“ Don’t be too hard on Jefferson for his views toward African-Americans or Indians, and don’t judge Andrew Jackson so harshly for what he did to Native American people. They were both men of their time.”
1. The over-application of an incident-specific criminal description in a way that results in the stopping and harassment of people based on skin color or other “ethnic” appearance.
2. The disproportionate stopping, searching, frisking, and harassment of people of color in the hopes of uncovering a crime, even when there is no crime already in evidence for which a particular description might be available.
A social construct, sometimes based on physical appearance (sometimes not), useful in maintaining hegemony (power), keeping in mind that in a racist construct, “the white race” has historically been the “race” in power.