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Sholess learning enviornment


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  • 1. feet are meant to be used, not hidden in shoes. -anonymous
  • 3. "Humans have engaged in endurance running for millions of years, but the modern running shoe was not invented until the 1970s. For most of human evolutionary history, runners were either barefoot or wore minimal footwear such as sandals or moccasins with smaller heels and little cushioning relative to modern running shoes.“ -journal Nature Introduction ‘Old is gold’ like the saying as we as dawoodi bohra community we have a huge historical wisdom on our living and life. Thus keeping in mind our strong roots and following the foot steps of our ancestors going shoeless is of high importance. In this presentation we will see the scientific benefits and the importance & impact of shoeless learning around the world
  • 5. BENEFITS OF GOING SHOELESS This may explain how marathon runners in Kenya are able to run great distances barefoot with virtually no pain or injuries. Likewise, research reviewed by Michael Warburton, a physical therapist in Australia, revealed: •Running-related chronic injuries to bone and connective tissue in the legs are rare in developing countries, where most people are habitually barefooted. •Where barefoot and shod populations co-exist, as in Haiti, injury rates of the lower extremity are substantially higher in the shod population. •Wearing footwear actually increases the likelihood of ankle sprains, one of the most common sports injuries, because it either decreases your awareness of foot position or increases the twisting torque on your ankle during a stumble. •One of the most common chronic injuries in runners, planter fasciitis (an inflammation of the ligament running along the sole of your foot), is rare in barefoot populations. •Running in bare feet reduces oxygen consumption by a few percent. • According to Zucker research has shown significant improvements in inflammationrelated disorders, chronic pain, sleep disorders, low energy, high stress, muscle tension, headache relief, hormonal and menstrual symptoms, protection from EMF’s and many more health-related issues all by direct daily contact with the earth. Barefoot therapy
  • 6. Grounding: The Overlooked Benefit of Going Barefoot •While much of the debate between the barefoot and the shoed-foot focuses on the potential for injury, another often overlooked aspect is grounding. The technique of grounding, also known as earthing, is simple: you walk barefoot to "ground" with the Earth. The scientific theory behind the health benefits seen from this simple practice is that your body absorbs negative electrons from the Earth through the soles of your feet. •The Earth is negatively charged, so when you ground, you're connecting your body to a negatively charged supply of energy. And since the Earth has a greater negative charge than your body, you end up absorbing electrons from it. The grounding effect is, in my understanding, one of the most potent antioxidants we know of and may have an anti-inflammatory effect on your body. As written in the Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine •Unfortunately, few people ever walk barefoot anymore to experience the benefits of grounding. But it is very plausible that some of the people who have converted to barefoot running are experiencing benefits not only from the lack of shoes, but also from the increased connection to the Earth.
  • 7. Walking Barefoot Is a Valuable Aspect of a Healthy Lifestyle Exercising barefoot outdoors is one of the most wonderful, inexpensive and powerful ways of incorporating Earthing into your daily life and will also help speed up tissue repair, as well as easing the muscle pain you sometimes get from strenuous exercise. A review of the available research, published January 2012 in the Journal of Environmental and Public Health, agrees with the concept of reaping health benefits when connecting to the earth . According to the authors: "Mounting evidence suggests that the Earth's negative potential can create a stab le internal bioelectrical environment for the normal functioning of all body systems. Moreover, oscillations of the intensity of the Earth's potential may b e important for setting the biological clocks regulating diurnal body rhythms, such as cortical secretion. Throughout history, humans mostly walked barefoot or with footwear made of animal skins. They slept on the ground or on skins. Through direct contact or through perspiration-moistened animal skins used as footwear or sleeping mats, the ground's abundant free electrons were able to enter the body, which is electrically conductive. Through this mechanism, every part of the body could equilibrate rate with the electrical potential of the Earth, thereby stabilizing the electrical environment of all organs, tissues, and cells. Modern lifestyle has increasingly separated humans from the primordial flow of Earth's electrons. During recent decades, chronic illness, immune disorders, and inflammatory diseases have increased dramatically, and some researchers have cited environmental factors as the cause. However, the possibility of modern disconnection with the Earth's surface as a cause has not been considered. Much of the research reviewed in this paper points in that direction."
  • 8. Before You Take Off Your Shoes… Just taking off your shoes, if you've been wearing them all your life, does not mean you'll immediately attain proper barefoot running form. Many new barefoot runners continue to land heavily on their heels -- and the result can be injury. So if you decide to give barefoot running a try, make sure you do it slowly, progressing gradually to more and more time spent without shoes. A good starting point is to first try walking barefoot and then begin with quarter-mile barefoot runs. When you start going barefoot it is best to initiate on naturally softer ground like grass, dirt paths and sand, not cement, asphalt or hardwood. When the muscles and joints of your foot become more stable and the skin on the bottom of your feet thickens, you will be able to handle progressively more time barefoot and on a wider variety of surfaces. One final note, barefoot running or walking doesn't have to be an "all or nothing" decision. You can incorporate as much barefoot time into your life as you feel comfortable with. Quite possibly, you'll enjoy it so much that you will naturally find yourself kicking off your shoes as much as possible.
  • 9. On the way shoeless 1. Clear Your Mind It’s hard not to pay attention to every step when you’re walking barefoot. You have to be on the look out for sharp rocks and thorns. Awareness of what’s in front of you in this moment quiets your inner chatter and clears your mind and helps you focus on the here and now. 5. Get a Good Night's Sleep. The ancients believed that walking barefoot in the grass was the best cure for insomnia, and many people still swear by it today. 4. Decrease Anxiety & Depression. Walking barefoot in the grass can help decrease anxiety and depression by 62 percent, and increases the levels of those feel good endorphins. Awesome! 2. It’s Free Foot Yoga Walking barefoot strengthens and stretches the muscles, tendons and ligaments in your feet, ankles and calves. This helps prevent injury, knee strain and back problems. Not only that, but because it works muscles not used when you’re wearing shoes, it strengthens and stretches your core, helping keep your posture upright, and your balance spot on. 3. It’s a Free Reflexology Session. There are reflex points to every part of your body in your feet. Every little bump and rock in the road helps to stimulate all these little reflex points. If it hurts at first – especially in specific areas, this means your feet need the stimulation they’re getting by being barefoot. Over time, these sensitivities will go away, and the areas the tenderness corresponds to will be rejuvenated, helping decrease the symptoms of whatever it is that ails you.
  • 10. 6. It’s Grounding. Literally. Our bodies are made up of about 60 percent water, which is great for conducting electricity. The earth has a negative ionic charge. Going barefoot grounds our bodies to that charge. Negative Ions have been proven to detoxify, calm, reduce inflammation, synchronise your internal clocks, hormonal cycles and physiological rhythms. The best places to get some negative ions through your feet are by the water. Everyone knows how good it feels to be barefoot on the beach – now we know why! 7. Get Back to What Matters. To be barefoot outside doesn’t just involve your feet – the rest of you has to be outside too. You get to connect with Mother Nature all around. Feel the sunshine on your face; hear the wind in the trees. It’s easier to connect to a higher power when you’re in touch with Nature; it’s easier to put things into perspective. Who knew something as simple as a barefoot walk could be so good for you – mind, body and soul. Numerous studies throughout the world indicate that footwear actually causes the majority of our foot, leg, and back problems. In fact, in countries where shoes are not worn, only three percent of these problems occur in comparison to shoe-wearing populations.
  • 11. SHOELESS ENVIRONMENT AT HOME •Leave shoes at the door. Having a shoeless sanctuary cuts down on dirt and pollutants tracked into your house. Think about all of the places your shoes travel in a day. •When you wear them inside your house, you bring all of that into your home—including lawn pesticides, coal tar from asphalt surfaces, lead, and even E. coli. These •substances have been linked to cancer as well as neurological and reproductive disorders. Keep the toxins out by taking off your shoes when you get home. •It is custom to remove your shoes in all homes and some other buildings. • Some gyms have you remove your shoes and put on a different pair that is only worn inside. Therefore the filth of the street is not transferred to the floor. “Going barefoot is the gentlest way of walking and can symbolise a way of living — being authentic, vulnerable, sensitive to our surroundings. It’s the feeling of enjoying warm sand beneath our toes, or carefully making our way over sharp rocks in the darkness. It’s a way of living that has the lightest impact, removing the barrier between us and nature.” — Adele Coombs, “Barefoot Dreaming”
  • 12. SHOELESS LEARING •We’ve lost our contact with the earth and its inherent electrical field. In discarding (or minimizing) this physical connection, we’re forgoing natural healing benefits that previously played a significant role in our physiological functioning. The body, when grounded in the earth, returns to its natural electrical homeostasis as part of the living electrical matrix. It’s an intriguing theory with, as yet, little attention. Is attention warranted though? Is it really the “most important health discovery ever,” as the authors suggest? •Some nursery practitioners think parents would never allow their children to be barefoot in nursery. They explain how barefoot children have a richer sensory experience. Without shoes children can feel differences between surfaces, splash in water and squish mud between their toes.
  • 13. Shoeless in public •The southern islands of Japan resemble Florida in weather and lifestyle. Warmer and more casual than the big cities of Tokyo or Osaka. One of the traditions is the children attend school barefoot • One of the local medical doctors explained that the shoe companies suggested the schools should modernize and force the kids should wear "inside shoes". Case study secondary boys at Lampton School, Hounslow, London •A comparison study was done between schools that used inside shoes verse schools where the children attended school and played barefoot. • It should be noted that the playground in the schools had a soft sandy soil that was created to stimulate the soles of the children's feet. •The idea was if the feet were strong the ankles were strong, then the knees were strong all the way up to the head. • The school's playground toys (Jungle Gyms) had toe and finger holds to help strengthen the body. • Schools have a hands free foot washing station for when they returned to classroom. •Since the feet were open to air there was little to no occurrence of foot fungus. Something thought of as a foreign disease. To grow fungus you need a moist dark warm place such as a shoe. • It should also be noted that in the bathrooms separate sandals used only in the bathroom were placed. •The result of the study was the barefoot kids had higher grades, much lower absenteeism, less frequency of colds, and enjoyed school more. Also vandalism was much lower. It seems barefoot kids don't break things. •They learn team work, discipline, cleanliness, personal space responsibility
  • 14. Kids reaction Research One post surgical knee study found that those going shoeless verse wearing sports shoes found the barefoot patients did much better. It seems the shoes angled the ten percent forward causing the faulty healing. Studies of cultures that never wear or have worn shoes have found no foot problems outside congenital and injuries. It seems there is less jarring of the back and less back problems with those raised barefoot. I often ask my older patients with good backs if they went barefoot as a youth and they often respond "Yes, we were poor" or "I never liked shoes". Shoe sole impact Future Although in an ideal world it is paved in grass, the reality is we were not made to walk on concrete all day long. However, allowing your children's feet and our own to breath and spread out more can not hurt. More and more studies are alluding that natural or bare is better. Obviously, there are social restrictions but more and more companies are coming out with barefoot technology shoes. In the future all shoes may tend to engineered this way. After studying the diary of a Missouri family who travelled to California during the Gold Rush for their history class, the students got to spend a day of school just like their historic counterparts, who usually did not wear shoes in school. The students liked the experience. "We get to going barefoot," Amanda McDowell, 11, answered when asked what she thought was most special about the field trip. Conclusion Studies also indicate that children’s feet are negatively affected by conventional footwear by the age of six. Footwear, most particularly those with cushioning features, dampens the sensory input necessary to stimulate proprioceptive muscle contractions. These muscle contractions are required to align the bones to effectively manage the forces generated relative to the activity––the more intense the activity, the higher the arch required. Conventional insoles and shoe inserts (orthotics) work in much the same manner as supportive footwear; hey provide additional cushioning, support, or bracing for the foot, which further contributes to a weaker structure.
  • 15. Doctor’s point of view •As a family physician, I firmly believe that children should play in their bare feet or in activity shoes that complement natural foot development and proper biomechanics of movement. •As a doctor I firmly believe that the strongest support for a child is a strong foot that is flat on the ground. •As a parent and physician I believe that the APMA statements could cause harm in a developing child’s foot. A foot builds its own intrinsic support via communication with the ground, building strength and stability through proprioception, and allowing normal force loads to be applied to the areas that nature intended. If you change anything from what is normal in a developing child, then you proceed at your own peril. B-bare feet of a child A-shoe feet of a child
  • 16. SCIENTIFIC REASONING OF SHOELESS LEARNING •Here’s an important point to keep in mind – a child’s foot is not a miniature version of an adult’s foot. •In early development, a child’s foot is widest across the toes. • If our population wore shoes that were designed with this functional shape from birth, most adults would also have feet with the widest part across the toes, and the toes would be perfectly aligned with the metatarsals (long bones in mid foot). •Most of a child’s developing foot is composed of cartilage, which is gradually replaced by bone. • If the cartilage is deformed by badly shaped or rigid shoes, the bones will take on the deformed shape. • More than 80% of foot problems, bunions and injuries are a result of misshaped and inflexible shoes. It’s vital that kid’s shoes allow enough room for natural growth, until the foot bones mature. •This doesn’t happen until ages 18-19 for girls and 20-21 for boys. Simply put; inflexible, poorly shaped shoes are potentially harmful – they restrict the natural movement and development of the foot.
  • 17. Heppell’s theory is that this shoeless learning is grounding for students. It results in quieter students and better behaviour. The teacher is encouraged to also take their shoes off. In Finland and Scandanavia it is common practice for students to always have their shoes off. Reading the information about the many joys and benefits of bare feet, I would be tempted to think that if kids weren't required to wear shoes at school, none of them would. And they would all grow up happier, healthier, stronger, and safer as a result. Pretty soon the whole world would be better place. -Krista •For new walkers, like toddlers, feeling the ground beneath their feet is essential to learning to become mobile. It’s how they learn to coordinate the muscles from their legs to their toes to balance upright and get where they want to go, explains Marlene Reid, DPM, a podiatric surgeon in Naperville, IL. •But since we all start shoving our feet into shoes by preschool, some experts believe we’re inhibiting the senses in our feet and causing the tiny muscles to weaken like an arm or leg that’s been in a cast. “Feet are sophisticated parts packed with bones, ligaments, and muscles that provide support through the arches,” says Amy Matthews, a movement analyst. “Shoes can make the feet passive and unconscious because they do all the work for us.” •Reconnecting with the tiny muscles and the senses in your feet can help you use your whole body more effectively, warding off future injuries.
  • 18. BENEFITS OF SHOE LESS EDUCATION ENVIRONMENT On the global scenario the shoe less education environment concept is fast catching up and is a globally accepted practice of high regard. Here below are a few highlights of a shoeless educational environment : •Children seem simply to behave better. Bullying is reduced as a pupil says: "it's just hard to be naughty with your shoes off •Carpets are much cleaner - and more hygienic. There is around 20% cleaning and maintenance gains and reduced wear and tear on the furniture and environment. •Noise is reduced - this is a mix of consequences: Carpeted floors are quieter and don't echo with footfalls. Children move more "gently" , behaviour is significantly gentler whilst children circulate. •Children are much more willing to sit on floors and soft furnishings - and are much more likely to read and engage with their iPads, laptops, etc than in the uncomfortable upright chairs that children never read sitting on outside of school; •Hygienic for the feet due to better breathing and freeness. •Bare feet students seem to be more healthier and have better and stronger backs. In China they speak of the reflexology of the foot directly onto the floor; In India they speak of the "respect" - take shoes off when entering a sacred space; In England we think it is "more like home“ Interesting reads:
  • 20. SHOELESS SCHOOLS shoeless children of all ages on the TK park learning centre in Bangkok Also in Tk Park - the shoes are exchanged for simple floor cushions in these racks that have been copied by many children in Hartlepool's Jesmond Gardens Primary School - wear and tear on furnishings, especially soft furnishings, is a lot less and children are happy to use the floor as a learning space
  • 21. children of secondary age using the tiered seating (from the Isis furniture calalogue) in their classroom in London just a strip of plastic floor to sore a huge number of shoes and boots this in Norway's Tromso - but note the lack of carpets and children are still delighted to sit shoeless on the floor In Tasmania old library racks and sheleves are reused outside (but under cover) as the shoe storage solution
  • 22. BIBLIOGRAPHY oeless-learning/