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Assessment on Water and the MDGs
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Assessment on Water and the MDGs

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As the MDGs are aimed at the mitigation of POVERTY, WATER must play a critical role in the achievement of the MDGs. …

As the MDGs are aimed at the mitigation of POVERTY, WATER must play a critical role in the achievement of the MDGs.

In order to gain a clearer picture of this widely acknowledged assumption, an assessment was conducted to measure the degree to which the solution to water-related problems impacts positively on the achievement of the overall MDGs. The results of the assessment were presented by Board Chairman and Japan Water Forum President, Mr. Ryutaro Hashimoto, at the 3rd Meeting of the Board in Rome as a foundation for future discussion.


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  • 1. Total Contribution of Water Goal 1 Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Outbreak of# Halve, between 1990 and 2015,the proportion of people whose poverty and hunger Outbreak of poverty 27 % 9.3 % 12.3 %income is less than $1 a day# Halve, between 1990 and 2015, Proportion of people in poverty 21%(2001) Proportion of people in Outbreak of hunger 36 % 7.8 % 14 % 12.4 %the proportion of people who hunger 17%(2001)suffer from hunger Goal 2 Achieve universal primary education Insufficient diffusion of primary No chance to be educated because of illness or injury 38 % 13.9 % 7.2 % 14.9 %# Ensure that, by 2015, children education No time to go to school 33 % 33.3 %everywhere, boys and girls alike,will be able to complete a fullcourse of primary schooling School enrolment ratio 83% (2001/02) No chance to be educated 13 % 8.3 % Goal 3 Promote gender equality and empower women Gender disparity Less education of girls 14 % 11.5 % Girls school enrolment ratios in relation to boys# Eliminate gender disparity inprimary and secondary education,preferably by 2005, and in all Primary 92% (2001/02) Junior&High 89% (2001/02) Obstacles special to women for receiving education 25 % 25.0 %levels of education no later than 2015 Goal 4 Get ill 30 % 18.4 % Reduce child mortality Deaths of many children Get injured 33 % 33.3 %# Reduce by two-thirds, between1990 and 2015, the under-fivemortality rate Under-five mortality rate 8.8% (2003) Undernourishment 20 % 10.0 % Insufficient medical treatment 30 % 20.0 % 10.0 %
  • 2. Goal 5 Improve maternal health# Reduce by three-quarters, Deaths of many pregnant/ Unsafe childbirth 38 % 25.0 % 12.5 %between 1990 and 2015, parturient womenthe maternal mortality ratio Number of deaths at birth 450 in 10 million (2000) Poor maternal health 51 % 17.7 % 24.1 % 8.1 % Goal 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases Prevalence of diseases Less resistance against diseases 32 % 18.4 % 8.0 %# Have halted by 2015 and HIV:4.9 million Malaria:350∼500 million 19 %begun to reverse the spreadof HIV/AIDS (2004) Prolonged diseases 12.5 % 6.3 %# Have halted by 2015 and begunto reverse the incidence of malariaand other major diseases Goal 7 Ensure environmental sustainability Deforestation Drinking water# Integrate the principles of sustainable development into countrypolicies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental coverage 77%(1990), 83%(2002) No basic sanitary facilities 100 % 100 % 100 %resources# Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people Sanitation No safe water to drink 100 %without sustainable access to safe drinkingwater and sanitation coverage# By 2020, to have achieved a significant 49%(1990), 58%(2002) No choice but to live in the slumsimprovement in the lives of at least 100million slum dwellers Unfair trading systems Goal 8 High tariffs/taxes on goods Develop a Global Partnership for Unsustainable Development growth and Insufficient development aid # Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, development Heavy burden of external debt non-discriminatory trading and financial system of developing # Address the Special Needs of the Least Developed Countries countries Unrest due to youth employment # Address the Special Needs of landlocked counties and small island developing States High cost of medicines ・・・ Digital divide
  • 3. Millennium Development Goals Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger No water treatment ◎Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion HIV No water treatment of people whose income is less than one dollar a day Diarrhea Drinking contaminated water ◎Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger No water treatment No water treatment Washing hands in dirty water Unable to work due to disease or injury Washing dishes in dirty water Insufficient agricultural production No water Unable to work No time to work Caring ill familyCauses for poverty and hunger Malaria No water Takes time to draw water No water Insufficient agricultural Poverty Malnutrition production No water No water treatment Others No job Inability Economic stagnation Poor sales Nothing to sell No market Unable to eat because of illness Insufficient agricultural production No water No foods Hunger No water
  • 4. Millennium Development Goals No water treatment Achieve universal primary education HIV No water treatment ◎Ensure that, by 2015, children Drinking contaminated Diarrhea everywhere, boys and girls alike, water will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling No water treatment No water treatment Washing hands in dirty water Washing dishes in dirty waterCauses for insufficient diffusion of primary education Insufficient agricultural No water No chance to be educated production because of illness or injury Disease Malaria No water No water Insufficient agricultural Malnutrition production No water No water treatment Others Injury Hard work like carring water Unexpected accident Other factors No time to go to school Caring ill family Taking time to draw water No teacher Other factors No water No good school No toilet No chance to be No school nearby educated Other factors No understanding of parents No money
  • 5. Millennium Development Goals Promote gender equality and No water treatment HIV empower women No water treatment ◎Eliminate gender disparity in primary Drinking contaminated Diarrhea and secondary education, preferably water by 2005, and to all levels of education no later than 2015 No water treatment No water treatment Washing hands in dirty water Washing dishes in dirty water Insufficient agricultural No water production Less education of Forced to do hard work women like carrying water No time to go to school Caring ill family MalariaCause for gender inequality No water Takes time to draw water Other factors No chance to be No school nearby educated No understanding No water of parents No money Insufficient agricultural Malnutrition production No water No water treatment Others Obstacles specific to women for Insufficient public receiving education security No safety for women No toilet facility Spending hours by herself
  • 6. Millennium Development Goals Reduce child mortality ◎Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate No water treatment HIV No water treatment Drinking contaminated Diarrhea water No water treatment No water treatment Washing hands in dirty water Washing dishes in dirty water Insufficient agricultural production No waterCauses for infant death Disease Malaria No water No water Insufficient agricultural Malnutrition production No water No water treatment Others Hard work like Injury drawing water Unexpected Accident Other factors No water Insufficient agricultural Malnutrition production No money Located at distant place No water No medical facility or hospital No breast milk Poor maternal health No doctor No clean water for medical Insufficient medical No time treatment treatment Unable to go to medical No money facility
  • 7. No medical facility or Located at distant place hospital Unsafe childbirth No obstetrician Unable to go to medical No time facilities Millennium Development Goals No clean water for childbirth No money No water Improve maternal health Insufficient agricultural ◎Reduce by three-quarters, production between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio No water Malnutrition Insufficient rest Takes time to draw No nearby site to draw water water No water treatment Enforced to do hard work Illness before pregnancy Living in unsanitary (including HIV) water environment No medical facility or hospital Located at distant place No doctorCauses for maternal death Unable to go to medical No time facilities No clean water for Poor maternal health No money medical treatment No water treatment No water treatment Drinking contaminated Diarrhea water Less resistance in No water treatment pregnancy No water treatment Washing hands in dirty water Washing dishes in dirty water Insufficient agricultural No water production Malaria No water No water Insufficient agricultural Malnutrition production No water No water treatment Others
  • 8. Millennium Development Goals No water treatment No water treatment Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases HIV ◎Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse Drinking contaminated the spread of HIV/AIDS Diarrhea water ◎Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria No water treatment and other major diseases No water treatment Washing hands in dirty water Washing dishes in dirty water Insufficient agricultural production Less resistance against diseasesCauses for prevalent diseases Malaria Insufficient agricultural Malnutrition production No water No water treatment Others Prolonged diseases No treatment No knowledge No money Located at distant place Unable to receive No medical facility or medical treatment hospital No doctor No clean water for medical treatment

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