Digital Bereavement
                             Articulating the Unheard Utterances...




uncommonground4500.blogspot.co...
Grief
            Universal emotion
            Traditionally:
                Formal public gatherings
              ...
Memorializing Facebook




uncommonground4500.blogspot.com     Spring 2010
The Big Question
                        How does the use of
               Facebook profiles change depending
            ...
EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN




uncommonground4500.blogspot.com   Spring 2010
Profile Demographics
                Gender
                    11 males
                    1 female
                C...
Process
            Sampling method
                1 year of pre-death wall posts
                All post-death wall ...
Relevant Theories
            Continuing Bond
                People maintain a changed but continued
                 r...
Predictions                    (for posts after death)

       Complexity/Formality                      Verb Tense
    ...
PRELIMINARY RESULTS




uncommonground4500.blogspot.com   Spring 2010
LIWC Results




uncommonground4500.blogspot.com   Spring 2010
LIWC Results




uncommonground4500.blogspot.com   Spring 2010
Wmatrix Results
            Top Results                Interesting Results
         Pre-Death       Post-Death   Pre-Death...
DESIGN IMPLICATIONS




uncommonground4500.blogspot.com   Spring 2010
uncommonground4500.blogspot.com   Spring 2010
Questions?




uncommonground4500.blogspot.com   Spring 2010
Contact Information

              BLOG
       http://uncommonground4500.blogspot.com

             EMAIL
       uncommong...
References
                Hume, J., & Bressers, B. (2009). Obituaries online: New connections with the
                 ...
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Digital Bereavement

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Uncommon Ground's presentation on research updates (data with initial results and analyses).

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  • universal emotion caused by major loss, handled in different ways
    Traditionally
    Funerals, memorial services, etc
    Diaries
    Recently
    More segmented mobile society
    Need: digital online space to bring people together across space & time, & for support
    FB: memorialization feature

  • - looking at the nature of posting pre- and post-death postings
    - hoping to be able to understand the motivation of FB wall posting
    - hoping that the analysis of our results will give us clues as to why people continue posting on deceased users’ profiles

  • sudden deaths (self-inflicted vs accidental)
  • Cleaning (comments etc)
    We did not include the chronic illness special case in our analysis, BUT we will talk about interesting findings in our results



  • LIWC provides a relatively simple and straightforward picture of how individuals are thinking as they write about deeply personal events.

    Continuing Bond: ppl maintain a changed but continued relationship with the deceased
    Uses & Gratifications: choosing to write on deceased users’ FB walls gratifies specific needs of the grievers

    **Like cont bond theory predicts, there seems to be a “continued” relationship after death, but a changed one because there is more complexity and intimacy

    Formality - more post (reverence?)
    More periods & commas
    Less exclamation points
    Less swears

    * Talk about the different/interesting results for chronic illness


  • Talk about what this means when we reference the theories…





  • Digital Bereavement

    1. 1. Digital Bereavement Articulating the Unheard Utterances... uncommonground4500.blogspot.com Spring 2010
    2. 2. Grief  Universal emotion  Traditionally:  Formal public gatherings  Backstage emotion  Recently:  Digital bereavement  Frontstage utterances uncommonground4500.blogspot.com Spring 2010
    3. 3. Memorializing Facebook uncommonground4500.blogspot.com Spring 2010
    4. 4. The Big Question How does the use of Facebook profiles change depending upon the living-state of the profile holder? uncommonground4500.blogspot.com Spring 2010
    5. 5. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN uncommonground4500.blogspot.com Spring 2010
    6. 6. Profile Demographics  Gender  11 males  1 female  Circumstances  11 sudden deaths  1 chronic illness (treated as a special case)  Age  17 to 32 years uncommonground4500.blogspot.com Spring 2010
    7. 7. Process  Sampling method  1 year of pre-death wall posts  All post-death wall posts  LIWC, SPSS, Wmatrix  Prominent punctuation, words, & parts of speech  Word categories uncommonground4500.blogspot.com Spring 2010
    8. 8. Relevant Theories  Continuing Bond  People maintain a changed but continued relationship with the deceased  Uses and Gratifications  People actively choose to use certain media to gratify specific needs uncommonground4500.blogspot.com Spring 2010
    9. 9. Predictions (for posts after death)  Complexity/Formality  Verb Tense  More - words per sentence,  More - past words per post, long words (>6  Less - future letters), periods, commas, exclusives  Pronoun Usage  Intimacy  More - personal pronouns (I, you, we)  More - family, friend, affect  Other  Emotion  More - religion, death,  More - positive space, time, relativity, motion uncommonground4500.blogspot.com Spring 2010
    10. 10. PRELIMINARY RESULTS uncommonground4500.blogspot.com Spring 2010
    11. 11. LIWC Results uncommonground4500.blogspot.com Spring 2010
    12. 12. LIWC Results uncommonground4500.blogspot.com Spring 2010
    13. 13. Wmatrix Results Top Results Interesting Results Pre-Death Post-Death Pre-Death Post-Death <name> miss lol miss lol you haha you haha love yeah love is always hey always if were hows peace 's and dude never get will should smile well peace yea all yeah much actually beautiful ithaca rip pic memories going missed yo heart soon rest kinda believe uncommonground4500.blogspot.com Spring 2010
    14. 14. DESIGN IMPLICATIONS uncommonground4500.blogspot.com Spring 2010
    15. 15. uncommonground4500.blogspot.com Spring 2010
    16. 16. Questions? uncommonground4500.blogspot.com Spring 2010
    17. 17. Contact Information BLOG http://uncommonground4500.blogspot.com EMAIL uncommonground4500@gmail.com uncommonground4500.blogspot.com Spring 2010
    18. 18. References  Hume, J., & Bressers, B. (2009). Obituaries online: New connections with the living -- and the dead. Omega: Journal of Death and Dying, 60(3), 255-271.  http://baywood.metapress.com/app/home/contribution.asp? referrer=parent&backto=issue,4,6;journal,1,238;linkingpublicationresults, 1:300329,1  Lombard, M., & Selverian, M. E. M. (2008). Telepresence after death. Presence: Teleoper. Virtual Environ., 17(3), 310-325. http://astro.temple.edu/~lombard/ teaching/m9505materials/P2006_Lombard3.doc  M. Massimi paper summary/abstract of his thesis: http:// research.microsoft.com/en-us/um/redmond/groups/connect/CSCW_10/docs/ p521.pdf  Bruflat, R. Gone, but not forgotten: Long-term communciation strategies of bereaved families. Conference Papers -- National Communciation. http:// www.allacademic.com/meta/p_mla_apa_research_citation/1/9/1/2/1/ p191217_index.html uncommonground4500.blogspot.com Spring 2010

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