Nur558 learning styles5-3-12


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Nur558 learning styles5-3-12

  1. 1. NUR 558Unit 3 – Learning Styles
  2. 2. Objectives• Describe the different styles of learning.• Develop awareness of various approaches to studying based on one’s preferred style of learning.• Identify one’s individual learning style.
  3. 3. Learning Styles• Learning styles are the various approaches or ways of learning.• They are particular to each individual.• They involve educational methods that allow individuals to learn the best.
  4. 4. Overview• VAK learning styles – Visual learners – Auditory learners – Kinesthetic learners• The Multiple Intelligences Model – Linguistic – Logical-Mathematical – Musical – Bodily-Kinesthetic – Spatial-Visual – Interpersonal – Intrapersonal
  5. 5. VAK learning styles (Chapman, 2005)
  6. 6. Visual Learners• Visual learning refers to a persons ability to perceive, analyze, and understand visual information in the world around them.• Learn best when taught using written, modeled, or diagrammed instruction and visual media.• Tend to be readers who diligently take down every word.
  7. 7. Auditory Learners• Learn primarily through listening.• They focus their ears and attention on your words, listening carefully to everything you say.• They like to talk rather than write and discuss what theyve heard.
  8. 8. Kinesthetic Learners• Process information best through a “hands-on” experience.• Learn best by actually doing an activity or being physically active in the learning environment.
  9. 9. VAK Learning Style InventoryRead the bolded column on the left. Choose how you would normally approach the task. Put a pointin the column that applies to you, in general. Total the columns to indicate your relative learningstyle preference/s. The column/s with the most points is it! Visual Auditory Kinesthetic operate new equipment read instructions listen to explanation have a go travel directions look at a map ask for spoken directions use a compass cook a new dish follow a recipe call a friend for explanation taste as you cook teach someone demonstrate and let them something write instructions explain verbally have a go youd say.. I see what you mean I hear what you are saying I know how you feel youd say.. show me tell me let me try youd say.. watch how I do it listen to me explain you have a go send or take it back to the faulty goods write a letter Phone call store leisure museums and galleries music and conversation playing sport buying gifts books music tools and gadgets shopping look and imagine discuss with shop staff try on and test choose a vacation read the brochures listen to recommendations imagine the experience choose a new car read the reviews discuss with friends test-drive TOTALS:
  10. 10. Study ToolsVisual learners:• Develop graphic organizers for new material• Draw mind maps• Develop charts and graphs• Use highlighter to emphasis key points• Visualize MaterialAuditory learners:• Record lectures• Study in groups• Participate in discussions• Read and answer questions out loud• “talk your way” through problemsKinesthetic learners:• Participate in projects• Make note cards or sample tests• Take frequent breaks and move around• Copy key points onto dry erase board
  11. 11. Howard Gardner’sMultiple Intelligence Model (Chapman, 2005)
  12. 12. Linguistic• Refers to an individuals ability to understand and manipulate words and languages.• Includes reading, writing, speaking, and other forms of verbal and written communication• People such as poets authors, and attorneys exhibit strong linguistic intelligence• Highly valued in today’s education system
  13. 13. Logical-Mathematical• Individuals ability to analyze problems logically, carry out mathematical operations, and investigate issues scientifically.• Likes to play strategy games and solve mathematical problems• Real life examples are Albert Einstein, Niehls Bohr, and John Dewery.• Highly valued in today’s education system
  14. 14. Musical• Involves skill in the performance, composition, and appreciation of musical patterns.• It encompasses the capacity to recognize and compose musical pitches, tones, and rhythms.• Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Louis Armstrong are examples.
  15. 15. Bodily-Kinesthetic• Entails the potential of using ones whole body or parts of the body to solve problems.• It is the ability to use mental abilities to coordinate bodily movements.• Likes to move around, touch the people they are talking to, and act things out.• People with this intelligence are Michael Jordan, Martina Naratilova, and Jim Carey.
  16. 16. Spatial-Visual• An individual’s ability to recognize and use the patterns of wide space and more confined areas.• Learn best from visual presentations such as movies, pictures, videos, and demonstrations using models or props.• Real life examples include Pablo Picasso, Bobby Fisher, and Georgia O’Keefe
  17. 17. Interpersonal• Refers to an individuals ability to understand the intentions, motivations and desires of other people.• It allows people to work effectively with others.• Educators, salespeople, religious and political leaders and counselors all need a well- developed interpersonal intelligence.
  18. 18. Intrapersonal• Refers to an individual’s capacity to understand oneself, to appreciate ones feelings, fears and motivations.• Involves having an effective working model of ourselves, and to be able to use such information to regulate our lives.• Classic autobiographers such as Jena Paul Satre and Frederik Douglas are examples.
  19. 19. Multiple IntelligenceLearning Style Inventory•• yourstrengths.html• Choose one, go on the web, and figure out what your intelligences are!
  20. 20. Various Methods of Study• Linguistic – record lectures, take notes• Logical-Mathematical – form concepts,• Musical – turn information into lyrics, tapping out time during studying• Bodily-Kinesthetic – act out or role play the information, review of material while engaging in physical activity• Visual-Spatial – construct graphs, charts, or pictures of information• Interpersonal – work and/or study in groups, use of conferencing or email• Intrapersonal – work and/or study independently, use of reflection such as journaling
  21. 21. Identify what type of learner you are and do what works best for you!• Chapman, A. (2005). Howard Gardner multiple intelligence and vak learning styles. Retrieved from