A disaster is a natural ormanmade event whichresults in wide spread humanloss, loss oflivelihood, property and life.
A natural disaster is amajor adverse event resultingfrom natural processes of theEarth; examplesinclude floods, volcaniceruptions, earthquakes,(http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/news/environment-news/japan-tsunami-2011-vin/ ) and other geologicprocesses. A natural disastercan cause loss of life orproperty damage, andtypically leaves someeconomic damage in itswake………………………..
Personal preparedness focuseson preparing equipment andprocedures for use when adisaster occurs, i.e., planning.Preparedness measures cantake many forms including theconstruction ofshelters, implementation ofan emergencycommunicationsystem, installation of warningdevices, creation of back-uplife-line services.
Planning and preparedness, would allow for abetter, more efficient use of the material andhuman resources.
It involvesmeasures takenin anticipationof, during andimmediatelyafter a disaster toensure that theeffects areminimized.
Hospitals can b quickly be overwhelmed in the event of disaster…Theresponse phase in all cases the focus will quickly turn to fulfilling thebasic needs of the affected population. This assistance may beprovided by national or international agencies and organizations.
The recovery phase starts after theimmediate threat to human life. Duringreconstruction it is recommended toconsider the location or constructionmaterial of the property.
1. Counselingprogram for thosewho lost the nearones2. Restoring serviceslike roads, andcommunicationlinks3. Providing financialsupport andemployment4. Reconstructingdamaged property
It involves measures to eliminateor reduce the incidence ofseverity of disasters.
EvacuationA hospital might need to be evacuated eitherpartially or
Disaster Preparedness for HealthCare Professionals