 8.6 ... Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)c 28.3d 32.7 32.7 Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)c 19.6d 14.3 14.3 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 16.0 12.9 13.1 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 76.1 71.6 71.6 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)ef 3 571g 8 546 ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 28 521 24 664h ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 31.7 77.8 84.1 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 5.7 20.7 22.5 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)i (% of exports)i (% of imports)i Exports 11 352.9 Iraq 20.2 Turkey 9.5 Imports 17 561.6 Italy 13.4 China 8.8 Balance –6 208.7 Germany 13.0 Italy 7.4 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8 Urban population (%) 2012 56.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 35.4 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 6.6/6.0 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 102.4 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.7/74.5 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 13.8 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.8 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 58.3 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)jk mid-2010 2 205.9/9.8 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 988 275l Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.9 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 88.1/88.8 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.7/4.5 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 12.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 83 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 3.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 65 260/3.3 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 104.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 134 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 8.1/25.3 a UN operational exchange rate. b 2008. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. d 2006. e Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments. f Includes nationals residing abroad. g Excludes Iraqui nationals. h 2009. i 2010. j Data refer to foreign citizens. k Includes refugees. l Refugee figures for Iraqis in the Syrian Arab Republic are government estimates. UNHCR has registered and is assisting 103,200 Iraqis. World Statistics Pocketbook 191
  • 203. 7DMLNLVWDQ Region South-central Asia Currency Somoni (TJS) Surface area (square kilometres) 143 100 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 6 977 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 48.8 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Dushanbe (739) United Nations membership date 2 March 1992 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2 312 5 642 6 523 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 6.7 6.5 7.4 GDP per capita (current US$) 358.0 820.0 935.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 458.0 1 038.0 1 236.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 11.1 24.5 25.7 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 3.20 4.40 4.76 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –19 –383 ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 99 124 131 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 138 145 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 17.9bc ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 55.5bc ... ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 57.1 57.3 57.4 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 73.8 74.8 75.1 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)d 325e 160 183 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 1 547 1 503f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 8.5 91.7 96.1 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 0.3 11.6 13.0 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4 Urban population (%) 2012 26.6 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 36.1 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.5/4.4 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 96.5 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 71.2/64.8 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 51.0 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.2 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 37.1 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 284.3/4.0 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 7 651 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.0 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 88.2/97.3 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 28.9 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.5/2.1 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 19.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 42 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 3.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 2 832/0.4 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 343.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 653 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 8.1/22.0 a Official rate. b 2004. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. e 2008. f 2009. 192 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 204. 7KDLODQG Region South-eastern Asia Currency Baht (THB) Surface area (square kilometres) 513 120 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 69 519 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 135.5 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Bangkok (8 426) United Nations membership date 16 December 1946 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 188 620 341 084 369 709 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 4.2 7.5 0.1 GDP per capita (current US$) 2 828.0 4 934.0 5 318.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2 701.0 4 732.0 5 128.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 27.8 23.6 25.1 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 41.03 30.15 31.69 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –7 647 13 099 11 912 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 112 129 134 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 98 115 122 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 98 117 124 Unemployment (% of labour force) 1.8 1.0 0.7 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)b 20.2c 20.6d 20.7d Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)b 42.6c 38.2d 38.7d Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 65.7 63.8 63.8 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 81.0 80.2 80.0 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 11 567e 15 936 19 230 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 39 651 49 027f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 57.2 113.6 122.8 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 15.0 22.4 23.7 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 228 824.0 China 12.0 Japan 18.5 Imports 228 483.3 Japan 10.5 China 13.4 Balance 340.7 United States 9.6 United Arab Emirates 6.3 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.1 Urban population (%) 2012 34.4 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 19.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 14.7/12.7 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 96.5 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.8/71.1 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 11.4 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 81.1 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)g mid-2010 1 157.3/1.7 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 608 807 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.8 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 84.6/81.8 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 55.7 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 2.3/18.0 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 15.8 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 557 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 37.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 271 499/4.0 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 254.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 498 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 24.1/32.7 a Official rate. b The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. c Third quarter. d Average of quarterly estimates. e Includes arrivals of nationals residing abroad. f 2009. g Includes refugees. World Statistics Pocketbook 193
  • 205. 7KH IRUPHU XJRVODY 5HSXEOLF RI 0DFHGRQLD Region Southern Europe Currency Denar (MKD) Surface area (square kilometres) 25 713 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 2 064 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 80.3 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Skopje (499) United Nations membership date 8 April 1993 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 5 987 9 339 10 165 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 4.4 1.8 3.0 GDP per capita (current US$) 2 937.0 4 532.0 4 925.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2 881.0 4 471.0 4 840.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 21.3 25.5 25.4 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 51.86 46.31 47.53 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –159 –200 –274 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 109 125b ... Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 101 104 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 116 113 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 116 114 Unemployment (% of labour force) 37.2 32.0 31.4 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)c 32.3 31.3d ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)c 19.5 19.7d ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 42.0 42.7 42.9 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 64.0 68.9 68.9 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)e 197 262 327 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 1 983 2 111f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 81.7 124.6 129.4 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 26.5 51.9 56.7 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 4 455.4 Germany 27.9 Germany 10.4 Imports 7 007.3 Serbia 19.6 Russian Federation 9.8 Balance –2 551.9 Bulgaria 6.9 United Kingdom 8.4 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.2 Urban population (%) 2012 59.4 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 17.0 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 19.4/15.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.4 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.1/73.0 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 13.1 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.4 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 13.5g International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)h mid-2010 129.7/6.4 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 2 673 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.5i Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 85.9/85.8 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 52.6 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.5/2.8 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 30.9 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 98 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 39.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 11 333/5.5 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 568.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 504 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 6.0/18.2 a Market rate. b Series linked to former series. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d 2008. e Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments. f 2009. g 2005-2006. h Includes refugees. i 2002. 194 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 206. 7LPRU/HVWH Region South-eastern Asia Currency U.S. Dollar (USD) Surface area (square kilometres) 14 919 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 1 154 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 77.3 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Dili (180) United Nations membership date 27 September 2002 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 1 814 4 130 5 572 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 54.3 –1.5 10.6 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 795.0 3 674.0 4 829.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 837.0 2 817.0 3 335.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 4.7 14.0 11.2 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 541a 1 717 ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 98 121 103 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 98 126 110 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 39.0 38.4 38.4 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 76.1 74.4 74.1 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)b 14a 40 51 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent)c 7 395 7 418d ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 3.5 53.7 53.5 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 0.1 0.2 0.9 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 53.3 China 26.8 Indonesia 28.9 Imports 339.7 Australia 24.6 Finland 20.2 Balance –286.4 United States 20.1 China 17.8 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.9 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.3 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4 Urban population (%) 2012 28.7 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 45.2 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.2/4.5 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 104.0 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 64.2/62.1 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 56.5 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.9 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 22.3 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 13.8/1.2 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 2 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 10.1 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 86.8/89.0 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 40.0 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)e 2008-2010 1.2/12.5 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 38.5 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 19 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 50.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 183/0.2 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 56.0c a 2006. b Air arrivals at Dili Airport. c UNSD estimate. d 2009. e Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. World Statistics Pocketbook 195
  • 207. 7RJR Region Western Africa Currency CFA Franc (XOF) Surface area (square kilometres) 56 785 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 6 155 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 108.4 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Lomé (1 524) United Nations membership date 20 September 1960 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2 110 3 173 3 695 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 1.2 4.0 4.9 GDP per capita (current US$) 390.0 526.0 600.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 383.0 523.0 596.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 16.4 18.0 17.7 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 556.04 490.91 506.96 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –204 –177b ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)c 114 134d 139 Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 124 131 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 97 121 128 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 129 133 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 6.8efg ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 54.1efg ... ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 79.6 80.3 80.4 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 80.9 81.2 81.4 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)h 81 202 300 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 6 8b ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 9.2 44.2 54.4 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 1.8 3.0 3.5 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 865.5 China 12.5 China 18.1 Imports 1 207.7 Burkina Faso 11.5 France 13.4 Balance –342.2 Benin 11.2 Belgium 5.4 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.0 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.3 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2 Urban population (%) 2012 38.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 38.9 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.7/5.0 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 98.1 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 59.4/56.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 67.3 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.9 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 16.8 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)i mid-2010 185.4/2.7 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 19 723 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.6 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)j 2006-2012 69.0/91.8 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 17.0k Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)l 2008-2010 5.2/16.6 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 11.1 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 60 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 5.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 1 484/0.3 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 73.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 877 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 23.1/30.7 a Official rate. b 2009. c Lomé. d Series linked to former series. e 2006. f Core Welfare Indicators Questionnaire (World Bank). g The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. h Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments. i Includes refugees. j UNESCO estimate. k 1998. l Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. 196 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 208. 7RQJD Region Oceania-Polynesia Currency Pa'anga (TOP) Surface area (square kilometres) 747 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 105 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 139.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Nuku'alofa (25) United Nations membership date 14 September 1999 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 264 373 453 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2.4 2.7 4.7 GDP per capita (current US$) 2 617.0 3 587.0 4 335.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2 617.0 3 625.0 4 426.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 21.9 29.6 30.8 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 2.06 1.81 1.73 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –21 –54b ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)c 160 203b ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 99 104 100 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 104 100 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 53.3 53.6 53.6 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 75.2 75.2 75.0 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)d 42 45 ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 43.2 82.0 81.3 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 4.9 16.0 25.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 14.4 Japan 20.8 New Zealand 30.3 Imports 192.9 New Zealand 19.4 Singapore 22.3 Balance –178.5 China, Hong Kong SAR 17.4 United States 12.1 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Urban population (%) 2012 23.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 37.3 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 9.1/6.9 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.4 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 75.4/69.7 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 20.6 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.8 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 0.9/0.8 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 3 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.9e Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 105.5/107.5 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 60.5f Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.7/1.6 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 3.6 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 62 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 13.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 176/1.7 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 561.0g a Official rate. b 2009. c Excludes rent. d Air arrivals. e 2004. f 2003. g UNSD estimate. World Statistics Pocketbook 197
  • 209. 7ULQLGDG DQG 7REDJR Region Caribbean Currency Trinidad and Tobago Dollar (TTD) Surface area (square kilometres) 5 130 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 1 346 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 262.5 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Port of Spain (66) United Nations membership date 18 September 1962 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 15 982 20 352 21 907 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 6.2 2.5 –1.4 GDP per capita (current US$) 12 150.0 15 171.0 16 272.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 11 576.0 15 342.0 16 455.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 28.6 15.3 15.3 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 6.31 6.42 6.42 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 3 881 4 172 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 126 196 206 Industrial production index (2005=100)b 100 159 161 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 96 99 105 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 96 99 105 Unemployment (% of labour force) 8.0 5.9 ... Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)c 31.0 32.2d ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)c 4.3 3.8d ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 54.2 54.6 54.9 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 77.1 78.0 78.3 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)e 463 386 ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 34 428 47 999f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 94.8 163.1 157.3 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 29.0 48.5 55.2 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)g (% of exports)g (% of imports)g Exports 10 981.7 United States 48.1 United States 28.0 Imports 6 479.6 Jamaica 6.5 Gabon 12.9 Balance 4 502.1 Barbados 3.4 Colombia 9.5 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.2 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.0 Urban population (%) 2012 14.0 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 20.5 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 13.0/9.4 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 93.9 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 73.8/66.9 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 24.5 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.6 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 42.5 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 34.4/2.6 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 42 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)h 2006-2012 4.2i Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)h 2006-2012 97.5/96.8 Education: Female third-level students (% of total)h 2006-2012 55.6 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 5.5/72.2 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 28.6 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 56 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 44.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 47 742/35.7 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 16 476.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 408 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 22.0/31.9 a Official rate. b The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. d 2008. e Air arrivals. f 2009. g 2010. h UNESCO estimate. i 2002. 198 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 210. 7XQLVLD Region Northern Africa Currency Tunisian Dinar (TND) Surface area (square kilometres) 163 610 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 10 594 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 64.8 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Tunis (790) United Nations membership date 12 November 1956 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 32 272 44 252 46 332 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 4.0 3.5 –1.5 GDP per capita (current US$) 3 256.0 4 222.0 4 373.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 3 088.0 4 008.0 4 152.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 21.4 24.7 22.3 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 1.36 1.44 1.50 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –299 –2 104 ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 114 139b 144 Industrial production index (2005=100)c 100 120 ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 101 101 111 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 101 101 111 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 32.3 33.0 ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 18.7 17.7 ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 24.3 25.3 25.5 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 68.3 69.7 70.0 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)d 6 378 6 903 4 785 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 5 634 6 553e ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 70.0 118.3 128.4 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 9.7 36.8 39.1 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 17 847.0 France 30.7 France 18.3 Imports 23 952.1 Italy 21.7 Italy 15.8 Balance –6 105.1 Germany 9.1 Germany 7.4 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4 Urban population (%) 2012 66.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 23.1 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 10.8/10.0 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 99.9 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.1/72.6 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 18.4 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.9 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 60.2 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)f mid-2010 33.6/0.3 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 4 657 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.3 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)g 2006-2012 98.7/97.5 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 59.5 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)h 2008-2010 /2.0 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 26.7 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 79 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 6.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 25 135/2.4 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 789.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 466 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 13.3/23.5 a Market rate. b Series linked to former series. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d Excludes nationalsresidingabroad.e2009.fDatarefertoforeigncitizens.gUNESCOestimate.hEstimatesbased, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. World Statistics Pocketbook 199
  • 211. 7XUNH Region Western Asia/Southern Europe Currency Turkish Lira (TRY) Surface area (square kilometres) 783 562 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 73 640 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 94.0 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Ankara (4 194) United Nations membership date 24 October 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 482 986 731 144 774 983 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 8.4 9.2 8.5 GDP per capita (current US$) 7 088.0 10 050.0 10 524.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 7 076.0 10 040.0 10 488.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 21.0 18.9 21.8 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 1.35 1.54 1.89 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –22 309 –46 643 –76 906 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 381b 578 615 Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 116 127 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 101 110 116 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 101 111 118 Unemployment (% of labour force) 10.6 11.9 9.8 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 24.8c 26.2d 26.5d Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 29.5c 23.7d 24.2d Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 23.8 28.1 28.1 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 71.2 71.4 71.4 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 20 273 31 396e 34 038e Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 17 323 23 720f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 91.9 107.2 109.4 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 15.5 39.8 42.1 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 134 915.3 Germany 10.3 Russian Federation 9.9 Imports 240 838.9 Iraq 6.2 Germany 9.5 Balance –105 923.6 United Kingdom 6.0 China 9.0 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –2.3 Urban population (%) 2012 72.5 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 25.7 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 10.4/8.7 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 99.5 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 76.6/72.0 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 19.9 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.0 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 73.0 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)g mid-2010 1 411.0/1.9 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 35 785 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.9 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 88.8/93.5 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 44.4 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 2.0/8.6 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 14.2 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 179 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 15.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 277 618/3.9 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 254.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 383 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 6.0/17.7 aMarketrate.bSerieslinkedtoformerseries.cTheindicesareshownintermsofISICRev.3.dEuropean LabourForceSurvey(Eurostat).eTurkishcitizensresidingabroadareincluded.f2009.gIncludesrefugees. 200 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 212. 7XUNPHQLVWDQ Region South-central Asia Currency Turkmen (new) Manat (TMT)a Surface area (square kilometres) 488 100 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 5 105 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 10.5 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Ashgabat (683) United Nations membership date 2 March 1992 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 13 946 20 001 25 742 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 13.0 9.2 14.7 GDP per capita (current US$) 2 937.0 3 967.0 5 042.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2 733.0 3 591.0 4 565.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 22.9 58.6 46.9 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b ... 2.85 2.85 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 107 122 125 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 106 125 128 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 47.0 46.4 46.4 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 74.8 75.7 76.0 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 12 8c ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 66 956 44 469d ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 10.6 73.7 79.5 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 1.0 3.0 5.0 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6 Urban population (%) 2012 49.0 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 28.5 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 7.2/5.4 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 96.9 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 69.4/61.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 48.8 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.3 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 61.8e International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 207.7/4.0 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 11 059 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 3.3/20.6 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 16.8 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 48 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 9.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 48 123/9.7 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 4 043.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 227 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 10.4/23.2 a Beginning 1 January 2009, 1 new Manat = 5000 old Manat. b UN operational exchange rate. c 2007. d 2009. e 2000. World Statistics Pocketbook 201
  • 213. 7XYDOX Region Oceania-Polynesia Currency Australian Dollar (AUD) Surface area (square kilometres) 26 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 10 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 378.7 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Funafuti (5) United Nations membership date 5 September 2000 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 22 32 37 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) –4.1 –0.5 1.0 GDP per capita (current US$) 2 289.0 3 259.0 3 713.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 3 613.0 4 711.0 5 537.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 62.6 53.6 51.8 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 1.37 0.99 0.99 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 117 125cd ... Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 101 111 104 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 101 111 104 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 1 2 1 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 22.6 28.5 36.4 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) ... 25.0 30.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)e (% of exports) (% of imports)e Imports 26.5 Fiji 23.8 Australia 18.1 New Zealand 17.4 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.6 Urban population (%) 2012 51.0 Population aged 0-14 years (%)f 2012 31.4 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total)f 2012 10.5/7.2 Sex ratio (males per 100 females)f 2012 99.2g Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years)h 2010-2015 65.1/61.7i Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)f 2010-2015 17.3j Fertility rate, total (live births per woman)f 2010-2015 3.7k Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 30.5 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)l mid-2010 0.2/1.5 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)m 2006-2012 96.9/86.3n Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 6.7 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 86 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 33.0 a UN operational exchange rate. b Funafuti. c 2007. d Series linked to former series. e 2008. f Data compiled by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community Demography Programme. g 2011. h Data compiled by the United Nations Demographic Yearbook system. i 1997-2002. j 2006-2008. k 2002-2007. l Data refer to foreign citizens. m National estimate. n 2001. 202 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 214. 8JDQGD Region Eastern Africa Currency Ugandan Shilling (UGX) Surface area (square kilometres) 241 550 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 34 509 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 142.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Kampala (1 659) United Nations membership date 25 October 1962 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 10 040 17 735 19 271 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 10.0 6.3 4.1 GDP per capita (current US$) 353.0 531.0 558.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 344.0 522.0 549.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 21.3 22.1 22.1 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 1 816.86 2 308.30 2 490.99 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –26 –1 859 –2 276 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 124 186 221 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 111 115 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 111 115 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)bc 4.5 6.0d ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)bc 71.6 65.6d ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 77.1 76.2 76.0 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 80.0 79.6 79.5 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 468 946 1 151 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 156 110d ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 4.9 39.4 49.7 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 1.7 12.5 13.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 2 159.1 Sudan 15.2 India 16.5 Imports 5 630.9 Kenya 10.5 Kenya 11.4 Balance –3 471.8 Rwanda 9.0 China 9.3 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 5.7 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.6 Urban population (%) 2012 16.0 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 48.3 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 4.2/3.5 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.1 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 55.4/53.8 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 72.3 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.9 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 23.7 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)e mid-2010 646.6/1.9 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 288 519 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.2 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)f 2006-2012 83.1/84.4 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 21.2 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.0/15.5 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 35.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 169 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 15.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 3 477/0.1 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 36.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 225 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 17.7/27.8 a Principal rate. b The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. c Age group 14 to 64 years. d 2009. e Includes refugees. f UNESCO estimate. World Statistics Pocketbook 203
  • 215. 8NUDLQH Region Eastern Europe Currency Hryvnia (UAH) Surface area (square kilometres) 603 500 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 45 190 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 74.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Kiev (2 829) United Nations membership date 24 October 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 86 142 136 419 165 245 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2.7 4.1 5.2 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 836.0 3 002.0 3 657.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 1 815.0 2 991.0 3 617.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 22.0 18.1 18.9 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 5.05 7.96 7.99 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2 534 –3 016 –8 994 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 147 262b ... Industrial production index (2005=100)c 100 94 101 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 107 129 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 107 129 Unemployment (% of labour force)d 7.2 8.1 7.9 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)cd 24.2 23.4e ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)cd 19.4 15.8e ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 51.7 53.0 53.3 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 65.0 66.2 66.6 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 17 631 21 203 21 415 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 67 304 61 497b ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 88.8 147.1 151.0 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 3.8 23.3 30.6 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 68 393.0 Russian Federation 29.0 Russian Federation 35.3 Imports 82 607.5 Turkey 5.5 Germany 8.3 Balance –14 214.5 Italy 4.4 China 7.6 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.6 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.3 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –1.2 Urban population (%) 2012 69.1 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 14.6 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 25.3/16.1 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 85.1 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 74.6/63.5 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 11.8 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 66.7 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 5 257.5/11.6 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 46 615 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.3 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)f 2006-2012 95.2/96.6 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 53.0 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 2.9/10.1 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 8.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 85 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 17.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 271 953/5.9 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2 236.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 648 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 4.3/11.9 a Official rate. b 2009. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d Age group 15 to 70 years. e 2008. f National estimate. 204 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 216. 8QLWHG $UDE (PLUDWHV Region Western Asia Currency United Arab Emirates Dirham (AED) Surface area (square kilometres) 83 600 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 7 891 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 94.4 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Abu Dhabi (942) United Nations membership date 9 December 1971 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 180 617 283 916 338 690 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 4.9 1.3 4.2 GDP per capita (current US$) 44 385.0 37 797.0 42 921.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 45 094.0 38 839.0 44 204.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 18.4 28.4 27.4 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 3.67 3.67 3.67 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 105 111 118 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 105 111 118 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)b 39.8cd 24.3ef ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)b 4.9cd 4.2ef ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 37.7 43.7 43.5 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 92.4 92.0 92.3 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)gh 7 126 ... ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 179 085 173 711i ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 141.8 165.2 171.8 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 40.0 68.0 70.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports)j (% of imports)j Exports 252 556.0 Imports 210 945.0 Balance 41 611.0 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3 Urban population (%) 2012 84.7 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 16.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 1.2/1.5 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 226.0 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 78.0/76.0 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 6.6 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.7 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 27.5k International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)lm mid-2010 3 293.3/70.0 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 722 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)n 2006-2012 1.1o Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 98.8/96.6 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 59.7 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)p 2008-2010 / Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 17.5 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 49 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 4.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 156 695/22.6 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 9 481.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 89 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 20.2/33.7 a Official rate. b The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. c December. d Population census. e 2008. f February. g Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels only. h Includes domestic tourism and nationals residing abroad. i 2009. j For more information, refer to the technical notes. k 1995. l Data refer to foreign citizens. m Includes refugees. n National estimate. o 2004. p Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. World Statistics Pocketbook 205
  • 217. 8QLWHG .LQJGRP Region Northern Europe Currency Pound Sterling (GBP) Surface area (square kilometres) 242 495a Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 62 417 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 257.4a Capital city and population in 2011 (000) London (9 005) United Nations membership date 24 October 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2 295 843 2 266 094 2 429 184 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2.8 1.8 0.8 GDP per capita (current US$) 38 135.0 36 529.0 38 918.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 38 755.0 36 840.0 39 308.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 16.6 14.9 14.2 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 0.58 0.64 0.65 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –59 410 –75 230 –46 460 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 113 131 138 Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 91 90 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 102 105 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 102 105 Unemployment (% of labour force)c 4.8 7.8 8.0 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)c 22.2de 19.1f 19.1f Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)c 1.3de 1.2f 1.2f Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 55.0 55.5 55.6 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 69.3 68.6 68.5 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 28 039 28 295 29 306 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 194 374 147 423g ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 165.3 184.6 184.0 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 70.0 78.0 82.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 473 757.1 United States 13.2 Germany 12.6 Imports 637 243.4 Germany 11.2 China 8.9 Balance –163 486.3 France 7.9 United States 8.1 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 – Urban population (%) 2012 79.8 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 17.4 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 24.7/21.2 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 97.2 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 82.4/78.3 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4.7 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.9 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)h 2006-2010 84.0 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 6 451.7/10.4 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 208 885 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.6 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 106.3/105.8 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.6 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.8/1.7 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 22.3 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 82 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 12.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 474 191/7.7 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 3 036.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 611 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 7.5/14.4 a Excludes Channel Islands and Isle of Man. b Market rate. c Age group 16 years and over. d Second quarter. e The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. f European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). g 2009. h Age group 16 to 49 years. 206 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 218. 8QLWHG 5HSXEOLF RI 7DQ]DQLD Region Eastern Africa Currency Tanzanian Shilling (TZS) Surface area (square kilometres) 945 087 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 46 218 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 48.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Dodoma (226) United Nations membership date 14 December 1961 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)a 14 142 22 915 23 615 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %)a 7.4 7.0 6.4 GDP per capita (current US$)a 375.0 526.0 526.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$)a 370.0 524.0 524.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)a 24.7 31.5 32.8 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 1 165.51 1 455.15 1 571.73 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –1 570 –2 722 –4 561 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 128 192c 216 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 97 125 131 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 96 126 129 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 4.3ade ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 76.5ade ... ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 88.6 88.3 88.2 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 90.5 90.3 90.3 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 590 754 795 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 534 909f ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 8.0 47.2 55.9 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 4.3 11.0 12.0 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 4 735.0 Switzerland 19.4 India 14.0 Imports 11 184.2 South Africa 18.1 United Arab Emirates 11.1 Balance –6 449.2 China 14.3 Switzerland 9.9 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.8 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4 Urban population (%) 2012 27.2 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 44.9 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.4/4.4 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 99.9 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 60.3/58.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 53.7 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.5 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 34.4 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)g mid-2010 659.2/1.5 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 294 204 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.2 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)h 2006-2012 71.6/73.4 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 45.1 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)i 2008-2010 3.4/45.7 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 36.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 710 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 38.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 6 954/0.2 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 56.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 607 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 16.8/28.8 a Excludes Zanzibar. b Official rate. c Series linked to former series. d 2006. e The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. f 2009. g Includes refugees. h UNESCO estimate. i Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. World Statistics Pocketbook 207
  • 219. 8QLWHG 6WDWHV RI $PHULFD Region Northern America Currency U.S. Dollar (USD) Surface area (square kilometres) 9 629 091 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 313 085 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 32.5 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Washington, D.C. (4 705) United Nations membership date 24 October 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 12 564 300 14 419 400 14 991 300 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 3.1 2.4 1.8 GDP per capita (current US$) 42 330.0 46 457.0 47 882.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 42 977.0 47 056.0 48 585.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 19.5 14.4 14.7 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –745 780 –441 960 –465 920 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)a 113 127 131 Industrial production index (2005=100) 100 95 100 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 106 101 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 107 103 Unemployment (% of labour force)b 5.1 9.6 8.9 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)b 20.6c 16.7d ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)b 1.6c 1.6 ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 58.3 57.5 57.5 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 72.4 70.2 70.1 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 49 206 59 796 62 711 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent)ef 1 455 430 1 524 720g ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 127.6 138.6 153.8 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 68.0 74.0 77.9 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)e (% of exports)e (% of imports)e Exports 1 479 730.0 Canada 19.0 China 18.4 Imports 2 262 586.0 Mexico 13.4 Canada 14.1 Balance –782 855.3 China 7.0 Mexico 11.7 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.6 Urban population (%) 2012 82.7 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 20.1 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 21.0/17.2 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 97.6 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 81.3/76.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 6.5 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.1 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)h 2006-2010 78.6 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)i mid-2010 42 813.3/13.5 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 276 484j Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.4 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 98.8/98.7 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 57.1 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.9/6.6 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)k 2012 17.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 1 203 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 33.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita)ef 2009 5 295 228/17.0 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent)ef 2009 6 486.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 981 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 9.6/19.4 a All urban consumers. b Age group 16 years and over. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d Excludes electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply and water supply. e Includes Puerto Rico and US Virgin Islands. f Includes American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Johnston Atoll, Midway Islands and Wake Island. g 2009. h Age group 15 to 44 years. i Estimates include persons born in other United States territories and American citizens at birth who were born abroad and reside in the United States. j Excludes individuals whose decisions on their asylum claims with the Executive Office for Immigration Review are pending. k The total refers to all voting members of the House. 208 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 220. 8QLWHG 6WDWHV 9LUJLQ ,VODQGV Region Caribbean Currency U.S. Dollar (USD) Surface area (square kilometres) 347 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 109 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 313.7 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Charlotte Amalie (60) Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 98 118 118 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 98 118 118 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 54.3 53.8 53.6 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 75.4 72.5 72.1 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 593 590 536 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 139.0 69.5a ... Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 27.3 36.0b ... Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.3 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.1 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –3.6 Urban population (%) 2012 95.6 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 19.6 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 23.8/21.3 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 89.7 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 82.6/76.5 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 10.0 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.9 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)c 2006-2010 78.4d International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 61.8/56.5 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 37 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 58.0 a Main telephone lines only. b 2009. c Age group 18 to 44 years. d 2002. World Statistics Pocketbook 209
  • 221. 8UXJXD Region South America Currency Uruguayan Peso (UYU) Surface area (square kilometres) 176 215 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 3 380 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 19.2 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Montevideo (1 672) United Nations membership date 18 December 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 17 363 39 412 46 710 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 7.5 8.9 5.7 GDP per capita (current US$) 5 226.0 11 699.0 13 819.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 5 075.0 11 310.0 13 415.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 16.5 18.8 19.0 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 24.10 20.09 19.90 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 24 –863 –1 442 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 162 230 249c Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 101 114 116 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 101 115 117 Unemployment (% of labour force)de 10.9f 6.8gh ... Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)i 21.9dej 21.3 21.1 Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)ik 4.6dej 11.5 10.7 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 52.8 55.4 55.6 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 74.1 76.6 76.5 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 1 808 2 353 2 857 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 575 455l ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 65.0 160.3 169.3 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 20.1 46.4 51.4 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)l (% of exports)lm (% of imports)l Exports 5 385.5 Brazil 20.4 Argentina 23.6 Imports 6 906.7 Brazil 21.1 Balance –1 521.2 China 11.9 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –0.9 Urban population (%) 2012 92.6 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 22.1 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 21.1/15.7 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 93.4 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 80.7/73.7 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 11.8 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.0 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %)n 2006-2010 77.0o International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 79.9/2.4 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 225 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.9 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 103.1/99.0 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 62.5 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 3.2/7.9 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 12.1 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 77 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 10.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 7 885/2.3 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 907.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 101 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 12.4/21.4 a Market rate. b Montevideo. c Series linked to former series. d Urban areas. e Age group 14 years and over. f 2006. g Methodology revised. h Data are not strictly comparable with those of previous years. i The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. j Excludes conscripts. k Includes mining and quarrying. l 2009. m For more information, refer to the technical notes. n Age group 15 to 50 years. o 2004. 210 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 222. 8]EHNLVWDQ Region South-central Asia Currency Uzbekistan Sum (UZS) Surface area (square kilometres) 447 400 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 27 760 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 62.1 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Tashkent (2 227) United Nations membership date 2 March 1992 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 14 396 39 173 45 558 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 7.0 8.5 8.3 GDP per capita (current US$) 555.0 1 427.0 1 641.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 554.0 1 428.0 1 642.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 22.0 26.5 26.7 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 1 177.00 1 640.00 1 791.00 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 127 134 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 99 135 147 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 47.5 47.6 47.7 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 72.5 74.4 74.7 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 242 975 ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 61 736 66 545b ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 9.7 83.2 98.6 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 3.3 20.0 30.2 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1 Urban population (%) 2012 36.2 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 28.5 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 7.2/5.7 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 98.9 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 71.9/65.7 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 44.5 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.3 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 64.9 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 1 175.9/4.2 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 214 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 100.7/103.2 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 38.6 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.6/5.6 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 22.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 54 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 8.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 116 413/4.3 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1 934.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 419 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 8.3/21.0 a UN operational exchange rate. b 2009. World Statistics Pocketbook 211
  • 223. 9DQXDWX Region Oceania-Melanesia Currency Vatu (VUV) Surface area (square kilometres) 12 189 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 246 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 20.2 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Port Vila (47) United Nations membership date 15 September 1981 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 393 683 778 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 5.2 2.2 4.3 GDP per capita (current US$) 1 862.0 2 851.0 3 168.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 1 731.0 2 687.0 2 994.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 19.7 33.0 33.0 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 112.33 93.15 93.56 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –53 –105 –127 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 112 133 134 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 103 107 105 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 103 107 105 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) ... 7.0bcd ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) ... 60.5bcd ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 65.3 61.3 61.3 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 81.6 79.7 79.7 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 62 97 94 Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 9.3 121.1 ... Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 5.1 8.0 ... Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 63.5 Malaysia 20.5 Australia 29.7 Imports 280.6 Philippines 18.1 Singapore 18.2 Balance –217.1 Australia 11.3 New Zealand 12.7 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.6 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.0 Urban population (%) 2012 25.2 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 37.6 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.6/5.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 103.7 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 73.6/69.5 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 24.1 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.8 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 38.4 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 0.8/0.3 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 2 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.2 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 84.2/86.5 Education: Female third-level students (% of total)e 2006-2012 36.1f Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)g 2008-2010 /1.3 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 1.9 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 127 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 36.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 117/0.5 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 172.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2 222 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 21.5/28.2 a Official rate. b Population census. c November. d 2009. e UNESCO estimate. f 2004. g Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. 212 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 224. 9HQH]XHOD %ROLYDULDQ 5HSXEOLF RI
  • 225. Region South America Currency Bolivar Fuerte (VEF)a Surface area (square kilometres) 912 050 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 29 437 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 32.3 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Caracas (3 242) United Nations membership date 15 November 1945 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 145 514 393 808 315 893 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 10.3 –1.5 4.0 GDP per capita (current US$) 5 457.0 13 589.0 10 731.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 5 375.0 13 421.0 10 703.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 20.3 18.7 17.6 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 2.15 2.59 4.29 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 25 053 12 071 27 205 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 255cd 156e 197e Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 101 105 107 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 101 105 108 Unemployment (% of labour force) 12.2 8.5 8.5 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed)f 20.8g 22.1 21.8h Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed)f 9.7g 8.7 8.0h Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 51.5 51.6 52.1 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 81.5 80.2 80.2 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 706 526 595 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 200 168 196 711i ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 60.6 120.7 122.7 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 12.6 37.4 40.2 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports)j (% of imports) Exports 91 338.3 United States 27.9 Imports 36 387.6 China 12.0 Balance 54 950.7 Brazil 8.6 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 –1.6 Urban population (%) 2012 93.7 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 28.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 9.7/8.6 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.6 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.7/71.8 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 15.3 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.4 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 70.3k International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 1 007.4/3.5 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 219 391 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.6 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 94.9/93.1 Education: Female third-level students (% of total)l 2006-2012 62.1 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 4.7/87.6 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 17.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 288 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 52.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 184 644/6.5 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2 514.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 913 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 16.0/30.3 a Beginning 1 January 2008, 1 Bolivar Fuerte = 1000 Bolivares. b Official rate. c Caracas. d Metropolitan areas. e Index base 2008=100. f The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. g Second semester. h Average of bi-annual estimates. i 2009. j For more information, refer to the technical notes. k 1998. l National estimate. World Statistics Pocketbook 213
  • 226. 9LHW 1DP Region South-eastern Asia Currency Dong (VND) Surface area (square kilometres) 330 957 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 88 792 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 268.3 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Hanoi (2 955) United Nations membership date 20 September 1977 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 52 917 106 427 123 600 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 8.4 6.8 5.9 GDP per capita (current US$) 636.0 1 211.0 1 392.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 624.0 1 161.0 1 343.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 32.9 35.6 29.4 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 15 916.00 18 932.00 20 828.00 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –560 –4 276 236 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100)b 126 208 ... Industrial production index (2005=100)c 100 156 167 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 120 127 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 119 125 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 17.4cde ... 21.3f Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 57.9cde ... 48.4f Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 73.5 73.1 73.2 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 81.7 81.1 81.2 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)g 3 477 5 050 6 014 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 51 098 58 316h ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 11.5i 143.4 154.9 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 12.7 30.7 35.1 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$)j (% of exports)j (% of imports)j Exports 72 236.7 United States 19.7 China 23.8 Imports 84 838.6 China 10.7 Republic of Korea 11.5 Balance –12 601.9 Japan 10.7 Japan 10.6 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1 Urban population (%) 2012 31.7 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 23.0 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 10.2/7.7 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 97.9 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.4/73.4 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 18.3 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.8 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 79.5 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)kl mid-2010 69.3/0.1 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 11 211 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.3 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100)m 2006-2012 88.7/86.9 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 49.2 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.5/2.6 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 24.4 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 512 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 44.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 142 141/0.5 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 465.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1 676 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 20.9/27.0 a Market rate. b Series linked to former series. c The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. d 2004. e July. f Average of quarterly estimates. g Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. h 2009. iMobilecellularsubscriptionsonly.j2010.kDatarefertoforeigncitizens.lIncludesrefugees.mUNESCO estimate. 214 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 227. :HVWHUQ 6DKDUD Region Northern Africa Currency Moroccan Dirham (MAD) Surface area (square kilometres) 266 000a Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 548 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 2.1 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) El Aaiún (237) Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)b 9.25 8.36 8.58 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 102 102 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 100 102 102 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.5 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1 Urban population (%) 2012 82.2 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 27.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 4.1/4.7 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 111.8 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 70.1/66.1 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 36.4 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.5 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)c mid-2010 4.4/0.8 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 38 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 3.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 238/0.5 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 154.0d a Comprises the Northern Region (former Saguia el Hamra) and Southern Region (former Rio de Oro). b Official rate. c Estimates. d UNSD estimate. World Statistics Pocketbook 215
  • 228. HPHQ Region Western Asia Currency Yemeni Rial (YER) Surface area (square kilometres) 527 968 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 24 800 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 47.0 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Sana'a (2 419) United Nations membership date 30 September 1947 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 19 041 29 031 31 492 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 5.1 7.8 –10.5 GDP per capita (current US$) 922.0 1 207.0 1 270.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 847.0 1 293.0 1 238.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 18.3 21.5 10.1 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 195.08 213.80 213.80 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 624 –1 725 –1 663 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 174 292b 349 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 98 138 146 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 98 138 147 Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 23.5 24.8 25.2 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 71.1 71.7 72.0 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 336 1 025c ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 20 080 14 988d ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 15.4 50.4 51.4 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 1.1 12.4 14.9 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 6 947.7 China 32.4 United Arab Emirates 10.6 Imports 10 033.6 Thailand 18.3 Saudi Arabia 8.7 Balance –3 085.9 India 13.7 Switzerland 7.5 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.8 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.2 Urban population (%) 2012 32.9 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 43.8 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 4.5/3.7 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 101.3 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 67.7/64.5 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 44.4 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.9 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 27.7 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)e mid-2010 517.9/2.1 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 573 937 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.2 Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 59.6/78.9 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 28.7 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)f 2008-2010 0.6/3.5 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 0.3 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 278 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 1.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 23 977/1.0 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 282.0 a Official rate. b Series linked to former series. c Includes nationals residing abroad. d 2009. e Includes refugees. f Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. 216 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 229. =DPELD Region Eastern Africa Currency Kwacha (ZMK) Surface area (square kilometres) 752 612 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 13 475 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 17.9 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Lusaka (1 802) United Nations membership date 1 December 1964 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 7 271 16 201 19 219 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 5.2 7.1 6.6 GDP per capita (current US$) 634.0 1 238.0 1 426.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 582.0 1 093.0 1 260.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 27.2 21.1 23.4 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 3 508.98 4 796.11 5 117.04 Balance of payments, current account (million US$) –731 915 69 CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 251 420 456 Industrial production index (2005=100)b 100 141 149 Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 100 142 138 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 97 147 142 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 7.1cd ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 72.2cd ... ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 73.8 73.3 73.2 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 86.0 85.7 85.6 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 669 815 ... Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 852 884e ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 9.1 42.5 61.2 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2.9 10.0 11.5 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 9 000.9 Switzerland 48.9 South Africa 35.7 Imports 7 177.8 China 16.7 Dem. Rep. of Congo 18.5 Balance 1 823.1 South Africa 9.3 China 9.8 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.1 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.2 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.3 Urban population (%) 2012 39.6 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 46.7 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.1/4.1 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.6 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 50.0/49.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 81.0 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 6.3 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 40.8 International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)f mid-2010 233.1/1.8 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 46 653 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 1.4 Education: Female third-level students (% of total)g 2006-2012 31.6h Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.8/3.0 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 11.5 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 70 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 67.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 1 982/0.2 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 112.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 843 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 14.9/26.4 a Official rate. b The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. c November to December. d The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. e 2009. f Includes refugees. g UNESCO estimate. h 2000. World Statistics Pocketbook 217
  • 230. =LPEDEZH Region Eastern Africa Surface area (square kilometres) 390 757 Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 12 754 Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 32.6 Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Harare (1 542) United Nations membership date 25 August 1980 Economic indicators 2005 2010 2011 GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 6 223 7 433 8 865 GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) –4.1 9.6 10.3 GDP per capita (current US$) 495.0 591.0 695.0 GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 487.0 585.0 679.0 Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2.0 14.0 23.3 Exchange rates (national currency per US$)a 80.77 ... ... CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 100bcd 103e 107e Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 93 96 105 Food production index (2004-2006=100) 91 95 100 Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 9.3fghi ... ... Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 64.8fgh ... ... Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 83.1 82.9 83.0 Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 90.1 89.5 89.5 Tourist arrivals at national borders (000)j 1 559 2 239 2 423 Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2 836 2 294k ... Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 7.8 64.3 74.9 Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 8.0 11.5 15.7 Total trade Major trading partners 2011 (million US$) (% of exports) (% of imports) Exports 3 512.1 South Africa 67.2 South Africa 56.2 Imports 8 599.3 United Arab Emirates 5.9 Kuwait 9.3 Balance –5 087.2 China 5.3 United States 6.9 Social indicators Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.2 Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.4 Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3 Urban population (%) 2012 39.1 Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 37.6 Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 6.8/5.2 Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 97.6 Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 52.7/54.0 Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 47.3 Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.1 Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 60.2l International migrant stock (000 and % of total population)m mid-2010 372.3/2.9 Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 59 675 Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.5 Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 43.7 Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000)n 2008-2010 4.3/24.5 Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 15.0 Environmental indicators Threatened species 2012 57 Forested area (% of land area) 2010 40.0 CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 8 907/0.7 Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 261.0 Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 841 Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 12.3/25.5 a Official rate. b Annual average is calculated as geometric mean of monthly indices. c Series replacing former series. d Index base 2005=100. e Index base 2009=100. f 2004. g June. h The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. i Excludes electricity, gas and water supply. j Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. k 2009. l 2005-2006. m Includes refugees. n Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region. 218 World Statistics Pocketbook
  • 231. Technical notes World Statistics Pocketbook 219 Below are brief descriptions of the indicators presented in the country profiles. The terms are arranged in alphabetical order. Numbers in square brackets refer to the primary sources of the data which are listed in the Statistical sources and references section. Agricultural production index: The indices are calculated by the Laspeyres formula based on the sum of price-weighted quantities of different agricultural commodities produced. The commodities covered in the computation of indices of agricultural production are all crops and livestock products originating in each country. Practically all products are covered, with the main exception of fodder crops. Production quantities of each commodity are weighted by the average international commodity prices in the base period and summed for each year. To obtain the index, the aggregate for a given year is divided by the average aggregate for the base period 2004-2006. Indices are calculated without any deductions for feed and seed and are referred to as “gross” by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Source of the data: FAOSTAT database [2] of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, available at http://faostat.fao.org/site/612/default.aspx#ancor (16 January 2013 update). Balance of payments is a statement summarizing the economic transactions between the residents of a country and nonresidents during a specific period, usually a year. It includes transactions in goods, services, income, transfers and financial assets and liabilities. Generally, the balance of payments is divided into two major components: the current account and the capital and financial account. The data on balance of payments presented in the World Statistics Pocketbook correspond to the current account category. The current account is a record of all transactions in the balance of payments covering the exports and imports of goods and services, payments of income, and current transfers between residents of a country and nonresidents. Source of the data: International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics (IFS) database [6], (last accessed 15 October 2012). Capital city: The designation of any specific city as a capital city is done solely on the basis of the designation as reported by the country or area. The city can be the seat of the government as determined by the country. Some countries designate more than one city to be a capital city with a specific title function (e.g., administrative and/or legislative capital). The data refer to the year 2011. Source of the data: The United Nations Population Division, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2011 Revision [13], available at http://esa.un.org/unpd/wup/CD- ROM/WUP2011-F13-Capital_Cities.xls (last accessed 24 April 2012).
  • 232. Technical notes (continued) 220 World Statistics Pocketbook CO2 emission estimates represent the volume of CO2 (carbon dioxide) produced during the combustion of solid, liquid, and gaseous fuels, and from gas flaring and the manufacture of cement. Original data were converted to CO2 emissions by using the conversion formula: 1 gram Carbon = 3.664 grams CO2 , as per http://cdiac.ornl.gov/pns/convert.html#3. Source of the data: Global, Regional, and National Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions, Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center [1], available at http://cdiac.ornl.gov/ ftp/ ndp030/CSV-FILES/nation.1751_2009.csv (last accessed 9 October 2012). Contraceptive prevalence refers to the percentage of women married or in-union aged 15 to 49 who are currently using, or whose sexual partner is using at least one method of contraception, regardless of the method used. Contraceptive methods include modern methods such as sterilization, oral hormonal pills, intra-uterine devices, condoms, injectables, implants, vaginal barrier methods and emergency contraception and traditional methods such as the rhythm, withdrawal, lactational amenorrhea method and folk methods. The data contain the most recent estimates of contraceptive prevalence between the years 2006 and 2010. Source of the data: The Social Indicators website of the Demographic and Social Statistics Branch of the United Nations Statistics Division at http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/socind/Dec.%202012/2d.xls [15] (December 2012 update). CPI: Consumer price index measures changes over time in the general level of prices of goods and services that a reference population acquires, uses or pays for consumption. A consumer price index is estimated as a series of summary measures of the period-to-period proportional change in the prices of a fixed set of consumer goods and services of constant quantity and characteristics, acquired, used or paid for by the reference population. Each summary measure is constructed as a weighted average of a large number of elementary aggregate indices. Each of the elementary aggregate indices is estimated using a sample of prices for a defined set of goods and services obtained in, or by residents of, a specific region from a given set of outlets or other sources of consumption goods and services. Unless otherwise noted, the indices here generally refer to “all items” and to the country as a whole. Source of the data: LABORSTA Internet [5], an International Labour Organization database, Table: B9 Consumer prices, general indices, at http://laborsta.ilo.org (last accessed 15 October 2012). Currency refers to those notes and coins in circulation that are commonly used to make payments. The official currency names and the ISO currency codes are those officially in use, and may be subject to change. Source of the information: United Nations Treasury’s [22] website at http://www.un.org/Depts/treasury/ as of 1 October 2012.
  • 233. Technical notes (continued) World Statistics Pocketbook 221 Education: Female third-level students: The number of female students at the third-level of education is expressed as a percentage of the total number of students (males and females) at the same level in a given school year. Third-level education is that which is provided at university, teachers’ college, higher professional school, and which requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the second level, or evidence of the attainment of an equivalent level of knowledge. Unless otherwise indicated, the data refer to the latest available year between 2006 and 2012. Source of the data: the website of the UNESCO Institute of Statistics [9], Table 14: Tertiary indicators, available at http://stats.uis.unesco.org/unesco/TableViewer/ tableView.aspx?ReportId=167 (November 2012 release). Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP): Unless otherwise indicated, the data refer to the latest available year between 2006 and 2012. They show the trends in general government expenditures for educational affairs and services at pre-primary, primary, secondary and tertiary levels and subsidiary services to education, expressed as a percentage of the gross domestic product. Source of the data: the website of UNESCO Institute for Statistics [9], Table 19: Finance indicators by ISCED level, available at http://stats.uis.unesco.org/unesco/ TableViewer/tableView.aspx?ReportId=172 (November 2012 release). Education: Primary and secondary gross enrolment ratio is the total enrolment in first and second levels of education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the eligible official school-age population corresponding to the same level of education in a given school year. Education at the first level provides the basic elements of education (e.g. at elementary school or primary school). Education at the second level is provided at middle school, secondary school, high school, teacher-training school at this level and schools of a vocational or technical nature. Enrolment is at the beginning of the school or academic year. The gross enrolment ratio at the first and second level should include all pupils whatever their ages, whereas the population is limited to the range of official school ages. Therefore, for countries with almost universal education among the school-age population, the gross enrolment ratio will exceed 100 if the actual age distribution of pupils extends beyond the official school ages. Unless otherwise indicated, the data refer to the latest available year between 2006 and 2012. Source of the data: The website of the UNESCO Institute of Statistics [9], Table 5: Enrolment ratios by ISCED level, available at http://stats.uis.unesco.org/unesco/ TableViewer/tableView.aspx?ReportId=182 (November 2012 release). Employment in agricultural and in industrial sectors: The “employed” comprise all persons above a specified age who, during a specified brief period, either one week or one day, were in paid employment” or in self-employment” as defined below. Persons in paid employment” comprise all persons in the following categories: (a) at work: persons who during the reference period performed some work for wages,
  • 234. Technical notes (continued) 222 World Statistics Pocketbook salary or related payments, in cash or in kind; or (b) with a job but not at work: persons who, having already worked in their present job, were absent during the reference period and continued to have a strong attachment to their job. Persons in self-employment” comprise all persons (a) at work: persons who during the reference period performed some work for profit or family gain, in cash or in kind; or (b) with an enterprise but not at work: persons with an enterprise, which may be a business enterprise, a farm or a service undertaking, who were temporarily not at work during the reference period for any specific reason. Employers, own-account workers and members of producers' co-operatives should be considered as in self-employment and should be classified as at work” or not at work”, as the case may be. (See ILO’s Current International Recommendations on Labour Statistics). Unless otherwise indicated, the data refer to the 15 years and over age group who perform any work at all in the reference period, for pay or profit in industry (mining, manufacturing, electricity, gas and water and construction) and in agriculture. Agriculture comprises the following divisions of the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC), Rev. 4: crop and animal production, hunting and related service activities, forestry and lodging, and fishing and aquaculture. Data sources include the World Bank’s Core Welfare Indicators Questionnaire, Eurostat’s European Labour Force Survey, household income and expenditure surveys, hou