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Kingdoms Of Southeast Asia And Korea2


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  • 1. C.R. J.J. T.A. E.T. L.A.H.S. Pd.7
  • 2.
    • Lies between India and Pacific Ocean
    • Main land peninsula Boarders China and India
    • Largest islands, consist of Sumatra, Borneo, and Java
    • Southeast Asia has never been united, politically or culturally
    • Through out the history of southeast Asia political power was controlled by trade routes, and harbors.
    • Powerful lords would charge huge fees to those wishing to use their ports
    • Lords could get away with this because they where in between the Indian Ocean and South China Seas
    • T.A. Pd. 7
  • 3.
    • Indian Merchants hand boats had to survive monsoon winds when arriving in Southeast Asia by the first century A.D.
    • By the first century A.D. Hindu and Buddhist missionaries had already spread their faiths
    • Kingdoms rose following theses particular Religions
    • Chinese ideas and culture spread southward in the region from migration
    • Southeast Asia Adopted Many Hindu Practices Such as their particular knack for long beautiful poetry
    • T.A. Pd.7
  • 4.
    • For Centuries the Khmer Empire was the main power in Southeast Asia
    • Funman an early Khmer king dominated much of the sea trade between India and China
    • Kumer was able to expand their state in to and empire by 800 A.D.
    • Khmer was most powerful around 1200 A.D.
    • Khmer became prosperous because they where able to improve their rice cultivation process
    • Khmer created elaborate irrigation and water way systems
    • Khmer’s capitol was Angkor
    • At Khmers capitol rulers where able to build extensive and largely impressive cities.
    • One of the worlds greatest architectural achievement was The Angkor Wat Temple created in Angkor
    • C.R. Pd.7
  • 5.
    • Sailendra Dynasty ruled kingdom of agriculture on Java Island
    • Built the Buddhist temple, around 800, at Borobudur
    • Sailendra Dynasty fell to the island empire of Srivijaya
    • Srivijaya ruled the Straut of Malacca and waters around other islands
    • Srivijaya grew wealthy from taxing trade through its waters
    • Srivijaya capital, Palembang, became center of Buddhist learning
    • J.J. Pd.7
  • 6.
    • Vietnamese were the least influenced by India
    • Located in the coastal region south of China
    • Around 100 B.C., China too over northern Vietnam and remained under Chinese control for 1,000 years
    • Vietnam broke away in the early 900s and became independent in 939
    • Influenced by Chinese culture, like Buddhism
    • Rulers of Ly Dynasty (1009 – 1225) established Vietnam capital at Hanoi
    • Rulers slowly expanded Vietnam by conquering peoples in the south
    • Hanoi captured three times by Mongols, but were forced to withdraw the captures
    • J.J. Pd.7
  • 7. C.R. Pd.7
  • 8.
    • Located on a peninsula that juts out of the Asian mainland toward Japan
    • Area is about the same size as Utah
    • Hot in the summer and very cold in the winter
    • Very mountainous, not a lot of farmland available
    • Mountain barrier between Korea and Manchuria to the north
    • Mountains and seas caused Korea to develop isolated from its neighbors
    • J.J. Pd.7
  • 9.
    • In 108 B.C., the Han empire conquered most of Korea and established a military government.
    • Korean tribes began to gather together becoming federations, which then became 3 rival kingdoms.
    • One of the tribes, the Silla gained control over the whole Korean peninsula and drove out all of the Chinese.
    • They created a new writing system suitable for writing phonetically.
    • “ Having to live among big powers, the people on the Korean peninsula have had to cope with countless tribulations. “ Moo-hyum Roh
    • E.T. Pd.7
  • 10.
    • After the Silla died out a rebel officer named Wang Kon gained control and became king beginning the Koryu Dynasty in 935 B.C.
    • It modeled China’s government and established Confucian civil service examinations.
    • During this period, Korean artists produced the much admired celadon pottery.
    • The Koreans carved all of the Buddhist scriptures in large wooden blocks.
    • Mounting oppression and taxation cause rebellions that over threw the Koryu Dynasty in 1392.
    E.T. Pd.7
  • 11.
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