Kingdoms Of Southeast Asia And Korea2


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Kingdoms Of Southeast Asia And Korea2

  1. 1. C.R. J.J. T.A. E.T. L.A.H.S. Pd.7
  2. 2. <ul><li>Lies between India and Pacific Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>Main land peninsula Boarders China and India </li></ul><ul><li>Largest islands, consist of Sumatra, Borneo, and Java </li></ul><ul><li>Southeast Asia has never been united, politically or culturally </li></ul><ul><li>Through out the history of southeast Asia political power was controlled by trade routes, and harbors. </li></ul><ul><li>Powerful lords would charge huge fees to those wishing to use their ports </li></ul><ul><li>Lords could get away with this because they where in between the Indian Ocean and South China Seas </li></ul><ul><li>T.A. Pd. 7 </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Indian Merchants hand boats had to survive monsoon winds when arriving in Southeast Asia by the first century A.D. </li></ul><ul><li>By the first century A.D. Hindu and Buddhist missionaries had already spread their faiths </li></ul><ul><li>Kingdoms rose following theses particular Religions </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese ideas and culture spread southward in the region from migration </li></ul><ul><li>Southeast Asia Adopted Many Hindu Practices Such as their particular knack for long beautiful poetry </li></ul><ul><li>T.A. Pd.7 </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>For Centuries the Khmer Empire was the main power in Southeast Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Funman an early Khmer king dominated much of the sea trade between India and China </li></ul><ul><li>Kumer was able to expand their state in to and empire by 800 A.D. </li></ul><ul><li>Khmer was most powerful around 1200 A.D. </li></ul><ul><li>Khmer became prosperous because they where able to improve their rice cultivation process </li></ul><ul><li>Khmer created elaborate irrigation and water way systems </li></ul><ul><li>Khmer’s capitol was Angkor </li></ul><ul><li>At Khmers capitol rulers where able to build extensive and largely impressive cities. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the worlds greatest architectural achievement was The Angkor Wat Temple created in Angkor </li></ul><ul><li>C.R. Pd.7 </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Sailendra Dynasty ruled kingdom of agriculture on Java Island </li></ul><ul><li>Built the Buddhist temple, around 800, at Borobudur </li></ul><ul><li>Sailendra Dynasty fell to the island empire of Srivijaya </li></ul><ul><li>Srivijaya ruled the Straut of Malacca and waters around other islands </li></ul><ul><li>Srivijaya grew wealthy from taxing trade through its waters </li></ul><ul><li>Srivijaya capital, Palembang, became center of Buddhist learning </li></ul><ul><li>J.J. Pd.7 </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Vietnamese were the least influenced by India </li></ul><ul><li>Located in the coastal region south of China </li></ul><ul><li>Around 100 B.C., China too over northern Vietnam and remained under Chinese control for 1,000 years </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnam broke away in the early 900s and became independent in 939 </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by Chinese culture, like Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>Rulers of Ly Dynasty (1009 – 1225) established Vietnam capital at Hanoi </li></ul><ul><li>Rulers slowly expanded Vietnam by conquering peoples in the south </li></ul><ul><li>Hanoi captured three times by Mongols, but were forced to withdraw the captures </li></ul><ul><li>J.J. Pd.7 </li></ul>
  7. 7. C.R. Pd.7
  8. 8. <ul><li>Located on a peninsula that juts out of the Asian mainland toward Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Area is about the same size as Utah </li></ul><ul><li>Hot in the summer and very cold in the winter </li></ul><ul><li>Very mountainous, not a lot of farmland available </li></ul><ul><li>Mountain barrier between Korea and Manchuria to the north </li></ul><ul><li>Mountains and seas caused Korea to develop isolated from its neighbors </li></ul><ul><li>J.J. Pd.7 </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>In 108 B.C., the Han empire conquered most of Korea and established a military government. </li></ul><ul><li>Korean tribes began to gather together becoming federations, which then became 3 rival kingdoms. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the tribes, the Silla gained control over the whole Korean peninsula and drove out all of the Chinese. </li></ul><ul><li>They created a new writing system suitable for writing phonetically. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Having to live among big powers, the people on the Korean peninsula have had to cope with countless tribulations. “ Moo-hyum Roh </li></ul><ul><li>E.T. Pd.7 </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>After the Silla died out a rebel officer named Wang Kon gained control and became king beginning the Koryu Dynasty in 935 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>It modeled China’s government and established Confucian civil service examinations. </li></ul><ul><li>During this period, Korean artists produced the much admired celadon pottery. </li></ul><ul><li>The Koreans carved all of the Buddhist scriptures in large wooden blocks. </li></ul><ul><li>Mounting oppression and taxation cause rebellions that over threw the Koryu Dynasty in 1392. </li></ul>E.T. Pd.7
  11. 11. <ul><li>Slide #1 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Slide #2 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Slide #3 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Slide #4 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Slide #5 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Slide #6 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Slide #6 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Slide #7 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>