Wife battering haram in islam

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Detailed research on issue of domestic violence and prohibition of wife battering in Islam.Informative for all truth seeking persons.Presentation is just a glimpse of whole research.

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Wife battering haram in islam

  1. 1. DOMESTIC VIOLENCE CRITICAL STUDY IN LIGHT OF ISLAMIC SHARIAH WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  2. 2. “PRINCIPLES OF ISLAMIC JURISPRUDENCE” PROJECT “DOMESTIC VIOLENCE CRITICAL STUDY IN LIGHT OF ISLAMIC SHARIAH” Engr. SUMERA KHALID WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  3. 3. Table of Contents Section Description 1 INTRODUCTION 2 BATTERING AGAINST WOMEN IS HARAM PROVED BY QURAN 3 PROVED BY HADITH 4 LIGHT BEATING IN ISLAM IS WITH SIWAK(MISWAK) 5 SUMMARY OF A FATWA, “THE PROHIBITION OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IN ISLAM “ 6 CONCLUSION WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  5. 5. WELCOME WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM DOMESTIC VOILENCE: By definition, domestic violence is a pattern of abuse – physical, sexual, financial, spiritual, emotional and verbal, including disparagement, blame, being ostracized, isolated and condemned. WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  6. 6. WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  7. 7. 5 FORMS OF VOILENCE • PHYSICAL. • EMOTIONAL. • SEXUAL. • PSYCHOLOGICAL. • ECONOMIC. WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  8. 8. WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  9. 9. ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE ON DOMESTIC VOILENCE WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  10. 10. • “O mankind! reverence your Lord, who created you from a single soul, and created, of like nature, its mate, and from them twain scattered (like seeds) countless men and women; reverence Allah, through whom ye demand your mutual (rights), and (reverence) the wombs (that bore you), for God ever watches over you.” WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  11. 11. • Status of women in pre Islamic era. • Female infanticide. • Islam as a light in darkness. • Equal rights of man and woman. WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  12. 12. ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE ON DOMESTIC VOILENCE. WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  13. 13. • "O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that ye may know each other (not that ye may despise (each other). Verily the most honored of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the most righteous of you. And Allah has full knowledge and is well acquainted (with all things)" (Qur’an, 49:13). WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  14. 14. • Men and women are partners of one another. • They don’t own each other. • Islam condones wrong acts. • Islam provides healthy alternatives. WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  15. 15. In the light of Sunnah: • Prophet said, “Never beat God’s handmaidens (female believers).“ • “Could any of you beat his wife as he would beat a slave, and then lie with her in the evening?” • Incidence of Hazrat Ayesha. WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  16. 16. • “The Believers, men and women, are protectors one of another (awliya’): they enjoin what is just, and forbid what is evil: they observe regular prayers, practice regular charity, and obey Allah and His Messenger. On them will Allah pour His mercy: for Allah is Exalted in power, Wise.” WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  17. 17. • Controversy of the verse 4;34. • Meaning of the word ‘daraba’. • Wrong interpretation of the word and meaning. WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  18. 18. BATTERING AGAINST WOMEN IS HARAM WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  19. 19. PROVED BY QURAN • Wife beating is more common in societies in which men have economic and decision-making power in the household, where women do not have easy access to divorce, and where adults use violence to resolve their conflicts. The second strongest predictor of the frequency of wife-beating is the absence of all-women workgroups.” • There are numbers of Quranic verses that explain that violence against women is haram.In Islam there is absolutely no difference between men and women as far as their relationship to Allah is concerned, as both are promised the same reward for good conduct and the same punishment for evil conduct. The Quran says WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  20. 20. PROVED BY QURAN • “O you who have believed, it is not lawful for you to inherit women by compulsion. And do not make difficulties for them in order to take [back] part of what you gave them unless they commit a clear immorality. And live with them in kindness. For if you dislike them perhaps you dislike a thing and Allah makes therein much good” Considering the fact that before the advent of Islam the pagan Arabs used to bury their female children alive, make women dance naked in the vicinity of the Ka'bah during their annual fairs, and treat women as mere chattels and objects of sexual pleasure possessing no rights or position whatsoever, these teachings of the Noble Quran were revolutionary. WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  21. 21. PROVED BY QURAN • Unlike other religions, which regarded women as being possessed of inherent sin and wickedness and men as being possessed of inherent virtue and nobility, Islam regards men and women as being of the same essence created from a single soul. The Quran declares: Another verse of Quran strictly criticized that battering or violence against women is haram .It is not allowed in Quran or Islamic shariah to hit a women.The Quran says : WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  22. 22. PROVED BY QURAN • “O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah , through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Indeed Allah is ever, over you, an Observer” Thus Quran is a solid proof of that “VIOLENCE AGINST WOMEN IS TOTALLY PROHIBITED IN ISLAM’’ WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  23. 23. PROHIBITION OF BATTERING AGAINTS WOMEN - PROVED BY HADITH WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  24. 24. 1 •Prohibition of battering againts women - proved by Hadith 1 • Condition of women before the advent of Islam. 2 • Status of women after arrival of Islam. WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  25. 25. 1 1 2 3 •Holy Prophet times incident •Death penalty for proven rape •Hadith narrated by muawiyah WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  26. 26. 2 4 5 6 • Hadith narrated by Muawiyah • Hadith against beating • Permission of beating with condition. WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  27. 27. LIGHT BEATING IN ISLAM IS WITH SIWAK(MISWAK): WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  28. 28. • Islamic scholars and commentators have emphasized that hitting, even where permitted, is not to be harsh. or some even contend that they should be "more or less symbolic.“ • Abu Shaqqa ,Hanafi scholar, notes that the reprimand should be "A non-violent blow with miswak [a small stick used to clean the teeth] or similar. This means that to hit with any other means is legally [Islamically] forbidden. WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  29. 29. • Ata' said: "I asked Ibn `Abbas: 'What is the hitting that is ghayr al-mubarrih?' He replied: '[With] the siwak and the like'." WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  30. 30. • The Prophet (peace be on him) once, when angry with his servant, mentioned to him, saying, 'If it were not for the fear of retaliation on the Day of Resurrection, I would have beaten you with this miswak (tooth-cleaning stick)‘. WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  31. 31. WELCOME WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM THE PROHIBITION OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IN ISLAM” Shaykh M. Hisham Kabbani Dr. Homayra Ziad, FatwaWWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  32. 32. Introduction • The authors of the fatwa explain the rulings about the notion of "wife beating" In this verse one word alone invokes the controversy, The word w'adribuhunna, from the Arabic verb daraba. WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  33. 33. WELCOME WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM A linguistic Exploration of the Word “Daraba The best understanding of the Quranic terminology comes from the Holy Qur’an itself, seeking the meaning of a word in one verse by studying its use in other verses. WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  34. 34. The root ‘daraba’ has over fifty derivations They present ten Quranic meanings of daraba: 1. To hold up as an example 2. To coin a similitude 3. To coin 4. To cite an example of bad behavior 5. To brand with or stamp upon 6. To strike a path 7. To go about 8. To set forth 9. To set up WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  35. 35. WELCOME WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM Interpreting the Holy Qur’an The Qur’an protects and upholds family values with the reference and meaning of different ayath . WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  36. 36. FATWA SUMMARY • The fatwa also states, "Imam Suyuti reasoned that a wife should not be beaten, but rather softness and good conduct should be shown her an, if necessary, outside parties should intervene to restore. WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  37. 37. CONCLUSION WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  38. 38. WELCOME WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM “Wife beating is more common in societies in which men have economic and decision-making power in the household, where women do not have easy access to divorce, and where adults use Australia & New Zealand violence to resolve their conflicts. The second Title of the Presentation frequency of wifestrongest predictor of the Sub-title of the Presentation beating is the absence of all-women workgroups.” Ruchira Tabassum Naved, ‘A Situational Analysis of Violence against Women in South Asia’ WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  39. 39. The Family Violence Prevention Fund described "a pattern of assaultive and forcible behaviors, including physical, sexual, and psychological attacks, as well as economic pressure that adults or adolescents use against their intimate partner” WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  40. 40. Qur’an describes the relationship between spouses as one founded on mercy, compassion, and tranquility. There are verses that specifically prohibit behaviors that constitute emotional and psychological abuse, such as spying, intimidating, namecalling, insulting, and blackmailing. WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM It was narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, "The best of you is the best towards his wife, and I'm the best of you to my wives.“ (Al-Bayhaqi and Ibn Hibban from `Aishah)
  41. 41. This one verse in the Qur’an that mentions hitting one’s wife has been the subject of much attack from non-Muslims and controversy among Muslims Qur’an 4:34. verse begins by describing  the protective responsibility that men have over women, and defines their leadership role in financially supporting the family WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  42. 42.  It then identifies the steps a husband should take in the event a wife is guilty of disloyalty (nushuz), with the final step in the process being to hit her.  An Arabic word, that has been interpreted in a variety of ways, including sexual misconduct, disobedience, and ill‐will.  This final step has also been translated from Arabic as “leave her.”. WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  43. 43. Scholars views  that this verse is not teaching wife-beating; ----the hitting should be done in a manner that would leave no mark or injury;  and that it provides a step-by-step procedure to deal with a very specific and very severe threat to the marriage.  The verse underscores the importance of the marital unit, the gravity of sexual misconduct, and the ultimate accountability of both spouses to God. WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  44. 44. What Muslim women do.. Research shows that the more we are exposed to violence against women, the less we are upset by it. Muslim women need to improve their knowledge of their own faith, and then reclaim their right to define themselves in the light of the Qur'an and the Sunnah,. WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  45. 45. Preventive Measures..  Families need to maintain open lines of communication between all of their members;  regular family meetings where everyone is allowed to express themselves without any recriminations are helpful.  Marriage must be seen as a partnership, and marriage contracts should specify a commitment to an abuse-free and violence-free family WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM
  46. 46. WWW.UNIQUEPLACES.COM

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