The founder is Abdullah Bin Saba’. Emerged after the assassination of the fourth caliph, Ali, in 661. During the 10th and 11th centuries, Shia Islam had a large following throughout the Middle East. Today Shiites are in the majority in Iran, and large numbers are found in Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, India, Pakistan, and parts of Central Asia. Their total number exceeds 165 million. Nowadays Shi‘ite Islam is divided into three main branches. All three groups follow a different line of Imamate.
Three Main Branches THE FIVERS The Seveners The Twelvers
The Twelvers ( ) The largest branch of Shī‘īte Islam. Each Imam was the son of the previousImam, with the exception of Husayn ibn Ali, whowas the brother of Hasan ibn Ali. The twelfth andfinal Imam is Muhammad al-Mahdi, who isbelieved by the Twelvers to be currently alive inoccultation. Twelver Shia believe in the lineage ofthe Twelve Imams. The Twelver Shia faith ispredominantly foundin Iran(est.90%), Azerbaijan (est. 65%),Bahrain (est.70%), Iraq (est. 60%), Lebanon (est.24%), Kuwait (est. 33%), Turkey (est.15%), Albania (est. 10%), Pakistan (est. 10–15%)and Afghanistan (est. 15%).
The List Of Twelver’s Imaam ‘Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib Ḥasan ibn ‘Alī Ḥusayn ibn ‘Alī ‘Alī ibn Ḥusayn Ja‘far ibn Muḥammad ibn‘Alī ibn Mūsá Mūsá ibn Ja‘far Muḥammad ‘AlīMuḥammad ‘Alī ibn Hujjat ibn Ḥasan ibn ‘Alī ibn ‘Alī Muḥammad Ḥasan
The Seveners The second largest part of the Shī‘ahcommunity after the Twelvers. The Ismā‘īlī get their name from theiracceptance of Ismā‘īl ibn Ja‘far. They differ from the Twelvers, whoaccept Mūsà al-Kāzim, younger brother ofIsmā‘īl, as the true Imam. In recent centuries Ismā‘īlīs have largelybeen an Indo-Iranian community but theyare foundin India, Pakistan, Syria, Palestine, SaudiArabia,Yemen, China,Jordan, Uzbekistan,Tajikistan, Afghanistan, EastAfrica and South Africa, and have inrecent years emigratedto Europe, Australia, New Zealand,and North America.
1. 5. Ali bin Abi Talib Jaʿfar ṣ-Ṣādiq a ( ) (2. 6. Husayn Ibnu Ali Ismāʿīl ( ) ( )3. 7. ʿAlī Zayn al-ʿĀbidīn Muhammad ( ) ( )4. Muḥammad al-Bāqir ( )
THE FIVERS Named after the ImāmZayd ibn ʻAl ī. TheZaidis, Twelvers and Ismailis recognize the same firstfour Imams, however, theZaidis recognise Zayd ibnAli not hisbrother Muhammad al-Baqir — as the "FifthImām". Zaidis constitute about40–45% of the populationin Yemen.
THE LIST OF THE FIVERS’ IMAM 1st imam Ali ibn Abu Talib 2nd imam 3rd imam Hasan ibn Husayn Ali ibn Ali4th imam 5th imamZayn al- Zayd ibn Abidin Ali
THE DOCTRINES OF SHI’ITE
THE POSITIVE ATTRIBUTES OF ALLÁH Tawhid Qadím: Alláh is eternal. Qadir: Alláh is omnipotent. Alim: Alláh is omniscient. Hay: Alláh is living. A’dalah Muríd: Alláh has his own discretion is all(Justice of Allah) affairs. Mudrik: Alláh is all-perceiving. Mutakalim: Alláh is the Lord of the Worlds. Nubuwwah Sadiq: Alláh is truthful. (Prophethood) God has appointed specific leaders to Imamah lead and guide mankind. The important is he must be descended from Ali and Fatima. The last Imam, the Mahdi, is believed Ma’ad not to have died but to be in hiding and (The Day of will appear at the end of time in order to Judgment) bring about the victory of the Shia faith.
Amr bil-Maruf(Commandingwhat is good) Zakat (Poor-rate)Nahi anil- Salat (Prayer)Munkar Khums(Forbidding (One-fifth ofwhat is evil) savings) Sawm (Fast)Tawalla Jihad(Loving the (Struggle)Ahl-ul-bait and Hajjtheir followers) (Pilgrimage) Mut’ah (TemporaryTabarra marriage)(Dissociatingoneself from theenemies of theAhl-ul-bait
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SHI’ITE AND SUNNI SUNNI SHIITE Imaam is appointed by majority Khalifah bequest in nas. with regard to certain things or qualification. Imaam is derived from Arabic’s Imam is based on the word of word meaning the leader for the God Maksum. followers. Ali is the leader of Muslims died Saydina Ali is the forth chaliph after the Prophet. after Abu Bakr,Umar and Uthman. Allow gathering( jama’) only in Allow to gather rakaat(jama’) in journey or travel with certain the prayers in all circumstance. conditions. Only Allah & Prophet (pbuh)’s Insert name of Saydina Ali in names in our testimony their testimony (syahaadah) & (syahaadah) & summon(azaan) . summon(azaan) .
Narrated from the Prophet, he said : "The Jews split into 71 groups; one will enter Paradise and 70 will enter Hell. The Christians split into 72 groups; 71 will enter Hell and one willenter Paradise. By Him in Whose Power is the life of Muhammad, without doubt,my Ummah will be divided into 73 groups. 72 will enter Hell and only one will enter Paradise He asked: "O Messenger of Allah, Who is the one group that!". Hereplied, "Al-Jamaah that is Al Jamaah."