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DESA News is an insider's look at the United Nations in the area of economic and social development policy. The newsletter is produced by the Communications and Information Management Service of the ...

DESA News is an insider's look at the United Nations in the area of economic and social development policy. The newsletter is produced by the Communications and Information Management Service of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs in collaboration with DESA Divisions. DESA News is issued every month.

For more information: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/newsletter/desanews/index.html

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    DESA News, May 2013 DESA News, May 2013 Document Transcript

    • UN Home | UN DESA Home May 2013, Vol. 17, No. 5Protecting the rights of indigenous peoples| Committee to decide on large number of NGO applications| Financing forsustainable development beyond 2015Global dialogue on development: Exploring ‘triple win’ approaches to sustainable development, Designing sustainabledevelopment goals, ECOSOC addresses international tax cooperationTrends and analysis: Youth encouraged to start innovating, Discussing impact of extractive industry on tax policies, Implementingthe System of National AccountsCapacity development: Classifying products and economic activities, Scaling up efforts for SNA implementation, Improving skillsin tax treaty administrationPublications and websites | Comings and goings | CalendarFeature ArticlesProtecting the rights of indigenouspeoplesThere are over 370 million indigenous peoples living in 90ghts,countries across the globe. Protecting and advancing their rihave been at the heart of Tonya Gonnella Frichner’s mission foralmost three decades, serving as an attorney and former memberof the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues. In DESA Newsshe shares past gains and hopes for the future.With the upcoming 12th Session of the United NationsPermanent Forum on Indigenous Issues taking place on 20-31May, and with the world conference more than a year away,DESA News got an exclusive opportunity to meet with Ms.Tonya Gonnella Frichner.Ms. Gonnella Frichner has an impressive track record, workingas an attorney since 1987 to secure the rights of indigenouspeoples worldwide. She is the President and Founder of theAmerican Indian Law Alliance and comes from the OnondagaNation, Snipe Clan, based in Syracuse about 250 miles North-West of New York City.During the past 20 years, she has sought to make the voices ofindigenous peoples heard at some of the major UN Conferences.She also paved the way for the establishment of the UNPermanent Forum on Indigenous Issues in 2000 and the adoptionof the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in2007. From 2008 until 2010, Ms. Gonnella Frichner served as amember of the Permanent Forum on Indigenous issues and shewas its North-American Regional Representative.Long history of involvement“I began my work in 1987, after I finished law school and it wasthe Iroquis Confederacy, the Haudenosaunee, that brought mealong and mentored me and who took me to my first meeting atthe UN in Geneva,” Ms. Gonnella Frichner said. “TheHaudenosaunee have been doing this work for many, manyyears,” she added, sharing that it was in 1923, when a CayugaChief was sent to Geneva for the first time to discuss thesituation on his territory.Ms. Gonnella Frichner described the importance of the nation-to-nation relationship that had been established early on by her
    • www.un.org/desa May 2013, Vol. 17, No. 5DESA News | Newsletter of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs 2community, as European settlers started to arrive at their shores.“Thats when our treaties were established, our diplomacy,” shesaid. For her community, it was a natural step seeking justice at theUnited Nations. “In 1977 our people understood that there was aUniversal Declaration of Human Rights, but were confused as towhy it did not apply to indigenous peoples,” she explained.In 1992, she was involved in the first Earth Summit and she sawthe surge in interest and participation of civil society. “Civilsociety should have a voice, and should be speaking withgovernments and should be holding them accountable on differentlevels,” she said, also pointing to the fact that indigenous peopleshave taken a leading role in seeing civil society more involved atthe UN.Paving the way for UN DeclarationMs. Gonnella Frichner also depicted the 14-year-long process thatfinally led to the creation and adoption of the UN Declaration onthe Rights of Indigenous Peoples in 2007. “There were difficultiesalong the way, especially around the right to self determination,”she said. Getting the language right and reaching consensus alsofor the wording around the right to free, prior and informedconsent, also involved a lot of work. “The article within thedeclaration that I am very proud of is the one protecting ourtreaties, agreements and other arrangements,” she added.The UN Declaration is a milestone for Ms. Gonnella Frichner’sown Nation and she underscored the importance of its realization.“What our people would like to see is this declaration beingimplemented on a local and national level,” she added.The need for a broader and more encompassing forum later led theway to the creation of the UN Permanent Forum on IndigenousIssues and for three years Ms. Gonnella Frichner served as itsmember. “I was assigned to write a preliminary study on theDoctrine of Discovery and its affect on indigenous peoples,” shesaid. This Doctrine has throughout history led state actors to asserta sovereign dominant authority over indigenous peoples, ultimatelyresulting in the violation of their human rights. In 2012, thePermanent Forum addressed this issue as the main theme for its11th session.Critical matters for upcoming events and beyondThere are many important items on the agenda for the upcoming12th Session of the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues to beheld on 20-31 May. The implementation of the UN Declaration,education, health and culture – these are some of the topics athand. There will also be a discussion on the World Conference onIndigenous Peoples which will be held at UN Headquarters inSeptember next year."My hope is that it will continue its excellent work," said Ms.Gonnella Frichner, describing the Forums important roleaddressing a number of issues related to social and economicdevelopment. "If we look at health, the statistics are very, veryhigh against us and it has been agreed to that indigenous peoplesare the most marginalized in the world and the most vulnerable.Whether suffering from diabetes or tuberculosis, the list goes onand on," she said, adding that these statistics basically are thesame in developing and developed countries.“Education, the statistics are the same. Governments need toprovide situations where education as a human right, is availableto indigenous peoples. Education is important but including ourlife ways and our languages must be attached to that as well,”she said.Ms. Gonnella Frichner also underscored the vital role of cultureand the need for it to be part of the domestic policies ofgovernments. “When I think of culture I think of being in a roomwith 2,000 indigenous peoples all speaking different languages,”she said smiling. “But when we are together, in our meetings, weare speaking one language,” she added. “Our relationship tomother Earth is identical throughout indigenous communities.”When talking about next year’s world conference, Ms. GonnellaFrichner expressed hope that the participation of indigenouspeoples will be at a high-level, pointing to the strongcommitment for this event shown by the past and currentPresident of the General Assembly. Indigenous delegates willalso gather for a meeting in Alta, Norway this June to look at theissues at hand and to draft a unified statement for the worldconference.Addressing poverty at core of prioritiesWhen we discussed the development agenda beyond 2015 andsome of the most important priorities, Ms. Gonnella Frichneremphasized the issue of poverty. “Poverty is the overarchingtheme if you will, that affects indigenous peoples when it comesto health, education, our youth, our women. It affects everythingacross the board.” She also underscored the need for an inclusiveprocess, ensuring indigenous peoples participation.“Development in indigenous communities must be applied withthe Declaration in mind,” she said, explaining the importance ofusing it as a framework to look at development, poverty and itsaffect on all Indigenous peoples within different regions. “Itmust be applied, seriously, not only on a local, national, butinternational level,” she said.Involvement of future generations keyPlaying a crucial part in world matters is today’s youth, whichmakes up for about 40 per cent of the global population, with 67million of them representing the indigenous youth community.“We have seen indigenous youth take on a very strong role andmake very strong statements,” Ms. Gonnella Frichner said,highlighting that one of their main concerns relates to climatechange and global warming.“This world is going to be left to them, they are our futureleaders, so our responsibility is to mentor those future leaders,and to bring them into the discussions,” she said. “And that’s notjust for indigenous youth, that’s for all youth throughout theworld,” she added. “As we say from the community that I’m
    • www.un.org/desa May 2013, Vol. 17, No. 5from, the Haudenosaunee, when our leaders sit in deliberation,when they are in counsel, their decisions are going to be made withthe 7th generation in mind,” she explained.Ms. Gonnella Frichner underscored the importance of this kind ofapproach. “So that we don’t stick with a quick fix, or somethingthat will only last for 15 years. No it must be until that seventhgeneration has arrived. The world needs to be intact for them whenthey arrive and are here to take on the challenges of this world,”she concluded encouragingly.Watch the video interview with Ms. Tonya Gonnella FrichnerFor more information:The United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous IssuesThe 12th Session of the Permanent Forum on Indigenous IssuesThe UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous PeoplesOnondaga Nation siteAmerican Indian Law Alliance siteCommittee to decide on largenumber of NGO applicationsThe 2013 regular session of the Committee on NGOs was heldearlier this year and saw a record number of applications fromNGOs seeking consultative status with the Economic and SocialCouncil (ECOSOC). On 20-29 May, and on 7 June, the Committeewill resume its session and make decisions about which NGOs toaccept for general, special or roster consultative status.As the Committee concluded its first session of the year on 8February, 159 NGOs were recommended to be grantedconsultative status. The Committee will revisit thisrecommendation and also review the applications of a total of 246new and 180 deferred applications by NGOs at the upcomingsession.Navid Hanif, Director of the Office for Economic and SocialCouncil Support and Coordination in DESA, said the number ofNGO applications had never been higher. More than 600 ofthem, from all over the world, were submitted this year, which isdouble the number compared to last year.NGOs play vital role for reaching development goalsMr. Hanif also underscored the crucial role of NGOs and civilsociety in reaching the Millennium Development Goals and inhelping to design Sustainable Development Goals, as well as apost-2015 development agenda. “The concerns of everyone, notleast the world’s poor and marginalized, must be heard loud andclear,” Navid Hanif said. “Civil society is well placed to achievethis,” he added.Established as a standing committee of ECOSOC in 1946, theCommittee reports directly to the Council. Comprised of 19members elected on the basis of geographical representation, theCommittee on Non-Governmental Organizations decides aboutthe general, special or roster consultative status on the basis ofan applicant’s mandate, governance and financials, among othercriteria. Once accredited, NGOs can attend meetings of theEconomic and Social Council (ECOSOC) and enjoy differentlevels of benefits, depending on their status.Organizations enjoying general and special status can attendCouncil meetings and make oral statements, or circulate writtenstatements. In addition, those with general status mayrecommend items for the Council’s provisional agenda. Rosterstatus organizations can attend meetings, but submit statementsonly if requested by the Council or Secretary-General. Groupswith general and special status must also submit a report everyfour years, which is also analyzed by the Committee. There arecurrently more than 3700 organizations with ECOSOCconsultative status.“The Committee’s work is seen as essential by many NGOs asECOSOC consultative status provides important benefits, suchas automatic accreditation to many intergovenmental meetings,as well as year-round access to the UN conference facilities inGeneva, Vienna and New York,” Navid Hanif said.Wide range of work carried out across the globeWhile the majority of applications still originate from Europeand North America, an increasing number of applications isbeing received from what is known as the developing world.This is a reflection of the clear trend towards globalization ofcivil society and, as the application process is entirely online,increased access to the Internet globally.Most of the organizations now seeking consultative status workdirectly with social and economic issues. Representing allcorners of the world, they operate focusing on sustainabledevelopment, improving living conditions and reducing povertyin rural areas, reaching educational equality, addressing racismand fighting HIV/AIDS. They also support health and socialworkers, promote women and girl’s rights, protect naturalresources and biodiversity and foster civil society partnershipsfor development as well as the participation of youth.DESA News | Newsletter of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs 3
    • www.un.org/desa May 2013, Vol. 17, No. 5For more information:DESA’s NGO BranchCivil society databaseFinancing for sustainabledevelopment beyond 2015While the world economy struggles to recover, the challenges andemerging issues of the global slowdown have affected developedand developing countries alike. With a focus to address thesepressing issues, UN ECOSOC, the Bretton Woods institutions, theWorld Trade Organization (WTO) and the UN Conference onTrade and Development (UNCTAD) held a special high-levelmeeting on 22 April.Taking place in the wake of the global economic crisis, the high-level event focused on ‘Coherence, coordination and cooperationin the context of financing for sustainable development and thepost-2015 development agenda’. The meeting was addressed bySecretary-General Ban Ki-moon, who inaugurated the newlyrenovated Economic and Social Council Chamber, saying, “let ususe this new room for dynamic actions that will have an impact farbeyond its walls to help suffering people. Together, we can makeour world more just and equitable – and that will make it morepeaceful.”In his opening remarks, ECOSOC President Néstor Osorio calledfor greater coordination between the United Nations and theBretton Woods institutions to achieve poverty reduction, tradegrowth and job creation. Mr. Osorio also stated that given thecurrent high unemployment, geopolitical tensions and thepossibility of a climate shock, there was a need for “more forcefuland concerted policy actions at both national and internationallevels to mitigate major risks and ensure a stronger and sustainedeconomic recovery.”The Deputy Secretary-General called upon ECOSOC to play acrucial role in promoting dialogue among Member States on thepost-2015 development agenda, including the issue of financingfor sustainable development.World economic outlook and pursuit of MDGsAs reported in the World Economic Situation and Prospects(WESP) 2013, released by DESA’s Division for DevelopmentPolicy and Analysis earlier this year, the world economy is stillstruggling to recuperate. Growth of world gross domesticproduct (GDP) is forecast to reach 2.4 per cent in 2013,constituting only a slight improvement from the estimatedgrowth of 2.2 per cent in 2012, when the world economy saw arenewed slowdown synchronized across countries at every levelof development. This economic downturn has affected the workof sustainable development projects, particularly the pace inreaching the MDG goals.Since 2000, the MDG framework has helped galvanizeinternational efforts towards the implementation ofinternationally agreed development goals. The implementationof the MDGs, and particularly MDG 8 on global partnerships fordevelopment, gained additional momentum with the outcome ofthe International Conference on Financing for Development,held in Monterrey, Mexico, in March 2002, which engenderedimmediate gains for financing the MDGs, particularly withregards to official development assistance.During the event, the ECOSOC President also highlighted theimportance of a “renewed global partnership” beyond 2015,calling for a new development agenda to be “more structural,inclusive and systematic.”Strategies to effectively finance sustainable developmentClear and practical measures for implementing sustainabledevelopment progress were established to better inform policydecisions. The Rio+20 Conference recognized the need forsignificant mobilization of resources to promote all three pillarsof sustainable development. For this purpose, governmentsagreed to establish an intergovernmental committee of experts topropose options for an effective sustainable developmentfinancing strategy. A dedicated working group under the UNSystem Task Team on the post-2015 development agenda wasestablished with the objective of mobilizing inputs from the UNsystem in support of the committee’s work.International cooperation remains important in facing thechallenges for global development. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon proposed that a strengthened Ministerial Review should bea central venue for monitoring the implementation of the post-2015 development agenda. He also suggested that the biennialHigh-level Development Cooperation Forum, which hademerged as a mutual accountability forum within the UnitedNations system, “could further expand its role as a driver forgreater national and global accountability in developmentcooperation by promoting mutual accountability as anoverarching principle in the post-2015 development agenda.”DESA News | Newsletter of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs 4
    • www.un.org/desa May 2013, Vol. 17, No. 5DESA News | Newsletter of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs 5In her remarks, Ms. Shamshad Akhtar, DESA’s AssistantSecretary-General for Economic Development, underscored theimportance of an effective strategy to finance sustainabledevelopment in the follow-up to the outcome of the Rio+20Conference. She suggested that, “foreign investors will play asignificant role and serve to introduce innovation and technologyand make sure that countries/companies that are brining FDI, bringin the technology for sustainable development.” She also urged foran increase of official development assistance (ODA) to the levelof 0.7 per cent of national income of developed countries.Effective global governance systemIn addition, an effective system of global economic governancewould also enhance the global partnership for developmentthrough ensuring the participation of all relevant global actors ininternational policy making and dialogue.The international community must broaden and strengthen theinvolvement of developing countries within international economicdecision-making while creating partnerships with relevant non-state actors, like the private sector and civil society, in activitiesand dialogue pertaining to development. An inclusive, flexible andcoherent system for global economic governance is necessary atthe national, regional and international levels.Underscoring the importance of coherence, coordination,cooperation, Mr. Osorio pointed to the very basic goal of theinternational community’s efforts, saying “as long as povertyexists our work will remain unfinished. Let there be no barrier tothe heights in which we must soar. In the post-2015 agenda wehave committed ourselves to eradicate poverty. We need to thinkhorizontally rather than vertically.”Watch the webcast of the eventFor more information:Special high-level meeting of ECOSOC with the Bretton Woodsinstitutions, the World Trade Organization and the United NationsConference on Trade and DevelopmentWorld Economic Situation and Prospects 2013
    • www.un.org/desa May 2013, Vol. 17, No. 5Global Dialogue onDevelopmentExploring ‘triple win’ approaches tosustainable developmentDESA News | Newsletter of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs 6The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) will hold anIntegration Meeting on Sustainable Development on 13 May at UNHeadquarters in New YorkAt the United Nations Conference onSustainable Development (Rio+20),world leaders acknowledged the vitalimportance of an inclusive,transparent, strengthened andeffective multilateral system to better address the urgent globalchallenges of sustainable development.In The Future We Want conference outcome document, worldleaders also recognized the important role of the Economic andSocial Council in achieving a balanced integration of the threedimensions of sustainable development.“In order to fulfill this mandate, it is paramount that the Councilacts as an effective platform to discuss and define concretemeasures to articulate this vision into an integrated agenda,”ECOSOC President Néstor Osorio said in a recent meeting.The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) is taking action. TheCouncil organized a Special Ministerial Meeting on 24 September2012 at UN Headquarters in New York. On 13 May, the ECOSOCIntegration Meeting will bring together policymakers, keystakeholders and UN system to examine how science, technologyand innovation can contribute to the integration of the economic,social and environmental dimensions of sustainable developmentfor triple-win solutions in the energy and agricultural sectors.In particular, the meeting will explore the potential of energy andagricultural sectors in providing ‘triple win’ approaches tosustainable development. The meeting will seek to identify ways inwhich integrated policy actions, some of which may involve short-term trade-offs in one dimension, may result in longer-termbenefits in all areas of development. It will also provide guidanceon the integration of the three dimensions of sustainabledevelopment for building the future we want.For more information:ECOSOC Integration MeetingDesigning sustainable developmentgoalsThe intergovernmental Open Working Group (OWG) onsustainable development goals (SDG) held its second session on17-19 April and will meet again on 22-24 MayThe working group, called for in theRio+20 Outcome Document convenedits second meeting at UN Headquarters,bringing together members of theOWG, other Member States,representatives from the UN systemand Major Groups.Chaired by the Permanent Representatives of Kenya andHungary, Macharia Kamau and Csaba Körösi, the sessionfocused on conceptualizing the SDGs, the SDG process and onpoverty eradication. The Co-Chairs defined the task of the OWGas “gradually crafting the backbone of the transformativeagenda.”One of the many points made during the discussion on theconceptual aspects of SDGs was that any unfinished businessregarding the MDGs must be concluded. They should be learnedfrom, built on, and serve as point of departure, said Co-ChairKamau. And while the SDGs would have to do justice to thecomplexity of sustainable development and integrate its threedimensions, thereby addressing a significant gap of the MDGs,they should also maintain a key MDG success factor, namelysimplicity. The SDGs should be “tweetable”, as one Delegateput it.The discussion on poverty eradication was equally rich. Manycountries saw this as core of the SDGs. There were varyingopinions on whether the poverty goal should be a stand-alonegoal, a cross cutting goal or both. But there was agreement onthe multidimensionality of poverty and that this needs to bereflected in the SDGs.The next session of the OWG is scheduled for 22-24 May 2013,and is tentatively set to cover food security and nutrition,sustainable agriculture, drought, desertification, land degradationand water and sanitation.Webcasts of all six meetings of the second session, a summaryof the concluding remarks of the co-chairs, statements andpresentations as well as other information can be found on thesustainable development knowledge platform.For more information:Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform
    • www.un.org/desa May 2013, Vol. 17, No. 5ECOSOC addresses international taxcooperationThe Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) will hold a one-daymeeting to consider international cooperation in tax matters on 29MayDESA News | Newsletter of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs 7The Council will have before it a report ofthe Secretary-General on further progressachieved in strengthening the work of theCommittee of Experts on InternationalCooperation in Tax Matters and itscooperation with concerned multilateralbodies and relevant regional and sub-regional organizations.The meeting will also take a look at institutional arrangements topromote such cooperation, with participation of the representativesof national tax authorities.The center piece of the morning session will be an official launchof the UN Practical Manual on Transfer Pricing for DevelopingCountries, followed by a panel discussion on “Transfer pricingchallenges for developing countries”.The afternoon session will feature a panel discussion on “Capacitydevelopment in tax matters”, with the participation of majorinternational organizations active in the tax area, such as the UN,IMF, World Bank, OECD, the Inter-American Centre of TaxAdministrations (CIAT) and the African Tax AdministrationForum (ATAF).Subsequently, an interactive discussion will be held on “Currentissues in countering international tax avoidance and tax evasion”,which will include the discussion of issues of tax base erosion andprofit shifting.The ECOSOC meeting will be preceded by the Expert GroupMeeting on Extractive Industries Taxation.For more information:Special Meeting of ECOSOC on International Cooperation in TaxMattersPopulation Commission concludes46th sessionThe Commission on Population and Development ended its sessionfocusing on new trends in migration on 26 AprilThe Commission adopted aresolution on the session’s theme,“New trends in migration:demographic aspects”, that noted theincreasing volume, scope, andcomplexity of migration since the adoption of the Programme ofAction of the 1994 International Conference on Population andDevelopment (ICPD).The resolution recognized the contributions of migrants to thepolitical, economic, social and cultural fabric of countries andcalled on states to promote and protect the human rights andfundamental freedoms of all migrants, both international andinternal. It invited states to take practical measures to enhancethe benefits of migration for development in both origin anddestination countries, such as reducing the transfer costs ofremittances, ensuring the portability of pensions and other socialprotections, and promoting circular and return migration.The Secretary-General opened the Commission on 22 April,highlighting several goals in addressing international migration,including establishing safe, legal channels of migration; aligningmigration policies to the demands of labour markets; addressingthe problems faced by migrants with no legal status; andpromoting integration of migrants into host societies.In the Commission’s general debate, Member States reaffirmedtheir commitments to the goals and objectives of the ICPDProgramme of Action and shared their national experiences withnew migration trends. Delegates described a variety ofchallenges, such as dealing with large volumes of internalmigration; providing services to rural-urban migrants; improvinglegal frameworks for emigration that regulate the placement ofmigrant workers overseas; large scale departure of health careworkers; irregular migration; the vulnerability of migrants tocrime, violence and exploitation; measures that criminalizemigration or restrict the human rights of migrants; the cost ofremittances; and efforts to engage diaspora communities in thedevelopment of their home countries. Delegates also stressed thepositive impact of remittances for development and thequantitative significance of remittances at the global level.Several delegations underscored migration as a key componentof development strategies, highlighting the important role of theupcoming High-Level Dialogue on International Migration andDevelopment. They stressed the importance of taking intoaccount and integrating population dynamics, includingmigration, in the context of the post-2015 UN developmentagenda. Delegations also stressed linkages between the post-2015 process and the continued implementation of the ICPDProgramme of Action, which the General Assembly extendedbeyond 2014 in its resolution 65/234.The forty-seventh session of the Commission in 2014, whichwill be chaired by H.E. Mr. Jose Luis Cancela, Ambassador andPermanent Representative of Uruguay, will mark the 20-yearanniversary of the ICPD and will be devoted to the theme“Assessment of the status of implementation of the Programmeof Action of the International Conference on Population andDevelopment”.
    • www.un.org/desa May 2013, Vol. 17, No. 5For more information:46th Session of the Commission on Population and DevelopmentPartnering for innovative solutionsfor sustainable developmentThe Economic and Social Council held its annual PartnershipsForum on 24 April in preparation for its 2013 Annual MinisterialReview (AMR), in Geneva this JulyDESA News | Newsletter of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs 8The event attracted over 350 seniorrepresentatives from the private sectorand foundations, as well as from NGOsand academia. It considered ways inwhich to partner in support of the AMRtheme of promoting science, technology,innovation and culture for sustainable development.A number of CEOs and heads of foundations participated,including the CEOs of Starwoods Hotels, Vestergaard Frandsen(public health tools), the END Fund (neglected tropical diseases)and Sumitomo Chemicals, as well as foundations like WesternUnion and the Luce and Pritzker Foundations, to name just a few.The morning session included an inspiring address by Mr. MoIbrahim, Chair of the Mo Ibrahim Foundation, who stressed theimportance of accountability amongst Governments for the fightagainst poverty and the achievement of the MDGs to be successful.Panel discussions examined ways for better use of technologies,innovation and knowledge sharing. The two policy dialoguesdiscussed the importance of promoting partnerships to addressissues such as job creation, food and water security, green growthand cleaner renewable energy technologies.It was noted that a huge amount of innovation was already takingplace to address sectoral issues, through mobile cash transfers andother innovative initiatives. Business opportunities needed to becreated, especially for youth and women. Access to the internetneeded to be recognized as a human right. The key role ofeducation, particularly in science, technology, engineering andmath, was stressed as paramount for sustainable development.The afternoon featured four Partnerships Clinics, organized byWIPO, UNESCO, UNICEF and ITU respectively. The ITU Clinicnoted that up to 35% of live births go unregistered, a fact that hasbeen described as the single most critical development failure ofthe last 30 years.Every child needed to be counted, and the midwife was in the bestposition to provide critical health information and to make surethat births were properly recorded. Government regulators, serviceproviders, software engineers and midwives were brought togetherin the Clinic to devise an effective platform for ensuring solutionsfor providing such critical information.A white paper would be drafted and presented to the EveryWoman Every Child Alliance, the mHealth Alliance and the nextBroadband Commission meeting in September. The UNICEFClinic focused on how to make Innovation and technologysustainable for education. It noted that innovation was not justabout digital technology but also different ways of teaching orunusual partnerships. Risks needed to be taken as well as newapproaches for meeting the many challenges that preventedchildren from getting a proper education. The main messageemanating from the discussion was that there were no stumblingblocks – just stepping stones.The WIPO Clinic highlighted the importance of addressingNTDs for achieving the MDGs, and that partnerships played akey role in helping eradicate them. WIPO’s role in makingavailable, through an open innovation platform, the availabilityof unpublished scientific and regulatory data and know-how forresearch on NTDs. The Clinic highlighted the need forinnovative approaches and stronger partnerships. It wasproposed that a political declaration was needed, similar to theone for HIV/AIDS. A Special Envoy on NTDs was also neededto address the problems faced by 1.4 billion voiceless andfaceless people suffering from NTDs.Finally, the UNESCO Clinic emphasized the importance ofculture, innovation and technology in the development anddissemination of design solutions to address extreme poverty.Understanding local cultures and partnering to create sociallyand economically sustainable design solutions was critical, aswell as the creation of regional alliances and collaborativenetworks. Most importantly, the need for learning fromcommunities that devise innovative design solutions with limitedresources in a challenging environment was deemed essential.For more information:ECOSOC Partnership ForumFoundations engage in shapingpost-2015 developmentThe role of philanthropic organizations in the post-2015 settingwas in focus for the second ECOSOC Special Policy Dialogueevent on 23 AprilAt this special event, discussing therole of foundations in internationaldevelopment cooperation, philanthropicorganizations agreed to further engagein shaping a shared vision of the post-2015 development agenda and therenewal of the global partnership for development.The Office for ECOSOC Support and Coordination, inpartnership with UNDP, the OECD Global Network ofFoundations Working for Development (netFWD) and theWorldwide Initiative for Grantmaker Support (WINGS), co-organized this special event with more than 60 Northern andSouthern foundations, including Rockefeller, Gates, Mott andSawiris. It is part of an ongoing effort to support philanthropic
    • www.un.org/desa May 2013, Vol. 17, No. 5engagement in development and to accelerate MDGsimplementation.The event explored how the growing philanthropic sector, with itsdiverse innovative and risk-taking practices, can further leverageand increase its development cooperation activities, particularly bystrengthening partnerships and helping shape the globaldevelopment agenda beyond 2015.To complement long-term efforts by other stakeholders,philanthropic contributions to development should go beyondstrategic investments to solve specific problems. “As for alldevelopment partners, it is crucial to ensure that philanthropicorganizations’ activities align with national developmentpriorities,” said Thomas Stelzer, DESA’s Assistant-Secretary-General for Policy Coordination and Inter-Agency Affairs.DESA News | Newsletter of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs 9Participants also observed that some forms of philanthropicengagement may be better suited than others to reach the poorestand most vulnerable populations.To facilitate a more structured engagement with foundations in thepost-2015 context, and to fully harness their potential to effectchange, it was suggested that good practices of multi-stakeholderpartnerships and information on the work of foundations could becollected and more widely shared.ECOSOC, with its biennial Development Cooperation Forum(DCF), was asked to play this role, as well as to address howfoundations and member States can develop common ways ofmonitoring, sharing knowledge and accounting for results.The DCF was also identified as legitimate platform to discuss howa renewed global partnership for development could effectivelyengage philanthropic organizations, together with the broad rangeof other development cooperation actors.A forthcoming DCF High-level symposium in Addis Ababa (6-7June) will provide an opportunity for foundations and others tofeed their lessons learned – from successes and failures – indevelopment into the discussion on the purposes, principles,features of a renewed global partnership for development and amonitoring and accountability framework for the post-2015 era.The President of the Council will also convey key messages toMinisters attending the High-level Segment of the 2013Substantive Session of ECOSOC. It will also feed into theMinisterial meeting of the Busan global partnership anddiscussions of the OECD netFWD initiative.For more information:The role of philanthropic organizations in the post-2015 settingECOSOC, BWIs, WTO and UNCTADattend spring meetingThe 2013 Special high-level meeting of ECOSOC with the BWIs,WTO and UNCTAD addressed the overall theme of “Coherence,coordination and cooperation in the context of financing forsustainable development and the post-2015 developmentagenda” on 22 AprilThe central feature of the meeting focusing onthe “World economic situation and prospects inthe wake of the world financial and economiccrisis”, was accompanied by debates onfinancing sustainable development, leveragingprivate capital, outcomes of the Rio+20 andglobal partnerships.ECOSOC will play a crucial role in promoting dialogue amongMember States on the post-2015 development agenda, includingthe issue of financing for sustainable development, and renewedcommitment for the Monterrey Consensus and DohaDeclaration, underpinning the global partnership fordevelopment.Challenges such as climate change, growing inequality in manycountries, and continued risks posed by the financial sector haveemerged. In particular, the financial crisis exposed flaws of theinternational financial system. Although efforts have been madeto address those risks, additional efforts are necessary.Improving the cooperation between the UN and BWIs throughcoordination on the ground in the area of capacity-building,democratic governance, statistics and gender equality isnecessary in maintaining a global partnership.The World Bank presented its perspective on the post-2015development agenda and emphasis was placed on the need toenhance the impact of available resources and leverageadditional funds, in particular from the private sector. Thespeaker pointed out that even though ODA declined in realterms, it continues to remain important in terms of leveragingother flows, especially in fragile states.The President of the Trade and Development Board ofUNCTAD emphasized the importance of trade as an engine ofdevelopment and highlighted the need for expeditious andsuccessful realization of the development objectives of the DohaRound of multilateral trade negotiations.The Vice President and Corporate Secretary of the World Bankreported on the outcome of the meeting of the DevelopmentCommittee, held during the previous weekend. The Committeeendorsed two goals: (i) to end extreme poverty within ageneration and (ii) to promote shared prosperity.In this context, the importance of cooperation between theWorld Bank and the UN was emphasized. The Deputy Secretary
    • www.un.org/desa May 2013, Vol. 17, No. 5of the IMF reported on the outcome of the meeting of theInternational Monetary and Financial Committee and the Directorof the Development Division of WTO on the present state of theDoha Round of multilateral trade negotiations and prospects forthe forthcoming Ministerial Conference in Bali, Indonesia. Hehighlighted progress achieved on several issues, including tradefacilitation, agriculture and specific issues for the LDCs.The work of the Intergovernmental Committee on a sustainabledevelopment financing strategy will provide an importantcontribution to formulating a coherent mechanism. It wasemphasized that the international commitments, especially thoseon ODA, should be met. Public resources will have to come from avariety of international, regional and national sources. However,given the size of financing needs for sustainable development, it isclear that official sources of financing will not be sufficient.It was highlighted that FDI rose only moderately in 2013 and thatthe overall increase is slower than pre-crisis levels. At the sametime, transnational corporations are sitting on record amounts ofcash reserves. The challenge is to mobilize FDI for inclusive,responsible and green growth.The post-2015 development agenda should be rooted in aneffective and inclusive system of global economic governance. It isnecessary to have greater accountability, cooperation and effectiveand coherent policy-making among Member States with regard tothe framing, monitoring and implementation of the globalpartnership for development.Strengthening the involvement of developing countries ininternational economic decision-making and enhance engagementand partnerships with non-state actors in activities and dialoguepertaining to development is imperative in moving forward. Theseefforts would ensure that the post-MDG 8 framework is anchoredin a more inclusive, flexible and coherent system for globaleconomic governance.For more information:Special high-level meeting of ECOSOC with the Bretton Woodsinstitutions, the World Trade Organization and the United NationsConference on Trade and DevelopmentHarmony with Nature dialoguefocuses on sustainable economicmodels and the rights of NatureThe Third Interactive Dialogue of the General Assembly onHarmony with Nature took place at UN Headquarters on Monday22 AprilDESA News | Newsletter of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs 10This year’s discussion focused ondifferent economic approaches to furthera more ethical basis for the relationshipbetween humanity and the Earth. Severalparticipants stressed that both a neweconomic model as well as rights for Nature were necessary forsustainable development.At the beginning of the dialogue, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon referred to it as a “chance to reaffirm our collectiveresponsibility to promote harmony with nature.” He said wemust confront the hard truth that our planet is under threat.“Unsustainable exploitation of natural resources – often drivenby greed – is eroding our planet’s fragile ecosystems”, said theSecretary-General, pointing to loss of biodiversity, depletion offish stocks and acidification of oceans.But he also saw hope, referring to the millions of people aroundthe world who are recognizing this problem as part of a growingmovement for sustainable development. ”More and moregovernments are hearing their calls for action” he said, giving asexamples Bolivia, which has adopted a legal framework thatspecifically protects “Mother Earth”, and Ecuador, whoseConstitution recognizes the rights of Nature.The President of the General Assembly, Vuk Jeremic, noted that“as we consume our natural resources at an increasingly fasterrate than we can replenish them, we have unwittingly begun amassive experiment with the planet’s ability to support ourcontinued existence.”In the course of the interactive dialogue, Ms. Linda Sheehan,Executive Director at the Earth Law Center, California, Mr. IanMason, Principal at the School of Economic Science, London,Dr. Fander Falconi, National Secretary of Development Planningof Ecuador, and Dr. Jon Rosales, Associate Professor ofEnvironmental Studies at St. Lawrence University, New York,discussed a number of approaches to further harmony withNature.Mr. Mason stressed that humanity, when it comes to its relationwith earth, needs to restrain the abuse of power and the worstexcesses by recognizing rights for Nature and enforcing themthrough laws. “A simple duty of care for the Earth could apply toindividuals, corporations and governments alike,” he said.The importance of rights for Nature and a new economicparadigm were also highlighted by Dr. Falconi. He said that notonly humans have rights, but other species as well:“Guaranteeing plants and animals the right of being perpetuatedis central”. He noted that the deterioration of the planet’sphysical condition is challenging mankind and that a neweconomics is necessary, one that results in prosperity anddevelopment without growth.Traditional cultures that are already living within Nature’s limitswere the focus of the bottom-up option for sustainabledevelopment outlined by Dr. Rosales. Many indigenous cultureswhose subsistence activities are dictated by the cycles of Naturehave existed for a long time and are already sustainable, henoted.
    • www.un.org/desa May 2013, Vol. 17, No. 5This kind of traditional knowledge and culture should be enabledand supported. “Such an approach offers relief from trying to finda grand solution to sustainable development – it focuses on what’salready working”, he explained.Ms. Sheehan said that our current economic paradigm needs to berejected and the rights of the natural world acknowledged. Shestressed that we currently try to “contort the environment, andincreasingly ourselves, to fit within our economic model.” But weshould instead recognize the economy’s place as servant to humansand the Earth, not the master of both, she said.For more information:Third Interactive Dialogue of the General Assembly on Harmonywith NatureForest Forum ends endorsingmeasures that ensure priority toforest issues beyond 2015The 197 country members of the United Nations Forum on Forestsconcluded their two-week session in Istanbul, Turkey, on 19 AprilThe session ended with an agreement on aseries of measures aimed at improvingsustainable management of forests and ensuringthat forest issues will continue to have priorityin the process to define the United Nationsdevelopment agenda after 2015.DESA News | Newsletter of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs 11The Forum calls on national Governments totake a range of actions – from substantive data collection,measuring the full value of forest functions, products and services,and addressing the causes of deforestation and forests degradation,to improving participation of local communities, includingindigenous peoples, in the management of forests. Countries alsoagreed, at the global and national levels, to mobilize additionalresources to support sustainable forest management activities.The outcome calls on countries to further integrate forests intotheir national development strategies and to strengthen legalframeworks and governance, including land tenure rights, in orderto realize the full economic potential of the forests.While recognizing that there is no single solution to meet all forestfinancing needs, the Forum agreed that multiple sources offinancing, at the national, regional and international levels wasneeded from multiple sources, public and private, includingconsideration of a voluntary global forest fund.There was also agreement that the option of establishing a newGlobal Environment Facility (GEF) focal area on forests should beconsidered and invited GEF to strengthen its support for forests inits next replenishment period, which starts in 2014.The Istanbul session of the Forum follows a strong decision bycountries at Rio+20, held last June in Rio de Janeiro, to supportaction on forests, recognizing that forests play a major role inpromoting sustainable development, which supports economicand social development while protecting the environment.Countries agreed that Member States should “fully integrateforests into the discussions on the outcomes of the UnitedNations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) andthe United Nations development agenda beyond 2015, takinginto account the vital role and significant contributions of theconservation and sustainable management of all types of forestsand trees outside forests for achieving sustainable developmentand poverty eradication.”DESA’s Under-Secretary-General Wu Hongbo said: “Countriescame to Istanbul with the aim of halting deforestation and forestdegradation and enhance sustainable forest management toincrease economic, social and environmental benefits, to all ofsociety. The results of the Forum show that countries are seriousabout implementing the agreements reached at Rio+20.” Headded: “The outcome of the UN Forum on Forests is a majorstep forward in global efforts to implement sustainabledevelopment.”“There is now greater recognition than ever before that forestsare essential to economic development and sustainabledevelopment,” said Jan McAlpine, Director of the Secretariat forthe Forum. “In this historic meeting, countries broke new groundand agreed to take actions that demonstrate the need tosustainably manage our forests so that they can continue to be asource of livelihoods, broader economic development, includingclean air, clean water and biodiversity — all leading to povertyeradication.”More than 130 countries attended the Forum, including at least50 who were represented at the ministerial level. All told, therewere over 3,000 delegates, representatives of non-governmentalorganizations and civil society groups, press, and local staffparticipating in the Forum.The Forum also featured the winners of the “Forests for PeopleAwards”, which honoured “Forest Heroes” — five individualswho made outstanding contributions to forests and thecommunities that rely on them — as well as the winners of theInternational Short Forest Film Festival and the InternationalForest Photography contest.“The Awards ceremony highlighted the idea that the discussionabout forests is a discussion about people,” Jan McAlpine said.“People need forests and forests need people to act sustainablyand responsibly.”For more information:United Nations Forum on ForestsSource: Press release of the UN Department of Public InformationPhoto: International Forest Photograph Award winner Eka Fendiaspara,Indonesia
    • www.un.org/desa May 2013, Vol. 17, No. 5Southern partners agree to engage inmore regular dialogue ondevelopment cooperation issuesA DESA-supported conference held in New Delhi on 15-16 Aprilpaved the way to strengthen dialogue on issues of common concernand interest among “Southern partners” – developing countriesthat provide development cooperation to other developingcountriesDESA News | Newsletter of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs 12DESA and the Research and InformationSystem for Developing Countries, withthe support of the Government of India,co-organized the first South-supporteddialogue in recent years on South-Southdevelopment cooperation, entitled“Conference of Southern Partners: Issues and EmergingChallenges”.Jointly opened by Mr. Wu Hongbo, DESA’s Under-Secretary-General and Mr. Ranjan Mathai, Foreign Secretary, Ministry ofExternal Affairs, India, the Conference brought together 11governments including main emerging economies as well as leadsouthern think tanks with a view to identifying and addressingcommon challenges in promoting stronger impact of South-Southdevelopment cooperation both on the ground and on global agendasetting.There was strong consensus that the growth in South-Southdevelopment cooperation should not weaken the commitments andresponsibilities of developed countries in global developmentcooperation, especially the continued important role of ODA.Good practices of South-South development cooperation discussedat the meeting revealed the scale of innovative practices andspecific comparative advantages of this type of assistance, ofteninspired by a clear sense of priority for areas where partners haveunique expertise to share and by the needs of beneficiary countries.Global bodies were called on to take into consideration suchpractices in norm-setting activities. Referring to the principle ofaccountability and transparency, some Southern partners also madeit clear that this principle should be tailored to their businessmodels and applied at their own pace, rather than conceptuallyimposed by other actors.The event mirrored a growing appetite of Southern partners to gettogether in an informal setting to form common ground in majorglobal development-related processes. The need to take a proactiveapproach in engaging in such global processes was recognized.Southern partners agreed to continue and deepen the self-drivenand supported dialogue on South-South development cooperationwith a view of concrete results. The United Nations was seen asthe impartial actor that can facilitate such dialogue.DESA will continue to support the efforts of the Southernpartner countries in strengthening their dialogue and cooperationin this area. As a follow-up to the Delhi Conference, DESA, incooperation with the UN Office for South-South cooperation isorganizing a meeting of Directors-General responsible fordevelopment cooperation in Southern partner countries at theDCF High-level Symposium in Addis Ababa on 7 June.For more information:Conference of Southern Partners: Issues and EmergingChallenges”Successful chat engages onlinecommunity on global partnershipAlmost 500 participants took part in the Facebook chatdiscussing the report “A renewed global partnership fordevelopment” on 4 AprilQuestions addressed topics ranging fromthe sustainable development goals(SDGs); how to ensure government andprivate sector accountability, tosafeguarding human rights and genderequality.Launched by the UN System Task Team on the Post-2015 UNDevelopment Agenda, the report focuses on the need for theglobal community to develop a renewed global partnership fordevelopment for the post-2015 era which fosters collectiveaction from all countries to create an enabling environment fordevelopment. Based on the lessons learnt from the current globalpartnership for development, the report provides a set ofrecommendations on potential dimensions and format.Nine experts from DESA’s Division for Development Policyand Analysis (DPAD) and the Division for SustainableDevelopment as well as UNDP’s Bureau for DevelopmentPolicy interacted with the online community, answeringquestions posted from users from all over the world. Forexample, there was one that especially caught everyone’sattention. It was a question posted from a primary school in theHigh Atlas Mountains of Morocco, asking how children can bebetter involved in international cooperation.The more than 60 questions posted were related to human rights,gender equality, government accountability, inclusion of youthin development strategies, environment, sustainability, and othertopics.Diana Alarcon, Senior Economic Affairs Officer at DPAD, whoalso took part in the chat answering questions, highlighted thedepth and specificity of the questions posted and also, the levelof detail and familiarity that most of them had with the UNreport and complementary information. “It was a high leveldiscussion, with sophisticated, concrete and specific questions toour experts,” she stated.
    • www.un.org/desa May 2013, Vol. 17, No. 5“It is the second time we do a live chat forpromoting our reports, and we are veryhappy about the way in which this newtechnology helps us to share ourdocuments and reach all kinds of people,”said Diana Alarcon.The first Facebook live chat, hosted by DESA and UNDP, tookplace on 27 November 2012 and it highlighted the UN SystemTask Team’s first report “Realizing the Future We Want for All”.It addressed the post-2015 development agenda more generally andprovided some key recommendations on how to build on thesuccesses of the MDGs beyond 2015.The team in DESA is very positive about this tool for promotingthe department’s reports and documents, because of its enormouspossibilities of direct and open dialogue with the onlinecommunity.“Also, our team of experts has developed a taste for interactingwith our followers in social networks and to discuss with themtheir work in the reports”, Diana Alarcon said.For more information:UNTT Report: A renewed global partnership for developmentFacebook live chat: A renewed global partnership for developmentDESA News | Newsletter of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs 13
    • www.un.org/desa May 2013, Vol. 17, No. 5Trends and AnalysisYouth encouraged to start innovatingIn connection with the recent ECOSOC Youth Forum, UN YouthEnvoy Ahmad Alhendawi, Mashable’s Chief Marketing OfficerStacy Martinet and Founder of boo-box Marco Gomes, sharedtheir thoughts on how to empower youth to be future innovators“Everyone has a share in makingthe world a better place,” said theSecretary-General’s Envoy onYouth Ahmad Alhendawi, as hespoke with DESA in connectionwith ECOSOC’s Youth Forum hon 27 March. Mr. Alhendawi also described the close connectbetween young people and science, technology and social media,saying “young people are not just the consumers of theseapplications, they are the innovators and they are the people thatare paving the way for more innovations to come”.DESA News | Newsletter of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs 14eldionWhen talking about some of the measures young people can taketo change the world, Mr. Alhendawi pointed to the possibilities ofnew technologies, enabling us to connect. He also underscored theimportance of moving from virtual to real. “I think young peoplehold the potential to do that, and they should really believe inthemselves and believe that it is not about changing everythingalways. It is about starting something new, small ventures, a newenterprise,” he said.“The opportunities are endless,” said Mashable’s Chief MarketingOfficer Stacy Martinet, sharing her advice for today’s youth anddescribing the prospects brought on by the age of digital media andthe rapid pace of innovations in technology. “They should taketheir ideas and creativity and start working on things that areimportant,” she said, also underscoring the power of social mediaas a way to connect, collaborate and to help transform societies.“To use science and technology to change the world, the mostimportant thing is prepare yourself, educate yourself,” said MarcoGomes, Founder of boo-box, emphasizing the need to be very wellprepared before starting on such an endeavor. “Pay attention towhat’s around you. Your community, your city, your country –they are full of opportunities,” Mr. Gomes said, addingencouragingly, “the world needs true innovation that improvespeople’s lives.”Highlighting the role of the United Nations, Ms. Martinet said,“places like the UN and national and local governments are reallyalso empowered to support young people who want to get involved(…) I think this is an exciting moment to do more for youngpeople.” This is something which was also echoed by the UN’snewly appointed Youth Envoy Ahmad Alhendawi. “I am verymuch optimistic that in my office and with my mandate, I will beable to use and leverage all different tools that we have to reachout to young people and make them closer to the UnitedNations,” Mr. Alhendawi said.Mr. Alhendawi, Ms. Martinet and Mr. Gomes are all supportingthe work of ECOSOC, bringing the voices of youth into theimportant discussions and decisions of the Council ahead of itsannual meeting in Geneva in July, as well as its major onlinecampaign, “Innovate Your Future”, on Facebook andThunderclap. The campaign seeks worldwide support to helpempower youth and shape future innovators.Share ideas with ECOSOC on how to leverage science,technology and culture to create a better world:http://bit.ly/InnovateYourFutureShow support for youth worldwide on Thunderclap:https://www.thunderclap.it/InnovateYourFutureWatch video “Start innovating now!”Discussing impact of extractiveindustry on tax policiesDESA’s Financing for Development Office (FfDO) is organizingan expert group meeting on the taxation of the extractiveindustry on 28 MayTaking place at UN Headquarters, theevent is organized with the view toidentifying pressing issues fordeveloping countries in this area and toinforming the work of the Committeeof Experts on International Cooperationin Tax Matters during its next annual session (Geneva, 21-25October 2013).The meeting will bring together invited representatives fromnational tax authorities, experts from international financialorganizations, as well as representatives from non-governmentalorganizations and the private sector.Together they will discuss the impact of the extractive industryon national and international tax policy and administration. Inlight of the upcoming launch of the UN Practical Manual onTransfer Pricing for Developing Countries, there will also bediscussions on the nexus between transfer pricing and thetaxation of the extractive industries. The final session will focuson lessons learned in building capability in resource tax policyand administration.The meeting will be held in the run up to the Special Meeting ofECOSOC on International Cooperation in Tax Matters, whichwill be held on 29 May 2013.For more information:Expert Group Meeting on Extractive industries taxation
    • www.un.org/desa May 2013, Vol. 17, No. 5Implementing the System of NationalAccountsDESA News | Newsletter of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs 158th Meeting of the Advisory Expert Group on National Accountswill take place in Luxembourg on 28-31 MayThe Advisory Expert Group on NationalAccounts (AEG) has been established to assistthe Inter-secretariat Working Group on NationalAccounts (ISWGNA) in resolving issues on theresearch agenda of the System of NationalAccounts (SNA), identifying emerging researchissues, and assisting the ISWGNA in the reviewof the SNA implementation programme.The composition of the AEG reflects the global communityrepresenting all regions in the world and comprises 16 members(not including the five representatives of the members of theISWGNA, Eurostat, IMF, OECD, UN and WB). The main purposeof this meeting is to consider guidance on issues related to theimplementation of the SNA, such as financial output, globalproduction, delineation of head offices, holding companies andspecial purpose entities, pension entitlements, stability fees,treatment of freight and insurance in the 2008 SNA, and theSDMX initiative.For more information:8th Meeting of the Advisory Expert Group on National AccountsGoogle+ hangout highlights MajorGroups successes at Rio+20Google+ Hangout arranged on 26 March highlights successes ofthe Major Groups and other stakeholders at the Rio+20ConferenceAs part of the ongoing follow-up ofthe Rio+20 UN Conference onSustainable Development, DESA’sDivision for SustainableDevelopment hosted a Google+Hangout on 26 March thathighlighted the successes of theMajor Groups and other stakeholders at the Rio+20 Conference.The hangout explored the views of civil society on the positive andconcrete outcomes of the conference, and the Major Groups’ongoing follow up of the conference.Panellists featured Corinne Woods, Director of the UN MillenniumCampaign; Chantal Line Carpentier, Major Groups ProgrammeCoordinator at DESA’s Division for Sustainable Development;Farooq Ullah, Director of Stakeholder Forum for a SustainableFuture; Maruxa Cardama, Former Secretary General of theNetwork of Regional Governments for Sustainable Development(NRG4SD); Jeffery Huffines, Organizing Partner of the NGOMajor Group. The discussion was moderated by John Romano,Social Media Focal Point for DESA’s Division for SustainableDevelopment.Watch the hangout hereFor more information:Sustainable Development in Action Google+ Hangout Series
    • www.un.org/desa May 2013, Vol. 17, No. 5Capacity developmentClassifying products and economicactivitiesDESA’s Statistics Division is organizing an Expert Group meetingon International Statistical Classifications on 13-15 May in NewYorkThe objective of the meeting is to agreeon priorities and work arrangements forinternational classifications work over thenext years.DESA News | Newsletter of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs 16It also aims to further the work on theimplementation of recently revised classifications in theInternational Family of Statistical Classifications, such as theInternational Standard Industrial Classification of All EconomicActivities (ISIC) and the Central Product Classification (CPC), toreview classifications currently under development and considerother issues relevant to the application and use of internationalstandard classifications.For more information:Calendar of Events of DESA’s Statistics DivisionScaling up efforts for SNAimplementationExpanding the coordination and resources for the implementationof the System of National Accounts will be in focus for a meetingon 28-29 May in LuxembourgDespite some progress in a numberof countries, many developingcountries are still a long way fromactually adjusting their supportingcollections of economic statistics forimplementing the System of National Accounts (SNA).The forty-fourth session of the United Nations StatisticalCommission (UNSC) requested DESA’s Statistics Division, incollaboration with the Inter-secretariat Working Group on NationalAccounts (ISWGNA), supporting countries and other regionalorganisations, to scale up coordination, advocacy and resources forthe implementation of the SNA and supporting statistics at thenational level where required.This seminar, which brings together the ISWGNA, the AdvisoryExpert Group on National Accounts (AEG) and representativefrom a number of countries with less developed statistical systems,aims to develop proposals for scaling up the effectiveness of thecoordination and funding for the implementation of the SNA forconsideration by the ISWGNA and to discuss practical issuesrelated to the topics to be discussed by the AEG.For more information:Calendar of Events of DESA’s Statistics DivisionImproving skills in tax treatyadministrationTechnical meeting on “Tax treaty administration andnegotiation” will be held on 30–31 May at UN Headquarters inNew YorkDESA’s Financing for DevelopmentOffice (FfDO) and the InternationalTax Compact (ITC) are jointlyorganizing this meeting held withinthe context of a capacity developmentproject, undertaken jointly by the twoorganizations, aimed at strengthening the capacity of Ministriesof Finance, National Tax Authorities, and other competentauthorities in developing countries to effectively identify andassess their needs in the area of double tax treaty negotiation andadministration.The purpose of the New York meeting is to present, discuss andrevise a series of draft papers on selected issues inadministration and negotiation of tax treaties, which are beingprepared by experts. These papers are to address the actual skillsgaps and challenges faced by developing countries inadministering and negotiating their tax treaties, which wereidentified during a meeting held in Rome on 28-29 January2013, with the participation of 25 national experts fromdeveloping countries.Following the meeting, the papers on administration of taxtreaties will be revised and will comprise the UN Handbook onSelected Issues in Administration of Double Tax Treaties forDeveloping Countries. Participants in this meeting are alsoinvited to participate in the Special meeting of ECOSOC oninternational cooperation in tax matters on 29 May.For more information:Technical meeting on “Tax treaty administration andnegotiation”
    • www.un.org/desa May 2013, Vol. 17, No. 5Publications and WebsitesStatistical compilationsMonthly Bulletin of Statistics and MBS OnlineDESA News | Newsletter of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs 17The Monthly Bulletin of Statistics presentscurrent economic and social statistics for morethan 200 countries and territories of the world. Itcontains over 50 tables of monthly and/orbimonthly, quarterly and annual data on avariety of subjects illustrating importanteconomic trends and developments, includingpopulation, prices, employment and earnings,energy, manufacturing, transport, construction, internationalmerchandise trade and finance.Vol. LXVII – No. 3, March 2013In addition to the regular recurrent monthly tables, this issueincludes the quarterly and bimonthly tables: Earnings in non-agricultural activities, by sex; Fuel imports, developed economies:unit value and volume indices; value; Indicators on fuel imports,developed economies; External trade conversion factors;Manufactured goods exports: unit value indices, volume indicesand value; Selected series of world statistics.For more information:Online Monthly Bulletin of StatisticsOutreach materialDESA NGO NewsThe April issue is now available online and features news on theGeneral Assembly’s efforts to boost interaction between UN andG20, the second session of Open Working Group on SDGs and theUNAOC and UNESCO campaign “Do One Thing to SupportCultural Diversity and Inclusion”. The monthly newsletter ispublished by DESA’s NGO Branch, providing the most up-to-dateinformation on news and upcoming events of interest to civilsociety at UN headquarters in New York, Geneva and elsewhere.Read full issue: DESA NGO NewsSustainable Development in Action – Issue 4, Volume 1The launch of a sustainable transport action network and bridgingknowledge and capacity gaps for sustainability transition – theseare some of the topics addressed in the latest issue now availableon the Sustainable Development website. Published by DESA’sDivision for Sustainable Development, the newsletter aims tohighlight the work carried out by Member States, the UN, MajorGroups and other relevant stakeholders in implementingsustainable development and leading the way to the Future WeWant.View full issue:Sustainable Development in Action NewsletterYouth Flash NewsletterApril issue is now available featuring an article on “UnitedNations System-wide Action Plan on Youth”. The newsletter ispublished by DESA’s Division for Social Policy andDevelopment Focal Point on Youth to keep the public informedabout the work of the UN on youth issues. It is prepared withinput from UN offices, agencies, and from youth organizationsaround the world.View full issue at: Youth Flash NewsletterEnable NewsletterPrepared by the Secretariat for the Convention on the Rights ofPersons with Disabilities (SCRPD) within DESA’s Division forSocial Policy and Development, the March issue is nowavailable highlighting the upcoming 6th session of theConference of States Parties (COSP6) to be held from 17 to 19July 2013. The newsletter features input from UN offices,agencies, funds and programmes, and civil society.Read full issue: United Nations ENABLEDiscussion papersMonthly Briefing on the World Economic Situation andProspects No. 53Published by DESA’s Development Policy and AnalysisDivision, the April issue sheds light on the renewed concernsabout banking fragility in the euro area as well as the increase ofcapital inflows into emerging markets. The Briefing alsohighlights the new monetary stance disclosed by the Bank ofJapan and the strengthening of the US housing market.Download:Monthly Briefing on the World Economic Situation andProspects No. 53Meeting recordsAdvanced unedited version of the Report on the 15th session ofthe Committee for Development PolicyThe report on the 15th session of the Committee forDevelopment Policy, which was held from 18 to 22 March 2013in New York, includes main findings and recommendations of
    • www.un.org/desa May 2013, Vol. 17, No. 5DESA News | Newsletter of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs 18the Committee on the following themes: the role of science,technology and innovation for achieving sustainable development(the theme of 2013 AMR); addressing the vulnerabilities anddevelopment needs of SIDS; emerging issues in internationaldevelopment in post-2015 era; issues related to the least developedcountries, including proposed guidelines on new reportingrequirements for graduating and graduated LDCs.For more information:Advanced unedited version of the Report on the 15th session of theCommittee for Development PolicyCommittee for Development Policy Background Paper No. 16,Science, technology and innovation for sustainabledevelopmentThe CDP Background Paper argues that science, technology andinnovation (STI) play a critical role in expediting transition to asustainable mode of development. Latecomer nations suffer fromseveral disadvantages as they attempt to catch-up with thetechnological leaders, but they can enjoy latecomer advantages, ifappropriate strategies are formulated and executed.One of the key concepts is leapfrogging, whereby the latecomersabsorb what the technological leaders have to offer and leap to anew environment-friendly techno-economic paradigm. To facilitatesuch a leap, the current intellectual-property-rights regimes need toevolve to one that fosters technology diffusion and greater use ofintellectual property.For more information:Background Paper No. 16, Science, technology and innovation forsustainable development
    • www.un.org/desa May 2013, Vol. 17, No. 5DESA News | Newsletter of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs 19Comings and GoingsComingsThe following staff members were promoted in April:Wei Liu, Sustainable Development Officer, Division forSustainable DevelopmentMichelle Alves de Lima-Miller, Programme Assistant, Division forPublic Administration and Development ManagementChi Hyun Cho, Statistics Assistant, Statistics DivisionHanna W. Denekew, Research Assistant, Office for ECOSOCSupport and CoordinationKimberly Gruber, Information Systems Officer, Statistics DivisionCarlos Gusukuma, Research Assistant, Office for ECOSOCSupport and CoordinationMargo Kemp, Programme Assistant, Office for ECOSOC Supportand CoordinationWai Min Kwok, Governance & Public Admin officer, Division forPublic Administration and Development ManagementMaria Angela Parra, Senior Economic Affairs Officer, Office ofthe Under-Secretary-GeneralDiego Rumiany, Programme Officer, Office for ECOSOC Supportand CoordinationMatteo Sasso, Human Resources Officer, Capacity DevelopmentOffice
    • www.un.org/desa May 2013, Vol. 17, No. 5CalendarMayECOSOC Integration Meeting on Sustainable DevelopmentNew York, 13 Mayhttp://www.un.org/en/ecosoc/we/Expert Group meeting on International StatisticalClassificationsNew York, 13-15 Mayhttp://unstats.un.org/unsd/newsletter/globalstat_unsd_calendar.htmPermanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, 12thsessionNew York, 20-31 Mayhttp://social.un.org/index/IndigenousPeoples.aspx2013 regular session of the Committee on NGOsNew York, 20-29 May & 7 Junehttp://csonet.org/index.php?menu=80Expert group meeting on the taxation of the extractiveindustryNew York, 28 Mayhttp://www.un.org/esa/ffd/tax/2013EGM_EIT/index.htm8th Meeting of the Advisory Expert Group on NationalAccountsLuxembourg, 28-31 Mayhttp://unstats.un.org/unsd/newsletter/globalstat_unsd_calendar.htmExpanding the coordination and resources for theimplementation of the System of National AccountsLuxembourg, 28-29 Mayhttp://unstats.un.org/unsd/newsletter/globalstat_unsd_calendar.htmSpecial Meeting of ECOSOC on International Cooperationin Tax MattersNew York, 29 Mayhttp://www.un.org/esa/ffd/tax/2013ITCM/index.htmTechnical meeting on “Tax treaty administration andnegotiation”New York, 30–31 Mayhttp://www.un.org/esa/ffd/tax/2013TMTTAN/index.htmJune2013 Ethiopia High-Level Symposium on “A renewed globalpartnership for development for a post-2015 era”Addis Ababa, 6-7 Junehttp://www.un.org/en/ecosoc/newfunct/dcfethiopia.shtmlDESA News is an insiders look at the United Nations in the area of economic andsocial development policy. The newsletter is produced by the Communications andInformation Management Service of the United Nations Department of Economic andSocial Affairs in collaboration with DESA Divisions. DESA News is issued everymonth. Please click here to send inquiries.DESA News | Newsletter of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs 20